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Boundaries, &c. 1. -Natural Commodities: Fallow Deer, Parks, Wood, l, 2 - 

Oxford University, the Library, 2-4._Proverbs, 5-7.-Princes : 

Richard son of Hen. II., Edmund son of Edw. I., Edward and Thomas sons of 

II., Anne Beauchamp, 8-10. Saints: St. Frideswide, St. Edwold, St 

Edward the Confessor, 10, 11 .-Cardinals : Robert Pullen, Thomas Joyce, 12. 

Prelates : Herbert Losing, Owen Oglethorp, John Underbill, John Bancroft, 

13, 14, Statesmen: Sir Dudley Carleton, 15. Soldiers : of the Norrises and 

Knowlls; Henry Lord Norris, Sir Francis Knowlls, Sir John Norris, 15-18. 

Writers: John Hanvile, John of Oxford, Robert Bacon, Robert of Oxford, 

Jeffrey Chaucer, Tho. Lydgate, Sir Rich. Baker, Wm. Whateley, John Balle, 

Wm. Clullingworth, Dr. Daniel Featley, John White, 19-24. Benefactors: 

Tho. Tisdall, 25. Memorable Persons: Anne Greene, 26. Lord Mayors : 

Gentry, ib.Ust of Sheriffs; with notices of Wm. Taverner, Robt. Doyle, Wm. 

Clarke, Rich. Fiennes, Rich. Wenman, 31-35. The Farewell, 35 Worthies 

since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 35, 36. 


Etymology, &c. 37 Buildings : Burgley on the Hill, ib. Wonders : Proverbs, 
38 Saints : St. Tibba, z6. Benefactors : Wm. Browne, John Harrington, 39, 
40 Memorable Persons: .... Jeffrey, 40. Gentry, 41. List of Sheriffs; 

with notices of Christ. Browne, 42-50 The Farewell, 51 Worthies since the 

time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, ib. 


Boundaries, &c. : Natural Commodities : Iron, Coal, 52 Manufactures: Build 
ings, 53 Medicinal Waters : Spring at Pitchford, ib. Proverbs: Princes: 
Rich. Plantagenet, 54 Saints : St. Milburgh, St. Oswald, 55. Confessors : 
Tho. Gataker, 56 Prelates : Robt. of Shrewsbury, Robt. Burnel, Walter de 
Wenlock, Ralph of Shrewsbury, Robt. Mascal, Rich. Talbote, Geo. Day, Wm. 

Day, 56-60 Statesmen: Sir Tho. Bromley, Sir Clement Edmonds, 60, 61 

VOL. III. b 


Capital Judges: Edm. Plowden, Sir John Walter, Edw. Littleton, 61, 62. 
Soldiers: Sir John Talbot, Sir John Talbot, jun. 62, 63 Writers: Robert 
of Shrewsbury, David of Chirbury, Robt. Langeland, Thos. Churchyard, Dr. 
Thos. Holland, Abraham Whelock, 63-66. Benefactors : Sir Roger Achley, 
Sir Rowland Hill, Sir Thos. Adams, Wm. Adams, 66-67 Memorable Persons : 

Thos. Parre, 68. Lord Mayors, 68, 69 Gentry, 69. List of Sheriffs ; 

with notices of Nicholas de Sandford, John Cornwall, Roger Kinaston, Thos. 
Mitton, Gilb. Talbot, Roger Owen, Rowland Cotton, Rich. Newport, 70-82. 
The Farewell, 82. Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the 
County, 82-84. 


Boundaries, Etymology, &c. 85. Natural Commodities : Lead, Lapis Calaminaris, 
Cheese, Woad, Mastiffs, 85-87 Manufactures : Taunton Serges, 88 Build 
ings : Bath Cathedral, Wells Cathedral, Montague House, Hinton St. George 

House, 88-90 Wonders: Wockley Hole, 90. Medicinal Waters: Springs at 

Bath, ib Proverbs, 91, 92. Saints : St. Dunstan, 92 Martyrs : John Hooper, 

ib Prelates : Joceline of Wells, Fulke of Samford, John of Samford, Thos. 

Beckinton, Rich. Fitz-James, 93-95. Statesmen : Sir Amias Poulett. 96 
Capital Judges : Sir John Fitz-James, Sir John Portman, Sir David Brooke, 
Sir Jas. Dyer, Sir John Popham, 96-98. Soldiers : John Baron Courcy, Mat 
thew Gournay, 99,100. Seamen: Sir Amias Preston, ib Writers: Gildas, 
Maurice Somerset, Alex, of Essebie, Adamus de Marisco, Hen. Cuffe, Sir John 
Harrington, Saml. Daniel, Humphry Sidenham, John Gibbon, Robt. Person, 
John Fen, John Collington, 101-106 Benefactors: Lady Mohun, Nich. Wad- 
ham, Philip Biss, 106, 107 Memorable Persons: Sir John Champneis, Tho. 

Coriat, 108 Lord Mayors, 109. List of Sheriffs ; with notices of John Paulet, 

109-112. Modern Battles: at Martial s Elm, at Langport, 112 The Fare 
well, 113. 


Etymology, Situation, &c. 113. Natural Commodities: Diamonds, ib Manufac 
tures : Gray Soap, 114. Buildings: Ratcliffe Church, 115. Medicinal Waters : 

St. Vincent s Well, ib Proverbs, ib Martyrs : Rich. Sharpe, Tho. Benion, 

Tho. Hale, 116 Prelates: Ralph of Bristol, Tobias Matthew, ib. Seamen: 

Hugh Eliot, ib. Writers : Tho. Norton, John Spine, John of Milverton, W T m. 

Grocine, John Fowler, 117-119. Benefactors : Robt. Thorn, Mary Dale, Dr. 
Tho. White, 119, 120, Lord Mayors : The Farewell, 121. 

Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 121-123. 


Boundaries, Fertility, &c. 124 Natural Commodities: Alabaster, ib Manufac 
tures : Nails, 1 25 Buildings : Lichfield Cathedral, Lichfield Close, Tutbury 

Castle, Dudley Castle, 125-127. Proverbs, 127 Saints: St. Bertelin, St. Wol- 

fadus, St. Ruffinus, 128. Cardinals: Reginald Pole, ib. Prelates: Edm. Staf- 
ford,Wm. Dudley, Edm. Audley, 130, 131. Lawyers : Sir Thos. Littleton, Edm. 
Dudley, Sir Thos. Bromley, 131-133. Soldiers : John Bromley, John Dudley, 

the Bagnols, 133, 134 Seamen: Wm. Minors, 135 Writers: John Stafford, 

W T m. de Lichfield, Robt, Whittington, Hen. Stafford, Sampson Erdeswicke, 
Tho. Allen, Wm. and Robt. Burton, Edw. Leigh, Elias Ashmole, Dr. John 
Lightfoot, Dr. Wm. Gifford, 135-138. Benefactors: Marten Noel, 139 


Memorable Persons : Tho. Tarlton, John Sands, Walter Parsons, 139, 140 

Lord Mayors: Gentry, 141 List of Sheriffs: with notices of Ranul. com. 
Cestr. et Henr. de Aldicheleia, John de Aston, Brian Cornwal, Roger de Wir- 
ley, Thos. Stanley, John Delves, Walt. Wrotesley, John Dudley, Wm. Bowyer, 
143-155 Battles: at Hopton Heath, 155 The Farewell, ib. Worthies since 
the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 156, 157. 


Boundaries, Extent, Air, 158 Natural Commodities: Cheese, Butter, ib Manu 
factures: Clothing, 159 Buildings: Churches in Bury, Town of Bury, Long 
Melford, Somerley Hall, 159, 160 Proverbs: 160, 161 Princes : Edm. Mor 
timer, 161 Saints: St. Edmund, Robt. Grosseteste, 162, 163. Martyrs : 

Rowland Taylor, Root. Samuel, 164. Cardinal: Thos. Wolsey, 165 Prelates : 

Herbert Losing, Rich. Angervile, John Paschal, Simon Sudbury, Thos. Ed- 
vvardston, Thos. Peverel, Steph. Gardiner, John Bale, John May, John Overal, 
Leonard Mawe, Ralph Brownrigg, 166-171 Statesmen: Sir Nick. Bacon, Sir 
Wm. Drury, Sir Robt. Naunton, 173-175. Capital Judges : John de Metingham, 
Sir John Cavendish, Sir Robt. Broke, 176, 177. Soldiers : Sir Thos. Went- 

worth, 178. Seamen: Thos. Cavendish, 179. Physicians: Wm. Butler, 180 

Writers : Humph. Necton, John Horminger, Thomas of Ely, Rich. Lanham, 
John Kinyngham, John Lydgate, John Barnyngham, John of Bury, Thos. 
Scroope, Rich. Sibs, Wm. Alablaster, Saml. Ward, John Boise, Robt. Southwel, 
181-187 Benefactors: Elizabeth Countess of Ulster, Sir Simon Eyre, Thos. 
Spring, Wm. Coppinger, Sir Wm. Cordal, Sir Robt. Hicham, 187-189. Memo 
rable Persons : John Cavendish, Sir Thos. Cook, Sir Wm. Capel, 189-190.- Lord 
Mayors, 191. List of Sheriffs; with notices of John Higham, Robt. Jermin, 

Nich. Bacon, Thos. Crofts, Simonds Dewes, 192-195 The Farewell, 196 

Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 196-198. 


Boundaries and Soil, 199 Natural Commodities : Ftdler s Earth, Wall-nuts, Box, 
198-200 Manufactures: Gardening, Tapestry, 200,201. Buildings: Richmond 
Palace, None-such Palace, 202 Medicinal Waters : Ebsham, 203. Wonders : 

The Swallow, Subterranean Castle, 203-204 Proverbs,204 Princes: Henryson 

of Henry VIII., Henry son of Charles I., ib Martyrs, 206 Confessors : Lady 

Eleanor Cobham, ib Prelates : Nicholas of Fernham, Walter de Merton, Thos. 
Cranley, Nich. West, John Parkhurst, Thos. Ravis, Robt. Abbot, Geo. Abbot, 
Rich. Corbet, 206-21 1 Statesmen : Thos. Cromwel,Wm. Howard, Chas. Howard, 
206-21 1 Seamen : Sir Robt. Dudley, 212. Writers : Nich. Ockham,Wm. Ock- 
ham, John Holbrook, Geo. Ripley, Dr. Hen. Hammond, Nich. Sanders, 213- 
216 Benefactors : Henry Smith, 217. Memorable Persons : Eliz. Weston, id: 
Gentry, 21 8-220. List of Sheriffs; with notices of Hilarius Episcopus Chiches- 

- ter, Family of the Sacvils, John Ashburnham, John Lewkenor, Matth. Brown, 

Nich. Carew, Thos. Garden, Sir Geo. Goring, 220-235 To the Reader, 235. 

The Farewell, 236 Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the 
County, 236, 237. 

Boundaries, Fertility, &c. 238 Natural Commodities : Iron, Talc, Wheat-ears, 


Carps, 239, 240. Manufactures : Great Guns, Glass, 241, 242. Buildings: 
Chichester Cathedral, Arundel Castle, Petworth House, 242, 243. Wonders : 

Proverbs, 243. Martyrs, 244 Cardinals : Herbert de Bosham, ib. Prelates : 

John Peckham, Robt. Winchelsey, Tho. Bradwardine, Tho. Arundell, Hen. Bur- 
wash, Wm. Barlow, Wm. Juxon, Acceptus Frewen, 245-250 Statesmen: 

Tho. Sackvill, 251 Capital Judges: Sir J. Jeffry Soldiers: the Abbot of 

Battle, Sir Wm. Pelham, Sir Anthony Shirley, Sir Robt. Shirley, Sir Tho. 
Shirley, 252-255. Physicians : Nich. Hostresham, 256. Writers : Laurence 
Somercote, John Driton, John Winchelsey, Wm. Pemble, Tho. Chune, Tho. May, 
John Selden, Gregory Martine, Tho. Stapleton, 256-261. Benefactors : Rich. 

Sackvill, 262 Memorable Persons: John, Hen., and Tho. Palmer, Leonard 

Mascall, Wm. Withers, 262, 263. Gentry, 263 List of Sheriffs, 264, 265. 

The Farewell, 265 Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to 

the County, 266. 


Boundaries, &c. 267 Natural Commodities: Sheep, Ash, Coal, 267, 268 Build 
ings : Churches of Coventry, St. Mary s in Warwick, Kenilworth Castle, Cross 
of Coventry, 268, 269 Wonders : Leamington Springs, 270. Medicinal Wa 
ters : Spring at Newnham Regis, ^.Proverbs, 270, 271. Princes : AnneNevill, 

Edw. Plantagenet, 272, 273 Saints: St. Wolstan, 274 Martyrs: Laurence 

Sanders, Robt. Glover, Cornelius Bongey, John Carles, Julius Palmer, 275. 
Confessors: John Glover, ib Cardinals: Wm. Maklesfield, Pet. Petow, 275, 
276. Prelates : John Stratford, Ralph Stratford, Robt. Stratford, John 
Vesty, John Bird, 276-279. Statesmen : Sir Nich. Throckmorton, Sir Edw. 
Conway, John Lord Digby, 280, 281. Writers : Walter of Coventry, Vincent of 
Coventry, John of Killingworth, William of Coventry, John Rouse, Wm. Per 
kins, Dr. Tho. Drax, Wm. Shakspeare, Mich. Drayton, Sir Fulke Grevil, Nich. 
Byfield, Dr. Philemon Holland, Francis Holyoake, Jas. Cranford, Wm. Bishop, 
281-289 Benefactors: Hugh Clopton, John Hales, John Lord Harrington. 
290. Memorable Persons : Tho. Underbill, 291 Lord Mayors: Gentry, 292. 
List of Sheriffs ; with notices of An. Shugburgh, Rich. Verney, Fran. Leigh, 
Sim. Archer, Tho. Leigh, 293-297 Battle of Edgehill, 297 The Farewell, 
298. Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 


Boundaries, Sterility, &c. 301. Manufactures : Kendal Cottons, 302. Proverbs, 
ib.~ Princes: Kath. Parr, ib. Cardinals : Christ. Bambridge, 303. Prelates : 
Tho. Vipont, John de Kirkby, Tho. de Appleby, Rog. de Appleby, Wm. of 
Strickland, Nich. Close, Hugh Coren, Barnaby Potter, 303-306. Statesmen : 

Sir Edw. Bellingham, 306 Writers: Rich. Kendal, Bernard Gilpin, Rich. 

Mulcaster, Dr. Christ. Potter, 307-309 Benefactors : Dr. Robt. Langton, 
Dr. Miles Spencer, Anne Clyfford, 309, 310. Memorable Persons: Rich. 
Gilpin, 310. Lord Mayor, 311. Sheriffs : Robt. de Vipont, ib. The Fare 
well, ib. Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 
312, 313. 


Boundaries, &c. 314. Natural Commodities : Wool, ib. Manufactures : Clothing, 


Tobacco-pipes, 314, 315. Buildings : Salisbury Cathedral, 316. Wonders : 

Stonehenge, Knot-grass, 317,318 Proverbs, 319 Princes: Marg. Planta- 

genet, Jane Seymour, 319, 320. Saints: St. Adelme, St. Edith, 320, 321 

Martyrs: Rich. Smart, John Spicer, Wm. Coberly, John Maundrell, 321, 322. 
Confessors : John Hunt, Rich. White, Alice Coberly, 322. Cardinals : Walt. 
Winterburn, Robt. Halam, 322, 323. Prelates : Johannes Sarisburiensis, Rich. 
Poore, Wm. Edendon, Rich. Mayo, John Thorneborough, John Buckbridge, 
323-327 Statesmen : Edw. Seimor, Thos. Seimor, Sir Oliver St. John, Sir 

James Ley, Sir Fran. Cottington, 327, 329 Capital Judges : Sir Nich. Hyde, 

Edw. Hyde earl of Clarendon, 329, 330. Soldiers : Hen. d Anvers, 330, 331 

Writers : Oliver of Malmesbury, Wm. Malmesbury, Robt. Canutus, Richard of 
the Devises, Godwin of Salisbury, John of Wilton, John of Wilton, jun., John 
Chylmark, Dr. Thomas of Wilton, Wm. Horeman, 331-335. Masters of Music: 

Wm. Lawes, 336. Benefactors : T. Stumps, 337 Memorable Persons: 

Sutton of Salisbury, Michel, Sir James , 337, 338 Lord Mayors, 338 

Gentry : LordWm.Hungerford.Wm.Westbery, Dav.Cerington, 338-340 List of 

Sheriffs ; with notices of Hen. Sturmy, John Basket, Tho. Thin, Walt. Vaughan, 
Fran. Seymour, 341-353 Battles : Lansdown Fight, Roundway Fight, 353, 354. 
The Farewell, 354 Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to 
the County, 354-357. 


Boundaries and Divisions, 358 Natural Commodities : Lampreys, Perry, Salt, 

258, 359. Buildings: Worcester Cathedral, 3CO. Saints: St. Richard, ib 

Cardinals: John Comin, Hugh of Evesham, 361, 362 Prelates: Wulstan of 

Braundsford, John Lowe, Edm. Bonner, John Watson, 362-364 Statesmen: 

Sir Thos. Coventry, 365 Writers on the Law : Sir Thos. Littleton, 366 

Soldiers : Rich. Beauchamp earl of Warwick, 367, 368. Physicians and Che- 
mists: Sir Edw. Kelley, 369. Writers: Florence of Worcester, John Wallis, 
Elias de Evesham, Wm. Packington, Sir Edwin Sandys, Dr. Rich. Smith, 

John Marshall, Robt. Bristow, Hen. Holland, 370-374 Masters of Music : 

Walter of Evesham, 374. Benefactors : Rich. Dugard, ib. Memorable Per 
sons : John Feckenham, Hen. Bright, 375, 376 Lord Mayors, 376. List of 

Sheriffs ; with notices of Johannes Savage, Wm. Compton, John Russel, John 

Packington, Rich. Walsh, 376-383. The Battles: Worcester Fight, 383 

Panegyric on Charles II. 335-388 The Farewell, 388. Worthies since the 

time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 389, 390. 


Boundaries, Fertility, and Opulence, 391 Natural Commodities: Geat, Alum, 

Lime, Horses, 392-394 Manufactures: Knives, Pins, 395. Medicinal Wa 
ters : Petrifying Well, St. Mungus s Well, 396, 397. Buildings : Beverley 

Church, Wresel Castle, 397 Proverbs, 398 Princes: Henry son of William 

duke of Normandy, Thomas son of Edward I., Richard Plantagenet duke of 

York, Edward son of Richard III. 399, 400 Saints: St. Hilda, Benedict 

Biscop, St. John of Beverley, Thos. Plantagenet, Rich. Role, John of Birling- 

ton, Wm. Sleightholme, 401-404 Martyrs, 405. Confessors, 406: Cardinals : 

John Fisher, ib Prelates : Eustathius de Fauconbridge, William de Melton, 

Hen. Wakefield, Rich. Scroope, Steph. Patrington, Wm. Percy, Cuthbert Ton- 


stal, Ralph Baines, Thos. Bentham, Edm. Guest, Miles Coverdale, Adam 
Loftus, Geo. Mountaine, 407-413 CapitalJudges : Sir Wm. Gascoigne, Guido 
de Fairfax, Sir Rog. Cholmley, Sir Christ. Wray, 413-415 Statesmen: Sir 
John Puckering, Sir Geo. Calvert, Thos. Wentworth earl of Strafford, 416-418. 
Seamen : Armigel Waad, Sir Martin Frobisher, Geo. Lord Clifford, 418, 419. 
Physicians: Sir Geo. Ripley, Thos. Johnson, 420-422. Writers : Alphred 
of Beverley, Gulielmus Rehievailensis, Ealread abbot of Rievaulx, Walt. Da 
niel, Robert the Scribe, Peter of Ripon, William of Newborough, Rog. Hove- 
den, John of Halifax, Robertus Perscrutator, Tho. Castleford, John Gower, 
John Marre, Tho. Gascoigne, John Harding, Hen. Parker, Sir Fran. Bigot, 
Wilfrid Holme, Tho. Roberson, Wm. Hugh, Rog. Ascham, Sir Hen. Savil, Tho. 
Taylor, Nath. Shute, Josiah Shute, Geo. Sandys, John Saltmarsh, Jer. Whitacre, 
422-436. Romish Exile Writers : John Young, John Mush, 436, 437. Bene 
factors : Tho. Scot, John Alcocke, 437, 438 Memorable Persons : Paulinus de 

Leeds, William de la Pole, 439 Lord Mayors, ib. Gentry, 440, 441. Fare 
well of the English Gentry, 441 List of Sheriff s ; with notices of Simon Ward, 
Thos. de Rokeby, Thos. Rokeby, Halvatheus Maulever, Hen. Bromfleet, Edm. 
Talbot, Hen. Vavasor, Radulphus Eure, Wm. Percy, Nich. Fairfax, Christ. Met- 
calfe, Geo. Bowes, Robt. Stapleton, Fran. Clifford, Hen. BeUasis, Hen. Slingsby, 
Geo. Savill, John Ramsden, 442-457. Battles, 457-459 The Farewell, 459., 


Antiquity, &c. 460. Manufactures, ib Buildings : the Cathedral, ib. Proverbs, 

461 Saints: Flaccus Albinus, St. Sewald, 461-463. Martyrs: Valentine 

Freese, 463 Confessors: Edw. Freese, ib Prelates: John Roman, Robt. 

Walbey, Thos. Morton, 464-466 Statesmen : Sir Robt. Car, 466 Writers : 

John Walbye, John Erghom, Rich. Stock, 467, 468. Memorable Persons : John 
Lepton, 468. Lord Mayors : the Farewell, 469. 

Worthies since the time of Fuller, and Works relative to the County, 469-474. 


Preface, 477 Boundaries, Division, &c. 479 The Soil, 480. Natural Com 
modities: Silver, Royal Mines, Coinage, Lead, Goats, 481-484. Manufactures -. 

Frieze, Cheese, Metheglen, 485,486 Buildings, 487, 488 Proverbs, 488, 

489. Princes, 489. Confessors : Walt. Brute, Nich. Hereford, Phil. Reping- 
ton, Reg. Peacock, 490-492. Popes : Cardinals, 492. Prelates : Marbod Evanx, 
Walt, de Constantiis, Caducanus, Hugh Johnes, Dr. John Philips, 493-495. 
Physicians : Robt. Recorde, Thos. Phaier, Albane Hill, 496, 497. Writers : 
Petrok, Gildas the Fourth, Blegabride Langauride, Salephilax the Bard, Gwalte- 
rus Calenius, Gualo Brytannus, Wm. Breton, Utred Bolton, John Gweut, John 
Ede, David Boys, Sir John Rhese, John Griffin, Hugh Broughton, Hugh Hol 
land, 497-503. The Farewell, 504 Works relative to the Principality and the 

Counties thereof, 504, 505. 



Etymology and Situation, 506 Mill-stones, ib Wonders : Subterraneous Trees, 

507. Proverbs, 508. Prelates: Guido de Mona, Arth. Bulkley, Dr. Wm. Glyn, 

Rouland Merrick, Lancelot Bulkley, 508-510 Seamen: Madoc, 5 1 0. Sheriffs : 

The Farewell, 511. 


Boundaries, Soil, &c. 512. Natural Commodities : Otters, t._ Wonders : in the 
Air, Mounch-denny Hill j in the Water, Mear Llynsavathan ; in the Earth, 
City of Loventrium, 513, 514. Saints: St. Keyne, St. Canoch, St. Cadock, 
St. Clintanke, 514, 5 15. Prelates : Giles de Bruse, Thos. Howel, 515. States- 
men: Hen. Stafford, 516 Memorable Persons: Nesta, i6. The Farewell, 517. 


Boundaries, &c. 5 1 S.Natural Commodities : Beavers, ^.Proverbs, 519,520.- 
The Farewell, 520. 


Boundaries, &c., Golden Grove, 521 Wonders : Subterranean Vaults, ib. Martyrs : 

Robt. Farrar, ib Soldiers : Sir Rice ap Thomas, Walt. deDevereux, 522-524 

Writers : Ambrose Merlin, 524 The Farewell, 525. 


Boundaries, &c. 526. Wonders-. Floating Island, ib. Proverbs: Princes, 527 

Saints, 528 Statesmen: John Williams, ib Prelates: Rich. Vaughan, Hen. 

Rowlands, 528, 529. The Farewell, 529. 


Boundaries, &c. 530 Natural Commodities : Amelcorne, ib. Buildings : Wrex- 
ham Church Organs; Holt Castle, 531. Prelates: Leoline, Godfrey. Goodman, 

531, 532. Writers : Wm. Salesbury, 533 Benefactors: Sir Thos. Exmew, 

Gabriel Goodman, Sir Hugh Middleton, 533, 534 The Farewell: the New 

River, 535. 


Etymology, Boundaries, &c. 536 Proverbs, 537 Princes: Elizabeth, ib 

Saints : St. Congellus, St. Beno, St. Asaph, 537-539 Prelates : Rich. Parry, 

, 539. Soldiers: Owen Glendower -Wye, ib. Writers: Elvodugus, Dr. Meredith 
Hanmer, 540 Benefactors: Rich. Clough, ib. Memorable Persons : Thos. ap 
William, 541 The Farewell, ib. 


Boundaries, &c. 542. Wonders : Barrey Island, Well at Newton, ib. Civilians : 
Sir Edw. Carne, 542, 543. The Farewell, 543. 


Boundaries, &c. Le Herbert, 545 Wonders : Pimble-mear, ib. Saints : St. The- 
lian, 546 The Farewell, 547. 



Boundaries, Fertility, &c. 548. Natural Commodities : Horses, ib. Proverbs, 548, 
549. Writers; Geo. Herbert, Edw. Herbert, 549, 550. Memorable Persons: 
Hawis Gadarn, Julines Herring, 550, 551. The Farewell, 552. 


Boundaries, Produce, original Population, 553 Natural Commodities : Falcons, 

ib The Buildings : St. David s Cathedral, 553, 554. Princes ; Hen. Tuthar, 

554, 555 Saints : St. Justinian, 555 Writers : Giraldus Cambrensis, 555-557. 

The Farewell, 557. 


Boundaries, Etymology, Melieneth, Raihader Gowy, 558. Princes: Prelates: 
Elias de Radnor, Guilielmus de Radnor, ib. The Farewell, 559. 

INDEX of SUBJECTS, contained in the three Volumes 561 

INDEX of PROPER NAMES, contained in the three Volumes 566 





OXFORDSHIRE hath Berkshire (divided first by the Isis, then 
by the Thames) on the south ; Gloucestershire on the west ; 
Buckinghamshire on the east ; Warwick and Northampton-shires 
on the north. It aboundeth with all things necessary for man s 
life ; and I understand that hunters and falconers are no where 
better pleased. Nor needeth there more pregnant proof of 
plenty in this place, than that lately Oxford was for some years 
together a court, a garrison, and an university ; during which 
time it was well furnished with provisions on reasonable rates. 


And why of these in Oxfordshire ? why not rather in North 
amptonshire, where there be the most, or in Yorkshire, where 
there be the greatest, parks in England ? It is because John 
Rous of Warwick telleth me, that at Woodstock in this county 
was the most ancient park in the whole land, encompassed with 
a stone wall by king Henry the first. 

Let us premise a line or two concerning Parks ; the case, be 
fore we come to what is contained therein. 

1. The word parcus appears in Varro (derived, no doubt, a 
parcendo, to spare or save) for a place wherein such cattle are 

2. There is mention once or twice in Domesday-book of par 
cus* silvestris bestiarum, which proveth parks in England before 
the Conquest. 

3. Probably such ancient parks (to keep J. Rous in credit 
and countenance) were only paled, and Woodstock the first that 
was walled about. 

J Camden s Britannia, in Oxfordshire. 


4. Parks are since so multiplied, that there be more in Eng 
land than in all Europe besides.* 

The deer therein, when living, raise the stomachs of gentle 
men with their sport ; and, when dead, allay them again with 
their flesh. The fat of venison is conceived to be (but I would 
not have deer-stealers hear it) of all flesh the most vigorous 
nourishment, especially if attended with that essential addition 
which Virgil coupleth therewith : 

Implentur veteris Bacchi pinguuque ferince. 
" Old wine did their thirst allay, fat venison hunger. 1 
But deer are daily diminished in England, since the gentry 
are necessitated into thrift, and forced to turn their pleasure 
in to profit: "Jam seges est ubi parcus erat;" and, since the 
sale of bucks hath become ordinary, I believe, in process of 
time, the best stored park will be found in a cook s shop in 


Plenty hereof doth, more hath, grown in this county, being 
daily diminished. And indeed the woods therein are put to too 
hard a task in their daily duty (viz. to find fuel and timber for 
all the houses in, and many out of, the shire) ; and they cannot 
hold out, if not seasonably relieved by pit- coal found here, or 
sea-coal brought hither. This minds me of a passage wherein 
Oxford was much concerned. When Shot-over woods (being 
bestowed by king Charles the First on a person of honour) were 
likely to be cut down, the university by letters laboured their 
preservation ; wherein this among many other pathetical expres 
sions, " That Oxford was one of the eyes of the land, and Shot- 
over woods the hair of the eyelids ; the loss whereof must needs 
prejudice the sight, with too much moisture flowing therein." 
This retrenched that design for the present ; but in what case 
those woods stand at this day, is to me unknown. 


The colleges in Oxford, advantaged by the vicinity of fair 
free-stone, do for the generality of their structure carry away the 
credit from all in Christendom, and equal any for the largeness 
of their endowments. 

It is not the least part of Oxford s happiness, that a moiety 
of her founders were prelates (whereas Cambridge hath but three 
episcopal foundations, Peter-house, Trinity-hall, and Jesus) ; 
who had an experimental knowledge what belonged to the ne 
cessities and conveniences of scholars, and therefore have accom 
modated them accordingly ; principally in providing them the 
patronages of many good benefices, whereby the fellows of those 

* Camden s Britannia, in Oxfordshire. 


colleges are plentifully maintained, after their leaving of the 

Of the colleges, University is the oldest, Pembroke the 
youngest, Christ Church the greatest, Lincoln (by many re 
puted) the least, Magdalen the neatest, Wadham the most uni 
form, New College the strongest, and Jesus College (no fault 
but its unhappiness) the poorest ; and if I knew which was the 
richest, I would not tell, seeing concealment in this kind is the 
safest. New College is most proper for southern, Exeter for 
western, Queen s for northern, Brasen-nose for north-western 
men, St. John s for Londoners, Jesus for Welshmen ; and at 
other colleges almost indifferently for men of all countries. 
Merton hath been most famous for schoolmen, Corpus Christi 
(formerly called Trilingue Collegium) for linguists, Christ 
Church for poets, All-souls for orators, New College for civi 
lians, Brasen-nose for disputants, Queen s College for metaphy 
sicians, Exeter for a late series of Regius professors ; Magdalen 
for ancient, St. John s for modern, prelates ; and all eminent 
in some one kind or other. And if any of these colleges were 
transported into foreign parts, it would alter its kind (or degree 
at least) and presently of a college proceed an university, as equal 
to most, and superior to many, academies beyond the seas. 

Before I conclude with these colleges, I must confess how 
much I was posed with a passage which I met with in the epis 
tles of Erasmus, writing to his familiar friend Ludovicus Vives, 
then residing in Oxford, in Collegia Apum, in the College of Bees, 
according to his direction of his letter. I knew all colleges 
may metaphorically be termed the Colleges of Bees, wherein the 
industrious scholars live under the rule of one master, in which 
respect St. Hierome* advised Rusticus the monk to busy him 
self in making bee-hives, that from thence he might learn "mo- 
nasteriorum ordinem et regiam disciplinary" (the order of mo 
nasteries and discipline of kingly government. But why any 
one college should be so signally called, and which it was, I was 
at a loss ; till at last seasonably satisfied that it was Corpus 
Christi ; whereon no unpleasant story doth depend. 

In the year 1630, the leads over Vives s study, being decayed, 
were taken up, and new cast ; by which occasion the stall was 
taken, and with it an incredible mass of honey.f But the bees, 
as presaging their intended and imminent destruction (whereas 
they were never known to have swarmed before) did that spring 
(to preserve their famous kind) send down a fair swarm into the 
president s garden ; the which, in the year 1633, yielded two 
swarms ; one whereof pitched in the garden for the president ; 
the other they sent up as a new colony into their old habitation, 
there to continue the memory of this mellifluous doctor, as the 
university styled him in a letter to the cardinal. 

* In Epistola ad Rusticum monachum. f Butler, of Bees, p. 23. 

B 2 


It seems these bees were aborigines from the first building 
of the college, being called Collegium Ap um in the founder s sta 
tutes ; and so is John Claymand, the first president thereof, 
saluted bv Erasmus.* 



If the schools may be resembled to the ring, the library may 
the better be compared to the diamond therein ; not so much 
for the bunching forth beyond the rest, as the preciousness 
thereof, in some respects equalling any in Europe, and in most 
kinds exceeding all in England : yet our land hath been ever 
4><Ao/3i/3Aoc, much given to the love of books ; and let us fleet 
the cream of a few of the primest libraries in all ages. 

In the infancy of Christianity, that at York bare away the 
bell, founded by archbishop Egbert (and so highly praised by 
Alevinus in his epistle to Charles the Great) ; but long since 

Before the dissolution of abbeys, when all cathedrals and 
convents had their libraries, that at Ramsey was the greatest 
Rabbin, spake the most and best Hebrew, abounding in Jewish 
and not defective in other books. 

In that age of lay-libraries (as I may term them, as belong 
ing to the city) I behold that pertaining to Guildhall as a prin 
cipal, founded by Richard Whittington, whence three cart-loads 
of choice manuscripts were carried in the reign of king 
Edward the Sixth, on the promise of [never performed] 
restitution. f 

Since the Reformation, that of Bene t in Cambridge hath for 
manuscripts exceeded any (thank the cost and care of Mat 
thew Parker) collegiate library in England. 

Of late, Cambridge library, augmented with the Arch-epis 
copal library of Lambeth, is grown the second in the land. 

As for private libraries of subjects, that of treasurer Burleigh 
was the best, for the use of a statesman, the lord LumhVs for 
an historian, the late earl of Arundel s for an herald, Sir Robert 
Cotton s for an antiquary, and archbishop Usher s for a 

Many other excellent libraries there were of particular per 
sons : lord Brudenell s, lord Hatton s, &c. routed by our civil 
wars ; and many books which scaped the execution are fled 
[transported] into France, Flanders, and other foreign parts. 

To return to Oxford library, which stands like Diana 
amongst her nymphs, and surpasseth all the rest for rarity and 
multitude of books ; so that, if any be wanting on any subject, 
it is because the world doth not afford them. This library 
was founded by Humphrey the good duke of Gloucester; cow- 
founded, in the reign of king Edward the Sixth, by those who 

In Castigationetn Chrysostomi Conclusiuncularum de Fato. 
f Stow, in his Survey of London. 


I list not to name ; re-founded by worthy Sir Thomas Bodley, 
and the bounty of daily benefactors. 

As for the king s houses in this county, Woodstock is justly 
to be preferred, where the wood and water nymphs might 
equally be pleased in its situation. Queen Elizabeth had a 
great affection for this place, as one of her best remembrancers 
of her condition when a prisoner here (in none of the best lodg- 
ings) in the reign of her sister. Here she escaped a dangerous 
fire, but whether casual or intentional God knoweth. Here, 
hearing a milk-maid merrily singing in the park, she desired 
exchange of estates, preferring the poorest liberty before the 
richest restraint. At this day it is a fair, was formerly a fairer, 
fabric, if the labyrinth built here by king Henry the Second 
answered the character of curiosity given it by authors. But 
long since the labyrinth (time, without the help of Ariadne s 
clue of silk, can unravel and display the most intricate building) 
is vanished away. 

Nor must Enston hard by be forgotten ; which though some 
sullen soul may recount amongst the costly trifles, the more 
ingenious do behold as Art s pretty comment, as Nature s plea 
sant text ; both so intermingled, that art in some sort may seem 
natural, and nature artificial therein. It was made by Thomas 
Bushel, esq., sometime servant to Francis Bacon lord Verulam. 
Now because men s expectations are generally tired with the 
tedious growing of wood, here he set hedges of full growth, 
which thrived full well, so that where the former left no plants, 
the following year found trees grown to their full perfection. 
In a word, a melancholy mind may here feast itself to a surfeit 
with variety of entertainments. But rarities of this nature are 
never sufficiently described till beheld. 


" You were born at Hogs-Norton. ] 

This is a village, properly called Hoch-Norton, whose inha 
bitants (it seems formerly) were so rustical in their behaviour, 
that boorish and clownish people are said born at //o0*-Norton. 

"To take a Burford bait."] 

This it seems is a bait, not to stay the stomach but to 
lose the wit thereby, as resolved at last into drunkenness. If 
the fair-market of Burford in this county be so much guilty of 
this foul sin, it is high time to damn the words of this pro 
verb, and higher to detest the practice thereof. Otherwise 
Burford-bait may have a hook therein, to choke such souls as 
swallow it, without their sincere and seasonable repentance. 

" Banbury zeal, cheese, and cakes."] 

I admire to find these joined together in so learned an 
author as Mr. Camden,* affirming that town famed for these 

* Britannia, in Oxfordshire, p. 376. 


three things quant male conveniunt ! and though zeal be 
deservedly put first, how inconsistent is it with his gravity and 
goodness, to couple a spiritual grace with matters of coporeal 
repast : so that, if spoken in earnest, it hath more of a pro 
fane than pious pen ; if in jest, more of a libeller than 

But, to qualify the man, no such words are extant in the 
Latin Camderi ; where only we read, " Nunc autem conficiendo 
caseo oppidum notissimum, castrum ostendit/ &c. 

Secondly, it being in the English translated by Philemon 
Holland, was at the first (as I have been credibly informed) a 
literal mistake of the printers (though not confessed in the 
errata) set forth in anno Domini 1608 ; zeal being put for veal 
in that place. 

But what casual in that, may be suspected ivilful in the next 
and last edition, anno 1637, where the error is continued out of 
design to nick the town of Banbury, as reputed then a place 
of precise people, and not over-conformable in their carriage. 
Sure I am that Banbury had a gracious, learned, and painful 
minister ;* and this town need not be ashamed of, nor grieved 
at, what scoffers say or write thereof; only let them add know 
ledge to their zeal, and then the more of zeal the better their 

" He looks as the devil over Lincoln."] 

Some fetch the original of this proverb from a stone picture 
of the devil, which doth (or lately did) over look Lincoln Col 
lege. Surely the architect intended it no farther than for an 
ordinary antic, though beholders have since applied those ugly 
looks to envious persons, repining at the prosperity of their 
neighbours, and jealous to be overtopt by their vicinity, 

The Latins have many proverbs parallel hereunto, to express 
the ill aspects of malevolent spectators ; as " Cyclopicus obtu- 
tus," and the Cyclops, we know, were deformed at the best 
(envy makes a good face look ill, and a bad look worse), " Vul- 
tus Titanicus," " Vultus Scythicus, 5 " Limis oculis os oblique 
inspicere," "Thynni more videre" (to look like a thuny\ a 
fish which, as Aristotle saith, hath but one eye, and that, as 
some will have it, on the left side ; so full is malice of sinis 
ter acceptions. 

To return to our English proverb, it is conceived of more 
antiquity than either of the fore-named colleges, though the 
secondary sense thereof lighted not unhappily, and that it 
related originally to the cathedral church in Lincoln. t 

" Teutons are gone to Oxford,^ to study in Brazen-nose."] 

This proverb began about the end of the reign of king Henry 
the Eighth, and happily ended about the middle of the reign 

" Mr. William Whaley, of whom hereafter in this county. 

f Vide supra, in Lincolnshire. 

j J. Heywood, in bis Five Hundred Epigrams, num. 63. 


of queen Elizabeth ; so that it continued in use not full fifty 

This the occasion thereof; king Henry the Eighth, as his 
in-comes, so his out-goings, were greater than any English king s 
since the Conquest. And it belongs not to me to question the 
cause of either. Sure it is, as he was always taking he was 
always iv anting ; and the shower of abbey-lands being soon over 
his drought for money was as great as ever before. This made 
him resolve on the debasing thereof, testons especially (a coin 
worth sixpence, corruptly called tester] : so that their intrinsic 
value was not worth above three shillings and four pence the 
ounce, to the present jDrofit of the sovereign, and future loss of 
the subjects. Yea, so allayed they were with copper (which 
common people confound with brass), and looked so red there 
with, that (as my author saith) " they blushed for shame, as 
conscious of their own corruption."* 

King Edward the Sixth and queen Mary earnestly endea 
voured the reduction of money to the true standard (and indeed 
the coin of their stamping is not bad in itself) ; but could not 
compass the calling in of all base money, partly through the 
shortness of their reigns, and partly through the difficulty of the 
design. This, by politic degrees, was effected by queen Eliza 
beth, with no great prejudice to the then present age, and grand 
advantage to all posterity, as is justly mentioned on her monu 
ment in Westminster. 

" Send verdingales to Broad Gatesf in Oxford. ^] 

This will acquaint us with the female habit of former ages, 
used not only by the gadding Dinahs of that age but by most 
sober Sarahs of the same, so cogent is a common custom. 
With these verdingales the gowns of women beneath their 
waists were pent-housed out far beyond their bodies ; so that 
posterity will wonder to what purpose those bucklers of paste 
board were employed. 

Some deduce the name from the Belgic verd-gard (derived, 
they say, from virg a virgin, and garder to keep and preserve) ; 
as used to secure modesty, and keep wantons at distance. Others 
more truly fetch it from vertu and galle ; because the scab and 
bane thereof, the first inventress thereof being known for a light 
house-wife, who, under the pretence of modesty, sought to cover 
her shame and the fruits of her wantonness. 

These by degrees grew so great, that their wearers could not 
enter (except going sidelong) at any ordinary door ; which gave 

* J. Heywood, ibidem, num. 64. 

t Pembroke College, in Oxford, which originally belonged to the priory of St. 
Frideswide, was for a long time known by the name of Segrim, or corruptly, Segreve 
Hall ; and afterwards received the name of Broad-gates, from the wide form of its 
entrance, " Aula cum lata porta, or Ada late portensis." (Chalmer s History of the 
Colleges, &c. of Oxford, 1810, vol. n. p. 417.) Ed. 

J J. Heywood, in his Fiv<5 Hundred Epigrams, num. 63. 


the occasion to this proverb. But these verdingales have been 
disused this forty years ; whether because women were convinced 
in their consciences of the vanity of this, or allured in their 
fancies with the novelty of other fashions, I will not determine. 

" Chronica si penses, cum jnignetit Oxonienses 
l*ost aliquot menses volat ira per Angliginenses." 

" Mark the chronicles aright, 

When Oxford scholars fall to fight, 
Before many months expir d 
England will with war be fir d."] 

I confess Oxonienses may import the broils betwixt the towns 
men of Oxford, or townsmen and scholars ; but I conceive it 
properly to intend the contests betwixt scholars and scholars ; 
which were observed predictional, as if their animosities were 
the index of the volume of the land. Such who have time may 
exactly trace the truth hereof through our English histories. 
Sure I am, there were shrewd bickerings betwixt the southern 
and northern men in Oxford in the reign of king Henry the 
Third, not long before the bloody war of the barons did begin. 
The like happened twice under king Richard the Second, which 
seemed to be the van-courier of the fatal fights betwixt Lan 
caster and York. However, this observation holds not nega 
tively ; all being peaceable in that place, and no broils at Ox 
ford sounding the alarum to our late civil dissensions. 


RICHARD, son to king Henry the Second and queen Eleanor, 
was (the sixth king since the Conquest, but second native of 
England) born in the city of Oxford, anno 1157- Whilst a 
prince, he was undutiful to his father ; or, to qualify the matter, 
over- dutiful to his mother, whose domestic quarrels he always 
espoused- To expiate his offence, when king, he, with Philip 
king of France, undertook a voyage to the Holy Land, where, 
through the treachery or Templary cowardice of the Greeks, di 
versity of the climate, distance of the place, and differences be 
twixt Christian princes, much time was spent, a mass of money 
expended, many lives lost, some honour achieved, but little 
profit produced. Going to Palestine he suffered shipwreck and 
many mischiefs on the coast of Cyprus; coming for England 
through Germany, he was tossed with a worse land tempest, being 
(in pursuance of an old grudge betwixt them) taken prisoner by 
Leopoldus duke of Austria. Yet this Ceeur de Lion, or Lion- 
hearted king (for so was he commonly called) w r as no less lion 
(though now in a grate) than when at liberty, abating nothing of 
his high spirit in his behaviour. The duke did not undervalue 
this his royal prisoner, prizing his person at ten years purchase, 
according to the [then] yearly revenue of the English Crown. 
This ransom of a hundred thousand pounds being paid, he 
came homej first reformed himself, and then mended many 


abuses in the land ; and had done more, had not an unfortunate 
arrow, shot out of a besieged castle in France, put a period to 
his life, anno Domini 1199. 

EDMUND, youngest son to king Edward the First by queen 
Margaret, was born at Woodstock, Aug 5, 1301. He was af 
terwards created earl of Kent, and was tutor to his nephew king 
Edward the Third ; in whose reign falling into the tempest of 
false, injurious, and wicked envy, he was beheaded, for that he 
never dissembled his natural brotherly affection toward his bro 
ther deposed, and went about when he was (God wot) mur 
dered before (not knowing so much) to enlarge him out of 
prison, persuaded thereunto by such as covertly practised his 
destruction. He suffered at Winchester, the nineteenth of 
March, in the fourth of Edward the Third. 

EDWARD, eldest son of king Edward the Third, was born at 
Woodstock in this county, and bred under his father (never 
abler teacher met with an apter scholar) in martial discipline. 

He was afterwards termed the black prince ; not so called 
from his complexion, which was fair enough (save when sun 
burnt in his Spanish expedition) ; not from his conditions, 
which were courteous (the constant attender of valour) ; but 
from his achievements, dismal and black, as they appeared to 
the eyes of his enemies, whom he constantly overcame. 

But grant him black in himself, he had the fairest lady to his 
wife this land and that age did afford ; viz. Joane countess of 
Salisbury and Kent, which, though formerly twice a widow, was 
the third time married unto him, This is she whose Garter 
(which now flourisheth again) hath lasted longer than all the 
wardrobes of the kings and queens in England since the Con 
quest, continued in the knighthood of that order. 

This prince died, before his father, at Canterbury, in the 46th 
year of his age, anno Domini 1376; whose maiden success at 
tended him to the grave, as never foiled in any undertakings. 
Had he survived to old age, in all probabilities the wars between 
York and Lancaster had been ended before begun; I mean, 
prevented in him, being a person of merit and spirit, and in se 
niority before any suspicion of such divisions. He left two 
sons ; Edward, who died at seven years of age, and Richard, af 
terwards king, second of that name; both born in France, and 
therefore not coming within the compass of our catalogue. 

THOMAS of Woodstock, youngest son of king Edward the 
Third and queen Philippa, was surnamed of Woodstock, from 
the place of his nativity. He was afterward earl of Bucking 
ham and duke of Gloucester ; created by his nephew king Rich 
ard the Second, who summoned him to the Parliament by the 
title of The King s loving Uncle. He married Isabel, one of the 


co-heirs of Humphrey Bohun earl of Essex, in whose right he 
became constable of England ; a dangerous place, when it met 
with an unruly manager thereof. 

But this Thomas was only guilty of ill-tempered loyalty, 
loving the king well, but his own humours better ; rather wilful 
than hurtful ; and presuming on the old maxim, " Patruus est 
loco parentis," (an uncle is in the place of a father.) He ob 
served the king too nearly, and checked him too sharply ; 
whereupon he was conveyed to Calais, and there strangled ; by 
whose death king Richard, being freed from the causeless fear 
of an uncle, became exposed to the cunning plots of his cousin 
german Henry duke of Lancaster, who at last deposed him. 
This Thomas founded a fair college at Fleshy in Essex, where 
his body was first buried with all solemnity, and afterward 
translated to Westminster. 

ANNE BEAUCHAMP was born at Caversham in this county.* 
Let her pass for a princess (though not formally) reductively, 
seeing so much of history dependeth on her ; as, 

Elevated. 1. Being daughter (and in fine sole heir) to 
Richard Beauchamp, that most martial earl of Warwick. 2. 
Married to Richard Nevil earl of Sarisbury and Warwick ; com 
monly called The Make-king; and may not she then, by a 
courteous proportion, be termed The Make-queen ? 3. In her 
own and husband s right she was possessed of one hundred and 
fourteen manors in several shires. 4. Isabel, her eldest daugh 
ter, was married to George duke of Clarence ; and Anne, her 
younger, to Edward prince of Wales, son of Henry the Sixth, 
and afterwards to king Richard the Third. 

Depressed. 1. Her husband being killed at Barnet fight, all 
of her land by act of Parliament was settled on her two daugh 
ters, as if she had been dead in nature. 2. Being attainted (on 
her husband s score) she was forced to fly to the Sanctuary at 
Beaulieu in Hampshire. 3. Hence she got herself privately into 
the north, and there lived a long time in a mean condition. 
4. Her want was increased after the death of her two daugh 
ters, who may be presumed formerly to have secretly sup 
plied her. 

I am not certainly informed when a full period was put by 
death to these her sad calamities. 


St. FRIDESWIDE was born in the city of Oxford, being 
daughter to Didan the duke thereof. It happened that one 
Algarus, a noble young man, solicited her to yield to his lust, 
from whom she miraculously escaped, he being of a sudden 
struck blind.f If so, she had better success than as good a 

* Dugdale, in his Illustration of Warwickshire, p 334. 

t Polydore Vergil, 1. v. Histor. Breviar. sec. usum Sarum. MS. Robert Buck. 


virgin, the daughter to a greater and better father: I mean, 
Thamar daughter of king David, not so strangely secured from 
the lust of her brother.* 

She was afterwards made abbess of a monastery, erected by 
her father in the same city, which since is become part of 
Christchurch, where her body lieth buried. 

It happened in the first of queen Elizabeth, that the scholars 
of Oxford took up the body of the wife of Peter Martyr, who 
formerly had been disgracefully buried in a dunghill, and in 
terred it in the tomb with the dust of St. Frideswide. Sanders 
addeth, that they wrote this inscription (which he calleth im- 
pium epitaphiuni) : " Hie requiescit Ileligio cum Superstitione :f" 
though, the words being capable of a favourable sense on his 
side, he need not have been so angry. However, we will rub 
up our old poetry, and bestow another upon them. 

In t,umul fuerat Petri quce Martyris Maw, 

Hie cum Frideswidn virginejurejacet. 
Virginis intactce nihilum cum cedat liunori, 

Conjugis in thalamo non temerata fides. 
Si sacer Angligenis cullus mutetur (at absit ! ) 

Ossa suum fervent mutua tuta locum. 

" Entomb d with Frideswide, deem d a sainted maid, 
The wife of Peter Martyr here is laid. 
And reason good, for women chaste in mind 
The best of virgins come no whit behind. 
Should Popery return, (which God forefend !) 
Their blended dust each other would defend." 

Yet was there more than eight hundred years betwixt their 
several deaths ; Saint Frideswide dying anno 739, and is re 
membered in the Romish calendar on the nineteenth day of 

St. EDWOLD was younger brother to St. Edmund, king of the 
East- Angles, so cruelly martyred by the Danes ; and, after his 
death, that kingdom not only descended to him by right, but 
also by his subjects importunity was pressed upon him.J But 
he declined both, preferring rather a solitary life and heavenly 
contemplation ; in pursuance whereof, he retired to Dorchester 
in this county, and to a monastery called Corn-house therein, 
where he was interred, and had in great veneration for his 
reputed miracles after his death, which happened anno Do 
mini 871. 

St. EDWARD the CONFESSOR was born at Islip in this 
county, and became afterwards king of England, sitting oh the 
throne for many years, with much peace and prosperity ; 
famous for the first founding of Westminster Abbey, and many 
other worthy achievements. 

* 2 Sam. xiii. 14. t Sanders, de Schismate Anglicana, 1. iii. p. 344. 

J Gul. Malmesbury de Pont. Angl. hac die Herbert, in Fest. S. S. 
Speed s Chronicle, in the Life of this King. 


By Bale he is called Edvardus simplex, which may signify 
either shallow or single ; but (in what sense soever he gave it) 
we take it in the latter. Sole and single he lived and died, never 
carnally conversing with St. Edith his queen : which is beheld 
by different persons according to their different judgments 
(coloured eyes make coloured objects) ; some pitying him for 
defect or natural impotence ; others condemning him, as affect 
ing singleness, for want of conjugal affection; others applaud 
ing it, as a high piece of holiness and perfection. Sure I am, 
it opened a door for foreign competitors, and occasioned the 
conquest of this nation. He died anno Domini 1065, and 
lieth buried in Westminster Abbey. 


[S. N.] ROBERT PULLEN, or Pullain, or Pulley, or Puley, 
or Bull en, or Pully ; for thus variously is he found written * 
Thus the same name, passing many mouths, seems in some sort 
to be declined into several cases ; whereas indeed it still re- 
maineth one and the same word, though differently spelled and 

In his youth he studied at Paris ; whence he came over into 
England in the reign of king Henry the First, when learning 
ran very low in Oxford, the university there being first much 
afflicted by Harold the Dane, afterwards almost extinguished 
by the cruelty of the Conqueror. Our Pullen improved his 
utmost power with the king and prelates for the restoring 
thereof; and, by his praying, preaching, and public reading, 
gave a great advancement thereunto.f Remarkable is his cha 
racter in the Chronicle of Osney :J " Robertus Pulenius Scrip- 
turas Divinas quse in Anglia obsolverant apud Oxoniam legere 
cepit," (Robert Pullen began to read at Oxford the Holy 
Scriptures, which were grown out of fashion in England.) 

The fame of his learning commended him beyond the seas ; 
and it is remarkable, that whereas it is xisual with popes (in 
policy) to unravel what such weaved who were before them, 
three successive popes continued their love to, and increased 
honours upon him: 1. Innocent courteously sent for him to 
Rome. 2. Celestine created him cardinal of St. Eusebius, 
anno 1144. 3. Lucius the second made him chancellor of the 
Church of Rome. 

He lived at Rome in great respect ; and although the certain 
date of his death cannot be collected, it happened about the 
year of our Lord 1150. 

[S. N.] THOMAS JOYCE, or Jorce, a Dominican, proceeded 
doctor of divinity in Oxford ; and, living there, he became pro- 

* Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of Cardinals, 
f J. Bale ; et J. Pits, de Scriptoribus Britannicis. 
% Cited by Mr. Camden, in Oxfordshire. 


vincial of his order, both of England and Wales.* From this 
place, without ever having any other preferment, Pope Clement 
the fifth created him cardinal of St. Sabine ; though some 
conceive he wanted breadth proportionable to such an height 
of dignity, having no other revenue to maintain it, cardinals 
being accounted king s fellows in that age. Others admire at 
the contradiction betwixt friars profession and practice, that 
persons so low should be so high, so poor so rich ; which 
makes the same men to suspect, that so chaste might be so 

He is remarkable on this account, that he had six brethren 
all Dominicans. t I will not listen to their comparison, who 
resemble them to the seven sons of Sceva,J which were exor 
cists ; but may term them a week of brethren, whereof this 
rubricated cardinal was the Dominical letter. There want not 
those who conceive great virtue in the youngest son of these 
seven, and that his touch was able to cure the Pope s evil. This 
Thomas, as he had for the most time lived in Oxford, so his 
corpse by his own desire was buried in his convent therein. 
He flourished anno Domini 1310. 


HERBERT LOSING was born in Oxford, his father being an 
abbot, seeing wives in that age were not forbidden the clergy ; 
though possibly his father turned abbot of Winchester in his 
old age, his son purchasing that preferment for him. But this 
Herbert bought a better for himself, giving nineteen hundred 
pounds to king William Rufus for the bishopric of Thetford, 
Hence the verse was made, 

" Filius est proesul, pater abbas, Simon uterque ; " 

meaning that both of them were guilty of simony, a fashionable 
sin in the reign of that king, preferring more for their gifts 
than their endowments. 

Reader, pardon a digression. I am confident there is one, 
and but one, sin frequent in the former age, both with clergy 
and laity, which in our days our land is not guilty of, and may 
find many compurgators of her innocence therein ; I mean the 
sin of simony : seeing none in our age will give anything for 
church-livings ; partly because the persons presented thereunto 
have no assurance to keep them, partly because of the uncer 
tainty of tithes for their maintenance. But whether this our 
age hath not added in sacrilege what it wanteth in simony, 
is above my place to discuss, and more above my power to 

To return to our Herbert, whose character hitherto cannot 
entitle him to any room in our Catalogue of WORTHIES ; but 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Rritannicis, Cent. iv. num. 89 ; and Pits, in anno 1311. 

f Idem, ut prius. J Acts xix. 14. 

Godwin s Catalogue of the Bishops of Norwich, p. 481. 


know that afterwards he went to Rome (no such clean washing 
as in the water of Tiber), and thence returned as free from 
fault as when first born. Thus cleansed from the leprosy of 
simony, he came back into England, removed his bishopric from 
Thetford to Norwich, laid the first stone, and in effect finished 
the fair cathedral therein, and built five beautiful parish 
churches. He died anno Domini 1119. See more of his cha 
racter, on just occasion, in Suffolk, under the title of Prelates. 

[AMP.] OWEN OGLETHORP was (saith my author)* born 
of good parentage ; and, I conjecture, a native of this county, 
finding Owen Oglethorp his kinsman twice high-sheriff thereof 
in the reign of queen Elizabeth. He was president of Mag 
dalen College in Oxford, dean of Windsor, and at last made 
bishop of Carlisle by queen Mary. A good-natured man, and 
when single by himself very pliable to please queen Elizabeth, 
whom he crowned queen, which the rest of his order refused to 
do : but, when in conjunction with other popish bishops, such 
principles of stubbornness were distilled unto him, that it cost 
him his deprivation. However, an authorf tells me, that the 
queen had still a favour for him, intending his restitution either 
to his own or a better bishopric, upon the promise of his gene 
ral conformity, had he not died suddenly, of an apoplexy, 1559. 


JOHN UNDERBILL was born in the city of Oxford ;J first 
bred in New College, and afterwards rector of Lincoln College 
in that university ; chaplain to queen Elizabeth, and esteemed 
a good preacher in those days. 

The bishopric of Oxford had now been void twenty- two 
years ; and some suspected that so long a vacancy would at last 
terminate in a nullity, and that see be dissolved. The cause 
that church was so long a widow was the want of a competent 
estate to prefer her. At last the queen, 1589, appointed John 
Underbill bishop thereof. An ingenious pen (but whose 
accusative suggestions are not always to be believed) hinteth a 
suspicion, as if he gave part of the little portion this church had 
to a great courtier, which made the match betwixt them. He 
died 1592 ; and lieth buiied in the middle choir of Christ s 

JOHN BANCROFT was born at Ascot in this county ; and 
was advanced, by archbishop Bancroft his uncle, from a student 
in Christ Church, to be master of University- college in Oxford. 
Here it cost him much pains and expense in a long suit to reco- 

* Bishop Godwin, in his Bishops of Carlisle. 

t Sir John Harrington, in his Addition to Bishop Godwin. 

Register of New College, anno 1563. 

Sir John Harrington, in the Bishops of Oxford. 


ver and settle the ancient lands of that foundation. Afterwards 
he was made bishop of Oxford ; and, during his sitting in that 
see, he renewed no leases, but let them run out for the advan 
tage of his successor. He obtained the royalty of Shot-over 
for, and annexed the vicarage of Cudsden to, his bishopric ; 
where he built a fair palace and a chapel, expending on both 
about three thousand five hundred pounds ; " cvjus munificentite 
(said the Oxford orator of him to the king at Woodstock) debe- 
mus, quod incerti laris mitra surrexerit e pulvere in Palatium." 
But now, by a retrograde motion, that fair building " e Palatio 
recidit in pulverem," being burned down to the ground in the 
late wars ; but for what advantage, as I do not know, so I list 
not to inquire. This bishop died anno Domini 1640. 


Sir DUDLEY CARLETON, Knight, was born in this county ; 
bred a student in Christ Church in Oxford. He afterwards was 
related as a secretary to Sir Ralph Winwood, ambassador in the 
Low-Countries, when king James resigned the cautionary towns 
to the states. Here he added so great experience to his former 
learning, that afterwards our king employed him for twenty 
years together ambassador in Venice, Savoy, and the United 
Provinces ; Anne Garrard his lady (co-heir to George Garrard 
esq.) accompanying him in all his travels, as is expressed in her 
epitaph in Westminster Abbey. 

He was by king Charles the First created baron of Imber- 
court in Surrey, and afterwards viscount Dorchester ; marrying 
for his second wife the daughter of Sir Henry Glenham, the 
relict of Paul Viscount Banning, who survived him. He suc 
ceeded the lord Conway (when preferred president of the coun 
cil) in the secretaryship of state, being sworn at Whitehall, 
December 14, 1628. He died without issue, anno Domini 163 . , 
assigning his burial (as appears on her tomb) with his first wife, 
which no doubt was performed accordingly. 


No county in England can present such a brace of families 
contemporaries, with such a bunch of brethren on either, for 
eminent achievements. So great their states and stomachs, 
that they often justled together ; and no wonder if Oxfordshire 
wanted room for them, when all England could not hold them 
together. Let them be considered, root and branch, first seve 
rally, then conjunctively. 

Father. HENY lord NORRIS (descended from the viscounts 
Levels) whose father died in a manner martyr for the queen s 
mother, executed about the business of Anne Bullen. 

Mother. Margaret, one of the daughters and heirs of John 


lord Williams of Tame, keeper of queen Elizabeth whilst in re 
straint under her sister., and civil unto her in those dangerous 

Thus queen Elizabeth beheld them both, not only with gra 
cious but grateful eyes. 

Ricot in this county was their chief habitation. 

Their issue. 1. William, marshal of Barwick, who died in 
Ireland, and was father to Francis, afterward earl of Berkshire. 

2. Sir John, who had three horses in one day killed under him 
in a battle against the Scots.* But more of him hereafter. 

3. Sir Thomas, president of Munster. Being hurt in a fight, 
and counting it a scratch rather than a wound, he scorned to 
have it plastered ; as if the balsam of his body would cure itself; 
but it rankled, festered, gangrened, and he died thereof. 4. Sir 
Henry, who died about the same time in the same manner. 
5. Maximilian, who was slain in the war of Britain. 6. Sir 
Edward, who led the front at the taking of the Groyn ; and 
fought so valiantly at the siege of Ostend. Of all six, he only 
survived his parents. 

Father. Sir FRANCIS KNOWLLS, treasurer to the queen s 
household, and knight of the Garter (who had been an exile in 
Germany under queen Mary) deriving himself from Sir Robert 
Knowlls, that conquering commander in France. 

Mother. . . . Gary, sister to Henry lord Hundson, and cousin- 
german to queen Elizabeth, having Mary Bullen for her mother. 

Thus the husband was allied to the queen in conscience (fellow 
sufferers for the Protestant cause) ; the wife in kindred. 

Greys in this county was their chief dwelling. 

Their issue. 1. Sir Henry, whose daughter and sole heir was 
married to the lord Paget. 2. Sir William, treasurer of the house 
hold to king James, by whom he was created baron Knowlls, 
May 3, 1603 ; viscount Wallingford, 1616 ; and by king Charles I. 
in the first of his reign, earl of Banbury. 3. Sir Robert, father 
to Sir Robert Knowlls of Greys, now living. 4. Sir Francis, 
who was living at, and chosen a member of, the late long Par 
liament; since dead, aged 99. 5. Sir Thomas, a commander in 
the Low Countries. 6. Lettice, though of the weaker sex, may 
well be recounted with her brethren, as the strongest pillar of 
the family. Second wife she was to Robert Dudley, earl of 
Leicester, and (by a former husband) mother to Robert Deve- 
reux, earl of Essex ; both prime favourites in their generations, 

The NORRISES were all Martis putti, (men of the sword), and 
never out of military employment. The KNOWLLS were rather 
valiant men than any great soldiers, as little experienced in war. 
Queen Elizabeth loved the Knowlls for themselves ; the Nor- 

* Camden s Elizabeth, in anno 1578. 


rises for themselves and herself, being sensible that she needed 
such martial men for her service. The Norrises got more ho 
nour abroad ; the Knowlls more profit at home, conversing con 
stantly at court ; and no wonder if they were the warmest, who 
sat next to the fire. 

There was once a challenge passed betwixt them at certain 
exercises to be tried between the two fraternities, the queen and 
their aged fathers being to be the spectators and judges, till it 
quickly became a flat quarrel betwixt them.* Thus, though at the 
first they may be said to have fenced with rebated rapiers and 
swords buttoned up, in merriment only to try their skill and 
strength ; they soon fell to it at sharps indeed, seeking for many 
years to supplant one another, such the heart-smoking and then 
heart-burning betwixt them. And although their inclinations 
kept them asunder, the one brotherhood coming seldom to 
court, the other seldomer to camp ; yet the Knowlls are sus 
pected to have done the Norrises bad offices, which at last did 
tend to their mutual hurt ; so that it had been happy for both, 
had these their contests been seasonably turned into a cordial 

Sir JOHN NOBRIS must be resumed, that we may pay a 
greater tribute of respect to his memory. He was a most accom 
plished general, both for a charge which is the sword, and a re 
treat which is the shield, of war. By the latter he purchased to 
himself immortal praise, when in France he brought off a small 
handful of English from a great armful of enemies; fighting 
as he retreated, and retreating as he fought ; so that always his 
rear affronted the enemy ; a retreat worth ten victories got by 
surprise, which speak rather the fortune than either the valour 
or discretion of a general. 

He was afterwards sent over with a great command into Ire 
land, where his success neither answered to his own care, nor 
others expectation. Indeed hitherto Sir John had fought with 
right-handed enemies in France and the Netherlands ; who was 
now to fight with left-handed foes, for so may the wild Irish well 
be termed (so that this great master of defence was now to seek 
a new guard), who could lie on the coldest earth, swim through 
the deepest water, run over what was neither earth nor water, I 
mean bogs and marshes. He found it far harder to find out 
than fight his enemies, they so secured themselves in fastnesses. 
Supplies, sown thick in promises, came up thin in performances ; 
so slowly were succours sent unto him. 

At last a great lord was made lieutenant of Ireland, of an op 
posite party to Sir John ; there being animosities in the court 
of queen Elizabeth (as well as of later princes), though her 
general good success rendered them the less to the public notice 

* Fragmenta Regalia, in Knowlls. 


of posterity. It grieved Sir John to the heart, to see one of an 
opposite faction should be brought over his head, in so much 
that some conceive his working soul broke the cask of his body, 
as wanting a vent for his grief and anger ; for, going up into his 
chamber, at the first hearing of the news, he suddenly died, 
anno Domini 1597- 

Queen Elizabeth used to call the lady Margaret, his mother, 
her own crow, being (as it seemeth) black in complexion (a 
colour which no whit unbecame the faces of her martial issue) ; 
and, upon the news of his death, sent this letter unto her, which 
I have transcribed from an authentic copy. 

" To the Lady Norris. 
" My own Crow : 22d Sept. 1597. 

" Harm not yourself for bootless help, but shew a good example 
to comfort your dolorous yoke-fellow. Although we have deferred 
long to represent to you our grieved thoughts, because we liked 
full ill to yield you the first reflection of misfortune, whom we 
have always rather sought to cherish and comfort; yet knowing 
now, that necessity must bring it to your ear, and nature con 
sequently must move both grief and passion in your heart : we 
resolved no longer to smother, neither our care for your sorrow, 
or the sympathy of our grief for your loss. Wherein, if it be 
true that society in sorrow works diminution, we do assure you 
by this true messenger of our mind, that nature can have stirred 
no more dolorous affection in you as a mother for a dear son, 
than gratefulness and memory of his service past hath wrought 
in us his sovereign apprehension of our miss for so worthy a 
servant. But now that nature s common work is done, and he 
that was born to die hath paid his tribute, let that Christian dis 
cretion stay the flux of your immoderate grieving, which hath 
instructed you, both by example and knowledge, that nothing 
in this kind hath happened but by God s divine providence. 
And let these lines from your loving and gracious sovereign 
serve to assure you, that there shall ever appear the lively cha 
racter of our estimation of him that was, in our gracious care of 
you and yours that are left, in valuing rightly all their faithful 
and honest endeavours. More at this time we will not write 
of this unpleasant subject ; but have dispatched this gent, to 
visit both your lord and you, and to condole with you in the 
true sense of your love ; and to pray that the world may see, 
what time cureth in a weak mind, that discretion and modera 
tion helpeth in you in this accident, where there is so just cause 
to demonstrate true patience and moderation. 

" Your gracious and loving sovereign, E. R." 

Now, though nothing more consolatory and pathetical could 
be -written from a prince, yet his death went so near to the 
heart of the lord, his ancient father, that he died soon after. 



[AMP.] JOHN HANVILE took his name (as I conceive) from 
Hanwell, a village in this county (now the habitation of the an 
cient family of the Copes), seeing none other in England, both 
in sound and spelling, draweth nearer to his surname. He pro 
ceeded Master of Arts in Oxford: then studied in Paris, and 
travelled over most parts in Christendom. He is commonly 
called Archithrenius,* or Prince of Lamentation, being another 
Jeremy and man of mourning. He wrote a book, wherein 
he bemoaned the errors and vices of his own age ; and himself 
deserved to live in -a better : yet this doleful dove could peck 
as well as groan, and sometimes was satirical t enough in his 
passion, there being but a narrow passage betwixt grief and an 
ger ; and bitterness is a quality common to them both. He 
flourished under king John, anno 1200; and, after his return 
from his travels, is conceived by some to have lived and died 
a Benedictine of St. Albans. 

JOHN of OXFORD was, no doubt, so named from his birth in 
that city ; otherwise, had he only had his education or eminent 
learning therein, there were hundreds Johns of Oxford as well 
as himself. Hector Boethiusf surnamed him a Vado Bourn, and 
owneth him the next historian to Jeffrey Monmouth in age and 
industry. He was a great anti-Becketist, as many more in 
that age of greater learning (except stubbornness be made the 
standard thereof) than Becket himself. Being dean of Old Sa- 
rum, and chaplain to king Henry the Second, he was by him 
employed, with others, to give an account to the Pope (but I 
question whether he would take it) of the king s carriage in the 
business of Becket. He was preferred, anno 1175, bishop of 
Norwich, where he repaired his cathedral, || lately defaced with 
fire, built a fair alms-house, and Trinity church in Ipswich. 
His death happened anno Domini 1200. 

[S. N.] ROBERT BACON, first scholar of, afterward a fami 
liar friend to, St. Edmund archbishop of Canterbury, was bred 
a doctor of divinity in Oxford ; and, when aged, became a Do 
minican or preaching friar ; and for his sermons he was highly 
esteemed by king Henry the Third, He was lepidus et cynicus,^ 
and a most professed enemy to Peter Roach bishop of Winches 

Matthew Paris** gives him and another (viz. Richard de 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iii. num. 49. f Idem, ibidem. 

t In the Preface of his History to James king of Scotland. 

Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iii. num. 42. 

II Bishop Godwin, in the Bishops of Norwich. 

1f Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 4. ; and Pits, in anno 1248. 

** M. Paris, anno 1233, p. 386. 

C L 


Fishakle) this praise, " quibus non erant majores, imo nee pares 
(ut creditur) viventes in theologi&, et aliis scientiis ; "* and I 
listen the rather to his commendation, because, being himself 
a Benedictine monk, he had an antipathy against all friars. I 
behold this Robert Bacon as the senior of all the Bacons, which, 
like tributary streams, disembogued themselves, with all the 
credit of their actions, into Roger Bacon, who, in process of 
time, hath monopolized the honour of all his surname- sakes in 
Oxford. Our Robert died anno Domini 1248. 

ROBERT of OXFORD was not only an admirer but adorer of 
Thomas Aquinas, his contemporary; accounting his opinions 
oracles, as if it were a venial sin to doubt of, and a mortal to 
deny, any of them. Meantime the bishop of Paris, with the 
consent of the masters of Sorbonne (the great champions of li 
berty in this kind) granted a licence to any scholar, opinari 
de opinionibus, to guess freely (and by consequence to discuss 
in disputations) any man s opinions which as yet by a general 
council were not decided matters of faith. Our Robert, much 
offended thereat, wrote not only against Henricus Gandavensis 
and ^Egidius Romanus, but also the whole college of Sorbonne ;t 
an act beheld of many as of more boldness than brains, for a 
private person to perform. He flourished under king Henry 
the Third, anno Domini 1270. 

JEFFREY CHAUCER was, by most probability, born at Wood 
stock in this county, though other places lay stiff claim to his 

Berkshire s title. Leland confesseth it likely that he was born 
in Barochemi provincid ; and Mr. Camden % avoweth that Du- 
nington castle, nigh unto Newbury, was anciently his inherit 
ance. There was lately an old oak standing in the park, called 
Chaucer s Oak. 

London s title. The author of his life, set forth 1602, proveth 
him born in London, out of these his own words in the Testament 
of Love : 

" Also in the Citie of London, that is to mee soe deare and 
sweete, in which I was foorth grown ; and more kindely love 
have I to that place than to any other in yerth (as every kindely 
creature hath full appetite to that place of his kindly ingendure)." 

Besides, Mr. Camden praiseth Mr. Edmund Spenser, the 
Londoner, for the best poet; "ne Chaucero quidem concive 
excepto," (Chaucer himself, his fellow-citizen, not being ex- 

Oxfordshire s title. Leland addeth a probability of his birth 
in Oxfordshire; and Camden saith of Woodstock, || " Cum nihil 

* Anno 1248, p. 747. f Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. 

J In his Britannia, in Berkshire. In his Elizabeth, anno 1598. 

II In his Britannia, in Oxfordshire. 


habeat quod ostentet, Homerum nostrum Anglicum, Galfredum 
Chaucerum, alumnum suum fuisse gloriatur." Besides, J. Pits* 
is positive that his father was a knight, and that he was born at 
Woodstock. And queen Elizabeth passed a fair stone-house 
next to her palace in that town unto the tenant by the name of 
Chaucer s house, whereby it is also known at this day. 

Now, what is to be done to decide the difference herein ? In 
deed Apion the grammarian would have Homer (concerning 
whose birth-place there was so much controversy) raised ab In- 
feris, that he might give a true account of the place of his nati 
vity. However, our Chaucer is placed here (having just grounds 
for the same) until stronger reasons are brought to remove him. 

He was a terse and elegant poet (the Homer of his age) : and 
so refined our English tongue, " ut inter expolitas gentium lin- 
guas potuit rect& quidem connumerari."t His skill in mathe 
matics was great (being instructed therein by Joannes Sombus 
and Nicholas of Lynn) ; which he evidenceth in his book <( De 
Sphaera." He, being contemporary with Gower, was living 
anno Domini 1402. 


THOMAS LYDYATE. Now I find the old sentence to be 
true, " Difficile fugitivas mortuorum memorias retrahere " see 
ing all my industry and inquiry can retrieve very little of this 
worthy person ; and the reader, I hope, will not be angry with 
me, who am so much grieved with myself for the same. Indeed 
contradicting qualities met in him, eminenci/ and obscurity ; the 
former for his learning, the latter for his living. All that we 
can recover of him is as followeth- He was born at AlkertonJ 
in this county ; bred first in Winchester school, then in New 
College in Oxford, being admitted therein June 22, 1593. An 
admirable mathematician, witness these his learned works, left 
to posterity: 1. De variis Annorum Formis ; 2. De natura 
Coeli, et conditione Elementorum; 3. Preelectio Astronomica; 
4. De origine Fontium ; 5. Disquisitio Physiologica ; 6. Expli- 
catio et additamentum Arg. Temp. Nativitatis et Ministerii 

In handling these subjects, it seems, he crossed Scaliger, 
who was highly offended thereat, conceiving himself such a 
prince of learning, it was high treason for any to doubt of, much 
more deny, his opinion. Yea, he conceited his own judgment 
so canonical, that it was heresy for any inferior person to differ 
from the same. Shall Scaliger write a book of " the Emenda 
tion of Times," and should any presume to write one of "the 
Emendation of Scaliger ?" especially one no public professor, 
and so private a person as Lydyate ? However, this great bug- 

* De Angliae Scriptoribus, anno 1400. 

t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. vii. num. It. 

J New-college Register, in anno 1593. 


bear critic, finding it more easy to contemn the person, than 
confute the arguments of his adversary, slighted Lydyate as in 
considerable, jeering him for a prophet, who indeed somewhat 
traded in the apocalyptical divinity. 

Learned men -of unbiassed judgments will maintain, that 
Lydyate had the best in that contest ; but here it came to pass 
what Solomon had long before observed, "Nevertheless the 
poor man s wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard."* 

He never attained higher church-preferment than the rectory 
of Alkerton, the town of his nativity ; and deserted that (as I 
have cause to suspect) before his death. 

Impute his low condition to these causes : 1. The nature of 
his studies ; which, being mathematical and speculative, brought 
not -rrpoQ aX<pi-a, grist to the mill. 2. The nature of his nature, 
being ambitious of privity and concealment. 3. The death of 
prince Henry (whose library keeper he was) and in whose grave 
Lydyate s hopes were interred. 4. His disaffection to church 
discipline, and ceremonies used therein ; though such wrong his 
memory, who represent him an Anabaptist. 

His modesty was as great as his want, which he would not 
make known to any. Sir William Boswell, well understanding 
his worth, was a great friend unto him ; and so was Bishop 
Williams. He died about Westminster, as I take it, in the year 
of our Lord 1644. Happy had it been for posterity, if on his 
death-bed he could have bequeathed his learning to any sur 
viving relation. 

Sir RICHARD BAKER, Knight, was a native of this county, 
and high sheriff thereof in the 1 8th of king James, anno Do 
mini 1621, His youth he spent in learning, the benefit 
whereof he reaped in his old age, when his estate through sure 
ty-ship (as I have heard him complain) was very much im 
paired. But God may smile on them on whom the world doth 
frown ; whereof his pious old age was a memorable instance, 
when the storm on his estate forced him to fly for shelter to his 
studies and devotions. He wrote an "Exposition on the 
Lord s Prayer," which is co-rival with the best comments 
which professed divines have written on that subject. He 
wrote a chronicle on our English kings, embracing a method 
peculiar to himself, digesting observables under several heads, 
very useful for the reader. This reverend knight left this trou 
blesome world about the beginning of our civil wars. 

WILLIAM WHATELEY was born in Banbury (whereof his 
father was twice mayor), and bred in Christ s College in Cam 
bridge. He became afterwards minister in the town of his na 
tivity ; and though generally people do not respect a prophet or 

* Ecclesiastes ix. 16. 


preacher when a man, whom they knew whilst a child, yet he 
met there with deserved reverence to his person and profession. 
Indeed he was a good linguist, philosopher, mathematician, di 
vine, and (though a poetical satirical pen is pleased to pass a 
jeer upon him) free from faction. He first became known to 
the world by his book called "The Bride-bushe," which some 
say hath been more condemned than confuted, as maintaining a 
position rather odious than untrue ; but others hold that blows 
given from so near a relation to. so near a relation, cannot be 
given so lightly, but they will be taken most heavily. Other 
good works of his have been set forth since his death, which 
happened in the 56th year of his age, anno Domini 1639. 

JOHN BALLE was born at Casfigton (four miles north-west 
of Oxford) in this county ; an obscure village, only illustrated 
by his nativity.* He proceeded bachelor of arts in Brazen-nose 
College in Oxford (his parents purse being not able to main 
tain him longer) ; and went into Cheshire, until at last he was 
beneficed at Whitmore, in the county of Stafford. He was an 
excellent schoolman and schoolmaster (qualities seldom meeting 
in the same man), a painful preacher, and a profitable writer ; 
and his " Treatise of Faith" cannot sufficiently be commended. 
Indeed he lived by faith, having but small means to maintain 
him (but 20 pounds yearly salary, besides what he got by 
teaching and boarding his scholars) ; and yet was wont to 
say he had enough, enough, enough : thus contentment consist- 
eth not in heaping on more fuel, but in taking away some fire. 
He had an holy facetiousness in his discourse. When his 
friend having had a fall from his horse, and said that he never 
had the like deliverance, " Yea," said Mr. Balle, " and an hund 
red times when you never fell ;" accounting GocPs preserving us 
from, equal to his rescuing us out of, dangers. He had an hum 
ble heart, free from passion ; and, though somewhat disaffected 
to ceremonies and church-discipline, confuted such as conceived 
the corruptions therein ground enough for a separation. He 
hated all new lights and pretended inspirations besides Scrip 
ture : and when one asked him, "whether he at any time had 
experience thereof in his own heart ?" " No," said he, " I bless 
God; and if I should ever have such phantasies, I. hope 
God would give me grace to resist them." Notwithstand 
ing his small means, he lived himself comfortably, relieved 
others charitably, left his children competently, and died 
piously, October the 20th, anno Domini 1640, 

WILLIAM CHILLINGWORTH was born in the city of Oxford; 
so that, by the benefit of his birth, he fell from the lap of his 
mother into the arms of the Muses. He was bred in Trinity 

* The substance of his Character is taken out of his Life, written by Mr. Samuel 
Clarke. F. 


College in this university ; an acute and subtil disputant, 
but unsettled in judgment, which made him go beyond the 
seas, and in some sort was conciled to the church of Rome : but 
whether because he found not the respect he expected (which 
some shrewdly suggest), or because his conscience could not 
close with all the Romish corruptions (which more charitably 
believe), he returned into England ; and, in testimony of 
his true conversion, wrote a book entituled, " The Religion of 
Protestants a safe way to Salvation," against Mr. Knot the Je 
suit : I will not say, " Malo nodo malus queerendus est cuneus," 
but affirm no person better qualified than this author, with all 
necessary accomplishments to encounter a Jesuit. It is com 
monly reported that Dr. Prideaux compared his book to a lam 
prey ; fit for food, if the venomous string were taken out of the 
back thereof : a passage, in my opinion, inconsistent with the 
doctor s approbation, prefixed in the beginning of his book. 
This William Chillingworth was taken prisoner by the parlia 
ment forces at Arundel castle, and not surprised and slain in 
his studies, as Archimedes at the sacking of Syracuse (as some 
have given it out) ; but was safely conducted to Chichester, 
where, notwithstanding, hard usage hastened his dissolution. 

DANIEL FEATLEY, D. D. was born in (or very near to) the 
city of Oxford, his father being a servant of Corpus- Christi 
College, and this his son felloAV thereof. Here he had the 
honour to make the speech in the college, at the funeral of 
Dr. Reynolds. 

Some men may be said to have mutinous parts, which will 
not obey the commands of him who is the owner of them. 
Not so this doctor, who was perfect master of his own learning. 
He did not, as Quintilian saith of some, " occultis thesauris 
incumbere ;" but his learning was in numerate, for his present 
using thereof. He was as good in the schools as in the pulpit, 
and very happy in his disputes with Papists ; for in the confer 
ence with F. Fisher (when Fisher was caught in his own net), 
though Dr. White did wisely cast that net, Dr. Featley did help 
strongly to draw it to the shore. 

It seems, though he was in, yet he was not of, the late assem 
bly of divines ; as whose body was with them, whilst his heart 
was at Oxford. Yea, he discovered so much in a letter to the 
archbishop of Armagh ; which, being intercepted, he was pro 
ceeded against as a spy, and closely imprisoned, though finding 
some favour at last : he died in the prison college at Chelsea, 
anno Domini 1643. His wife s son hath since communicated 
to me his pocket-manual of his memorable observations, all 
with his own hand ; but, alas ! to be read by none but the wri 
ter thereof. 

JOHN WHITE (descended from the Whites in Hampshire) 


was born at Stanton-St.-John s* in this county j bred first in 
Winchester, then New College in Oxford, whereof he was fel 
low ; and fixed at last a minister at Dorchester in Dorsetshire 
well nigh forty years. A grave man, yet without moroseness, 
as who would willingly contribute his shot of facetiousness on 
any just occasion. A constant preacher, so that in the course 
of his ministry he expounded the Scripture all over, and half 
over again ; having an excellent faculty in the clear and solid 
interpreting thereof. A good governor, by whose wisdom the 
town of Dorchester (notwithstanding a casual merciless fire) 
was much enriched ; knowledge causing piety, piety breeding 
industry, and industry procuring plenty unto it. A beggar was 
not then to be seen in the town, all able poor being set on 
work, and impotent maintained, by the profit of a public brew- 
house, and other collections. 

He absolutely commanded his own passions, and the purses 
of his parishioners, whom he could wind up to what height he 
pleased on important occasions. He was free from covetous- 
ness, if not trespassing on the contrary : and had a patriarchal 
influence both in Old and New England ; yet, towards the end 
of his days, factions and fond opinions crept in his flock ; a 
new generation arose, which either did not know, or would not 
acknowledge, this good man ; disloyal persons, which would not 
pay the due respect to the crown of his old age, whereof he 
was sadly and silently sensible. 

He was chosen one of the assembly of divines, and his judg 
ment was much relied on therein. He married the sister of 
Dr. Burges, the great non-conformist (who afterwards, being 
reclaimed, wrote in the defence of ceremonies) by whom he left 
four sons ; and died quietly at Dorchester, anno Domini 1650. 

I hope that Solomon s observation of the poor wise man, who 
saved the little city,t C( yet no man remembered him," will 
not be verified of this town, in relation to this their deceased 
pastor, whom I hope they will not, I am sure they should not, 
forget, as a person so much meriting of them in all considera 
tions. His Comment on some part of Genesis is lately set 
forth, and more daily expected. 

THOMAS TISDALL, of Glimpton in this county, esquire, de 
ceasing anno 1610, bequeathed five thousand pounds to George 
Abbot, then bishop of London, John Bennet, knight, and 
Henry Aray, doctor of divinity, to purchase lands for the 
maintenance of seven fellows and six scholars : which money, 
deposited in so careful hands, was as advantageously expended 
for the purchase of two hundred and fifty pounds per annum. 
It fell then under consideration, that it was pity so great a 

* Where his father held a lease from New College. F. 
f Ecclesiastes ix. 15. 


bounty (substantial enough to stand of itself ) should be ad 
jected to a former foundation ;* whereupon a new college 
(formerly called Broad-gates Hall in Oxford) was erected there 
with by the name of Pembroke College, which since hath met 
with some considerable benefactors. May this the youngest 
college in England have the happiness of a youngest child, who 
commonly have in their mother s love what they lack in the 
land of their father ! 

We must not forget, that the aforesaid Thomas Tisdall gave 
many other charitable legacies ; and deserved very well of 
Abington school, founding an usher therein. 


ANNE GREENE, a person unmarried, was indicted, arraigned, 
cast, condemned and executed, for killing her child, at the 
assizes at Oxford, December 14, 1650. After some hours, her 
body being taken down, and prepared for dissection in the 
anatomy-schools, some heat was found therein, which, by the 
care of the doctors, was improved into her perfect recovery. 
Charitable people interpret her so miraculous preservation a 
compurgator of her innocence. Thus she, intended for a dead, 
continues a living anatomy of Divine Providence, and a monu 
ment of the wonderful contrivances thereof. If Hippolytus, 
revived only by poetical fancies, was surnamed Virbius, because 
twice a man ; why may not Mulierbia, by as good proportion, 
be applied to her, who since is married, and liveth in this 
county in good reputation ? 


1. John Norman, son of John Norman, of Banbury, Draper, 


2. Thomas Pargitor, son of John Pargitor, of Chipping Norton, 

Salter, 1530. 

3. Michael Dormer, son of Jeffrey Dormer, of Tame, Mercer, 





William bishop of Lincoln, and William de Lovell, chevalier ; 
Stephen Haytfeld, and Richard Quatermayns, (knights for 
the shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Tho. Wikeham, chev. Johannis Tyso. 

Lodowici Grevill. Will. Thomlyns. 

Johannis Wisham. Thome Andrey. 

Johan. Banufo. Thome atte Mille. 

Humphridi Hay. Johannis Benet. 

* Some intentions there were to have made it an addition to Baliol College. F. 



Rad. Archer. 
Job. Archer. 
Thome VVilles. 
Johannis Perysson. 
Joh. Crosse de Sibford. 
Thome Eburton. 
Thome Kynch. 
Willielmi Brise. 
Willielmi Dandy. 
Richard! Stanes. 
Johannis Wallrond. 
Johannis Daypoll. 
Johannis Fabian. 
Will. Page. 
Johannis Mose. 
Williel. Seton. 
Johannis Pytte. 
Thome Helmeden. 
Tho. Scholes. 
Thome Sperehawke. 
Thome Gascoine. 
Thome Clere. 
Joh. Goldwell. 
Williel. Goldwell. 
Johannis White. 
Thome Lynne. 
Will. Smith de Bloxham. 
Thome Chedworth. 
Willielmi Haliwell. 
Johannis Chedworth. 
Joh. de Berford. 
Roberti Quinaton. 
Richardi atte Mille. 
Willielmi Mason. 
Willielmi Palmer. 
Thome Tymmes. 
Joh. Cross de Drayton. 
Alexandri Byfeld. 
Joh. Andrew de Bodycote. 
Thome Serchesden. 
Thome Feteplace, arm. 
Tho. Hastyng, arm. 
Will. Wallweyn, arm. 
Joh. Hille, arm, 
Joh. Lemilt. 
Thome Mayor. 
Johannis Hood. 
Will. Gayte. 
Johannis Martyn, 

Thome Martyn. 

Will. .Fycheler. 

Will. Brayn. 

Nicholai Wenne. 

Johannis Leche. 

Will. Leche. 

Richardi Fremantle. 

Roberti Carpenter. 

Richardi Colas. 

Will. Coteler. 

Richardi Coteler. 

Johannis Punter. 

Henrici Suthwik. 

Johannis Fawlour. 

Johannis Mosyer. 

Joh. Wynchelcombe. 

Will. Style. 
Thome Vyncent. 

Johannis Bedyll. 
Johannis Trilling. 
Thome Marshall. 
Johannis Walker. 
Will. Walker. 
Simonis Walker. 
Thome Brys. 
Thome Mede. 
Joh. Freman de Pole. 
Thome Chalkele. 
Joh. Godefellawe. 
Johannis Abraham. 
Johannis Turfray. 
Richardi Howkyn. 
Rob. Bocher de Witteney. 
Johannis Rous. 
Stephani Cornewaill. 
Johannis lurdan. 
Johannis Bronne. 
Johannis Willeney. 
Willielmi Fellawe. 
Johannis Pere. 
Johan. Bray. 
Richardi Wellwe. 
Willielmi Wynn. 
Will. Whittington. 
Willielmi Dagbill. 
Will. Dustelyng. 
Johannis Danvers. 
Thome Mason. 
Johan. Aylesworth. 



Johan. Waver. 

Henrici Frebody. 

Richard! Harpour. 

Will. Shitford. 

Roberti Shitford. 

Hugonis Culworthe. 

Joh. Danus de Wardynton. 

Richardi Touchestre. 

Thome Blexhara. 

Rogeri Predy. 

Will. Drynkwater. 

Thome Wykham de Swalelyf. 

Will. Willingham. 

Roberti Carfipden. 

Walteri Snappe. 

Richardi Russhe. 

Thome Spycer. 

Joh. Draper. 

Thome Peny. 

Thome Harys. 

Johannis Flore. 

Will. Rothe. 

Joh. Etterton. 

Will. Witteney. 

Will. Wych. 

Joh. Potter. 

Joh. Fletewell. 

Richardi Eton. 

Joh. Warner. 

Will. Standell. 

Richardi Sclaytey de Shorld- 


Joh. Folke. 
Tho. Takle bayle. 
Thome Abbatis de Eynes- 


Richardi Walkestede, chev. 
Joh. Blount, arm. 
Will. Marmyon. 
Thome Halle. 
Joh. Lydier. 
Will. Berkingham. 
Will. R as h. 
Joh. Whighthill. 
Roberti Croxford. 
Thome Carwell. 
Thome Yerman. 
Joh. Somerton. 
Will. Somerton. 

Roberti Hare Court. 

Simonis Somerton. 

Thome Harlyngrigge. 

Will. Horncastle. 

Joh. Yerman. 

Joh. Colles. 

Joh. Bourman de Dadyngton. 

Thome Magon. 

Thome Pricket. 

Thome Pebworth. 

Walteri Jouster. 

Rogeri Jouster. 

Joh. Cobwell. 

Joh. Bingham. 

Joh. Tymmes. 

Will. Frere. 

Thome Maykyn. 

Richardi Tanner de Wode- 


Willielmi Weller. 
Joh. Swift. 
Richardi Stevenes. 
Richardi Marchall. 
Richardi Chapman. 
Thome Snareston. 
Joh. Bridde. 
Richardi Aston. 
Will. Parsons. 
Thome Payne. 
Joh. Nethercote. 
Stephani Humpton. 
Will. Romney. 
Joh. Romney. 
Roberti Rye. 
Will. Swift. 
Will. Harryes. 
Joh. Tanner de Eynesham. 
Will. Madle. 
Thome Millward. 
Joh. Fisher. 
Joh. Webbe. 
Edm. Rammesby. 
Jacobi Howes. 
Jac. Bocher de Stunsfeld. 
Joh. Megre. 
Joh. Halle de Barton. 
Phillippi Frere. 
Joh. Frere. 
Joh. Stowe. 



Job. Knight. 
Joh. Kemster. 
Will. Kemster. 
Rob. Qnaynaton. 
Rob. More, arm. 
Rob. Alkerton. 
Joh. Chorleton. 
Joh. Eburton, jun. 
Joh. Eburton, sen. 
Thome Eburton. 
Joh. Yonge. 
Joh. Balle. 
Thome Balle. 
Joh. Eureshawe. 
Galfridi Crewe. 
Will. Tommys. 
Will. Ayltan. 

Joh, Stokes. 

Joh. Walle. 

Will. Smith de Chepyng Nor 

Johannis Howes. 

Thome Howes. 

Willielmi Hide. 

Rogeri Milton. 

Johannis Stacy. 

Richardi Gurgan. 

Johannis Halle. 

Johannis Sampson. 

Willielmi Sampson. 

Thome Churchehill. 

Thome Cogeyn. 

Willielmi Cogeyn. 

Richardi Bury. 

Willielmi Houchyns. 

Johannis Channdyt. 

Willielmi Bagge. 

Will. Rollandright. 

Thome Fayreford. 

Joh. Martyn. 

Thome Tackle. 

Will. Weller. 

Joh. Maynard. 

Richardi Couper de E as tan. 

Will. Wrench. 

Joh. Halle de Shorthamton. 

Willielmi Tunford. 

Johannis Tunford. 

Johannis Parkyns. 

Rob. Ray n aid. 

Joh. Mucy. 

Will. Carter de Overnorton. 

Tho. Balle de Parvo Rowlan- 


Joh. Hammond. 
Joh. Halle. 
Joh. Payne. 
Joh. Shawe. 
Joh. Silver. 
Joh. Brewes. 
Tho. Spillesby. 
Joh. Salman. 
Joh. Potter, jun. Prioris de 

Joh. Langeston. 
Rogeri Powre. 
Will. Anderne. 
Joh. Aston. 
Joh. Cornwaile. 
Richardi Purcell. 
Jacobi Samwell. 
Rich. Fitz- Water. 
Tho. Wyonbissh. 
Joh. Togood. 
Rich. Togood. 
Joh. Spere. 
Joh. Shoue. 
Nicholai Norris. 
Thome Chapman. 
Willielmi Durbare. 
Thome Hoggys. 
Thome Gurdon. 
Tho. Markham. 
Johannis Lile. 
Johannis Sylvester. 
Johannis Balegh. 
Johannis Chantclere. 
Joh. Huntingdon. 
Will. Baldyngton. 
Johan. Burdon. 
Johannis Fellipps de Over- 


Joh. Smith de Mellington. 
Thome Smith de eadem. 
Johan. Notebene de Fencote. 
Will. Fitz-Water. 
Joh. Felmersham. 
Johannis Abbatis de Oseneye. 



Johannis Abbatis de Thame. 
Edm. Prioris sancti Frides- 


Tho. Baldington, jun. 
Tho. Baldington, sen. 
Job. Jacket. 
Thome Welles. 
Thome Longe, 
Joh. Ellys. 
Rob. Crakeall. 
Willielmi Tyller. 
Joh. Dogge. 
Andree Sparewe. 
Will. Loy, sen. 
Joh. Chamberleyn. 
Joh. Shrovebury. 
Robert! Reve. 
Joh. Fry day. 
Joh. Mayhon. 
Joh. Hamond. 
Will. Halfeknight. 
Hugonis Benet de Thame. 
Will. Collyngrig. 
Thome Credy. 
Joh. Savage bayly. 
Joh. Clifton Abbatis Dorca- 


Joh. Harpeden, chev. 
Hug. Wolf, chev. 
Thome Chaucer, arm. 
Rich. Dray ton, arm. 
Rich. Restold, arm. 
Petri Feteplace, arm. 
Will. Wikham, arm. 
Joh. Fitz-Elys, arm. 
Reg. Barantyn, arm. 
Will. Lynde, arm. 
Rob. Simeon, arm. 
Drugonis Barantyn. 
Joh. Bedford. 
Edmundi Forster. 
Rich. Gilot. 
Thome Chibenhurst. 
Thome atte Hide. 
Rogeri Radle. 
Petri Shotesbroke. 
Johannis Hide. 
Will. Ravenying. 
Willielmi Borde. 

Williel. -Skyrmet. 

Johannes Elmes. 

Thome Vine. 

Joh. Hertilpole. 

Tho. Clerk bayly. 

Joh. Bayly de Puriton. 

Johannis Badley. 

Will. Bosenhe. 

Thome Bartelot. 

Rich. Calday. 

Johannis Crips. 

Williel. North. 

Johannis atte Water. 

Roberti atte Water. 

Rich. Forster. 

Thome Denton. 

Thome atte Well de Garsing- 


Johannis Holt. 
Nicholai Neuby. 
Joh. Thomley. 
Will. Bele. 
Johannis Lowe. 
Rob. Hye. 
Joh. Bullery. 
Joh. Fitz-Aleyn. 
Joh. Walysby, clerici. 
Thome Tretherfet. 
Tho. Balingdon, sen. 
Joh. Smith. 
Joh. Skynner. 
Rich. English. 
Rob. Powlegh. 
Nich. atte Water. 
Johannis Hawe. 
Thome Dodde. 
Thome Bartelet. 
Will. Padenale. 
Ade Hastyng. 
Joh. Stotewell. 
Tho. Baker de Watlington. 
Richardi Hurry. 
Joh. Tours. 
Thome Muttyng. 
Thome Deven. 
Joh. Martyn. 
Will Somer. 
Joh. Romsey. 
Joh. Yonge. 


Will. Caturmayn. Rich. Malpas. 

Will. Hervey. Job. Boure. 

Hen. Benefeld. Rob. Gorewey. 

Will. North. Joh. Stafford." 
Nicholai Wotton de Kingston. Rich. Saddock. 

Joh. Temple. Joh. atte Lee. 

Joh. Fynamour. Will. Derenden. 

The commissioners in this county appear over diligent in dis 
charging their trust : for whereas those in other shires flitted 
only the cream of their gentry, it is suspicious that here they 
made use of much thin milk, as may be collected from their nu- 
merousness in a county of so small content. I could wish they 
had spent part of their pains on some other places, seeing we 
have so little of great, and nothing of some shires in this 
kind. But, I see, nothing will here fall out adequate to our de 
sires in all particulars ; but still we shall conceive ourselves to 
have cause to complain of something redundant and something 


Although Oxford and Berk-shires be divided by the Thames, 
and in the Saxon heptarchy were under two different kingdoms, 
Oxfordshire belonging to Mercia, and Berkshire to the west 
Saxons; yet after the Conquest they were united under one 
sheriff, until the ninth year of queen Elizabeth, as by the cata 
logue formerly presented in Berkshire doth plainly appear : since 
that year, for the more effectual discharge of the office, and 
greater ease of the subjects, each have had several sheriffs, and 
Oxfordshire as followeth : 


Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

9 Ric. Fines, mil. . . . Broughton. 
Az. three lions rampant O. 

10 Hum. Ashfeld, arm. 

11 Will. Taverner, arm. , Water Eaton. 

12 Tho. Gibbons, arm. 

13 Ric. Waynman, mil. . . Tame Parke. 

Quarterly G. and Az. a cross patonce O. 

14 Joh. Danvers, arm. 

G. a chevron inter three mullets O. 

15 Hen. Rainford, arm. 

16 Will. Babington, mil. 

Arg. ten torteaux, 4, 3, 2, and 1. 

17 Mich. Molyns, arm. 

18 Rob. Doyle, mil. et . . ut infra. 
Joh. Coop, arm. . . ut infra. 

19 Will. Hawtry, arm. 


Anno Name. Place. 

20 Ric. Corbet, arm. 

O. a raven proper. 

21 Edm. Bray, arm. 

22 Ric. Hudleston, arm. 

G. fretty Arg. 

23 Tho. Denton, arm. 

24 Anth. Cope, arm. . . Han well. 

Arg. on a chev. Az. betwixt three roses G. slipt and 
leaved Vert three flowers-de-luce O. 

25 Ric. Fines, arm. . . . ut prius. 

26 On. Oglethorpe, arm. . Newington. 

Arg. a chevron vairy O. and Vert betwixt three boars 
heads Sable cut off O. 

27 Joh. Doyle, arm. 

O. two bends Arg. 

28 Idem ut prius. 

29 Mich. Blount, arm. . . Mappleduram. 

Barry formy nebule of six O. and S. 

30 Joh. Danvers, arm. . . ut prius. 

31 Will. Clarke, arm. 

32 Will. Spencer, arm. . . Yardington. 

Quarterly Arg. and G. a fret O. ; on a bend S. three escalops 
of the first. 

33 Anth. Cope, mil. . . ut prius. 

34 Ro. Chamblayn, arm. 

G. a chevron Arg. betwixt three escalops O. 

35 Fran. Stonard, arm. . Stonard. 

Az. two bars dancette O. ; a chief Arg. 

36 Ric. Fiennes, mil. . . ut prius. 

37 Oni. Oglethorpe, arm. . ut prius. 

38 Will. Freer, arm. . . Water Eaton. 

G. two flanches O.; three wheat-ears erect in fess counter- 

39 George Broome, arm. 

40 Mich. Blount, arm. . . ut prius. 

41 Fran. Curson, arm. 

42 Will. Greene, arm. 

43 Will. Pope, arm. . . . Wiscot. 

Per pale O. and Az. on a chevron betwixt three griffins 
heads erased four flowers-de-luce, all counterchanged. 

44 Ric. Farmer, mil. 

Arg. a fess S. betwixt three leopards heads erased G. 


1 Anth. Cope, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Georg. Tipping, arm. 

3 Jac. Harrington, mil. 

S. a fret Arg. 


Anno Name. Place. 

4 Tho. Temple, mil. . . Buckin. 

Arg. on two bars S. six martlets O. 

5 Roland. Lacy, mil. 

6 Hen. Samborne, arm, 

7 Mich. Dormer, miL 

Az. ten billets, 4, 3, 2, and 1, O. ; on a chief of the se 
cond a lion issuant S. 

8 Bene. Winchcombe, arm. 

9 Tho. Moyle, arm. 

G. a mule passant Arg. 

10 Will. Clerke, mil. 

11 Hen. Lee, bar. . . . Dichley. 

Arg. a fess between three crescents S. 

12 Edw. Dunch, arm. 

S. a chevron betwixt three towers Arg. 

13 Tho. Read, arm. 

G. a saltire betwixt four garbs O. 

14 Tho. Spencer, mil. et bar. ut prius. 

15 Joh. Curson, mil. 

16 Edw. Fenner, arm. 

17 Will. Cope, mil. et bar. ut prius. 

18 Ric. Raker, mil. 

1 9 Fra. Stoner, mil. . . ut prius. 

20 Rowlan. Lacy, arm. 

21 Will. Aishcombe, mil. 

22 Walt. Dunch, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Ric. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Ric. Lovelace, mil. 

modo dom. Lovelace . Berkshire. 

G. on a chief indented S. three martlets O. 
Cope Doyley, mil. . . ut prius. 

3 Ric. Wenman, mil. . ut prius. 

modo dom. Wenman. 

4 Rob. Dormer, mil. . ut prius. 

5 Will. Cobb, mil. . . Adderbury. 

6 Joh. Lacy, mil. 

7 Joh. Harborne, arm. 

8 Tho. Coghill, arm. 

modo miles . . . Blechington. 

G. on a chevron Arg. three ogresses ; a chief S. 

9 Joh. Mellor, mil. 

10 Pet. Wentworth, mil. bar. 

S. a chevron betwixt three leopards heads O. 

11 Fran. Norris, mil. 

Quarterly Arg. and G., a fret Or, with a fess Az. 



Anno Name. Place. 

12 Will. Walter, arm. . . Saresden. 

Az. three eagles displayed Arg. 

13 T. Peniston, mil. and bar. 

Arg. three Cornish choughs proper. 

14 Joh. Doyly, arm. . . ut prim. 

15 Rad. Warcoppe, arm, 

16 Ric. Libb, arm. 

17 Tho. Tippin, arm. 



11. WILLIAM TAVERNER, Arm. This was he who, in the 
year of his sheriffalty, came to Oxford, and went up into the 
pulpit at St. Mary s with a sword by his side, and a gold chain 
about his neck ; where he made a sermon (or an oration rather) 
to the university, the stuff, or rather bombace, whereof we have 
set down in our "Ecclesiastical History." Now, though this 
was an odd act, wherein his zeal was conceived by most to tres 
pass on his discretion, yet was it borne the better in those darker 
days from a person well affected in religion, and abhorring to 

invade the ministerial function. 

18. ROBERT DOYLE, Mil. This year (if I mistake not) were 
the Black Assizes at Oxford, wherein (contrary to the common 
course) the prisoners caused the death of the judge (chief- 
baron Bell), the sheriff, some of the lawyers, many of the 
justices, and most of the jury ; besides other persons of qua 
lity there present. It was generally imputed to the stench of 
the prisoners clothes and bodies; for, whereas other offensive 
smells are open enemies, and, violently assaulting the brain, 
warn men in some sort to avoid or resist them ; a gaol-stench 
treacherously pretendeth alliance (as made of man-sweat), and 
so insinuates itself with the less suspicion and more danger into 
the spirits. 

31. WILLIAM CLARKE, Arm. He was a son, or (if the 
same with Sir William Clarke, sheriff in the 10th of king 
James), grand-child to Sir John Clarke of Northamptonshire in 
the 2 1st of king Henry the Eighth; whose arms, with the 
honourable augmentation, and the worthy cause thereof, are 
there largely described. 

36. RICHARD FIENNES, Mil. He was a worthy gentleman; 
and bred fellow (being the founder s kinsman) of New College 
in Oxford. He was also lineally descended from James lord 
Say and Sele, treasurer of England in the reign of king Henry 
the Sixth ; and, in consideration thereof, was, 1 Jacobi, created 


lord Say and Sele. He died anno domini 1612. William 
Fiennes, his eldest son, was since created viscount Say and 
Sele, and is still alive, 1661.* 


3. RICHARD WENMAX, Mil. This worthy knight was by 
king Charles the First created first baron Wenman of Chil- 
maynam in the county of Dublin, and then viscount Wenman, 
of Tuant in the county of Galway, both in the kingdom of 
Ireland, by letters patent, dated at Cambray the 25th of July, 
1628, 4 Caroli. 


As for the poorer sort of husbandmen in this county, I wish 
there may be more Sir Henry Kebles for their sakes. This 
knight (though a native of London, and lord mayor thereof) 
had such an affection for this and Warwickshire, that he singled 
out a hundred and fifty of the poorest husbandmen therein, 
and gave each of them a new plough-share and a new coulter of 
iron,f and, in my mind, that is the most charitable charity 
which enableth decayed industry to follow its vocation. 



Andrew ALLAM, divine and biographer, assisted Anthony 

Wood; born at Garsington 1655; died 1685. 
Sir Wm. BEECHEY, R.A>, celebrated painter; born at Burford 

1753; died 1839. 
William BERRIMAN, divine, author of " Sermons " born at 

Banbury 1688. 
Charles DAVENANT, political economist; born at Oxford 1656; 

died 1714. 
Sir William DAVENANT, dramatist and poet-laureat, loyalist ; 

born at Oxford 1605 ; died 1668. 
Rev. Mr. DE LA FIELD, historian of his native parish ; born at 

Hasely 1690. 
Nathaniel FIENNES, son of lord Say and Sele, parliamentarian 

officer; born at Broughton 1603; died 1669. 
John FREE, divine, political and miscellaneous writer; born at 

Oxford 1711. 
William GREENHILL, divine, commentator on Ezekiel; died 


He died 1662 ED. f Stow s Survey of London, p. 89. 

D 2 


Warren HASTINGS, for many years governor of the East Indies, 

subsequently impeached, but acquitted; born at Churchill 

1732; died 1818. 

Peter HEYLIN, sub-dean of Westminster, author of t( Cosmo 
graphy ;" bom at Burford 1600 ; died 1662. 
Sir John HOLT, patriotic lord chief justice of the King s 

Bench; born at Thame 1642; died 1709. 
Charles JENKINSON, first earl of Liverpool, statesman; born 

at Walcot 1727 ; died 1808. 
Mary LATTER, dramatist and satirist; born at Henley-upon- 

Thames 1725. 
William LENTHAL, speaker of the Long Parliament ; born at 

Henley-upon-Thames 1591 ; died 1663. 
Marchmont NEEDHAM, political writer during the civil war; 

born at Burford 1620; died 1678. 
William OLDYS, biographer and herald ; born at Adderbury 

John OWEN, independent divine, scholar and author ; born at 

Stadhampton 1616; died 1683. 

John PHILIPS, poet, author of " Cyder " and " Splendid Shil 
ling;" bom at Bampton 1676; died 1708. 
Edward POCOCKE, divine, orientialist, and archbishop Laud s 

first professor of Arabic ; born at Oxford 1604 ; died 1691. 
Thomas RANDOLPH, divine and author; died 1788. 
John Wilmot earl of ROCHESTER, wit and poet; born at 

Ditchley 1648 ; died 1680. 
Dr. John ROGERS, divine, author on " The Visible and Invisible 

Church;" born at Ensham 1679; died 1729. 
Henry ROSE, author of a philosophical essay for the re-union of 

languages; born at Pirton 17th century. 
John SIBTHORP, physician, botanist, and traveller.; born at 

Oxford 1758; died 1796. 
Edward WARD, miscellaneous writer, author of "London Spy;" 

born 1667; died 1731. 
Anthony a WOOD, industrious biographer and antiquary; born 

at Oxford 1632; died 1695. 
Benjamin WOODROFFE, Principal of Gloucester Hall, scholar ; 

born at Oxford; died 1711. 
Wm. SMITH, LL.D., naturalist and geologist; born at Churchill 

1769; died 1840. 

** Of Oxfordshire there is no complete topographical history. In 1705, how 
ever, Dr. Plot published the Natural History of the county; and in 1813 some 
general notices appeared in the Beauties of ^England and Wales, by J. N. Brewer. 
In 1823 also appeared Skelton s engraved Illustrations of Oxfordshire, with de 
scriptive and historical observations. Of the town and university various accounts 
have appeared ; as Pointer s Oxoniensis Academia (1749) ; Ant. a Wood s 
History of the University, by J. Gutch (1796) ; Skelton s Oxonia Antiqua 
Restaurata; Rev. T. Warton s History of Kiddington (1815) ; Dunkin s Histories 
of the Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley, and of Bicester, &c. (1823) ED. 


RUTLANDSHIRE is, by a double diminutive, called by Mr. 
Camden, " Angliee Provinciola minima." Indeed it is but the 
pestle of a lark, which is better than a quarter of some bigger 
bird, having the most cleanly profit in it; no place, so fair for 
the rider, being more fruitful for the abider therein. 

Banishing the fable of king Rott, and their fond conceit who 
will have Rutland so called from roet, the French word for a 
wheel, from the rotundity thereof, (being in form almost exactly 
orbicular) ; it is so termed quasi Red-land ; for as nature kept a 
dye-vat herein, a reddish tincture discoloureth the earth, stones, 
yea the very fleeces of the sheep feeding therein. If the Rabbins 
observation be true, who distinguish betwixt Arets, the general 
element of the earth, and Adamah, red ground, from which Adam 
w r as taken and named ; making the latter the former refined ; 
Rutland s soil, on the same reason, may lay claim to more than 
ordinary purity and perfection. 


Burgley on the Hill belonged formerly to the lord Harrington, 
but since so beautified with buildings by the duke of Bucking 
ham, that it was inferior to few for the house., superior to all for 
the stable , where* horses (if their pabulum so plenty as their 
stabidum stately) were the best accommodated in England. 
But, alas ! what saith Menedemus to Chremas in the comedy ? 
" Filium unicum adolescentulum habeo. Ah, quid dixi habere 
me ? imrno habui." So may Rutland say, " I have, yea I had, 
one most magnificent house : this Burgley being since demo 
lished in our civil war ;* so just was the poet s ancient invec 

"Apee, aptQ, fiporo\oiys, juicu^oVe rft)((7t7rX^ra. 
"Mars, Mars, bane of men, slaughter-stain d spoiler of houses." 

But when we have first sufficiently bemoaned the loss of so 
many worthy men in our late war, if then we have still any sor- 

* Daniel earl of Nottingham afterwards purchased this estate, and rebuilt the 
house, which has a park inclosed by a wall of five or six miles round. It has since 
belonged to the earl of Wiuchelsea. ED. 


row left, and tears to spare, we will spend them in lamenting the 
raising and ruining of so many stately structures. 


How it will appear to the reader I know not ; but it is won 
derful in my apprehension, that this county, so pleasant, so fruit 
ful, almost in the middle of England, had not one absolute or en 
tire abbey therein; producing only two small appurtenances 
(of inconsiderable value) to convents in other counties : viz. 

Okeham, under the custody of the priory of St. Anne by 
Coventry, founded by William Dalby, for two chaplains and 
twelve poor; receiving in all one and twenty pounds per annum. 

Brook, a cell to Killingworth, founded by Walkeline de Fer 
rers, baron of Okeham, for black canons, valued, at the disso 
lution, at forty-three pounds thirteen shillings and four-pence. 

The like cannot be paralleled in England, choose so great a parcel 
of good ground where you please. Shew me so fair a bunch of 
sweet grapes which had no more flies to suck them. Nor can I con 
jecture any competent cause thereof, except because Edward the 
Confessor, by his will, gave all Rutland to Westminster church ; 
which, though rescinded by king William the Conqueror, yet 
other convents perchance might be scrupulous to accept what 
once belonged to another foundation. 


" Rutland Raddleman."] 

I meet in an author * with this blazon, as he terms it, of Rut 
landshire, though I can scarcely recover the meaning thereof. 

Rod here is the same with red (only more broadly pro 
nounced) ; as RadcUffe, de rubro clivo, Redcliffe. Raddleman 
then is a Reddleman, a trade (and that a poor one) only in this 
county, whence men bring on their backs a pack of red stones, 
or ochre, which they sell to the neighbouring countries for the 
marking of sheep, well nigh as discernible (and far less hurtful 
to the wool) as pitch-brands made on their fleeces. 


ST. TIBBA. Because this county is princeless, I mean, af 
fords no royal natives, we begin with Saints ; and here almost 
we are at a loss, finding but one worshipped therein, and pro 
bably a native thereof. But seriously peruse, I pray, the words 
of our author,! speaking of Rihall, a village in this county : 

" Where, when superstition had so bewitched our ancestors, 
that the multitude of their petty saints had well near taken quite 
away the true God, one Tibba, a petty saint or goddess, reputed 
to be the tutelar patroness of Hawking, was of fowlers and fal 
coners worshipped as a second Diana." 

* Drayton s Polyolbion. f Camden s Britannia, in Rutlandshire, p. 526. 



This saint of falconers doth stive so high into the air, that my 
industry cannot fly home after the same, so as to give a good 
account thereof to the reader. All that I can retrieve of her is 
digested into these following particulars ; 

1. She was a female whose sex (dubious in the English) is 
cleared in the Latin Camden, Tibba minorum gentium Sancta.* 

2. Though gentium may import something of heathenism, 
Sancta carries it clear for Christianity ; that she was no Pagan 
deity amongst the Britons (who were not our ancestors, but pre 
decessors), but a Popish she-Saint amongst the Saxons. 

3. She could not be Saint Ebba, a virgin Saint, of whom for 
merly in Northumberland, whom the country-people nick-name 
Tabbs for St. Ebbs. 

4. My best inquiry, making use of mine own and friends in 
dustry, perusing authors proper to this purpose,t cannot meet 
with this Tibb with all our industry. 

But I will trouble myself and the reader no longer with this 
saint, which if she will not be found, even for me let her be 
lost; only observe, after that superstition had appointed saints 
to all vocations (St. Luke to painters, St. Crispin to shoemakers, 
&c.) she then began to appoint patrons to recreations; and 
surely falconers [generally] according to the popish principles, 
if any, need a saint, both to protect them in their desperate 
riding, and pray for a pardon for their profane oaths in their 


Ewpjj/ca, at last we have found it. She was no Pagan deity, 
but a Saxon saint, as plainly appeareth, because the passage 
concerning her is commanded to be expunged out of Camden by 
the Index Expurgatorius ; J bearing a pique thereat, as grating 
against their superstitious practice. The same, no doubt, with 
Tibba, virgin and anchoress, who, living at Dormundcaster, 
died with the reputation of holiness about the year 660. How 
ever, reader, I am not ashamed to suffer my former doubts and 
disquisitions still to stand, though since arrived at better infor 


WILLIAM BROWNE, Esq. twice alderman of Stamford, 
merchant of the Staple, was (as I am credibly informed) 
extracted from the ancient family of Brownes of Toll-Thorp in 
this county. He built, on his own proper cost, the beautiful 

* Though it be Diva in his first and quarto Edition, yet it is Sancta in his last. 
I mean in the text, whereon I rely, though Diva again in the margin F. 

f Caesar Baron. Not. on Martyrolog. Rom. Fran. Haraus de Vitis Sanct Laurent. 
Sur. Carthusian. Pet. de Natalib. Catal. Sanctorum, &c. 

\ Printed at Madrid, by Lewes Sanchez, anno ; 612. 

MS. de Vitis Sanctorum Mulierum Anglise .177 


steeple, with a great part of the church, of All-Saints in Stam 
ford ; and lieth therein, with his wife, buried in a chapel proper 
to his family. He also erected, anno 1493, the old Bead-house 
in that town, for a warden, confrater, twelve poor old men, 
with a nurse-woman to attend them : to this he gave the manor 
of Swayfeld (seven miles from Stamford), worth four hundred 
pounds per annum, besides divers lands and tenements else 
where. I am loath to insert, and loath to omit, what folio weth in 
my author ; viz. " That the pious and liberal gift is much abused 
by the avarice and mis-employment of the governors thereof :" : 
and charitably to presume that such faults (if any) are since, or 
will be suddenly, amended. 


JOHN HARRINGTON the elder, son to Sir James Harrington, 
was born at Exton in this county, where their ancient family 
had long flourished: a bountiful housekeeper, dividing his 
hospitality between Rutland and Warwickshire, where he had a 
fair habitation. He was one of the executors to the lady 
Frances Sidney, and a grand benefactor to the college of her 
founding in Cambridge. King James created him* baron of 
Exton ; and his lady, a prudent woman, had the princess Eliza 
beth committed to her government, When the said princess 
was married to Frederick prince Palatine, this lofd (with Henry 
Martin, doctor of the laws) was sent over to the Palatinate, to see 
her highness settled at Hidleburgh, and some formalities about 
her dowry and jointure performed. This done (as if God had 
designed this for his last work), he sickened on the first day of his 
return; and died at Wormes in Germany, on St. Bartholomew s 
day, anno Domini 1613. The lord John his son (of whom in 
Warwickshire) did not survive him a year ; both of them sig 
nally eminent, the one a pattern for all good fathers, the other 
for all gracious sons ; and pity it is the last had not issue to be 
a precedent to all grand-children : but God thought it fit, that 
here the male issue of that honourable family should expire. 


- JEFFREY was born in the parish of Okeham in this 
county, where his father was a very proper man, broad shoul 
dered and chested, though his son never arrived at a full ell in 
stature. And here we may observe Pliny s observationf not true, 
Kara wttrrot, " In plenum autem cuncto mortalium generi mi- 
norem staturam indies fieri, propemodum observatur, rarosque 
patnbua proceriores," &c. 

: seems that families sometimes are checquered, as in brains 
so in bulk, that no certainty can be concluded from such alter 

Mr. Richard Butcher, in his Survey of Stamford, p. 39. f Lib. vii, c. 16. 


His father, who kept and ordered the baiting bulls for George 
duke of Buckingham (a place, you will say, requiring a robus 
tious body to manage it), presented him, at Burleigh on the Hill, 
to the duchess of Buckingham, being then nine years of age, and 
scarce a foot and a half in height, as I am informed by credible 
persons* then and there present, and still alive. Instantly 
Jeffrey was heightened (not in stature but) in condition, from one 
degree above rags into silk and satin, and two tall men to at 
tend him. 

He was, without any deformity, wholly proportionable; 
whereas often dwarfs, pigmies in part, are giants in another. 
And yet, though the least that England ever saw, he was a pro 
per person compared to him of whom Sabinusf doth write, 
in his comment upon the Metamorphosis : 

" Vidit Italia nuper virum justa estate, non majorem cubito, 
circumferri in cavea psittaci, cujus viri meminit in suis scriptis 
Hieronymus Cardanus ;" (there was lately to be seen in Italy 
a man of a ripe age, not above a cubit high, carried about in a 
parrot s cage, of whom Hierome Cardan, in his writings, makes 

It was not long before he was presented in a cold baked pie to 
king Charles and queen Mary at an entertainment; and ever 
after lived (whilst the court lived) in great plenty therein, want 
ing nothing but humility (high mind in a low body), which made 
him that he did not know himself, and would not know his 
father, and which by the king s command caused justly his sound 
correction. He was, though a dwarf, no dastard ; a captain of 
horse in the king s army in these late civil wars, and afterwards 
went over to wait on the queen in France. 

Here being provoked by Mr. Crofts, who accounted him the 
object not of his anger but contempt, he shewed to all, that 
habet mnsca suum splenum ; and they must be little indeed that 
cannot do mischief, especially seeing a pistol is a pure leveller, 
and puts both dwarf and giant into equal capacity to kill and 
be killed. For the shooting the same Mr. Crofts he was im 
prisoned. And so I take my leave of Jeffrey, the least man of 
the least county in England. 




William bishop of Lincoln, and William de Souche de Harring- 
worth, chevalier ; Thomas Grenham, and William Beaufo, 
(knights of the shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Johannes Basings de Empyng- Johannes Colepepar de Ex- 
ham, mil. ton, mil. 

* John Armstrong of Cb.esb.uut. f Lib. vi. fab. 19. 



Henricus Plesington de Bur- 
ley, mil. 
Robertas Browne de Wode- 

head, arm. 
Robertus Davis de Tykencoat, 

Johannes Browne de Tygh, 

Johannes Plesington de Wis- 

senden, arm. 

Thomas Flore de Oakham,arm. 
Franciscus Clerke de Stoke- 

dry, arm. 
Johannes Chycelden de Bram- 

eston, arm. 
Johannes Sapcoat de Keton, 

Robertus Whitwell de eadem, 

Johannes Clerk de Wissenden, 

Willielmus Lewis de Oakham, 

Johannes Brigge de eadem, 


Joh. Basset de North Luffen- 
ham, gent. 

Jacobus Palmer de eadem, 

Johannes Palmer de eadem, 

Willielmi Sheffeild de Seyton, 

Johannes Sadington de eadem, 

Rob. Sousex de Market Over- 
ton, gent. 

Johannes Vowe de Whitwell, 

Willielmus Pochon de Wis 
senden, gent. 

Willielmus Swafeld de Braun- 
ston, gent. 

Henricus Breton de Keton, 

Willielmus Uffington de Pil- 
ton, gent. 

Thomas Luffenham de Winge. 


It remaineth now that we give in a list of the sheriffs of this 
shire ; and here Rutland conceiveth it to sound to her credit, 
that whereas other shires ten times bigger than this (viz. Nor 
folk and Suffolk) had but one sheriff betwixt them ; this little 
county never took hands to hold with a partner, but had always 
an entire sheriff to itself; though anciently the same person 
(generally honourable) discharged the office for many years to 
gether, as by the ensuing catalogue will appear. 

Richard de Humet, from 10 to 26 Henry II. 

William Molduit, 26 Henry II. to 1 Rich. I. 

Anna Brigg dispensat. 1 to 2 Rich. I. 

William Albeney et William Fresney, 2 to 9 Rich I. 

William Albevine solus, 9 Rich. I. to 1 king John. 

Benedic. de Haversham, 1 to 2 king John. 

Robert Malduit, 2 to 5 king John. 

Ralph Normanvill, 5 to 12 king John. 

Robert de Braibro et Henry filius ejus, 12 king John to 2 

Henry III. 

Alan Basset, 2 to 12 Henry III. 
Jeffrey de Rokingham, 12 to 38 Henry III. 
Ralph de Grenehaml, 38 to 43 Henry III. 


Anketyn de Markinal, 43 Henry III. to one Edw. I. 

Peter Wakervill et William Bovile, 1 to 9 Edw. I. 

Alberic de Whitleber, 9 to 17 Edw. I. 

Edmund earl of Cornwall, 17 to 29 Edw. I. 

John Burley, 29 to 30 Edw. I. 

Marg. widow to Edmund earl of Cornwall, 30 Edw. I. to 6 

Edw. II. 
Marg. widow of Pierce Gavester earl of Cornwall, 6 to 9 

Edw. II. 

Hugo de Audley, 9 to 17 Edw. II. 
Edmund earl of Kent, brother to the king, 17 Edw. II. to 

1 Edw. III. 

Hugo de Audley earl of Gloucester, 1 to 22 Edw. III. 
William de Bohun earl of Northampton, 22 to 33 Edw. III. 
William Wade, 33 to 38 Edw III. 
Humphrey de Bohun, 38 to 47 Edw. III. 
John de Witlesbrough, 47 to 49 Edw. III. 
Simon Ward, 49 Edw. III. to 1 Rich. II. 


Anno Name, and Arms. Place. 

1 Joh. Wittlebury. 

2 Tho. de Burton. 

Az. a fess betwixt three talbots heads erased O. 

3 Joh. Basings. 

4 Will. Moorwood. 

5 Joh. de Wittlesbury. 

6 Will. Flore .... Okeham. 

Ermine, a cinquefoil Erm. 

7 Walt. Skarle. 

8 Joh. de Calveley. 

9 Rob. de Veer. 

Quarterly G. and O. in the first a mullet Arg. 

10 Idem ut prius. 

11 Joh. Wittlebury. 

12 Walt. Skarles. 

13 Edw. Comes Rutland, 

for eight years. 

Quarterly France and England ; a label Arg. charged 
with nine torteauxs. 

21 Tho. Ondeley. 

22 Idem. 


(Recorda manca all this king s reign.) 


1 Tho. Ondeley. 


Anno Name. Place. 

2 Jac. Sellers. 

Party per pale, G. and S. a lion ramp. Arg. crowned O. 

3 Joh. Boyvill. 

G. a fess O. betwixt three saltires humet Arg. 

4 Tho. Burton, mil. . . ut prius. 

5 Rob. Browne. 

6 Rob. Chisdden. 

7 Joh. Pensax. 

8 Tho. Burton, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Idem A. . . . . . ut prius. 


1 Tho. Burton . . . . ut prius. 

2 Joh. Ondeby. 

3 Joh. Davies, mil. . . Tickencote. 

4 Joh. Colepeper . . . Exton. 

Arg. on a bend engrailed G. 

5 Hen. Plessington, mil. , Burley. 

Az. on a cross patee betwixt four martlets Arg. 

6 Tho. Burton, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Joh. Denys. 

8 Joh. Colepeper . . . ut prius. 

9 Tho. Flore .... ut prius. 

10 Hen. Plesington, mil. . ut prius. 

11 Joh. Boy vile .... ut prius. 

12 Will. Beaufo. 

Erm. on a bend Az. three cinquefoils O. 

13 Rob. Davies, et 
Joh. Pilton. 

14 Joh. Branspath. 

15 Hugo. Boy vile . . . ut prius. 

16 Laur. Sherard. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt. three torteaux. 

17 Will. Beaufo .... ut prius. 

18 Tho. Burton .... ut prius. 

19 Hen. Plesington, mil. . ut prius. 

20 Tho. Flore .... ut prius. 

21 Will. Beaufo .... ut prius. 

22 Tho. Barkeley. 

G. a chevron betwixt ten cinquefoils Arg. 

23 Joh. Basings, mil. 

24 Will. Walker. 

25 Joh. Boyvile .... ut prius. 

26 Wil. Haselden. 

27 Hugo Boyvile . . . . ut prius. 

28 Rob. Fenne. 

Arg. on a fess Az. three escalop- shells of the first, a bor 
der engrailed as the second. 


Anno Name. Place. 

29 Tho. Floure .... ut prius. 

30 Will, Heton. 

31 Rob. Sherard . ... ut prius. 

32 Rob. Fenne . . . . ut prius. 

33 Will. Beaufo ut prius. 

34 Will. Haselden. 

35 Tho. Flore, ar. ... ut prius. 

36 Tho. Dale. 

37 Rob. Fenne .... ut prius. 

38 Everard Digby . . . Dry stoke. 

Az. a flower-de-luce Arg. 


1 Joh. Francis. 

2 Tho. Palmer. 

3 Idem. 

4 WilL Greenham, arm. 

5 Tho. Flore, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Ric. Sopcotts, mil. 

S. three dove-cots Arg. 

7 Will. Browne . . . Tolethorp. 

S. three mallets Arg. 

8 Galfr. Sherard . . . ut prius. 

9 Joh, Dale, arm. 

10 Tho. Flore, arm. . . . ut prius. 

11 Brian. Talbot, arm. 

12 Tho. Berkley, mil. . . ut prius. 

13 Will. Haselden. 

14 Joh. Pilton, arm. 

15 Will. Browne . . . ut prius, 

16 Joh. Sapcote .... ut prius. 

17 David Malpas. 

Arg. a cross patee Az. 

18 Hen. Mackworth . . Normanton. 

Per pale indented Erm. and S. a chevron G. frettee O. 

19 Joh. Pilton. 

20 Galf. Sherard . . . ut prius. 

21 Will. Palmer. 

22 David Malpas . . . ut prius. 


1 Will. Browne .... Stamford. 

Arms, ut prius. 

2 Galf. Sherard . . . ut prius. 

3 Joh. Pilton. 


1 Everard. Digby . . Martinsthorpe. 
Arg. on a fess Az. three lozenges O. 





2 Will. Browne . . 

3 David Malpas . . 

4 Maur. Berkley . . 

5 Tho. Sapcots . . 

6 Joh. Digby, mil. 

7 Rob. Harrington, arm. 

S. a frettee Arg. 

8 Christoph, Browne . 

9 Joh. Pilton. 

10 Tho. Sherard . . . 

11 Tho. Sapcots, arm. . 

12 Geo. Mackworth . . 

13 Rob. Harrington, arm. 

14 Everard Digby, arm. 

15 Joh. Chisleden. 

16 Christ. Browne, arm. . 

17 Joh. Digby .... 

18 Joh. Harrington 

19 Maur. Berkley . . . 

20 Will. Pole. 

21 Tho. Sherard .... 

22 Ric. Flowre, arm. 

23 John Coly, arm. 

24 Ever. Feilding, mil. . . 

Arg. on a fess Az. three 


1 Christ. Browne, arm. 

2 Edw. Sapcote .... 

3 Geo. Mackworth, arm. . 

4 Joh. Harrington, arm. . 

5 Everard Digby, arm. 

6 Tho. Brokesby, arm. 

7 Joh. Caldecott. 

8 Joh. Harrington . . . 

9 Joh. Digby, mil. . . 

10 Everard. Digby, arm. . 

1 1 Will. Fielding, arm. 

12 Jo. Harington, jun. arm. 

13 Jo. Harington, sen. arm. 

14 Geo. Mackworth, arm, . 

15 Joh. Digby, mil. . . 

16 Fran. Browne, arm. 

17 Joh. Caldecot, arm. 

18 Will. Filding, arm. . . 

19 Edw. Sapcots .... 

20 Everard. Digby, mil. . 


ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

ut prius. 

ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

ut prius. 
ut prius, 

Martin sthorpe. 
fusils O. 

ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

ut prius. 
ut prius. 
nt prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

21 Edw. Catesby, arm. 

Arg. two lions passant S. crowned Or. 

22 Geo. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius. 

23 Edw. Sapcots, arm. . . ut prius. 

24 Everard. Digby, mil. . ut prius. 

25 Job. Harington, arm. . ut prius. 

26 Geo. Mackworth, arm. . nt prius. 

27 Edw. Sapcots, arm. . . ut prius. 

28 Andr. Nowell, arm. . . Brooke. 

O. a frettee G. a canton Erm. 

29 Tho. Burdenell, arm. . ut prius. 

30 Fr. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius. 

31 Rich. Cecell, arm. 

Barry of ten Arg. and Az. on six escutcheons S. as many 
lions rampant of the first. 

32 Job. Harington, mil. , ut prius. 

33 Kenelm. Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

34 Edw. Sapcots, arm . . ut prius. 

35 Fra. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius. 

36 Geo. Sherard, arm. . . ut prius. 

37 Anth. Browne, arm . . ut prius. 

38 Edw. Sapcots, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Anth. Colly, arm. 

2 Simon Digby, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Kenelm Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Andr. Noell, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Anth. Colly, arm. 

6 Job. Harrington, mil. . ut prius. 

7 Jac. Harington, arm. . ut prius. 


1 Kenelm. Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

2 Simon. Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

3 Fra. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius, 

4 Andr. Noell, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Anth. Browne, arm. . ut prius. 

6 Edw. Brudenell, arm. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three caps Az. turned up 


1 Anth. Colly, arm. 

2 Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

3 Kenelm. Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Geo. Sherard, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Will. Caldecot, arm. 


Anno Name. Place. 

6 Geo. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius. 

7 Job. Floure, arm. . . ut prius. 
S Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 
9 Kenelm. Digby, arm. . ut prius. 

10 Antb. Colly, arm. 

11 Job. Floure, arm. . . ut prius. 

12 Maur. Berkley, arm. . ut prius. 

13 Anth. Browne . . . ut prius. 

14 Geo. Mackworth, arm. ut prius. 

15 Tho. Cony, arm. 

S. a bar and two barrulets betwixt three comes currant 


16 Rob. Sapcots, arm. . . ut prius. 

17 Will. Caldecot, arm. 

18 Anth. Colly, arm. 

19 Job. Flour e, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

21 Micb. Catesby, arm. . ut prius. 

22 Geo. Mackworth, arm. ut prius. 

23 Will. Feilding, arm. . ut prius. 

24 Roger. Smith, arm. . . LEICESTERSHIRE. 

G. on a chev. O. betwixt three bezants three croslets 
formee fitchee. 

25 Anth. Colley, arm. 

26 Tho. Coney, arm. . . ut prius. 

27 Kenelm, Digby . . . ut prius. 

28 Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. > 

29 Andr. Nowell, mil. . . ut prius. 

30 Geo. Sheffield, arm. . Seaton. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three garbs G. 

31 Rob. Sapcots, arm. . . ut prius. 

32 Hen. Harenten, arm. . ut prius, 

33 Will. Fielding, arm. . ut prius. 

34 Roger. Smith, arm. . . ut prius. 

35 Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

36 Job. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

37 Andr, Nowell, mil. . . ut prius. 

38 Will. Fielding, arm. . ut prius. 

39 Hen. Ferrers, arm. 

Arg. on a bend G. cotised S. three horse-shoes Arg. 

40 Job. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

41 Tho. Mackworth, arm. ut prius. 

42 Andr. Nowell, mil. . . ut prius. 

43 Jac. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 

44 Job. Harington, mil. . ut prius. 


1 Will. Bodendin, arm. 


Anno Name. Place. 

2 Will. Boulstred, mil. 

3 Basil. Feilding, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Hen. Barkley, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Guido Palmes, mil. 

6 Edw. Nowell, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Tho. Mackworth, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Will. Halford, arm. . . LEICESTERSHIRE. 

Arg. a greyhound passant ; on a chief S. three flowers-de- 
luce of the field. 

9 Joh. Elmes, arm. . . North H. 

Erm. two bars S. each charged with five elm-leaves trans 
posed O. 

10 Rob. Lane, mil. 

11 Anth. Andrews, arm. 

12 Fran. Bodinden, arm. 

13 Ed. Noell, mil. et bar. . ut prius. 

14 Rich. Cony, mil. . . . ut prius. 

15 Guido Palmes, mil. 

16 Abr. Johnson, arm. 

17 Rich, Halford, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Anth. Colley, arm. 

19 Ed .Harrington, mil. et bar. Ridlington. 

Arms, ut prius. 

20 Rob. Lane, mil. 

21 Rob. Tredway, arm. 

22 Joh. Osborne, arm. 

Quarterly, Erm. and Az. a cross O, 


1 Guido Palmes, mil. 

2 Will. Gibson, mil. 

3 Hen. Mackworth, arm. ut prius. 

4 Ever. Fawkener, arm. 

5 Joh. Huggeford, arm. 

6 Joh. Wingfeild, mil. 

Arg. a bend G. cotised S. three wings of the first. 

7 Ric. Halford, arm. . . ut prius. 

8 Anth. Colley, mil. 

9 Ric. Hickson, arm. 

10 Fran. Bodington, mil. 

11 Hen. Mynne, mil. 

12 Ed. Harrington, mil. et b. ut prius. 

13 Edw. Andrews, arm. 

14 Joh. Barker, arm. 

15 Tho. Levett, arm. 

16 Rob. Horsman, arm. . Stretton. 

17 Tho. Wayte, arm. 

VOL. in. E 


Anno Name. Place - 



22 Abel Barker. 


16. CHRISTOPHER BROWNE, Arm. This sheriff came over 
with king Henry the Seventh, and assisted him against Richard 
the Third; for which good service king Henry the 
granted to Francis Browne (son of our sheriff), of council 
the lady Margaret, the following patent : . 

Henricus Octavus, Dei graciu Angliae et Francite rex, tide 
defensor, et dominus Hibernice, omnibus ad quos praesentes lit 
ter pervenient, salutem. Sciatis qu6d nos de gratia nostra 
speciali concessimus pro nobis et heredibus nostns, quantum 
in nobis est, dilecto nostro Francisco Browne, armigero, quoi 
ipse ad totam vitam suam non ponatur, impanelletur, nee jure- 
tur, in assisis juratis inquisitionibus attinctis, seu alus recogni- 
tionibus aut juratis quibuscunque, licet ille seu eorum aliquis 
tangant nos vel heredes nostros, ac licet nos vel herdes nostri 
soli aut conjunctim cum aliis sit una pars. Concessimus etiam, 
ac per presentes concedimus eidem Francisco, quod ipse 
cetero non fiat Vicecomes nee Escaetor nostri vel heredum nos- 
trorum in aliquo comitatu regni nostri Anglite : et quod ipse ad 
offic. vie. escaetoris superius recitat. habend. exercend. faciend. 
recipiend. aut occupand. -ullo modo per. nos vel heredes nostros 
assignet, ordinet. seu compellet. aut aliqualit. artet. ullo modo 
nee ad ascend, jurat, super aliqua triatione, arrainatione alicujus 
assisae coram quibuscunq; justic. nostris vel heredum nostro- 
rum ad assisas capiend. assign, aut aliis justic. quibuscunque^; 
et quod non ponatur nee impanelletur in aliqua magna assisa 
infra regni nostri Angliae inter partes quascunque contra 
voluntatem suam, licet nos vel heredes nostri sit una pars. Et 
ulterius de abundanciori gratia nostra concessimus prsefato 
Francisco, quod si ipse ad aliqua officia superdict. seu aliquod 
preemissorum eligat. ipseq; et officia superdict. recusavit, extunc 
idem Franciscus aliquem contemptum deperdit. prenam foris- 
factur. aut aliquos exutos fines, redemptiones seu amerciament. 
quaecunq; occasione omissionis sive non omissionis aut alicujus 
eorundem, nullatenus incurrat forisfaciat aut perdet ; sed quod 
preesens carta nostra de exemptione coram quibuscunq; justic. 
nostra et hered. nostri. ac in quocunq; loco aut curia de record, 
per totum regnum nostrum preedict. super demonstratione ejus- 
dem chartse nostrae, absq; aliquo brevi prsecept. seu mandat. 
aut aliquo alio superinde habend. seu persequend. vel aliqua 
proclamatione faciend. prsefato Francisco allocetur. Concessi 
mus etiam, et per praesentes concedimus eidem Francisco, quod 
ipse de cetero durante vita sua in praesentia nostra aut hered. 


nostrorum, aut in preesentia alicujus sive aliquorum magnatum, 
dominorum spiritualium vel temporalium, aut aliquorum alio- 
rum regni nostri quorumcunq; quibuscunq; temporibus futuris 
pileo sit co-opertus capite, et non exuat aut deponat pileurn suum 
a capite suo occasione vel causa quacunq; contra voluntatem 
aut placitum suum. Et ideo vobis omnibus et singulis, aut qui- 
buscunque justic. judicibus, vicecomitibus, escaetoribus, coro- 
natoribus, majoribus, preepositis ballivis, et aliis officiariis, et 
ministris nostris et hered. nostrorum firmiter irijungendo man 
damus, quod ipsum Franciscum contra hanc concessionem 
nostr. et contra tenorem exigent, aut effect, preesent. non vex- 
etis, perturb, molest, in aliquo seu gravetis. In cujus rei tes- 
tim. has literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Teste meipso 
apud Westm. sexto die Julii, anno regni nostri decimo octavo. 
" Per ipsum Regem, et de dat. praedict. authoritate Parlia- 

Tolethorpe (the chief place of residence at this day of Chris 
topher Browne, esquire, who hath borne the office of sheriff in 
this county, 1647,) was by deed conveyed unto John Browne, 
from Thomas Burton, knight, in the fiftieth year of king 
Edward the Third. 

I meet with a Browne, lord mayor of London 1479 j the son 
of John Browne of Okeham. 


Let not the inhabitants of Rutland complain, that they are 
pinned up within the confines of a narrow county ; seeing the 
goodness thereof equals any shire in England for fertility of 
ground : but rather let them thank God, who hath cast their lot 
into so pleasant a place, giving them a goodly heritage. 


Thomas BARKER, philosophical and theological writer; born at 

Lyndon, 1722; died 1809. 
Gilbert CLERKE, learned mathematician, Grecian, and biblical 

scholar ; born 1626 ; died 1697. 
Vincent WING, mathematician, author of almanac called by 

his name ; born at Luffenham 1619 ; died 1669. 

%* The principal Works relative to this County, since the time of Fuller, are the 
History and Antiquities of Rutland, by Mr. James Wright (1684); and another 
W T ork recently published by Mr. Tho. Blore. The twelfth volume of the Beauties 
of England and Wales also contains some useful information El). 

E 2 


SHROPSHIRE hath Cheshire on the north ; Staffordshire on 
the east ; Worcester, Hereford, and Radnor-shires on the south ; 
Montgomery and Denbigh-shires on the west. The length 
thereof from north to south is 34 miles, and the general breadth 
thereof about 26 miles. I behold it really (though not so re 
puted) the biggest land-lock-shire in England : for although, 
(according to Mr. Speed s measuring) it gathereth but one hun 
dred thirty-four miles (short of Wiltshire by five) in circum 
ference ; yet, though less in compass, it may be more in content, 
as less angular in my eye, and more approaching to a circle, the 
form of greatest capacity : a large and lovely county, generally 
fair and fruitful, affording grass, grain, and all things necessary 
for man s sustenance, but chiefly abounding with 


It is the most impure of metals, hardly meltable but with 
additaments ; yea malleable and ductible with difficulty. Not 
like that at Damascus, which they refine in such sort, that it 
will melt at a lamp, and yet so tough that it will hardly break.* 

Some impute the grossness of our English iron to our water, 
not so proper for that purpose as in Spain and other parts ; and 
the poet telleth us of Turnus s sword. 

Ensem quern Davno igni potens Deus ipse parenti 
Fecerat, et Stygid. candentem extinxerat undft..^ 

" Sword which god Vulcan did for Daunus fix, 
And quenched it when fiery hot in Styx." 

However, many utensils are made of the iron of this county, 
to the great profit of the owners, and no loss (I hope) of the 
commonwealth . 


One may observe a threefold difference in our English coal ; 
1. Sea-coal, brought from Newcastle ; 2. Land-coal, at Mendip, 

Bellovius. f Virgil, ^iEneid xii. 


Bedworth, &c. and carted into other counties; 3, What one may 
call River or Fresh-water coal, digged out in this county, at such 
a distance from Severn, that they are easily ported by boat into 
other shires. 

Oh if this coal could be so charcked as to make iron melt 
out of the stone, as it maketh it in smiths* forges to be wrought 
in the bars. 

But " Rome was not built all in one day ;" and a new 
world of experiments is left to the discovery of posterity. 


This county can boast of no one, her original, but may be 
glad of one to her derivative ; viz. the Welsh Friezes brought 
to Oswestry, the staple of that commodity, as hereafter shall 
be observed. 


No county in England hath such a heap of castles together, 
insomuch that Shropshire may seem on the west, divided from 
Wales with a wall of continued castles. It is much that Mr. 
Speed, which alloweth but one hundred and eighty-six in all 
England,* accounteth two and thirty in this county. f But as 
great guns, so useful in the side of a ship, are useless in the 
middle thereof; so these castles, formerly serviceable whilst 
Shropshire was the verge of English dominions, are now neg 
lected, this shire being almost in the middest of England, since 
Wales was peaceably annexed thereunto. As for the houses 
of the gentry of this county, as many of them are fair and hand 
some, so none amount to an extraordinary eminence, 


There is a spring at Pitchford, in this shire, which hath an 
oily unctuous matter swimming upon the water thereof. Indeed 
it is not in such plenty as in a river near to Solos in Cilicia,f 
so full of that liquid substance, that such as wash therein seem 
anointed with oil ; nor so abundant as in the springs near the 
Cape of St. Helen, wherewith (as Josephus Acosta reports) men 
use to pitch their ropes and tackling. I know not whether the 
sanative virtue thereof hath been experimented; but am sure 
that, if it be bitumen, it is good to comfort the nerves, supple 
the joints, dry up rheums, cure palsies and contractions. I 
have nothing more to say of bitumen, but that great the affinity 
thereof is with sulphur, save that sulphur hath ingression into 
metal, and bitumen none at all. Here I purposely pass by 

* See his Map General of England. 

* See his Description of Shropshire. 

+ Agricola de Natura, &c.lib. 1. cap. 7. 


Okenyate in this county,* where are alum springs, whereof the 
dyers of Shrewsbury make use instead of alum. 


" He that fetcheth a wife from Shrewsbury must carry her into Staffordshire, 
or else shall live in Cumberland."] 

The staple-wit of this vulgar proverb, consisting solely in si 
militude of sound, is scarce worth the inserting. Know then 
that (notwithstanding the literal allusion) Shrewsbury affordeth 
as many meek wives as any place of the same proportion. Be 
sides, a profitable shrew well may content a reasonable man, 
the poets feigning Juno chaste and thrifty, qualities which com 
monly attend a shrewd nature. One being demanded, " How 
much shrewishness may be allowed in a wife ? " " Even so 
much," said he, " as of hops in ale ; " whereof a small quantity 
maketh it both last the longer in itself, and taste the better to 
the owner thereof/ 

" The case is altered, quoth Plowden."] 

This proverb referreth its original to Edmund Plowden, an 
eminent native and great lawyer of this county, though very va 
rious the relations of the occasion thereof. Some relate it to 
Plowden s faint pleading at the first for his client, till spurred 
on with a better fee ; which, some will say, beareth no propor 
tion with the ensuing character of his integrity. Others refer 
it to his altering of his judgment upon the emergency of new 
matter formerly undiscovered ; it being not constancy, but ob 
stinacy, to persist in an old error, when convinced to the con 
trary by clear and new information. Some tell it thus, that Plow 
den being of the Romish persuasion, some setters trepanned 
him (pardon the prolepsis) to hear mass. But afterwards Plow 
den understanding that the pretender to officiate was no priest, 
but a mere layman (on design to make a discovering)// Oh the 
case is altered," quoth Plowden: "no priest, no mass." As 
for other meaner origination of this proverb, I have neither list 
nor leisure to attend unto them. 


RICHARD PLANTAGENET, second son to Edward the Fourth 
and Elizabeth his queen, was born at Shrewsbury 1472.f He 
was created by his father duke of York, and affianced to Anne, 
daughter and heir to John Mowbray duke of Norfolk. But, 
before the nuptials were solemnized, his cruel uncle, the duke of 
Gloucester, married him to a grave in the Tower of London. 
The obscurity of his burial gave the advantage to the report, 
that he lived in Perkin Warbeck, one of the idols which put 
politic king Henry the Seventh to some danger, and more trou 
ble, before he could finally suppress him. 

1 D. Jordan of Mineral Baths, p. 26. f Stow s Chronicle, p. 703. 


GEORGE PLANTAGENET, youngest son to Edward the Fourth 
and Elizabeth his queen, was born at Shrewsbury.* He was 
like Plautus s Solstitial flower, " qui repentino ortus, repentino 
occidit," dying in the infancy of his infancy. Some vainly con 
ceive (such conjectures may be safely shot, when nobody can 
see whether they hit or miss the mark) that, had this George 
survived, he would have secured the lives of his two elder bre 
thren, whose uncle duke Richard durst not cut through the three 
fold cable of royal issue ; a vain surmise, seeing when tyrants 
hands are once washed in blood, two or three are all one with 
their cruelty. 


MILBURGH, daughter to Meroaldus prince of Mercia, had 
the fair manor of Wenlock in this county given to her by her 
father for her portion. She, quitting all worldly wealth, be 
stowed her inheritance on the poor, and answered her name of 
Milburgh, which (as an antiquary f interpreteth) is good or gra 
cious, to town and city. Living a virgin, she built a monastery 
in the same place ; and departed this life about the year 664. 

Four hundred years after, in the reign of William the Con 
queror, her corpse (discovered by miracles wrought thereby) 
was taken up sound and uncorrupted, to the admiration of the 
beholders (saith my author J) ; and surely, had I seen the same, 
I would have contributed my share of wondering thereunto. 
This I am sure of, that as good a Saint, Lazarus by name, by 
the confession of his own sister, did stink when but four days 
buried. Her relics, enshrined at Wenlock, remained there in 
great state, till routed in the reign of king Henry the Eighth. 

OSWALD was king of Northumberland, who, after many fortu 
nate battles fought, was vanquished and slain at last by Penda, 
the Pagan king of the Mercians, at a place in this county, called 
after his name, Oswaldstre (now a famous market town in the 
Marshes) ; thereby procuring to his memory the reputation of 
saint and martyr. 

Be pleased, reader, to take notice, that all battles of this na 
ture, though there were quarrels or armed suits, commenced on 
a civil or temporal account, for the extending or defending their 
dominions ; yet were they conceived (in that age especially) to 
have a mixture of much piety and Church concernment therein, 
because fought against infidels, and so conducing consequen 
tially to the propagation of the faith ; the reason that all kings, 
killed in such service, achieved to themselves the veneration of 
saints and martyrs. Say not that king Saul|| might be sainted on 
the same account, mortally wounded in a pitched field fought 

* Stow s Chronicle, p. 703. f Verstegan, p. 265. 

% The English Martyrology, on the 13th day of February. John xi. 39. 

II 1 Samuel xxxi. 3. 


against the uncircumcised Philistines ; both because in fine he 
slew himself, and his former life was known to be notoriously 
wicked ; whereas our .Oswald was always pious, and exceedingly 
charitable to the poor. 

His arm, cut off, it seems from the rest of his body, remained, 
said Bede, whole and incorrupt, kept in a silver case in St. Pe 
ter s church at Bamborough, whilst his corpse was first buried 
at Peterborough, and afterwards (in the Danish persecution) trans 
lated to Bergen in Flanders,* where it still remainetk 

The fifth of August was, in our calendar, consecrated to his 
memory, save that the thanksgiving for the defeating of Gowrie s 
conspiracy made bold to justle him out all the reign of king 
James. His death happened anno Domini 635. 


This county afforded none, as the word is re-confined in our 
preface. But, if it be a little enlarged, it bringeth within the 
compass thereof. 

THOMAS GATAKER, younger son to William Gataker, was who 
a branch of an ancient family, so firmly planted by Divine Provi 
dence at Gatacre-hall in this county, that they have flourished the 
owners thereof, by a non-interrupted succession, from the time of 
king Edward the Confessor, f This Thomas being designed a 
student for the law, was brought up in the Temple, where, in the 
reign of queen Mary, he was often present at the examination of 
persecuted people. Their hard usage made him pity their per 
sons, and admirable patience to approve their opinions. This 
was no sooner perceived by his parents (being of the old per 
suasion) but instantly they sent him over to Louvain in the Low 
Countries, to win him to compliance to the Popish religion ; 
and, for his better encouragement, settled on him an estate of 
one hundred pound per annum, old rent. All would not do. 
Whereupon his father recalled him home, and revoked his own 
grant ; to which his son did submit, as unwilling to oppose the 
pleasure of his parents, though no such revocation could take effect 
without his free consent. He afterwards diverted his mind from 
the most profitable to the most necessary study ; from law to 
divinity : and, finding friends to breed him in Oxford, he be 
came the profitable pastor of St. Edmond s in Lombard Street, 
London, where he died anno 1593, leaving Thomas Gataker, his 
learned son (of whom formerly J) heir to his pains and piety. 

ROBERT of SHREWSBURY was, in the reign of king John 

* English Martyrology, J65. 

f Narrative of the life of Thomas Gataker, junior, after the Sermon preached at 
his funeral. 

J: Vide LEARNED WRITERS, in London. 


(but I dare not say by him), preferred bishop of Bangor, 1197- 
Afterwards the king, waging war with Leoline prince of Wales, 
took this bishop prisoner in his own cathedral church, and en 
joined him to pay three hundred hawks * for his ransom. Say 
not that it was improper that a man of peace should be ransomed 
with birds of prey, seeing the bishop had learnt the rule, " Re- 
dime te captum quam queas minimo." Besides, 300 hawks 
will not seem so inconsiderable a matter to him that hath 
read how in the reign of king Charles an English nobleman 
(taken prisoner at the Isle Ree t) was ransomed for a brace of 
grey hounds. 

Such who admire where the bishop on a sudden should fur 
nish himself with a stock of such fowl, will abate of their won 
der, when they remember that about this time the men of 
Norway, (whence we have the best hawks), under Magnus their 
general, had possessed themselves of the neighbouring Island of 
Anglesea.J Besides, he might stock himself out of the eyres of 
Pembrokeshire, where perigrines did plentifully breed. How 
ever, this bishop appeareth something humorous by one pas 
sage in his will, wherein he gave order that his body should be 
buried in the middle of the market-place || of Shrewsbury. Im 
pute it not to his profaneness and contempt of consecrated 
ground ; but either to his humility, accounting himself unworthy 
thereof; or to his prudential foresight, that the fury of soldiers 
(during the intestine war betwixt the English and Welsh) would 
fall fiercest on churches, as the fairest market ; and men, 
preferring their profit before their piety, would preserve their 
market places, though their churches were destroyed. He died 
anno 1215. 

ROBERT BURNEL was son to Robert, and brother to Hugh 
lord Burnel, whose prime seat was at Acton-Burnel castle in 
this county. He was, by king Edward the First, preferred 
bishop of Bath and Wells ; and first treasurer, then chancellor, of 
England. He was well versed in the Welsh affairs, and much 
used in managing them ; and, that he might the more effec 
tually attend such employment, caused the court of chancery to 
be kept at Bristol.^ He got great wealth, wherewith he en 
riched his kindred, and is supposed to have rebuilt the decayed 
castle of Acton-Burnel on his own expence. And, to decline 
envy for his secular structures left to his heirs, he built for his 
successors the beautiful hall at Wells, the biggest room of any 
bishop s palace in England, plucked down by Sir John Gabos 
(afterwards executed for treason) in the reign of king Edward 
the Sixth. 

Bp. Godwin, in his Bishops of Bangor. 

H. L Estrange, in the History of king Charles. 

t Camden s Britannia, in Anglesea. Idem, in Pembrokeshire. 

|| Bishop Godwin, in Bishops of Bangor. *[ Camden s Britannia, in 


English and Welsh affairs being settled to the king s con 
tentment, he employed bishop Burnell in some business about 
Scotland, in the Marshes, whereof he died anno Domini 1292 ; 
and his body, solemnly brought many miles, was buried in his 
own cathedral. 

WALTER de WENLOCK, abbot of Westminster, was, no 
doubt, so named from his nativity in a market-town in this 
county. I admire much that Matthew of Westminster writeth 
him William de Wenlock, and that a monk of Westminster 
should (though not miscall) mis-name the abbot thereof. He 
was treasurer of England to king Edward the first, betwixt the 
twelfth and fourteenth year of his reign; and enjoyed his 
abbot s office six and twenty years, lacking six days.* He died 
on Christmas day, at his manor of Periford in Gloucestershire, 
1307 5 and was buried at his church in Westminster, beside the 
high-altar before the Presbytery, without the south door of king 
Edward s shrine, where " Abbas Walterus non fuit Austerus " 
is part of his epitaph. 

RALPH of SHREWSBURY, born therein, was, in the third of 
king Edward the Third, preferred bishop of Bath and Wells. 
Being consecrated without the Pope s privity (a daring adven 
ture in those days) he paid a large sum to expiate his presump 
tion therein. He was a good benefactor to his cathedral, and 
bestowed on them a chest, portcullis-like, barred with iron, 
able to hold out a siege in the view of such as beheld it. But, 
what is of proof against sacrilege ? Some thieves (with what 
engines unknown) in the reign of queen Elizabeth forced it 

But this bishop is most memorable for erecting and endow 
ing a spacious structure for the vicars-choral of his cathedral to 
inhabit together, which in an old picture is thus presented: 


Per vicos positi villee, pater alme, rogamus 
Ut simul uniti, te dante domos, maneamus. 

" To us dispers d i th streets, good father, give 
A place where we together all may live. 


Vestra petunt merita quad sinl concessn petita, 
Ut maneatis ita, lo cafecimus heec stabilita. 

" Your merits crave, that what you crave be yielded, 
That so you may remain, this place we ve builded. 

Having now made such a palace (as I may term it) for his vicars, 
he was (in observation of a proportionable distance) necessitated 
in some sort to enlarge the bishop s seat, which he beautified 

* Register of Westminster Abbey. 

f Godwin, in the Bishops of Bath and Wells. 


and fortified castle-wise, with great expence. He much ingra 
tiated himself with the country people by disforesting Mendip ; 
beef better pleasing the husbandman s palate than venison. 
He sat bishop thirty- four years ; and, dying August 14, 1363, 
lieth buried in his cathedral, where his statue is done to the 
life ; " Vivos viventes vultus vividissime exprimens," saith my 

ROBERT MASCAL, was bred (saith Bale in) and born (saith 
Pitsf positively) at Ludlow in this county, where he became a 
Carmelite. Afterwards he studied in Oxford, and became so 
famous for his learning and piety, that he was made confessor 
to Henry the Fourth, and counsellor to Henry the Fifth ; pro 
moted by the former, bishop of Hereford. He was one of the 
three English prelates which went to (and one of the two which 
returned alive from) the council of Constance. He died 1416, 
being buried in the church of White-Friars in London, to which 
he had been an eminent benefactor. J 

RICHARD TALBOTE was born of honourable parentage in 
this county, as brother unto John Talbote, the first earl of 
Shrewsbury. Being bred in learning, he was consecrated 
archbishop of Dublin in Ireland 1417. He sat two and thirty 
years in that see (being all that time a privy counsellor to king 
Henry the Fifth and Sixth), twice chief justice, and once chan 
cellor of Ireland. 

He deserved well of his church (founding six petty canons, 
and as many choristers, therein) ; yea, generally of all Ireland, 
writing a book against James earl of Ormond,|| wherein he 
detected his abuses during his lieutenancy in Ireland, He 
died August the 15th, 1449 ; and lieth buried in Saint Patrick s 
in Dublin under a marble stone, whereon an epitaph is written 
not worthy the inserting. 

The said Richard was unanimously chosen archbishop of Ar 
magh, a higher place ; but refused to remove, wisely preferring 
safety, above either honour or profit. 

GEORGE DAY was born in this county, *[[ and successively 
scholar, fellow, and provost of King s College in Cambridge ; 
which he retained with the bishopric of Chichester, to which 
he was consecrated 1543. A most pertinacious Papist, who, 
though he had made some kind of recantation in a sermon (as 
I find it entered in king Edward the Sixth s own diary) ; yet 
either the same was not satisfactory, or else he relapsed into his 

* Godwin, in the Bishops of Bath and Wells. 

"T De Illustribus Anglise Scriptoribus, p. 591 

J Godwin, in Bishops. Jacobus Wareus, de Prsesulibus Lageniae, p. 28. 

|| Idem, de Scriptoribus Hiberniae, p. 131. 

1[ Parker, in his Skellitos Cantabrigiensis, in the Provosts of King s College. 


errors again, for which he was deprived under the said king, 
and restored again by queen Mary. He died anno Domini 


WILLIAM DAY was brother to the aforesaid George Day. 
I find no great difference betwixt their age ; seeing George Day 
was admitted in King s College, anno 1538 ; William Day was 
admitted in the same college anno 1545.* 

Yet was there more than forty years betwixt the dates of 
their deaths ; George Day died very young, bishop of Chiches- 
ter, anno Domini 1556 ; William Day died very old, bishop 
of Winchester, anno 1596. 

But not so great was the difference betwixt their vivacity, as 
distance betwixt their opinions; the former being a rigid 
Papist, the latter a zealous Protestant ; who, requesting of his 
brother some money to buy books therewith, and other neces 
saries, was returned with this denial, "That he thought it not 
fit to spend the goods of the church on him who was an enemy 
of the church ."f 

However, this William found the words of Solomon true, 
" And there is a friend \vho is nearer than a brother/ ^ not 
wanting those who supplied his necessities. He was proctor of 
Cambridge 1558, and afterwards was made by queen Elizabeth 
(who highly esteemed him for his learning and religion) provost 
of Eton and dean of Windsor, two fair preferments (parted with 
Thames, but) united in his person. The bishopric of Winches 
ter he enjoyed scarcely a whole year; and died as aforesaid, 


Sir THOMAS BROMLEY was born at Bromley in this county, 
of a right ancient family, I assure you ; bred in the Inner Tem 
ple, and general solicitor to queen Elizabeth. He afterwards 
succeeded Sir Nicholas Bacon, in the dignity of lord chancellor, 
April 25, 1579. 

Now, although it was difficult to come after Sir Nicholas 
Bacon, and not to come after him ; yet such was Sir Thomas s 
learning and integrity (being charactered by my author, " vir 
jurisprudentia insignis;" that court was not sensible of any 
considerable alteration. He possessed his place about nine 
years, dying anno 1587, not being sixty years old. || Hereby 
the pregnancy of his parts doth appear, seeing by proportion of 
time he was made the queen s solicitor before he was forty, and 
lord chancellor before he was fifty years old. Learning in law 

Mr. Hatcher, in his Manuscript Catalogue of Fellows of King s College. 

Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of the Bishops of Winchester. 
f Proverbs xviii. 24. 
Camden, in his Elizabeth, anno 1587. || Idem, ibidem. 


may seem to run in the veins of that name, which since had a 
baron of the Exchequer of his alliance. 

Sir CLEMENT EDMONDS was born at Shrawardine in this 
county ;* and bred Fellow in All-Souls College in Oxford, 
being generally skilled in all arts and sciences ; witness his 
faithful translations of, and learned illustrations on, Caesar s 
Commentaries. Say not that comment on commentary was 
false heraldry, seeing it is so worthy a work, that the author 
thereof may pass for an eminent instance to what perfection of 
theory they may attain in matter of war, who were not ac 
quainted with the practical part thereof, being only once em 
ployed by queen Elizabeth, with a dispatch to Sir Francis Vere, 
which occasioned his presence at the battle at Newport : for he 
doth so smartly discuss pro and con, and seriously decide many 
martial controversies, that his judgment therein is praised by 
the best military masters. 

King James, taking notice of his abilities, made him clerk of 
the Council, and knighted him; and he was at last preferred 
secretary of state, in the vacancy of that place, but, prevented 
by death, acted not therein. He died anno 1623 ; and lies 
buried at Preston in Northamptonshire, where he purchased a 
fair estate, which his grandchild doth possess at this day (1660) > 

EDMUND PLOWDEN was born at Plowden in this county; 
one who excellently deserved of our municipal law, in his learned 
writings thereon : but consult his ensuing epitaph, which will 
give a more perfect account of him : 

" Conditur in hoc tumulo corpus Edmundi Plowden, Armigeri. Claris ortus 
parentibus, apud Plowden in comitatu Salop, natus est ; a pueritia in litera- 
rum studio liberaliter est educatus, in provectiore vero setate legibus et 
jurisprudentia operam dedit. Senex jam factus, et annum aetatis suse 
agens 67, mundo valedicens, in Christo Jesu sancte obdormivit, die sexto 
mensis Februar. anno Domini 1584. 

I have rather inserted this epitaph inscribed on his monument 
on the north side -of the east end of the choir of Temple church 
in London, because it hath escaped (but by what casualty I can 
not conjecture) Master Stow, in his " Survey of London." We 
must add a few words out of the character Mr. Camden gives of 
him :f " Vitse integritate inter homines suee professionis nulli 
secundus." And how excellent a medley is made, when honesty 
and ability meet in a man of his profession! Nor must we 
forget how he was treasurer for the Honourable Society of the 
Middle Temple, anno 1572, when their magnificent hall was 
builded ; he being a great advancer thereof. 

Sir JOHN WALTER, son to Edmund Walter, chief justice of 

* So his near kinsman informed me F. f His Elizabeth, anno 1584. 


South Wales, was born at Ludlow in this county ; and bred a 
student of our common laws, wherein he attained to great learn 
ing; so that he became, when a pleader, eminent; when a judge, 
more eminent; when no judge, most eminent. 

1. Pleader. The character that learned James Thuanus* 
gives of Christopher Thuanus his father, being an advocate of 
the civil law, and afterwards a senator of Paris, is exactly agree 
able to this worthy knight : " Ut bonos a calumniatoribus, te- 
nuiores a potentioribus, doctos ab ignorantibus, opprimi non 
pateretur ;" (that he suffered not good men to be borne down 
by slanderers, poor men by more potent, learned men by the 

2. Judge. Who (as when ascending the bench, entering into 
a new temper) was most passionate as Sir John, most patient 
as judge Walter ; and great his gravity in that place. When 
judge Denham, his most upright and worthy associate in the 
western circuit, once said unto him, " My lord, you are not 
merry !" " Merry enough," returned the other, " for a judge !" 

3. No judge. Being ousted of his place, when chief baron of 
the Exchequer, about the illegality of the loan, as I take it. 

He was a grand benefactor (though I know not the just pro 
portion) to Jesus College in Oxford; and died anno 1630, in 
the parish of Savoy, bequeathing 20 to the poor thereof, t 

EDWARD LITLETON, born at Mounslow in this county,! was 
the eldest son to sir Edward Littleton, one of the justices of the 
Marshes, and chief justice of North Wales. He was bred in 
Christ Church in Oxford, where he proceeded bachelor of arts, 
and afterwards one of the justices of North Wales, recorder of 
London, and solicitor to king Charles. From these places he 
was preferred to be chief justice of the Common Pleas, when he 
was made privy counsellor ; thence advanced to be lord keeper 
and baron of Mounslow, the place of his nativity. He died in 
Oxford, and was buried in Christ Church, anno 1645. 


Sir JOHN TALBOT was born (as all concurring indications do 
avouch) at Black Mere in this county, the then flourishing (now 
ruined) house, devolved to his family by marrying the heir of 
lord Strange of Black Mere. 

Many honourable titles deservedly met in him ; who was, 
1. Lord Talbot and Strange, by his paternal extraction. 2. Lord 
Furnival and Verdun, by marriage with Joan, the daughter of 
Thomas de Nevil. -3. Earl of. Shrewsbury in England, and 
Waterford in Ireland, by creation of king Henry the Sixth. 

Obituarium Doctorum Virorum, in anno 1565, in vita Joan. Grollierii. 
Stow s Survey of London, in the Rem. p. 910. 

So am I informed by his two surviving brothers, the one a serjeant-at-law, the 
other a doctor in divinity F. 


This is that terrible Talbot, so famous for his sword, or rather 
whose sword was so famous for his arm that used it ; a sword 
with bad Latin* upon it, but good steel within it ; which con 
stantly conquered where it came, insomuch that the bare fame 
of his approach frighted the French from the siege of Bordeaux. 
Being victorious for twenty-four years together, success failed 
him at last, charging the enemy near Castilion on unequal terms, 
where he, with his son the lord Lisle, were slain with a shot, 
July 17, 1453. Henceforward we may say, " Good night to the 
English in France," whose victories were buried with the body 
of this earl, and his body interred at White Church in this 

Sir JOHN TALBOT, son to Sir John Talbot aforesaid, and vis 
count Lisle in right of his mother. Though he was slain with 
his father, yet their ashes must not be so huddled together, but 
that he must have a distinct commemoration of his valour. The 
rather, because a noble pent hath hinted a parallel betwixt him 
and Paulus ^Emilius the Roman general, which others may 

1. -^Emilius was overpower- 1. The same sad success at- 
ed by the forces of Hannibal tended the two Talbots, in fight 
and Asdrubal, to the loss of against the French. 

the day. 

2. Cornelius Lentulus en- 2. The father advised the 
treated ^Emilius (sitting all son, by escape to reserve him- 
bloodied upon a stone) to rise self for future fortune. 

and save himself, offering him 
his horse and other assistance. 

3. ^Emilius refused the 3. His son craved to be ex- 
proffer ; adding withal, " that cused, and would not on any 
he would not again come un- terms be persuaded to forsake 
der the judgment of the people his father. 

of Rome." 

In two considerables Talbot far surpassed ^Emilius : for ^Emi- 
lius was old, grievously, if not mortally wounded ; our lord in 
the flower of his youth, unhurt, easily able to escape, yEmilius 
accountable for the overthrow received ; the other no ways an 
swerable for that day^s misfortune, being (as we have said) the 
17th of July 1453. 


ROBERT of SHREWSBURY. Take, reader, a taste of the 
different spirits of writers concerning his character : 
f < Leland s Text. " Eadem opera et religionem celebrabat et 
-literas ;" (with the same endeavour he plied both religion and 

* " Sum Talboti pro vincere inimicos meos." 

t Sir Walter Raleigh, in History of the World, lib. v. p. 455. 


Bale s Comment* "Per religionem fortassis monachatum 
intelligit, per literas sophistica praestigia ;" (it may be he mean- 
eth monkery by religion, and by learning sophistical fallacies.) 

I confess he might have employed his pains better. But 
Bale proceeds, de Consultis Ruthenis, consulting, not the Rus 
sians, as the word sounds to all critics, but the men of Rnthin 
in Wales. He wrote the Life and Miracles of St. Winfride ; 
flourishing anno 1140. 

DAVID of CHIRBURY, a Carmelite, was so named from his 
native place in the west of this county, bordering on Montgo 
meryshire ; a small village, I confess, yet .which formerly de 
nominated a whole hundred, and at this day is the barony of 
the Lord Herbert. He was, saith Leland (whom I take at the 
second hand on the trust of John Pits t), " Theologiae cogni- 
tione clarus ;" and, going over into Ireland, was there made 
Episcopits Dromorensis, bishop of Dromore, as I take it.J 
He is said to have wrote some books, though not mentioned 
in Bale, and (which is to me a wonder) no notice taken of him 
by that judicious knight Sir James Ware.|| So that it seems 
his writings were either few or obscure. Returning into Eng 
land, he died, and was buried in his native county at Ludlow, 
in the convent of the Carmelites, anno Domini 1420. 


ROBERT LANGELAND. Forgive me, reader, though placing 
him (who lived one hundred and fifty years before) since the 
Reformation ; for I conceive that the morning-star belongs ra 
ther to the day than to the night. On which account this Ro 
bert (regulated in our book, not according to the age he was in, 
but judgment he was of) may by prolepsis be termed a Protes 

He was born at MortimerVClibery in this county,! eight 
miles from Malvern Hills ; was bred a priest, and one of the 
first followers of John Wickliffe, wanting neither wit nor learn 
ing, as appears by his book called " The Vision of Pierce Plowgh- 
man ;" and hear what character a most learned antiquary giveth 
thereof :** 

" It is written in a kind of English metre, which for discovery 
of the infecting corruptions of those times I prefer before many 
of the more seemingly serious invectives, as well for invention 
as judgment." 

There is a book first set forth by Tindal, since exemplified 

* De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. ii. num. <6. 
t lu Appendice Illustr. Angliae Scriptor. p. 832. 

J David of Chirbury was bishop of Dromore from 1427 to 1429. ED. 
In Append. Illustr. Angl. Script, p. 832. 
I In his Book de Scriptoribus Hibernicis. 
^f Bale, de Scriptoribus, Cent. vi. num. 37. 
* Mr. Selden, in his notes on Polyolbion, p. 109. 


by Mr. Fox,* called " The Prayer and Complaint of the Plowgh- 
man," which, though differing in title and written in prose, yet 
being of the same subject, at the same time, in the same language, 
I must refer it to the same author ; and let us observe a few 
of his strange words, with their significations : 

1. Behotef, for promiseth; 2. binemen, for f take away; 
3, blive, for quickly ; 4. fulleden, for baptized ; 5 . feile 
times, for oft-times ; 6. forward., for covenant ; *J. heryeth, 
for < worshippeth ; 8. homelich, for household ; 9. lesew, for 
pasture; 5 10. leude-men, for laymen; 11. nek, for f will 
not; 12. nemeth, for taketh ; 13. seggen, for do say; 
14. swevens, for dreams; 15. syth, for afterwards; 16. 
thralles, for bondmen. 

It is observable that Pits (generally a perfect plagiary out of 
Bale) passeth this Langeland over in silence. And why ? be 
cause he wrote in oppositum to the papal interest. Thus the most 
light-fingered thieves will let that alone which is too hot for 
them. He flourished under king Edward the Third, anno Do 
mini 1369. 

THOMAS CHURCHYARD was born in the town of Shrewsbury, 
as himself doth affirm in his book made in verse of " The Wor- 
thines of Wales," taking Shropshire \vithin the compass ; making 
(to use his own expression) Wales the park, and the Marches to 
be the pale thereof. Though some conceive him to be as much 
beneath a poet as above a rhymer, in my opinion his verses 
may go abreast with any of that age, writing in the beginning 
of queen Elizabeth. It seems by this his epitaph, in Mr. Cam- 
den s "Remains," that he died not guilty of much wealth : 

" Come, Alecto, lend me thy torch, 

To find a church-yard in a church-porch , 
Poverty and poetry his tomb doth enclose ; 
Wherefore, good neighbours, be merry in prose." 

His death, according to the most probable conjecture, may be 
presumed about the eleventh year of the queen s reign, anno 
Domini 1570. 

THOMAS HOLLAND, D.D. was born in this county,t "in 
finibus et limitibus Cambriee, (in the confines and Marches of 
Wales ;) bred in Exeter College in Oxford, and at last became 
rector thereof. He did not, with some, only sip of learning, 
or at the best but drink thereof, but was " mersus in libris, 
(drowned in his books) ; so that the scholar in him almost de 
voured all other relations. He was, saith the author of his fu 
neral sermon, so familiar with the Fathers, as if he himself had 
been a Father. This quality commended him to succeed Dr. 
Lawrence Humphrid in the place of regius professor, which place 

* Acts and Monuments, p. 398. f Herologia Anglica, p. 238, 



he discharged with good credit for twenty years together. 
When he went forth of his college on any journey for any long 
continuance, he always took this solemn valediction of the fel 
lows : " I commend you to the love of God, and to the hatred 
of Popery and superstition."* 

His extemporaries were often better than his premeditations ; 
so that he might have been said " to have been out, if he had 
not been out." He died in March, anno Domini 1612, and was 
buried in Oxford with great solemnity and lamentation. 

ABRAHAM WHELOCK was born in White-church parish in 
this county ; bred fellow of Clare Hall, library-keeper, Arabic 
professor, and minister of St. Sepulchre s in Cambridge. Ad 
mirable his industry, and no less his knowledge in the Oriental 
tongues ; so that he might serve for the interpreter to the queen 
of Sheba coming to Solomon, and the wise men of the East who 
came to Herod ; such his skill in the Arabian and Persian lan 
guages. Amongst the western tongues, he was well versed in 
the Saxon ; witness his fair and true edition of Bede. 

He translated the New Testament into Persian, and printed 
it, hoping in time it might tend to the conversion of that coun 
try to Christianity. Such as laugh at his design as ridiculous, 
might well forbear their mirth; and, seeing they expended 
neither penny of cost nor hour of pains therein, might let ano 
ther enjoy his own inclination. True it is, he that sets an acorn, 
sees it not a timber-oak, which others may behold ; and if such 
testaments be conveyed into Persia, another age may admire 
what this doth deride. He died, as I take it, anno Domini 1654. 


Sir ROGER ACHLEY, born at Stanwardine in this county, f 
He beheld the whole city of London as one family, and himself 
the Major 1511 (for the time being) the master thereof. He 
observed that poor people, who never have more than they 
need, will sometimes need more than they have. This Joseph 
collected from the present plenty, that a future famine would 
follow; as, in this kind, a lank constantly attends the bank. 
Wherefore he prepared Leaden-hall (therefore called the com 
mon-garner), and stored up much corn therein ; for which 
he deserved the praise of the rich, and blessing of the poor. 


Sir ROWLAND HILL, son of Richard Hill, was born at 
Hodnet in this county ; J bred a mercer in London, whereof he 
was lord major 1549. Being sensible that God had given him 
a great estate, he expressed his gratitude unto him in giving 
maintenance to a fair school at Drayton in this county, which 
he built and endowed ; besides six hundred pounds to Christ- 

Herologia Auglica, p, 238. f Survey of London, p. 677. 

J Stow s Survey of London. 


church hospital, and other benefactions : in forgiving at his 
death all his tenants in his manors of Aldersy and Sponely a 
year s rent ; also enjoining his heirs to make them new leases 
of one and twenty years, for two years rent.* 

As for the causeways he caused to be made, and bridges 
built (two of stone containing eighteen arches in them bothf), 
seeing hitherto it hath not been my hap to go over them, I 
leave his piety to be praised by such passengers, who have 
received safety, ease, and cleanness, by such conveniences. 
He died anno Domini 1561. 

A Note to the Reader. 

I have heard the natives of this county confess and com 
plain of a comparative dearth (in proportion to other shires) 
of benefactors to the public. But sure, Shropshire is like 
to the mulberry, which putteth forth his leaves last of all trees, 
but then maketh such speed (as sensible of his slowness with an 
ingenuous shame) that it overtaketh those trees in fruit, which 
in leaves started long before it. As this shire of late hath done 
affording two of the same surname still surviving, who have 
dipped their hands so deep in charitable mortar. 

Sir THOMAS ADAMS, Knight,! was born at Wem in this 
county ; bred a draper in London, where God so blessed his 
honest industry, that he became lord mayor thereof 1646. A 
man, who hath drunk of the bitter waters of Meribah without 
making a bad face thereat, cheerfully submitting himself to 
God s pleasure in all conditions. 

He gave the house of his nativity to be a free school (that 
others might have their breeding where he had his birth) ; and 
hath liberally endowed it. He liveth in due honour and esteem ; 
and, I hope, will live to see many years, seeing there is no better 
collirium, or eye-salve, to quicken and continue one s sight, than 
in his life-time to behold a building erected for the public profit. 

WILLIAM ADAMS, Esq. was born at Newport in this county; 
bred by trade a haberdasher in London, where God so blessed 
his endeavours, that he fined for alderman in that city. God 
had given him a heart and hand proportionable to his estate, 
having founded in the town of his nativity a school-house in 
the form following. 

1. The building is of brick, with windows of freestone, 
wherein the school is threescore and ten in length, and two and 
twenty feet in breadth and height, 2. Over it a fair library, 
furnished with plenty and choice books. At the south end, the 

* Dr. Willet, in his Catalogue of Protestant Charities, 
t Stow s Survey of London, p. 90. 

j Dubbed by king Charles II. at the Hague, when sent thither a Commissioner 
for the City of London. F. 

F 2 



Here, whilst Apollo s harp doth sound, 
The sisters nine may dance around; 
And architects may take from hence 
The pattern of magnificence. 
Then grieve not, Adams, in thy mind, 
Cause you have left no child behind : 
Unbred ! unborn, is better rather, 
If so, you are a second father 
To all bred in this school so fair, 
And each of them thy son and heir." 

lodgings of the schoolmaster, whose salary is sixty; on the 
north the usher s, whose stipend is thirty pounds per annum. 
3. Before the front of the school a stately crypto-porticus, or 
fair walk all the length of the school, with pillars erected j and on 
the top thereof a leaden terrace, with rails and balusters. 4. Two 
alms-houses for poor people, at convenient distance from the 
school, with competent maintenance. 5. Two gardens a-piece, 
for schoolmaster and usher, with well nigh two acres of ground 
for a place for the scholars to play in. 6. The rent for the 
maintenance thereof deposed in the hands of trustees a year 
before, that, in case of casualty, there may be no complaint. 
7- More intended for the settlement of exhibitions to scholars 
chosen hence to the university, as God hereafter shall direct 
the founder. But who for the present can hold from praising 
so pious a performance ? 

" Come, Momus, who delight dost take, 
Where none are found, there faults to 

And count st that cost, and care, and 


Not spent on thee, all spent in vain. 
See this bright structure, till that smart 
Blind thy blear eyes, and grieve thy 


Some cottage schools are built so low, 
The Muses there must grovelling go. 

Long may this worthy person live to see his intentions 
finished and completed, to his own contentment ! 


THOMAS PARRE, son of John Parre, born at Alderbury, in 
the parish of Winnington, in this county, lived to be above 
one hundred and fifty years of age ; verifying his anagram : 
: THOMAS PARRE " (most rare hap). He was born in the 
reign of king Edward the Fourth, one thousand four hundred 
eighty three ; and, two months before his death, was brought 
up by Thomas earl of Arundel (a great lover of antiquities in 
all kinds) to Westminster. He slept away most of his time ; 
and is thus charactered by an eye-witness of him : 

" From head to heel his body had all over 
A quick-set, thick-set, nat ral hairy cover." 

Change of air and diet (better in itself but worse for him), with 
the trouble of many visitants 5 or spectators rather, are conceived 
to have accelerated his death ; which happened at Westminster, 
November the 15th, 1634 ; and he was buried in the abbey- 
church ; all present at his burial doing homage to this our aged 
Thomas de Temporibus. 


1. Roger Acheley, son of Thomas Acheley, of Stanwardine, 
Draper, 1511. 


2. Rowland Hill, son of Thomas Hill, of Hodnet, Mercer, 1549. 

3. Thomas Lee, son of Roger Lee, of Wellington, Mercer, 1558. 

4. Thomas Lodge, son of William Lodge, of Cresset, Grocer, 


5. Rowland Heyward, son of George Heyward, of Bridge- 

north, Clothworker, 1570. 

6. Robert Lee, son of Humphry Lee, of Bridge-north, Mer 

chant Tailor, 1602. 

7. John Swinnerton, son of Tho. Swinnerton, of Oswestry, 

Merchant Tailor, 1612. 

8. Francis Jones, son of John Jones, of Glaverly, Haber 

dasher, 1620. 

9. Peter Probey, not recorded of White-church, Grocer, 1622. 

10. Allen Cotton, son of Ralph Cotton, of White- church, Dra 

per, 1625. 

11. George Whitmore, son of Will, Whitmore, of Charley, 

Haberdasher, 1631. 

12. Thomas Adams, son of Thomas Adams, of Wem, Draper, 


See we here a jury of lord mayors born in this (which I be 
lieve will hardly be paralleled in a greater) county. All [no 
doubt] honest men, and true. 




( a ) William bishop of Coven, and Lichf. and ( b ) John de Tal- 

bot, knight ; ( c ) Richard Laken, and William Boerley, 
(knights for the shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Willielmi Malory, Militis. Willielmi Poynour. 

Johannis Fitz-Piers. Richardi Neuport. 

Willielmi Lodelowe. Richardi Horde. 

Thomse Hopton, de Hopton. Nicholai Sandford. 

Richardi Archer. Griffin Kynaston. 

Johannis Wynnesbury. Johannis Bruyn, junioris. 

Thomse Corbet, de Ley. Hugonis Stepulton. 

Thomse Corbet, de Morton. Simonis Hadington. 

Johannis Bruyn, senioris. Alani Wetenhull. 

Thomse Charleton. Richardi Sonford. 

Richardi Peshale. Johannis Otley. 

Thomae Newport. Edwardi Leighton de Mershe. 

Georgii Hankeston. Edmundi Plowden. 

Johannis Brugge. Thomse Mardford. 

Thomse Banastre. Rogeri Bromley. 

Hugonis Harnage. Richardi Lee. 

Leonardi Stepulton. Humfridi Cotes. 

Hugonis Cresset. Willielmi Leighton. 

Johannis Skryven, Richardi Horton. 



Willielmi Welascote. 
Richard! Husee. 
Johannis Wenlok. 
Willielmi Mersheton. 

Walteri Codour. 
Richardi Gerii. 
Willielmi Bourden. 

( a ) This William was William Hieworth, bishop of Coventry 
and Lichfield, of whom hereafter.* 

( b ) Sir John Talbot, (though here only additioned Knight) 
was the Lord Talbot, and eight years after created earl of 
Shrewsbury, of whom before-t 

( c ) Richard Laken, the same family with Lacon, whose seat 
was at Willily in this county, augmented both in blood and es 
tate by the matches with the heirs of, 1. Harley ; 2. Peshal ; 3. 
Passilew ; 4. Blunt of Kinlet. 

My hopes are according to my desires, that this ancient fa 
mily is still extant in this county, though I suspect shrewdly 
shattered in estate. 

The commissioners of this shire were neither altogether idle, 
nor very industrious ; having made but a short and slender re 
turn, only of 45 principal persons therein. 



Anno 8 Will, filius Alini, et 

1 Reginald, de Hedinge. 

2 Will, filius Alani, for five 9 Will, filius Alani, et 

years together. Wido filius Roberti. 

7 Guido Extraneus, for five 10 Will, filius Alani Masculum. 

years together. 

12 Gaufrid. de Ver, for four JC 

years together. 

16 Gaufrid. de Ver, et 
Will. Clericus. 

17 Guido Extraneus, for nine 

years together. 
26 Hugo Pantulfe, for eight 

years together. 


1 Will, filius Alani, et 
Reginal. de Hesden, 

2 Idem. 

3 Will, filius Alani, et 
Will, de Hadlega. 

4 Will, filius Alani, for four 

years together. 1 

1 WILTSHIRE PRELATES. f Vide SOLDIERS in this county. 

\ Camden s Britannia, in Salop. 

1 Will, filius Alani, et 
Warrus de Wililegh. 

2 Idem. 

3 Will, filius Alani, et 
Reiner de Lea. 

4 G. filius Petri, et 
Richardus de Ambresleg. 

5 Idem. 

6 Thomas de Erolitto, et 
Robertus de Alta Ripa. 

7 Idem. 

8 Thomas de Erdington, for 

nine years together. 

HENRY in. 


Anno 1 

2 Ranul. Com. Cestrise, et 
Hen. de Aldetheleg. 

3 Idem. 

4 Idem. 

5 Ranul. Com. Cestriee, et 
Philippus Kinton. 

6 Idem. 

7 Idem. 

8 Ranul. Com. Cestrie. 

9 Johannes Bovet. 

10 Idem. 

11 Hen. de Aldithle. 

12 Idem. 

13 Idem. 

14 Hen. de Aldithle, et 
Will, de Bromley. 

15 Idem. 

16 Idem. 

17 Petr. Rival, et Rob. de 

Haye, for four years 

21 Johannes Extraneus, et 
Robertus de Acton. 

22 Johannes Extraneus, for 

eleven years together. 

33 Thomas Corbet. 

34 Idem. 

35 Robertus de Grendon, for 

five years together. 

40 Hugo Acover. 

41 Idem. 

42 Willielmus Bagod. 

43 Idem. 

44 Idem. 

45 Jacobus de Audeley, for 

seven years together. 

52 Walterus de Hopton. 

53 Idem, 


1 Roger, de Mortuo Mari. 

2 Idem. 

3 Idem. 

4 Bago de Knovile. 

5 Idem. 

6 Idem. 

7 Roger. Sprengehuse, for 

eight years together. 


15 Dominus de Ramesley. 

16 Idem. 

17 Robertus Corbet. 

18 Will, de Tickley (sive Tit 

tle), for six years toge 

24 Radulp" us de Schirle. 

25 Idem. 

26 Idem. 

27 Tho. Corbet. 

28 Idem. 

29 Richardus de Harleigh. 

30 Idem. 

31 Walter de Beysin. 

32 Idem. 

33 Johannes de Acton. 

34 Johannes de Dene. 

35 Idem. 


1 Rogerus Trumvine. 

2 Johannes Extraneus, et 
Hugo de Crofts. 

3 Hugo de Crofts. 

4 Idem. 

5 Hugo de Audeley. 

6 Idem, 

7 Idem. 

8 Will, de Mere. 

9 Rogerus de Cheyney. 

10 Rogerus Trumwine. 

11 Idem. 

12 Robertus de Grendon. 

13 Nuttus Tltulus Vicecom. in 

hoc Rotulo. 

14 Nee in hoc. 

15 Johannes de Swinerton. 

16 Idem. 

17 Hen. de Bishburne. 

18 Idem. 

19 Idem. 


1 Joh. de Hinckley, et 
Hen. de Bishburn. 

2 Idem. 

3 Johannes Hinckley. 

4 Idem. 


Anno Anno 

5 Henricus de Bishburn. 15 Adam de Peshal. 

6 Idem. 16 Thomas de Swinerton. 

7 Richardus de Peshal. 17 Idem. 

8 Idem. 18 Johannes de Aston. 

9 Johannes de Hinckley. 19 Richardus Com. Arundel, 
10 Simon de Ruggeley. for thirty-one years to 
ll Richardus de Peshal. gether. 

12 Idem. 50 Richardus Peshall. 

13 Simon de Ruggeley. 51 Petrus de Careswel. 

14 Idem. 


Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

1 Brian, de Cornwel . . Burford. 

Arg. a lion rampant G. crowned O. ; a border S. besante. 

2 Johannes Ludlow . . Hodnet. 

Arg. a lion rampant S. 

3 Joh. de Drayton . . . Drayton. 

4 Rogerus Hord. 

Arg. on a chief O. a raven proper. 

5 Johannes Shery. 

6 Edw. de Acton . . . Aldenham. 

G. two lions passant Arg. betwixt nine croslets O. 

7 Joh. de Stepulton. 

Arg. a lion rampant S. 

8 Edw. de Acton . . . ut prius. 

9 Nich. de Sandford . . Sandford. 

Parti per chevron S. and Erm. two boars heads coupee 
in chief O. 

10 Robert de Lee . . , Lee-hall. 

G. a fess componee O. and Az. betwixt eight billets Arg. 

11 Joh. Mowetho, alias Mowellio, queere. 

12 Rob. de Ludlow . . . ut prius. 

13 Edw. de Acton . . . ut prius. 

14 Joh. de Stepulton . . ut prius. 

15 Will. Huggeford. 

16 Hen. de Winesbury. 

Az. on a bend betwixt two cotises O. three lions G. 

17 Joh. de Eyton . . . Eyton. 

O. a fret Az. 

18 Thomas de Lee . . . ut prius. 

19 Will. Worthie. 

20 Will. Huggeford. 

21 Adamus de Peshal. 

Arg. a cross formee fleury S. ; on a canton G. a wolfs 
head erased of the field. 

22 Idem ut prius. 



Anno Name. Place. 

1 Jo. Cornwal, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Will. Huggeford, et 
Johan. Daras. 

3 Will. Banaster . . . Wem. 

Arg. a cross patde S. 

4 Tho. Newport . . . Arcol. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three leopards heads S. 

5 Idem ut prius. 

6 Joh. Corn wail, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Tho. de Witton . . . Witton. 

O. on a chevron S. five plates. 

8 Will. Brounshul. 

9 Joh. Boreley .... Brooms-craft Castle. 

Arg. a f ess cheeky O. and Az. upon a lion rampant S. armed G. 

10 Rog. Acton . . . . ut prius. 

11 Edw. Sprengeaux. 

12 Robertus Tiptot. 

Arg. a saltire engrailed G. 


1 Rob. Corbet, mil. . . Morton. 

O. a raven proper. 

2 Rob. Corbet, mil. . . ut prius. 

3 Rich. Laken, mil. 

Quarterly per fess indented Erm. and Az. 

4 Geo. Hankeston. 

5 Will. Ludelowe . . . ut prius. 

6 Adam Peshal, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Rob. Corbet .... ut prius. 

8 Johannes Bruyn. 

Az. a cross moline O. 

9 Idem ut prius. 


1 Johannes Bruyn . . . ut prius. 

2 Hugo Harnage . . . Cund. 

Arg. six torteaux. 

3 Tho. Le Strange. 

G. two lions passant Arg. 

4 .Will. Boerley . . . . ut prius. 

5 Tho. Corbet .... ut prius. 
G Will. Liechfeld. 

7 Joh. Winnesbury . . ut prius. 

8 Hugo. Burgh. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three flowers-de-luce Erm. 
Thomas Hopton . . . Hopton. 

G. seme de cross croslets, a lion rampant O. 


Anno Name. Place. 

9 Rich. Archer. 

10 Johannes Bruyn . . . ut prius. 

11 Johannes Ludlow . . ut prius. 

12 Th. Corbet de Ley . . ut prius. 

13 Hugo Cresset .... Upton Cresset. 

Az. a cross within a border engrailed O. 

14 Rob. Inglefeld . . . BERKSHIRE. 

Barry of six G. and Arg. ; on a chief O. a lion passant Az. 

15 Will. Ludlow .... ut prius. 

16 Will. Liechfield. 

17 Hum. Low. 

18 Nicholaus Eyton . . ut prius. 

19 Idem ut prius. 

20 Johannes Burgh . . . ut prius. 

21 Will. Ludlow .... ut prius. 

22 Thomas Corbet . . . ut prius. 

23 Nicholaus Eyton . . ut prius. 

24 Hugo Cresset . . . ut prius. 

25 Fulcho Sprencheaux. 

26 Will. Ludlow . . . ut prius. 

27 Joh. Burgh, mil. . . . ut prius. 

28 Rogerus Eyton . . . ut prius. 

29 Thomas Herbert . . Chirbury. 

Per pale Az. and G. three lions rampant Arg. 

30 Will. Laken . . . . ut prius. 

31 Joh. Burgh, mil. . . ut prius. 

32 Robertus Corbet . . ut prius. 

33 Nicholas Eyton . . . ut prius. 

34 Will. Mitton. 

Per pale G. and Az. an eagle displayed with two heads O. 

35 Tho. Hord, arm. . . ut prius. 

36 Fulco Sprencheaux. 

37 Tho. Cornwall, arm. . ut prius. 

38 Rob. Corbet, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Hum. Blount, arm. . . Kinlet. 

Barry nebulee of six, O and S. 

2 Rog. Kinaston, arm. . Hordley. 

(See our notes in this year.) 

3 Idem ut prius. 

4 Joh. Burgh, mil. . . ut prius. 

5 Rich. Lee, arm. . . . ut prius. 

6 Rob. Eyton, arm. . . ut prius. 

7 Hum. Blount, arm. . . ut prius. 

8 Joh. Leighton, arm. . . Watlesbury. 

Quarterly per fess indented O. and G. 

9 Rob. Cresset, arm. . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

10 Rog. Kinaston, arm. . ut prim. 

11 Rog. Kinaston, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Rob. Charleton, arm. 

O. a lion rampant G. 

13 Will. Newport . . . ut prius. 

14 John Leighton . . . ut prius. 

15 Hum. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

16 Johannes Heuui. 

17 Rich. Laken, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Rich. Ltidlow, mil. . . ut prius. 

19 Richardus Lee . . . ut prius. 
20. Tho. Blount, arm. . . ut prius. 

21 Joh. Harley, mil. 

O. a bend cotised S. 

22 Joh. Leighton, arm. +, ut prius. 


1 Thomas Mitton . . . ut prius. 

2 Thomas Hord . . . ut prius. 

3 Rob. Cresset, et . . ut prius. 
Gilb. Talbot, mil. 

G. a lion rampant, and a border engrailed O. 


1 Joh. Talbot, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Rich. Laken, mil. . . ut prius. 

3 Thomas Hord . . ut prius. 

4 Edward Blount . . . ut prius. 

5 Rich. Ludlow, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Johan. Newport . . ut prius. 

7 Will. Young, mil. . . Kenton. 

O. three roses G. 

8 Edw. Blount, arm. . . ut prius. 

9 Tho. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Tho. Leighton, mil. et . ut prius. 
Rich. Lee, arm. . . ut prius. 

11 Rich. Lee, arm. . . . ut prius. 

12 Tho. Screvin, arm. . . Fradgly. 

Arg. guttee G. a lion rampant S. 

13 Rich. Laken, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Rich Harley, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Will. Otteley, arm. . . Pichford. 

Arg. on a bend Az. three garbs O. 

16 Joh. Newport, arm. . . ut prius. 

17 Tho. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

18 Pet. Newton, arm. . . Hertley. 

Arg. a cross S, fleury O. 

19 Idem ut prius. 



Anno Name. Place. 

20 Geo. Manwayring, arm. CHESHIRE. 

Arg. two bars G. 

21 Tho. Cornwall, mil. . . ut prius. 

22 Rob. Corbet, mil. . . ut prius. 

23 Tho. Kinaston, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Tho. Laken, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Job. Newport, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Tho. Scriven, arm. . . ut prius. 

4 Pet. Newton, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Will. Otteley, arm. . : ut prius. 

6 Tho. Laken, arm. . . ut prius. 

7 Tho. Cornwall, mil. . . ut prius. 

8 Rob. Pigot, arm. . _ . Chetwin. 

Erm. three fusils in fess S. 

9 Pet. Newton, arm. . . ut prius. 

10 Tho. Blount, mil . . . ut prius. 

11 Tho. Cornwall, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Job. Salter, arm. . . Oswestry. 

G. ten billets O. 4, 3, 2, and 1. 

13 Geo. Bromley, arm. . . ut prius. 

Quarterly, per fess indented Arg. and O. 

14 Pet. Newton, arm. . . Bromley. 

15 Thomas Vernon . . . Hodnet. 

Arg. fretty S. ; a canton G. 

16 Tho. Cornwall, mil. . ut prius. 

17 Job. Corbet de Ley, arm. 

18 Tho. Screvin, arm. . . ut prius. 

19 Job. Talbot, mil. . . . Albrigbton. 

20 Rob. Nedeham, arm. . Shenton. 

Arg. a bend engrailed Az. betwixt two bucks heads S. 

21 Rog. Corbet, arm. . . ut prius. 

22 Tho. Cornwal, mil. . . ut prius. 

23 Tho. Manwarying . . ut prius. 

24 Tho. Laken, mil. . . . ut prius. 

25 Tho. Talbot, mil. . . ut prius. 

26 Tho. Vernon, arm. . . ut prius. 

27 Rob. Nedeham, mil. . ut prius. 

28 Job. Corbet, arm. . . ut prius. 

29 Job. Talbot, mil. . . ut prius. 

30 Rich. Manwayring . . ut prius. 

31 Rich. Laken, arm. . . ut prius. 

32 Rob. Nedeham, mil. . ut prius. 

33 Job. Talbot, mil. . . ut prius. 

34 Tho. Newport, mil. . . ut prius. 

35 Rich. Mitton, arm. . . ut prius. 

36 Rich. Manwayring . . ut prius. 



Anno Name. Place. 

37 Tho. Vernon, arm. . . ut prius, 

38 Tho. Lee, arm. . . . ut prius. 


1 Will. Young, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Rich. Cornwal, arm. . ut prius. 

3 Tho. Newport, arm. . . ut prius. 

4 Andr. Corbet, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Rich. Newport, arm. 

6 Rich. Manwayring, mil. ut prius. 


1 Adam Milton, mil. 

2 Nic. Cornwal, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Andr. Corbet, mil. . . ut prius. 

4 Rich. Leveson, mil. . . Lilleshall. 

Az. three laurel leaves slipped O. 

5 Rich. Newport, arm. . ut prius. 

6 Th. Farmour, arm. . . 

Arg. a fess S. between three lions heads erased G. 


1 Rich. Mitton, arm. . 

2 Rich. Corbet, arm. . . 

3 Rich. Cornwal, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Arth. Manwayring . . ut prius. 

5 Geor. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Rob. Nedeham, arm. . ut prius. 

7 Hum. Onslow, arm. . Onslow. 

Arg. a fess G. betwixt six merlins S. beaked and legged O. 

8 Th. Charlton, arm. et . ut prius. 
Th. Eaton, arm. 

9 Edw. Leighton, arm. . ut prius. 

10 Rich. Newport, mil. . ut prius. 

11 And. Corbet, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Rol. Laken, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Will. Gratewood, arm. 

14 Th. Powel, arm. . . . Worthen. 

Arg. three boars heads coupee S. 

15 Roul. Pigot, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Joh. Hopton, arm. . . ut prius. 

17 Walt. Leveson, arm. . ut prius. 

18 Art. Mayn waring, mil. . ut prius. 

19 Franc. Lawley, arm. . Spoon-Hill. 

Arg. a cross formee throughout O. and S. 

20 Will. Young, arm. . . ut prius. 

21 Edw. Cornwal, arm. . ut prius. 

22 Will. Gratewood, arm. 


Anno Name. Place. 

23 Tho. Williams, arm. . Willaston. 

S. three nags heads erased Erm. 

24 Carolus Fox, arm. . . Chainham. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three foxes heads erased G. 

25 Rich. Cresset, arm. . . ut prius. 

26 Roul. Barker, arm. . . Haghmond. 

G. a fess cheeky O. and Az. betwixt six annulets of the 

27 Franc. Newport, arm. . ut prius. 

28 Rob. Nedeham, arm. . ut prius. 

29 Edw. Leighton, arm. . ut prius. 

30 Th. Cornwall, arm. . . ut prius. 

31 Andr. Charleton, arm. . ut prius. 

32 Will. Hopton, arm. . . ut prius. 

33 Rob. Eyton, arm. . . ut prius > 

34 Rich. Corbet, arm. ._ . ut prius. 

35 Rob. Powel, arm. . . ut prius. 

36 Frances Albany, arm. . Fern-Hill. 

Arg. on a fess betwixt three cinquefoils G. a greyhound 
current O. 

37 Rob. Nedeham, arm. . ut prius. 

38 Edw. Scriven, arm, . . ut prius. 

39 Carolus Fox, arm. . . ut prius. 

40 Edw. Kinaston, mil. . ut prius. 

41 Hum. Lee, arm. . . . ut prius. 

42 Franc. Newport, arm. . ut prius. 

43 Franc. Newton, arm. . ut prius. 

44 Rog. Kinaston, arm. . ut prius. 

45 Rog. Owen, mil. . . . Condover. 

Arg. a lion rampant S. ; a canton of the second. 


1 Rog. Owen, mil. . . . ut prius. 

2 Hum. Briggs, arm. . . Haughton. 

G. two bars gemels O. ; on a canton S. a crescent of the first. 

3 Hen. Walop, mil. . . Red-Castle. 

Arg. a bend wavy S. 

4 Rob. Nedeham, mil. . ut prius. 

5 Edw. Fox, mil. . . . ut prius. 

6 Rob. Purslow, mil. . . Sidbury. 

Arg. a cross engrailed floury S. ; a border of the same 
form G. bezante. 

7 Rich. Mitton, arm. . . Holston. 

Per pale G. and Az. an eagle displayed with two heads 

8 Bonham. Norton, arm. Stretton. 

O. two bars G. ; on a chief Az. an inescutcheon Erm. 


Anno Name. Place. 

9 Fran. Laken, mil. . . Kinlet. 

Quarterly per fess indented Erm. and Az. 

10 Tho. Gervis, mil. 

11 Joh. Cotes, arm. . . . Woodcoat. 

Quarterly Erm. and paly of six O. and G. 

12 Tho. Piggot, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Th. Corawal, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Rolan. Cotton, mil, . . Bella- Porte. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three cotton-skeans Arg. 

15 Rob. Owen, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Tho. Harris, arm. . . Boreatton. 

O. three urchins Az. 

17 Will. Whitmore, arm. . Appley. 

Vert, fretty O. 

18 Walter Barker, arm. . ut prius. 

19 Th. Edwards, arm. . . Creete. 

G. a chevron engrailed between three boars* heads 
erased O. 

20 Will. Owen, mil. . . ut prius. 

21 Walt. Piggot, arm. . . Chetwin. 

Erm. three fusils in fess S. 


1 Fran. Charleton, arm.. . Appley. 

2 Ric. Newport, mil. . . High Arcol. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three leopards heads S. 

3 Rich. Prince, arm. . . Shrewsbury. 

G. a saltire O. ; over all a cross engrailed Erm. 

4 Joh. Corbet, bar. . . Stoake. 

O. two ravens in pale proper, a border engrailed G. 

5 Walt. Acton, arm. . . Aldenham. 

G. two lions passant Arg. between nine crosses croslets, 
fitched O. 

6 Hum. Walcot, arm. . Walcot. 

Arg. a chevron inter three chess-rooks Erm. 

7 Tho. Ireland, arm. . . Abrington. 

G. six flowers- de-luce Arg. 

8 Phil. Eyton, mil. . . Eyton. 

O. a fret Az. 

9 Tho. Thynne, mil. . . Caus Castle. 

Barry of ten, O. and S. 

10 Joh. Newton, arm. . . Heytleigh. 

Arg. a cross S. fleury O. 

11 Rob. Corbet, arm. . . ut prius. 

12 Paulus Harris, mil. . ut prius. 

13 Wil. Pierpoint, arm. . Tong-Castle. 

Arg. a lion rampant S. in an orle of cinquefoils G. 


Anno Name. 

14 Rich. Lee. . 

G. a fess componee, O. and Az. betwixt eight billets 


15 Rog. Kinnaston, arm. . ut pnus. 

16 Th. Nicholas, arm. . - Shrewsbury. 

17 Joh. Welde, arm. . . Willye. 

2J! Bellum nobis hoc fecit inane. 


22 Rob. Powel, arm. . . The Park. 
Arg. three boars heads coupee S. 


9. NICHOLAS de SANDFORD. This ancient name is still 
extant, at the same place in this county, in a worshipful equi 
page. Well fare a dear token thereof: for, in the list of such 
as compounded for their reputed delinquency in our late civil 
wars, I find Francis Sandford, Esq. paying four hundred and 
fifty-nine pounds for his composition. Yet I believe the gentle 
man begrudged not his money in preservation of his own inte 
grity, acting according to the information of his conscience, and 
the practice of all his ancestors. I understand that the said 
Francis Sandford was very well skilled in making warlike fortifi 


1. JOHN CORNWALL, Miles. A person remarkable on se 

veral accounts. 1. For his high extraction, descended from 

Richard earl of Cornwall, and king of the Almains, his arms 

do evidence. 2. Prosperous valour under king Henry the Fifth 

in France ; there gaining so great treasure, as that therewith he 

built his fair house at Amp-hill in Bedfordshire.* 3. Great 

honour, being created, by king Henry the Sixth, baron of Fan- 

hop, and knight of the Garter. 4. Constant loyalty, sticking 

faster to king Henry the Sixth than his own crown did, faithfully 

following after the other forsook him. 5. Vigorous vivacity, 

continuing till the reign of king Edward the Fourth, who dis 

possessed him of his lands in Bedfordshire. 6. Cheerful dis 

position, pleasantly saying, " That not he, but his fine house 

at Amp-hill, was t guilty of . high treason :" happy ! that he 

could make mirth at his misery, and smile at the losing of that 

which all his frowns could keep no longer. Know, reader, that 

if this J. Corwal shall (which I suspect not) prove a dis 

tinct person from this his kinsman and namesake, none will 

blame me for taking here a just occasion of speaking of so 

* Camden s Britannia, in Bedfordshire. f Camden, utprius. 


eminent a man, who elsewhere came not so conveniently under 
my pen. 


2. ROGER KINASTON, Arm. I cannot satisfy myself in the 
certain arms of this ancient family (much augmented by match 
with HORD), finding them giving sundry [all good and rich] 
coats in several ages ; but conceive they now fix on, Argent, a 
lion rampant Sable. 


1. THOMAS MITTON. He, in obedience to king Richard s 
commands, apprehended the duke of Buckingham (the grand en 
gineer to promote that usurper) in the house of Humphrey Ba- 
naster, who, for the avaricious desire of a thousand pounds, 
betrayed the duke unto the sheriff. 

3. GILBERT TALBOT, Mil. He was son to John Talbot, se 
cond earl of Shrewsbury of that name. In the time of his she- 
riffalty, Henry earl of Richmond (afterwards king Henry the 
Seventh) marching with his men to give battle to king Richard 
the Third, was met at Shrewsbury by the same Sir Gilbert, with 
two thousand men well appointed (most of them tenants and re 
tainers to his nephew George fourth earl of Shrewsbury, then in 
minority) ; whenceforward, and not before, his forces deserved 
the name of an army. For this and his other good service in 
Bosworth field, king Henry rewarded him with fair lands at 
Grafton in Worcestershire ; made him governor of Calais in 
France, and knight of the Garter ; and from him the present 
earl of Shrewsbury is descended. 

I conceive it was rather his son than himself, to whom king 
Henry the Eighth (fearing a sudden surprise from the French) 
wrote briefly and peremptorily, " That he should instantly for 
tify the castle of Calais." To whom governor Talbot, unprovided 
of necessaries, as briefly as bluntly replied, " That he could nei 
ther fortify nor fiftify without money." 


45. ROGER OWEN, Miles. He was son to Sir Thomas 
Owen, the learned and religious justice of the Common Pleas, 
who lieth buried on the south side of the choir of Westminster 
Abbey. This Sir Roger, most eminent in his generation, de 
served the character given him by Mr. Camden : " Multi- 
plici doctrina tanto patre dignissimus." He was a mem 
ber of Parliament, "undecimo Jacobi" (as I take it), when 
a great man therein (who shall be nameless) cast a griev- 

* In Shropshire. 


ous and general aspersion on the English clergy."* This Sir 
Roger appeared a zelot in their defence, and not only removed 
the bastard [calumny] from their doors, at which it was laid, 
but also carried the falsehood home to the true father thereof, 
and urged it shrewdly against the person who in that place 
first revived the aspersion. 


14. ROWLAND COTTON, Miles. Incredible are the most true 
relations, which manyeye-witnesses, still alive, do make of the 
valour and activity of this most accomplished knight ; so strong, 
as if he had been nothing but bones ; so nimble, as if he had 
being no thing but sinews. 


2. RICHARD NEWPORT, Miles. Signal his fidelity to the 
king, even in his lowest condition, by whom he was deservedly 
rewarded with the title of Baron of High-Arcol in this county, 
being created at Oxford, the 14th of October, 1642. His son 
Francis, lord Newport at this day, 1660, honour eth his honour 
with his learning and other natural accomplishments. 


May this Shire, by Divine Providence, be secured from the 
sweating sickness, which first began and twice raged in 
the town of Shrewsbury ! The cure was discovered too late to 
save many, yet soon enough to preserve more thousands of men ; 
viz. by keeping the patient in the same posture wherein he 
was seized, without food or physic ; and such who weathered 
out the disease for twenty-four hours did certainly escape. 



William ADAMS, divine and author; born at Shrewsbury 1707; 
died 1739. 

Richard ALLESTREE, loyal divine, provost of Eton ; born at 
Uppington 1619; died 1680. 

Richard BAXTER, nonconformist divine, author, and sufferer; 
born at Rowton 1615 ; died 1691. 

William BAXTER, nephew of Richard, antiquary and etymolo 
gist; born at Llanlurgan 1650; died 1723. 

Thomas BEDDOES, physician, and experimental philosopher ; 
born at Shifnall 1760 ; died 1808. 

* " Quo genere hominum nihil est putidius." 


John BENBOW, Admiral, born at Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury, 1650 ; 

died 1702. 
John Brickdale BLAKEWAY, divine, historian, antiquary, and 

genealogist; born at Shrewsbury 1765 ; died 1826. 
James BOWEN, antiquary and genealogist ; died 1774. 
John BOWEN, son of the above, genealogist; died 1832. 
Dr. Charles BURNEY, musician, historian of music ; born at 

Shrewsbury 1726; died 1814. 
William CASLON, letter- founder ; born at Hales Owen 1692; 

died 1766. 
Matthew CLARKE, divine and orientalist ; born at Ludlow ; 

died 1702. 
William CLARKE, divine, poet, and antiquary; born at Haugh- 

mond Abbey 1696; died 1771. 
Lord Robert CLIVE, East Indian conqueror ; born at Styche 

1725; died 1774. 
George COSTARD, divine, biblical critic, and mathematician ; 

born at Shrewsbury 1710. 

Sneyd DAVIES, divine and poet; born at Shrewsbury 1709. 
John DOVASTON, antiquary and naturalist ; born at Nursery in 

West Felton 1740. 
John EVANS, topographer, author of " Nine Sheet Map of 

North Wales;" born at Llwynygroes; died 1795. 
Hugh FARMER, presbyterian divine, author on Demoniacs, &c. ; 

born near Shrewsbury 1714; died 1787- 
Robert GENTLEMAN, dissenter, editor of " Orton^s Exposition ;" 

born at Whitchurch; died 1795. 
Thomas GOOD, divine, author of " Firmianus et Dubitantius ;" 

died 1678. 

Dr. Ralph GRIFFITHS, founder of the Monthly Review, 1720. 
Sir Thomas HIGGONS, diplomatist and miscellaneous writer ; 

born at Westbury 1624 ; died 1691. 
Right Hon. Richard HILL, statesman ; born at Hodnet ; died 

Sir Richard HILL, bart. M.P., and controversial polemic ; born at 

Hawkstone 1733 ; died 1808. 
Rev. Rowland HILL, dissenting divine and theological writer ; 

born at Hawkestone 1744; died 1833. 
Sir Thomas JONES, Lord Chief Justice, born at Shrewsbury ; 

died 1683. 

Francis LEIGHTON, divine and antiquary ; died 1813. 
Adarn LITTLETON, divine, Latin lexicographer ; born at Hales 

Owen 1627 ; died 1694. 
Edward LLOYD, naturalist and antiquary ; born at Llanvarder ; 

died 1709. 
Sir Edward LUTWYCHE, judge, author of " Reports ;" born at 

Lutwyche ; died 1709. 
Thomas LYSTER, author of "Blessings of the year 1688 ;"born 

at Duncott; died 1723. 

o 2 


Arthur MAINWARING, poetical and political writer; born at 

Ightfield 1668. 
Timothy NEVE, divine and antiquary ; born at Wotton m btan- 

ton Lacy 1694; died 1757- 
Job ORTON, nonconformist divine and author, and biographer 

of Doddridge; born at Shrewsbury 1717 5 died 1783. _ 
Hugh OWEN, archdeacon of Salop, historian and antiquary ; 

born at Shrewsbury; died 1827. 

William OWEN, R.A., portrait painter ; born 1769 ; died 1824. 
David PARSES, topographical antiquary ; born at Cackmore m 

Hales Owen 1763 ; died 1833. 
Robert PARR; born at Kinver 163S ; died 1757, aged 124. 

He was great grandson of Thomas Parr, who lived to the 

age of 152. 
Thomas PERCY, bishop of Dromore, poetical antiquary ; born at 

Brignorth 1729; died 1811. 

John SADLER, M.P., law-writer, author of " Rights of the King 
dom;" born 1615 ; died 1674. 
Dr. Jonathan SCOTT, oriental professor and author ; bom at 

Shrewsbury; died 1829. 
William SHENSTONE, poet; born at the Leasowes, Hales Owen, 

1714; died 1763. 
Thomas STEDMAN, divine and author, friend of Job Orton, 

born at Bridgnorth 1745 ; died 1825. 
John TAYLOR, divine, " Demosthenes Taylor," classical critic ; 

born at Shrewsbury 1704; died 1766. 
Silas TAYlor, alias Domville, author of " Antiquities of Harwich/ 3 

&c.; born at Harly 1624; died 1678. 
Jonathan WILD, the notorious thief- taker, and the hero of 

Ainsworth s "Jack Sheppard;" born at Boninghale 1682. 
Edward WILLIAMS, divine, classical scholar, and antiquary; 

died 1833. 
William WYCHERLEY, dramatist, comic poet, and wit ; born at 

Clive, near Wem, 1640 ; died 1715. 

** Of Shropshire there is as yet no regular historian; but of the county 
town of Shrewsbury various histories and descriptions, by different authors, have 
made their appearance; viz. by T. Phillips (1779) ; by the Rev. H. Owen 
(1308); by the Rev. J. Nightingale, in the 13th volume of the Beauties of Eng 
land and Wales (1813); and by J. B. Blakeway (1826). There have also been 
published an Historical Account of Ludlow Castle, by J. W. Hodges (1803) ; a De 
scription of Hawkstone, by T. Rodenhurst (1807); the History of Oswestry, by 
Wm. Price (1815); and The Sheriffs of Shropshire, by the Rev. J. B. Blakeway 
(1831) ED. 


SOMERSETSHIRE hath the Severn sea on the north, Glou 
cestershire on the north-east, Wiltshire on the east, Dorset 
shire on the south, and Devonshire on the west. Some will 
have it so called from the summerliness, or temperate pleasant 
ness thereof: with whom we concur, whilst they confine their 
etymologies to the air ; dissent, if they extend it to the earth, 
which in winter is as winterly, deep, and dirty, as any in Eng 
land. The truth is, it is so named from Somerton, the most 
ancient town in the county. It stretcheth from east to west 
fifty-five miles, and from north to south forty-two miles. 

No shire can shew finer ware, which hath so large measure ; 
being generally fruitful, though little moisture be used thereon. 

The inhabitants will tell you that there be several single acres 
in this shire (believe them of the larger size, and sesqui-jugera, 
if measured) which may serve a good round family with bread 
for a year, as affording a bushel of wheat for every week therein, 
a proportion not easily to be paralleled in other places. 


Plenty of the best (for the kind thereof) is digged out of 
Mendip hills. Indeed it is not so soft, pliant, and equally 
fusile, as that in Derbyshire ; not so proper .for sheeting, 
because, when melted, it runs into knots, and therefore little 
known to, and less used by^ our London plumbers ; for, being 
of a harder nature, it is generally transported beyond the seas, 
and employed to make bullets and shot, for which purpose it is 
excellent. May foreigners enjoy wild lead, to kill men ; whilst 
we make use of tame lead, to cover houses, and keep people 
warm and dry therein. 

It is almost incredible what great sums were advanced to the 
bishops of Bath and Wells by the benefit of lead, since the 
latter end of queen Elizabeth. Bishop Still is said to have had 
the harvest, bishop Montague the gleanings, bishop Lake the 
stubble thereof ; and yet considerable was the profit of lead to him 
and his successors. 



Plenty hereof is also found in Mendip hills ; and it is much 
used in physic (being very good, as artificially ordered, for the 
clearing of the sight), and more by metallists; for brass, no 
original, but a compound metal, is made of this stone and cop 
per; and becometh more hard than copper alone, and therefore 
the more servicable for many other purposes. 

And now the riddle in nature, which so long hath posed me, 
is at last explained ; viz. how it can come to pass that brass, 
being made of the best copper with much art and industry, is 
notwithstanding afforded some pence in the pound cheaper than 
copper itself. This cometh to pass, because the calaminary- 
stone, being of itself not worth above six-pence in the pound, 
cloth in the composition metalescere, turn metal, in the mixture 
thereof; whereby the mass and bulk of brass is much advanced. 

I have no more to observe of this stone, save that it was 
first discovered in this county in that juncture of time when the 
copper mines were newly re-discovered in Cumberland, God 
doubling, his gift by the seasonable giving thereof. 


The best and biggest in England are made at Chedder, in this 
county. They may be called Corporation Cheeses, made by the 
joint dairies of the whole parish putting their milk together ; and 
each one, poor and rich, receive their share according to their 
proportion : so that some may think, that the unity and amity 
of those female neighbours, living so lovingly together, giveth 
the better runnet and relish to their handywork. 

If any ask, why as good cheese may not be made in the vi 
cinage, where the soil is as rich, and the same housewifery ? it will 
be demanded of them, why (nails must be driven out with nails) 
the like cheese, in colour, taste, and tenderness, may not be 
made at Cremona as at Parma, both lying in Lombardy near 
together, and sharing equally in all visible advantages of fatness 
and fruitfulness. The worst fault of Chedder cheese is, they 
are so few and dear, hardly to be met with, save at some great 
man s table. 


In Latin glastum or glaustum, was much used by the ancient 
Britons for the painting of their faces ; for I believe it will 
hardly be proved that they dyed their whole bodies. Say not, 
painted terribleness is no terribleness, rather ridiculous than 
formidable, seeing vizards are more frightful than men s own 
faces. This woad gave the Britons a deep black tincture, as if 
they would blow up their enemies with their sulphureous coun 

Our dyers make much use thereof, being color ad colorem. 


the stock (as I may say) whereon other colours are grafted. 
Yea, it giveth them truth and fruitfulness, who without it prove 
fading and hypocritical. 

This herb doth greatly impair the ground it groweth on ; pro 
fitable to such to set, who have land to let without impeach 
ment of waste, it being long before it will recover good grass 
therein. I have placed woad, which groweth in all rich places, 
in this county, because, as I am informed, it groweth naturally 
therein, hardly to be destroyed, especially about Glastonbury ; 
insomuch that a learned critic,* and my worthy good friend, 
had almost persuaded me, that from this glastum that town 
taketh its denomination. 


Smile not, reader, to see me return to coarse creatures 
amongst the commodities of this county. Know, they are not, 
like apes, the fools and jesters, but the useful servants in a fa 
mily, viz. the porters thereof. Pliny observes, that Briton 
breeds cowardly lions and courageous mastiffs, which to me 
seems no wonder ; the former being whelped in prison, the lat 
ter at liberty. An English mastiff, anno 1602, did in effect 
worst a lion, on the same token that prince Henry allowed a 
kind of pension for his maintenance, and gave strict order, 
" That he that had fought with the king of beasts should never 
after encounter any inferior creatures/ f 

Our English mastiffs are in high reputation beyond the seas ; 
and the story is well known, that when an hundred molossi 
were sent hence a present to the pope, a lack-Latin cardinal, 
standing by when the letter was read, mistook molossos for so 
many mules. Surely, had Britain been then known to the an 
cient Romans, when first, instead of manning, they dogged their 
Capitol, they would have furnished themselves with mastiffs 
fetched hence for that purpose, being as vigilant as, more 
valiant than, any of their kind ; for the city of St. Malo in 
France is garrisoned with a regiment of dogs, wherein many 
ranks are of English extraction. 

Hence it is that an author tells me, that it passeth for the 
blazon of this county, 

" Set the Band-dog on the Bull."J 

It seems that both the gentry and country folk in this shire 
are much affected with that pastime, though some scruple the 
lawfulness thereof. 1 . Man must not be a barrater, to set the 
creatures at variance. 2. He can take no true delight in their 
antipathy, which was the effect of his sin. 3. Man s charter of 
dominion empowers him to be a prince, but no tyrant, over the 
creatures. 4. Though brute beasts are made to be destroyed, 

Mr. John Langley, late schoolmaster of Paul s. f Stow s Annals, p. 336. 

t Drayton, in his Polyolbion. 2 Peter ii. 12. 


they are not made to be tormented. Others rejoin, that God 
gave us the creatures as well for our pleasure as necessity ; that 
some nice consciences, that scruple the baiting of bulls, will 
worry men with their vexatious cruelties, All that I dare inter - 
pose is this, that the tough flesh of bulls is not only made more 
tender by baiting, but also thereby it is discoloured from ox- 
beef, that the buyer be not deceived. 


Taunton Serges are eminent in their kind, being a fashionable 
wearing, as lighter than cloth, yet thicker than many other stuffs. 
When Dionysius sacrilegiously plundered Jove s statue of his 
golden coat (pretending it too cold for winter, and too hot for 
summer,) he bestowed such a vestment upon him as to fit both 
seasons. They were much sent into Spain, before our late war 
therewith, wherein trading (long since complained of to be dead] 
is now lamented generally buried, though hereafter it may have 
a resurrection. 


Of these the churches of Bath and Wells are most eminent. 
Twins are said to make but one man, as these two churches 
constitute one bishop s see. Yet, as a twin oft-times proves as 
proper a person as those of single births ; so these severally 
equal most, and exceed many, cathedrals in England. 

We begin with Bath, considerable in its several conditions : 
viz. the beginning, obstructing, decaying, repairing, and finishing 

1. It was begun by Oliver King, bishop of this diocese, in 
the reign of Henry the Seventh, and the west end most curi 
ously cut and carved with angels climbing up a ladder to hea 
ven. But this bishop died before the finishing thereof. 

2. His death obstructed this structure, so that it stood a long 
time neglected, which gave occasion for one to write on the 
church wall with a charcoal : 

" O church, 1 wail thy woeful plight, 
Whom king, nor cardinal, clerk, or knight, 
Have yet restored to ancient right." 

Alluding herein to bishop King, who began it ; and his four 
successors, in thirty-five years, viz. cardinal Adrian, cardinal 
Wolsey, bishop Clark, and bishop knight, contributing nothing 
to the effectual finishing thereof. 

3. The decay and almost ruin thereof followed, when it felt 
in part the hammers which knocked down all abbeys. True it 
is, the commissioners proffered to sell the church to the townsmen 
under 500 marks. But the townsmen, fearing if they bought 
it so cheap to be thought to cozen the king, so thaUhe purchase 
might come under the compass of concealed lands, refused the 
proffer. Hereupon the glass, iron, bells, and lead (which last 


alone amounted to 480 tons) provided for the finishing thereof, 
were sold, and sent over beyond the seas, if a shipwreck (as 
some report) met them not by the way. 

4. For the repairing thereof, collections were made all over 
the land, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, though inconsiderable, 
either in themselves, or through the corruption of others. Only 
honest Mr. Billet (whom I take to be the same with him who 
was designed executor to the will of William Cecil Lord Burgh- 
ley) disbursed good sums to the repairing thereof; and a stran 
ger, under a feigned name, took the confidence thus to play the 
poet and prophet on this structure : 

" Be blithe, fair Kirck, when Hempe is past, 
Thine Olive, that ill winds did blast, 
Shall flourish green for age to last." 

(Subscribed CassadoreS) 

By Hempe understand Henry the Eighth, Edward the Sixth, 
queen Mary, king Philip, and queen Elizabeth. The author, I 
suspect, had a tang of the cask -, and, being parcel-popish, ex 
pected the finishing of this church at the return of their religion; 
but his prediction w r as verified in a better sense, when this church 

5. Was finished by James Montague, bishop of this see, dis 
bursing vast sums in the same, though the better enabled there 
unto by his mines at Mendip ; so that he did but remove the 
lead from the bowels of the earth to the roof of the church, 
wherein he lies interred under a fair monument. 

This church is both spacious and specious, the most lightsome 
as ever I beheld, proceeding from the greatness of the windows, 
and whiteness of the glass therein. 

All I have more to add is only this, that the parable of Jotham* 
is on this church most curiously wrought (in allusion to the 
Christian sirname of the first founder thereof) how the trees, 
going to choose them a king, proffered the place to the olive. 
Now when lately one Oliver was for a time commander-in-chief 
in this land, some (from whom more gravity might have been 
expected) beheld this picture as a prophetical prediction, so apt 
are English fancies to take fire at every spark of conceit. But 
seeing since that Olive hath been blasted root and branches, 
this pretended prophecy with that observation is withered away. 

As for the cathedral of Wells, it is a greater, so darker than 
that of Bath ; so that Bath may seem to draw devotion with 
the pleasantness, Wells to drive it with the solemnity 
thereof; and ill-tempered their minds who will be moved 
with neither. The west front of Wells is a master 
piece of art indeed, made of imagery in just proportion, so 
that we may call them " vera et spirantia signa." England 
affordeth not the like : for the west end of Exeter beginneth 
accordingly : it doth not like Wells persevere to the end thereof. 

* Judges ix. 8. 


As for the civil habitations in this county (not to speak of 
Dunstar castle, having a high ascent, and the effect thereof, a 
large prospect by sea and land) Mountague, built by Sir Edward 
Philips, master of the Rolls, is a most magnificent fabric. Nor 
must Hinton St. George, the house of the Lord Poulet, be for 
gotten, having every stone in the front shaped doul-ways, or in 
the form of a cart-hail. This I may call a charitable curiosity, 
if true what is traditioned, that, about the reign of king Henry 
the Seventh, the owner thereof built it in a dear year, on pur 
pose to employ the more poor people thereupon. 


Wockey Hole, in Mendip-hills, some two miles from Wells. This 
is an underground concavity, admirable for its spacious vaults, 
stony walls, creeping labyrinths, the cause being un-imaginable, 
how and why the earth was put in such a posture, save that the 
God of nature is pleased to descant on a plain hollowness 
with such wonderful contrivances. 

I have been at but never in this hole ; and therefore must 
make use of the description of a learned eye-witness.* 

" Entering and passing through a good part of it with many 
lights, among other many strange rarities, well worth the observ 
ing, we found that water which incessantly dropped down from 
the vault of the rock, though thereby it made some little dint 
in the rock, yet was it turned into the rock itself, as manifestly 
appeared even to the judgment of sense, by the shape, and co 
lour, and hardness ; it being at first of a more clear and glassy 
substance than the more ancient part of the rock, to which no 
doubt but in time it hath been and will be assimilated : and 
this we found not in small pieces, but in a very great quantity, 
and that in sundry places, enough to load many carts ; from 
whence I infer, that as in this cave, so no doubt in many other 
(where they searched) the rocks would be found to have increased 
immediately by the dropping of the water, besides that increase 
they have from the earth in the bowels thereof ; which still con 
tinuing as it doth, there can be no fear of their utter failing." 


BATH well known in all England and Europe over; far 
more useful and wholesome, though not so stately, as Dioclesian s 
bath in Rome (the fairest amongst 856 in that city, made only for 
pleasure and delicacy), beautified with an infinity of marble pil 
lars (not for support but ostentation), so that Salmuth saith, four 
teen thousand men were employed for some years in building 
thereof. Our bath waters consist of 

1 . Bitumen (which hath the predominancy) ; sovereign to 
discuss, glutinate, dissolve, open obstructions, &c. 

* Dr. Hakewell, in his Apology, lib. v. p. 69. 


2. Nitre , which dilateth the bitumen, making the solution the 
better, and water the clearer. It cleanseth and purgeth both by 
stool and urine, cutteth and dissolveth gross humours. 

3. Sulphur; in regard whereof they dry, resolve, mollify, 
attract, and are good for uterine effects, proceeding from cold 
and windy humours. 

But how these waters come by their great heat, is rather 
controverted than concluded amongst the learned. Some im 
pute it to wind, or airy exhaltations, included in the bowels of 
the earth, which by their agitation and attrition (upon rocks and 
narrow passages) gather heat, and impart it to the waters. 

Others ascribe it to the heat of the sun, whose beams, 
piercing through the pores of the earth, warm the waters, 
and therefore anciently were called Aquae Solis, both because 
dedicated to, and made by, the sun. 

Others attribute it to quick lime, which we see doth readily 
heat any water cast upon it, and kindleth any combustible sub 
stance put therein. 

Others refer it to a subterranean fire kindled in the bowels of 
the earth, and actually burning upon sulphur and bitumen. 

Others impute the heat (which is not destructive^ but genera 
tive, joined with moisture) to the fermentation of several mi 

It is the safer to relate all than reject any of these opinions, 
each having both their opposers and defenders. 

They used also inwardly, in broths, beer, juleps, &c. with 
good effect. And although some mislike it, because they will 
not mix medicaments with aliments, yet such practice beginneth 
to prevail. The worst I wish these waters is, that they were 
handsomely roofed over (as the most eminent baths in Chris 
tendom are) which (besides that it would procure great benefit 
to weak persons) would gain more respect hither in winter 
time, or more early in the spring, or more late in the fall. 

The right honourable James earl of Marlborouo-h undertook 

o ^j 

to cover the Cross-bath at his own charge ; and may others 
follow his resolution, it being but fit, that where God hath freely 
given the jewel, men bestow a case upon it.* 


" Where should I be born else than in Taunton Dean. 1 ] 

This is a parcel of ground round about Taunton, very plea 
sant and populous (as containing many parishes) ; and so fruitful, 
to use their phrase, with the zitn and zoil alone, that it needs no 
manuring at all. The peasantry therein are as rude as rich ; 
and so highly conceited of their good country (God make them 
worthy thereof!) that they conceive it a disparagement to be 
born in any other place ; as if it were eminently all England. 

* Dr. Fuller s benevolent wish has since been amply realized. ED. 


" Th e beggars of Bath."] 

Many in that place ; some natives there, others repairing thi 
ther from all parts of the land ; the poor for alms ; the pained for 
ease. Whither should fowl flock, in a hard frost, but to the 
barn door? here, all the two seasons, being the general confluence of 
gentry. Indeed laws are daily made to restrain beggars, and 
daily broken by the connivance of those who make them : it being 
impossible, when the hungry belly barks, and bowels sound, 
to keep the tongue silent. And although oil of whip be the proper 
plaister for the cramp of laziness, yet some pity is due to im 
potent persons. In a word, seeing there is the Lazars-bath in 
this city, I doubt not but many a good Lazarus, the true object 
of charity, may beg therein. 


DUNSTAN was born in the town of Glastonbury in this 
county. He afterwards was abbot thereof, bishop of London 
and Worcester, archbishop of Canterbury, and at last, for his 
promoting of monkery, reputed a Saint.* I can add nothing to, 
but must subtract something from, what I have written of him 
in my " Church History." True it is, he was the first abbot of 
England, not in time but in honour, Glastonbury being the 
proto-abbaty , then, and many years after, till pope Adrian ad 
vanced St. Alban s above it. But, whereas it followeth in my 
book,t " That the title of Abbot till his time was unknown in 
England," I admire by what casualty it crept in, confess it a 
foul mistake, and desire the reader with his pen to delete it. 
More I have not to say of Dunstan, save that he died anno 
Domini 988 ; and his skill in smithery was so great, that the 
goldsmiths in London are incorporated by the name of the 
Company of St. Dunstan. 


JOHN HOOPER was born in this county,J bred first in Oxford, 
then beyond the seas. A great scholar and linguist ; but suf 
fering under the notion of a proud man, only in their judgments ; 
who were unacquainted with him. Returning in the reign of king 
Edward the Sixth, he was elected bishop of Gloucester ; but for 
a time scrupled the acceptance thereof, on a double account. 

First, because he refused to take an oath tendered unto him. 
This oath I conceived to have been the oath of canonical obedi 
ence ; but since (owing my information to my worthy friend the 
learned Dr. John Hacket) I confess it the oath of supremacy, 
which Hooper refused, not out of lack of loyalty but store of con 
science : for the oath of supremacy, as then modelled, was more 

* Lives of the Saints. f Century x. p. 129. 

t "Terrse Sommersetensis alumnus." Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, 
Cent. viii. num. 86. 

$ In my " Ecclesiastical History." 


than the oath of supremacy enjoining the receiver s thereof con 
formity to the king s commands in what alterations soever he 
should afterwards make in religion; which implicit and un 
limited obedience learned casuists allow only due to God him 
self. Besides the oath concluded with " So help me God, and all 
his angels and saints." So that Hooper had just cause to scruple 
the oath ; and was the occasion of the future reforming, whilst 
the king dispensed with his present taking thereof. 

The second thing he boggled at, was the wearing of some 
episcopal habiliments ; but at last, it seemeth, consented there 
unto, and was consecrated bishop of Gloucester. 

His adversaries will say, that the refusing of one is the way 
to get two bishoprics, seeing afterward he held Worcester in 
commendam therewith. But be it known, that as our Hooper 
had double dignity he had treble diligence, painfully preaching 
God s word, piously living as he preached, and patiently dying 
as he lived, being martyred at Gloucester, anno 155 .. 

He was only anative of this shire sufferingfor the testimony of the 
truth ; and on this account we may honour the memory of Gilbert 
Bourn bishop of Bath and Wells in the reign of queen Mary, 
who persecuted no Protestants in his diocese to death, seeing 
it cannot be proved that one Lush was ever burnt, though by 
him condemned. I mention bishop Bourn here the more 
willingly, because I can no where recover the certainty of his 


JOCELINE of WELLS.* Bishop Godwin was convinced, by 
such evidences as he had seen, that he was both born and bred 
in Wells, becoming afterwards the bishop thereof. 

Now whereas his predecessors styled themselves bishops of Glas- 
ton (especially for some few years after their first consecration), 
he first fixed on the title of Bath and Wells, and transmitted it 
to all his successors. In his time the monks of Glastonbury, 
being very desirous to be only subjected to their own abbot, 
purchased their exemption, by parting with four fair manors to 
the see of Wells. 

This Joceline, after his return from his five years exile in 
France (banished with archbishop Langton on the same ac 
count of obstinacy against king John), laid out himself wholly 
on the beautifying and enriching of his cathedral. He erected 
some new prebends ; and, to the use of the chapter, appro 
priated many churches, increasing the revenues of the dignities 
(so fitter called than profits, so mean then their maintenance) ; 
and to the episcopal see he gave three manors of great value. 
He, with Hugo bishop of Lincoln, was the joint founder of the 

* Taken generally out of Bishop Godwin. 


hospital of St. John s in Wells ; and, on his own sole cost, 
built two very fair chapels, one at Wokey, the other at Wells. 
But the church of Wells was the master-piece of his works, not 
so much repaired as rebuilt by him ; and well might he therein 
have been afforded a quiet repose. And yet some have plun 
dered his tomb of his effigies in brass, being so rudely rent off, 
it hath not only defaced his monument, but even hazarded the 
ruin thereof. He sat bishop (which was very remarkable) more 
than thirty-seven years (God, to square his great undertakings, 
giving him a long life to his large heai t), and died 1242. 

FULKE of SAMFORD was born in this county; but in which 
of the Samfords (there being four of that name therein, and 
none elsewhere in England) is hard (and not necessary) to 
decide. He was first preferred treasurer of St. Paul s in Lon 
don, and then by papal bull declared archbishop of Dublin,* 
1256. Matthew Paris calleth him Fulk Basset by mistake. He 
died in his manor of Finglas 12/1, and was buried in the church 
of St. Patrick, in the chapel of St. Mary s, which likely was 
erected by him. 

JOHN of SAMFORD. It is pity to part brethren. He was 
first dean of St. Patrick in Dublin (preferred probably by his 
brother), and for a time escheator of all Ireland.f Indeed the 
office doth " male audire," (sound ill to ignorant ears) ; partly 
because the vicinity thereof to a worse wordj (Esquire and 
Squire are known to be the same) ; partly because some, by 
abusing that office, have rendered it odious to people, which in 
itself was necessary and honourable. For the name escheator 
cometh from the French word eschoir., which signifieth to hap 
pen or fall out ; and he by his place is to search into any 
profit accruing to the crown by casualty, by the condemnation 
of malefactors, persons dying without an heir, or leaving him 
in minority, &c. And whereas every county in England hath 
an escheator, this John of Samford being escheator-general of 
Ireland, his place must be presumed of great trust from the 
king, and profit to himself. 

He was canonically chosen, and by king Edward the First 
confirmed, archbishop of Dublin, 1284, mediately succeeding 
(John de Derlington interposed) his brother Fulke therein ; 
and I cannot readily remember the like instance in any other 
see. For a time he was chief justice of Ireland, and thence 
was sent (with Anthony bishop of Durham) ambassador to the 
emperor; whence returning, he died at London, 1294; and 
had his body carried over into Ireland (an argument that he 
was well respected), and buried in the tomb of his brother in 
the church of St. Patrick s. 

* Sir James Ware, in the Archbishops of Dublin. 

t Sir James Ware, ut supra. J Viz. Cheater. 


THOMAS BECKINTON was born at Beckinton in this county; 
bred in New College,* doctor in the laws, and dean of the 
Arches, till by king Henry the Sixth he was advanced bishop 
of Bath and Wells. 

1. A good Statesman; having written a judicious book to 
prove [the right of] the kings of England to the crown of 
France, notwithstanding the pretended Salique law. 

2. A good Churchman (in the then notion of the word) ; 
professing in his will that he had spent six thousand marks in 
the repairing and adorning of his palaces. 

3. A good Townsman ; besides a legacy given to the town 
where he was born, he built at Wells, where he lived, a fair 
conduit in the market-place. 

4. A good Subject; always loyal to king Henry the Sixth 
even in the lowest condition. 

5. A good Kinsman; plentifully providing for his alliance 
with leases, without the least prejudice to the church. 

6. A good Master ; bequeathing five pounds a-piece to his 
chief, five marks a-piece to his meaner servants, and forty shil 
lings a-piece to his boys. 

7. A good Man ; he gave for his rebus (in allusion to his 
name) a burning Beacon, to which he answered in his nature, 
being " a burning and shining light : " witness his many bene 
factions to Wells church, and the vicars therein ; Winchester, 
New Merton, but chiefly Lincoln College, in Oxford, being 
little less than a second founder thereof.f 

A Beacon (we know) is so called from beckoning ; that is, 
making signs, or giving notice to the next beacon. This bright 
Beacon doth nod, and give hints of bounty to future ages ; but, 
it is to be feared, it will be long before his signs will be 
observed, understood, imitated. Nor was it the least part of 
his prudence, that (being obnoxious to king Edward the Fourth) 
in his life-time he procured the confirmation of his will under 
the broad seal of England, and died January the 14th, 1464. 

RICHARD FITZ-JAMES, doctor at law, was born at Redlinch 
in this county, of right ancient and worshipful extraction ; 
bred at Merton College in Oxford, whereof he became warden ; 
much meriting of that place, wherein he built most beautiful 
lodgings, expending also much on the repair of St. Mary s in 
Oxford. He was preferred bishop, first of Rochester, next of 
Chichester, last of London. 

He was esteemed an excellent scholar, and wrote some 
books, J which, if they ever appeared in public, never descended 
to posterity. He cannot be excused for being over busy with 
fire and faggot in persecuting the poor servants of God in his 

* New College Register, in anno 1408. 

f Extracted and contracted out of Bishop Godwin s Bishops of Bath and Wells. 

t Pits, in Appendice. 


diocese. He deceased anno 1512 ; lieth buried in his cathedral 
(having contributed much to the adorning thereof) in a chapel- 
like tomb, built (it seems) of timber,* which was burnt down 
when the steeple of St. Paul s was set on fire, anno 1561. 
This bishop was brother to judge Fitz- James, lord chief justice, 
who, with their mutual support, much strengthened one another in 
church and state. 

To the Reader. 

I cannot recover any native of this county who was a bishop 
since the Reformation, save only John Hooper, of whom for 
merly in the catalogue of Martyrs. 


Sir AMIAS POULETT, son to Sir Hugh, grandchild to Sir 
Amias Poulett (who put cardinal Wolsey, then but a schoolmas 
ter, in the stocks,f) was born at Hinton Saint George, in this 
county. He was chancellor of the Garter, governor of the Isles 
of Jersey and Guernsey, and privy councillor to queen Eliza 
beth, who chiefly committed the keeping of Mary queen of 
Scots to his fidelity, who faithfully discharged his trust therein. 

I know the Romanists rail on him, as over-strict in his 
charge ; but indeed without cause, for he is no unjust steward 
who to those under him alloweth all his master s allowance, 
though the same be but of the scantiest proportion. Besides, 
it is no news for prisoners (especially if accounting their 
restraint unjust) to find fault with their keepers merely for keep 
ing them. And such who complain of him, if in his place, 
ought to have done the same themselves. 

When secretary Walsingham moved this knight to suffer one 
of his servants to be bribed by the agents of the queen of Scots, 
so to compass the better intelligence, he would in no terms 
yield thereunto. Such conniving at, was consenting to ; and 
such consenting to, in effect, was commanding of such false 
hood. Whereupon the secretary was fain to go further about, 
and make use of an instrument at a greater distance, who was 
no menial servant to Sir Amias. 

He died anno Domini 15 . .; and was buried in London, in 
St. Martin s-in-the-Fields, where his epitaph is all in allusion to 
the three swords in his arms, and three words in his motto, 
" Gardez la Foy," (Keep the Faith.) Which harping on that 
one string of his fidelity (though perchance harsh music to the 
ears of others) was harmonious to queen Elizabeth. 


JOHN FITZ-JAMES, Knight, was born at Redlinch in this 
county, of right ancient and worthy parentage; bred in the 
study of our municipal laws, wherein he proved so great a pro- 
Bishop Godwin s words are, e materie. 
t Godwin, in the Life of king Henry the Eighth. 


ficient, that, by king Henry the Eighth, he was advanced chief 
justice of the King s Bench. There needs no more be said of 
his merit, save that king Henry the Eighth preferred him, who 
never used either dunce or drone in church or state, but men of 
ability and activity. He sat above thirteen years in his place, de 
meaning himself so that he lived and died in the king s favour. 

He sat one of the assistants when Sir Thomas More was 
arraigned for refusing the oath of supremacy, and was shrewdly 
put to it to save his own conscience, and not incur the king s 
displeasure : for chancellor Audley, supreme judge in that place 
(being loath that the whole burthen of More s condemnation 
should lie on his shoulders alone), openly in court asked the 
advice of the lord chief justice Fitz-James, " whether the in 
dictment were sufficient or no ?" To whom our judge warily 
returned: " My lords all, by St. Gillian," which was ever his 
oath, " I must needs confess, that, if the Act of Parliament be 
not unlawful, then the indictment is not in my conscience 

He died in the thirtieth year of king Henry the Eighth ; and 
although now there be none left at Redlinch of his name and 
family, they flourish still at Lewson in Dorsetshire, descended 
from Alured Fitz-James (brother to this judge, and to Richard 
bishop of London), whose heir in a direct line, Sir John Fitz- 
James, knight, I must acknowledge a strong encourager of my 
weak endeavours. 

JOHN PORTMAN, Knight, was born of wealthy and worship 
ful extraction at Portman s Orchard in this county ; a fail- 
manor, which descended to him by inheritance ; the heir of the 
Orchards being matched into his family. He was bred in the 
study of the common law, attaining to such eminency therein, 
that, June 1 1, the second of queen Mary, he was made chief 
justice of the King s Bench, continuing two years in the place, 
and dying therein for ought I find to the contrary ; and a baro- 
netf of his name and lineage flourisheth at this day with a great 
and plentiful estate. 

DAVID BROOKE, Knight, born at Glastonbury, son to John 
Brook, esquire, who (as I read in ClarencieuxJ) was serjeant 
at law to king Henry the Eighth. Our David was also bred in 
the study of our laws ; and, in the first of queen Mary, was 
made chief baron of the Exchequer ; but whether dying in, or 
quitting the place, in the first of queen Elizabeth, I am not 
informed. He married Katharine daughter of John Lord 
Shandois ; but died without issue. 

* Mr. More, in the printed Life of his Grandfather Sir Thomas More, p. 334. 

f The baronetcy is extinct ED. 

J In the original of his last visitation of Somersetshire. 


JAMES DYER, Knight, younger son to Richard Dyer, 
Esquire, was born at Roundhill in this county, as may appear 
to any by the heralds visitation thereof, and doth also to me 
by particular information from his relations. 

He was bred in the study of our municipal law ; and was 
made lord chief justice of the Common Pleas, primo Eliz., 
continuing therein twenty-four years,* longer (if my eye or 
arithmetic fail me not) than any in that place before or after 
him. When Thomas duke of Norfolk was, anno 1572, ar 
raigned for treason, this judge was present thereat, on the same 
token, that, when the duke desired counsel to be assigned him, 
pleading " that it was granted to Humphry Stafford, in the reign 
of king Henry the Seventh;" our judge returned unto him, 
" that Stafford had it allowed him only as to point of law, then 
in dispute,t viz. whether he was legally taken out of the sanc 
tuary ; but .as for matter of fact, neither he nor any ever had, or 
could have, any counsel allowed him ;" a course observed in 
such cases unto this day. 

But let " his own works praise him in the gates,"! is known 
for the place of public justice amongst the Jews. Let his learned 
writings, called his " Commentaries," or " Reports," evidence 
his abilities in his profession. 

He died in 25 Eliz. (though married) without any issue ; and 
there is a house of a baronet of his name (descended from an 
elder son of Richard, father to our judge) at Great Stoughton 
in Huntingdonshire, well improved, I believe, with the addition 
of the judge s estate. 

Sir JOHN POPHAM, of most ancient descent, was born at 
Huntworth in this county. In his youthful days he was as 
stout and skilful a man at sword and buckler, as any in that age, 
and wild enough in his recreations. But oh ! if quicksilver 
could be really fixed, to what a treasure would it amount! 
Such is wild youth seriously reduced to gravity, as by this 
young man did appear. He applied himself to a more profit 
able fencing, the study of the laws, therein attaining to such 
eminency, that he became the queen s attorney, and afterwards 
lord chief justice of England. 

Being sent, anno 1600, by the queen, with some others, to 
the earl of Essex, to know the cause of the confluence of so 
many military men unto his house, the soldiers therein detained 
him for a time, which some did make tantamount to an impri 
sonment. This his violent detention Sir John deposed upon 
his oath at the earl s trial, || which I note the rather for the rarity 
thereof, that a lord chief justice should be produced as witness 
in open court. 

* Sir Henry Spelman s Glossary. f Camden s Elizabeth, anno 1570. 

f Proverbs xxxi. 31. So it appears to me, on my best examination. 

II Camden s Elizabeth, anno 1600. 


In the beginning of the reign of king James, his justice was 
exemplary on thieves and robbers. The land then swarmed 
with people which had been soldiers, who had never gotten (or 
else quite for gotten) any other vocation. Hard it was for peace 
to feed all the idle mouths which a former war did breed ; being 
too proud to beg, too lazy to labour. Those infected the high 
ways with their felonies ; some presuming on their multitudes, 
as the robbers on the northern road, whose knot (otherwise not 
to be untied) Sir John cut asunder with the sword of Justice. 

He possessed king James how the frequent granting of par 
dons was prejudicial to justice, rendering the judges to the 
contempt of insolent malefactors ; which made his majesty more 
sparing afterward in that kind. In a word, the deserved death 
of some scores preserved the lives and livelihoods of more 
thousands ; travellers owing their safety to this judge s severity 
many years after his death, which happened anno Domini 16 .. 


JOHN COURCY, baron of Stoke-Courcy in this county, was 
the first Englishman who invaded and subdued Ulster in Ire 
land; therefore deservedly created earl thereof.* He was 
afterward surprised by Hugh Lacy (co-rival for his title>, sent 
over into England, and imprisoned by king John in the Tower 
of London. 

A French castle, being in controversy, was to have the title 
thereof tried by combat, the kings of England and France be 
holding it. Courcy being a lean lank body, with staring eyes 
(prisoners, with the wildness of their looks, revenge the close 
ness of their bodies) is sent for out of the Tower, to undertake 
the Frenchman; and, because enfeebled with long durance, a 
large bill of fare was allowed him, to recruit his strength. The 
Monsieur, hearing how much he had eat and drunk, and guess 
ing his courage by his stomach, or rather stomach by his appe 
tite, took him for a cannibal, who would devour him at the last 
course ; and so he declined the combat. 

Afterwards the two kings, desirous to see some proof of 
Courcy s strength, caused a steel helmet to be laid on a block 
before him. Courcy, looking about him with a grim coun 
tenance (as if he intended to cut with his eyes as well as with 
his arms), sundered the helmet at one blow into two pieces, 
striking the sword so deep into the wood, that none but himself 
could pull it out again. 

Being demanded the cause why he looked so sternly, " Had 
I," said he, <( failed of my design, I would have killed the kings 
and all in the place;" words well spoken because well taken, all 
persons present being then highly in good humour. Hence it 
is, that the lord Courcy, baron of Kingrone, second baron in 

" The effect of what follows is taken out of the Irish Annals, at the end of 
Camden s Britannia F. 

H 2 


Ireland, claimed a privilege (whether by patent or prescription, 
charter or custom, I know not) after their first obeisance, to be 
covered in the king s presence, if process of time hath not anti 
quated the practice. 

His devotion was equal to his valour, being a great founder 
and endower of religious houses. In one thing he frailly failed, 
turning the church of the Holy Trinity in Down into the church 
of St. Patrick, for which (as the story saith) he was condemned 
never to return into Ireland, though attempting it fifteen several 
times, but repelled with foul weather. He afterwards went over, 
and died in France, about the year 1210. 

MATTHEW GOURNAY was born at Stoke-under-Hamden in 
this county, where his family had long flourished since the Con 
quest, and there built both a castle and a college. But our 
Matthew was the honour of the house, renowned under the 
reign of king Edward the Third, having fought in seven several 
signal set battles :* viz. 1. At the siege of Algiers, against the 
Saracens; 2. At the battle of Benemazin, against the same. 
3. Sluce, a sea-fight against the French; 4. Crescy, a land- 
fight against the same ; 5. Ingen, 6. Poictiers, pitched fights 
against the French ; 7- Nazaran, under the Black Prince, 
in Spain. His armour was beheld by martial men with much 
civil veneration, with whom his faithful buckler was a relic of 

But it added to the wonder, that our Matthew, who did lie 
and watch so long on the bed of honour, should die in the bed 
of peace, aged ninety and six years, f about the beginning of king 
Richard the Second. He lieth buried under a fair monument in 
the church of Stoke aforesaid, whose epitaph, legible in the last 
age, is since (I suspect) defaced. 


Sir AMIAS PRESTON, Knight, was descended of an ancient 
family, who have a habitation at Cricket, nigh Crewkerne in this 
county. He was a valiant soldier, and active seaman ; wit 
ness in 8, when he seized on the admiral of the Galiasses, 
wherein Hugh de Moncada the governor, making resistance, 
with most of his men, were burnt or killed, and Mr. Preston 
(as yet not knighted) shared in a vast treasure of gold taken 
therein .J 

Afterwards, anno 1595, he performed a victorious voyage to 
the West Indies, wherein he took, by assault, the isle of Puerto 
Santo, invaded the isle of Coche, surprised the fort and town of 
Coro, sacked the stately city of St. Jago, put the town of 
Cumana to ransom, entered Jamaica with little loss, some 

Camden s Britannia, in this county. f Camden, ut prius. 

t Camden s Elizabeth, in 88. Hackluyt s Travels, part III. page 578. 


profit, and more honour ; safely returned, within the space of 
six months, to Milford Haven in Wales. 

I have been informed, from excellent hands, that, on some 
distaste, he sent a challenge to Sir Walter Raleigh ; which Sir 
Walter declined, without any abatement to his valour (wherein 
he had abundantly satisfied all possibility of suspicion), and 
great advancement of his judgment; for, having a fair and fixed 
estate, with wife and children, being a privy councillor, and lord- 
warden of the Stanneries, he thought it an uneven lay to stake 
himself against Sir Amias, a private and (as I take it) a single 
person ; though of good birth and courage, yet of no consider 
able estate. This also is consonant to what he hath written 
so judiciously about duels, condemning those for ill honours 
" where the hangman gives the gailand."* However, these two 
knights were afterwards reconciled, and Sir Amias (as I collect) 
died about the beginning of the reign of king James. 


GILDAS, surnamed the WISE, was born in the city of Bath ; 
and therefore it is that he is called Badonicus.^ He was eight 
years junior to another Gildas, called Albanius, whose nativity I 
cannot clear to belong to our Britain. He was also otherwise 
sur-styled Quemlus, because the little we have of his writing is 
only " a complaint." Yet was he none of those whom the 
Apostle^ condemneth. These are, " murmurers, complainers," 
&c. (taxing only such who either were impious against God, or 
uncharitable against men ; complaining of them either without 
cause or without measure) ; whilst our Gildas only inveigheth 
against the sins, and bemoaneth the sufferings, of that wicked 
and woeful age wherein he lived ; calling the clergy Monies 
Malitia* ; the Britons generally, Atramentum Seculi. 

He wrote many books, though we have none of them extant 
at this day (some few fragments excepted, inserted amongst the 
manuscript canons), but his aforesaid history, This makes me 
more to wonder that so learned a critic as Dr. Jerrard Vossius 
should attribute the comedy of " Aulularia"in Plautus to this 
our Gildas, merely because that comedy is otherwise commonly 
called " Querulus ;" whereas indeed their language is different : 
that in "Aulularia" tolerably pure (though perchance coarser 
than the rest in Plautus) ; whilst the style of Gildas is hardly 
with sense to be climbed over, it is so harsh and barbarous. 
Besides, I do not believe that Gildas had a drop of comical 
blood in his veins, or any inclination to mirth and festivity ; and 
if he had prepared any thing scenical to be acted on the theatre, 
certainly it would have been a tragedy relating to the ruin and 

* History of the World, lib. v. page 548. 

f Usher, De Britannicse Ecclesise Primordio, in his Chronologies. + Jade 18. 

In his second book de Historicis Latinis, in the end of the 25th chapter.; 


destruction of his nation. Some variety there is about the date 
of his death, which most probably is assigned anno 570. 

MAURICE SOMERSET carried this comity of his nativity about 
with him in his name ; and was bred first a Cistercian monk in 
Ford Abbey ; then studied in Oxford, and became a good writer 
both in prose and verse. His deserts preferred him abbot of 
Wells, which in his old age he resigned, loving ease above ho 
nour. Some books he dedicated to his diocesan, Reginald 
bishop of Bath; and flourished anno 1193.* 

ALEXANDER of ESSEBIE is (saith my authorf) by some ac 
counted a Somerset, by others a Stafford-shire man ; and there 
fore by our fundamental laws (laid down in our preface, to de 
cide differences about nativities) falls to the share of this county. 
He was the prince of English poets in his age ; and in imitation 
of Ovid de Fastis, put our Christian festivals into verse, setting 
a copy therein to Baptista Mantuanus. 

Then, leaving Ovid, he aspired to Virgil, and wrote the His 
tory of the Bible (with the lives of some saints) in an heroical 
poem ; and, though falling far short of Virgil, went beyond him 
self therein. He afterward became prior of Esseby Abbey,J 
belonging to the Augustins ; and flourished under king Henry 
the Third, anno Domini 1220. 

ADAMUS de MARISCO, or ADAM of MARSH, was born in this 
county, where there be plenty of marshes in the fenny part 
thereof. But I take Brent-marsh, as the principal, the most 
probable place for his nativity. It seemeth that a foggy air is 
no hinderance to a refined wit, whose infancy and youth in this 
place was so full of pregnancy. He afterwards went to Oxford, 
and there became D. D. It is argument enough to persuade 
any indifferent man into a belief of his abilities, because that 
Robert Grosthead, that learned and pious bishop of Lincoln, 
made use of his pains, that they might jointly peruse and com 
pare the Scripture. He became afterwards a Franciscan friar in 
Worcester, and furnished the library thereof with most excel 
lent manuscripts ; for then began the emulation in England be- 
t monasteries, which should outvie other for most and best 
books. He flourished anno Domini 1257. I cannot grieve 
heartily for this Adam s loss of the bishopric of Ely, because 

Hugo de Balsham his co-rival got it from him, the founder of 
1 eter-house in Cambridge. 

* Pits, cetat. 12, num. 2/1. 

Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 29 

n? r Y r ere is th - is IT F Ansvver - Canons Ashb y> or Esseb y. was a sma11 

pnoiy o Black Canons in Northamptonshire. ED 

1657 Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 12; and Pits, in anno 



HENRY CUFFE was born at St. George Hinton in this 
county, as the late Lord Powlett, baron thereof, did inform me, 
though none of that name left there at this day. He was after 
wards fellow of Merton College in Oxford, and secretary to 
Robert earl of Essex, with whom he engaged in his rising, anno 
1600, being arraigned at Westminster for his life. Sir Edward 
Cook (then but the queen s attorney) disputed syllogistically 
against him ; whom Cuffe, an admirable logician, could, cceteris 
paribus, well have encountered. But power will easily make a 
solecism to be a syllogism. The most pregnant proof brought 
against him was a verse out of Lucan alleged by him ; for, when 
the earl, sitting in consultation with his complices, demanded 
their advice, whether he should proceed in their design, or de 
sist, Mr. Cuffe returned, 

" Viribus utendum est quas fecimus ; artna ferenti 
Omnia dat qui justa negat."* 

This, I may say, proved his neck-verse, being attested against 
him ; for which he suffered. He wrote an excellent book <e of 
the difference of the ages of man ;" a rare piece indeed, though 
not altogether so hard to be procured, as worthy to be perused. 

[S. N.] Sir JOHN HARRINGTON, Knight ; where born I 
know not : sure I am he had a fair estate at Kelston near Bath 
in this county ; and is eminent for his confessor extraction. f 

His father, only for carrying a letter to the Lady (afterwards 
queen) Elizabeth, by Bishop Gardiner kept twelves months in 
the Tower, and made to spend 1000 pounds ere he could get 
free of that trouble. 

His mother, servant to the Lady Elizabeth, was, by Gardi 
ner s command, sequestered from her as an heretic, and her 
husband enjoined not to keep company with her. 

dueen Elizabeth was godmother to this Sir John; and he 
was bred in Cambridge, where Doctor Still was his tutor ; but 
whether whilst he was fellow of Christ^ or master of St. John s, 
is to me unknown. He afterward proved one of the most inge 
nious poets of our English nation : witness his translation of 
Orlando Furioso out of the Italian, dedicated to the Lady Eli 
zabeth, since queen of Bohemia, and the several pieces of his 
own invention. 

It happened that, while the said Sir John repaired often to 
an ordinary in Bath, a female attendress at the table, neglecting 
other gentlemen who sat higher, and were of greater estates, 
applied herself wholly to him, accommodating him with all ne 
cessaries, and preventing his asking any thing with her officious- 
ness. She being demanded by him the reason of her so careful 

" The words of the poet are somewhat different F. 

f In his continuance of Bishop Godwin, in his Bishops of Winchester. 


waiting on him ? " I understand," said she, " you are a very 
witty man ; and if I should displease you in any thing, I fear 
you would make an epigram of me/ 

A posthume book of his is come forth, as an addition to 
bishop Godwin s Catalogue of Bishops ; wherein (beside mis 
takes) some tart reflections in Uxoratos Episcopos might well 
have been spared. In a word, he was a poet in all things save 
in his wealth, leaving a fair estate to a learned and religious son, 
and died about the middle of the reign of king James. 

SAMUEL DANIEL, was born not far from Taunton in this 
county ;* w r hose faculty was a master of music : and his harmo 
nious mind made an impression on his son s genius, who proved 
an exquisite poet. He carried in his Christian and surname two 
holy prophets, his monitors, so to qualify his raptures, that he 
abhorred all profaneness. 

He was also a judicious historian ; witness his " Lives of our 
English Kings, since the Conquest, until king Edward the 
Third;" wherein he hath the happiness to reconcile brevity 
with clearness, qualities of great distance in other authors ; a 
work since commendably continued (but not with equal quick 
ness and judgment) by Mr. Trussell. 

He was a servant in ordinary to queen Anne, who allowed . 
him a fair salary. As the tortoise burieth himself all the winter 
in the ground, so Mr. Daniel would lie hid at his garden-house 
in Old street, nigh London, for some months together (the 
more retiredly to enjoy the company of the Muses) ; and then 
would appear in public, to converse with his friends, whereof 
Dr. Cowel and Mr. Camden were principal. 

Some tax him to smack of the old cask, as resenting of the 
Romish religion ; but they have a quicker palate than I, who 
can make any such discovery. In his old age he turned hus 
bandman, and rented a farm in Wiltshire nigh the Devises. I 
can give no account how he thrived thereupon ; for, though he 
was well versed in Virgil, his fellow husbandman poet, yet there 
is more required to make a rich farmer, than only to" say his 
Georgics by heart ; and I question whether his Italian will fit 
our English husbandry. Besides, I suspect that Mr. Daniel s 
fancy was too fine and sublimated, to be wrought down to his 
private profit. 

Ho\yever, he had neither a bank of wealth, or lank of want; 

living in a competent condition. By Justina his wife he had 

10 child j and I am unsatisfied both in the place and time of 

death ; but collect the latter to be about the end of the reign of 

king James. 

HUMPHRY SIDENHAM was born at Dalverton in this county, 
* So am I certified by some of his [late surviving] acquaintance F. 


of a most ancient and worshipful family; bred fellow of Wad- 
ham College; so eloquent a preacher that he was commonly 
called silver-tongued Sidenham. But let his own printed ser 
mons (and especially that called " The Athenian Babler") set 
forth his deserved praise, who died since our civil distempers, 
about the year 1650. 


JOHN GIBBON was undoubtedly born in this county, though 
herein Pits presents us with an untoward and left-handed di 
rection, "Patrica Somersetensis, Diocesis Wintoniensis."* 
Now either Winchester is imprinted for Wells, or he was born 
in this county in some peculiar belonging to Winchester, which 
See hath large revenues about Taunton. Leaving the land for 
his religion, Pope Gregory XIII. collated on him a canon s 
place in the church of Bonn. This he soon quitted, and became 
rector of the Jesuits College in Triers. He wrote a book 
against G. Schon, professor at Heydelberg, in vindication that 
the Pope was not antichrist. Being indisposed in health, his 
hearing of the defeat of the Spanish Armada was no cordial 
unto him, and he died anno 1589. 

ROBERT PERSON was born in this county ;f bred in Baliol 
College in Oxford, till for his viciousness he was expelled 
thence with disgrace. Running to Rome, and there finishing 
the course of his studies, he with Campian were the first brace 
of English Jesuits, who returned hither 1589 to preserve this 
nation. J Two years after he escaped hence, and got beyond 
the seas. 

One of a troublesome spirit, wherewith some moderate Ro 
manists were so offended, that (during his abode here) they once 
resolved to resign him up to the queen s officers. He had an 
ill-natured wit, biassed to satiricalness : a great statesman (and 
it was not the least part of his policy to provide for his own 
safety ;) who w^ould look on, direct, give ground, abet on other 
men s hands, but never played so as to adventure himself into 

He wrote a shrewd book <c of the Succession to the English 
Crown ;" setting it forth under the false name of Dolman || (a dull 
secular priest, guilty of little learning, and less policy) ; dedi 
cating the same to the earl of Essex. He had an authoritative 
influence on all English Catholics ; nothing of importance being 
agitated by them but Person had a finger, hand, arm therein. 
He was for twenty-three years rector of the College at Rome, 
where he died anno Domini 1610. 

f Pits, de Angliae Scriptoribus, p. 788. t Idem, anno 1610. 

t Camden s Elizabeth, in anno 1580. 

Camden s Elizabeth, 1580. || Idem, anno 1594. 


JOHN FEN was born at Montacute in this county ;* bred in 
New College in Oxford, where he proceeded bachelor in laws, 
continuing there till (anno Domini 1562) for his popish activity 
he was ejected by the queen s commissioners. Then for a time 
he lived schoolmaster at St. Edmund s Bury, till ousted there on 
the same account. Hence hefled over into Flanders ; thence into 
Italy ; whence returning, at last he was fixed at Louvain. He 
wrote many, and translated more books ; living to finish his 
jubilee, or fiftieth year of exile, beyond the seas, where he died 
about the year of our Lord 1613. Let me add, that this John 
Fen mindeth me of another of the same surname, and as 
violent on contrary principles ; viz. Humphrey Fen, a non 
conformist minister, living about Coventry, who, in the preface 
to his last will, " made such a protestation against the hierarchy 
and ceremonies, that, when his will was brought to be proved, f 
the preface would not be suffered to be put amongst the records 
of the court ; as which indeed was no limb, but a wen of his 

JOHN COLLJNGTON was born in this county,:}: bred in Lincoln 
College in Oxford. Going beyond the seas, and there made 
priest, he returned into England, and with Campian was taken, 
cast into the Tower of London, and condemned, but afterwards 
reprieved, enlarged, and sent beyond the seas. Hence he return 
ed, and for thirty years together zealously advanced his own re 
ligion, being assistant to the two arch-priests^ and he himself 
supplied the place in the vacancy betwixt them. He could not 
but be a very aged man ; who, though in restraint, was alive 1611. 


The Lady MOHUN. Reader, know I can surround the Chris 
tian names of her nearest relations. Her husband was John, 
the last lord Mohun of Dunstor. The eldest daughter, Philip, 
married to Edward duke of York; her second, Elizabeth, to 
William Montacute earl of Salisbury; her youngest, Maud, 
matched to the Lord Strange of Knockyn, but her own Christian 
name I cannot recover. 

However, she hath left a worthy memory behind her, chiefly 
on this account, that she obtained from her husband so much 
good ground for the commons of the town of Dunstor as she 
could in one day (believe it a summer one for her ease and ad 
vantage) compass about going on her naked feet. Surely no 
ingenious scholar beheld her in that her charitable perambula 
tion, but in effect vented his wishes in the poet s expression, 

" All ! tibi ne teneras tellus secet aspera plantas. || 

" New College Register, anno 1555. 

See Master Clark, in the Life of Juliane Harring, p. 462 F. 

it s Anglise Scriptores, p. 807, Camden s Britannia, in this county. 

II Vigil, Eclog. decima. 


The certain date of her death is unknown, which by proportion 
is conjectured in the reign of king Henry the Fifth. 


NICHOLAS WADHAM, of Merrifield, in this county, Esquire, 

had great length in his extraction, breadth in his estate, and depth 

in his liberality. His hospital house was an Inn at all times, a 

court at Christmas. He married Dorothy, daughter to the 

secretary, sister to the first lord Petre. 

Absalom, having no children, reared up for himself a pillar 
to perpetuate his name.* This worthy pair, being issueless, 
erected that which hath, doth, and will afford many pillars to 
church and state, the uniform and regular (nothing defective 
or superfluous therein) college of ^Vadham in Oxford. Had 
this worthy Esquire (being a great patron of church-livings) 
annexed some benefices thereunto (which may be presumed 
rather forgotten than neglected by him) it had, for completeness 
of fabric and endowment, equalled any English foundation. 

If he was (which some suggest) a Romanist in his judgment, 
his charity is the more commendable, to build a place for per 
sons of a different persuasion. Whilst we leave the invisible 
root to the Searcher of hearts, let us thankfully gather the good 
fruit which grew from it. He died before his college was 
finished, his estate by coheirs descending to Strangeways, 
Windham, White, &c.; and he lieth buried with his wife 
under a stately monument in the fair church of Ilminster. 

PHILIP Biss was extracted from a worshipful family in this 
county, who have had their habitation in Spargrave for some de 
scents, being bred fellow and doctor in divinity in Magdalen 
College in Oxford ; he was afterwards preferred archdeacon of 
Taunton. A learned man, and great lover of learning. Now 
though it be most true what reverend bishop Hall was wont to 
say, " Of friends and books, good and few are best " yet this 
doctor had good and many of both kinds ; and at his death be 
queathed his library (consisting of so many folios as were valued 
at one thousand pounds) to Wadham College, then newly 

This epitaph was made upon him, wherein nothing of wit, 
save the verbal allusion which made itself without any pains of 
the author thereof: 

Jiis fuit hie natus, puer et Sis, Bis juvenisque. 
Sis vir, Bisque senex, His doctor, Bisque Sacerdos.f 

I collect, by probable proportion, that his death happened 
about the year 1614. 

* 2 Samuel xviii. IS. f Camden s Remains, p. 380. 



Sir JOHN CHAMPNEIS, son of Robert Champneis, was born 
at Chew in this county ; but bred a skinner in London, and 
lord Mayor thereof, anno 1535. Memorable he is on this account, 
that, whereas before his time there were no turrets in London 
(save what in churches and public structures) he was the first 
private man, who, in his house, next Cloth-workers hall, built 
one, to oversee his neighbours in the city,* which delight of his 
eye was punished with blindness some years before his death. 
But seeing "prying into God s secrets is a worse sin than over 
looking men s houses," I dare not concur with so censorious an 
author,t because every consequent of a fact is not the punish 
ment of a fault therein. 4 

THOMAS GORIAT. Though some will censure him, as a person 
rather ridiculous than remarkable, he must not be omitted; for, 
first, few would be found to call him fool, might none dp it save 
such who had as much learning as himself. Secondly, if others 
have more wisdom than he, thankfulness and humility is the 
way to preserve and increase it. 

He was born at Odcombe nigh Evil, in this county ; bred at 
Oxford, where he attained to admirable fluency in the Greek 
tongue. He carried folly (which the charitable called merriment) 
in his very face. The shape of his head had no promising form, 
being like a sugar-loaf inverted, with the little end before, as 
composed of fancy and memory, without any common-sense. 

Such as conceived him fool ad duo, and something else ad 
decem, were utterly mistaken : for he drave on no design, carry 
ing for coin and counters alike ; so contented with what was 
present, that he accounted those men guilty of superfluity, ^who 
had more suits and shirts than bodies, seldom putting off either 
till they were ready to go away from him. 

Prince Henry allowed him a pension, and kept him for his 
servant. Sweet-meats and Coriat made up the last course at all 
court entertainments. Indeed he was the courtiers anvil to 
try their wits upon: and sometimes this anvil returned the 
hammers as hard knocks as it received, his bluntness repaying 
their abusiveness. 

His book, known by the name of " Coriat s Crudities," nau 
seous to nice readers, for the rawness thereof, is not altogether 
useless ; though the porch be more worth than the palace, I 
mean, the preface, of other men s mock-commending verses 

At last he undertook to travel into the East Indies by land, 
mounted on a horse with ten toes, being excellently qualified 
for such a journey; for rare his dexterity (so properly as con- 

* Stow s Survey of London, p. 137. f Idem, ibidem. 


sisting most in manual signs) in interpreting and answering the 
dumb tokens of nations, whose language he did not understand. 
Besides,, such his patience in all distresses, that in some sort 
he might seem, cooled with heat, fed with fasting, and refreshed 
with weariness. All expecting his return with more knowledge 
(though not more wisdom), he ended his earthly pilgrimage in 
the midst of his Indian travel, about (as I collect) the year of 
our Lord 1616. 


1. John Champneis, son of Robert Champneis, of Chew, 
Skinner; 1535. 

2. George Bond, son of Rob. Bond, of Trull, Haberdasher ; 1588. 

Know, reader, this is one of the ten pretermitted counties, 
the names of whose gentry were not, by the Commissioners, re 
turned into the Tower, in the twelfth of king Henry the Sixth. 


This county had the same with Dorsetshire until the ninth 
year of queen Elizabeth ; since which time, these following have 
born the office in this county alone. 


Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

9 Maur. Berkley, mil. . . Bruiton. 

G. a chevron between ten crosses formee Arg. 

10 Geo. Norton, mil. 

11 Hen. Portman, arm. . . Orchard. 

O. a flower-de-luce Az. 

12 Th. Lutterel, arm. . . Dunster Ca. 

O. a bend betwixt six martlets S. 

13 Geo. Rogers, arm. . . Cannington. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three bucks current S. attired O. 

14 Joh. Horner, arm. . . Melles. 

S. three talbots passant Arg. 

15 Jo. Sydenham, arm. . Brompton. 

Arg. three rams S. 

16 Joh. Stowell, mil. . . Stawell. 

G. cross lozengee Arg, 

17 Christop. Kenne, arm. Courtwick. 

Erm. three half-moons G. 

18 Tho. Mallet, arm. . . Enmore. 

Az. three escallops O. 

19 Geo. Sydenham, arm. . ut prius. 

20 Joh. Colles, arm. 

21 Joh. Brett. 

22 Maur. Rodney, arm. . Rodney Stoke. 

O. three eaglets displayed, Purpure. 


Anno Name. Place. 

23 Hen. Newton, arm. 

Arg. on a chevron Az. three garbs. O. 

24 Joh. Buller, arm. 

S. on a plain cross Arg. quarter pierced, four eaglets of 
the field. 

25 Ar. Hopton, arm. . . Witham. 

Arg. two bars S. each with three mullets of six points O. 

26 Gabr. Hawley, arm. 

Vert, a saltire engrailed O. 

27 Nic. Sidenham, arm. . ut prlus. 

28 Joh. Clifton, mil. . . Barrington. 

S. semee of cinquefoils, a lion rampant Arg. 

29 Hen. Berkley, mil, . . ut prlus. 

30 Edw. Sainthorp, arm. 

31 Sam. Norton, arm. 

32 Hugo Portman, arm. . ut prius. 

33 Joh. Harington, arm. 

S. a fret Arg. 

34 Geo. Speke, arm. . . Whitlackington. 

Arg. two bars Az. ; over all an eagle displayed G. 

35 Geo. Lutterel, arm. . ut prius. 

36 [AMP.] Hen. Walrond. 

37 Joh. Francis, arm. . . Combe Flouree. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three mullets G. pierced. 

38 Joh. Stowel, mil. . . ut prius. 

39 Joh. Colles, arm. 

40 Joh. Gennings, arm. . Burton. 

Az. a chevron O. betwixt three bezants ; on a chief Erm. 
three cinquefoils G. 

41 Geo. Rodney, arm. . . ut prius. 

42 Hugo. Portman, mil. . ut prius. 

43 Joh. Mallet, arm. . . ut prius. 

44 Joh. May, arm. . . . Charterhouse Heyden. 

S. a chevron O. betwixt three roses Arg. ; a chief of the 

45 Edw. Rogers, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Edw. Rogers, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Joh. Windham, mil. . Orchard. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three lions heads erased O. 

3 Tho. Homer, arm. . . ut prius. 

4 Joh. Portman, arm. . ut prius. 

5 Edw. Hext, mil. . . . Ham. 

O. a castle betwixt three pole-axes S. 

6 Edw. Gorges, mil. . . Wraxal. 

Masculy, O. and Az. 


Anno Name. Place. 

7 Geo. Lutterel, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Francis Baber, arm. . Chew Mag. 

Arg. on a fess G. three falcons heads erased of the first. 

9 Jo. Rodney, mil. et . ut prius. 
Hugo Smith, mil. . . Ashton. 

G. on a chevron betwixt three cinque foils O. pierced 
as many leopards heads S. 

10 Rob. Hendley, arm. . Leigh. 

Az. a lion rampant Arg. crowned O. ; within a border of 
the second an entoyre of eight torteaux. 

11 Nat. -Still, arm. 

12 Joh. Homer, mil. . , ut prius. 

13 Earth. Michel, mil. 

Parti per fess G. and S. a chevron Arg. betwixt three 

swans proper. 
Joh. Colles, arm. 

14 Joh. Paulet, arm. . . Hinton St. George. 

S. three swords in pile Arg. 

15 Rob. Hopton, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Theob. Newton, mil. . ut prius. 

17 Jo. Trevilian, arm. . . Nettlecombe. 

G. a demi-horse Arg. issuing out of the waves of the sea. 

18 Hen. Hendley, arm. . ut prius. 

19 Marmad. Gennings, arm. ut prius. 

20 Edw. Popham, arm. 

Arg. on a chief G. two bucks heads O. 

21 Will. Francis, arm. . . ut prius. 

22 Th. Windham, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Rob. Philips, mil. : . Montacute. 

Arg. a chevron between three roses G. 

2 Joh. Symmes, arm. . . Pounsford. 

Az. three scallops in base O. 

3 Joh. Latch, arm. . . Langford. 

Arg. on a fess wavy three lozenges O. between as many 
ineschocheons G. 

4 Joh. Stowell, mil. . . ut prius. 

5 Tho. Thynne, mil. . . WILTSHIRE. 

Barry of ten, O. and S. 

6 Fr. Dodington, mil. . . Loxton. 

S. three hunters horns Arg. 

7 Th. Lutterel, arm. . . ut prius. 

8 Will. Walrond, arm. . ut prius. 

9 Joh. Carew, mil. 

O. three lions passant S. armed and langued G. 


Anno Name. Place. 

10 Hen. Hodges, arm. . . Hasilbere. 

O. three crescents; and in a canton S. a ducal crown of 
the first. 

11 [AMP.] Joh. Basset, arm. 


14 Will. Evvens, arm. 

S. a fess between two flowers-de-luce Or. 


18 \Bellum nobis IKRC otia fecit. 


20 ) 


22 Rich. Cole, arm. . . . Nailsle. 

Parti -per pale Arg. and G. a bull passant counterchanged. 


14. JOHN PAULET, Armiger. He was son to Sir Anthony 
Paulet, (governor of Jersey) by the sole daughter of Henry Lord 
Norrice, being the sole sister to the brood of many martial bre 
thren. A very accomplished gentleman, of quick and clear parts : 
a bountiful housekeeper, so that king Charles consigned Mon 
sieur Soubize unto him, who gave him and his retinue many 
months liberal entertainment. The said king afterwards cre 
ated him baron Paulet of Hinton St. George, in this county, 
descended to him from the Denbaudes, the ancient owners 
thereof. He married Elizabeth, the daughter and sole heir of 
Christopher Ken of Ken castle in the same shire, esquire, 
whose right honourable son and heir John Lord Paulet now suc- 
ceedeth in that barony. 


None have been fought in this county, which come properly 
under this notion. Indeed the skirmish at Martial s Elm (some 
thing military and ominous in the name thereof) fought 1642, 
made much noise in men s ears (a musket gave then a greater 
report than a cannon since) ; and is remembered the more, be 
cause conceived first to break the peace of this nation, long res 
tive and rusty in ease and quiet. 

As for the encounter at Langport, where the king s forces un 
der the Lord Goring were defeated by the Parliament s, July 
12, 1645, it was rather a flight than a fight; like the battle of 
Spurs (fought many years since) ; the horse, by their speed, 
well saving themselves, whilst the poor foot (pawned in the 
place) paid dearly for it. And henceforward the sun of the king s 
cause declined, verging more and more westward, till at last it 


set in Cornwall, and since (after a long and dark night) rose 
again by God s goodness in the east, when our gracious sove 
reign arrived at Dover. 


May He, who bindeth the sea in a girdle of sand, confine it 
within the proper limits thereof, that Somersetshire may never 
see that sad accident return, which happened here 1607 , when, 
by the eruption of the Severn sea, much mischief was, more had 
been done, if the west wind had continued longer with the like 
violence. The country was overflowed, almost twenty miles in 
length, and four in breadth, and yet but eighty persons drowned 
therein. It was then observable that creatures of contrary na 
tures, dogs, hares, foxes, conies, cats, mice, getting up to the 
tops of some hills, dispensed at that time with their antipathies, 
remaining peaceably together, without sign of fear or violence 
one towards another ; to lesson men in public dangers, to de 
pose private differences, and prefer their safety before their re 


BRISTOL, more truly Bright-slow, that is, illustrious or bright 
dwelling, answers its name in many respects : bright in the si 
tuation thereof, conspicuous on the rising of a hill ; bright in 
the buildings, fair and firm ; bright in the streets, so cleanly 
kept, as if scoured (where no carts, but sledges, are used) ; but 
chiefly bright for the inhabitants thereof, having bred so many 
eminent persons. 

It standeth both in Somerset and Gloucester-shires (and yet 
in neither, it being a liberty of itself) ; divided into two parts 
by the river Avon, conjoined with a bridge, which, being built 
on both sides, counterfeited! a continued street, for which 
strangers at the first sight do mistake it. The houses of the mer 
chants herein are generally very fair ; and their entries, though 
little and narrow, lead into high and spacious halls ; which form 
may mind the inhabitants thereof of their passage to a better 


These are the stars of the earth, though such but dim ones, 
which St. Vincent s rock, near to this city, doth produce. Their 
price is abated by their paleness and softness, to which we may 
add their number and nearness ; for, were they but few and far 



fetched, their value would be advanced. They are not those 
unions, pearls so called, because thrifty Nature only affordeth 
them by one and one ;* seeing that not only twins, but bunches 
and clusters of these are found together. 

Were this rock of raw diamonds removed into the East 
dies, and placed where the beams of the sun might sufficiently 
concoct them ; probably in some hundreds of years they would 
be ripened into an orient perfection. All I will add is this : a 
lady in the reign of queen Elizabeth would have as patiently di 
gested the lie, as the wearing of false stones or pendants of 
counterfeit pearl, so common in our age ; and I could wish it 
were the worst piece of hypocrisy in fashion. 


I behold Bristol as the staple place thereof, where alone it 
was anciently made ; for though there be a place in London, 
nigh Cheapside, called Sopers-lane, it was never so named from 
that commodity made therein (as some have supposed), but 
from Alen le Soper, the long since owner thereof. Yea, it is 
not above a hundred and fifty years, by the confession of the 
chronicler of that city, since the first soap was boiled in Lon 
don ;f before which time the land was generally supplied with 
Castile from Spain, and Gray-soap from Bristol. Yea, after 
that London meddled with the making thereof, Bristol soap 
(notwithstanding the portage) was found much the cheaper. J 

Great is the necessity thereof: seeing, without soap, our bo 
dies would be no better than dirt, before they are turned into 
dust : men, whilst living, become noisome to themselves and 
others. Nor less its antiquity : for although our modern soap, 
made of pot-ashes and other ingredients, was unknown to 
the ancients, yet had they ri avdXoyov, something which effec 
tually supplied the place thereof, making their woollen clear, 
their linen cloth cleanly. Christ is compared by the prophet 
to Fuller s soap, in Hebrew borith, which word Arias Montanus, 
in his Interlineary Bible, retaineth untranslated ; but, in his 
comment (following the example of St. Hierom) on the place, 
rendereth it herba Fullonum, expounding it to be saponaria, 
in English soapworth. Indeed, both Dodoneus and Gerardus 
write thereof, " This plant hath no use in physic." Yet, seeing 
Nature made nothing in vain, soapworth cannot justly be charged 
as useless, because purging (though not the body) the clothes 
of a man, and conducing much to the neatness thereof. 

* " Uniones, quia nulli duo simul reperientur." Pliny s Natural History, lib. 
ix. cap. 35. 

t Stow s Survey, p. 265. f Idem, in his first Table, verbo Sope. 

Malachi iii. 2. 



Ratcliffe Church in this city clearly carrieth away the credit 
from all parish churches in England. It was founded by Can 
nings (first a merchant, who afterwards became a priest) ; and 
most stately the ascent thereunto by many stairs, which at last 
plentifully recompenseth their pains who climb them up, with 
the magnificent structure both without and within. 

If any demand the cause why this church was not rather 
made the see of a bishop than St. Augustin s in this city, much 
inferior thereunto; such may receive this reason thereof : that 
this (though an entire stately structure) was not conveniently 
accommodated like St. Augustus (formerly a great monastery) 
with public buildings about it, for the palace of a bishop, and 
the reception of the dean and chapter. However, as the town 
of Hague in Holland would never be walled about, as accounting 
it more credit to be the biggest of villages in Europe, than but 
a lesser city; so Ratcliffe church esteemeth it a greater grace to 
lead the van of all parochial,* than to follow in the rear after 
many cathedral churches in England. 


St. Vincent s Well, lying west of the city, under St. Vincent s 
Rock, and hard by the river, is sovereign for sores and sicknesses, 
to be washed in, or drunk of, to be either outwardly or inwardly 
applied. Undoubtedly the water thereof runneth through some 
mineral of iron, as appeareth by the rusty ferruginous taste 
thereof, which it retaineth though boiled never so much. Ex 
perience proveth that beer brewed thereof is wholesome against 
the spleen ; and Dr. Samuel Ward, afflicted with that malady, 
and living in Sidney College, was prescribed the constant drink 
ing thereof, though it was costly to bring it through the Severn 
and narrow seas to Lynn, and thence by the river to Cambridge. 
But men in pain must not grudge to send far to purchase their 
ease, and thank God if they can so procure it. 


"Bristol milk. 1 ] 

Though as many elephants are fed as cows grased within the 
walls of this city, yet great plenty of this metaphorical rnilk, 
whereby xeres or sherry sack is intended. Some will have it 
called milk, because (whereas nurses give new-born babes in 
some places pap, in others water and sugar) such wine is the first 
moisture given infants in this city. It is also the entertainment 
of course, which the courteous Bristolians present to all strangers, 
when first visiting their city. 

Yet some have informed me that it only is a chapel-of-ease to the mother- 
church of Bfdminster. F. 

I 2 



The moderation of John Holyman, bishop of this city, is much 
to be commended ; who, in the reign of queen Mary, did not 
persecute any in his diocese. And yet we find Richard Sharpe, 
Thomas Benion, and Thomas Hale, martyred in this city, whose 
blood the inquisitor thereof will visit on the account of Dalbye,* 
the cruel chancellor of this diocese. 


RALPH of BRISTOL, born in this city, was bred (as I have 
cause to conceive) in the neighbouring convent of Glastonbury. 
Going over into Ireland, first he became treasurer of St. Patrick s 
in Dublin; then Episcopus Darensis, bishop of Kildare. He 
wrote the life of Lawrence archbishop of Dublin ; and granted 
(saith my authorf) certain indulgences to the abbey of Glaston 
bury in England, probably in testimony of his gratitude for his 
education therein. He died anno Domini 1232. 


TOBIAS MATTHEW, D.D. was born in this city;J bred first 
in St. John s, then in Christ Church in Oxford ; and, by many 
mediate preferments, became bishop of Durham, and at last 
York. But it will be safest for my pen now to fast (for fear of 
a surfeit] which formerly feasted so freely on the character of 
this worthy prelate, who died 1628. 


No city in England (London alone excepted) hath, in so 
short a time, bred more brave and bold seamen, advantaged 
for western voyages by its situation. They have not only been 
merchants, but adventurers, possessed with a public spirit for 
the general good ; aiming not so much to return wealthier, as 
wiser ; not always to enrich themselves, as inform posterity by 
their discoveries. Of these, some have been but merely casual, 
when going to fish for cod, they have found a country, or some 
eminent bay, river, or haven of importance, unknown before. 
Others were intentional, wherein they have sown experiments, 
with great pains, cost, and danger, that ensuing ages may freely 
reap benefit thereof. Amongst these seamen we must not 

HUGH ELIOT, a merchant of this city, who was, in his age, the 
prime pilot of our nation. He first (with the assistance of Mr. 

f Fox s Martyrology, p. 2052. 
Sir James Ware, in Episcopis Darensibus. 
Sir John Harrington, in his continuation of Bishop Godwin. 
" In my Church History," book xi. p. 133. 



Thorn his fellow-citizen) found out Newfoundland, anno 1527.* 
This may be called Old-found-land, as senior, in the cognizance 
of the English, to Virginia and all our other plantations. 

Had this discovery been as fortunate in public encourage 
ment as private industry, probably before this time we had en 
joyed the kernel of those countries whose shell only we now 
possess. It is to me unknown when Eliot deceased. 


THOMAS NORTON was born in this city ; and, if any doubt 
thereof, let them but consult the initial syllables in the six first, 
and the first line in the seventh chapter of his Ordinal, which 
put together compose, 

" Thomas Norton of Briseto 
A parfet master you may him trow." 

Thus his modesty embraced a middle way betwixt concealing 
and revealing his name ; proper for so great a professor in che 
mistry as he was, that his very name must from his book be 
mysteriously extracted. 

He was scarcely twenty-eight years of age,t when in forty 
days (believe him, for he saith so of himselfj) he learned the 
perfection of chymistry, taught, as it seems, by Mr. George 
Ripley. But what saith the poet ? 

" Non minor est virtus, quam quserere, parta tueri." 

The spite is, he complaineth, that a merchant s wife of 
Bristol stole from him the elixir of life. Some suspect her to 
have been the wife of William Cannings (of whom before), con 
temporary with Norton, who started up to so great and sudden 
wealth, the clearest evidence of their conjecture. || 

The admirers of this art are justly impatient to hear this their 
great patron traduced by the pen of J. Pitsl and others, by 
whom he is termed Nugarum opifex infrivola scientia ; and that 
he undid himself, and all his friends who trusted him with their 
money, living and dying very poor about the year 1477- 

JOHN SPINE. I had concluded him born at Spine in Berk 
shire nigh Newbury but for these dissuasives. 1. He lived lately 
under Richard the Third, when the clergy began to leave off their 
local sirnames, and, in conformity to the laity, to be called from 
their fathers. 2. My author** peremptorily saith he was born 
in this city. I suspect the name to be Latinised Spineus by 
Pits, and that in plain English he was called Thorn, an ancient 
name, I assure you, in this city. However, he was a Carmelite, 
and a doctor of divinity in Oxford, leaving some books of his 

* Hacluit s English Voyages, vol. III. p. 10. f In his Ordinal, p. 88. 

t Ibid. p. 33. Ibid. p. 34, linea 33. 

|| "Theatrum Chlmicum," made by Elias Ashmole, Esq. p. 441. 
If De Anglue Scriptoribus, p. 666. ** Ibid. p. 673. 


making to posterity. He died and was buried in Oxford, anno 
Domini 1484. 

JOHN of MILVERTON. Having lost the fore I must play an 
after game, rather than wholly omit such a man of remark. The 
matter is not much, if he, who was lost in Somersetshire (where 
indeed he was born, at Milverton) be found in Bristol, where he 
first fixed himself a friar Carmelite.* Hence he went to Oxford, 
Paris, and at last had his abode in London. 

He was Provincial-general of his Order through England, Scot 
land, and Ireland ; so that his jurisdiction was larger than king 
Edward the Fourth s, under whom he flourished. He was a 
great anti-Wicliffist, and champion of his order both by his 
writing and preaching. He laboured to make all believe that 
Christ himself was a Carmelite (professor of wilful poverty;) 
and his high commending of the poverty of friars tacitly con 
demned the pomp of the prelates. Hereupon the bishop of 
London (being his diocesan) cast him into the gaol, from whom 
he appealed to Paul the Second ; and, coming to Rome, he was 
for three years kept close in the prison of St. Angelo. It made 
his durance the more easy, having the company of Platina the 
famous papal biographist,t the nib of whose pen had been too 
long in writing dangerous truth. At last he procured his cause 
to be referred to seven cardinals, who ordered his enlargement. 

Returning home into England, he lived in London in good 
repute. I find him nominated bishop of St. David s ;J but how 
he came to miss it, is to me unknown. Perchance he would not 
bite the bait ; but whether because too fat to cloy the stomach 
of his mortified soul, or too lean to please the appetite of his 
concealed covetousness, no man can decide. He died, and was 
buried in London, 1486. 

WILLIAM GROCINE was born in this city, and bred in Win 
chester school ; where he, when a youth, became a most excel 
lent poet. Take one instance of many. A pleasant maid (pro 
bably his mistress, however she must be so understood) in a 
love frolic pelted him with a snow-ball, whereon he extempore || 
made this Latin tetrastic : 

Me nive candenli petiit mea Julia : rebar 

Igne carere nivem, nix tamen ignis erat. 
Sola poles nostras extinguere Julia flammas, 

Non nive, nan glncie, sed potes igne pari.^j 

A snow-ball white at me did Julia throw ; 
Who would suppose it ? fire was in that snow. 
Julia alone can quench my hot desire, 
But not with snow, or ice, but equal fire." 

* Pits, Jitat. H, num. 885. f Bale, Cent. viii. num. 44. 

Bale and Pits, ut prius. New College Register, anno 1467. 

Bale, de bcnptonbus Britannicis, Cent. ix. num. 5, and Pits, in anno 1520. 

ese verses are printed among Petronius s Fragments, being a farrago of manv 
Terses later than that ancient author F 


He afterwards went over into Italy, where he had Demetrius 
Calchondiles and Politian for his masters; and, returning into 
England, was public professor of the Greek tongue in Oxford. 
There needs no more to be added to his honour, save that 
Erasmus in his Epistles often owns him pro patrono suo et 
prceceptore. He died anno 1520. 


JOHN FOWLER was born in Bristol;* bred a printer by his 
occupation, but so learned a man, that (if the character given 
him by one of his own persuasionf be true) he may pass for 
our English Robert or Henry Stephens, being skilful in Latin 
and Greek, s and a good poet, orator, and divine. He wrote an 
abridgment of " Thomas s Summes," the translation of Osorius 
into English, &c. Being a zealous papist, he could not com 
port with the Reformation ; but conveyed himself and his press 
over to Antwerp, where he was signally serviceable to the Ca 
tholic cause, in printing their pamphlets, which were sent over, 
and sold in England. He died at Namurch 1579; and lies 
there buried in the church of St. John the Evangelist. 


ROBERT THORN was born in this city, as his ensuing epitaph 
doth evidence. I see it matters not what the name be, so the 
nature be good. I confess, Thorns came in by "man s curse ;"J 
and our Saviour saith, " Do men gather grapes of thorns ?" 
But this our Thorn (God send us many coppices of them) was a 
blessing to our nation, and wine and oil may be said freely to 
flow from him. Being bred a merchant tailor in London he 
gave more than four thousand four hundred forty-five pounds 
to pious uses; || a sum sufficient therewith to build and endow a 
college, the time being well considered, being towards the be 
ginning of the reign of king Henry the Eighth. 

I have observed some at the church-door cast in sixpence 
with such ostentation, that it rebounded from the bottom, and 
rung against both the sides of the bason (so that the same piece 
of silver was the alms and the giver s trumpet) ; whilst others 
have dropped down silent five shillings without any noise. Our 
Thorn was of the second sort, doing his charity effectually, but 
with a possible privacy. Nor was this good Christian abroad 
worse (in the apostle-phrase) than an infidel at home in not pro 
viding for his family, who gave to his poor kindred (besides 
debt forgiven unto them) the sum of five thousand one hundred 
forty-two pounds.^" 

Grudge not, reader, to peruse his epitaph ; which, though not 
so good as he deserved, is better than most in that age : 

f Pits, de Anglise Scriptoribus, anno 1579. f Idem, ibidem. 

J Genesis iii. 18. Matthew vii. 16. || Stow s Survey of London, p. 90. 
^ Idem, ibid. 


" Robertas eubat hie Thornus, mercator honestus, 

Qui sibi legitimas arte paravit opes. 
Huic vitam dederat parvo Bristolia quondam, 

Londinum hoc tumulo clauserat ante diem. 

Ornavit studiis patriam, virtutibus auxit, 

Gymnasium erexit sumptibus ipse suis. 
Lector, quisquis ades, requiem cineri, precor, ora 

Supplex, et precibus numina tiecte tuis."* 

He died a bachelor, in the fortieth year of his age, anno Domini 
1532 5 and lies buried in St, Christopher s, London. 


MARY DALE, better known by the name of Mary Ramsey, 
daughter of William Dale, merchant, was born in this city. 
She became afterwards second wife to Sir Thomas Ramsey, 
Grocer and lord mayor of London, anno 1577; and surviving 
him, was thereby possessed of a great estate, and made good use 
thereof.f She founded two fellowships and scholarships in 
Peter-house in Cambridge ; and proffered much more, if on her 
terms it might have been accepted. For most certain it is, that 
she would have settled on that house lands to the value of five 
hundred pounds per annum and upwards, on condition that it 
should be called "The college of Peter and Mary." This Doc 
tor Soams, then master of the house, refused, affirming " that 
Peter, who so long lived single, was now too old to have a fe 
minine partner,"J a dear jest, to lose so good a benefactress. 

This not succeeding, the stream of her charity was not pee 
vishly dried up (with those who in matters of this nature will 
do nothing, when they cannot do what they would do) ; but 
found other channels therein to derive itself. She died anno 
Domini 1596, and lieth buried in Christ s Church || in London. 

THOMAS WHITE, D. D. was born in this city, and bred in 
Oxford. He was afterwards related to Sir Henry Sidney, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, whose funeral sermon he made, being ac 
counted a good preacher in the reign of queen Elizabeth. 

Indeed he was accused for being a great pluralist, though I 
cannot learn that at once he had more than one cure of souls, 
the rest being dignities. As false is the aspersion of his being 
a great usurer : but one bond being found by his executors 
amongst his writings of one thousand pounds, which he lent 
gratis for many years to the company of Merchant Tailors, 
whereof he was free, the rest of his estate being in land and 
ready money. Besides other benefactions to Christ Church, 
and a lecture in St. Paul s, London, he left three thousand 
pounds for the building of Sion College to be a Ramah for the 

Stow s Survey of London, p. 193. f Idem, p. 124. 

So was I informed by Dr. Seaman, late Master of that College F. 

Stow s Survey, in his description of Christ Church 

Lady Ramsey was a liberal benefactress to Christ s Hospital ED. 


sons of the prophets in London. He built there also a fair 
alms-house for twenty poor folk, allowing them yearly six 
pounds a-piece ; and another at Bristol, which, as I am in 
formed, is better endowed. 

Now, as Camillus was counted a second Romulus, for enlarg 
ing and beautifying the city of Rome ; so Mr. John Simpson, 
minister of St. Olave s, Hart-street, London, may be said a se 
cond White, for perfecting the aforesaid college of Sion, build 
ing the gate-house with a fair case for the library, and endowing 
it with threescore pounds per annum. 

Dr. Thomas White died anno Domini 1623. 


John Aderly, son of John Aderly, Ironmonger, 1442. 
Thomas Canning, son of John Canning, Grocer, 1456. 
John Young, son of Thomas Young, Grocer, 1466. 


I am credibly informed, that one Mr. Richard Grigson, 
citizen, hath expended a great sum of money in new casting of 
the bells of Christ Church, adding tunable chimes unto them. 
Surely he is the same person whom I find in the printed list of 
compounders to have paid one hundred and five pounds for his 
reputed delinquency in our civil wars ; and am glad to see one 
of his persuasion (so lately purified in Goldsmith s Hall) able to 
go to the cost of so chargeable a work. . 

I wish BRISTOL may have many more to follow his example ; 
though perchance, in this our suspicious age, it will be conceiv 
ed a more discreet and seasonable desire, not to wish the in 
crease, but the continuance, of our bells ; and that (though not 
taught the descant of chimes) they may retain their plain song 
for that public use to which they were piously intended. 


Dr. Thomas AMORY, eloquent dissenting divine; born at Taun- 

ton 1700; died 1774. 
Thomas BAKER, divine and mathematician; born at Ilton 

about 1625; died 1690. 
Elizabeth Ogilvy BENGER, biographical and historical writer ; 

born at Wells 1778, 

Richard BROCKLESBY, physician and author; bora at Mine- 
^ head 1722; died 1797. 
Simon BROWXE, learned dissenting divine; bom at Shepton 

Mallet about 1680; died 1732. 
John BRYDAL, lawyer and antiquary ; born about 1683. 


George BULL, Bishop of St. David s, learned author ; born at 

Wells 1634; died 1709. 
Dr. Henry BYAM, loyalist and learned preacher, author of 

"Sermons;" born at Luccombe 1580; died 1669. 
Walter CHARLETON, physician, and voluminous writer on the 

sciences; born at Shepton Mallet 1619 ; died 1707- 
Robert CROSSE, divine, philosopher, and controversialist ; born 

at Dunster about 1605 ; died 1683. 
Ralph CUDWORTH, learned divine and philosophical writer; 

born at Aller 1617 ; died 1688. 
Richard EDGEWORTH, scientific and miscellaneous writer; born 

at Bath 1744; died 1817. 
Tho. FALCONER, divine, writer, and classical scholar; born at 

Bath 1772; died 1839. 
Henry FIELDING, novelist and dramatist ; born at Sharpham 

Park 1707; died 1754. 

Dr. John GARDINER, divine ; born at Wellington 1757- 
Dr. Henry HARRINGTON, musical poet and physician ; born at 

Kelston 1727. 
Henry HELLIET, learned divine; born at Dundry ; flourished 

Prince HOARE, dramatic and miscellaneous writer; born at 

Bath 1755 ; died 1835. 
Humphrey HODY, divine and author; born at Odcombe 1659; 

died 1706. 
Lord Viscount HOOD, distinguished admiral; born 1724; died 

in 1816. 
James HURLY, divine and eccentric philosopher; born at 

Crowcombe: died 1783. 

James JENNINGS, poetical writer; born at Huntspill 1772, 
Richard LAURENCE, divine, and primate of Ireland, theological 

antiquary and writer; born at Bath 1758; died 1839. 
John LOCKE, moral philosopher, author of "Essay on the Hu 
man Understanding/ &c. ; born at Wrington 1632; died 

William PRYNNE, lawyer and antiquary, author of " Histrio 

Mastix," and star-chamber victim ; born at Swanswick 1600 ; 

died 1669. 
Lord RODNEY, successful naval commander; born about 1718; 

died 1792. 
Elizabeth ROWE, poetess and accomplished lady, and author of 

" Letters from the Dead to the Living," &c. ; born at Ilches- 
^ter 1674; died 1737. 
Gilbert SHELDON, archbishop of Canterbury ; born at Stanton 

Prior 1598 ; died 1677. 
Daniel TERRY, comedian, and adapter of pieces ; born at Bath ; 

died 1829. 

Sir Edward WALTER, historian and herald ; died 1676. 
Francis WEBB, poet; born at Taunton 1735. 


John WICKED pious divine and friend of Dr. Lardner; born 
atTaunton IJ18. 

*,* Various topographical works relative to Somersetshire have been produced 
since the time of Fuller. Of these the most important are, the Histories of the 
County, 1st, by the Rev. J. Collinson (1791) ; and 2nd, by the Rev. Mr. Phelps ; 
the latter of -which was commenced in 1836, ana several parts have been already is 
sued, which display considerable judgment and research. Of the works connected 
with the local topography of the county, the most prominent are the Description of 
Bath, by J. Wood (1749) ; the History of Bath, by the Rev. R. Warner (1801) ; 
the History of Bath Abbey Church, by J. Britton (1825), and Anstey s New Bath 
Guide, edited by the same (1830) ; Delineations of the North-western division of 
the County, by J. Rutter (1829) ; History of Taunton, by J. Toulmin (1791), and 
re-edited, in 1822, by J. Savage ; Customs of the. Manor of Taunton and Taunton 
Dean, by R. Locke (1816) ; Histories of Wells Cathedral, by J. Davis (1814), and 
by J. Britton (1824); History of Glastonbury, by the Rev. R. Warner (1826), 
and of the Hundred of Carhampton, by J. Savage (1830). ED. 


STAFFORDSHIRE hath Cheshire on the north-west; Derbyshire 
on the east and north-east ; Warwick and Worcester-shires on 
the south ; and Shropshire in the west. It lieth from north to 
south in form of a lozenge, bearing forty in the length from the 
points thereof, whilst the breadth in the middle exceeds not 
twenty-six miles. 

A most pleasant county : for, though there be a place therein 
still called Sinai park (about a mile from Burton),, at first so 
named by the abbot of Burton, because a vast, rough, hilly 
ground, like the wilderness of Sinai in Arabia ;* yet this, as a 
small mole, serves for a foil to set off the fair face of the county 
the better. 

Yea, this county hath much beauty in the very solitude thereof; 
witness Beau-Desert, or the Fair Wilderness, being the beautiful 
barony of the lord Paget : ^ 

And if their deserts have so rare devices : 
Pray then, how pleasant are their paradises." 

Indeed most fruitful are the parts of this shire above the 
banks of Dove ; butchers being necessitated presently to kill 
the cattle fatted thereupon, as- certainly knowing that they will 
fall in their flesh, if removed to any other pasture, because 
they cannot but change to their loss. 


The best ALABASTER in England (know, reader, I have con 
sulted with curious artists in this kind) is found about Castle- 
Hay in this county. It is but one degree beneath white marble, 
only more soft and brittle. However, if it lie dry fenced 
from weather, and may be let alone, long the during* thereof. 
Witness the late statue of John of Gaunt in Paul s, and many 
monuments made thereof in Westminster, remaining without 
break or blemish to this day. I confess Italy affords finer ala- 
aster (whereof those imagilets wrought at Leghorn are made), 
which indeed apes ivory in the whiteness and smoothness thereof. 
But such alabaster is found in small bunches and little propor- 

* Burton s Description, of Leicestershire, p. 1 19. 


tions: it riseth not (to use the language of workmen) in great 
blocks, as our English doth. What use there is of alabaster 
calcined in physic, belongs not to me to dispute. Only I will 
observe, that it is very cool, the main reason why " Mary put 
her ointment so precious into an alabaster box ;"* because it 
preserved the same from being dried up, to which such liquors 
in hot countries were very subject. 


These are the accommodators generally to unite solid bodies, and 
to make them to be continuous : yea, coin of gold and silver may 
be better spared in a commonwealth than nails ; for commerce 
may be managed without money by exchange of commo 
dities, whereas hard bodies cannot be joined together so fast, 
and fast so soon and soundly, without the mediation of nails. 

Such their service for firmness and expedition, that iron nails 
will fasten more in an hour than wooden pins in a day, because 
the latter must have their way made, whilst the former make way 
for themselves. 

Indeed there is a fair house on London bridge, commonly called 
None-such, which is reported to be made without either nails or 
pins, with crooked tenons fastened with wedges and other (as 
I may term them) circumferential devices. This, though it was 
no labour in vain, because at last attaining the intended end, 
yet was it no better than a vain labour according to the rule in 
logic, " Frustra fit per plura quod fieri potest per pauciora." 
But seeing the owner of that house had his harmless humour 
therein, and paid dear, no doubt, to his workmen for the same ; 
there is no cause that I or any other should find fault there 


I have presented the portraiture of the church of Lichfield 
in my " Church History," with the due praise of the neatness 
thereof. But now, alas ! the body thereof is become a very 
carcase, ruined in our late civil wars. The like fate is likely to 
fall on the rest of our cathedrals, if care be not taken for their 

I have read of duke d Alva, that he promised life to some 
prisoners ; but, when they petitioned him for food, he re 
turned, he would grant them life, but no meat ;" by which 
criticism of courteous cruelty the poor people \vere starved. If 
our cathedrals have only a bare being, and be not supplied with 
seasonable repairs (the daily food of a fabric) soon will they be 
famished to nothing, f 

* Matthew xxvi. 7. Mark xiv. 3. Luke vii. 37. 

f This note, written in bad times, seven years since, I thought not fit to put 
out. F. 


As for the Close at Lichfield, I have been credibly informed? 
that the plague (which long had raged therein), at first shooting 
of the cannon at the siege thereof, did abate, imputed by naturalists 
to the violent purging of the air by the bullets ; but by divines 
to God s goodness, who graciously would not have two miseries 
of war and plague afflict one small place at the same time. 

Pass we now to Civil buildings in this shire. 

TUTBURY CASTLE is a stately place ; and I dare take it on 
the credit of an excellent witness,* that it hath a brave and 
large prospect (to it, in it, and from it) ; northward it looks on 
pleasant pastures ; eastward on sweet rivers and rich meadows ; 
southward on a goodly forest, and many parks (lately no fewer 
than twelve) belonging thereto or holden thereof. It was for 
merly the seat of the Lord Ferrars earl of Derby; and how it 
was forfeited to the crown is worth our observing. 

Robert de Ferrars earl of Derby, siding with Simon Mont- 
ford against king Henry the Third, was fined at fifty thousand 
pounds, to be paid pridie Johannis Baptistse ^ next following. 
I know not whether more to admire at the suddenness of pay 
ment, or vastness of the sum : seeing an hundred thousand 
pounds was the ransom set by the Emperor on our king Richard 
the First ; and it shaked all the coffers of England in that age 
(without the help of church plate to make it up) . Well, these 
lords following were the security bound for the earl s true pay 
ment at the time appointed : 

1. Henry, son to Richard king of the Romans; 2. William 
Valence earl of Pembroke ; 3. John de Warren earl of Surrey ; 
4. William Eeauchamp earl of Warwick ; 5. Sir Roger de 
Somery; 6. Sir Thomas de Clare; 7- Sir Robert Walrond; 8. Sir 
Roger Clifford ; 9. Sir Hamond le Strange ; 1 0. Sir Bartho 
lomew de Sudeley; 11. Sir Robert Bruse; all being then barons 
of the land. 

But earl Robert, unable to advance the money at the time ap 
pointed, and un\villing to leave the lords, his bail, under the 
king s lash, surrendered his lands (and Tutbury castle amongst 
the rest) to the clear yearly value of three thousand pounds into 
the king s hands ; redeemable, when he or his heirs should pay 
down on one day fifty thousand pounds ; which was never per 

The English clergy much pitied John the son of this earl 
Robert, who presented a petition to the Pope, informing his 
Holiness, that the English clergy were willing to give him money 
by way of contribution to redeem his estate, but durst not, 
because commanded to the contrary under the pain of the 
Pope s curse ; and therefore he craved his apostolical indulgence 

Something I find was restored unto him ; but Tutbury was 

f Sampson Erdeswicke, in his manuscript survey of this shire. 
t Idem, ibidem. 


too sweet a morsel to return, being annexed to the Duchy of 
Lancaster. John of Gaunt built a fair castle there, walled on 
three sides by art, and the fourth by its natural steepness. 

Du DLEY CASTLE must not be forgotten, highly and pleasantly 
seated ; and in the reign of king Edward the Sixth well built, 
and adorned by John Dudley duke of Northumberland, whereon 
a story worth the reporting doth depend. 

The aforesaid duke, deriving himself (how truly not yet de 
cided) from a younger branch of the lord Dudley, thirsted after 
this castle, in regard of the name and the honourableness of the 
house, some having avouched that the barony is annexed to the 
lawful possession thereof, whether by purchase or descent.* 
Now finding John Sutton the lord Dudley (grandfather to the 
last baron) a weak man, exposed to some wants, and entangled 
with many debts, he, by the help of those money-merchants, 
wrought him out of his castle. So that the poor lord, turned 
out of doors, and left to the charity of his friends for subsistence, 
was commonly called the lord Quondam. But, after the execu 
tion of that duke, queen Mary, sympathizing with Edward the 
son of this poor lord (which Edward had married Katharine 
Bruges her maid of honour and sister to the lord Chandois), re 
stored him to the lands and honour which justly belonged to his 


" In April.f Dove s flood 
Is worth a king s good."] 

Dove, a river parting this and Derbyshire, when it overflow- 
eth its banks in April, is the Nilus of Staffordshire, much bat 
tling the meadows thereof. 

But this river of Dove, as overflowing in April, feeds the 
meadows with fruitfulness ; so in May and June chokes the 
sand grained with grit and gravel, to the great detriment of the 
owners thereof. 

" Wotton-under- Weaver, 
Where God came never. "{] 

It is time that this old profane proverb should die in men s 
mouths for ever. I confess, in common discourse, God is said 
to come to what he doth approve; to send to, what he only 
permits ; and neither to go nor send to what he doth dislike 
and forbid. But this distinction, if granted, will help nothing 
to the defending of this profane proverb, which it seems took its 
wicked original from the situation of Wotton, so covered with 
hills from the light of the sun, a dismal place, as report repre- 

* Mr. Dugdale, in his Illustration of Warwickshire, in the Catalogue of the Earls 
of Warwick F. 

t Camden s Britannia, in this county. f Idem, ibidem. 


senteth it. But were there a place indeed where God came 
never, how many years purchase would guilty consciences give 
for a small abode therein., thereby to escape Divine justice for 
their offences ! 


Authors do as generally agree about a grand massacre com 
mitted by the Pagans under Dioclesian on the British Christians 
in the place where Lichfield now standeth : I say, they as ge 
nerally agree in the fact, as they disagree in the number : some 
making them two hundred, others five, others seven. And one 
author (certainly he was no Millennary in his judgment) mounts 
them to just 999. Indeed many were martyred in those days, 
both in Britain and elsewhere, whose names and numbers are 
utterly unknown ; so true is the expression of Gregory the 
Great,* " Ipsi sancti martyres Deo numerabiles, nobis arenam 
rnultiplicati sunt, quia quot sint a nobis comprehend! non 
possunt: novit enim eos tantum ille, qui (ut habet Psalmus 
cxxvi.) numerat multitudinem stellarwn, et omnibus eis nomina 

ST. BERTELIN was a Briton of a noble birth, and led an 
eremitical life in the woods near Stafford,! anciently called 
Bethiney (contracted, it seems, for Bertiliney ) ; something of 
solitariness still remaining in his memory, as being so alone, it 
hath no memorable particulars of his accounts to accompany it. 

WOLFADUS RUFF IN us. It was pity to part them, seeing 
they were " loving in their lives, and in their death they were 
not divided/ ;): They were sons to Wolferus, the Pagan king of 
Mercia and a tyrant to boot, who, hating Christianity, and find 
ing these twins to profess privately to practise it, \vas so en 
raged, that nothing but their blood would quench his anger. 
Wolfadus was taken, and martyred at Stone in this county; 
whilst his younger (if not twin brother) Ruffinus came little 
more behind him at his death, than he started before him at his 
birth ; seeking to hide himself in a woody place (where since 
the chapel of Burnweston hath been built) was there by his 
Herod-father found out and murdered. They were by succeed 
ing ages rewarded with reputation of saintship. This massacre 
happened anno dornini .|| 

REGINALD POLE was born at Stoverton castle in this county, 

* In his 27th Homily in Evang. 

f Camden and Speed, their descriptions of this country. + 2 Sam. i. 23. 

Sampson Erdcswicke, MS. 

II Wolfhere was king of Mercia from 659 to 675. ED. 


anno 1500.* He was second son unto sir Richard Pole, knight 
of the Garter, and f rater consobrinus^ (a relation which I cannot 
make out in reference to him) to Henry the Seventh. His 
mother Margaret countess of Salisbury was niece to king Edward 
the Fourtli, and daughter to George duke of Clarence. 

This Reginald was bred in Corpus Christi College in Oxford; 
preferred afterward dean of Exeter. King Henry the Eighth 
highly favoured and sent him beyond the seas, allowing him a 
large pension, to live in an equipage suitable to his birth and 
alliance. He studied at Padua, conversing there so much with 
the Patricians of Venice, that at last he degenerated into a per 
fect Italian ; so that neither love to his country, nor gratitude to 
the king, nor sharp letters of his friends, nor fear to lose his 
present, nor hopes to get future preferments, could persuade 
him to return into England, but that his pensions were with 
drawn from him. 

This made him apply his studies the more privately in a Ve 
netian monastery, where he attained great credit, for his elo 
quence, learning, and good life. Such esteem foreign grandees 
had of his great judgment, that cardinal Sadolet, having written 
a large book in the praise of philosophy, submitted it wholly to 
his censure. Pole as highly commended the work, as he much 
admired that a cardinal of the church of Rome would conclude 
his old age with writing on such a subject,! applying unto him 
the verses of Virgil, 

Est in conspectu Tenedos notissima fama 

Insula, dives opum, I rinmi dum regna manebant, 

Nunc tantum sinus, el stutio malefida carinis. 

" From Troy may the isle of Tenedos be spied, 
Much fam d when Priam s kingdom was in pride, 
Now but a bay where ships in danger ride. 

These far-fetched lines he thus brought home to the cardinal, 
that though philosophy had been in high esteem whilst pagan 
ism was in the prime thereof, yet was it but a bad harbour for 
an aged Christian to cast his anchor therein. 

It was not long before he was made deacon-cardinal, by the 
title of St. Mary in Cosmedin, by Pope Paul the Third, who 
sent him on many fruitless and dangerous embassies to the 
emperor and the French king, to incite them to war against king 
Henry the Eighth. Afterwards he retired himself to Viterbo in 
Italy, where his house was observed the sanctuary of Lutherans, 
and he himself became a racking, but no thorough-paced Pro 
testant ; insomuch that, being appointed one of three pre 
sidents of the council of Trent, he endeavoured (but in vain) 
to have justification determined by faith alone. 

During his living at Viterbo^ he carried not himself so cau 
tiously, but that he was taxed for begetting a base child, which 

* Camden s Britannia, in English, in Staffordshire. 

f Antiquit. Britan. in Vita Poli,, p. 344. * Idem, p. 345. 



Pasquil* published in Latin and Italian verses, affixed in the 
season of liberty on his lawless pillar. 

This Pasquil is an author eminent on many accounts. First, 
for his self-concealment, being "noscens omnia, et notus 
nemini/ Secondly, for his intelligence, who can display the 
deeds of midnight at high noon, as if he hid himself in the holes 
of their bed-staves, knowing who were cardinals children better 
than they knew their fathers. Thirdly, for his impartial bold 
ness. He was made all of tongue and teeth, biting whatever he 
touched, and it bled whatever he bit ; yea, as if a General Coun 
cil and Pasquil were only above the Pope, he would not stick to 
tell where he trod his holy sandals awry. Fourthly, for his lon 
gevity, having lived (or rather lasted) in Rome some hundreds of 
years ; whereby he appears no particular person, but a succes 
sive corporation of satirists. Lastly, for his impunity, escaping 
the Inquisition ; whereof some assign this reason, because 
hereby the court of Rome comes to know her faults, or rather 
to know that their faults are known ; which makes Pasquil s 
converts (if not more honest) more wary in their behaviour. 

This defamation made not such an impression on Pole s cre 
dit, but that, after the death of Paul the Third, he was at mid 
night, in the conclave, chosen to succeed him. Pole refused it, 
because he would not have his choice a deed of darkness, 
appearing therein not perfectly Italianated, in not taking prefer 
ment when tendered ; and the cardinals beheld his refusal as a 
deed of dulness. Next day, expecting a re-election, he found 
new morning new minds ; and, Pole being reprobated, Julius 
the Third, his professed enemy, was chosen in his place. 

Yet afterwards he became " alterius orbis Papa," when made 
archbishop of Canterbury by queen Mary. He was a person 
free from passion, whom none could anger out of his ordinary 
temper. His youthful books were full of the flowers of rhetoric ; 
whilst the withered stalks are only found in the writings of his 
old age, so dry their style, and dull their conceit, He died a 
few hours after queen Mary, November the 17th, anno 1558. 


EDMUND STAFFORD was brother to Ralph first earl of 
Stafford, and consequentially must be son to Edmund baron 
Staflford.t His nativity is rationally with most probability 
placed in this county, wherein his father (though landed every 
where) had his prime seat, and largest revenues. 

He was by king Richard the Second preferred bishop of 
Exeter; and under king Henry the Fourth, for a time, was 
chancellor of England. I meet with an author who doth make 
him bishop first of Rochester, then of Exeter, and lastly of York-t 

* Antiquit. Brit, in Vita Poli, p. 348. 

f Bishop Godwin, in the Bishops of Exeter. 

j Mr. Philpot, in his Catalogue of Lord Chancellors, p. 53. 


But of the first and last altum silentium in bishop Godwin, 
whom I rather believe. He was a benefactor to Stapleton s-Inn 
in Oxford, on a three- fold account, viz. 

1 . Of Credit ; first calling it Exeter College, whereby he put 
an obligation on the bishop of that see, favourably to reflect 

2. Of Profit; adding two fellowships unto it, and settling 
lands to maintain them. 

3. Of Safety ; which consisteth in good statutes, which here 
he wisely altered and amended. 

He satin his see twenty-four years; and, dying 1419, was 
buried under an alabaster tomb in his own cathedral. 

WILLIAM DUDLEY, son of John Dudley, the eighth baron 
Dudley, of Dudley castle in this county, was by his parents 
designed for a scholar, and bred in University College in 
Oxford, whence he was preferred to be dean of Windsor, and 
afterwards was for six years bishop of Durham.* He died 
anno 1483, at London, and lies buried in Westminster on the 
south side of St. Nicholas Chapel. 

EDMUND AUDLEY, son to the lord Audley of Heyley in this 
county, whose surname was Touchet. -I am informed by my 
worthy friend, that skilful antiquary Mr- Thomas Barlow of 
Oxford, that this Edmund in one and the same instrument 
writeth himself both Audley and Touchet. He was bred in the 
university of Oxford; and, in process of time, he built the 
choir of Saint Mary s therein anew on his own charge, adorn 
ing it organis hydraulicis, which, I think, imports no more than 
a musical organ. 

He was preferred bishop, first of Rochester, then of Hereford, 
and at last of Salisbury.f He died at Ramsbury, August 23, 
1624 ; and is buried in his own cathedral, on the south side of 
the altar, in a chapel of excellent artifice of his own erection. 

Not meeting with any bishops born in this county SINCE 
THE REFORMATION, let us proceed. 


Sir THOMAS LITTLETON, Knight. Reader I have seriously 
and often perused his life, as written by Sir Edward Coke ; 
yet, not being satisfied of the certainty of his nativity, am 
resolved to divide his character betwixt this county and Wor 
cestershire. He was son to Thomas Westcote, esq. and Eliza 
beth Littleton his wife ; whose mother being daughter and 
heir of Thomas Littleton, esq. and bringing to her husband 
a great inheritance, indented with him before marriage, that 

* Godwin, in the Bishops of Durham. 

f Bishop Godwin, in the Bishops of Sarum. 

K 2 


her virgin surname should be assumed and continued in his 

He was bred student of the laws in the Inward Temple; 
and became afterwards serjeant and steward of the court of the 
Marshalsea of the king s household to Henry the Sixth. By 
king Edward the Fourth, in the sixth of his reign, he was 
made one of the judges of the Common Pleas ; and in the fif 
teenth of his reign by him created Knight of the Bath. 

He is said by our learned antiquaryt to have deserved as well 
of our Common as Justinian of the Civil law ; whose " Book of 
Tenures" (dedicated by him to Richard his second son, who 
also studied the laws) is counted oraculous in that kind, which 
since hath been commented on by the learned endeavours of 
Sir Edward Coke. 

He married Joan, one of the daughters and co-heirs of William 
Boerley, of Bromscraft castle in Salop, by whom he had three 
sons, founders of three fair families still flourishing : 

1. William, fixed at Frankley, in this county, where his 
posterity is eminently extant. 

2. Richard,"^ whose issue, by Alice daughter and heir of 
William Winsbury, remain at Pillerton Hall in Shropshire. 

3. Thomas,, who, by Anne, daughter and heir of John Bo- 
treaux, hath his lineage still continuing in Worcestershire. 

This reverend judge died the 23rd of August, in the one and 
twentieth of king Edward the fourth ; and lieth buried under a 
very fair monument in the cathedral of Worcester. 

EDMUND DUDLEY, Esq, was son to, John Dudley, Esq. 
second son to John Sutton, first baron of Dudley, as a learned 
antiquary J hath beheld his pedigree derived. But his descent 
is controverted by many, condemned by some, who have raised 
a report,, that John, father to this Edmund, Avas but a carpenter, 
born in Dudley town (and therefore called John Dudley), who, 
travelling southward to find work for his trade, lived at Lewes 
in Sussex, where they will have this Edmund born, and for 
the pregnancy of his parts brought up by the abbot of Lewes 
in learning. But probably some who afterwards were pinched 
in their purses by this Edmund, did in revenge give him this 
bite in his reputation, inventing this tale to his disparagement. 
I must believe him of noble extraction, because qualified to 
marry the daughter and heir of the viscount of Lisle, and that 
before this Edmund grew so great with king Henry the Seventh, 
as by the age of John his son (afterwards duke of Northum 
berland) may probably be collected. 

He was bred in the study of the laws, wherein he profited so 
well, that he was made one of the puisne judges, and wrote an 

" Lord Coke, in his Preface to Littleton s Tenures. 

f Camden s Britannia, in Staffordshire. J Sampson Eideswicke, MS. 


excellent book, compounded of law and policy (which hitherto 
I have not seen), intituled " The Tree of the Commonwealth."* 

But what saith Columella ? " Agricolam arbor ad fructum 
perducta delectat," (a husbandman is delighted with the tree 
of his own planting when brought to bear fruit/) Judge Dudley 
knew well how to turn a land into the greatest profit of his 
prince, which made him employed by king Henry the Seventh 
to put his penal statutes in execution ; which he did, with se 
verity, cruelty, and extortion ; so that, with Sir Richard Empson, 
viis et modis (vitiis et modis rather) they advanced a mighty 
mass of money to the king, and no mean one to themselves. 

King Henry the Eighth coming to his crown, could not pass 
in his progress for complaints of people in all places, against 
these two wicked instruments, who, with the two "daughters of 
the horse leech," f w r ere always crying, Give, give ; and therefore 
he resolved to discharge their protection, and to resign them to 
justice ; so that they were made a peace-offering to popular anger 
1510, and were executed at Tower -hill. 

Sir THOMAS BROMLEY, Knight. Reader, I request thee 
that this short note may keep possession for his name and 
memory, until he may be fixed elsewhere with more assurance. 
He was, in the first of queen Mary, October 8, made lord chief 
justice of the King s Bench, holding his place hardly a year; 
but, whether quitting his office, or dying therein, is to me 
unknown. J 


JOHN BROMLEY, Esq., branched from the Bromleys in 
Shropshire, but born and living in this county at Bromley, fol 
lowed the fortunate arms of king Henry the Fifth in France. 

It happened that, in a battle near Corby, the French (accord 
ing to their fashion, furious at first) fell so fiercely on the Eng 
lish, that they got away the king s standard of Guienne, to the 
great dismay of our army. But Bromley s heart had no room 
for fear or grief, anger had so wholly possessed it : insomuch 
that valiantly he recovered the captive standard, and by his 
exemplary prowess largely contributed to that day s victory. 
Hereupon Hugh Stafford lord Bourchier conferred on him a 
yearly pension of forty pounds during his life. j| Afterwards, in the 
sixth of king Henry the Fifth, anno 1418, he was not only 
knighted by the king for his venturous activity, but also made 
captain of Dampfront, and great constable of Bossivile le 
Ross in France ; yea, and rewarded by the king with forty 
pounds in land a year- to him and his heirs, the patent whereof 
is extant in the Tower, and exemplified in my author.^! He 

* J. Bale, and J. Stow. f Proverbs, xxx. 15. 

\ Spelman s Glossary, verbo Jusliciarius. Holinshed, page 551. . 

\\ Idem, ibidem. ^j Holinshed, p. 563. 


appears to me no more than a plain knight, or a knight bachelor ; 
but were it in the power of my pen to create a banneret, he should, 
for the reason premised, have that honour affixed to his memory, 
who, as we conjecture, died about the middle of the reign of 
king Henry the Sixth. 

JOHN DUDLEY, duke of Northumberland (where born uncer 
tain) was son to Edmund Dudley, esq. (of whom before*), and 
would willingly be reputed of this county ; a descendant from 
the lord Dudley therein, whose memory we will gratify so far 
as to believe it. 

*He lived long under king Henry the Eighth, who much 
favoured him ; and the servant much resembled his master, in 
the equal contemperament of virtue and vices, so evenly matched, 
that it is hard to say which got the mastery in either of them. 
This John was proper in person, comely in carriage, wise in 
advising, valiant in adventuring, and generally (till his last pro 
ject) prosperous in success. But he was also notoriously wan 
ton, intolerably ambitious, a constant dissembler, prodigiously 
profuse ; so that he had sunk his estate, had it not met with a 
seasonable support of abbey land ; he being one of those who 
well warmed himself with the chips., which fell from the felling 
of monasteries. 

King Henry the Eighth first knighted, then created him, Vis 
count Lisle, Earl of Warwick, t and Duke of Northumberland. 
And under queen Mary he made himself almost king of Eng 
land, though riot in title, in power, by contriving the set 
tling of the crown on queen Jane his daughter-in-law, till 
success failed him therein. And no wonder if that design 
missed the mark, which, besides many rubs it met with at hand, 
was thrown against the general bias of English affection. For 
this his treasonable practice he was executed in the first of 
queen Mary, much bemoaned by some martial men, whom he 
had formerly endeared in his good service in the French and 
Scottish wars. He left two sons, who survived to great honour ; 
Ambrose earl of Warwick, heir to all that was good, and 
Robert earl of Leicester, heir to all that was great, in their 

The BAGNOLS. Something must be premised of their name 
and extraction. The Bagenhalts (commonly called Bagnols) 
were formerly a family of such remark in this county, that before 
the reign of king Henry the Eighth there scarce passed an 
ancient piece of evidence which is not attested by one of that 
name.J But (see the uncertainty of all human things) it after 
wards sunk down (to use my author s language) into a plebeian 

" In the LAWYERS of this county, p. 13-2. 

f Dr. Fuller afterwards corrects this passage ; see p. 155. ED. 
J Sampson Erdeswicke, MS. 

SEAMEN, 135 


condition.* But the sparks of their gentle blood (though 
covered for a time under a mean estate) have since blazed again 
with their own worth and valour, when Ralph and Nicholas, 
sons to John Bagnol of Newcastle in this county, were both 
knighted for their good service, the one in Musselburgh fight, 
the other in Ireland. Yea, as if their good courage had 
been hereditary, their sons Samuel and Henry were for their 
martial merit advanced to the same degree. 


WILLIAM MINORS. Reader, I remember how, in the 
case of the ship-money, the judges delivered it for law, 
that, England being an island, the very middle-land shires 
therein are all to be accounted as maritime. Sure I am, the 
genius even of land-lock counties acteth the natives with a mari 
time dexterity. The English generally may be resembled to 
ducklings, which, though hatched under a hen, yet naturally 
delight to dabble in the water. I mean, though born and bred 
in in-land places, (where neither their infancy nor childhood 
ever beheld ship or boat) yet have they a great inclination and 
aptness to sea-service. And the present subject of our pen is a 
pregnant proof thereof. 

This William, son to Richard Minors, Gent, of Hallenbury- 
Hall, was born at Uttoxeter in this county ; who afterwards 
coming to London, became so prosperous a mariner, that he 
hath safely returned eleven times from the East Indies : whereas, 
in the days of our grandfathers, such as came thence twice 
were beheld as rarities ; thrice, as wonders ; four times, as 

Much herein (under Divine Providence) is to be attributed 
to the make of our English ships, now built more advantageous 
for sailing than in former ages, Besides, the oftener they go, 
the nearer they shape their course, use being the mother of per- 

Yet, whilst others wonder at his happiness in returning so 
often, I as much commend his moderation in going no oftener 
to the East Indies. More men know how to get enough, than 
when they have gotten enough, which causeth their covetous- 
ness to increase with their wealth. Mr. Minors, having ad 
vanced a competent estate, quitted the water to live on the land ; 
and now peaceably enjoyeth what he painfully hath gotten, and 
is living in or near Hartford at this present year 1660. 


JOHN STAFFORD, born in the shire town of this county, was 
bred a Franciscan ; no contemptible philosopher and divine . 

* Sampson Erdeswicke, in his Description of the Town of Bagenhalt. 


but considerable historian, who wrote a Latin History of Eng 
land s Affairs. Authors are at an absolute loss when he lived, 
and are fain by degrees to screw themselves into a general 
notice thereof. 

He must be since the year 1226, when the Franciscans first 
fixed themselves in our land. 

He must be before John Ross, who flourished anno 1480, 
under Edward the Fourth, and maketh honourable mention 
of him. 

Therefore with proportion and probability he is collected to 
have written about 1380. 

WILLIAM de LICHFIELD, so termed from the place of his 
nativity,* applied himself to a study of divinity, whereof he be 
came doctor, and afterwards rector of All-hallows the Great, in 
Thames-street, London. He was generally beloved for his 
great learning and godly life. He wrote many books, both 
moral and divine, in prose and verse ; one entitled " The Com 
plaint of God unto sinful Men." There were found in his study 
after his death three thousand four score and three sermons of 
his own writing. f He died anno Domini 1447, being buried 
under a defaced monument in the choir of his own church. 

ROBERT WHITTINGTON, born at Lichfield,J was no mean 
grammarian. Indeed, he might have been greater, if he would 
have been less ; pride prompting him to cope with his con 
querors, whom he mistook for his match. The first of these 
was Will. Lillie, though there was as great difference betwixt 
these two grammarians as betwixt a verb defective and one per 
fect in all the requisites thereof. The two other were William 
Herman and Alderedge, both eminent in the Latin tongue : but 
some will carp at the best, who cannot mend the worst line in a 
picture,the humour of our Whittington, who flourished 1530. 



HENRY STAFFORD, baron of Stafford in this county, was son 
unto Edward duke of Buckingham, attainted and beheaded un 
der king Henry the Eighth. This our Henry, though losing 
his top and top-gallant (his earldom and dukedom) in the tem 
pest of the king s displeasure, yet still he kept his keel, his 
barony of Stafford. The less he possessed of his father s lands,, 
the more he enjoyed of himself. It was not sullenness or 
revenge, but free choice, which made him betake himself to his 
studies, wherein he became eminent. 

I place him confidently not a trans but cis -reformation man, 

Pits, de Angliae Scriptoribus, in Appendicc, p. 854. 

Stow s Survey of London, p. 251. 

Bale, Cent, ix. num. 43 ; and Pits, setat. xvi. num. 940. 


for translating the book of Dr. Fox bishop of Hereford (a 
favourer of Luther) into English, " Of the Difference of the 
Power Ecclesiastical and Secular." 

A subject profitable in all, seasonable (not to say necessary) 
in our times : for, as the water and earth, making but one 
globe, take their mutual advantages to enlarge themselves ; so 
these two powers, united under one king in our land, wait their 
opportunities to advance their respective jurisdictions, the right 
stating whereof would conduce much to the public peace, This 
lord died (I dare not say the more the pity) some months 
before the beginning of queen Elizabeth, anno 1558.* 

SAMPSON ERDESWICKE, Esq., was born at Sandon near 
Stafford in this county, of a right worshipful and ancient ex 
traction. He was a gentleman accomplished with all noble 
qualities, affability, devotion, and learning. Tis hard to say 
whether his judgment or industry was more in matters of 

Bearing a tender respect to his native county, and desiring 
the honour thereof : he began a description (entitled " A View 
of Staffordshire,") anno Domini 1593, continuing the same till 
the day of his death ; a short, clear, true, impartial work, taken 
out of ancient evidences and records ; the copies whereof in 
manuscripts are deservedly valued for great rarities. This is 
he who, when I often groped in the dark, yea, feared to fall in 
matters concerning this county, took me by the hand (oh for 
the like conductors in other counties !), and hath led me safe by 
his direction. He was much delighted with the decency of 
God s house, which made him on his own cost to repair and 
new glaze the church of Sandon, wherein (to prevent neglect of 
executors) he erected for himself a goodly monument of free 
stone, with his proportion cut out to the life, and now lieth 
therein interred. He died April 11, 1603 ; and let his elegy of 
Mr. Camclen serve for his epitaph, " Venerandee Antiquitatis 
fuit cultor maximus."f 

THOMAS ALLEN was born in. this county, deriving his origi 
nal from Alanus de Buckenhole,J lord of Buckenhole, in the 
reign of king Edward the Second. He was bred in Gloucester- 
hall in Oxford; a most excellent mathematician, where he 
succeeded to the skill and scandal of friar Bacon (taken at both, 
but given I believe by neither,) accounted a conjuror. Indeed 
vulgar eyes, ignorant in optics, conceit that raised which is but 
reflected, fancy every shadow a spirit, every spirit a devil, And 
when once the repute of a conjurer is raised in vulgar esteem, 
it is not in the power of the greatest innocence and learning to 
allay it. He was much in favour with Robert earl of Leicester ; 

* Pits, anno 1558 f Britannia, in this county. 

J Sampson Erdeswickc, MS. 


and his admirable writings of mathematics are latent with some 
private possessors, which envy the public profit thereof. He 
died, a very aged man, towards the end of the reign of king 

WILLIAM and ROBERT BURTON, brethren, and eminent 
authors in their several kinds, were, as some say, born at Falde 
in this county. But Leicestershire, pretending some probabi 
lity to their nativities, hath by the alphabetical advantage pre 
vented this shire, and carried away their characters therein.* 

Besides these deceased WRITERS, reader, I have three in my 
eye, who are (and long may they be) alive, as different as 
eminent in their liberal inclinations : 

EDWARD L,EiGH,t of Rushwell hall, Esq.,fwhose " Critica 
Sacra," with many other worthy works, will make his judicious 
industry known to posterity. 

ELIAS ASHMOLE,J Esq., born in Litchfield, critically skilled 
in ancient coins, chemistry, heraldry, mathematics, what not ? 

JOHN LIGHTFOOT, D.D. who, for his exact insight in He 
brew and Rabbinical learning, hath deserved well of the Church 
of England. 

But forgive me, reader, I have forgot myself, and trespasssd 
on my fundamental rules. 


WILLIAM GIFFORD, Though this ancient and worshipful 
name be diffused in several counties, I have satisfied myself in 
fixing him here, as an extract of the family of Chillington. He 
was a man of much motion ; and my pen is resolved to follow 
him, as able to travel with more speed, less pain, and cost : 

1. From his father s house he went to, and lived four years 
in, Oxford. 2. Thence (with his schoolmaster) he went over to 
Louvain, where he got lauream doctoralem in artibus,\\ was 
made master of arts. 3. Then, studying divinity there under 
Bellarmin, was made Bachelor in that profession, 4. Frighted 
hence with war, went to Paris. 5. Removed to Rheims, where 
he eleven years professed divinity. 6. Doctorated at Pont- 
Muss in Lorraine. 7- Highly prized by Henry duke of Guise, 
and cardinal Lewis his brother, who gave him a pension of two 
hundred crowns a-year. 8. After their death, he went to Rome, 
where he became dean of St. Peter s in the Isle for ten years. 
9. Returning to Rheirns, he was made rector of the university 

See, in Leicestershire, " WRITERS since the Reformation. 

Sir Edw. Leigh died in 1671 ED. 

| Founder of the Ashmolean Library at Oxford; see p. 156 Ei>. 

He died in 1675. ED. 

II Pits, de Illustrious Angliae Scriptoribus, p. 809. 


therein. 10. At fifty years of age, bidding farewell to the world, 
he became a Benedictine at Deleware in Lorraine. 

Thus far Pitseus (acquainting us that he was*alive 1611) ; on 
whose stock give me leave to graft what followeth. 

This Dr. Gifford was advanced archbishop of Rheims by the 
favour of the duke of Guise, who is shrewdly suspected to have 
quartered too heavily on the profit of that place. 

However, our Gifford gained so much, as therewith to found 
not only a convent for English monks at St. Maloes in France, 
but also at Paris for those of the same profession. Remarkable 
charity, that an exile (who properly had no home of his own) 
should erect houses for others. 


This county, I confess, is exceeded by her neighbours in this 
particular ; and I meet with few either ancient or eminent bene 
factions therein. Yet, besides a fair school at Wolverhampton, 
built by Sir Stephen Jennings, lord mayor of London, and 
another erected by Mr. Thomas Allen at U teeter,* I am credibly 
informed, that 

MARTEN NOEL, Esq. born in the county town of Stafford, 
bred scrivener in London, hath fairly built and largely endowed 
an hospital in Stafford aforesaid. 

The crown-mural amongst the Romans was not given to every 
soldier who scaled the walls, but only to him who footed them 
first : on which account a garland of glory is due to this gentle 
man, whose foundation (as I am certified) is the first [consider 
able] fabric of that kind in this county. It is to be hoped that, 
as "the zeal of Achaia provoked many,"f so this good leader 
will invite many followers to succeed him, living in London this 
present 1660. 


[REM.] THOMAS TARLTON. My intelligence of the cer 
tainty of his birth-place coming too late (confessed by the mar 
ginal mark), I fix him here, who indeed was born at Condover 
in the neighbouring county of Shropshire, where still some of 
his name and relations remain. Here he was in the field, keep 
ing his father s swine, when a servant of Robert earl of Leicester 
(passing this way to his lord s lands in his barony of Denbigh) 
was so highly pleased with his happy unhappy answers, that he 
brought him to court, where he became the most famous jester 
to queen Elizabeth. 

Many condemn his (vocation I cannot term it, for it is a 
coming without a calling) employment as unwarrantable. Such 
maintain, tliat it is better to be a fool of God s making, born so 
into the Avorld, ur a fool of man s making, jeered into it by gene- 

* Uttoxeter ED. f 2 Corinthians ix. 2. 


ral derision, than a fool of one s own making, by his voluntary 
affecting thereof. Such say also, he had better continued in his 
trade of swine-keeping, which (though more painful, and less 
profitable) his conscience changed to loss, for a jester s place in 
the court, who, of all men, have the hardest account to make 
for every idle word that they abundantly utter. 

Others allege, in excuse of their practices, that princes in all 
ages were allowed their ap^roAoyot, whose virtue consisted in 
speaking anything without control : that jesters often heal 
what flatterers hurt, so that princes by them arrive at the notice 
of their errors, seeing jesters carry about with them an act of 
indemnity for whatsoever they say or do : that princes, over 
burdened with state-business, must have their diversions ; and 
that those words are not censurable for absolutely idle which 
lead to lawful delight. 

Our Tarlton was master of his faculty. When queen Eliza 
beth was serious (I dare not say sullen) and out of good humour, 
he could un-dumpish her at his pleasure. Her highest favourites 
would, in some cases, go to Tarleton before they would go to 
the queen, and he was their usher to prepare their advantage 
ous access unto her. In a word, he told the queen more of her 
faults than most of her chaplains, and cured her melancholy 
better than all of her physicians. 

Much of his merriment lay in his very looks and actions, ac 
cording to the epitaph written upon him : 

" Hie situs est cujus poterat vox, actio, vultus, 
Ex Heraclito reddere Democritum." 

Indeed the self-same words, spoken by another, would hardly 
move a merry man to smile ; which, uttered by him, would 
force a sad soul to laughter. 

This is to be reported to his praise, that his jests never were 
profane, scurrilous, nor satirical ; neither trespassing on piety, 
modesty, or charity, as in which plurimum inerat salts, multum 
aceti, aliquid sinapis, nihil veneni. His death may proportion- 
ably be assigned about the end of queen Elizabeth. 

JAMES SANDS, of Horborn,* (nigh Birmingham, but) in this 
county, is most remarkable for his vivacity; for he lived 140 and 
his wife 120 years. He outlived five leases of twenty-one 
years a-piece, which were made unto him after his marriage, 
Thus is not the age of man so universally contracted, but that 
Divine Providence sometimes draweth it out to an extraordinary 
length ; as for other reasons, so to render the longevity of the 
primitive patriarchs more credible. He died about the year 

WALTER PARSONS, born in this county, was first apprenticed 
to a smith, when he grew so tall in stature, that a hole was made 

* Doctor Hacwill in his Apology, p. 283. 


for him in the ground, to stand therein up to the knees, so to 
make him adequate with his fellow- workmen. He afterwards 
was porter to king James ; seeing as gates generally are higher 
than the rest of the building, so it was sightly that the porter 
should be taller than other persons. He was proportionable in 
all parts, and had strength equal to height, valour to his strength, 
temper to his valour ; so that he disdained to do an injury to 
any single person. He would make nothing to take two of the 
tallest yeomen of the guard (like the gizard and liver) under his 
arms at once, and order them as he pleased. 

Yet were his parents (for ought I do understand to the con 
trary) but of an ordinary stature; whereat none will wonder who 
have read what St. Augustine reports of a woman which came 
to Rome (a little before the sacking thereof by the Goths) of so 
giant- like a height, that she was far above all who saw her, though 
infinite troops came to behold the spectacle.* And yet he 
addeth, " Et hoc erat maximee admirationis, quod amboparentes 
ejus," &c., (this made men most admire that both her parent 
were but of ordinary stature.) 

This Parsons is produced for proof that all ages afford some 
of extraordinary height, and that there is no general decay of 
mankind in their dimensions ; which if there were, we had ere 
this time shrunk to be lower than pigmies, not to instance in a 
less proportion. This Parsons died anno Domini 162. . 


1. William Taylor, son of John Taylor, of Eccleston, Grocer, 


2. Stephen Jennings, son of William Jennings, of Wolver- 

hampton, Merchant Tailor, 1508. 

3. Richard Pipe, son of Richard Pipe, of Wolverhampton, 

Draper, 1578. 

4. James Harvey, son of William Harvey, of Cottwalton, Iron 

monger, 1581. 

5. Stephen Slany, son of John Slany, of Mitton, Skinner, 1595, 

6. William Rider, son of Thomas Rider, of Muclestone, Haber 

dasher, 1600. 

7. Hugh Hamersley, son of Hugh Hamersley, of Stafford, 

Haberdasher, 1627. 



THE SIXTH, 1433. 

William bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Humphry earl 
of Stafford ; Hugh Ardeswyk, and Thomas Arblastier, 
(knights for the shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

* De Civitate Dei, lib. xv. cap. 23. 



Johannis Sutton, chev. 
Johannis Bagot, chev. 
Roger! Aston, chev. 
Johannis Gruffith, chev. 
Johannis Gresley, chev. 
Thomos Stanley, arm. 
Radulphi Egerton, arm. 
Radulphi Basset, arm. 
Roberti Harecourt, arm. 
Philippi Chetwynd, arm. 
Richardi Bagot, arm. 
Roberti Whitgrave, arm. 
Thomas Barbour, arm. 
Willielmi Grevel, arm. 
Thomas Detheck, arm. 
Thomas Goyne, arm. 
Johannis Miners, arm. 
Tho. Oker, arm. sen. 
Tho. Oker, arm, jun. 
Johannis Mineral, arm. 
Richardi Peshale, arm. 
Hugonis Wrotesley, arm. 
Richardi Harecourt, arm. 
Sampsonis Ardiswick, arm. 
Johannis Winesbury, arm. 
Thomas Swinerton, arm. 
Willielmi Newport, arm. 
Johannis Hampton, arm. 
Humphry Low, arm. 
Richardi Lone, arm. 
Willielmi Lee, arm. 
Willielmi Everdon, arm. 
Willielmi Leveson, arm. 
Nicholai Warings, arm. 
Jacobi Leveson, arm. 
Rogeri Wirley, arm. 
Cornelii Wirly, arm. 
Johannis Whatecroft, arm. 
Gerardi de Ringeley, arm. 
Richardi Pety, arm. 
Willielmi Hexstall, arm. 
Edwardi Doyle, arm. 
Richardi Selman, arm. 
Davidis Cawardyn, arm. 
Thomae Swynfen, arm. 
Richardi Rugeley, arm. 
Johannis Broghton, arm. 
Johannis Atwell, arm. 

Thomas Cotton, arm. 
Johannis Cotton, arm. 
Aymeri Cotton, arm. 
Thomas Wolseley, arm. 
Johannis Colwich, arm. 
Roberti Swinerton, arm. 
Rogeri Swineshede, arm. 
Tho. Whitington, arm. 
Joh. More, arm. 
Thomas More, arm. 
Joh. Askeby, arm. 
Joh. Mollesley, arm. 
Joh. H ore wold, arm. 
Will. Saltford, arm. 
Will. Leventhorpe, arm. 
Will. Corbyn, gent. 
Joh. Corbyn, gent. 
Thomas Walton, arm. 
Reg. Bro de Oake, arm. 
Johannis Sheldon, arm. 
Radulphi Frebody, arm. 
Will. Bradshaw, arm. 
Joh. Bonghay, gent. 
Joh. Burton, gent. 
Roberti Stokes, arm. 
Joh. Cumberford, arm. 
Nicolai Thiknes, arm. 
/Egidii Swinerton, arm. 
Thomas Wolaston, gent. 
Hugonis Holyns, gent. 
Thomas Lokewood, gent. 
Thomae Stafford, gent. 
Nicolai Norman, gent. 
Richardi Snede, gent. 
Willielmi Orme, gent. 
Hugonis Greneway, gent. 
Humfridi Clerkeson. 
Rogeri Bealchier. 
Willielmi Sondbache. 
Johannis Brennere. 
Richardi Vicarus. 
Johannis Wylot. 
Thomoe Bowyer. 
Johannis Ruggeley. 
Petri Goldsone. 
Nicholai Flaxale. 
Thomas Brette. 
Thomas Neweno. 



Richard! Banastre. 
Willielmi Fouke. 
Roger! Milnes. 
Richard! Bisheton. 
Robert! Onowyne. 
Robert! Berdusmore. 
Humfridi Walker, of 


Willielmi Bowdel, of the Me. 
Willielmi Sherred. 
Willielmi Broke. 
Henrici Monyfold. 
Stephani BagonnaL 
Thomse Glyfe. 
Hugonis Bertam. 



1 Milo de Gloucest. 

2 Robertus de Stafford, for 

five years together. 
7 Alex. Clericus, for six years 

13 Hen. Stratton, for eighteen 

31 Thomas Noel, for three 



1 Thomas Noel. 

2 Tho. de Cressewel. 


Robertus filiusWalleram. 

4 Hugo Coventr. Episcopus 

et Rober, de Humant, 
frater ejus. 

5 Hugo Episcop. Coventr. et 
Richardus Maresse. 

6 Hugo Bardulfe. 

7 Idem. 

8 Hugo de Caucombe, for 

three years together. 


de Aldicheleia, for four 
years together. 
5 RanuL Comes Cestr. et 
Phil, de Kinton, for three 
years together. 

8 Ranul. Com. Cestr. 

9 Joh. Bonet, for three years 


12 Hen. de Aldich, et 
Rober. de Leia. 

13 Hen. de Aldich, et Will. 

de Bromley, for four 
years together. 

17 Robertus de Haga, for four 
years together. 

21 Joh. Estraneus, et 
Robertus de Acton. 

22 Joh. Estraneus, for ten 

years together. 

32 Thomas Corbet. 

33 Idem. 

34 Rober. Grendon, for six 

years together. 

40 Hugo de Acovere. 

41 Hugo de Acovere. 


42 Will. Bagod, for three years 


1 Galf. films Petri, et Tho. 45 Will, de Covereswel, et 
de Erdington, for five Jac. de Aldahell. 

years together. 46 Jaco. de Aldahell, for six 

6 Tho. Erdington, et 
Robertus de alta Ripa. 

7 Idem. 

8 Tho. de Erdington, for 

nine years together. 


1 Ranul. Com. Cestr. et Hen. 

years together. 


1 Radul. de Mortuo Mari, for 
three years together. 

4 Bogo de Knovil, for three 
years together. 




7 Rogerus Springhuse, for 

seven years together. 
14 Rogerus Springhuse, et 
Lionine Ramesley, for 
three years together. 

17 Robertus Corbet. 

18 Will. Tictely, for six years 


24 Radul. de Shirle, for three 
years together. 

27 Thomas Corbet. 

28 Idem. 

29 Richardus de Harleigh. 

30 Idem. 

31 Walter de Beysin. 

32 Idem. 

33 Johannes de Acton. 

34 Johannes de Dene. 

35 Idem. 


1 Rogerus Trumwinne. 

2 Johannes Extraneus. 

3 Hugo de Crofts. 

4 Idem. 

5 Hugo de Andecle, for three 

years together. 

8 Will, de Mere. 

9 Rogerus de Cheyne. 

10 Rogerus Trumwinne. 

11 Idem. 

12 Robertus de Grendon, for 

three years together. 

15 Johannes de Swinerton. 

16 Idem. 

17 Henricus de Bishburn, for 

three years together. 


A nno 

1 Johannes de Hinkele, et 

Henricus de Bishburn. 

2 Idem. 

3 Johannes de Hinkele. 

4 Idem. 

5 Henricus de Bishburn. 

6 Idem. 

7 Richardus de Peshal. 

8 Idem. 

9 Johannes de Hinkeley. 

10 Simon de Ruggeley. 

11 Richardus de Peshal, et 

Simon de Ruggeley, for 
four years together. 

15 Adam de Peshal. 

16 Thomas de Swinerton. 

17 Idem. 

18 Johannes de Aston, 

19 Henr. Com. Derby, for se 

venteen years together. 

36 Johannes de Swinerton. 

37 Robertus de Grendon. 

38 Johannes de Perton. 

39 Philippus de Lutteley, for 

four years together. 

43 Henricus Pius. 

44 Johannes de Perton. 

45 Idem. 

46 Johannes de Gresley. 

47 Nicholaus de Stafford. 

48 Johannes de Verdon. 

49 Johannes Bassey. 

50 Nicholaus de Stafford. 

5 1 Petrus de Careswel. 

52 Walter us de Hopton. 

53 Williel. de CaneresweL 



1. RANUL. com. CESTR. et HENR. de ALDICHELEIA. This 
Henricus of Aldicheleia was the first lord Audley in this county, 
and founder of that noble family so long famous for martial 
achievements. I meet with a record extant in the Tower, too 
long to transcribe, wherein king Henry the Third confirmed 
unto him not only many lands of his own donation, but what 
other persons of quality in this county had bestowed on him.* 

Sampson Erdeswicke, MS. 


Nich. de Verdun gave him Aldithlege -, Hugh de Lacy, Coul- 
ton ; Eutropius Hastang, Cold Norton ; Will, de Betleigh, Bet- 
leigh ; Harvey de Stafford, Heleiyh ; Egidius Erdington, Shag- 
bourn; Herbert Rusbin, Stanweare ; Eugenulphus Greasly, 
Tunstal, Chaderley ; Alice his wife, Chell, Normancot ; Marga 
ret Strange, Nerle, Brudnap ; Alice Hartoate, Weston ; Joan 
Noel, Weston ; Peter Morton, Hauksley, Bagley, and Morton. 

All or most of these were great manors cum pertinentiis. 
What man of men was this Henry, that so many of both sexes 
should centre in their bounty upon him ? was it for fear, or 
love, or a mixture of both ? But I have no calling to inquire 
into the cause thereof; and if they were pleased to give, none 
will blame him for receiving them. 

Heleigh, the fifth manor here mentioned, was afterwards the 
prime seat of the lord Audley, who also had great lands in 
Devonshire, where formerly we have spoken of him. Their 
heir-males failing about the reign of king Henry the Sixth, 
Joan one of their heirs was married to Sir John Tutchet, whose 
son Sir John assumed the title of Baron Audley, and was ances 
tor to the present lord Audley earl of Castle-haven* in Ireland. 


18. JOHN de ASTON. I have not met with a more noble 
family, measuring on the level of flat and un-advantaged anti 
quity. They have ever borne a good respect to the church and 
learned men, and not without just reason, seeing Roger de 
Molend, bishop of Litchfield in the reign of king Henry the 
Third, gave Haywood in this county " Rogero de Astonf Valecto 
suo," (to Roger de Aston his servant.) This Roger was son to 
Ralph Aston, and father unto Sir John Aston, whose succession 
is thus ordered : 

1. Sir John Aston, aforenamed. 2. Sir Thomas Aston, his 
son. 3. Sir Roger Aston, his son. 4. Sir Robert Aston, his 
son. 5. John Aston, his son, esquire. 6. Sir John Aston, his 
son, knight banneret. 7- Sir Edward Aston, his son. 8. Sir 
Walter Aston, his son. 9. Sir Edward Aston, his son. 10. Sir 
Walter Aston, his son. 

This last Sir Walter was employed by king James ambas 
sador unto Spain. He married Gertrude sole daughter of Sir 
Thomas Sadler of Standon in Hertfordshire. 

Nor must it be forgotten, that that pious poet, master 
Michael Drayton,J confesseth, that his muse oft found safe and 
sweet retreat at Tixhall, the habitation of this family ; and thus 
windeth up his well-wishing for them ; 

" Whose bounty still my muse so freely shall confess, 

That when she lacketh words, then signs shall it express." 

* This title became extinct in 1777. ED. * Sampson Erdeswicke, MS. 

{ In his Polyolbion, the 12th Song. 




Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

1 Brian. Cornwall . . . SHROPSHIRE. 

Arg. a lion rampant G. armed Az. in a border S. bezantee. 

2 Will. Calleson. 

3 Joh. de Verdon. 

O. a fret G. 

4 Rog. de Wirley . . . Hampshed. 

Ar. a chev. engrailed betwixt three bugle-horns S. 

5 Will. Walshall. 

Arg. a fox passant S. 

6 Idem ut prius. 

7 Humf. de Stafford. 

O. a chevron G. a quarter Erm. 

8 Will, de Walshal . . ut prius. 

9 Rog. Manneyson. 

10 Adomar de Lichfeld. 

11 Will. Chetwin . . . Ingestree. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three mullets O. 

12 Humf. de Stafford . . ut prius. 

13 Will. Walshall . . . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Delves .... Apedale. 

Arg. a chev. G. fretty O. betwixt three delfs S. 

15 Joh. Swinerton. 

Arg. a cross formee flurt S. 

16 Will, de Sharshall. 

17 Adam, de Lichfield. 

18 Rob. Frances. 

Arg. a chev. betwixt three spread eagles G. 

19 Rob. Mannesin. 

20 Will. Walshall . . . ut prius. 

21 Idem ut prius. 

22 Idem ut prius. 


1 Will. Sharshall, mil. 

2 Rob. Mannesin, mil. 
. Will. Newport, mil. 

Arg. a chev. G. betwixt three leopards heads S. 

3 Rob. Frances . . . ut prius. 

4 Humf. Stafford . . . ut prius. 

5 Idem ut prius. 

6 Will. Newport . . . ut prius. 

7 Will. Walshal . . . ut prius. 

8 Will. Newport, mil. . ut prius. 

9 Rob. Frances, mil. . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

10 Tho. Aston, mil. . . . Hay wood. 

Arg. a fess, and three lozenges in chief S. 

11 Joh. Delves .... ut prius. 

12 Tho. Giffard .... ChiUington. 

Az. three stirrups leathered O. 


1 Joh. Basset, mil. . . Dray ton. 

O. three piles G. a canton Erm. 

2 Rob. Babthorpe. 

3 Joh. Delves .... ut prim. 

4 Rich. Vernon. 

Arg. fretty S. a canton G. 

5 Joh. Meverel .... Throwley. 

Arg. a griffin segreant S. 

6 Will. Trussel. 

O. a cross formy fleury G. 

7 Humf. Haighton. 

8 Joh. Delves .... ut prius. 

9 Idem ut prius. 


1 Tho. Gresley, mil. 

Vairy, Erm. and G. 

2 Hug. Erdeswick, arm. . Sandon. 

O. on a chev. G. five bezants. 

3 Ni. Montgomery, mil. 

O. an eagle displayed Az. 

4 Johan. Bagot, mil. . . Blithfield. 

Arg. a chev. G. betwixt three martlets S. 

5 Roger Eston. 

6 Ric. Vernon, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Phil. Chetwin . . . ut prius. 

8 Tho. Griffith. 

G. a chev. betwixt three helmets Arg. 

9 Ni. Montgomery, mil. . ut prius. 

10 Rog. Aston, mil. . . . ut prius. 

11 Radul. Egerton. 

Arg. a lion rampant G. between three pheons S. 

12 Thorn. Stanley. 

Ar. on a bend Az. three stags heads O. 

13 Rob. Strelley, mil. . . NOTTINGHAM. 

Paly of six, Arg. and Az. 

14 Rich. Peshale . . . Horsley. 

Arg. a cross formy fleury S. ; on a canton G. a wolfs head 
erased of the first. 

15 Phil. Chetwin, mil. . . ut prius. 

16 Radul. Basset . . . ut prius. 

L 2 


Anno Name. Place. 

17 Thomas Stanley . . . ut prius. 

18 Thomas Gresley . . . ut prius. 

19 Humf. Lowe. 

20 Radulphus Aucher. 

21 Willielmus Mitton. 

Per pale Az. and G. an eagle with two heads displayed O. 

22 Nic. Mountgomery . . ut prius. 

23 Thomas Blount. 

Barry nebulee of six O. and S. 

24 Joh. Griffith, mil. . . ut prius. 

25 Humf. Blount . . . ut prius. 

26 Tho. Ferrers, arm. . . Tamworth. 

Vairy, O. and G. 

27 Idem ut prius. 

28 Humf. Swinerton . . ut prius. 

29 Joh. Stanley, arm. . . ut prius. 

30 [AMP.] Tho. Astley . Patshall. 

31 Robertus Aston . . . ut prius. 

32 Rich. Bagot, arm. . . ut prius. 

33 Th. Cotton, arm. 

sive Lotton. 

(Let the name first be agreed on.) 

34 Joh, Delves, arm. . . ut prius. 

35 Joh. Coles, arm. 

Quarterly, Erm. and Paly of six O and G. 

36 Will. Mitton, arm. . . ut prius. 

37 Hug. Egerton, arm. . ut prius. 

38 Joh. Stanley, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Walt. Wrotesley . . . Wrotsley. 

O. three piles S. a canton Erm. 

2 Joh. Hare court, arm. 

O. two bars G. 

3 Idem ut prius. 

4 Humf. Peshal . . . ut prius. 

5 Joh. Stanley, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Tho. Basset, arm. . . ut prius. 

7 Joh. Harecourt, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Johan. Aston, arm. 

G. two lions passant Arg. betwixt nine croslets O. 

9 Joh. Stanley, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Ran. Brereton, mil. 

Arg. two bars S. 

11 Hen. Beaumont, mil. 

Az. semee de flowers-de-luce, a lion rampant O. 

12 Walt. Griffith, mil. . . ut prius. 

13 Will. Basset . . . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

14 Geo. Stanley .... ut prius. 

15, Joh. Stanley, mil. . . ut prius. 

16 Joh. Ashton .... ut prius. 

17 Hug. Egerton, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Rich. Bagot .... ut prius. 

19 Nic, Mountgomery . . ut prius. 

20 Joh. Aston .... ut prius. 

21 Will. Basset, mil. . . ut prius. 

22 Humf. Stanley, mil. . ut prius. 


1 Ni. Montgomery, arm. . ut prius. 

2 Th. Worlseley, mil. 

3 Marm. Constable, mil. . YORKSHIRE. 

Quarterly G. and Vaire, a bend O. 
Hum. Stafford, mil. . ut prius. 


1 Humf. Stanley . . . ut prius. 

2 [AMP.] H. Willoughby. 

3 WiU. Harper. 

Arg. a lion rampant in a border engrailed S. 

4 Hug. Peshal .... ut prius. 

5 Th. Gresley, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Ranul. Oker. 

Quaere, if not the same with Okeover ? 

7 Roger. Draycot, arm. 

O. fretty G. ; on a canton Arg. a cross patee Az. 

8 Ric. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

9 Humf. Stanley, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Ric Harecourt, mil. . ut prius. 

11 Joh. Mitton, arm. . . ut prius. 

12 Joh. Draycot, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Tho. Gresley, arm. . . ut prius. 

14 Will. Harper, arm. . . ut prius. 

15 Joh. Ferrers, mil. . . ut prius. 

16 Johan. Aston, arm. . . ut prius. 

17 Ric. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

1 8 WiU. Harper, arm. . . ut prius. 

19 Joh. Draycot, mil. . . ut prius. 

20 Will. Smith, arm. 

21 Idem ut prius. 

22 Ludovic. Bagot, mil. . ut prius. 

23 Joh. Mitton, arm. . . ut prius. 

24 Joh. Aston, mil. . . . ut prius. 


1 Joh. Giffard, arm. . . nt prius. 



Anno Name. Place. 

2 Th. Nevil, arm. . . . Chenston Park. 

G. on a saltire Arg. an annulet S. 

3 Joh. Egerton, arm. . . ut prius. 

4 Joh. Mitton, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Joh. Aston, mil. . . . ut prius. 

6 Will. Chetwin, arm. . ut prius. 

7 Th. Nevil,, arm. . . . ut prius. 

8 Ric. WrotesJey, arm. . ut prius. 

9 Joh. Giffard, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Rad. Egerton, mil. . . ut prius. 

11 Edward Grey, mil. 

Barry of six Arg. and Az. three torteaux ; in chief a label 
of three points of the first. 

12 Lodo. Bagot, mil. . . ut prius. 

13 Joh. Giffard, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Will. Smith, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Ed. Littleton, mil. . . Pletonhall. 

Arg. a chevron between three escalop shells S. 

16 Edward Grey, mil. . . ut prius. 

17 Joh. Giffard, mil. . . ut prius. 

18 Joh. Blount, arm. 

Barry nebule of six O. and S. 

19 Joh. Vernon, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Edw. Ashton, arm. 

Arg. a fess. and three lozenges in chief S. 

21 Th. Giffard, arm. . . ut prius. 

22 Joh. Giffard, arm. . . ut prius. 

23 Wil. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

24 Joh. Vernon, arm. . . ut prius. 

25 Phi. Draycot, mil. . . ut prius. 

26 Edw. Ashton, mil. . . ut prius. 

27 Will. Chetwin, arm. . ut prius. 

28 Joh. Dudley, mil. 

O. a lion rampant tail-forked Vert. 

29 Geo. Gresley, mil. . . ut prius. 

30 Joh. Vernon, arm. . . ut prius. 

31 Edw. Littleton, arm. . ut prius. 

32 Edw. Ashton, mil. . . ut prius. 

33 Joh. Giffard, mil. . . ut prius. 

34 Will. Basset, mil. . . ut prius. 

35 Th. Fitzherbert, arm. 

Arg. a chief vairy O. and G. ; a bend engrailed S. 

36 Geo. Gresley, mil. . . ut prius. 

37 Joh. Harecourt, mil. . ut prius. 

38 Jac. Leveson. 

Quarterly G. and Az. three sinister hands couped Arg. 
Walt. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 




Anno Name. Place. 

1 Fran. Meverel, arm. . ut prius. 

2 Job. Fleetwood, arm. . Cakewish. 

Partie per pale nebule Az. and O. ; six martlets in pale 

3 Will. Snead, mil. . . Bradwel. 

Arg. a scithe and flower-de-luce in the middle of the shield S. 

4 Ed. Littleton, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Will. Basset, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Geo. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Th. Giffard, mil. . . ut prius. 

1.2 T. Fitzherbert, mil. . ut prius. 

2. 3 Pe. Draycot, mil. . . ut prius. 

3.4 Edw. Ashton, mil. . . ut prius. 

4. 5 Jo. Harecourt, mil. . ut prius. 
5, 6 Will. Snead, mil. . . tit prius. 


1 Hum. Wells, arm. 

2 Rad. Bagnol, mil. 

Erm. two bars O. over all a lion rampant Az. 

3 Job. Leveston, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Will. Gresley, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Ed. Littleton, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Rad. Oker, arm. 

7 Jo. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Sim. Harecourt, arm, . ut prius. 

9 Jo. Skrimsbere, arm. 

G, a lion rampant O. within a border Vairy. 

10 Jo. Fleetwood, arm. . ut prius. 

11 Ric. Bagot, arm. . . . ut prius. 

12 Walt. Ashton, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Th. Trentham, arm. 

Arg. three griffins heads S. langued G, 

14 Geor. Blount, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Job. Giffard, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Th. Horwood, arm. . . Compton. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three bucks heads caboshed S. 

17 Rad. Adderley, arm. . Blackhaugh. 

Arg. a chevron S. three mullets of the first. 

18 Rad. Snead, arm. . . ut prius. 

19 Ric. Bagot, arm. . . . ut prius. 

20 Jo. Chetwyn, arm. . . ut prius. 

21 Th. Trentham, arm. . ut prius. 

22 Walt. Ashton, mil. . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

23 Edw. Littleton, arm. . ut prius. 

24 Johannes Grey, arm. . ut prius. 

25 Th. Gresley, arm. . . tit prius. 

26 Edw. Leigh, arm. 

G. a cross engrailed Arg. in the first quarter a lozenge. 

27 Rad. Okever, arm. 

Erm. on a chief G. three bezants. 

28 Walt. Leveson, arm. . ut prius. 

29 Will. Basset, arm. . . ut prius. 

30 Joh. Bows, mil. . . . Elford. 

Erm. three bows S. 

31 Rob. Stanford, arm. 

Arg. three bars Az. on a canton G. a hand holding a bro 
ken falchion O. 

32 Edw. Eston, mil. 

33 Th. Leveson, arm. . . ut prius. 

34 Fr. Trentham, mil. . . ut prius. 

35 Ed. Littleton, mil. . . ut prius. 

36 Hen. Griffith, arm. . . ut prius. 

37 Rad. Sneade, arm. . . ut prius. 

38 Tho. Horwood, arm. . ut prius. 

39 Will. Crompton, arm. . Stone. 

Arg. on a chief Vert three pheons O. 

40 Walt. Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

41 Walt. Bagot, arm. . . ut prius. 

42 Will. Chetwyn, arm, . ut prius. 

43 Will. Skevington, arm. 

Arg. three bulls heads erased S. 

44 Edw. Leigh, arm. .- . ut prius. 

45 Walt. Bagot, arm, . . ut prius. 


1 Walt. Bagot, arm. . . ut prius. 
Edw. Leigh .... ut prius. 

2 Will. Horwood, mil. . ut prius. 

3 Gilb. Wakering, mil. 

4 Ed. Brabazon, mil. 

G. on a bend Arg. three martlets of the first. 

5 Walt. Chetwyn, mil. . ut prius. 

6 Ja. Skrimshere, arm. . ut prius. 

7 Walt. Haveningham, arm. Aston. 

Quarterly, O. and G. a border S. with scallop-shells Arg. 

8 Simon Weston, mil. 

9 Fr. Trentham, arm. . . ut prius. 

10 Th. Meverel, arm. 

Arg. a griffin segreant S. 

1 1 Th. Littleton, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Ric. Fleetwood, bar. . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

13 Job. Peshal, mil. et bar. ut prius. 

14 Job. Offley, mil. 

Arg. on a cross Az. formee fleury a lion passant O. between 
four Cornisb chougbs S. 

15 Hug, Wrotesley, arm. . ut prius. 

16 Th. Skrimshere, arm. . ut prius. 

17 Hen. Leigh, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Ed. Winsor, arm. 

19 Rad. Snepe, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Will. Cumberford, arm. 

21 Will. Skeffington, arm. . ut prius, 

22 Ed. Stanford, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Th. Parkes, arm. 

2 Herveus Bagot, bar. . ut prius. 

3 Will. Bowyer, mil. . . Knipersley. 

Arg. a lion rampant betwixt three cross croslets 
fitchee G. 

4 Joh. Bowes, arm, . . ut prius. 

5 Joh. Cotes, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Will. Wollaston, arm. 

S. three pierced mullets Arg. 

7 Th. Broughton, arm. . Langdon. 

Arg. two. bars. G. ; on a canton of the second a cross of 
the first. 

8 Th. Horwood, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Hen. Griffith, bar. . . ut prius, 

10 Humf. Wyrley, arm. . Hampsted. 

Arg. three bugle horns S. stringed Vert. 

11 Ric. Pyot, et 

Humf. Wyrley, arm. . ut prius. 

12 Ed. Littleton, bar. . , ut prius. 

13 Joh. Skevington, arm. . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Skrimshere, arm. ut prius. 

15 Joh. Bellot, arm. 

16 Joh. Agard, arm. 

17 Ed. Mosely, bar. 

S. on a chevron betwixt three mullets Arg. as many 

mullets G. 
19 Simon Rudgeley. 

Arg. on a chevron S. three mullets of the first. 
22 Th. Kynnersley, arm. 

Az. semee de crosses croslet, a lion rampant Arg. 



1. BRIAN CORNWAL. He was also this year sheriff of Shrop 
shire ; so that the two adjacent counties were under his inspec 

4. ROGER de WIRLEY. When I observe how this gentle 
man is fixed in his generation, I cannot satisfy myself whether 
he lived nearer unto his ancestor Robert de Parva Wirley, who 
flourished in this county under king Henry the Second (if not 
before) ; or whether he approached nearer unto his descendant, 
Sir John Wirley, that learned knight now living at Hampstead. 
In my arithmetic he is equally distanced from them both. 


12. THOMAS STANLEY. His true name was Audley ; for, 
after that Adam, youngest brother to James Lord Audley, had 
married the daughter and heir of Henry de Stanley, William 
their son assumed the surname of Stanley, and transmitted it to 

As for this Thomas Stanley, till I be clearly convinced to the 
contrary, he shall pass with me for the same person whom king 
Henry the Sixth made Lord Stanley, knight of the Garter, lord 
deputy of Ireland, and lord chamberlain of his household ; and 
father unto Thomas Stanley, whom king Henry the Seventh 
created the first earl of Derby. 

34. JOHN DELVES, Esq. He is the last of that ancient fa 
mily appearing in this catalogue, who were fixed in this county 
in the reign of king Edward the Third. This Sir John Delves 
(for he was afterwards knighted) left one daughter and sole heir, 
called Helene, married unto Sir Robert Sheffield, knight, and 
recorder of London, ancestor unto the present earl of Moul- 


1. WALTER WROTESLEY. He was lineally descended from 
Sir Hugh Wrotesley,t one of the first founders of the most 
noble order of the Garter. 


28. JOHN DUDLEY. I had thought his ambition had been 
too high to come tinder the roof of such an office, and discharge 
the place of a sheriff. But know, that as yet Sir John Dudley 
was but Sir John Dudley, a plain but powerful knight, who not 
long afterwards, viz. the 38th of king Henry the Eighth, was 

* Camden s Remains, p. 142. f Sampson Erdeswicke, MS. 

J Camden s Britannia, in this county. 


created Viscount Lisle ; and then earl of Warwick, in the first 
of king Edward the Sixth ;* and in the fifth of the said king, 
Duke of Northumberland. However, now he waited at Assizes 
on the itinerant judges, who afterwards made all the judges of 
the land (justice Hales alone excepted) attend on him, and dance 
after the pipe of his pleasure, when the instrument was drawn 
up (testament I can hardly term it) whereby the two sisters of 
king Edward the Sixth were disinherited. 


3. WILLIAM Bo WYE R, Knight. Thomas Bowyer, his an 
cestor, from whom he is lineally descended, did, in the reign of 
king Richard the Second, marry Catharine, daughter and heir 
of Robert Knipersley, of Knipersley in this county, with whom 
he had a fair inheritance.t The Bowyers of Sussex (invited 
thither some two hundred years since by an earl of Northum 
berland) are a younger branch from these in Staffordshire. 


At Hopton Heath, in this county, in March 1643, a fierce 
fight happened betwixt the king s and parliament s forces, on a 
ground full of cony-burrows, therefore affording ill footing for 
the horse. But an equal disadvantage on both sides is no dis 
advantage on either. The royalists may be said to have got the 
day, and lost the sun which made it : I mean the truly loyal and 
valiant Spencer earl of Northampton, though still surviving, as 
in his grateful memory, so in his noble and numerous issue, no 
less deservedly honoured by others than mutually loving amongst 


To take our vale of Staffordshire. I wish that the pit-coal 
(wherewith it aboundeth) may seasonably and safely be burnt 
in their chimneys, and not have their burning ante-dated, before 
they be digged out of the bowels of the earth. The rather, be 
cause I have read, how in the year 1622 there was found a coal 
mine actually on fire, between Willingsworth and Weddesbury 
in this county. J I find not by what casualty this English 
^Etna was kindled, nor how long it did continue. And although 
such combustions be not so terrible here as in the south of 
Italy, where the sulphureous matter more enrageth the fury of 
the fire, yet it could not but cause much fright and fear to the 
people thereabouts. 

" Render, by this be pleased to rectify what before [not so exactly] was written 

of his honour, in his character under the title of SOLDIERS F. 

f Sampson Erdeswicke, MS. 

J Burton, in his Description of Leicestershire, p. 218. 



George Lord ANSON, circumnavigator; born at Shugborough 

1697; died 1762. 
Elias ASHMOLE, founder of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, 

skilled in chemistry, antiquities, heraldry, mathematics, &c. ; 

born at Lichfield 1617; died 1692. 
Thomas ASTLE, antiquary, author on writing ; born at Yoxhall 

1735 ; died 1803. 

Philip ASTLEY, equestrian, originator of " Astley s Amphithea 
tre;" born at Newcastle-under-Line 1742; died 1814. 
John BOYDELL, lord mayor of London, engraver, patron of the 

arts; born 1719; died 1804. 
Isaac Hawkins BROWNE, elegant poet in Latin and English ; 

born at Burton-upon-Trent 1706 ; died 1766. 
Theophilus BUCKERIDGE, divine, antiquary, and learned writer; 

born at Lichfield 1724 ; died 1803. 
George BUTT, divine, author of a collection of poems, and other 

works; born at Lichfield 1741 ; died 1795. 
Arthur CLIFFORD, author of a History of Tixall, and other 

works; born 1778; died 1830. 
Sir William CONGREVE, engineer, inventor of the Congreve 

rockets, &c. ; born 1772 ; died 1828. 
Charles COTTON, poet, principally in burlesque ; born at 

Beresford 1630; died 1687. 

Thomas DILKE, dramatic writer ; born at Lichfield about 1699. 
Elijah FENTON, scholar and dramatist, assisted Pope in his 

Odyssey; born at Shelton near Newcastle 1683 ; died 1730. 
Sir John FLOYER, physician and author ; born at Hints 1649 ; 

died 1734. 
Alan Lord GARDNER, celebrated admiral; born at Uttoxeter 

1742; died 1809. 
Thomas GUY, founder of Guy s hospital in Southwark, and 

benefactor to his native town; born at Tamworth 1644; 

died 1724. 
Richard HURD, bishop of Worcester, philological writer ; born 

at Congreve 1720; died 1808. 
R. JAGO, divine and poet; born at Beau-Desert 1715 ; died 

Dr. Robert JAMES, inventor of the Fever Powders bearing his 

name; born at Kinverton 1 703 ; died 1776. 
JERVIS earl of St. Vincent, naval commander ; born at Mea- 

ford Hall 1734 ; died 1823. 
Dr, Samuel JOHNSON, lexicographer, critic, poet, biographer, 

and moralist; born at Lichfield 1709 ; died 1784. 
Samuel JOHNSON, divine, writer in favour of civil liberty ; born 

1649; died 1703. 


Gregory KING, draughtsman, herald, and political economist; 

died 1712. 

Dr. John LIGHTFOOT, learned divine, who assisted in the Poly 
glot Bible ; born at Stoke-upon-Trent 1602 ; died 1675. 
R. MEADOWCROFT, divine, critic, and annotator on Milton ; 

Thomas Moss, divine, author of the Beggar s Petition, and 

other poems ; born about 1740; died 1808. 
Thomas NEWTON, bishop of Bristol, author of " Dissertations 

on the Prophecies ;" born at Lichfield 1703 ; died 1782. 
Henry SALT, traveller in the East, and British consul in Egypt ; 

born at Lichfield; died in Alexandria 1827- 
Rev. Stebbing SHAW, historian of his native county ; born at 

Stone 1762; died 1802. 
Gilbert SHELDON, archbishop of Canterbury ; born at Stanton 

1598; died 1677. 

George SMALRIDGE, learned bishop of Bristol ; born at Lich 
field 1663; died 1719. 
Izaak WALTON, " honest Isaac," celebrated angler and amusing 

writer; born at Stafford 1593; died 1683. 
Josiah WEDGWOOD, improver of the manufacture of pottery ; 

born 1731 ; died 1795. 
Samuel Pipe WOLFERSTAN, eminent antiquary; born at Stat- 

fold 1751; died 1820. 
William WOLLASTON, philosophical writer; born at Coton 

Clamford 1659. 
James WYATT, architect of the Pantheon, London, Beckford s 

Fonthill, &c.; born at Burton 1743; died 1813. 

"* The county of Stafford has been fortunate in its historians. So early as 
1603, Mr. Sampson Erdeswicke, whom Camden styles " Venerabilis antiquitatis 
cultor maximus," made Collections for a topographical History of Staffordshire, 
which Dr. Fuller frequently cites in the course of this work. A portion of these 
were published in 1717, and the remainder in 1723. In 1820, the Rev. T. Har- 
wood brought out an enlarged and greatly improved edition of Erdeswicke, of 
which another edition is now in preparation. Histories of the county have also been 
published by W. Tunnicliffe (1787); by the Rev. S. Shaw (179S and 1802) ; and 
by W. Pitt (1817) ; besides the Natural History of Staffordshire, by Dr. 
Plott, which was published so early as 1686. Several local histories have also 
appeared at different times ; as the Histories of Lichfield, by J. Jackson (1805), and 
by the Rev. T. Harwood (1806) ; of Eccleshall, by S. Pegge (1784) ; of Shenstone, 
by the Rev. H. Sanders (1794) ; Roby s Tamworth ; the Rev. S. Shaw s Histories 
of Byshbury, Shenstone, the Three Ridwares, Tamworth, Walsall, &c ED. 


SUFFOLK hath Norfolk on the north, divided with the rivers 
of Little Ouse and Waveny ; Cambridgeshire on the west; the 
German Ocean on the east ; and Essex, parted with the river 
Stour, on the south thereof. From east to west it stretch eth 
forty-five miles, though the general breadth be but twenty, 
saving by the sea-side, where it runneth out more by the ad 
vantage of a corner. The air thereof generally is sweet, and by 
the best physicians* esteemed the best in England, often pre 
scribing the receipt thereof to the consumptionish patients. 
I say generally sweet, there being a small parcel nigh the sea 
side not so excellent, which may seem left there by Nature, on 
purpose to advance the purity of the rest. 


C/ H. Jbj it* o Jlv 

Most excellent are made herein, whereof the finest are very 
thin, as intended not for food but digestion. I remember, 
when living in Cambridge, the cheese of this county was pre 
ferred as the best. If any say that scholars palates are incom 
petent judges, whose hungry appetites make coarse diet seem 
delicates unto them, let them know, that Pantaleon, the learned 
Dutch physician,f counted them equal at least with them of 
Parma in Italy. 


For quantity and quality this county doth excel, and venteth 
it at London and elsewhere. The child not yet come to and 
the old man who is past the use of teeth, eateth no softer, the 
poor man no cheaper (in this shire), the rich no w r holesomer 
food, I mean in the morning. It was half of our Saviour s bill 
of fare in his infancy, " Butter and honey shall he eat." J 

It is of a cordial, or, I may say, antidotal nature. The story 
is well known of a wife which, desiring to be a widow, incorpo 
rated poison in the butter, whereon her husband had his prin 
cipal repast. The poor man, finding himself strangely affected, 

Speed, in his Description of Suffolk, 
t Camden s Britannia, in Suffolk. J Isaiah vii. 15. 


repaired to a physician, who by some symptoms suspecting 
poison, demanded of his patient which was his chief est diet. 
The sick man told him, that he fed most constantly on butter. 
" Eat butter still," returned the physician, " which hitherto 
hath saved your life :" for it corrected the poison, that neither 
the malignity thereof, nor the malice of the wife, could have 
their full operation. 


Here it will not be amiss to insert a passage which I meet with 
in an industrious antiquary, as relating to the present subject. 

ff The manufacture of clothing in this county hath been much 
greater, and those of that trade far richer, I persuade myself, 
heretofore than in these times ; or else the heirs and executors 
of the deceased were more careful that the testator s dead corpse 
should be interred in more decent manner, than they are now-a- 
days ; otherwise I should not find so many marbles richly inlaid 
with brass, to the memory of clothiers in foregoing ages, and 
not one in these later seasons. All the monuments in the church 
of Neyland, which bare any face of comeliness and antiquity, 
are erected to the memory of clothiers, and such as belong to 
that mystery."* 

Some perchance would assign another reason, viz. because 
monuments formerly were conceived to conduce much to the 
happiness of the deceased (as bespeaking in their epitaphs the 
suffrages of the living in their behalf) ; which error is vanished 
away since the Reformation ; all which being fully believed, 
weakeneth not the observation, but that Suffolk clothiers were 
wealthier in former than in our age. 


This county hath no Cathedral therein, and the parochial 
churches [generally fair] no one of transcendant eminency. 
But formerly it had so magnificent an abbey-church in Bury, 
the sun shined not on a fairer,t with three lesser churches wait 
ing thereon in the same church-yard. 

Of these but two are extant at this day, and those right stately 
structures : 

" And if the servants we so much commend, 
What was the mistress whom they did attend ?" 

Here I meet with a passage that affected me with wonder, 
though I know not how the reader will resent it. It is avouched 
by all authors,! that Mary, youngest sister to king Henry the 
Eighth, relict to Louis the Twelfth, king of France, afterwards 

Weever s Funeral Monuments, page 770. 
f Leland, in his Description of Bury, 
j Stow, Speed, Mills, Vincent, Weever, &c. 


married to Charles Brandon duke of Suffolk, died on Midsummer 
eve, 1533, and was buried in the abbey church in Bury. But, 
it seems, her corpse could not protect that church from demolish- 
ing, which in few years after was levelled to the ground. I read 
not that the body of this princess was removed to any other 
place ; nor doth any monument here remain to her memory, 
though her king-brother and second husband survived the de 
struction of that church. A strange thing ! save that nothing 
was strange in those days of confusion. 

As for the town of Bury, it is sweetly seated and fairly built, 
especially since the year 1608 ; about which time it was lamen 
tably defaced with a casual fire, though since God hath given 
them " beauty for ashes/ * And may the following distich (set 
up therein) prove prophetical unto the place : 

Burgus ut antiquus violento comut igne, 
flic stet dumflammis terra polusqueflagrent. 

" Though furious fire the old town did consume, 
Stand this, till all the world shall flaming fume." 

Nor is the school a small ornament to this town, founded by 
king Edward the Sixth, being itself a corporation, now (as 
well as ever) flourishing under Mr. Stephens, the able master 

Amongst the many fair houses of the gentry in this county, 
Long Melford must not be forgotten, late the house of the 
countess Rivers, and the FIRST FRUITS of PLUNDERING 
in England ; and Sommerley hall (nigh Yarmouth) belonging 
to the lady Wentworth, well answering the name thereof : for 
here Sommer is to be seen in the depth of winter in the plea 
sant walks, beset on both sides with fir-trees green all the year 
long, besides other curiosities. As for merchants houses, Ips 
wich town (co-rival with some cities for neatness and greatness) 
affordeth many of equal handsomeness. 


" Suffolk milk."] 

This was one of the staple commodities of the Land of Ca 
naan, and certainly most wholesome for man s body, because 
of God s own choosing for his own people. No county in England 
affords better and sweeter of this kind, lying opposite to Hol 
land in the Netherlands, where is the best dairy in Christendom, 
which mindeth me of a passage betwixt Spinola and Grave Mau 

The Spanish general being invited to an entertainment by 
the aforesaid prince at Breda (as I take it), when lemons and 
oranges were brought in for sauce at the first course, " What a 
brave country is my master s," quoth the Don, " affording this 

Isaiah Ixi. 3. 


fair fruit all the year long \" But when cream was brought up 
to close the feast, Grave Maurice returned, " What a brave 
country is ours, that yieldeth this fruit twice every day \" 

" Suffolk fair maids."] 

It seems the God of nature hath been bountiful in giving 
them beautiful complexions, which I am willing to believe so 
far forth as it fixeth not a comparative disparagement on the 
same sex in other counties. I hope they will labour to join 
gracious hearts to fair faces ; otherwise, I am sure, there is a 
divine proverb of infallible truth, "As a jewel of gold in a 
swine s snout, so is a fair M^oman which is without discretion."* 
" Suffolk stiles."] 

It is a measuring cast, whether this proverb pertaineth to 
Essex or this county ; and I believe it belongeth to both, which 
being inclosed countries into petty quillets, abound with high 
stiles, troublesome to be clambered over. But the owners 
grudge not the pains in climbing them, sensible that such seve- 
rals redound much to their own advantage. 
" You are in the highway to Needham."] 

Needham is a market-town in this county, well stocked (if I 
mistake not) with poor people; though I believe this in no 
degree did occasion the first denomination thereof. They are 
said to be in the highway to Needham who hasten to poverty. 

However, these fall under a distinction ; some go, others are 
sent thither. Such as go embrace several ways ; some, if poor, 
of idleness ; if rich, of carelessness, or else of prodigality. 

Others are sent thither against their wills by the powerful 
oppression of such who either detain or devour their estates. 
And it is possible some may be sent thither by no default of 
their own, or visible cause from others, but merely from divine 
justice, insensibly dwindling their estates, chiefly for trial of 
their patience. 

Wherefore, so many ways leading to Needham from divers 
quarters, I mean from different causes ; it is unjust to condemn 
all persons meeting there, under the censure of the same 


[AMP.] EDMUND MORTIMER, son to Roger Mortimer 
earl of March, grandchild of Edmund Mortimer earl of March, 
and of Philippa sole daughter of Lionel duke of Clarence, may 
pass with the charitable reader for a prince, since he paid so 
dear for the same, as will appear. I confess it impossible to fix 
his nativity with assurance (having not hitherto read any record 
which reached it), the rather because of the vastness of his pa 
trimony, and several habitations : 

In England, Clare castle, with many other manors in 

* Proverbs xi, 22. 


Suffolk : In the Marches of Wales, whence he had his honour, 
Wigmore in Herefordshire, Ludlow in Shropshire : In Ireland, 
Trim Connaught ; with large lands in Ulster. 

But most probable it is that he was born, where he was 
buried, at Clare. After the death of king Richard the Second, 
he was the next heir to the crown. Happy had he been, if 
either nearer to it, so as to enjoy the honour thereof, or farther 
off, so as not to be envied and suspected for his title thereunto 
by king Henry the Fourth. Now, all the harm this earl had 
done king Henry was this, that king Henry held from him his 
lawful inheritance. Yea, this meek Mortimer was content to 
waive the crown, so be it he might but enjoy his private patri 
mony, which he could not without many molestations from the 
king. For this is the nature of some men, to heap injuries on 
those they have wronged, as if the later injuries would give a 
countenance of justice to the former. 

He employed this Edmund in a war against Owen Glen- 
dower, the Welsh rebel, on the same design that Saul sent 
David to fight against and fetch the fore- skins of the Philis 
tines.* If he proved conqueror, then was king Henry freed 
from a professed foe ; if conquered, then was he rid of a sus 
pected subject. But Mortimer went by the worst ; and, being 
taken prisoner, the king (though often solicited) never endea 
voured his enlargement, till at last he dearly ransomed himself. 
Yet did he but exchange a Welsh for an Irish prison, kept 
twenty years in restraint in his own castle of Trim, in the end 
of the reign of cunning king Henry the Fourth, all the reign of 
courageous king Henry the Fifth, and the beginning of the reign 
of innocent king Henry the Sixth, their different tempers meet 
ing in cruelty against this poor prisoner. He died anno 
Domini 1454, .without issue, leaving Anne his sister his heir; 
and lieth buried in Clare, as is aforesaid. 


St. EDMUND, king of the East-Angles. Hear what falsehoods 
are huddled together in our English Martyrology, written (as 
he terms himself) " by a Catholic Priest, permissu Superiorum, 
1608," page 319, on the 20th of November : 

" At Hexam in Northumberland, the passion of St. Edmund 
king and martyr, who being a Saxon by bloud, born in the city 
of Noremberg in that province, and nephew to Offa king of the 
East- Angles." 

First, Hexam in Northumberland should be Hoxtonf in this 
county, where St. Edmund was martyred. Secondly, there is 
no city Noremberg in Britain, nor Europe, save that in Ger 

This is enough to make us distrust what he writeth after- 

Samuel xviii. 25. f Hoxne, otherwise called Hoxon. ED. 

SAINTS. 163 

wards, viz. that, when the said St. Edmund was cruelly mur 
dered by the Danes, and when the Christians, seeking his corpse, 
were lost in a wood, did call one to another, " Where art ? 
where art ? where art ? " the martyred head answered, " Here, 
here, here." However, God forbid that this author s fal 
sities should make us undervalue this worthy king and mar 
tyr, cruelly tortured to death by the pagan Danes, and by an 
old author thus not unhandsomely expressed :* 

Utquc cruore suo Gallos Dionysius ornat : 

Grcecos Demetrius : gloria quisque suis : 
Sic nos Edmundus nulli virtule secundus, 

Lux patet, et patrite gloria magna sues, 
Sceptra manum, diadema caput, sua purpura corpus 

Ornat ei, seel plus vincida, mucro, cruor. 

" As Denis by his death adorneth France : 

Demetrius Greece : each credit to his place : 
So Edmund s lustre doth our land advance, 

Who with his virtues doth his country grace. 
Sceptre, crown, robe, his hand, head, corpse renowns, 
More famous for his bonds, his blood, his wounds. 1 

His death happened anno Domini 870, whose body \vas 
placed in a goodly shrine, richly adorned with jewels and precious 
stones, at Bury in this county. These all are vanished, whilst 
the name of St. Edmund will ever remain in that town s denomi 

ROBERT GROSSETESTE. Jehosaphat, seeing four hundred 
prophets of Baal together, and suspecting they were too many 
to be good, cast in that shrewd question ; " Is there not here a 
prophet of the Lord besides ;"f and thereupon Micaiah was 
mentioned unto him. 

Possibly the reader, seeing such swarms of Popish saints 
in England, will demand, " Is there not yet a saint of the Lord 
besides ? And I conceive myself concerned to return a true 
answer, that there is Robert Grosseteste by name, whom now 
we come to describe. 

He was born in this county,^ bred in Oxford, where he 
became most eminent for religion, and learning in all kind of 
languages, arts and sciences ; and at last was preferred bishop 
of Lincoln 1235. He wrote no fewer than three hundred 
treatises, whereof most are extant in manuscript in Westmin 
ster library, which Dr. Williams (his successor in the see of 
Lincoln) intended to have published in three fair folio volumes, 
had not the late troublesome times disheartened him. Thus 
our civil wars have not only filled us with legions of lying pam 
phlets, but also deprived us of such a treasure of truth, as this 
worthy man s works would have proved to all posterity. 

* Ex Libro Abbathiae de Rufford, in Bibl. Cott. 

t 1 Kings xxii. 7.* % Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, cent. iv. num. 18. 

So Mr. Goland, the learned library keeper (lately deceased), informed 
me. F. 

M 2 


He was a stout opposer of Popish oppression in the land, 
and a sharp reprover of the corruptions of the court of Rome, 
as we have largely declared in our " Ecclesiastical History/ 
Such the piety of his life and death, that, though loaded with 
curses from the Pope, he generally obtained the reputation of a 

Bellarmine starts a question,* whether one may pray law 
fully to him, and paint his picture in the church, who is not 
canonized by the Pope ? And very gravely he determineth (a 
short line will serve to fathom a shallow water) that privately 
he may do it ; and that a picture of such a man may be painted 
in the church, provided his head be not encompassed with a 
radiated circle as particular to canonized saints. Thus our 
learned and pious Robert must want that addition of a glory 
about his picture ; and the matter is not much, seeing no doubt 
having " turned many to righteousness, he doth shine in Hea 
ven as the brightness of the firmament ; "t whose death hap 
pened anno Domini 1254. 


ROWLAND TAYLOR. Where born unknown (though some) 
without any assurance, have suggested his nativity in Yorkshire, 
was bred in Cambridge, and became head of Borden Hostle, 
nigh (if not now partly in) Caius College, where he commenced 
doctor of laws. Hence he was, by archbishop Cranmer, pre 
sented to the rectory of Hadley in this county. He was a great 
scholar, painful preacher, charitable to the poor, of a comely 
countenance, proper person (but inclining to corpulency), and 
cheerful behaviour. The same devotion had different looks in 
several martyrs, frowning in stern Hooper, weeping in meek 
Bradford, and smiling constantly in pleasant Taylor. 

Indeed some have censured his merry conceits, as trespass 
ing on the gravity of his calling, especially when just before 
his death. But surely such Romanists, who admire the tem 
per of Sir Thomas More jesting with the axe of the executioner, 
will excuse our Taylor for making himself merry with the 
stake. But though it be ill jesting with edged tools (whereof 
death is the sharpest), yet since our Saviour hath blunted it, his 
servants may rather be delighted than dismayed with it. Not 
long after, doctor Taylor set archbishop Cranmer, who was his 
patron, a copy of patience, who indeed wrote after it, but not 
with so steady a hand, and so even a character of constancy. 
Taylor was martyred at Hadley, February 9, 1555. 

ROBERT SAMUEL was minister of Barfold in this county, 
who, by the cruelty of Hopton bishop of Norwich, and Down 
ing his chancellor, was tortured in prison : not to preserve 

* De Sanct. Beatit. cap. 10. f Daniel xii. 3. 


but to reserve him for more pain. He was allowed every day 
but three raouthfuls of bread, and three spoonfuls of water. 
Fain would he have drunk his own urine ; but his thirst- 
parched body afforded none. 

I read how he saw a vision of one all in white, comforting 
and telling him, " that after that day he never should be hun 
gry or thirsty ;"* which came to pass accordingly, being within 
few hours after martyred at Ipswich, August 21, 1555. Some 
report, that his body, when burnt, did shine as bright as bur 
nished silver, f " Sed parcius ista." Such things must be 
sparingly written by those who would not only avoid untruths, 
but the appearance thereof. Thus, loath to lengthen men s 
tongues reporting what may seem improbable, and more loath 
to shorten God s hand in what might be miraculous, I leave 
the relation as I found it. 

Besides these two, I meet with more than twenty by name 
martyred (confessors doubling that number), whose ashes w r ere 
scattered all over the county, at Ipswich, Bury, Beccles, &c. 
It is vehemently suspected, that three of them burnt at Beccles 
had their death antedated,^ before the writ de Hceretico com- 
burendo could possibly be brought down to the sheriff. And 
was not this (to use Tertullian s Latin in some different sense) 
festinatio homicidii ? Now though charity may borrow a point 
of law to save life, surely cruelty should not steal one to 
destroy it. 


THOMAS WOLSEY was born in the town of Ipswich, where 
a butcher, a very honest man, was his father, though a poet be 
thus pleased to descant thereon : 

" Brave priest, whoever was thy sire by kind, 
Wolsey of Ipswich ne er begat thy mind." 

One of so vast undertakings, that our whole book will not afford 
room enough for his character ; the writing whereof I commend 
to some eminent person of his foundation of Christ-church in 

He was made cardinal of St. Cecily, and died heart-broken 
with grief at Leicester 1530, without any monument, which 
made a great wit of his own college thus lately complain : 

" And though for his own store Wolsey might have 
A palace, or a college for his grave, 
Yet here he lies interred, as if that all 
Of him to be remember d were his fall. 
Nothing but earth to earth, nor pompous weight 
Upon him but a pebble or a quoit, 
If thou art thus neglected, what shall we 
Hope after death, that are but shreds of thee ?" 

This may truly be said of him, he was not guilty of mis- 

k Fox s Acts and Monuments, page 1709, f Idem, ibidem. 

% Fox s Martyrology, p, i12. Dr. Corbet, in his Iter Boreale. 


chievous pride; and was generally commended for doing jus 
tice, when chancellor of England. 


HERBERT LOSING was born in this county, as our anti 
quary* informeth us, " In pago Oxunensi in Sudovolgia Anglo- 
rum comitatu natus : " but, on the perusing of all the lists of 
towns in this county, no Oxun appeareth therein, or name 
neighbouring thereon in sound and syllables.f This I con 
ceive the cause why bishop Godwin so confidently makes this 
Herbert born Oxonige, in Oxford, in which we have formerly 
placed his character. 

However, seeing Bale was an excellent antiquary, and, being 
himself a Suffolk-man, must be presumed knowing in his 
own county ; and conceiving it possible that this Oxun was 
either an obscure church-less village, or else in this day 
disguised under another name; I conceive it just, that as 
Oxfordshire led the front Suffolk should bring up the rear 
of this Herbert s description. 

Indeed he may well serve two counties, being so diffe 
rent from himself, and two persons in effect. When young, 
loose and wild, deeply guilty of the sin of simony: when 
old, nothing of Herbert was in Herbert, using commonly 
the words of St. Hierome ;f " Erravimus juvenes, emendemus 
senes ; " (when young we went astray, when old we will amend.) 
Now, though some controversy about the place of his birth, all 
agree in his death, July 22, 1119; and in his burial, in the 
cathedral church of Norwich. 

RICHARD AXGERVILE, son to Sir Richard Angervile, knight, 
was born at Bury in this county, and bred in Oxford, where 
he attained to great eminency in learning. He was gover 
nor to king Edward the Third whilst prince, and afterwards 
advanced by him to be successively his cofferer, treasurer of his 
wardrobe, dean of Wells, bishop" of Durham, chancellor, and 
lastly treasurer of England. He bestowed on the poor every week 
eight quarters of wheat baked in bread. || When here moved 
from Durham to Newcastle (twelve short miles) he used to give 
eight pounds sterling in alms to the poor, and so proportion- 
ably in other places betwixt his palaces. He was a great lover 
of books, confessing himself " extatico quodam librorum amore 
potenter abreptum/ f insomuch that he alone had more books 
than all the bishops of England in that age put together, which 

Bale, Cent. ii. p. 171. 

t Dr. Fuller did not recollect the town of Hoxon, otherwise Hoxne, in the hundred 
of that name ED. 

t William Malmesbury. Hence commonly called Ricliardus de Bureo. 

uodwin, in his Bishops of Durham, p. 131. 
U In his book called " Philobiblos." 


stately library, by his will, he solemnly bequeathei to the un- 
versity of Oxford. The most eminent foreigners were his 
friends, and the most learned Englishmen were his chaplains 
until his death, which happened anno 1345. 

JOHN PASCHAL was born in this county* (where his name 
still continueth) of gentle parentage ; bred a Carthusian, and 
D. D. in Cambridge ; a great scholar, and popular preacher. 
Bateman, bishop of Norwich, procured the Pope to make him 
the umbratile bishop of Scutari, whence he received as much 
profit as one may get heat from a glow-worm. It was not long 
before, by the favour of king Edward the Third, he was removed 
from a very shadow to a slender substance, the bishopric of Llan- 
daff; wherein he died anno Domini 1361. 

SIMON SUDBURY, alias Tibald, was born at Sudbury, as 
great as most and ancient as any town in this county. After 
many mediate preferments (let him thank the Pope s provisions) 
at last he became archbishop of Canterbury. He began two 
synods with Latin sermons in his own person, as rare in that 
age as blazing-stars, and as ominous ; for they portended ill suc 
cess to Wickliffe and his followers. However, this Simon Sud 
bury, overawed by the God of heaven and John duke of 
Lancaster, did not (because he could not) any harm unto him. 
He was killed in the rebellion of Jack Straw and Wat Tyler, 
anno Domini 1381. 

And although his shadowy tomb (being no more than an 
honourary cenotaph) be shown at Christ Church in Canterbury ; 
yet his substantial monument, wherein his bones are deposited, 
is to be seen in St. Gregory s in Sudbury, under a marble stone 
sometime inlayed all over with brass (some four yards long, 
and two broad, saith mine eye-witness author,t though I con 
fess I never met with any of like dimension) ; so that in some 
sense I may also call this a cenotaph, as not proportioned to the 
bulk of his body, but height of his honour and estate. 

THOMAS EDWARDSTON, so named from his birth-place, Ed- 
wardston, in this county (a village J formerly famous for the 
chief mansion of the ancient family of Mounchensey) ; bred first 
in Oxford, then an Augustinian eremite in Clare. He was a 
great scholar, as his works evidence, and confessor to Lionel 
duke of Clarence, whom he attended into Italy, when he mar 
ried Joland, daughter to John Galeaceus, duke of Milan. 

J. Pits conceiveth him to have been an archbishop in Ireland, 
which is utterly disowned by judicious Sir James Ware. 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. v. num. 95. 

t Weever s Funeral Monuments, p. 743. 

| Camden s Britannia, in Suffolk. De Scriptoribus Hiberniee, lib. ii. p. 126. 


And indeed if Bale s words* (whence Pits deriveth his intelligence) 
be considered, it will appear he never had title of an archbishop, 
" Sed cujusdam Archi-episcopatus curam accepit," (he under 
took care of some archbishopric), probably commended in the 
vacancy thereof to his inspection. And why might not this be 
some Italian archbishopric, during his attendance on his patron 
there, though afterwards (preferring privacy before a more 
pompous charge) he returned into his native country, and died 
at Clare, anno 1396. 

THOMAS PEVEREL, was born of good parentage, in this 
county :f bred a Carmelite, and D.D, in Oxford. He was af 
terwards, by king Richard the Second, made bishop of Ossory in 
Ireland. I say by king Richard the Second, which minds me of 
a memorable passage which I have read in an excellent author. 

It may justly seem strange, which is most true, that there are 
three bishoprics in Ireland, in the province of Ulster, by name 
Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher, which neither queen Elizabeth, 
nor any of her progenitors, did ever bestow, though they were 
the undoubted patrons thereof ;J so that king James was the 
first king of England that did ever supply those sees with 
bishops ; so that it seems, formerly, the great Irish lords in 
those parts preferred their own chaplains thereunto. 

However, the bishoprics in the south of the land were ever in 
the disposal of our kings, amongst which Ossory was one, bestow 
ed on our Peverel. From Ireland he was removed to Landaff in 
Wales, then to Worcester in England, being one much esteemed 
for learning, as his books do declare. He died, according to 
bishop Godwin s account, March 1, 1417, and lieth buried in 
his own cathedral. 

STEPHEN GARDINER was born in Bury St. Edmund s, one 
of the best airs in England, the sharpness whereof he retained 
in his wit and quick apprehension. Some make him base-son 
to Lionel Woodvile, bishop of Salisbury ; which I can hardly 
believe, Salisbury and St. Edmund s Bury being six score miles 
asunder. Besides, time herein is harder to be reconciled than place. 
For it being granted an error of youth in that bishop, and that 
bishop vanishing out of this world, 1485, Gardiner in all pro 
bability must be allowed of greater age than he \vas at his death. 

It is confessed by all, that he was a man ot admirable na 
tural parts, and memory especially, so conducible to learning, 
that one saith, " Taritum scimus quantum meminimus." He 
was bred doctor of laws in Trinity Hall in Cambridge ; and, 
after many State embassies and employments, he was by king 

* De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. vii. num. 7. 

t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. vii. num. 49. 

Sir Joh Davis, in his Treatise of Ireland, p. 255. 
Rale, Pits, Godwin, &c. 



Henry the Eighth made bishop of Winchester. His malice was 
like what is commonly said of white powder, which surely dis 
charged the bullet, yet made no report, being secret in all 
his acts of cruelty. This made him often chide Bonner, calling 
him ass,* though not so much for killing poor people, as not for 
doing it more cunningly. 

He was the chief contriver of what we may call Gardiner s 
Creed, though consisting but of six articles, which caused the 
death of many, and trouble of more Protestants. He had al 
most cut off one who was and prevented another for ever being, 
a queen (I mean Catherine Parr and thelady Elizabeth,) had not 
Divine Providence preserved them. He complied with king 
Henry the Eighth, and was what he would have him; opposedking 
Edward the Sixth, by whom he was imprisoned and deprived ; 
acted all under queen Mary, by whom he was restored, and 
made lord chancellor of England. 

He is reported to have died more than half a Protestant, 
avouching that he believed himself and all others only to be 
justified by the merits of Christ ; which if so, then did he verify 
the Greek and Latin proverb, 

IIoAXct/ae KO.} KijTrupoe ai rjp pd\a KaifHOV t\-K(.v. 
Stepe Olitor valdd verba opportuna loquutus. 

" The Gardiner oft-times in due season 
Speaks what is true, and solid reason." 

He died at Whitehall of the gout, November the 12th, 1555 ; 
and is buried, by his own appointment, on the north side of the 
choir, over against bishop Fox, in a very fair monument. He 
had done well, if he had paralleled bishop Fox (founder of 
Corpus Christi College in Oxford) in erecting some public work ; 
the rather because he died so rich, being reported to have left 
forty thousand marks in ready money behind him.t 

However, on one account his memory must be commended, 
for improving his power with queen Mary to restore some noble 
families formerly depressed. My author J instanceth in some 
descendants from the duke of Norfolk, in the Stanhopes, and the 
Arundels of Wardour castle. To these give me leave to add, 
the right ancient family of the Hungerfords, to whom he pro 
cured a great part of their patrimony, seized on by the crown, 
to be restored. 


JOHN BALE was born at Coviein this county, five miles from 
Dunwich ; and was brought up in Jesus College in Cambridge 
being before, or after, a Carmelite in Norwich. By the 

* Sir John Harrington, in the Bishops of Winchester. 

t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. viii. num. 88. 

J Sir John Harrington, ut prius. $ In Vita sua, Cent. viii. num. 100. 



means of Thomas lord Wentworth, he was converted to be a 
Protestant. This is that Bale who wrote a book " De Scrip- 
toribus Britannicis," digested into nine centuries, not more be 
holding to Leland, than I have been to Bale in this work, and 
my " Church History." Anno 1552, February the 2nd, he was 
consecrated at Dublin, bishop of Ossory in Ireland, whence, on 
the death of king Edward the Sixth, he was forced to fly (some 
of his servants being slain before his eyes) ; and, in his passage 
over the sea, was taken prisoner by pirates, sold, ransomed, and 
after many dangers safely arrived in Switzerland. 

After the death of queen Mary, he returned into England, but 
never to his Irish bishopric, preferring rather a private life, being 
a prebendary of the church of Canterbury. One may wonder, 
that, being so learned a man, who had done and suffered so 
much for religion, higher promotion was not forced upon him, 
seeing, about the beginning of queen Elizabeth, bishoprics went 
about begging able men to receive them. But probably he was 
a person more learned than discreet, fitter to write than to go 
vern, as unable to command his own passion ; and biliosus Ba- 
laeus passeth for his true character. He died in the sixty-eighth 
year of his age at Canterbury,* (anno Domini 1563, in the 
month of November) ; and was buried in the cathedral church 

JOHN MAY was born in this county,f bred in the university 
of Cambridge, whereof he became proctor 1545 ; elected master 
of Catherine hall 1564, vice-chancellor 1569, and at last con 
secrated bishop of Carlisle Sept. 27, 1577> continuing eleven 
years in that see; and died in April 1598. 

JOHN OVERAL, D.D., born at Hadley in this county, was 
bred in the free-school therein, till sent to St. John s ; then to 
Trinity College in Cambridge, whereof he was fellow, and there 
chosen regius professor, one of the most profound school divines 
of the English nation. Afterwards, by the queen s absolute 
mandate (to end a contention betwixt two co-rivals), not much 
with his will, he was made master of Catherine Hall ; for, when 
archbishop Whitgift joyed him of the place, he returned that it 
was terminus diminuens, taking no delight in his preferment. 
But his Grace told him, " that if the injuries, much more the 
less courtesies of princes must be thankfully taken ;" as the 
ushers to make way for greater, as indeed it came to pass. 
For, after the death of Dr. Nowel, he was (by the especial re 
commendation of Sir Fulke Grevil) made dean of St. Paul s. 
Being appointed to preach before the queen, he professed to 
my father (most intimate with him) " that he had spoken Latin 
so long, it was troublesome to him to speak English in a con- 

* Jac. Warteus, de Scriptoribus Hibernise, lib. ii. p. 136. 
! f Scelletos Cantab, of Parker, MS. 


tinued oration." He frequently had those words of the Psalm 
ist in his mouth, " When thou with rebukes dost correct man 
for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a 
moth : surely every man is vanity ."* 

I cite it the rather out of the new translation (something dif 
ferent from the old) because he was so eminent an instrument 
employed therein. King James made him bishop of Norwich, 
where he was a discreet presser of conformity, on which score 
he got the ill-will of many disaffected thereunto, and died anno 

LEONARD M AWE was born at Rendlesham in this county ;t 
a remarkable place I assure you, which, though now a country 
village^ was anciently the residence of the kings of the East 
Angles ; where king Redwald, a mongrel Christian, kept at the 
same time altare et arulam^ the communion table, and altars 
for idols. 

He was bred in Cambridge ; where he was proctor of the uni 
versity, fellow and master of Peter-house, after of Trinity Col 
lege, whereof he deserved well, shewing what might be done in 
five years by good husbandry to dis-engage that foundation from 
a great debt, 

He was chaplain to king Charles whilst he was a prince, and 
waited on him in Spain, by whom he was preferred bishop of 
Bath and Wells 1628. He had the reputation of a good scho 
lar, a grave preacher, a mild man, and one of gentle deport 
ment. He died anno Domini 1629. 

RALPH BROWNBIGG, D. D., was born at Ipswich, of parents 
of merchantly condition. His father died in his infancy, and 
his mother did not carelessly cast away his youth fas the first 
broachings of a vessel) ; but improved it in his education at 
school, till he was sent to Pembroke Hall in Cambridge, and 
afterwards became scholar and fellow thereof. 

King James, coming to Cambridge, was (amongst others) en 
tertained with a philosophy act; and Mr. Brownrigg was 
appointed to perform the Joco-serious part thereof; who did 
both, to the wonder of the hearers. 

Herein he was like himself, that he could on a sudden be so 
unlike himself, and instantly vary his words and matter from 
mirth to solidity. No man had more ability, or less inclination, 
to be satirical, in which kind posse et nolle is a rarity indeed. 
He had wit at will ; but so that he made it his page, not privy 
councillor, to obey, not direct his judgment. He carried 
learning enough in numerate about him in his pockets for any 


Psalms xxxix. 11. f Scellet. Cant, of Mr. Parker, MS. . 

Since the time of Fuller, this place has given title to a peerage in the family of 
the celebrated John Thellusson, Esq. ; whose extraordinary will has excited so much 
public attention. ED. Beda. 


discourse, and had much more at home in his chests for any 
serious dispute. It is hard to say whether his loyal memory, 
quick fancy, solid judgment, or fluent utterance, were most to 
be admired, having not only flumen but fulmen eloquentice, be 
ing one who did teach with authority. 

When commencing bachelor in divinity, he chose for his text, 
"Vobis autem, &c." (it is given to you, not only to believe 
but suffer in the behalf of Christ*) ; a text somewhat prophet 
ical to him, who in the sequel of his life met with affronts to 
exercise his prudence and patience, being afterwards defied by 
some, who [almost] deified him before in whose eyes he seem 
ed the blacker for wearing white sleeves, when 1641 made 
bishop of Exeter. 

I was present at his consecration sermon, made by his good 
friend Doctor Younge, taking for his text, " The waters are risen, 
O Lord, the waters are risen/ &c. ; wherein he very gravely 
complained of the many invasions which popular violence made 
on the privileges of church and state. This bishop himself 
was soon sadly sensible of such inundations ; and yet, by the 
procerity of his parts and piety, he not only safely waded 
through them himself, but also (when vice chancellor of Cam 
bridge) by his prudence raised such banks, that those overflow 
ings were not so destructive as otherwise they would have been 
to the university. 

He continued constant to the church of England, a champion 
of the needful use of the Liturgy, and for the privileges of or 
dination to belong to bishops alone. Unmoveable he was in 
his principles of loyalty ; witness this instance : 

O, P.,t with some shew of respect unto him, demanded the 
bishop s judgment (non-plus t it seems himself) in some busi 
ness ; to whom he returned, " My lord, the best counsel I can 
give you is, Give unto Caesar the tilings that are Caesar s, and 
unto God the things that are God s ;" with which free answer 
O. P. was rather silenced than satisfied. 

About a year before his death, he was invited by the Society 
of both Temples to be their preacher, admirably supplying that 
place, till strong fits of the stone, with hydropical inclinations, 
and other distempers incident to plethoric bodies, caused his 

I know all accidents are minuted and momented by Divine 
Providence ; and yet, I hope I may say without sin, his was an 
untimely death, not to himself (prepared thereunto), but as to 
his longer life ; which the prayers of pious people requested, 
the need of the church required, the date of nature could have 
permitted, but the pleasure of God (to which all must submit) 
denied. Otherwise he would have been most instrumental to 
the composure of church differences, the deserved opinion of 

Philippians i. 29. t Oliver the Protector. ED. 


whose goodness had peaceable possession in the hearts of th e 
presbyterian party. I observed at his funeral, that the prime 
persons of all persuasions were present, whose judgments going 
several ways met all in a general grief for his decease. He was 
buried on the cost of both Temples, to his great but their 
greater honour. 

The reader is referred for the rest to the memorials of his 
life, written by the learned Doctor John Gauden, who preached 
his funeral sermon, and since hath succeeded him, both in the 
Temple, and bishopric of Exeter. His dissolution happened in 
the 6 7th year of his age, December 7> 1659; and was buried 
the week following in the Temple church. 


Sir NICHOLAS BACON, Knight, was born in this county, not 
far from the famous abbey of St. Edmund s Bury ; and I have 
read that his father was an officer belonging thereunto. His 
name, I assure you, is of an ancient gentry in this shire as any 
whatsoever. He was bred in Bennet College in Cambridge, to 
which afterwards he proved a bountiful benefactor, building a 
beautiful chapel therein. 

He afterwards applied himself to the study of the common 
law : and was made attorney to the court of wards, whence he 
was preferred lord keeper of the great seal in the first of queen 
Elizabeth, 1558. He married Anne, second daughter to Sir 
Anthony Cook, of Giddy-hall in Essex, governor to king Ed 
ward the Sixth. And it is worthy of our observation, how the 
statesmen in that age were arched together in affinity, to no 
small support one to another. 

Sir John Cheek, secretary to king Edward the Sixth, whose 
sister was first wife to Sir William Cecil, secretary to the same 

Sir William Cecil aforesaid, for his second wife, married the 
wife s sister unto this Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord-keeper. 

Sir Francis Walsingham, secretary to queen Elizabeth, had 
a sister married unto Sir Walter Mildmay, chancellor of the Ex 

Sir Francis Walsingham was also brother-in-law unto Sir 
Thomas Randolph, that grand statesman and ambassador. 

To return to Sir Nicholas Bacon. He was condemned by 
some who seemed wise, and commended by them that were so, for 
not causing that statute to be repealed (the queen relying on him 
as her oracle of law), whereby the queen was made illegitimate 
in the days of her father. For this wise statesman would not 
open that wound which time had partly closed,* and would not 
meddle with the variety, yea, contrariety of statutes in this kind, 
whereby people would rather be perplexed than satisfied ; but 

* Camden, in the first of queen Elizabeth. 


derived her right from another statute which allowed her suc 
cession, the rather because lawyers maintain, " that a crown 
once worn cleareth all defects of the wearer thereof." 

He continued in his office about eighteen years, being a man 
of rare wit and deep experience : 

" Cui fuit ingenium subtile in corpore crasso. " 

For he was loaden with a corpulent body, especially in his 
old age, so that he would be not only out of breath, but also 
almost out of life, with going from Westminster hall to the Star- 
chamber; insomuch, when sitting down in his place, it was 
sometime before he could recover himself ; and therefore it was 
usual in that court, that no lawyer should begin~to speak, till 
the lord keeper held up his staff as a signal to him to begin. 

He gave for his motto, " Mediocria Firma ;" and practised the 
former part thereof, mediocria -, never attaining, because never 
affecting, any great estate. He was not for invidious structures, 
(as some of his contemporaries), but delighted in domo domino 
pari ; such as was his house at Gorhambury in Hertfordshire. 
And therefore, when queen Elizabeth, coming thither in pro 
gress, told him, " My lord, your house is too little for you :" 
No, madam/ returned he, no less wittily than gratefully, " but 
it is your highness that hath made me too great for mine house." 
Now as he was a just practiser of the first part of his motto, 
mediocria, so no doubt he will prove a true prophet in the se 
cond part thereofj^rma, having left an estate, rather good than 
great, to his posterity., whose eldest son, Sir Edward Bacon, in 
this county, was the first baronet of England."* He died on the 
20th of February, 1578, and lieth buried in the choir of St. 
Paul s. In a word, he was a good man, a grave statesman, a 
father to his country, and father to Sir FRANCIS BACON. 

Sir WILLIAM DRURY was born in this county, where his 
worshipful family had long flourished, at Hawstead. His name 
in Saxon soundeth a pearl, to which he answered in the pre- 
ciousness of his disposition, clear and hard, innocent and valiant, 
and therefore valued deservedly by his queen and country. 

His youth he spent in the French wars, his middle in Scot 
land, and his old age in Ireland. He was knight marshal of 
Berwick, at what time the French had possessed themselves of 
the castle at Edinburgh, in the minority of king James. Queen 
Elizabeth employed this Sir William, with 1500 men, to be 
siege the castle, which sendee he right worthily performed, re 
ducing it within few days to the true owner thereof. 

Anno 1575 he was appointed lord president of Munster, 
whither he went with competent forces, and executed impar 
tial justice, in despite of the opposers thereof. For as the sign of 

* The lord keeper s eldest son (the first Baronet) was Nicholas. Eu. 


Leo immediately precedeth Virgo and Libra in the Zodiac ; so 
no hope that innocency will be protected, or justice administered, 
in a barbarous country, where power and strength do not first 
secure a passage unto them. But the earl of Desmond op 
posed this good president, forbidding him to enter the county 
of Kerry, as a palatinate peculiarly appropriated unto himself. 

Know by the way, as there were but four palatinates in Eng 
land, Chester, Lancaster, Durham, and Ely (whereof the two 
former, many years since, were in effect invested in the crown) 
there were no fewer than eight palatinates in Ireland, possessed 
by their respective dynasties, claiming regal rights therein, to 
the great retarding of the absolute conquest of that kingdom. 
Amongst these (saith my author) Kerry became the sanctuary 
of sin, and refuge of rebels, as out-lawed from any English 

Sir William, no whit terrified with the earl s threatening, 
entered Kerry, with a competent train, and there dispensed 
justice to all persons, as occasion did require. Thus, with his 
seven score men, he safely forced his return through seven 
hundred of the earl s, who sought to surprise him. In the last 
year of his life, he was made lord deputy of Ireland ; and no 
doubt had performed much in his . place, if not afflicted with 
constant sickness, the forerunner of his death, at Water- 
ford, 1598.* 

Sir ROBERT NAUNTON was born in this county, of right 
ancient extraction ; some avouching that his family were here 
before, others that they came in with the Conqueror, who re 
warded the chief of that name for his service with a great inhe 
ritrix given him in marriage, insomuch that his lands were 
then estimated at (a yast sum in my judgment) seven hundred 
pounds a year.f For a long time they were patrons of Alder- 
ton in this county, where I conceive Sir Robert was born. 

He was bred fellow commoner in Trinity College, and then 
fellow of Trinity Hall, in Cambridge. He was proctor of the 
university, anno Domini 1600-1, which office, according to the 
Old Circle, returned not to that college but once in forty-four 
years. He addicted himself from his youth to such studies as 
did tend to accomplish him for public employment. I con 
ceive his most excellent piece, called " Fragmenta Regalia/ set 
forth since his death, was a fruit of his younger years. 

He was afterwards sworn secretary of state to king James on 
Thursday the eighth of January, 1617; which place he dis 
charged with great ability and dexterity. And I hope it will 
be no offence here to insert a pleasant passage : 

One Mr. Wiemark, a wealthy man, great novellant, and con 
stant Paul s- walker, hearing the news that day of the beheading 

* Camden s Elizabeth, hoc anno. f Weaver s Funeral Monuments, p. 751. 


of Sir Walter Raleigh, " His head," said he, " would do very 
well on the shoulders of Sir Robert Naunton, secretary of 
state." These words were complained of, and Wiemark sum 
moned to the privy council, where he pleaded for himself, " that 
he intended no disrespect to Mr. Secretary, whose known worth 
was above all detraction ; only he spake in reference to an old 
proverb, " Two heads are better than one," And so for the 
present he was dismissed. Not long after, when rich men were 
called on for a contribution to St. Paul s, Wiemark at the coun 
cil-table subscribed a hundred pounds : but Mr. Secretary told 
him two hundred were better than one ; which, betwixt fear 
and charity, Wiemark was fain to subscribe. 

He died anno Domini 1630,* leaving one daughter, Penelope, 
who was first married to Paul viscount Bayning, and after to Philip 
lord Herbert, eldest son to Philip fourth earl of Pembroke. 


JOHN de METINGHAM was born in this county (where Me- 
tingham is a village in Wangford hundred riot far from Bungay) ; 
and was lord chief justice of the Common Pleas in the reign of 
king Edward the Third. It is reported, to his eternal praise, 
that when the rest of the judges (18 Edw. III.) were fined and 
ousted for corruption, this Metingham and Elias de Beckingham 
continued in their places, whose innocence was of proof against 
all accusations ;t and as Caleb and Joshua amongst the jury of 
false spies, J so these two amongst the twelve judges only 
retained their integrity. 

King Edward, in the 20th of his reign, directed a writ unto 
him about the stinting of the number of the apprentices and 
attorneys at law, well worth the inserting : 

" Dominus Eex injunxit Johanni de Metingham et sociis 
suis, quod ipsi per discretionem eorum provideant et ordinent 
numerum certum e quolibet comitatu de melioribus et legaliori- 
bus et libentius addiscentibus, secundum quod intellexerint, 
quod curise suse et populo de regno melius valere poterit, &c. 
Et videtur regi et ejus concilio quod septies viginti sum" cere 
poterint. Apponant tamen prsefati justiciarii plures, si viderint 
esse faciendum, vel numerum anticipent."|| 

(" The lord the king hath enjoined John de Metingham and 
his assistants, that they, according to their discretion, provide 
and ordain a certain number out of every county of such persons 
which, according to their understanding, shall appear unto them 
of the better sort, and most legal, and most willingly applying 
themselves to the learning of the law, what may better avail for 

He was buried in the church of Letheringham in this county ; which, being 
private property, and out of ecclesiastical jurisdiction, was wholly demolished in the 
year 1789. 

f Spelman s Glossary, verbo Justiciarius. J Numbers xiii. 6, 8. 

Edward. || Rot. v. in dorso, de Apprentices et Attornatis. 


their court and the good of the people of the land, &c. And it 
seems likely, to the king and his counsel, that seven-score may 
suffice for that purpose. However, the aforesaid justices may 
add more if they see ought to be done, or else they may lessen 
the number.") 

Some conceive this number of seven-score confined only to 
the Common Pleas, whereof Metingham was chief justice. But 
others behold it as extended to the whole land, this judge s 
known integrity being entrusted in their choice and number ; 
which number is since much increased, and no wonder, our land 
being grown more populous, and the people in it more litigious. 
He died anno Domini 1301. 

Sir JOHN CAVENDISH, Knight, was born at Cavendish in 
this county (where his name continued until the reign of king 
Henry the Eighth) ; bred a student of the municipal law, at 
taining to such learning therein, that he was made lord chief 
justice of the King s (or Upper) Bench, July 15, in the 46th of 
king Edward the Third ; discharging his place with due com 
mendation, until his violent death, on the fifth of king Richard 
the Second, on this occasion : 

John Raw, a priest, contemporary with Jack Straw and Wat 
Tyler, advanced Robert Westbroome, a clown, to be king of the 
commons in this county, having no fewer than fifty thousand 
followers. These, for eight days together, in savage sport, 
caused the heads of great persons to be cut off, and set on poles 
to kiss and whisper in one another s ears.* 

Chief justice Cavendish chanced then to be in the country, 
to whom they bare a double pique ; one, because he was honest, 
the other learned. Besides, they received fresh news from 
London, that one John Cavendish, his kinsman, had lately 
killed their idol, Wat Tyler, in Smithfield. Whereupon they 
dragged the reverend judge, with Sir John of Cambridge, prior 
of Bury, into the market-place there, and beheaded them ;t 
whose innocent blood remained not long unrevenged by Spen 
cer the warlike bishop of Norwich, by whom this rascal rabble 
of rebels was routed and ruined, 1381. 

Reader, be charitably pleased that this note may (till better 
information) preserve the right of this county unto Sir ROBERT 
BROKE, a great lawyer, and lord chief justice of the Common 
Pleas in the reign of queen Mary. He wrote an Abridgment of 
the whole Law, a book of high account. It insinuateth to me 
a probability of his birth herein, because (lawyers generally 
purchase near the place of their birth) his posterity still flourish 
in a worshipful equipage at Nacton, nigh Ipswich, in this 

* Speed s Chronicle, in Richard the Second, p. 608. 
t Lib. Eliens. MS. in Bibl. Cotton. 




Sir THOMAS WNTWORTH, of Nettlestead in this county, of 
a younger family (confessed by the crescent in his coat), de 
scended from the Wentworths of Wentworth Woodhouse in 
Yorkshire, was created Baron Wentworth by king Henry the 
Eighth. He was a stout and valiant gentleman, a cordial pro- 
testant, and his family a sanctuary of such professors ; J ohn 
Bale* comparing him to the good centurion in the Gospel, and 
gratefully acknowledging him the cause of his conversion from 
a Carmelite. 

The memory of this good lord is much (but unjustly) ble 
mished, because Calais was lost, the last of queen Mary, under 
his government. The manner hereof was huddled up in our 
chronicles (least is best of a bad business), whereof this the 
effect. The English being secure by reason of the late con 
quest at St. Quintin, and the duke of Guise having notice 
thereof, he sat down before the town at the time (not " when 
kings go forth"f to but return from battle) of mid-\vfnter, even 
on New-year s Day. Next day he took the two forts of Rise- 
bank and Newnham-bridge (wherein the strength of the city 
consisted) ; but whether they were undermined or undermonied 
it is not decided, and the last left most suspicious. Within 
three days the castle of Calais, which commanded the city, and 
was under the command of Sir Ralph Chamberlain, was taken. 
The French, wading through the ditches (made shallower by 
their artificial cut) and then entering the town, were repulsed 
back by Sir Anthony Ager, marshal of Calais, the only man, 
saith Stow,t who was killed in the fight (understand him of 
note) ; others, for the credit of the business, accounting four 
score lost in that service. 

The French re-entering the city the next being Twelfth-day, 
the lord Wentworth, deputy thereof, made but vain resistance, 
which, alas ! was like the wriggling of a worm s tail after the 
head thereof is cut off; so that he was forced to take what terms 
he could get; viz. that the townsmen should depart (though 
plundered to a groat) with their lives ; and himself with forty- 
nine more, such as the duke of Guise should choose, should 
remain prisoners, to be put to ransom. 

This was the best news brought to Paris, and worst to Lon 
don, for many years before. It not only abated the queen s 
cheer for the remnant of Christmas, but her mirth all the days 
of her life. Yet might she thank herself for losing this key of 
France, because hanging it by her side with so slender a string, 
there being but five hundred soldiers effectually in the garrison, 
too few to manage such a piece of importance. 

The lord Wentworth, the second of June following, w r as 

De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. viii. num. 100. 

f 2 Samuel xi. i. J Chronicle, p. 632. $ Speed s History, p. 856. 


solemnly condemned for treason, though unheard, as absent in 
France; which was not only against Christian charity, but 
Roman justice; Festus confessing it was not fashionable 
amongst them, " to deliver any man to die, before he which is 
accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to 
answer for himself concerning the crime laid against him." * 

_ It was well for this lord that he was detained in France till 
his ransom was paid, and queen Mary dead, who otherwise pro 
bably had lost his life, if he had had his liberty. But queen 
Elizabeth coming to the crown, he found the favour, or rather 
had the justice, to be tried again ; and was acquitted by his 
peers, f finding it no treachery, cowardice, or carelessness in 
him, but in Sir John Harlston and Sir Ralph Chamberlain, 
the one governor of Rise-bank, the other of Calais castle, for 
which they were both condemned to die, though their judgment 
was remitted. This lord was the only person I have read of, 
who thus in a manner played rubbers when his head lay at stake ; 
and having lost the fore recovered the after-game. He died, a 
very aged man, 1590. 


THOMAS CAVENDISH, of Trimleyt i n tn i county, Esquire, in 
pursuance of his generous inclination to make foreign discove 
ries for the use and honour of his nation, on his own cost vic 
tualled and furnished three ships (the least of fleets) as followeth : 
1. The Desire, admiral, of 120 tons: 2. The Content, vice- 
admiral, of 40 tons : 3. The Hugh-Gallant, rear-admiral, of 40 
tons; all three managed by 123 persons, with which he set sail 
from Plymouth the 21st of July, 1586. 

So prosperous their winds, that by the 26th of August they 
had gone nine hundred and thirty leagues to the south of Africa. 
Then bending their course south-west, January the 7th, they 
entered the mouth of the Magellan Straits ; straits indeed, not 
only for the narrow passage, but many miseries of hunger and 
cold, which mariners must encounter therein. Here Mr. Caven 
dish named a town Port-famine ; and may never distressed 
seamen be necessitated to land there ! It seems the Spaniards 
had a design so to fortify these straits in places of advantage, as 
to engross the passage, that none save themselves should enter 
the southern sea. But God, the promoter of the public good, 
destroyed their intended monopoly, sending such a mortality 
amongst their men, that scarce five of five hundred did survive. 

On the 24th of February they entered the South Sea, and fre 
quently landed as they saw occasion. Many their conflicts 
with the natives, more with the Spaniards ; coming off gainers 
in most, and savers in all encounters, that alone at Quintero 

* Acts xxv. 16. -f Camden s Elizabeth, anno 1559. 

J The substance of what followeth is taken out of Mr. Hackluit s Voyages, the 
last part, p. 803 F. 

N 2 


excepted, April 1,1587, when they lost twelve men of good account, 
which was the cause that the June following they purposely 
sunk the rear-admiral, for want of men to manage her. 

Amongst the many prizes he took in his passage, the ot. 
Anne was the most considerable, being the Spanish admiral 
the southern sea, of seven hundred tons. However our I 
dish boarded her with his little ship (a chicken of the game wi 
adventure on a greater fowl, and leap where he cannot reach), 
and mastered her, though an hundred and ninety persons therein 
There were in the ship an hundred and two and twenty thousand 
pezos* (each worth eight shillings) of gold; the rest of the 
lading being silks, satins, musks, and other rich commodities. 
Mr. Cavendish s mercy after, equalled his valour in the light, 
landing the Spaniards on the shore, and leaving them plenti 

^Surrounding the East Indies, and returning for England, the 
ship called The Content did not answer her name, whose mei 
took all occasions to be mutinous, and stayed behind in a road 
with Stephen Hare their master ; and Mr. Cavendish saw her 
not after. But he, who went forth with a fleet, came home wit 
a ship, and safely landed in Plymouth, Sept. 9, 1588. Amongst 
his men, three most remarkable ; Mr. John Way their preacher ; 
Mr. Thomas Fuller, of Ipswich, their pilot ; and Mr. Francis 
Pretty, of Eyke in this county, who wrote the whole history < 

their voyage. . , . 

Thus having circumnavigated the whole earth, let his ship nc 
longer be termed The Desire, but The Performance. 
was the third man, and second Englishman, of such umvers; 

undertakings. , 

Not so successful his next and last voyage, begun the 
of August, 1591, when he set sail with a fleet from Plymouth, 
and coming in the Magellan Straits, near a place by him formerly 
named Port-Desire, he was, the November following, casually 
severed from his company, not seen or heard of afterward. 
Pity so illustrious a life should have so obscure a death, 
all things must be as being itself will have them to be. 


WILLIAM BUTLER was born at Ipswich in this county, 
where he had one only brother, who, going beyond sea, turned 
Papist for which cause this William was so offended with m, 
that he left him none of his estate.f I observe this the rather, 
because this William Butler was causelessly suspected lor popish 
inclinations. He was bred fellow of Clare Hall in Cambridge 
where he became the ^Esculapius of our age. He was I st 

Englishman who quickened Galenical physic with a 

* In English money, 48,000 pounds 

f So I am informed by Mrs. Crane in Cambridge, to whose husband he left 

estate F. 


Paracelsus, trading in chemical receipts with great success. His 
eye was excellent at the instant discovery of a cadaverous face, 
on which he would not lavish any art. This made him, at the 
first sight of sick prince Henry, to get himself out of sight. 
Knowing himself to be the prince of physicians, he would be 
observed accordingly. Compliments would prevail nothing 
with him, entreaties but little, surly threateriings would do much, 
and a witty jeer do anything. He was better pleased with pre 
sents than money, loved what was pretty rather than what was 
costly ; and preferred rarities before riches. Neatness he neg 
lected into slovenliness ; and accounting cuffs to be manacles, 
he may be said not to have made himself ready for some seven 
years together. He made his humorsomeness to become him, 
wherein some of his profession have rather aped than imitated 
him, who had morositatem cequabiJem, and kept the tenor of the 
same surliness to all persons. He was a good benefactor to 
Clare Hall; and dying 1621, he was buried in the chancel of 
St. Mary s in Cambridge, under a fair monument. Mr. John 
Crane, that expert apothecary and his executor, is since buried 
by him ; and if some eminent surgeon was interred on his other 
side, I would say, that physic lay here in state, with its two 
pages attending it. 


HUMPHREY NECTON was born (though Necton be in Nor 
folk) in this county;* and, quitting a fair fortune from his 
father, professed poverty, and became a Carmelite in Norwich. 

Two Jirstships met in this man, for he hanselled the house- 
convent, which Philip Warin of Cowgate, a prime citizen, (and 
almost I could believe him mayor of the city), did, after the 
death of his wife, in a fit of sorrow give with his whole estate to 
the Carmelites. 

Secondly, he was the first Carmelite, who in Cambridge took 
the degree of doctor in divinity ; for some boggled much thereat, 
as false heraldry in devotion, to superinduce a doctoral hood 
over a friar s cowl, till our Necton adventured on it. For, 
though poverty might not affect pride, yet humility may admit 
of honour. He flourished, under king Henry the Third and 
Edward the First, at Norwich ; and was buried with great 
solemnity by those of his order, anno Domini 1303. 

JOHN HORMIXGER was born of good parents in this county,t 
and became very accomplished in learning. It happened that, 
travelling to Rome, he came into the company of Italians (the 
admirers only of themselves, and the slighters-general of all 
other nations), vilifying England, as an inconsiderable country, 
whose ground was as barren as the people barbarous. Our 

k Bale, Cent. iv. num. 24. 

t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis ; and Pits, ^Etat. 14, num. 450. 


Horminger, impatient to hear his mother-land traduced, spake 
in her defence, and fluently epitomized the commodities thereof. 
Returning home, he wrote a book " De Divitiis et Deliciis 
Anglise," (of the Profit and Pleasure of England ;) which, had 
it come to my hand, O how advantageous had it been to my 
present design ! He flourished 1310. 

THOMAS of ELY was born in this county; for, though Cam 
bridgeshire boasteth of Ely (so famous for the cathedral), yet 
is there Monks-Ely in Suffolk, the native town of this Thomas, 
who followed the footsteps of his countryman Necton, being a 
Carmelite (but in Ipswich) ; and afterwards doctor in the uni 
versity of Cambridge, saith my author,* of both divinities. 

But the same hand which tieth untieth this knot, giving us 
to understand that thereby are meant scholastical and interpre 
tative divinity, seeming to import them in that age to have been 
distinct faculties ; till afterwards united, as the civil and com 
mon law, in one profession. 

Leaving his native land, he travelled over the seas, with others 
of his order, to Bruges in Flanders, and there kept lectures and 
disputations, as one Gobelike (a formidable author) informeth 
my informer,t till his death, about 1320. 

RICHARD LANHAM was born at a market town well known 
for clothing in this county, and bred (when young) a Carmelite 
in Ipswich. He made it his only request to the Prefect of his 
convent, to have leave to study in Oxford ; which was granted 
him, and deservedly, employing his time so well there, that he 
proceeded doctor with public applause. Leland s pencil paints 
him pious and learned ; but Bale cometh with his sponge, and 
in effect deletes both, because of his great antipathy to the 
Wickliffites. However his learning is beyond contradiction, 
attested by the books he left to posterity. Much difference 
about the manner and place of his death ; some making him 
to decease in his bed at Bristol, J others to be beheaded in Lon 
don (with Sudbury archbishop of Canterbury, and Hales mas 
ter of St. John s of Jerusalem) by the rebellious crew of Wat 
Tyler, who being a misogrammatist (if a good Greek word may 
be given to so barbarous a rebel) hated every man that could 
write or read, and was the more incensed against Lanham for 
his eminent literature. He died anno Domini 1381. 

JOHN KINYNGHAM was born in this county ; bred a Car 
melite, first in Ipswich, then in Oxford, being the 25th Prefect 
of his Order in England and Ireland, and confessor to John of 
Gaunt and his lady. He was the first who encountered Wickliffe 
in the schools at Oxford, disputing of philosophical subtilties, and 

* Bale, Cent. iv. num. 65. f Bale, ut prius. \ Polydore Vergil. 

Bale, Cent. vi. num. 4. 



that with so much ingenuity, that Wickliffe, much taken with 
the man s modesty, prayed heartily for him that his judgment 
might be convinced.* But whether with so good success where 
with Peter Martyr besought God on the same account for Ber 
nard Gilpin,f Iknow not. He died a very aged man, anno 
1399, and was buried at York; far, I confess, from Ipswich, 
his first fixation. But it was usual for Prefects of Orders to tra 
vel much in their visitations. 

JOHN LYDGATE was born in this county! at a village so 
called, bred a Benedictine monk in St. Edmund s Bury. After 
some time spent in our English universities, he travelled over 
France and Italy, improving his time to his great accomplish 
ment. Returning, he became tutor to many noblemen s sons ; 
and, both in prose and poetry, was the best author of his age. 
If Chaucer s coin were of a greater weight for deeper learning, 
Lydgate s was of a more refined standard for purer language ; 
so that one might mistake him for a modern writer. But, 
because none can so well describe him as himself, take an essay 
of his verses, excusing himself for deviating in his writings from 
his vocation. 

" I am a monk by my profession, 
In Berry, call d John Lydgate by my name, 

And wear a habit of perfection, 
(Although my life agrees not with the same) 

That meddle should with things spiritual, 

As I must needs confess unto you all, 
But, seeing that I did herein proceed 

At his command || whom I could not refuse, 
I humbly do beseech all those that read, 

Or leisure have this story to peruse, 
If any fault therein they find to be, 
Or error, that committed is by me ; 
That they will of their gentleness take pain, 
The rather to correct and mend the same, 
Than rashly to condemn it with disdain ; 
For well I wot it is not without blame, 

Because I know the verse therein is wrong, 

As being some too short and some too long. 
For Chaucer, that my master was, and knew 
What did belong to writing verse and prose, 
Ne er stumbled at small faults, nor yet did view 
With scornful eye the works and books of those 

That in his time did write : nor yet would taunt 

At any man, to fear him or to daunt." 

He lived to be 60 years of age ; and died about the year 1444? 
and was buried in his own convent with this epitaph : 

Mortuus scedo, superis supersles, 
Hicjacet Lydgate tumulatus urnd, 
Quifuit quondam Celebris Britannia 
Famd poesis. 

* Bale, Cent, vi. num. 4. f See the Life of Bernard Gilpin. 

Camden s Britannia, in Suffolk. 

History of the Life and Death of Hector, p. 316 and 317. 

II King Henry IV. 



" Dead in this world, living above the sky, 
Intombed within this urn doth Lydgate lie, 
In former time famed for his poetry 
All over England." 

As for the numerous and various books which he wrote of seve 
ral subjects, Bale presenteth us with their perfect catalogue.* 

JOHN BARNYNGHAM, born at a village so named in this 
county, t was bred a Carmelite in Ipswich ; and afterwards pro 
ceeded doctor in Oxford : thence going to Sorbon (the cock-pit 
of controversies) was there admitted to the same degree. 

Trithemius takes notice of his parts and perfections, allowing 
him " festivum ingenium et ad quodcunque deflexum," having a 
subtile and supple wit, so that he could be what he would be, a 
great master of defence in the schools, both to guard and hit. 
Bale saith, he saw his works in Cambridge, fairly written in four 
great volumes. Weary with his long race beyond the seas, he 
returned at last to the place whence he started; and, retiring to 
his convent, whereof he was ruler, at Ipswich, died there 
January 22, 1448. 

JOHN of BURY was an Augustinian in Clare, doctor of di 
vinity in Cambridge, Provincial of his order through England 
and Ireland ; no mean scholar, and a great opposer of Reginald 
Peakock and all other Wickliffites. He nourished anno 1460. 

THOMAS SCROOPE was born at Bradley in this county J (but 
extracted from the Lord Scroope in Yorkshire) ; who rolled 
through many professions: 1. He was a Benedictine, but found 
that order too loose for his conscience. 2. A Carmelite of 
Norwich, as a stricter profession. 3. An anchorite (the dungeon 
of the prison of Carmelitism), wherein he lived twenty years. 
4. Dispensed with by the Pope, he became bishop of Dro- 
more in Ireland. 5. Quitting his bishopric, he returned to his 
solitary life ; yet so, that once a week he used to walk on his 
bare feet, and preach the Decalogue in the villages round about. 

He lived to be extremely aged ; for, about the year 1425, 
clothed in sackcloth and girt with an iron chain, he used to cry 
out in the streets, " That new Jerusalem, the bride of the 
Lamb, was shortly to come down from heaven, prepared for 
her spouse, Revel, xxi. ; and that with great joy he saw the 
same in the Spirit." 

Thomas Waldensis, the great anti-Wickliffite, was much of 
fended thereat ; protesting it was a scandal and disgrace to the 
church. However, our Scroope long out-lived him, and died 

De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent, viii, num. 7. 
t Bale, De Cent. viii. num. 11. 

t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britaimicis, Cent. viii. num. 53. ; and Pits, de Scripto 
ribus Angliai, p. 681, anno 1491. 


aged well nigh 100 years, " non sine sanctitatis opinione," say 
both Bale and Pits ; and it is a wonder they meet in the same 
opinion. He was buried at Lowestoffe in this county, anno 


RICHARD SIBS was born in the edge of this county (yet so 
that Essex seemeth to have no share in him) nigh Sudbury, and 
was bred a fellow of St. John s College in Cambridge. He 
proved afterwards a most profitable preacher to the Honourable 
Society of Grays-Inn, whence he was chosen master of St. Katha 
rine Hall in Cambridge. He found the house in a mean condition, 
the wheel of St. Katharine having stood still (not to say gone 
backwards) for some years together : he left it replenished with 
scholars, beautified with buildings, better endowed with reve 
nues. He was most eminent for that grace, which is most 
worth, yet cost the least to keep it, viz. Christian humility. Of 
all points of divinity he most frequently pressed that of Christ s 
Incarnation ; and if the angels desired to pry into that mystery, 
no wonder if this angelical man had a longing to look therein. 
A learned divine imputed this good doctor s great humility to 
his much meditating on that point of Christ s humiliation, when 
he took our flesh upon him. If it be true what some hold in 
physic, that " Omne par nutrit suum par," (that the vitals of our 
body are most strengthened by feeding on such meat as are 
likest unto them;) I see no absurdity to maintain that men s 
souls improve most in those graces whereon they have most 
constant meditation, whereof this -worthy doctor was an eminent 
instance. He died in the 58th year of his age, anno Domini 

WILLIAM ALABLASTER was born at Hadley in this county ; 
and by marriage was nephew to Doctor John Still, bishop of 
Bath and Wells. He was bred fellow in Trinity College in 
Cambridge, a most rare poet as any our age or nation hath 
produced ; witness his tragedy of " Roxana," admirably acted 
in that college, and so pathetically, that a gentlewoman present 
thereat (Reader, I had it from an author whose credit it is sin 
with me to suspect), at the hearing of the last words thereof, se- 
quar, sequar, so hideously pronounced, fell distracted, and never 
after fully recovered her senses. 

He attended chaplain in the Calais-voyage on Robert earl of 
Essex, where he was so affected with the beauty of Popish 
churches, and the venerable respect the Papists gave to their 
priests, that he staggered in his own religion. There wanted 
not those of the Romish party to force his fall, whom they found 
reeling ; working on his ambition, who complained of the slow 
ness of preferment in England, which followed not so fast as in 


due time to overtake his deserts ; so that soon after he turned a 

Yet it was not long before he was out of love with that per 
suasion ; so that, whether because he could not comport with 
their discipline, who would have made him (who conceived him 
self at the top) begin again (according to their course) at the 
bottom of human learning ; or because (which I rather charita 
bly believe) that upon second thoughts he seriously disgusted 
the Romish superstition, he returned into his own country. 

It was not long before he was made prebendary of St. Paul s, 
and rector of the rich parsonage of Tharfield in Hertfordshire. 
He was an excellent Hebrician, and, well skilled in cabalistical 
learning ; witness his Clerum in Cambridge, when he commenc 
ed doctor in divinity, taking for his text the first words of the 
first book of Chronicles, " Adam, Seth, Enos." 

Besides the literal sense, as they are proper names of the Pa 
triarchs, he mined for a mystical meaning : man is put or placed 
for pain and trouble. 

How well this agreeth with the original belongs not to me to 
inquire. This I know, it had been hard (if not impossible) for 
him to hold on the same rate, and reduce the proper names in 
the genealogies following to such an appellativeness as should 
compose a continued sense. He died anno Domini 163 .. 

SAMUEL WARD was born at Haveril in this county, where 
his father had long been a painful minister of the place ; and 1 
remember I have read this epitaph written on his monument in 
the chancel there, which I will endeavour to translate : 

Quo si quis scivit scilius, 
Aut si quis docuit doctius ; 
At rarus vixit sanctius, 
Et nullus tonuitfortius. 

" Grant some of knowledge greater store, 

More learned some in teaching ; 
Yet few in life did lighten more, 

None thundered more in preaching." 

He bred his son Samuel, in Cambridge, in Sidney College, 
whereof he became fellow, being an excellent artist, linguist, 
divine, and preacher. He had a sanctified fancy, dexterous in de 
signing expressive pictures, representing much matter in a little 

From Cambridge he was preferred minister in or rather of 
Ipswich, having a care over, and a love from, all the parishes in 
that populous place. Indeed he had a magnific virtue (as if he 
had learned it from the load-stone, in whose qualities he was so 
knowing) to attract people s affections. Yet found he foes as 
well as friends, who complained of him to the high commission, 
where he met with some molestation. 

He had three brethren ministers, on the same token that 


some have said, that these four put together would not make up 
the abilities of their father. Nor were they themselves offended 
with this hyperbole, to have the branches lessened, to greaten 
their root. One of them, lately dead, was beneficed in Essex ; 
and, following the counsel of the poet, 

Ridentem dicere verum, 
Quis vetat ? 

" What doth forbid but one may smile, 
And also tell the truth the while ?" 

hath in a jesting way, in some of his books, delivered much 
smart truth of the present times. Mr. Samuel died 163 .. 

JOHN BOISE, born at Elmeseth in this county, being son of 
the minister thereof. He was bred first in Hadley-school, then 
in St. John s College in Cambridge, and was deservedly chosen 
fellow thereof. Here he (as a volunteer) read in his bed a 
Greek lecture to such young scholars who preferred Antelucana 
studia before their own ease arid rest.* He was afterwards of 
that quorum in the translating of the Bible ; and whilst St. 
Chrysostom lives, Mr. Boise shall not die ; such his learned 
pains on him in the edition of Sir Henry Savil. Being parson 
of Boxworth in Cambridgeshire, and prebendary of Ely, he 
made a quiet end about the beginning of our warlike disturb 


EGBERT SOUTHWEL was born in this county, as Pitseus af- 
firmeth, who, although often mistaken in his locality, may be 
believed herein, as professing himself familiarly acquainted with 
him at Rome. But the matter is not much where he was born ; 
seeing, though cried up by men of his own profession for his 
many books in verse and prose, he was reputed a dangerous 
enemy by the state, for which -he was imprisoned, and executed, 
March the 3rd, 1595. 


ELIZABETH, third daughter of Gilbert earl of Clare,f and 
wife to John Burgh earl of Ulster in Ireland, I dare not say 
born at, but surely had her greatest honour from, Clare in this 
county, Blame me not, reader, if I be covetous on any ac 
count to recover the mention of her memory, who, anno 1343, 
founded Clare Hall in Cambridge, since augmented by many 

Sir SIMON EYRE, son of John Eyre, was born at Brandon in 
this county ; bred in London, first an upholsterer, then a draper ; 
in which profession he profited, that he was chosen lord mayor 

* Thomas Gataker one of them. See the narrative at the end of bis funeral 

Sermon F. 

f Vincent, in his Corrections of Brookes Errors. 


of the City, 1445. On his own cost he built Leaden-hall (for 
a common garner of corn to the city) of squared stone in form 
as it now sheweth, with a fair chapel in the east side of the 
quadrant; over the porch of which he caused to be written, 
" Dextra Domini exaltavit me," (the Lord s right hand hath 
exalted me.)* He is elsewhere styled " Honorandus etfamosus 
Mercator." He left five thousand marks, a prodigious sum in 
that age, to charitable uses ; so that, if my sight mistake not 
(as I am confident it doth not), his bounty, like Saul, stands 
higher than any others from the -shoulders upwards. f He de 
parted this life the 18th of September, anno Domini 1459 ; and 
is buried in the church of St. Mary Woolnoth, in Lombard 
Street, London. 

THOMAS SPRING, commonly called " the Rich Clothier," was 
(I believe) born, I am sure lived and waxed wealthy, at Laneham 
in this county. He built the carved Chapel of Wainscot in the 
north side of the chancel, as also the chapel at the south side of 
the church. f This Thomas Spring, senior, died anno 1510, 
and lieth buried under a monument in the chapel of his own 


WILLIAM COPPINGER, born at Bucks-hall in this county, 
where his family flourisheth at this day in a good esteem. He 
was bred a fishmonger in London, so prospering in his profes 
sion, that he became lord mayor anno 1512. He gave the 
half of his estate (which was very great) to pious uses, and re 
lieving the poor. 

His bounty mindeth me of the words of Zaccheeus to our Sa 
viour : " Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor ; 
and if I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, 
I restore him fourfold." || 

Demand not of me whether our Coppinger made such plen 
tiful restitution, being confident there was no cause thereof, 
seeing he never was one of the publicans, persons universally 
infamous for extortion : otherwise I confess, that that charity, 
which is not bottomed on justice, is but built on a foundered 
foundation. I am sorry to see this gentleman s arms, (the epide 
mical disease of that age) substracted (in point of honour) by 
the addition of a superfluous border. 

[S.N.] Sir WILLIAM CORDAL, Knight. Wherever he was 
born, he had a fair estate at Long-Melford in this county, and 
lieth buried in that fair church under a decent monument. 
We will translate his epitaph, which will perfectly acquaint us 

* Stow s Survey of London, p. 163. f 1 Samuel x. 23. 

I Weeyer s Funeral Monuments, p. 767. 

Stow s Survey of London, anno 1512. || Luke xix. 8. 


with the great offices he had, and good offices he did to pos 
terity : 

Hie Gulielmus habet requiem Cordelias, avito 

Stemmate qui clarus, clarior ingenio. 
Hie studiis primos consumpsit forliter annos, 

Mox et causarum strenuus actor erat. 
Tanta illi doctrina inerat,facundia tanta, 

Ut Parla menti publica Lingua foret. 
Postea factus Eques, Regince arcana Maries 

Consilia, et patrice grande subibat opus : 
Factusetest Gustos Rotulorum. Urgente senectti 

In Christo moriens cepil ad astra viam. 
Pauperibus largus, victum vestemque ministrans, 

Insuper Hospitii condidit ille domum. 

" Here William Cordal doth in rest remain, 
Great by his birth, but greater by his brain. 
Plying his studies hard, his youth throughout, 
Of causes he became a pleader stout. 
His learning deep such eloquence did vent, 
He was chose Speaker of the Parliament 
Afterwards Knight queen Mary did him make, 
And counsellor, state-work to undertake ; 
And Master of the Rolls. Well worn with age, 
Dying in Christ, heaven was his utmost stage. 
Diet and clothes to poor he gave at large, 
And a fair Almshouse * founded on his charge." 

He was made Master of the Rolls, November 5th, the fifth of 
queen Mary, continuing therein till the day of his death, the 
23rd of queen Elizabeth.f 

Sir ROBERT HICHAM, Knight, and Serjeant-at-law, was born 
(if not at) near Nacton in this county, and was very skilful in 
our common law. By his practice he got a great estate, and 
purchased the fair manor of Framlingham of the earl of Suffolk. 
Herein he met with many difficulties (knots which would have 
made another man s axe turn edge to hew them off) ; so that, had 
he not been one of a sharp wit, strong brains, powerful friends, 
plentiful purse, and indefatigable diligence, he had never cleared 
the title thereof to him and his heirs. 

I am willing to believe that gratitude to God (who gave him 
to wade through so many incumbrances, and land safely at last 
on the peaceable possession of his purchase) was the main 
motive inclining him to leave a great part of his estate to pious 
uses, and principally to Pembroke , Hall in Cambridge, 
departed this life a little before the beginning of our civil wars. 


JOHN CAVENDISH, Esquire, was born at Cavendish in this 
county ; bred at court, a servant in ordinary attendance on king 
Richard the Second, when Wat Tyler played Rex in Lond 

* At Melford aforesaid. 

\ J. Philpot, in his Catalogue of the Masters of the Rolls. 


It happened that Wat Tyler was woundly angry with Sir John 
Newton, knight, (sword-bearer to the king then in presence) for 
devouring his distance, and not making his approaches man 
nerly enough unto him. Oh, the pride of a self-promoting 
peasant ! Much bustling arising thereabout, Sir William Wai- 
worth, lord mayor of London, arrested Wat, and with his dagger 
wounded him ; and, being well stricken in years, wanted not 
valour, but vigour, to dispatch him. He is seconded by John 
Cavendish standing by, who twice or thrice wounded him mor 
tally; my author* complaining, "that his death was too worthy, 
from the hands of honourable persons, for whom the axe of the 
hangman, had been too good." I would have said, " the halter 
of the hangman." But it matters not by whom a traitor be 
killed, so he be killed. 

Hereupon the arms of London were augmented with a dag 
ger ; and, to divide the honour equally betwixt them, if the 
haft belonged to Walworth, the blade, or point thereof at least, 
may be adjudged to Cavendish. Let me add, that king Richard 
himself shewed much wisdom and courage in managing this 
matter ; so that in our chronicles he appeareth wiser youth than 
man ; as if he had spent all the stock of his discretion in ap 
peasing this tumult, which happened anno Domini 1381. 

Sir THOMAS COOK, Knight. Sir WM. CAPELL, Knight. 

I present these pair of knights in parallels, because I find 
many considerable occurrences betwixt them in the course of 
their lives : 

1. Both were natives of this county, born not far asunder; 
Sir Thomas at Lavenham, Sir William at Stoke-Neyland. 

2. Both were bred in London, free of the same company of 
Drapers, and were lord mayors of the city. 

3. Both, by God s blessing on their industry, attained great 
estates, and were royal merchants indeed. The later is reported 
by tradition (since by continuance consolidated into historical 
truth) that, after a large entertainment made for king Henry 
the Seventh, he concluded all with a fire, wherein he burnt many 
bonds, in which the king (a borrower in the beginning of his 
reign) stood obliged unto him (a sweet perfume, no doubt, to so 
thrifty a prince) ; not to speak of his expensive frolic, when at 
another time he drank a dissolved pearl (which cost him many 
hundreds) in a health to the king. 

4. Both met with many molestations. Sir Thomas, being 
arraigned for lending money (in the reign of king Edward the 
Fourth), hardly escaped with his life (thank a good God, a just 
judge, t and a stout jury) : though grievously fined, and long 
imprisoned. As for Sir William, Empson and Dudley fell with 

Speed, in his Chronicle, p. 607. 

See Judge Markham s Life in Nottinghamshire F. 


their bodies so heavy upon him, that they squeezed many thou 
sand pounds out of his into the king s coffers. 

5. Both died peaceably in age and honour, leaving great es 
tates to their posterities ; the Cooks flourishing lately at Giddy 
Hall in Essex, in a worshipful, as the Capels at Hadham in 
Hertfordshire now in an honourable, condition. 

Nor must it be forgotten, that Elizabeth, daughter to Sir 
William Capel, was married to William Powlet marquis of 
Winchester; and Mildred, descended from Sir Thomas Cook, 
to William Cecil lord Burleigh ; both their husbands being 
successively lord treasurers of England for above fifty years. 

Sir Thomas Cook lieth buried in the church of Augustine 
Friars, London. Sir William Capel in the south side of the 
parish church of St. Bartholomew s (in a chapel of his own ad 
dition) behind the Exchange, though the certain date of their 
deaths do not appear. 


1. John Michel, son of John Michel of Ekelingham, Stock- 

Fishmonger, 1422. 

2. Henry Barton, son of Henry Barton, of Myldenhal, Skin 

ner, 1428. 

3. Roger Oteley, son of Will. Oteley, of Ufford, Grocer, 1434. 

4. John Paddesley, son of Simon Paddesley, of Bury St. Ed 

munds, Goldsmith, 1440. 

5. Simon Eyre, son of John Eyre, of Brandon, Draper, 1445. 
G. William Gregory, son of Roger Gregory, of Myldenhal, 

Skinner, 1451. 

7. Thomas Cook, son of Robert Cook, of Lavenham, Draper, 


8. Richard Gardiner, son of John Gardiner, of Exning, Mercer, 


9. William Capel, son of John Capel, of Stoke-Neyland, 

Draper, 1503. 

10. Wm. Coppinger, son of Walter Coppinger, of Buckshal, 

Fish-monger, 1512. 

11. John Milborn, son of John Milbourn, of Long-Melford, 

Draper, 1521. 

12. Roger Martin, son of Lawrence Martin, of Long-Melford, 

Mercer 1567. 

13. John Spencer, son of Richard Spencer, of Walding Field, 

Cloth- worker, 1594. 

14. Stephen Some, son of Thomas Some, of Bradley, Grocer, 


Reader, this is one of the twelve pretermitted shires, the 

* He was mayor again 1436. 


names of whose gentry were not returned into the Tower in the 
reign of king Henry the Sixth. 


Know that this county and Norfolk had both one sheriff, until 
the seventeenth year of the reign of queen Elizabeth, a list of 
whose names we formerly have presented in the description of 


Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

17 Rob. Ashfield, arm. . . Netherhall. 

S. a fess ingrailed betwixt three flowers-de-luce Arg. 

18 Joh. High am, arm. 

S. a cheeky O. and Az. betwixt three nags heads 
erased Arg. 

19 Will. Spring, mil. . . Lanham. 

Arg. on a chevron between three martlets G. as many 
cinquefoils of the field. 

20 Rob. Jermin, mil. . . Rushbrook. 

S. a crescent betwixt two mullets Arg. 

21 Philip. Parker, mil. . Arwerton. 

Arg. a lion passant G. betwixt two bars S., whereon 
three bezants ; in chief as many bucks heads caboshed 
of the third. 

22 Th. Bernardiston, mil. Kedington. 

Az. a fesse dancette Erm. betwixt six croslets Arg. 

23 Nich. Bacon, mil. . . Culfurth. 

G. on a chief Arg. two mullets S. 

24 Will. Drury, mil. . . Halsted, 

Arg. on a chief Vert, the letter Tau betwixt two mullets 
pierced O. 

25 Carol. Framlingham, miles. 

26 Joh. Gurdon, arm. . . Assington. 

S. three leopards heads jessant flowers-de-luce O. 

27 Will. Clopton, arm. 

S. a bend Arg. betwixt two cotises dancette O. 

28 Geo. Clopton, arm. . . id prius. 

29 Franc. Jermy, arm. 

Arg. a lion rampant gardant G. 

30 Phil. Tilney, arm. . . Shelleigh. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three griffins heads erased G. 

31 Will. Walgrave, mil. . Buers. 

Party per pale Arg. and G. 

32 Tho. Rowse, arm. 

S. two bars engrailed Arg. 


Anno Name. Place. 

33 Nic. Garnish, arm. 

Arg. a. chevron engrailed Az. between three scallops S. 

34 Lionel Talmarsh, arm. Helmingham. 

Arg, fretty S. 

35 Rob. Forth., arm. 

36 Tho. Crofts, arm. . . Saxmundham. 

O. three bulls heads coupee S. 

37 Will. Spring, mil. . . ut prius. 

38 Tho. Eden, arm. 

Arg. on a fess G. three garbs O. between two chevrons 
Az. charged with escalops Arg. 

39 Antho. Wingfield . . Letheringham. 

Arg. a bend G. cotised S. three wings of the first. 

40 Hen. Warner, arm. 

41 Antho. Felton, arm. . Playford. 

G, two lions passant Erm. crowned O. 

42 Edw. Bacon, arm. . . ut prius. 

43 Edwin Withipol . . . Christ Church in Ipswich. 

Party per pale O. and G. three lions passant regardant, 
armed S. langued Arg. a bordure interchanged. 

44 Tho. Stutvile, arm. . . Dallam. 

Barruly, Arg. and G. a lion rampant S. 
Nicol. Bacon, mil. . ... ut prius. 


1 Nicol. Bacon, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Edm. Bokemham, arm. 

3 Tho. Play ters, arm. . . Sotterley. 

Bendy wavy of six Arg. and Az. 

4 Antho. Penning, arm. 

5 Joha. Wentworth, arm. 

S. a chevron between three leopards heads O. 

6 Lionel Talmarsh, arm. ut prius. 

7 Geo, le Hunt, mil. 

8 Tho. Tilney, arm. . . ut prius. 

9 Calthorp Parker, mil. . ut prius. 

10 Martin Stutevil . . . ut prius. 

11 [AMP.] Ro. Brook, mil. 

12 Rob. Barker, mil. 

Per fess embattled O. and Az. three martlets counter- 

13 Tho. Clench, arm. 

14 Lio. Talmarsh, mil. et bar. ut prius. 
1.5 Edw. Lewkenor, mil. 

Az. a chevron Arg. 

16 Joh. Wentworth, mil. . ut prius. 

1 7 Hen. North, mil. 

Az. a lion passant O. between three fl owe rs-de -luce Arg. 



Anno Name. Place. 

18 Will. Spring, mil. . . ut prius. 

19 Will. Wetle, arm. 

20 Rob. Brook, arm. 

21 Nat. Bernardiston, mil. ut prius. 

22 Galf. Pittman, arm. 


1 Sam. Aylmer, arm. . . Cleydon. 

Arg. a cross S. betwixt four Cornish choughs proper. 

2 Joh. Prescot, mil. 

S. a chevron betwixt three owls Arg. 

3 Maur. Barrowe, arm. 

S. two swords in saltire Arg. hilted betwixt four flowers- 
de-luce O. within a border compone of the second and 
Pur pure. 

4 Brampt. Gourden, arm. ut prius. 

5 Hen. Hookenham, arm. 

6 Johan. Acton, arm. 

7 Rob. Crane, mil. . . Chyston. 

Arg. a fess betwixt three cross croslets fitchee G. 

8 Will. Some, mil. 

G. a chevron betwixt three mallets O. 

9 Edw. Bacon, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Joh. Barker, arm. . . ut prius. 

11 Joh. Rouse, mil. . . . ut prius. 

12 Phil. Parker, mil. . ut prius. 

13 Ed. Duke, arm. . . . Brampton. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three sterns Arg. membered G. 

14 Joh. Clench, arm. 

15 Sim. Dewes, mil. . . Stow-Hall. 

O. three quatrefoils G. 

16 Will. Spring, arm. . . ut prius. 

17 Will. Castleton, arm. 

18 Maur. Barrowe, arm. . ut prius. 


20 Joh. Cotton, arm. 


22 Tho. Blosse, arm. 


18. JOHN~HIGHAM, Arm. I find this passage in the inge 
nious Michael lord Montaigne in France, in his Essay of 

" I have no name which is sufficiently mine. two J 

the one common to all my race, yea and also to others. There 
is a family at Paris, and another at Montpelier, called Mon- 

* Lib. ii. cap. 16. 


taigne; another in Britany, and one in Zantoigne, surnamed 
De la Montaigne. The removing of one only syllable may so 
confound our web, as I shall have a share in their glory, and 
they perhaps a part of my shame. And my ancestors have 
been heretofore surnamed HEIGHAM, or HIQUEM, a surname 
which also belongs to a house well known in England." 

Indeed the Highams (so named from a village in this county)* 
were (for I suspect them extinct), a right ancient family; and 
Sir Clement Heigham (ancestor to this John our sheriff), who 
was a potent knight in his generation, lies buried under a 
fair tomb in Thorning-church in Norfolk. 

20. ROBERT JERMIN, Mil. He was a person of singular 
piety, a bountiful benefactor to Emanuel College, and a man of 
great command in this county. He was father to Sir Thomas 
Jermin (privy councillor and vice- chamberlain to king Charles 
the First) ; grandfather to Thomas and Henry Jermin, esquires ; 
the younger of these, being lord chamberlain to our present 
queen Mary, and sharing in her majesty s sufferings during her 
long exile in France, was by king Charles the Second deservedly 
advanced Baron, and Earl of St. Alban s. 

33. NICHOLAS BACON, Mil. He was son to Sir Nicholas 
and elder brother to Sir Francis Bacon, both lord chancellors of 
England ; and afterward by king James, in the ninth of his 
reign, on the 22d of May, created the first baronet of England. 

36. THOMAS CROFTS, Arm. He was a man of remark in 
his generation ; father to Sir John Crofts, grandfather to .... 
Crofts,f who, for his fidelity to his sovereign during his suffer 
ing condition, and for several embassies, worthily performed to 
the king of Poland and other princes, was created Baron Crofts 
by king Charles the Second. 


15. SIMONDS DEWES, Mil. This Sir Simonds was grand 
child unto Adrian Dewes, descended of the ancient stem of Des 
Ewes, dynasts or lords of the Dition of Kessel in the Duchy of 
Gelderland ; who came first thence, when that province was 
wasted with civil war, in the beginning of king Henry the 

He was bred in Cambridge, as appeared by his printed speech 
(made in the Long Parliament), wherein he endeavoured to 
prove it more ancient than Oxford. His genius addicted him 
to the study of antiquity ; preferring rust before brightness, and 
more conforming his mind to the garb of the former than mode 

* Camden s Britannia (in English) in Suffolk. 

t William lord Crofts of Saxham ; so created 18th May, 10 Car I. He was 
twice married, but left no issue. E. 

o 2 


of the modern times. He was studious in Roman coin, to dis 
criminate true ones from such as were cast and counterfeit. He 
passed not for price to procure a choice piece ; and was no less 
careful in conserving, than curious in culling, many rare 
records. He had plenty of precious medals, out of which a 
methodical architect might contrive a fair fabric for the benefit 
of posterity. His treasury afforded things as well new as old, 
on the token that he much admired that the ordinances and 
orders of the late Long Parliament did in bulk and number 
exceed all the statutes made since the Conquest. He was 
loving to learned men, to whom he desired to do all good of 
fices ; and died about the year of our Lord 1653. 


To conclude our description of Suffolk, I wish that therein 
grain of all kinds may be had at so reasonable rates, that rich 
and poor may be contented therewith. But if a famine should 
happen here, let the poor not distrust Divine Providence, 
whereof their grandfathers had so admirable a testimony, 15. .; 
when, in a general dearth all over England, plenty of pease did 
grow on the sea-shore near Dunwich (never set or sown by 
human industry) which, being gathered in full ripeness, much 
abated the high prices in the markets, and preserved many hun 
dreds of hungry families from famishing. 



John BATTERLEY, divine and antiquary ; born at Bury 1647 ; 

died 1708. 
Sir Robert BEDINGFIELD, lord Mayor of London in 1707 ; born 

at Halesworth. 
William BLAIR, surgeon and author ; born at Lavenham 1766 ; 

died 1822. 
Edmund BOHUN, political and miscellaneous writer ; born at 

Ringsfield ; living at the end of the 1 7th century. 
Robert BLOOMFIELD, author of " The Farmer s Boy," &c. ; born 

at Honnington near Bury 1766; died 1823. 
William BOND, translator of Buchanan, and actor, who died on 

the stage while acting in Zara 1735. 
Peregrine BRANWHITE, ingenious poet and writer; born at 

Lavenham 1745; died 1794. 

William BURKITT, divine, commentator on the New Testa 
ment; born at Hitcham 1650; died 1703. 
Edward CAPELL, commentator on Shakspeare ; born at Tros- 

ton near Bury 1713; died 1781. 


George CRABBE, divine and poet, author of "The Village/ 

"The Borough/ &c.; born at Aldeburgh 1754; died 1832. 
Rev. Sir John CULLTJM, bart. divine and author of the "His 
tory of Hawsted / born at Bury 1733 ; died 1785. 
Arthur DUCK, author of a volume of poems called "The 

Thresher s Miscellany ;" born at Ipswich 1680. 
John EACHARD, divine and wit; born about 1636 ; died 1776. 
Laurence ECHARD, divine and historian ; born at Barsham 

1671; died 1730. 
Dr, William ENFIELD, Unitarian divine, compiler of "The 

Speaker/ and numerous other works ; born at Sudbury 

1741; died 1797. 
Henry FALCONBERGE, divine and benefactor ; born at Beccles; 

died 1713. 
Giles FIRMIN, nonconformist divine, physician, and author of 

"The Real Christian;" died 1697. 
Thomas GAINSBOROUGH, landscape and portrait painter ; born 

at Sudbury 1727; died 1788. 
Edmund GILLINGWATER, historian of his native town ; born 

at Lowestoff; died 1813. 
Thomas HERNE, controversialist; died 1722. 
Elizabeth INCHBALD, dramatic writer and actress ; born atStan- 

nirigrleld 1756; died 1821. 

Joseph KEBLE, lawyer and author ; born 1632 ; died 1710. 
Richard KIDDER, learned bishop of Bath and Wells ; died 1703. 
John KIRBY, author of the "Suffolk Traveller," &c. ; died 

John Joshua KIRBY, F.R.S., A.S., son of the preceding, author 

of a well-known treatise on Perspective ; born at Parham 

1716; died 1774. 
William LAYTON, divine and antiquary ; born at Sproughton 

1751; died 1831. 
Sir Andrew LEAKE, naval commander; born at Lowestoff; 

died 1705. 
Capel LOFFT, barrister, patron of Bloomfield; born at Bury 

1751 ; died 1824. 
George PRETYMAN, (Tomline), bishop of Winchester ; born 

at Bury 1753 ; died 1827. 
Clara REEVE, learned lady, author of "The Old English 

Baron," &c.; born at Ipswich 1723; died 1807. 
Humphrey REPTON, landscape gardener and essayest; born at 

Bury 1752; died 1818. 
William SANCROFT, archbishop of Canterbury, author of 

various works, sent to the Tower by James II.; born at 

Fressingfield 1616 ; died 1693. 
Anthony SPARROW, bishop of Norwich, author ; born at Dep- 

den; died 1685. 

Edward THURLOW, lord high chancellor; born at Ashfield 
1732; died 1806. 


Thomas THURLOW, bishop of Durham, and brother of the 
chancellor; born at Ashfield ; died 1791. 

Sarah TRIMMER, author of tracts, &c. for the moral and re 
ligious instruction of youth; born at Ipswich 1741; died 

Admiral Samuel UVEDALE; born at Barking 1729; died 1809. 

Dr. Samuel VINCE, professor of astronomy at Cambridge, author 
and mathematician; born at Fressingfield ; died 1821. 

William WOTTON, learned divine and author; born at Wren- 
tham!666; died 1726. 

Arthur YOUNG, agriculturist and author; born at Bradfield 
hall 1741; died 1820, 

* The county of Suffolk cannot as yet boast of a regular historian ; though 
Kirby s "Suffolk Traveller," published in 1735 and 1764, may be considered 
as the foundation for any future county history. Various publications, how 
ever, of a local nature have appeared at different times, which may greatly 
contribute to the assistance of the future historian of the county ; as the histories 
of Bury St. Edmund s, by E. Gillingwater (1804), by the Rev. W. Yates (1805), 
and others ; Histories of Hawsted, by the Rev. J. Cullum (1784 and 1813) ; of Fram- 
lingham, by R. Hawes and R. Loder (1798); of Lowestoff, by E. Gillingwater 
(1780); of Hengrave, by J. Gage; and of Elmeswell and Campsey Ash (1790) ; 
the LowestofF Guide (1812) ; and the History of Ipswich (1830). ED. 


SuRREYhath Middlesex (divided by the Thames) on the north; 
Kent on the east ; Sussex on the south ; Hants and Berk-shire 
on the west., It may be allowed to be a square (besides its an 
gular expatiation in the south-west) of two-and-twenty miles ; 
and is not improperly compared to a cinnamon tree, whose 
bark is far better than the body thereof; for the skirts and 
borders bounding this shire are rich and fruitful, whilst the ground 
in the inward parts thereof is very hungry and barren, though, by 
reason of the clear air and clean ways, full of many genteel habi 



The most and best of this kind in England (not to say Europe) 
is digged up nigh Ryegate in this county. It is worth four-pence 
a bushel at the pit, sixteen-pence at the wharf in London, three 
shillings at Newbury, and westward twice as dear. Double the 
use thereof in making cloth, to scour out stains, and to thicken 
it, or (to use the tradesman s term) to bring it to proof. Though 
the transporting thereof be by law forbidden, yet private profit 
so prepondereth the public, that ships ballasted therewith are 
sent over into Holland, where they have such magazines of this 
earth, that they are ready (on their own rates) to furnish us 
therewith, if there should be any occasion. 

And now we are mentioning of earth, near Non-such is a vein 
of potter s earth, much commended in its kind, of which cru 
cibles are made for the melting of gold, and many other ne 
cessary utensils. 


As in this county, and in Cash-Haulton especially, there be 
excellent trouts : so are there plenty of the best wall-nuts in 
the same place, as if nature had observed the rule of physic, 
Post pisces nttces. Some difficulty there is in cracking 
the name thereof; why wall-nuts, having no affinity with 
the wall, whose substantial trees need to borrow nothing 
thence for their support. Nor are they so called because 



walled with shells, which is common to all other nuts. The 
truth is, ffual or ivall in the old Dutch signifieth strange or 
exotic (whence Welsh, that is foreigners] ; these nuts being 
no natives of England or Europe, and probably first fetched 
from Persia, because called nux Persique in the French tongue. 
Surely, some precious worth is in the kernels thereof (though 
charged to be somewhat obstructive, and stopping of the sto 
mach), because provident nature hath wrapped them in so 
many coverts ; a thick green one (falling off when ripe), a 
hard yellowish and a bitter blackish one. As for the timber of 
the wall-nut tree, it may be termed an English Shittim-wood 
for the fineness, smoothness, and durableness thereof ; whereof 
the best tables, with stocks of guns, and other manufactures are 


The best which England affords groweth about Dorkino-* in 
this county, yet short in goodness of what is imported out of 
Turkey. Though the smell and shade thereof be accounted 
unwholesome ; not only pretty toys for children, but useful tools 
for men, and especially mathematical instruments, are made 
thereof. But it is generally used for combs, as also by such as 
grave pictures and arms in wood, as better because harder than 
pear-tree for that purpose, For mine own part, let me speak 
it with thankfulness to two good lords and patrons, it hath not 
cost me so much in wood and timber of all kinds, for the last 
ten years, as for box for one twelvemonth. 


I mean not such which is only for pleasure (whereof Surrey 
hath more than a share with other shires) to feast the sight and 
smell with flowers and walks, whilst the rest of the body is 
famished, but such as is for profit, which some seventy years 
since was first brought into this county, before which time great 
deficiency thereof in England. 

For we fetched most of our cherries from Flanders, apples 
from France ; and hardly had a mess of rath-ripe pease but from 
Holland, which were dainties for ladies, they came so far, and 
cost so dear. Since gardening hath crept out of Holland to 
Sandwich in Kent, and thence into this county, where though 
they have given six pounds an acre and upward, they have made 
their rent, lived comfortably, and set many people on work. 

Oh, the incredible profit by digging of ground ! For though 
it is confessed that the plough beats the spade out of distance 
for speed (almost as much as the press beats the pen) ; yet 
what the spade wants in the quantity of the ground it manureth, 
it recompenseth with the plenty of the fruit it yieldeth ; that 

Boxhill, near Dorking, is still famous for its box-trees, which were originallv 
planted there by Thomas Howard earl of Arundel ED. 


which is set multiplying a hundred-fold more than what is 

Itisincrediblehowmany poor people in London live thereon, so 
that in some seasons gardens feed more poor people than the field. 
It may be hoped that, in process of time, aniseeds, cummin- 
seeds, caraway-seeds (yea, rice itself), with other garden ware now 
brought from beyond the seas, may hereafter grow in our land, 
enough for its use, especially if some ingenious gentlemen 
would encourage the industrious gardeners by letting ground on 
reasonable rates unto them. 



Pass we from Gardening, a kind of tapestry in earth, to Tapes 
try, a kind of gardening in cloth. The making hereof was 
either unknown or unused in England, till about the end of 
the reign of king James, when he gave two thousand poinds to 
Sir Francis Crane, to build therewith a house at Morec ark for 
that purpose. Here they only imitated old patterns, until they 
had procured one Francis Klein, a German, to be thair de 


This Francis Klein was born at Rostock, but bred in the 
court of the king of Denmark at Copenhagen. To improve his 
skill he travelled into Italy, and lived at Venice, and became 
first known unto Sir Henry Wootton, who was the English 
lieger there. Indeed there is a stiff contest betwixt the Dutch 
and Italians, which should exceed in this mystery ; and there 
fore Klein endeavoured to unite their perfections. After his 
return to Denmark, he was invited thence into England by 
prince Charles, a virtuoso, judicious in all liberal mechanical 
arts, which proceeded on due proportion. And though Klein 
chanced to come over in his absence (being then in Spain), yet 
king James gave order for his entertainment, allowing him 
liberal accommodations ; and sent him back to the king of 
Denmark with a letter, which, for the form thereof, I conceive 
not unworthy to be inserted, transcribing it with my own hand, 
as followeth, out of a copy compared with the original : 

" Jacobus, Dei gratia Magnse Britanniae, Franciae, et Hibernise 
Rex, Fidei Defensor, Serenissimo Principi ac Domino Domino 
Christiano Quarto, eadem gratia Daniee, Norvegise, Vandalo- 
rum, et Gothorum regi, duci Slesuici, Holsatice, Stormariag, et 
Ditmarsise, comiti in Oldenburg et Delmenhorsh, fratri, com- 
patri, consanguineo, et arfini nostro charissimo, salutem et 
felicitatem, serenissimus princeps frater, compater, consangui- 
neus, et affinis charissimus. 

" Cum Franciscus Klein, Pictor, qui literas nostras fert, in 
animo habere indicasset (si Vestra modo Serenitate volente id 
fieret) filio nostro principi Walliee operam suam locare, accepi- 


mus benevol^ id a Vestra Serenitate fuisse concessum, data non 
solum illi quamprimum videretur discedendi venia, verum etiam 
sumptibus erogatis ad iter, quo nomine est quod Vestrse Sereni- 
tati gratias agamus. Et nos quidem certiores facti de illius in 
Britanniam jam adventu, quanquam absente filio nostro, satis 
illi interim de rebus omnibus prospeximus. Nunc vero nego- 
tiorum causa in Daniam reversurus, tenetur ex pacto quampri 
mum id commode poterit ad nos revenire. Quod ut ei per 
Vestram Serenitatem facere liceat peramanter rogamus. Vestra 
interea omnia, fortunas, valetudinem, imperium Deo commen- 
dantes Optimo Maximo. 

" Datum e Regia nostr& Albaula, die Julii 8, anno 1623. 
" Serenitatis Vestree frater amantissimus 


I perceive that princes, when writing to princes, subscribe 
their names ; and generally superscribe them to subjects. But 
the king of Denmark detained him all that summer (none wil 
lingly part with a jewel) to perfect a piece which he had begun 
for him before. This ended, then over he comes, and settled 
with his family in London, where he received a gratuity of an 
hundred pounds per annum, well paid him, until the beginning 
of our civil wars. And now fervet opus of tapestry at More- 
clark, his designing being the soul, as the working is the body, 
of that mystery. 


There are two most beautiful palaces in this county, both 
built by kings. First, Richmond, by king Henry the Seventh, 
most pleasantly seated on the Thames ; a building much be 
holding to Mr. Speed s representing it in his map of this county. 
Otherwise (being now plucked down) the form and fashion 
thereof had for the future been forgotten. 

None-such, the other, built by king Henry the Eighth, 
whereof our English antiquary* hath given such large commen 
dations. Indeed, what Sebastianus Cerlius, most skilful in 
building, spake of the Pantheon at Rome, may be applied to 
this pile, that it is " ultimum exemplar consummates architec- 

But grant it a non-such for building (on which account this 
and Windsor castle are only taken notice of in the description 
of Sebastian Braune) ; yet, in point of clean and neat situation, 
it hath some-such, not to say some above- such. Witness Wim- 
bleton in this county, a daring structure, built by Sir Thomas 
Cecil in eighty-eight, when the Spaniards invaded, and (blessed 
be God !) were conquered by our nation. 

* Camden, in the Description of Surrey. 



They were found on this occasion some two-and-forty years 
since (which falleth out to be 1618). One Henry Wicker, in a 
dry summer and great want of water for cattle, discovered, in the 
concave of a horse or neat s footing, some water standing. His 
suspicion that it was the stale of some beast was quickly con 
futed by the clearness thereof. With his pad-staff he did dig a 
square hole about it, and so departed. 

Returning the next day, with some difficulty he recovered 
the same place (as not sufficiently particularized to his memory 
in so wide a common) ; and found the hole he had made, filled 
and running over with most clear water. Yet cattle (though 
tempted with thirst) would not drink thereof, as having a mine 
ral taste therein. 

It is resolved that it runneth through some veins of alum, 
and at first was only used outwardly for the healing of sores. 
Indeed simple wounds have been soundly and suddenly cured 
therewith, which is imputed to the abstersiveness of this water, 
keeping a wound clean, till the balsam of nature doth recover it. 
Since it hath been inwardly taken, and (if the inhabitants may 
be believed) diseases have here met with their cure, though 
they came from contrary causes. Their convenient distance 
from London addeth to the reputation of these waters ; and no 
wonder if citizens coming thither, from the worst of smokes 
into the best of airs, find in themselves a perfective alteration. 


There is a river in this county, which, at a place called The 
Swallow, sinketh into the earth, and surgeth again some two 
miles off, nigh Letherhead ; so that it runneth (not in an entire 
stream, but) as it can find and force its own passage the inter 
jacent distance under the earth. I listen not to the country 
people telling it was experimented by a goose, which was put 
in, and came out again with life (though without feathers) ; but 
hearken seriously to those who judiciously impute the subsi- 
dency of the earth in the interstice aforesaid to some underground 
hollowness made by that water in the passage thereof. This 
river is more properly termed Mole, than that in Spain is on 
the like occasion called Anas, that is a duck or drake. For moles 
(as our Surrey river) work under ground, whilst ducks (which 
Anas doth not) dive under water ; so that the river Alpheus 
may more properly be entitled Anas, if it be true, what is 
reported thereof, that, springing in Peloponnesus, it runneth 
under the sea, and riseth up again in Sicily.f 

Nor may we forget a vault (wherein the finest sand I ever 

Now called Epsom ED. f Virgil, jEneid i. 3. 


saw) nigh Ryegate, capable conveniently to receive five hundred 
men ; which subterranean castle, in ancient time, was the recep 
tacle of some great person, having several rooms therein. If it 
be merely natural, it doth curiously imitate art ; if purely arti 
ficial, it d oth most lively simulate nature. 


" The vale of Holms-dale 
Never won, ne ever shall."] 

This proverbial rhyme hath one part of history, the other of 
prophecy therein ; and if, on examination, we find the first to 
be true, we may believe the other the better. 

Holms-dale lieth partly in this shire, and partly in Kent ; 
and indeed hath been happy in this respect, that several battles 
being fought therein and thereabouts, betwixt our Saxon kings 
(the true owners of the land) and the Danes, the former proved 
victorious. Thus was not Holms-dale won pro una et altera et 
tertia vice. 

But I hope I may humbly mind the men of Holms-dale, 
that when king William the Conqueror had vanquished king 
Harold, at Battle in Sussex, he marched with his army directly 
to London, through the very middle and bowels of Holms-dale ; 
and was it not won at that time ? However, if this vale hath 
not been won hitherto, I wish and hope it never may be here 
after, by a foreign nation invading it. 


HENRY, eldest son of king Henry the Eighth and queen 
Katharine dowager, was born at Richmond in this county, anno 
Domini 1509, on the first of January.* As his parents were 
right glad for this New-year s gift of Heaven s sending, so the 
greater their grief when within two months he was taken away 
again. The untimely death of this prince, as also of another 
son by the same queen (which lived not to be christened), was 
alleged by king Henry the Eighth, in the public court held in 
Blackfriars, London, about his divorce, as a punishment of 
God upon him, for begetting them on the body of his brother s 
wife. This short-lived prince Henry was buried in Westmin 
ster the 23d of February. 

HENRY of OATLANDS (so I have heard him called in his 
cradle), fourth and youngest son of king Charles the First and 
queen Mary, was born at Oatlands in this county, anno 1640. 
This I thought fit to observe, both because I find St. James s 
by some mistaken for the place of his birth, and because that 
house wherein he was born is buried in effect ; I mean, taken 
down to the ground. He was commonly called duke of Glou- 

* Speed s Chronicle, page 789. 


cester, by a court prolepsis (from the king manifesting his 
intentions in due time to make him so) before any solemn cre 
ation. Greatness being his only guilt, that he was the son of a 
good king (which many men would wish, and no child could 

The then present power, more of covetousness than kindness 
(unwilling to maintain him either like or unlike the son of his 
father) permitted him to depart the land, with scarce tolerable 
accommodations, and the promise of a [never performed] pen 
sion for his future support. A passage I meet with in my 
worthy friend, concerning this duke, deserveth to be written in 
letters of gold :* 

" In the year 1654, almost as soon as his two elder brethren 
had removed themselves into Flanders, he found a strong prac 
tice in some of the queers court to seduce him to the church of 
Rome, whose temptations he resisted beyond his years, and 
thereupon was sent for by them into Flanders." 

He had a great appetite to learning, and a quick digestion, 
able to take as much as his tutors could teach him. He fluently 
could speak many understood more modern tongues. He was 
able to express himself in matters of importance presently, pro 
perly, solidly, to the admiration of such who trebled his age. 
Judicious his curiosity to inquire into navigation, and other 
mathematical mysteries. His courtesy set a lustre on all, and 
commanded men s affections to love him. 

His life may be said to have been all in the night of affliction, 
rising by his birth a little before the setting of his father s, and 
setting by his death a little after the rising of his brother s 
peaceable reign. It seems Providence, to prevent excess, 
thought fit to temper the general mirth of England with some 
mourning. With his namesake prince Henry he completed 
not twenty years ; and what was said of the uncle was as true 
of the nephew : " Fatuos a morte defendit ipsa insulsitas ; si 
cui plus ceeteris aliquantulum salis insit (quod miremini) statim 


He deceased at Whitehall on Thursday the 13th of Septem 
ber 1660; and was buried (though privately) solemnly, "veris 
et spirantibus lacrymis," in the chapel of king Henry the Se 


I meet with few (if any) in this county, being part of the dio 
cese of politic Gardiner. The fable is well known of an ape, 
which, having a mind to a chesnut lying in the fire, made the 
foot of a spaniel to be his tongs, by the proxy whereof he got 
out the nut for himself. Such the subtlety of Gardiner, who 
minding to murder any poor Protestant, and willing to save 
himself from the scorching of general hatred, would put such a 

* Dr. Heylin, in his Life and Reign of King Charles, p. 157. 

f Sir Francis Nethersole, in his Funeral Oration on Prince Henry, p. 16. 


person into the fire by the hand of Bonner, by whom he \vas 
sent for up to London, and there destroyed. 


ELEANOR COBHAM, daughter to the Lord Cobham of Ster- 
borough castle in this county, was afterwards married unto 
Humphrey Plantagenet, duke of Gloucester. This is she who, 
when alive, was so persecuted for being a Wickliffite, and for 
many heinous crimes charged upon her ; and since her memory 
hangs still on the file betwixt confessor and malefactor. But I 
believe that the voluminous pains of Mr. Fox, in vindicating 
her innocency against the cavils of Alan Cope and others, have 
so satisfied all indifferent people, that they will not grudge her 
position under this title. Her troubles happened under king 
Henry the Sixth, anno Domini 14 ... 


NICHOLAS of FERNHAM, or de Fileceto, was born at Fern- 
ham in this county, and bred a physician in Oxford. Now our 
nation esteemeth physicians, little physic, little worth, except 
far fetched from foreign parts. Wherefore this Nicholas, to ac 
quire more skill and repute to himself, travelled beyond the 
seas. First he fixed at Paris, and there gained great esteem, ac 
counted Famosus Anglicus.* Here he continued until that uni 
versity was in effect dissolved, through the discords betwixt the 
clergy and the citizens. . Hence he removed, and for some years 
lived in Bononia. Returning home, his fame was so great, that 
he became physician to king Henry the Third.f The vivacity 
and health of this patient (who reigned longer than most men 
live) was an effect of his care. Great were the gifts the king 
conferred upon him, and at last made him bishop of Chester. 
Wonder not that a physician should prove a prelate, seeing this 
Fernham was a general scholar. Besides, since the Reformation, 
in the reign of queen Elizabeth, we had J. Coldwel, doctor of 
physic, a bishop of Sarum. After the resignation of Chester, 
he accepted of the bishopric of Durham. This also he surren 
dered (after he had sitten nine years in that see), reserving only 
three manors for his maintenance. J He wrote many books, 
much esteemed in that age, of " the practice in Physic and use 
of Herbs," and died in a private life 1257- 

WALTER de MERTON was born at Merton in this county ; 
and in the reign of king Henry the Third, when chancellors 
were chequered in and out, three times he discharged that office : 
1. Anno 1260, placed in by the king; displaced by the barons, 
to make room for Nicholas of Ely: 2. Anno 1261, when the 
king (counting it no equity or conscience that his lords should 

Mathew Paris, in anno 1229. f Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, p. 293. 

J Isackson s Chronicle. Bale, ut supra. 



obtrude a chancellor on him) restored, him to his place, continu 
ing therein some three years: 3. Anno 127-3, when he was re 
placed in that office for a short time. 

He was also preferred bishop of Rochester, that a rich prelate 
might maintain a poor bishopric. He founded Merton College 
in Oxford, which hath produced more famous school-men than 
all England (I had almost said Europe) besides. He died in 
the year 1277? in the fifth of king Edward the First. 

THOMAS CRANLEY was in all probability born at and named 
from Cranley (in Blackheath Hundred) in this county. It con- 
firmeth the conjecture, because I cannot find any other village 
so named in all England. Bred he was in Oxford, and became 
the first warden of New College ;* thence preferred archbishop 
of Dublin in Ireland. Thither he went over 1398, accompany 
ing Thomas Holland duke of Surrey and lieutenant of Ireland ; 
and in that kingdom our Cranley was made by king Henry the 
Fourth chancellor, and by king Henry the Fifth chief justice 
thereof. It seems, he finding the Irish possessed with a rebelli 
ous humour, bemoaned himself to the king in a terse poem of 
106 verses, which Leland perused with much pleasure and de 
light. Were he but half so good as some make him, he was to 
be admired. Such a case, and such a jewel, such a presence, 
and a prelate clear in complexion, proper in stature, bountiful 
in house-keeping and house-repairing ; a great clerk, deep di 
vine, and excellent preacher. Thus far we have gone along very 
willingly with our author :f but now leave him to go alone by 
himself, unwilling to follow him any farther, for fear of a tang of 
blasphemy, when bespeaking him, " Thou art fairer than the 
children of men ; full of grace are thy lips/ J &c. 

Anno 1417 he returned into England, being fourscore years 
old ; sickened, and died at Faringdon ; and lieth buried in New 
College chapel, and not in Dublin, as some have related. 

NICHOLAS WEST was born at Putney in this county ;|| bred 
first at Eaton, then at King s College in Cambridge, where 
(when a youth) he was a Rakel in grain ; for, something crossing 
him in the College, he could find no other way to work his revenge 
than by secret setting on fire the master s lodgings, part where 
of he burnt to the ground. Immediately after, this incendiary 
(and was it not high time for him?) left the college; and this 
little Herostratus lived for a time in the country, debauched 
enough for his conversation. 

" But they go far who turn not again ;" and in him the pro 
verb was verified, "Naughty boys sometimes make good men." 

* New College Register, anno 1380. 

f T. Marleburgensis, of the Writers of Ireland. Psalm xlv. 2. 

J. Bale and J. Pits. 

|| Mr. Hatcher s Manuscript of the Fellows of King s College. 


He seasonably retrenched his wildness, turned hard student, be 
came an eminent scholar and most able statesman ; and, after 
smaller promotions, was at last made bishop of Ely, and often 
employed in foreign embassies. And now, had it been possible, 
he would have quenched the fire he kindled in the college with 
his own tears : and, in expression of his penitence, became a 
worthy benefactor to the house, and rebuilt the master s lodg 
ings firm and fair from the ground. No bishop of England was 
better attended with menial servants, or kept a more bountiful 
house, w T hich made his death so much lamented, anno Domini 


JOHN PARKHURST was born at Gilford in this county;* bred 
first in Magdalen, then in Merton College, in Oxford. Here it 
was no small part of praise, that he was tutor, yea Meecenas, to 
John Jewel. After his discontinuance, returning to Oxford, it 
was no small comfort unto him to hear his pupil read his learn 
ed Humanity lectures to the Somato Christians (reader, I coin 
not the word myself, but have took it in payment from a good 
handf) ; that is, to those of Corpus Christi College, to which 
house then Jewel was removed. Hereupon Mr. Parkhurst 
made this distich : 

Olim discipulus mild, chare Juelle, fuisti ; 
Nunc era discipulus, te remtente, tuus. 

" Dear Jewel, scholar once thou wast to me, 
Now gainst thy will I scholar turn to thee." 

Indeed he was as good a poet as any in that age ; and de 
lighted to be an anti-epigrammatist to John White, bishop of 
Winchester ;J whom, in my opinion, he far surpassed both in 
phrase and fancy. 

Mr. Parkhurst, when leaving Oxford, was presented parson, 
shall I say, or bishop of Cleve in Gloucestershire ; as which 
may seem rather a diocese than a parish, for the rich revenue 
thereof. But let none envy " Beneficium opimum Beneficiario 
optimo," (a good living to an incumbent who will do good there 
with.) He laid himself out in works of charity and hospitality. 
He used to examine the pockets of such Oxford scholars as re 
paired unto him, and always recruited them with necessaries ; so 
that such who came to him with heavy hearts and light purses, 
departed from him with light hearts and heavy purses. 

But see a sudden alteration. King Edward the Sixth dies ; 
and then he, who formerly entertained others, had not a house 
to hide himself in. Parkhurst is forced to post speedily and 
secretly beyond the seas, . where he remained all the reign of 
queen Mary ; and, providing for his return in the first of queen 

Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis ; and Godwin, in the Bishops of Norwich. 

Dr Humphrey, in the Latin life of Jewel, p. 26. 
J See Fox s Acts and Monuments, p. 1471. 
Dr. Humphrey, in the Latin Life of Jewel, p. 30. 


Elizabeth, was robbed of that little he had, by some searchers ap 
pointed for that purpose. Were not these thieves themselves 
robbed, I mean of their expectation, who hoped to enrich them 
selves by pillaging an exile and a poet ? It grieved him most 
of all that he lost the fair copy of his Epigrams, though after 
wards with much ado he recovered them from his foul papers.* 
These at last he put in print, et juvenilem fcetum senex edidtt, 
without any trespass on his gravity ; such his poems being so 
witty that a young man, so harmless that an old man, need not 
be of them ashamed. 

Being returned into England, he was by queen Elizabeth pre 
ferred to the bishopric of Norwich ; and was consecrated Sep 
tember 1, 1560. Fourteen years he sat in that see, and died 

THOMAS RAVIS was born of worthy parentage at Maulden in 
this county;! bred in Christ Church in Oxford, whereof he was 
dean, and of which university he was twice vice-chancellor. 
Afterwards, when many suitors greedily sought the bishopric of 
Gloucester then vacant, the lords of the council requested Dr. 
Ravis to accept thereof. 

As he was not very willing to go thither, so (after his three 
years abode there) those of Gloucester were unwilling he 
should go thence, who in so short a time had gained the good 
liking of all sorts, that some w r ho could scant brook the name 
of bishop were content to give (or rather to pay) him a good 
report. 1 1 

Anno 1607 be was removed to London; and there died on 
the 14th of December 1609 ; and lieth buried under a fair tomb 
in the wall at the upper end of the north part of his cathedral.^ 

ROBERT ABBOT, D.D. was born at Guildford in this county ; 
bred in Baliol College in Oxford, whereof he became principal, 
and king s professor of divinity in that University. What is 
said of the French, so graceful in their garb, that they make 
any kind of clothes become themselves ; so general was his 
learning, he made any liberal employment beseem him ; reading, 
writing, preaching, opposing, answering, and moderating ; who 
could disentangle truth, though complicated with errors on all 
sides. He so routed the reasons of Bellarmin, the Romish 
champion, that he never could rally them again. Yet prefer 
ment (which is ordered in heaven) came down very slowly on 
this Doctor; whereof several reasons are assigned: 1. His hu- 

Dr. Humphrey in the Latin life of Jewel, p. 99. 
Bishop Godwin, in his Bishops of Norwich. 
So expressed in his epitaph on his monument in St. Paul s. 

SirJ. Harrington, in his additional supply to bishop Godwin s catalogue of 
Bishops, p. 32. 

|| Bishop Godwin, in his Bishops of London. fl Idem. 

VOL. III. p 


mility affected no high promotion. 2. His foes traduced him 
for a Puritan, who indeed was a right godly man, and cordial to 
the discipline, as doctrine, of the church of England. 3. His 
friends were loath to adorn the church with the spoil of the Uni 
versity, and mar a professsor to make a bishop. 

However, preferment at last found him out ; when he was 
consecrated bishop of Salisbury, December 3, 1615. Herein 
he equalled the felicity of Suffridus bishop of Chichester, that, 
being himself a bishop, he saw his brother George at the same 
time archbishop of Canterbury. Of these two, George was the 
more plausible preacher, Robert the greater scholar ; George 
the abler statesman, Robert the deeper divine; gravity did 
frown in George, and smile in Robert. 

But, alas ! he was hardly warm in his see before cold in his 
coffin, being one of the five bishops which Salisbury saw in six 
years. His death happened anno 1617. 

GEORGE ABBOT was born at Guilford in this county, being 
one of that happy ternion of brothers ; whereof two, eminent 
prelates ; the third, lord mayor of London. He was bred in 
Oxford, wherein he became head of University College ; a pious 
man, and most excellent preacher, as his lectures on Jonah do 

He did first creep, then run, then fly into preferment, or ra 
ther preferment did fly upon him without his expectation. He 
was never incumbent on any living with cure of souls, but was 
mounted from a lecturer to a dignitary ; so that he knew well 
what belonged to the stipend and benevolence of the one and 
the dividend of the other ; but was utterly unacquainted with 
the taking of tithes, with the many troubles attending it, toge 
ther with the causeless molestations which persons presented 
meet with in their respective parishes. And because it is hard 
for one to have a fellow-suffering of that whereof he never had 
a suffering, this (say some) was the cause that he was so harsh 
to ministers when brought before him. 

Being chaplain to the earl of Dunbar, then omni-prevalent 
with king James, he was unexpectedly preferred archbishop of 
Canterbury, being of a more fatherly presence than those who 
might almost have been his fathers for age in the church of 
England. I find two things much charged on his memory : 
first, that in his house he respected his secretary above his chap 
lains, and out of it always honoured cloaks above cassocks, lay 
above clergy-men : secondly, that he connived at the spreading 
of non-conformity, insomuch that I read in a modern author, 
" Had bishop Laud succeeded Bancroft, and the project of con 
formity been followed without interruption, there is little ques 
tion to be made but that our Jerusalem (by this time) might 
have been a city at unity in itself." * 

* The Observator rescued, p. 272. 


Yet are there some of archbishop Abbot s relations, who (as I 
am informed) will undertake to defend him, that he was in no 
degree guilty of these crimes laid to his charge. 

This Archbishop was much humbled with a casual homicide of a 
keeper of the lord Zouch s in Bramzell park, though soon after 
he was solemnly quitted from any irregularity thereby. 

In the reign of king Charles, he was sequestered from his 
jurisdiction ; say some, on the old account of that homicide ; 
though others say, for refusing to license a sermon of Dr. Sib- 
thorp s. Yet there is not an express of either in the instru 
ment of sequestration ; the commission only saying, in the 
general, " That the said archbishop could not at that present, 
in his own person, attend those services which were otherwise 
proper for his cognizance and jurisdiction/ 

For my own part, I have cause to believe that as vulnus 
semel sanatum novo vulnere recrudescit, so his former obnoxious- 
ness for that casualty was renewed on the occasion of his refusal to 
license that sermon, with some other of his court-un-compli- 
ances. This archbishop died anno Domini 1633, having erected 
a large hospital with liberal maintenance at Guiidford, the place 
of his nativity. 

RICHARD CORBET, D.D. was born at Ewel in this county, 
and, from a student in, became dean of, Christ Church, then 
bishop of Oxford ; a high wit and most excellent poet ; of a 
courteous carriage, and no destructive nature to any who of 
fended him, counting himself plentifully repaid with a jest 
upon him. He afterwards was advanced bishop of Norwich, 
where he died anno Domini 1635. 


THOMAS CROMWEL was born at Putney in this county, 
of whom I have given measure, pressed down and running over, 
in my " Church History." 

WILLIAM HOWARD, son to Thomas Howard, second of 
that surname, duke of Norfolk, was by queen Mary created 
baron of Effingham in this county, and by her made lord admi 
ral of England, which place he discharged with credit. I find 
he was one of the first favourers and furtherers, with his purse 
and countenance, of the strange and wonderful discovery of 
Russia,* He died anno Domini 1556. 

CHARLES HOWARD, son to the Lord William aforesaid, 
succeeded him (though not immediatelyf) in the Admiralty ; 
a hearty gentleman, and cordial to his sovereign ; of a most 

" Hackluyt, in his Sea Voyages, in his Epistle Dedicatory. 

f The father was appointed lord high admiral, by queen Mary, in 1554 ; the son, 
by queen Elizabeth, in 1585 ED. 

p 2 


proper person, one reason why queen Elizabeth (who, though 
she did not value a jewel by, valued it the more for, a fair case) re 
flected so much upon him. The first evidence he gave of his 
prowess was, when the emperor s sister, the spouse of Spain, 
with a fleet of 130 sails, stoutly and proudly passed the narrow 
seas, his lordship, accompanied with ten ships only of her ma 
jesty s navy royal, environed their fleet in a most strange and 
warlike sort, enforced them to stoop gallant, and to vail their 
bonnets for the queen of England.* 

His service in the eighty-eight is notoriously known, when, 
at the first news of the Spaniards approach, he towed at a 
cable with his own hands, to draw out the harbour-bound ships 
into the sea.t I dare boldly say, he drew more, though not 
by his person, by his presence and example, than any ten in 
the place. True it is, he was no deep seaman (not to be ex 
pected from one of his extraction) ; but had skill enough to 
know those who had more skill than himself, and to follow 
their instructions ; and would not starve the queen s service by 
feeding his own sturdy wilfulness, but was ruled by the expe 
rienced in sea-matters ; the queen having a navy of oak, and an 
admiral of osier. 

His last eminent service was, when he was commander of 
the sea (as Essex of the land) forces, at the taking of Cadiz, for 
which he was made Earl of Nottingham, the last of the queen s 

His place was of great profit (prizes being so frequent in that 
age), though great his necessary and vast his voluntary ex 
penses, keeping (as I have read) seven standing houses at the 
same time, at London, Ryegate, Effingham, Bletchingley, &c.; so 
that the wonder is not great if he died not very wealthy. 

He lived to be very aged, who wrote Man (if not married) in 
the first of queen Elizabeth, being an invited guest at the so 
lemn consecration of Matthew Parker at Lambeth ; and many 
years after, by his testimony, confuted those lewd and loud 
lies, which the Papists tell of the Nag s Head in Cheapside.J 
He resigned his admiralty in the reign of king James to the 
duke of ^Buckingham ; and died towards the latter end of the 
reign of the king aforesaid. || 


Sir ROBERT DUDLEY, Knight, son to Robert Dudley earl of 
Leicester by Douglas Shefeld (whether his mistress or wife 
God knoweth, many men being inclinable charitably to believe 
the latter) was born at Shene in this county, and bred by his 

* Hacluyt, in his Sea Voyages, in his Epistle Dedicatory. 

t Camden s Elizabeth, in 88. J Mason de Ministerio Anglicano. 

Buckingham (then only a Marquis) was appointed admiral, Jan 

20 |j~He D was created Earl of Nottingham, October 12, 1588; and died December 
13, 1629 Eo. 


mother (out of his father s reach) at Offington in Sussex,* He 
afterwards became a most complete gentleman in all suitable 
accomplishments. Endeavouring, in the reigri of king James, 
to prove his legitimacy, and meeting with much opposition 
from the court, in distaste he left his land, and went over into 
Italy. But worth is ever at home, and carrieth its own welcome 
along with it. He became a favourite to the duke of Florence, 
who highly reflected on his abilities, and used his directions in 
all his buildings. At this time Leghorn from a child started a 
man without ever being a youth, and of a small town grew a 
great city on a sudden ; and is much beholding to this Sir Ro 
bert for its fairness and firmness, as chief contriver of both. 

But by this time his adversaries in England had procured 
him to be called home by a special privy seal ; which he refused 
to obey, and thereupon all his lands in England were seized on 
by the king, by the statute of fugitives. These his losses dou 
bled the love of the duke of Florence unto him. And indeed 
Sir Robert was a much meriting person on many accounts ; be 
ing: 1. An excellent mathematician; especially for the practi 
cal part thereof in architecture : 2. An excellent physician ; his 
Catholicon at this day finding good esteem a^nongst those of 
that faculty : 3. An excellent navigator ; especially in the 
Western Seas. 

Indeed long before his leaving of England, whilst as yet he 
was rectus in curia, well esteemed in queen Elizabeth s court, 
he sailed with three small ships to the isle of Trinidad, in 
which voyage he sunk and took nine Spanish ships, whereof 
one an armada of 600 tons.f 

It must not be forgotten how he was so acceptable to Ferdi 
nand the Second, emperor of Germany, that, by his letters pa 
tent, bearing date at Vienna, March the 9th, 1620, he conferred 
on him and his heirs the title of a Duke of the Sacred Empire. 
Understand it a title at large (as that of Count Arundel s) with 
out the assignation of any proper place unto him. How long 
he survived this honour, it is to me unknown. J 


NICHOLAS OCKHAM was bred a Franciscan in Oxford, and 
became the eighteenth public lecturer of his convent in that 
university, lie is highly praised by the writers of his own or 
der for his learning, whom I do believe, notwithstanding Bale 
write th so bitterly against him. He flourished anno 1320. 

WILLIAM OCKHAM was born in this county, in a village so 

Mr. Dugdale, iu his Illustrations of Warwickshire, title Kenelworth Castle. 
f Hackluyt s Voyages, second part, p. 574. 
j He died in a palace of the duke of Florence, in 1649. See a farther account 

of him in the " History of Leicestershire," vol. i. p. 539. ED. 

De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. v. num. 17. 


called of Oaks ;* and indeed our William was all heart of oak, 
as soon will appear. 

He was first bred under John Scotus ; and afterwards served 
him as Aristotle did his master Plato, disproving his principles, 
and first setting on foot a new sort of sophistry. Then it was 
hard to hear any thing in the schools for the high railing betwixt 
the Reals, headed by John Duns Scotus ; Nominate, fighting un 
der their General Ockham , neither of them conducing much to 
the advance of religion. 

Our Ockham, flushed with success against John Scotus, un 
dertook another John, of higher power and place, even Pope 
John the Three-and-twentieth, and gave a mortal wound to his 
temporal power over princes. He got a good guardian, viz. 
Lewis of Bavaria the emperor, whose court was his sanctuary ; 
so that we may call him a schoolman courtier. But he was 
excommunicated by the Pope, and the masters of Paris con 
demned him for a heretic, and burnt his books. This, I con 
ceive, was the cause why Luther was so versed in his works, 
which he had at his fingers ends, being the sole schoolman in 
his library whom he esteemed. 

However, at last the Pope took wit in his anger, finding it no 
policy to enrage so sharp a pen ; and though I find no recanta 
tion or public submission of Ockham, yet he was restored to his 
state, and the repute of an acute schoolman. Now because he 
is generally complained of, for his soul of opposition (gain 
saying whatever Scotus said) it will serve to close his epitaph, 
what was made on a great paradox-monger, possessed with the 
like contradicting spirit : 

Sed jam at morluus, ut apparet, 
Quod si viverct id negaret. 

" But now he s dead, as plainly doth appear ; 
Yet would deny it, were he luring here."j 

He flourished under king Edward the Third; and, dying 
1330, was buried at Monchen in Bavaria.t 

JOHN HOLE ROOK was (as Leland states) a profound philo 
sopher and mathematician, much esteemed with the English 
nobility for his rare accomplishments ; and yet is his short 
character blemished in Bale with a double ut fertur : one, re 
lating to the place of his birth, yet so, as Surrey is assigned 
most probable : the other, to the time wherein he flourished.^ 

The last is a wonder to me, that so exact a critic, who had 
with great pains reduced the tables of Alphonsus most arti 
ficially to months, days, and hours, should have his own 
memory left at such a loss as to the timeing thereof, that authors 

* Camden s Britannia in this county. 

Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. v. num. 18. 
% De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. vii. num. 9. 
Idem, ibidem. 


(hopeless to hit the mark of the year) aim at the butt of the age, and 
conjecture him to have been eminent in the fourteenth century. 

GEORGE RIPLY was born, saith my author, at Ripley in this 
county.* But, on the serious debate thereof, he clearly ap- 
peareth a native of Yorkshire ; and therefore we remit the reader 
to that county, where he shall find his large character. 


HENRY HAMMOND, D.D. was born at Chertsey in this 
county, his father being doctor of physic, and physician to king 
James. He was bred in Eton school, where judicious Mr. Bust 
(so skilful in reading other boys) could not spell his nature ; 
but, being posed with the riddle of his portentous wit, at last 
even left him to himself, which proved the best. Hence he 
became fellow of Magdalen College in Oxford, till preferred 
canon of Christ-church and orator of the university. 

He may be called an angelical doctor, as justly as he who is 
generally so styled. First, for his countenance and complexion, 
white and ruddy; resembling the common portraitures of che- 
rubims. Secondly, his sanctity, spending his life in devotion. 
His eating and drinking were next to nothing, so exemplary his 
abstinence ; and he always embraced a single life. Thirdly, 
meekness. (( Michael durst not (the valour of an arch-angel 
is frighted at a sin) bring a railing accusation against Satan." f 
Herein only our doctor was a coward ; he feared to revile any 
of an opposite judgment. Fourthly, his charity ; he was the 
tutelar angel, to keep many a poor royalist from famishing ; it 
being verily believed, that he yearly gave away more than two 
hundred pounds. 

Lastly, for his knowledge , such the latitude of his learning 
and languages. As distillers extract aqua vita, or living water, 
from the dregs of dead beer ; so he, from the rotten writings of 
the Rabbins, drew many observations to the advance of Chris 

He could turn his plough-shares and pruning-hooks into 
swords and spears in his Controversial Treatises ; and could 
again at pleasure convert his swords and spears into plough 
shares and pruning-hooks in his Comments and Practical 

He was well versed in all modern pamphlets touching church 
discipline. When some of the royal disputants .(in the treaty 
at Uxbridge) in some sort did overshoot their adversaries, this 
doctor could lay his arguments level against them, and discourse 
with the parliament divines in their own dialect. 

But, alas ! he was an angelical man, no angel ; witness his 
death of the student s disease, the stone. He died at West- 

* Camden s Britannia, in this county. t Jude 9. 


wood in Worcestershire, at the house of the lady Packington; 
his PELLA, where he peaceably reposed himself whilst all our 
English Jerusalem was in combustion. One thousand pounds 
well nigh were due unto him at his death ; yet there appeared 
neither specialty, nor any man s hand amongst his writings ; so 
confident he was that his conscientious debtors would faithfully 
pay what was freely lent them. By his will he empowered 
Dr. Humphrey Henchman (since bishop of Sarum) his sole 
executor, to expend according to his discretion, in the relief of 
poor people, not exceeding two hundred pounds. Let this his 
short character be pitched tip like a tent for a time, to be taken 
down when a firmer fabric (which, as I am informed, a more 
able pen is about) shall be erected to his memory.* He died 
anno Domini 1659. 


NICHOLAS SANDERS was born at Charlewood in this county 
(where his family still continueth worshipful) ; bred bachelor of 
the laws in New College. t Going over beyond the seas he 
was made D.D. at Rome, and afterwards king s professor 
thereof at Louvain. 

Pity it was he had not more honesty, or less learning, being 
master of art in malice ; not hoping the whole body of his lies 
should l)e believed, but, being confident the least finger thereof 
finding credit could prove heavy enough to crush any innocence 
with posterity ; presuming the rather to write passages without 
truth, because on a subject beyond memory. 

He thought it would much advantage his cause to call the 
church of England schismatic first in that his libellous treatise. 
But what said St. Augustine in a dispute with one of the Dona- 
tists ? " Utrum schismatici nos simus an vos, non ego nee tu, 
sed Christus interrogetur, ut judicet ecclesiam suam.J" 

Indeed the controversy consisting much in matter of fact, let 
records and histories be perused ; and it will appear that our 
English kings, after many intolerable provocations, and en 
trenchments on their crown from the church of Rome, at last 
(without the least invading of others) conserved their own 
right; partly as supreme princes calling together their clergy, 
by their advice to reform the errors therein ; partly to protect 
their subjects from being ruined by the canons and constitu 
tions of a foreign power. 

But this subject hath lately been so handled by that learned 
baronet Sir Roger Twysden, that, as he hath exceeded former, 
he hath saved all future pains therein. To return to Sanders, 
it is observable, that he who surfeited with falsehoods was 

* This was performed in 1662, by Dr. John Fell, afterwards bishop of Ox 
ford ED. 

f Register of New College, anno 1548. 

j Contra Literas Tetiliani, lib. 2. cap. 8. torn. vii. 


famished for lack of food in Ireland. We must be sensible, but 
may not be censorious, on such actions ; such deserving to for 
feit the eyes of their souls, who will not mark so remarkable a 
judgment, which happened anno Domini 1580, 


I meet with none besides bishop Merton (of whom I have 
spoken) eminent before the Reformation. Since it we find, 

HENRY SMITH, who was born at Wands worth in this county.* 
Now, reader, before I go any further, give me leave to premise 
and apply a passage in my apprehension not improper in this 

Luther, commenting on those words, " and God created 
great whales,"t rendereth this reason why the creation of whales 
is specified byname: "ne, territi magnitudine, crederemus ea 
spectra esse :" (lest, affrighted with their greatness, we should 
believe them to be only visions or fancies.) Indeed many sim 
ple people who lived (where Luther did) in an inland country, 
three hundred miles from the sea, might suspect that whales (as 
reported with such vast dimensions) were rather fables than 
realities. In like manner, being now to relate the bounty of 
this worthy person, I am afraid that our infidel age will not 
give credit thereunto, as conceiving it rather a romance or fic 
tion than a thing really performed, because of the prodigious 
greatness thereof. The best is, there are thousands in this 
county can attest the truth herein. And such good deeds pub 
licly done are a pregnant proof to convince all deniers and 
doubters thereof. 

This Henry Smith, Esq. and alderman of London, gave, to 
buy lands for a perpetuity for the relief and setting the poor to 
work, in Croydon, one thousand pounds ; in Kingston, one 
thousand pounds ; in Guildford, one thousand pounds ; in Dork 
ing, one thousand pounds ; in Farnham, one thousand pounds ; 
in Ryegate, one thousand pounds ; in Wandsworth, to the poor, 
five hundred pounds. Besides many other great and liberal le 
gacies bequeathed to pious uses, which I hope by his executors 
are as conscionably employed, as by him they were charitably 

He departed this life the 13th of January 1627, in the 
seventy-ninth year of his age ; and lieth buried in the chancel 
to Wandsworth. 


[REM.] ELIZABETH WESTON. We must gain by degrees 
what knowledge we can get of this eminent woman ; who no 
doubt was : 1. Of gentle extraction, because her parents bestowed 

* So testifieth his monument in the upper end of the chancel of Wandsworth. 
f Genesis i. 21. 


on her so liberal and costly education ; 2. A virgin, because she 
wrote a book of poetry, called Parthenicon; 3. A great scholar, 
because commended by two grand critics ; 4. She must flourish, 
by proportion of time, about 1600. 
Hear what Janus Dousa saith of her, 

" Angla vel Angelica es, vel prorsus es Angelas; immo 
Si sexus vetat hoc, Angelus est animus." 

Joseph Scaliger praiseth her in no less prose : " Parthenicon 
ElizabethceWestonise, virginis nobilissimse, poetries florentissimee, 
linguarum plurimarum peritissimee." And again, speaking to 
her, " Pene prius mihi contigit admirari ingenium tuum quam 


It seems her fame was more known in foreign parts than at 
home. And I am ashamed that, for the honour of her sex and 
our nation, I can give no better account of her. However, that 
her memory may not be harbourless, I have lodged her in this 
county (where I find an ancient and worshipful family of the 
Westons flourishing at Sutton) ready to remove her at the first 
information of the certain place of her nativity. 

Here we may see how capable the weaker sex is of learning, 
if instructed therein. Indeed, when a learned maid was pre 
sented to king James for an English rarity, because she could speak 
and write pure Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, the king returned, "But 
can she spin ? 3> However, in persons of birth and quality, 
learning hath ever been beheld as a rare and commendable 



THE SIXTH, A.D. 1433. 

Henry (Beaufort), bishop of Winchester, cardinal of England ; 
and Robert de Ponyges, chevalier; Joh. Fereby (one of 
the knights of the shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Regin. Cobham de Lingfeld, Will. Uvedale de Tichsay, arm. 

mil. Nich. Carewe de Bedington. 

Joh. Kigele de Walketon, mil. Joh. Ardern de Lye, arm. 

Hen. Norbury de Stokede- Rog. Elingbrig de Croydon, 

beron, mil. arm. 

Joh, Leboys de Farnham, mil. Th. Codeington de Coding- 
Joh. Weston de Papeworth, ton, arm. 

arm. Joh. Yerd de Chayham, arm. 

Th. Wintershul de Winter- Will. Kyghle de Waweton, arm. 

shul, arm. Joh. Burg de Waleton, arm. 

Tho.HuseledeSouthwark,arm. Joh. Merston de Cobbesham, 
Johan. Corue de Mercham. arm. 

Rob. Skim de Kingeston. Will. Otteworth de Parochia 
Rob. Fitz-Robert de Bernas. Scemortle, arm. 

Joh. Gainsford de Crowherst, Arth. Ormesby de Southwark, 

arm. arm. 



Will. Weston de Okeham, 


Thornse Stoughton. 
Ade Lene Lord de Southwark, 


Will. Godyng de eadem, arm. 
Nich. Hogh de eadem. 
Job. Malton de eadem. 
Job. Godrick de Bermondsey, 

Tho. Kenle de Southwark, 


Rob. Stricklond de Walworth. 
Ricb. Tyler de Southwark. 
Job. Hanksmode de eadem. 
Job. Newedgate de eadem, 


Will. Sidney de Cranle. 
Will. Newgate de eadem, arm. 
Hen. Snokeshul de eadem, 

Job. Burcestre de Soutbwark, 

Job. Burdeux de West-Bench- 

worth, arm. 

David. Swan de Dorking, arm. 
Will. Ashurst de East-Bench- 


Tho. Ashurst de Dorking. 
Rob. Atte Sonde de Dorking. 
Job. Walleys de eadem. 
Job. Fontaines de Clopham, 

Job. Bitterle de Wandesworth, 

Radul. Wymbledon de Asshes- 


Ric. Parker de Byflete, arm. 
Tho. Neweton de Crockfeld, 

Will. Norman de Lambehithe, 

Job. Henham de Soutbwark, 

Will. Arberton de Chamber- 

Nich. Randolf de Reddrede, 

Tho. Grosham de eadem. 

Job, Exham de EweL 

Petri Swifte de Lambhith, 


Job. Thorp de Thorp, arm. 
Job, Milton de Egbam. 
Job. Bowet de Bokham Mag- 

na, arm. 

Laurent. Donne de Effingham. 
Tho. Slifeld de Bokharn Mag- 

na, arm. 

Tho.Donne de Coneham. 
Job. Donne de eadem. 
Will. Craule de Duntesfeld. 
Rob. Marcbe de eadem. 
Job. Atte Lee de Adington. 
Johannis Leicestre de Kersal- 


Johannis Drux de Ditton. 
Roberti Mildnale de Kinge- 


Jobannis Cbinnore de eadem. 
Th. Overton de Merton, arm. 
Will. Lovelase de eadem. 
Tho. Hereward de Morwe. 
Walteri Broke de eadem. 
Thomse Palsbud de eadem. 
Ricbardi Combe de eadem. 
Ricbardi Eton de eadem. 
Hugonis Ashbury de eadem. 
Nich. Fitz-John de eadem, 

Thomee Bule de Wonersham, 


Roberti Nytimber de Watton. 
Rob. Bronnesbury de Ber- 

Roberti Cbaringworth de Lam- 


Thomee Hering de Croydon. 
Richardi Ludlow de Hendle in 


Henr. Coleman de Farnham. 
Willielmi Hay ward de eadem. 
Johannis Lilborn de eadem. 
Johannis Redinghershe de 

Willielmi Brigges de Sander- 

Richardi Lynde de eadem. 



Thomse Best de Caterham. 
Thomse Basset de Cullesdon. 
Rob. Rokenham de eadem. 
Richavdi Colcoh de eadem. 
Richard! Herteswode de Lye. 
Willielmi Rode de Guldeford. 
Richard! Atte Lee de Godes- 


Robert! Dogge de Croyden. 
Jacob! Janyn de eadem. 
Rich. Laurence de Chiding- 


Willielmi Hichecock de Alfold. 
Johannis Raynold de Dontes- 

Johannis Wadebroke de Wy- 


Richard! Tymrne de Coneham. 
Walteri Atte Denne de Sut- 


Johannis Charlewode. 
Henrici Aleyn de Merscham. 
Johannis Campton de Chay- 

Johannis Asher de Godaming. 

Will. Inningfeld de Lingefeld. 
Thomse Sandre de Cherlevvode. 
Richardi Baker de Pekeham. 
Richard! Ode de Camerwel. 
Johannis Skinner de Reygate. 
Richardi Knight de eadem. 
Stephani Balhorn de Dorking. 
Johannis Vincent de Maldon. 
Thomae Vincent de Coneham. 
Johannis Lake de Kingston. 
Thomas Broker de eadem. 
Willielmi Stoley de eadem. 
Johannis Lake de eadem. 
Walteri Woderove de eadem. 
Thomee Settori de Ewel. 
Thomee Cheteman de Ebbe- 

Johannis Kightle de Waweton, 


Rogeri Longland de Croyden. 
Richardi Hayward de Foting. 
Thomae Ingram de Shire. 
Johannis Frolbury de eadem. 
Roberti Tome de Walton. 
Richardi Osteler de Coneham. 

Of Surrey. 

1 Robertus Belet. 

2 Paganus. 

3 Paganus. 

5 Paganus. 

7 Paganus. 

8 Paganus. 


Of Both. Of Sussex. 


1 Hugo Wareluilla. 

2 Magerus Maleuvenant. 

4 Radulphus Picot. 

5 Radulphus Picot. 

7 Episc. Chichester. Hila- 


8 Hilarius Episc. Chiches 


9 Hen. Archi-diaconus. 
10 Rogerus Hai. 

9 Paganus. 

10 Gervasus Cornhil. 
Rogerus Hai. 

11 Gervasius de Cornhil. 

12 Roger. Hay. 
bervasms de Cornhil. 13 Rogerus Hai. 

14 Hugoni de Dour. 14 Idem. 

11 Rogerus Hai. 


Of Surrey. Of Both. Of Sussex. 

Anno Anno 

15 Gervasius de Cornhil, for 15 Ilogerus Hai. 

fourteen years. 16 Reginaldus de Warrenn, 

29 Idem, et for seven years. 

Hen. de Cornhil, fil. ej. 23 Rogerus films Renfridi, for 

30 Hen. de Cornhil, for four eleven years. 



1 Henricus de Cornhil. 1 Philippus Ruffus. 

2 Idem, 2 Philippus de Tresgar. 

3 Idem. 3 Idem. 

4 Radul. de Cornhil. 4 Johannes Marescal. 

5 Idem. 5 Idem. 

6 Will, de St. Mar. Ecclesia. 6 Willielmus Mareshal. 

7 Idem. 7 Willielmus Marescal. 
Willielmus Panus. Steph. de Pountfold. 
Galfre. Peverel. 

8 Robertus de Turnham. 8 Willielmus Marescal. 
Alanus de Withton. Steph. de Poudfold. 

9 Robertus. 9 Willielmus. 
Alanus. Stephanus. 

10 Willielmus Marescal. 10 Mich, de Apletricham. 


1 Robertus de Turnham. 1 Williel. Marescal. 
Alanus de Wichenton. Mich, de Appeltricham. 

2 Johannes Chaper. 2 Robertus de Turnham. 

3 Johannes Chaper. 

4 Williel. Marescal. 

5 Robertus Turnham. 5 Mich, de Apletricham. 

Johannes Ferles. 

6 Willielm. de Chaignes. 
Richardus de Maisi. 
Williel. de St. Laudo. 

7 Idem, 

8 WillieL de Cahaignes. 

9 Idem. 

10 Robertus de Beregefeld. 10 Johan. filius Hugonis. 

11 Robertus de Milborn. 11 Williel. Briewre. 

12 Robertus de Beregefeld. 12 Johan. filius Hugonis. 

13 Johannes fil. Hugonis. 13 Matth. filius Herbert. 
Robertus Beregefeld. Gilbertus de Barier. 

14 Gilbert, de Barrier. 14 Matth. filius Herbert. 

15 Johannes fil. Hugonis. 15 Matth. filius Herbert. 
Robertus de Beregefeld. Gilbert, le Barrier. 

16 Gilbert, de Baryer. 16 Matth. filius Herbert. 

17 Reginald, de Cornhil. 17 Matth. filius Herbert. 

Gilbert. Barrier. 



Of Surrey. Of Both. Of Sussex. 

Anno Anno 

1 1 

2 Gilbertus Barrarius. 2 Matth. filius Herbert!. 

3 Wil. de Warren C. Sur. 3 Gilbertus Barrarius. 
Willielmus de Mara. 

4 Williel. de Warrena C. Surr. 4 Matth. filius Herberti. 
Willielmus de Maram, for Gilbertus Barrarius, for six 

six years. years. 

10 10 Matth. filius Herberti 

Herbert filius Walteri, for 

11 Johannes Oracesdon. four years. 

12 Johannes de Gatesden, for 14 

four years. 15 Robertus de Laudelawe. 

Henr. de Wintershul. 

16 16 Idem. 

17 Willielmus Brunus. 17 Petrus de Rival. 

18 Idem. 18 Id. et Hen. de Cancel. 

19 Simon de Echingham. 
Joel us de Germano. 

20 Simon de Echingham. 
Henry de Bada. 
Johannes de Gatesden. 
Joel de Sancto Germano. 

21 Johannes de Gatesdon. 21 Johannes de Gatesdon. 
Joel de Sancto Germano. Philip, de Crofts. 

22 Johannes de Gatesden. 22 Idem. 
Nicholaus de Wancy. 

23 23 Johannes de Gatesden. 

24 Johannes de Gatesden. 24 Johannes de Gatesden, 
Nicholaus de Wancy. Philippus de Crofts. 

25 Gregorius de Arsted. 25 

26 Idem. 26 Philippus de Crofts. 

27 Radul. de Kaymes, for three years. 

30 Rob. de Savage, for four years. 

34 Nicholaus de Wancy, for three years. 


38 Will, et Mich, de Vere. 


40 Galfr. de Grues. 

41 Idem. 

42 Gerard, de Cuncton. 

43 David, de Jarpennil. 

44 Johannes de Wanton. 

45 Idem. 

46 Willielmus de Lazouch, for three years. 

46 Rogerus de Wikes, for six 46 Robertus Agwilon, for six 
years. years. 



Of Surrey. Of Both. Of Sussex. 

Anno Anno 

52 Rogerus de Loges, for three years. 

55 Matth. de Hasting. 55 Bartholomeus de Hasting. 

56 Idem. 56 Idem. 





Matth. de Hastings. 

Willielmus de Herne. 
4 Johannes Wanton, for three years. 

7 Emerindus de Cancellis. 

8 Idem. 

9 Nicholaus de Gras, for five years. 

14 Richardus de Pevensey. 

15 Idem. 

16 Will, de Pageham, for five years. 
Rogerus de Lukenor, for 

four years. 

21 Robertas de Glamorgan, for six years. 
27 Johan. Albel, for four years. 

31 Walter de Gedding. 

32 Idem. 

33 Robertus de le Knole, for three years. 




1 Walter, de Gedding. 

2 Willielmus de Henle, et 
Robertus de Stangrave. 

3 Willielmus de Henle, et 
Robertus de Stangrave. 

4 Idem. 

5 Willielmus de Henle. 

6 Willielmus de Henle, et 
Williemus de Mere. 

7 Petrus de Vienne. 

8 Idem. 

9 Willielmus Merre. 

10 Walterus le Gras. 

11 Walterus le Gras, et 
Petrus de Worldham. 

12 Petrus de Worldham, et 
Henricus Husey. 

13 Idem. 

14 Henricus Husey. 

15 Nicholaus Gentil. 



17 Petrus de Worldham, et 
Andream Medested, for 
three years. 




Nicholaus Gentil. 
Nicholaus Gentil, et 
Robertus de Stangrave, 
for three years. 

5 Johannes Dabnam. 

6 Willielmus Vaughan. 

7 Idem. 

8 Willielmus Vaughan, et 
Joh. Dabnam, for three 


11 Willielmus Vaughan. 

12 Idem. 

13 Golfridus de Hunston. 

14 Willielmus de Northo, et 
Golfridusde Henston. 




15 Hugo de Bowcy, et 
Willielmus de Northo. 

16 Andreas Peverel, et 
Hugo de Bowcy. 

17 Idem. 

18 Willielmus de Northo. 

19 Regind, de Forester, for 

three years. 

22 Rogerus Daber. 

23 Tho. Hoo, for three years. 

26 Richardus de St. Oweyn. 

27 Jdem. 

28 Simon de Codington. 

29 Rogerus de Lukenor. 

30 Will. Northo. 

31 Tho. de Hoo, for three 



34 Richardus de Hurst, for 
three years. 

37 Simon, de Codington. 

38 Ranul, Thurnburn. 

39 Johannes Wateys. 

40 Johannes Weyvile. 

41 Andreas Sackvile. 

42 Idem. 

43 Ranul. Thurnburn. 

44 Idem. 

45 Willielmus Neidegate. 

46 Roger. Dalingrugg. 

47 Nicholaus Wilcomb. 

48 Robertus de Loxele. 

49 Robertus Atte Hele. 

50 Johannes St. Clere. 

51 Johannes de Melburn. 

The sheriffs of these two counties, before king Edward the 
Second, are in the Records so involved, complicated, perplexed, 
that it is a hard task to untangle them, and assign which 
sheriffs did severally, which jointly, belong unto them. Had 
the like difficulty presented itself in other united shires, I sus 
pect it would have deterred me from ever meddling with their 
Catalogue. Nor will we warrant that we have done all right in 
so dare a subject, but submit our best endeavours to the cen 
sure and correction of the more judicious. 


7- Sussex, HILARIUS Episcopus Chichcster. The king had 
just cause to confide in his loyalty, and commit the shire to his 
care : for, although I behold him as a Frenchman by birth, yet 
great always was his loyalty to the king, whereof afterwards he 
gave a signal testimony ; for, whereas all other bishops assem 
bled at the council of Clarendon only assented to the king s 
propositions with this limitation, salvo ordine suo, this Hilary 
absolutely and simply subscribed the same. The time of his 
consecration, as also of his death, is very uncertain. 


1. ANDREAS SACVIL. The family of the Sacvils is as an 
cient as any in England, taking their name from Sacvil (some 
will have it Sicca Villa) a town, and their possession, in Nor 
mandy. Before this time, me meet with many eminent persons 
of their name and ancestry. 

1. Sir Robert Sacvil, Knight, younger son of Herbrann de 


Sacvil, was fixed in England, and gave the manor of Wickham, 
in Suffolk, to the abbey of St. John de Baptist in Colchester, 
about the reign of William Rufus.* 

2. Sir John de Sacvil, his son, is by Matthew Paris f ranked 
amongst those persons of prime quality, who in the reign of 
king John were assistants to the five-and-twenty peers ap 
pointed to see the liberties of Charta Magna performed. 

3. Richard de Sacvil, (as I have cause to believe, his son) was 
one of such quality, that I find Hubertus de Anesty to hold two 
fields in Anesty and little Hormeed J of the Honor of Richard 
Sacvil. Now the word Honor (since appropriated to princes 
palaces) was in that age attributed to none but the patrimony 
of principal barons. 

4. Sir Jordan Sacvil, grand-child to the former, was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Evesham, in the age of king Henry the 
Third, for siding with the barons against him. 

5. Andrew, his son" and heir, being under age at his father s 
death, and the king s ward, was imprisoned in the castle of 
Dover, anno the third of Edward the First ; and afterwards, by 
the special command of the said king, did marry Ermyntude, an 
(I conceive a Spanish) honourable lady of the household of 
queen Elianor, whereby he gained the king s favour, and the 
greater part of his (formerly forfeited) inheritance. 

I behold this Andrew Sacvil the sheriff, as his son, ancestor 
to the truly honourable Richard, now earl, of Dorset. 


Anno Name and Arras. Place. 

1 Will. Percy. 

O. a lion rampant Az. 

2 Edw. Fitz- Herbert. 

G. three lions rampant O. 

3 Joh. de Hadresham. 

4 Nich. Sleyfeld. 

5 Will. Percy ut prius. 

6 Will. Weston. 

Erm. on a chief Az. five bezants. 

7 Will. Waleys. 

8 Robertus Nutborne. 

9 Richardus Hurst. 

10 Thomae Hardin. 

11 Idem. 

12 Edw. de St. Johan. 

Arg. on a chief G. two mullets O. 

13 Rob. Atte-Mulle. 

14 Rob. de Echingham. 

* Ordericus Vitalis, in his Norman Stor. f Page 262, anno 1260. 

% Both in Hertfordshire. Sir Hugh Spelman s Glossary, verbo Honor. 



Anno Name. Placa. 

15 Nicholaus Carew . . Beddington, Surrey. 

O. three lions passant-gardant S. armed and langued G. 

16 Thomee Jardin. 

17 Nicholaus Slyfeld. 

18 Edw. St. John . . . ut prius. 

19 Joh. Ashburnham. . . Ashburnham, Sussex. 

G. a fess betwixt six mullets Arg. 

20 Willielmus Fienes. 

Az. three lions rampant O. 

21 Johannes Salerne, 

22 Willielmus Fienes . . ut prius. 


1 Radu. Codington. 

2 Carew . ut prius. 
Johannes Pelham . . Laughton. 

Az. three pelicans Arg. 

3 Joh. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

4 Robert. Atte-Mulle. 

5 Idem. 

6 Phil. St. Olere. 

7 Thomte Sackvile. 

Quarterly, O. and G. ; a bend vairy. 

8 Thomae Clipsham. 

9 Willielmus Verd. 

10 Tho. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

11 Joh. Warne Campie. 

12 Joh. Waterton. 


1 Johan. Hay sham. 

2 Joh. Wintershul. 

3 Joh. Clipsham. 

4 Joh. Uvedale. 

5 Johannes Weston . . ut prius. 

6 Johannes Knotesford. 

Arg. four fusils in fess S. 

7 Johannes Clipsham. 

8 Johannes Hace. 

9 Joh. Bolvey, et 

James Knotesford . . ut prius. 


1 Rog. Fiennes, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Joh. Wintershul. 

3 Johan. Clipsham. 

4 Thomge Lewkenor. 

Az. three chevrons Arg. 



Anno Name. Place. 

5 Johan. Ferriby. 

6 Will. Warbleton. 

7 Joh. Wintershul. 

8 Willielmus Uvedale . ut prius. 

9 Willielmus Finch. 

^ Arg. a chevron between griffins-passant S. 

10 Th. Lewkenor, mil. . . ut prius. 

11 Johan. Anderne. 

12 Richardus Waller. 

S. three wall-nut leaves O. betwixt two bendlets Arg. 

13 Hog. Fiennes, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Rich. Dalingrugg. 

15 Johan. Fereby. 

16 Thomse Uvedal . . . ut prius. 

17 James Fiennes . . . ut prius. 

18 Rog. Lewkenor . . . ut prius. 

19 Nicholaus Carew . . ut prius. 

20 Walt. Strickland. 

21 Joh. Stanley. 

Arg. on a bend Az. three bucks heads cabossed O. 

22 Joh. Baskett, arm. 

Az. a chevron Erm. betwixt three leopards heads O. 

23 Nich. Carew . . . . ut prius. 

24 Nich. Husey. 

25 Will. Belknape. 

26 Robertus Radmill. 

27 Nich. Carew .... ut prius. 

28 Joh. Pennycoke. 

29 Johan. Lewkenor . . ut prius. 

30 Thomee Yard. 

31 Rich. Fienes, mil. . . ut prius. 

33 Joh. Knotesford . . . ut prius. 

34 Tho. Cobham, mil. 

G. on a chevron O. three estoiles S. 

35 Nicholaus Husee . . . ut prius. 

36 Tho. Basset. 

37 Thomas Tresham. 

Per saltire S. and O. six trefoils of the last. 
* 38 Rob. Fienes, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Nich. Gainsford . . Crohurst. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three greyhounds currant S. 

2 Walt. Denis. 

3 Idem. 

4 Tho. Goring, arm. 

Arg. a chevron between three annulets G. 

Q 2 


Anno Name. Place. 

5 Tho. Uvedale, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Will. Cheney, arm. 

7 Tho. Vaugham. 

8 Rog. Lewkenor, mil. . ut prius. 

9 Nich. Gainsford, arm. . ut prius. 

10 Rich. Lewkenor, arm. . ut prius, 

11 Th. St. Leger, arm. . . KENT. 

Az. a fretty Arg. ; a chief O. 

12 Joh. Gainsford . . . ut prius. 

13 Nich. Gainsford . . . ut prius. 

14 Tho. Lewkenor, arm. . ut prius. 

15 Tho. Echingham. 

16 Joh. Wode, Ser. arm. 
] 7 Henr. Roos, mil. 

18 Will. Weston . . . ut prius. 

19 Tho. Combs, arm. 

20 Joh. Elringhton. 

21 Tho. Fienes .... ut prius. 

22 Joh. Apseley, arm. 

Barry of six. Arg. and G. ; a canton Erm. 


1 Hen. Roos, mil. 

2 Joh. Dudley. 

3 Joh. Norbury, mil. 

Nich. Gainsford . . , ut prius. 


1 Nich. Gainsford . . . ut prius. 

2 Tho. Combes, arm. 

3 Will. Merston. 

4 Rob. Morley. 

S. three leopards O. fleury Ar. 

5 Joh. Apseley, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Rich. Lewkenor, arm. . ut prius. 

7 Edw. Dawtree, arm. 

Az. five fusils in fess Arg. 

8 Joh. Leigh, arm. . . . Stockwel. 

G. a cross engrailed within a border Arg. 

9 Joh. Coke, arm. 

10 Joh. Apseley, arm. . . ut prius. 

11 Ric. Lewkenor, arm, . ut prius. 

12 Matth. Brown, arm. . Beachworth. 

S. three lions passant gardant inter two bends gemeros Arg. 

13 Rich. Sackvile, arm. . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Coke, arm. 

15 Tho. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

16 Joh. Gainsford, arm. . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 


18 Job. Apseley, arm. . . ut prius. 

19 Rad. Shirley, arm. 

Paly of eight O. and Az. a canton Erm. 

20 Rich. Sackvile, arm. . ut prius. 

21 Godr. Oxenbrig, arm. 

G. a lion rampant queue forche Arg. within a border V. 
charged an entoire of eight escalops O. 

22 Will. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

23 Tho. Morton, arm. 

Quarterly G. and Erm. ; in the first and fourth a goat s 
head erased Arg. 

24 Tho. Fienis, mil. . . . ut prius. 


1 Job. Leigh, arm. . ut prius. 

2 Edw. Lewknor, arm. . ut prius. 

3 Rog. Lewknor, mil. . ut prius. 

4 God. Oxenbrigg, mil. . ut prius. 

5 Rich. Shirley, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Roger. Copley, arm. 

7 Job. Leigh, mil. . . . ut prius. 

8 Will. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

9 Joh. Gainsford, mil. . ut prius. 

10 Rich. Carewe, arm. . . ut prius. 

11 God. Oxenbrigg, mil. . ut prius. 

12 Joh. Scott, arm. 

Arg. three Katharine wheels S. within a border engrailed G. 

13 Edw. Bray, mil. 

Arg. a chevron between three eagles 7 legs erased S. 

14 Rich. Covert, arm. . . Slaugham, Sussex. 

G. a fess Erm. betwixt three leopards O. 

15 Will. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

16 Tho. West, mil. 

Arg. a fess dancette S. 

17 Rich. Shirley, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Joh. Dawtree, mil. . . ut prius. 

19 Joh. Sackvill, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Rich. Belingham. 

Arg. three hunters horns stringed S. 

21 Rog. Copley, mil. 

22 Will. Goring, mil. . . ut prius. 

23 Rog. Lewkenor, mil. . ut prius. 

24 Christop. Moore, arm. . Looseley. 

Az. on a cross Arg. five martlets S. 

25 Joh. Palmer, arm. . . Angmarin. 

O. two bars G. on each three trefoils Ar. ; in chief a 
greyhound currant S. collared of the first. 


Anno Name. Place. 

26 Rich. Belengham . . ut prius. 

27 Will. Goring, mil. . . ut prius. 

28 Rich Page, mil. 

29 Nich. Gainsford, arm. . ut prius. 

30 Edw. Bray, mil. . . . ut prius. 

31 Christoph. Moor, mil. . ut prius. 

32 Joh. Sacvile, arm. . . ut prius. 

33 Tho. Darell, arm. 

Az. a lion rampant O. crowned Arg. 

34 Rich. Belingham, arm. . ut prius. 

35 Joh. Palmer, arm. . . ut prius. 

36 Joh. Thetcher, arm. 

37 Joh. Dawtree, mil. . . ut prius. 

38 Joh. Sackvile, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Tho. Garden, mil. 

2 Joh. Scott, arm. . . . ut prius. 

3 Nich. Pelham, mil. . , ut prius. 

4 Will. Goring, mil. . . ut prius. 

5 Rob. Oxenbrigg, arm. . ut prius. 
G Antho. Brown, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Tho. Saunders, mil. . . Chartwood. 

S. a chevron between three bulls heads Arg. 

2 John Covert, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Will. Saunders, arm. . ut prius. 

4 Edw. Gage, mil. 

Gyronne of four, Az, and Arg. a saltire G. 

5 Joh. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

6 Will. More, arm. . . ut prius. 


1 Tho. Palmer, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Joh. Colepeper, arm. 

Arg. a bend engrailed G. 

3 Joh. Stidolf, arm. 

Arg. O. a chief S. two wolves heads erased O. 

4 Hen. Goring, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Will. Gresham. 

6 Rich. Covert, arm. . . ut prius. 

7 Antho. Pelham, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Will. Dawtree, arm. . . ut prius. 

(This year the two counties were divided.) 


9 Franc. Carew, arm. . ut prius. 



Anno Name Place. 

10 Hen. Western, mil. . . ut prius. 

1 1. Tho. Lifeld, arm. . . ut prius. 

12 Tho. Brown, arm. . . ut prius. 

(This year the two counties were again united under one Sheriff.) 

13 Joh. Pelham, arm. . . ut prius 

14 Tho. Palmer, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Fran. Shirley, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Joh. Rede, arm. et 
Rich. Foisted. 

17 Hen. Pelham, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Will. Gresham, arm. . ut prius. 

19 Tho. Shirley, mil. . . ut prius. 

20 Georg. Goring, arm. . ut prius. 

21 Will. Moore, mil. . . ut prius. 

22 Will. Morley, arm. . . ut prius. 

23 Edw. Slifeld, arm. 

24 Tho. Brown, mil. . . ut prius. 

25 Walt. Covert, arm. . . ut prius. 

26 Tho. Bishop, arm. . . Parham. 

Arg. on a bend cotised G. three bezants. 

27 Rich. Bostock, arm. 

S. a fess humet Arg. 

28 Nich. Parker, arm. 

29 Rich. Brown, arm. . . ut prius. 

30 Joh. Carrell, arm. . . Harting. 

Arg. three bars, and as many martlets in chief S. 

31 Thorn. Pelham, arm. . ut prius. 

32 Hen, Pelham, arm. . . ut prius. 

33 Robt. Linsey, arm. 

O. an eagle displayed S. beaked and membered Az. ; a 
chief vairy. 

34 Walt. Covert, mil. . . ut prius. 

35 Nich. Parker, mil. 

36 Will. Gardeux, arm. 

37 Rich. Leech, arm. 

38 Edm. Culpeper, arm. . ut prius. 

39 Georg. Moore, arm. . ut prius. 

40 Jam. Colebrand, arm. . Botham. 

Az. three levels with plummets O. 

41 Tho. Eversfeld, arm. . Den. 

Erm. on a bend S. three mullets O. 

42 Edm. Boier, arm. . . Camberwell, Surrey. 

O. a bend vairy betwixt two cotises G. 

43 Thorn. Bishop, arm. . ut prius. 

44 Joh. Ashburnham . . ut prius. 

45 Rob. Lynsey ut prius. 




Anno Name. Place. 

1 Rob. Linsey, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Hen. Goring, mil. . , ut prius. 

3 Edw. Culpeper, mil. . ut prius. 

4 Tho. Hoskings, mil. 

5 Hen. Morley, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Georg. Gunter, mil. 

S. three gauntlets within a border O. 

7 Thorn. Hunt, mil. 

8 Joh. Lountesford. 

Az. a chevron betwixt three boars O. coupe G. 
Edw. Bellingharn; . . ut prius. 
10 Will. Wignall, arm. . Tandridge, Surrey. 

Az. on a chevron O. betwixt three ostridges three mullets G. 
Edw. Goring, arm. . . u t prius. 

12 Joh. Willdigos, mil. 

13 Rola. Tropps, Mor. et 
Joh. Morgan, mil. 

14 Joh. Shirley, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Joh. Middleton, arm. 

16 Joh. Howland, mil. . . Shatham. 

Arg. two bars and three lions rampant in chief S. 

Nlch. Eversfeld, arm. . ut prius. 

18 Rich. Michelborne. 

19 Franc. Leigh, mil. . . ut prius. 

20 Tho. Springet, mil. 

21 Ben. Pelham, mil. . . ut prius. 

22 Amb. Browne, arm. . ut prius. 


1 Edr. Alford, arm. 

G. six pears, three, two, and one ; and a chief O. 

2 Tho. Bowyer, arm. . . Leghthorn, Sussex. 

O. a bend Vairy betwixt two cotises G. 

3 Edw. Jourden, arm. . Gatwik. 

S. an eagle displayed betwixt two bendlets Ar. a canton 
sinister O. 

4 Steph. Boord, mil. 

5 Anth. May, arm. 

G. a fess between eight billets O. 

6 Will. Walter, mil. . . Wimbledon. 

Az. a fess indented O, between three eagles Arg. 

8 Joh. Chapman, mil. 

9 Rich. Evelyn, arm. . . Wotton. 

Az. a gryphon passant, and chief O. 


Anno Name. Place. 

10 Will. Culpeper, arm. . ut prius. 

1 1 Will. Morley, mil. . . ut prius. 

When I look upon these two counties, it puts me in mind of 
the epigram in the poet : 

Nee cum te possum vivere, nee sine te. 
" Neither with thee can I well, 
Nor without thee can I dwell." 

For these two shires of Surrey and Sussex generally had dis 
tinct sheriffs until the reign of king Edward the Second, when 
they were united under one. Then again divided in the ninth 
of queen Elizabeth ; united in the thirteenth ; divided again in 
the twelfth of king Charles, and so remain at this day. But 
how long this condition will continue is to me unknown ; 
seeing, neither conjunctim nor divisim, they seem very well 


12 Antho. Vincent, mil. . Stock Daberon. 

Az. three quartrefoils Arg. 

14 Johan. Gresham, mil. 

15 Joh. Rowland, mil. . . ut prius. 

1 6 Tho. Smith, arm. 

17 Georg. Price, arm. 

19 Edru. Jorden, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Mathe. Brand, mil. 

22 Will. Wymondsal, mil. Putney. 


19. JOHN ASHBURNHAM. My poor and plain pen is wil 
ling, though unable, to add any lustre to this family of stupen 
dous antiquity. The chief of this name was high sheriff of 
Sussex and Surrey, anno 1066, when William duke of Nor 
mandy invaded England, to whom king Harold wrote to assem 
ble the posse comitatuum, to make effectual resistance against 
that foreigner. The original hereof, an honourable heir-loom 
(worth as much as the owners thereof would value it at) was 
lately in the possession of this family ; a family wherein the 
eminency hath equalled the antiquity thereof, having been barons 
of England in the reign of king Henry the Third. 

The last Sir John Ashburnham, of Ashburnham, married 
Elizabeth Beaumont, daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont (after 
wards by especial grace created Viscountess Crawmount in 
Scotland) ; and bare unto him two sons ; John, of the bedcham 
ber to king Charles the First and Second; and William, 


cofferer to his majesty, who will build their name a story higher 
to posterity.* 


29. JOHN LEWKENOR. He was afterwards knighted by this 
king, and was a cordial zealot for the Lancastrian title, at last 
paying dear for his affections thereunto ; for, in the reign of king 
Edward the Fourth, anno 1471, he, with three thousand others, 
was slain in the battle at Tewkesbury, valiantly fighting under 
prince Edward, son to king Henry the Sixth. 


12. MATTHEW BROWN, Arm. I would be highly thankful 
to him (gratitude is the gold wherewith scholars honestly dis 
charge their debts in this kind) who would inform me how Sir 
Anthony Brown (a younger branch of this family) stood related 
to this sheriff: I mean that Sir Anthony, standard-bearer of 
England, second husband to Lucy fourth daughter to John 
Nevell, marquis Montacute, and grandfather to Sir Anthony 
Brown, whom queen Mary created Viscount Montacute. He 
was a zealous Romanist, for which queen Mary loved him much 
the more, and queen Elizabeth no whit the less, trusting and 
employing him in embassies of high consequence, as knowing he 
embraced his religion, not out of politic design, but pure devotion. 
He was direct ancestor to the right honourable the present vis 
count Montacute. 

This viscount is eminently, but not formally, a baron of the 
land, having a place and vote in parliament by an express clause 
in his patent, but otherwise no particular title of a baron. This 
I observe for the unparalleled rarity thereof, and also to confute 
the peremptory position of such who maintain that only actual 
barons sit as peers in parliament. 


10. NICHOLAS CAREW, Mil. He was a jolly gentleman, fit 
for the favour of king Henry the Eighth, who loved active 
spirits, as could keep pace with him in all achievements, and 
made him knight of the Garter, and master of his horse. 

This Sir Nicholas built the fair house (or palace rather) at 
Beddington in this county, which, by the advantage of the 
water, is a paradise of pleasure. 

Tradition in this family reporteth, how king Henry, then at 
bowls, gave this knight opprobrious language, betwixt jest and 
earnest ; to which the other returned an answertather true than 
discreet, as more consulting therein his own animosity than 
allegiance. The king, who in this kind would give and not 
take, being no good fellow in tart repartees, was so highly 

* Of this family is the present noble Earl of Ashburnham ; whose ancestor, Joh n 
jurnham, Esq. was created a baron in 1689 ; he had two sons, of whom the 
youngest, John, was created Viscount and Earl in 1730 E. 


offended thereat, that Sir Nicholas fell from the top of his 
favour to the bottom of his displeasure, and was bruised to 
death thereby. This was the true cause of his execution, 
though in our chronicles all is scored on his complying in a 
plot with Henry marquis of Exeter, and Henry lord Mon 

We must not forget, how, in the memory of our fathers, the 
last of this surname adopted his near kinsman, a Throckmor- 
ton, to be his heir, on condition to assume the name and arms 
of Carew. From him is lineally descended Sir Nicholas Carew, 
knight, who, I confidently hope, will continue and increase the 
honour of his ancient family. 


1, THOMAS GARDEN, Miles. Some five years before, this 
knight was improbable to be sheriff of this or any other county, 
when cunning Gardiner got him into his clutches within the 
compass of the Six Articles, being with a lady (and some others 
of the king s privy chamber) indicted for heresy, and for aiding 
and abetting Anthony Persons, burnt at Windsor, as is before- 
mentioned.* But king Henry coming to the notice hereof, of 
his special goodness, without the suit of any man, defeated 
their foes, preserved their lives, and confirmed their pardon.f 


20. GEORGE GORING. He would do me a high favour, 
who would satisfy me how Sir George Goring, knight (bred in 
Sydney College in Cambridge, to which he w r as a benefactor) 
referred in kindred to this present sheriff. 

This our Sir George was by king Charles the First created 
Baron of Hurst-per- Point in Sussex, and (after the death of his 
mother s brother, Edward lord Denny) Earl of Norwich. He is 
a phoenix, sole and single by himself (vestigia sola retrorsum), 
the only instance in a person of honour who found pardon for 
no offence, his loyalty to his sovereign. Afterwards, going be 
yond the seas, he was happily instrumental in advancing the 
peace betwixt Spain and Holland. I remember how the nobi 
lity of Bohemia, who sided with Frederic prince Palatine, gave 
for their motto, " COMPASSI CONREGNABIMUS ;" meaning that 
such who had suffered with him in his adversity should share 
with him in his prosperity, when settled in his kingdom. But 
alas ! their hopes failed them. But, blessed be God, this worthy 
lord, as he patiently bare his part in his Majesty s afflictions, so 
he now partaketh in his restitution, being captain of his guard. 

May he be pleased to behold this my brief description of 

* Berkshire, title MARTYRS. f Fox s Martyrology, p. 1221. 


Surrey, as a running collation to stay his stomach no set meal 
to satisfy his hunger. But, to tell him good news, I hear that 
a plentiful feast in this kind is providing for his entertainment, 
by Edward Bish, Esq. a native of SURREY, intending a particu 
lar survey thereof.* Now, as when the sun ariseth, the moon 
sneaketh down obscurely, without any observation : so, when the 
pains of this worthy gentleman shall be public, I am not only 
contented, but desirous, that my weak endeavours (without 
further noise or notice) should sink in silence. 


I have been credibly informed, that one Mr. Clarke, some 
seven-score years since, built at his charges the market-house of 
Farnham in this county. Once, reproving his workmen for 
going on so slowly, they excused themselves that they were 
hindered with much people pressing upon them, some liking, 
some disliking, the model of the fabric. 

Hereupon Mr. Clarke caused this distich (hardly extant at 
this day) to be written in that house : 

" You who do like me give money to end me ; 
You who dislike me give money to mend me." 

I wish this advice practised all over this county, by those 
who vent their various verdicts in praising or reproving" struc 
tures erected gratis for the general good. 



Archibald ARGYLE, third duke, lord keeper of Scotland ; born 

at Ham-house, Petersham; died 1761. 
John ARGYLE, brother, second duke, statesman and general ; 

born at Ham-house 1680. 
John BACON, eminent sculptor; born at Southwark 1740; 

died 1799. 
Josiah BACON, benefactor to his native parish ; born at Ber- 

mondsey ; died 1718. 
Henry St. John BOLINGBROKE, viscount, statesman and phi- 

!sopher; born at Battersea 1672 ; died 1751. 
William COBBETT, M.P. political writer; born at Farnham 

1762; died 1835. 
Dr. Samuel CROXHALL, archdeacon of Salop, and author; 

born at Walton-upon-Thames ; died 1752. 
oir John Thos. DUCKWORTH, admiral; born at Leatherhead 

1748, or 1749. 

See more of him in the Life of Nicholas Upton, in Devonshire. F. 


Sir Philip FRANCIS, political writer, and presumed author of 
the " Letters of Junius;" born 1748 ; died 1818. 

Edward GIBBON, author of " The Decline and Fall of the 
Roman Empire;" born at Putney 1731 ; died 1794. 

N. HARDINGE, clerk of the House of Commons, Latin poet; 
born at Canbury 1700. 

Edward LOVIBOND, scholar and poet; died 1775- 

Rev. T. R. MALTHUS, author of the celebrated " Essay on 
Population;" born at Albury 1766; died 1835. 

Israel MAUDUIT, political writer; born at Bermondsey 1708. 

Richard MOUNTENEY, lawyer, and classical editor; born at 
Putney 1707- 

John PARTRIDGE, the celebrated astrologer; born at East 
Sheen; died 1715. 

Charlotte SMITH, elegant poetess ; born at Stoke near Guild- 
ford, or Bignor Park, Sussex, 1749. 

Augustus Montague TOPLADY, champion of the Calvinists ; 
born at Farnham 1740; died 1788. 

Robert WOOD, mathematician, and parliamentarian; born at 
Pepperharrow ; died 1685. 

Basil WOODD, divine and author; born at Richmond 1760. 

%* The county of Surrey has been admirably illustrated by the pen of the his 
torian and the pencil of the artist. John Norden, who made a complete survey of 
the county, was among the earliest of its topographers. Mr. Aubrey also made 
a survey, and perambulated the whole county ; and his labours were revised 
and published by Dr. Rawlinson, under the title of The Natural History and Anti 
quities of the County of Surrey ; the work being commenced in 1673, and completed 
in 1719. In 1736, Mr. N. Salmon brought out his Antiquities of Surrey, collected 
from the ancient records. These works, however, were in a measure superseded 
by the labours of the Rev. O. Manning, which were continued by the inde 
fatigable exertions of Mr. W. Bray, and completed, in three vols. folio, in 1804. 
In addition to these we have -various Works of a local nature ; the principal of 
which are, the Histories of Croydon, by Dr. Ducarel (1783), and by the Rev. D.W. 
Garrow (1818) ; of Lambeth, by Dr. Ducarel (1785), by J. Nichols (17S6), by the 
Rev. S. Denne (1795), and by T. Allen (1828); History of St. Saviour s, South- 
warV, by Concanen and Morgan (1795) ; Promenade round Dorking (1824) ; Sir 
W. Chambers Account of Kew Gardens, &c. ED. 


SUSSEX hath Surrey on the north, Kent on the east, the sea 
on the south, and Hampshire on the west. It is extended 
along the sea-side three-score miles in length, but is contented 
with a third of those miles in the breadth thereof. A fruitful 
county, though very dirty for the travellers therein, so that it 
may be better measured to its advantage by days journeys than 
by miles. Hence it is, that, in the late order for regulating 
the wages of coachmen, at such a price a day and distance from 
London, Sussex alone was excepted, as wherein shorter way or 
better pay was allowed. Yet the gentry of this county well 
content themselves in the very badness of passage therein, as 
which secureth their provisions at reasonable prices ; which, if 
mended, Higlers would mount, as bajvlating* them to Lon 

It is peculiar to this county, that all the rivers (and those, I 
assure you, are very many) have their fountains and falls in this 
shire (though one may seem somewhat suspicious) as being bred, 
living (though not to their full strength and stature of being na 
vigable), and dying therein, swallowed up by the sea. 

It is sufficient evidence of the plenty of this county, that the 
toll of the wheat, corn, and malt, growing or made about and 
sold in the city of Chichester, doth amount yearly, at a half 
penny a quarter, to sixty pounds and upwardsf (as the gatherers 
thereof will attest) ; and the numbers of the bushels we leave to 
be audited by better arithmeticians. 

I hath been said that the first baron, viscount, and earl in 
England,! all three have, and have had for some term of time, 
their chief residence in this county ; and it is more civility to 
:lieve all than to deny any part of the report, though, sure I 
am, this observation was discomposed at the death of the earl of 
Essex, since which time viscount Hereford is - the first person 
in England of that dignity. 

* Hence badgers. 

So was I informed by Mr. Peckham, the recorder of Chichester. F. 
d Abergavenny, Viscount Montacute, and the Earl of Arundel. 



Great the necessity hereof ; some nations having lived in the 
ignorance of gold and silver, scarce any without the use of iron. 
Indeed we read not of it in making the Tabernacle (though 
from no mention no use thereof therein cannot infallibly be in 
ferred), which being but a slight and portable building, brass 
might supply the want thereof. But in the Temple, which was 
a firmer fabric, we find " Iron for the things of Iron/ f and a 
hundred thousand talentsj of that metal employed therein. 

Great the quantity of iron made in this county ; whereof 
much used therein, and more exported thence into other parts 
of the land, and beyond the seas. But whether or no the pri 
vate profit thereby will at long-running countervail the public 
loss in the destruction of woods, I am as unwilling to discuss 
as unable to decide. Only let me add the ensuing complaint, 
wherein the timber-trees of this county deplore their condition, 
in my opinion richly worth the reader s perusal : 

" Jove s oak, the warlike ash, veined elm,, the softer beech 
Short hazel, maple plain, light asp, the bending wych, 
Tough holly, and smooth birch, must altogether burn : 
What should the builders serve, supplies the forgers turn ; 
When under public good, base private gain takes hold, 
And we poor woful Woods to ruin lastly sold." 

But it is to be hoped that a way may be found out, to charke 
sea-coal in such manner as to render it useful for the making of 
iron. All things are not found out in one age, as reserved for 
future discovery ; and that perchance may be easy for the next, 
which seems impossible to this generation. 


Talc (in Latin talchum) is a cheap kind of mineral, which 
this county plentifully affords, though not so fine as what is 
fetched from Venice. It is white and transparent like crystal, 
full of streaks or veins, which prettily scatter themselves. Be 
ing calcined and variously prepared, it maketh a curious white 
wash, which some justify lawful, because clearing not changing 
complexion. It is a great astringent, yet used but little in phy 
sic. Surely Nature would not have made it such a hypocrite, 
to hang out so fair a sign, except some guest of quality were 
lodged therein ; I mean, it would not appear so beautiful to the 
eye, except some concealed worth were couched therein ; inclin 
ing me to believe that the virtue thereof is not yet fully disco 

* Sussex has for some time ceased to be the county from which iron is princi 
pally obtained. ED. f l Chronicles, xxix. 2. { Ibidem, xxix. 7. 



Wheat-ears is a bird peculiar to this county, hardly found out 
of it. It is so called, because fattest when wheat is ripe, 
whereon it feeds ; being no bigger than a lark, which it equal- 
leth in the fineness of the flesh, far exceedeth in the fatness 
thereof. The worst is, that being only seasonable in the heat of 
summer, and naturally larded with lumps of fat, it is soon sub 
ject to corrupt, so that (though abounding within forty miles) 
London poulterers have no mind to meddle with them, which 
no care in carriage can keep from putrefaction. That palate- 
man shall pass in silence, who, being seriously demanded 
his judgment concerning the abilities of a great lord, concluded 
him a man of very weak parts, " because once he saw him, at a 
great feast, feed on chickens when there were wheat-ears on the 

I will add no more in praise of this bird, for fear some 
female reader may fall in longing for it, and unhappily be disap 
pointed of her desire. 


It is a stately fish, but not long naturalized in England ;* 
and of all fresh-water fishes (the eel only excepted) lives longest 
out of his proper element. They breed (which most other fishes 
do not) several months in one year ; though in cold ponds they 
take no comfort to increase. A learned writerf observeth, they 
live but ten years ; though others assign them a far longer 

They are the better for their age and bigness^ (a rule which 
holds not in other fishes) ; and their tongues by ancient Roman 
palate-men were counted most delicious meat; though, to speak 
properly, they have either no tongues in their mouths, or all 
their mouths are tongues, as filled with a carneous substance, 
whilst their teeth are found in their throats. There is a kind 
of frog which is a professed foe unto them ; insomuch, that of 
a hundred carps put into a pond, not five of them have been 
found therein a year after. And though some may say per 
chance two-legged frogs stole them away, yet the strict care of 
their owners in watching them disproved all suspicion thereof. 

Now as this county is eminent for both sea and river fish, 
namely an Arundel mullet, a Chichester lobster, a Shelsey 
cockle, and an Amerly trout ; so Sussex aboundeth with more 
carps than any other of this nation. And though not 
so great as Jovius reporteth to be found in the Lurian lake in 

See hereafter, under the MEMORABLE PERSONS in this County. 
Sir Francis Bacon, in his " History of Life and Death." 
Gesnar and Janus Dubranius. 
Mr. Isack Walton, in his "Complete Angler." 


Italy, weighing more than fifty pounds,* yet those generally of 
great and goodly proportion. I need not add, that physicians 
account the galls of carps, as also a stone in their heads, to be 
medicinable ; only I will observe that, because Jews will not 
eat caviare made of sturgeon (because coming from a fish wanting 
scales, and therefore forbidden in the Levitical lawf) ; there 
fore the Italians make greater profit of the spawn of carps, 
whereof they make a red caviare, well pleasing the Jews both 
in palate and conscience. 

All I will add of carps is this, that Ramus himself doth not 
so much redound in dichotomies as they do ; seeing no one 
bone is to be found in their body, which is not forked or di 
vided into two parts at the end thereof. 


It is almost incredible how many are made of the iron in this 
county. Count Gondomer well knew their goodness, when of 
king .Tames he so often begged the boon to transport them. 

A monk of Mentz (some three hundred years since) is gene 
rally reputed the first founder of them. Surely ingenuity may 
seem transposed, and to have crossed her hands, when about 
the same time a soldier found out printing; and it is question 
able which of the two inventions hath done more good, or more 
harm. As for guns, it cannot be denied, that though most be 
hold them as instruments of cruelty; partly, because subjecting 
valour to chance ; partly, because guns give no quarter (which 
the sword sometimes doth) ; yet it will appear that, since their 
invention, victory hath riot stood so long a neuter, and hath been 
determined with the loss of fewer lives. Yet do I not believe 
what soldiers commonly say, " that he was cursed in his mo 
ther s belly, who is killed with a cannon/ seeing many prime 
persons have been slain thereby. 

Such as desire to know the pedigree and progress of great 
guns in England may be pleased to take notice, 1. Anno 1535, 
John Oaven was the first Englishman, who in England cast 
brass ordnance, cannons, culverings, &c.J 2. Peter Baud, a 
Frenchman, in the first of king Edward the Sixth, was the first 
who in England cast iron ordnance, falcons, falconers, minions, 
&c. 3. Thomas Johnson, covenant-servant to Peter aforesaid, 
succeeded and exceeded his master, casting them clearer and 
better. He died about 1600. 

Some observe, that God hath so equally divided the advan- 

* Mr. Pennant notices, from Jovius, that they were sometimes taken in the La- 
cus Lurius, of two hundred pounds weight, but of his own knowledge could speak 
of none that exceeded twenty. Others are reported to have been taken in the 
Dneister, that were five feet in length ED. 

f Leviticus xi. 12. J Stow s Annals, p. 572. Idem, p. 584, 



tage of weapons between us and Spain, that their steel makes 
the best swords, our iron the most useful ordnance, 


Plenty hereof is made in this county, though not so fine as 
what Tyre affordeth, fetched from the river Belus and the Cen- 
devian lake ; nor so pure as is wrought at Chiosa nigh Venice, 
whereof the most refined falls but one degree short of crystal ; 
but the coarse glasses here serve well enough for the* common 
sort, for vessels to drink in. The workmen in this mystery are 
much increased since 1557, as may appear by what I read in an 
author writing that very year :* 

" As for glass-makers they be scant in this land, 
Yet one there is as I do understand, 
And in Sussex is now his habitation, 
At Chiddingsfold he works of his occupation." 

These brittle commodities are subject to breaking upon any 
casualty ; and hereupon I must transmit a passage to posterity, 
which I received from an author beyond exceptions. 

A nobleman, who shall be nameless, living not many miles 
from Cambridge (and highly in favour with the earl of Leicester) 
begged of queen Elisabeth all the plate of that university, as 
useful for scholars, and more for state than service, for super 
fluity than necessity. The queen granted his suit, upon con 
dition to find glasses for the scholars. The lord considering 
this might amount to more than his barony would maintain 
(except he could compass the Venetian artist, who, as they say, 
could make " vitra sine vitio fragilitatis pellucida ;" yea, could 
consolidate glass to make it malleable) let his petition, which 
was as charitable as discreet, sink in silence. 

By the way be it observed, that though coarse glass-making 
was, in this county, of great antiquity, yet " the first making of 
Venice glasses in England began at the Crotchet Friars in Lon 
don, about the beginning of the reign of queen Elizabeth, by 
one Jacob Venaline, an Italian/ f 


CHICHESTER Cathedral is a fine fabric, built (after it had 
been twice consumed with fire) by bishop Seffride (the second 
of the name) about the year 1193. Country folk are confident 
in their tradition, that the master-workman built Salisbury, and 
his man the church of Chichester ; and if so, " sequitur Domi- 

num non passibus sequis." But proportion of time 

confuteth the conceit, seeing Seffride flourished under king 

John, and bishop Poor (the founder of Salisbury) 

lived much later under king Henry the Third. 

Now though Seffride bestowed the cloth and making on the 

Thomas Charnock, in his Breviary of Philosophy, cap. i 
f Stow s Chronicle, p. 1040. 


church, bishop Sherborne gave the trimming and best lace 
thereto in the reign of king Henry the Seventh. I am sorry I 
can follow the allegory so far, being informed that now it is not 
only seam-ript, but torn in the whole cloth, having lately a 
great part thereof fallen down to the ground. 

ARUNDEL, Castle is of great esteem, the rather because a local 
earldom is cemented to the walls thereof. Some will have it so 
named from Arundel, the horse of Beavoice the champion. I con 
fess it is not without precedent in antiquity, for places to take 
names from horses, meeting with the promontory Bucephalus in 
Peloponnesus,* where some report the horse of Alexander buried ; 
and Bellonius will have it for the same cause called Cavalla at 
this day. But this castle was so called long before that imagi 
nary horse was foaled, who cannot be fancied elder than his mas 
ter Beavoice, flourishing after the Conquest, long before which 
Arundel was so called from the river Arund running hard by it. 

PETWORTH, the house of the earls of Northumberland, is most 
famous for a stately stable, the best of any subject s in Chris 
tendom. Comparisons must move in their own spheres, and 
princes only are meet to measure with princes. Tell me not 
therefore of the duke of Saxony s stable at Dresden, wherein 
are a hundred twenty and eight horses of service (with a maga 
zine out of which he can arm thirty thousand horse and foot at 
a day s warning), that elector being the most potent prince in 
the empire. But is not the proportion fair, that Petworth 
stable affordeth standing in state for three-score horse with all 
necessary accommodations ? 


Expect not here I should insert what William of Newbury 
writeth (to be recounted rather amongst the untruths than won 
ders), viz. " That in this county, not far from Battle abbey, 
in the place where so great a slaughter of the Englishmen was 
made, after any shower, presently sweateth forth very fresh 
blood out of the earth, as if the evidence thereof did plainly de 
clare the voice of blood there shed, and crieth still from the 
earth unto the Lord." 

This is as true, as thatin white chalky countries (about Baldock in 
Hertfordshire) after rain run rivulets of milk ; neither being any 
thing else than the water discoloured, according to the com 
plexion of the earth thereabouts. 


" He is none of the Hastings. *] 

This proverb, though extended all over England, is properly 
reduceable to this county as originated there ; for there is a 
a haven town named Hastings therein, which some erroneously 

* Mela, Pausanias, Ptolemy, Pliny. 
R 2 


conceive so called from haste or speed, because William the 
[afterwards] Conqueror, landing there, did, as Matthew Paris 
sayeth, with haste, or speedily, erect some small fortification. But 
sure it is that there is a noble and ancient family of the Hastings 
in this land (I will not say first taking their name from this 
town), who formerly were earls of Pembroke, and still are of 

Now men commonly say, They are none of the Hastings, who 
being slow and slack go about business with no agility. Such 
they also call dull dromedaries by a foul mistake, merely be 
cause of the affinity of that name to our English word dreaming, 
applied to such who go slowiy and sleepily about their employ 
ment ; whereas indeed dromedaries are creatures of a constant 
and continuing swiftness, so called from the Greek word fyo/zoe, 
cursus, or a race ; and are the cnrsitors for travel for the Eastern 


Grievous the persecution in this county under John Christo- 
pherson the bishop thereof. Such his havoc in burning poor 
Protestants in one year, that had he sat long in that see, and con 
tinued after that rate, there needed no iron mills to rarefy the 
woods of this county, which this BONXER, junior, would have 
done of himself. 

_ I confess, the Papists admire him as a most able and profound 
divine ; which mindeth me of an epigram made by one who, 
being a suitor to a surly and scornful mistress, after he had 
largely praised her rare parts and divine perfections, con 

" She hath too much divinity for me : 

Oh! that she had some more humanity !" 

The same may this diocese say of Christopherson, who, 
though carrying much of Christ in his surname, did bear no 
thing of him in his nature ; no meekness, mildness, or mercy ; 
being addicted wholly to cruelty and destruction ; burning no 
fewer than ten in one fire in Lewes, and seventeen others at 
several times in sundry places. 


HERBERT de BOSHAM was born at Bosham, a goodly manor 
in this county* (which earl Godwin craftily kissed out of the 
archbishop of Canterbury t) ; and, being a good scholar, he was 
a manubns (I mean to write not to fight for him) unto Thomas 
Becket archbishop of Canterbury. He was present at his 
murder-martyring ; and had the discretion to make no resistance, 
lest he had been sent the same way with his master. However, 
amongst many other books, he wrote the story of his master s 
death. Going over into Italy, he was, by Pope Alexander the Third, 

Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of Cardinals, p. 165. 
t Camden s Britannia, in Sussex. 


made archbishop of Beneventum ; and, in the month of De 
cember 1178, created cardinal; but by what title it is unknown, 
as also is the exact date of his death. 


JOHN PECKHAM, born of obscure parents in this county ;* 
bred, when a boy, in Lewes ; when a youth, a Franciscan in 
Oxford ; when a young man, in Paris ; when a man, he lived in 
Lyons (where he became canon) ; when a grave man, in Rome, 
there made auditor of causes in that court ; when an old man, 
in Canterbury, preferred against his will (except out of cunning 
he would seem courted into what he coveted), by the Pope s 
plenary power to be archbishop thereof. 

Peckham believed the pope invited him freely to that place, 
when soon after he was called upon to pay a sad reckoning, no 
less than four thousand marks. A worthy man he was in his 
place, who neither feared the laity nor flattered the clergy, im 
partially imposing on both (if appearing peccant) most severe 
penance. He was a great punisher of pluralists, and enjoiner of 

His canon s place at Lyons he not only kept during his life, 
but left it to his successors, who held it in commendam some 
hundred years afterwards. Loath they were to part with it, as 
a safe retreating place in case our English kings should banish 
them the realm : besides it was a convenient inn for them to 
lodge at, as almost in the midway of their journey betwixt Can 
terbury and Rome. 

He sat archbishop almost fourteen years ; built and endowed 
a college at Wingham; yet left a great estate to his kindred. 
I believe his wealth well gotten, because the land purchased 
therewith hath lasted so long in the lineage of his allies, in this 
and the next county, even to our age. He died anno Domini 

ROBERT WINCHELSEY. Although Bishop Godwinf saith, 
" Ubi natus traditur, opinor, a nemine " yet, considering the 
custom of the clergy in that age, none can doubt his birth in this 
county, except any should deny Winchelsea to be therein. He 
was bred in the neighbouring shire of Kent, where he was such 
a proficient in grammar learning, all did foretell that he [then 
the arch-scholar in the school] in due time would be archbishop 
of the see of Canterbury. 

He was afterwards admitted in Merton College in Oxford ; 

went thence to Paris, where he took the degree of master of 

arts, and became rector (perchance no more than a regent 

amongst us) of that university. Returning to Oxford, he there 

The substance of his life is taken out of Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of 
Archbishops of Canterbury. 

f Out of whom the substance is taken of what followeth. 


proceeded doctor of divinity, and became chancellor thereof; 
successively canon of Paul s, archdeacon of Essex, and archbi 
shop of Canterbury. He went to Home, to procure his pall of 
Pope Celestine. 

This is that Celestine, formei ly an Eremite, whom a cardinal 
(afterward his successor by the name of Boniface the Eighth) 
persuaded, by a voice through a hollow trunk, to resign his 
Popedom, and return into the wilderness ; which he did accord 
ingly. Herein his Holiness did trust the spirit before he did 
try it,* contrary to the counsel of the apostle. But this Pope, 
appearing fallible in his chamber, if in his chair, and consulting 
his conclave of cardinals, no doubt would not have been de 

He easily obtained his pall, and refused a cardinal s cap 
offered unto him. Returning to Canterbury, he was there so 
lemnly enthroned, and on the same day consecrated one bishop, 
bestowed twelve rich benefices on twelve doctors, and twelve 
meaner livings on as many bachelors in divinity. 

Confiding in the canon of the council of Lyons, which for 
bad the clergy to pay any taxes to princes without the consent 
of the Pope, he created much molestation to himself, king Ed 
ward the First using him very harshly, till at last he overcame 
all with his patience. For the main, he was a worthy prelate 
and excellent preacher. Being learned himself, he loved and 
preferred learned men. Prodigious his hospitality, being reported 
that Sundays and Fridays he fed no fewer than four thousand 
men when corn was cheap, and five thousand when it was dear ;f 
and because it shall not be said but my belief can be as large 
as his bounty, I give credit thereunto. Otherwise it seemeth 
suspicious, as a mock-imitation of those self-same numbers of 
persons, which Christ, at two several times,J miraculously fed 
with loaves and fishes. His charity went home to them which 
could not come to it, sending to such who were absented by 
their impotencies. 

After his death, happening anno Domini 1313, he was ac 
counted (though not the Pope s) the poor man s saint (bounti 
ful men will always be canonized in the calendar of beggars) ; 
poor people repairing in flocks to the place of his burial, and 
superstitiously praying unto him ; and they could best tell whe 
ther they found as much benefit from his tomb when dead, as 
at his table when living. 

THOMAS BRADWARI>TNE was descended of an ancient fa 
mily at Bradwardine in Herefordshire, who removing thence 

1 John iv. 1. 

t Godwin, in his Catalogue of Bishops of Canterbury, p. 147. 

Matthew xv. 38, and xiv. 21. 

Bale, Mr. Parker in Antiquitates Britannicae, J. Pits, Bishop Godwin, and 
Sn Henry Savile, in his Life prefaced to his book " De causa Dei." 


had settled themselves for three generations in this county 
where this Thomas was born, in or near the city of Chichester. 
He was bred fellow of Merton College in Oxford, where he 
became a most exquisite mathematician and deep divine, being 
commonly called Doctor Profundus. He was confessor to king 
Edward the Third ; and some impute our great conquest in 
France, not so much to the prowess of that king, as to the 
prayers of this his chaplain. He constantly preached in the 
camp, industry to officers, obedience to common soldiers, humi 
lity to all in good, patience in bad success. He exhorted them 
to be pious to God, dutiful to their king, pitiful to all captives ; 
to be careful in making, faithful in keeping articles with their 
enemies. After the death of Stratford, he was made archbishop 
of Canterbury ; and at Avignon (where the Pope then resided) 
received his consecration. Here he was accounted uypoiwrfpos 
somewhat clownish, by the Romish court; partly because 
he could not mode it with the Italians, but chiefly because, 
money being the general turnkey to preferment in that place, 
he was merely advanced for his merit. 

But that which most recommended his memory to posterity, 
is that worthy book he made de Causa Dei, wherein speaking 
of Pelagius, he complaineth in his second book, that, totus 
psene mundus, ut timeo et doleo, post hunc abiit, et erroribus 
ejus favet," (I fear and lament that almost the whole world 
runs after him, and favours his errors.) Bradwardine, there 
fore, undertook to be champion for grace and God s cause, 
against such who were not (( defensores, sed deceptores, sed in- 
flatores, sed prsecipitatores liberi arbitrii," as Augustine* call- 
eth them ; and as the same father saith of Cicero, " dum liberos 
homines esse volunt, faciunt sacrilegos/ t He died at Lam 
beth, in October, anno Domini 1349. 

THOMAS ARUNDELL was the fourth archbishop of Canter 
bury who was born in this county : son he was to Robert, bro 
ther to Richard Fitz Alen, both earls of Arundell. Herein he 
standeth alone by himself, that the name Arundell speaks him 
both nobleman and clergyman ; the title of his father s honour, 
and place of his own birth, meeting both in the castle of Arun 

It was either his nobility, or ability, or both, which in him 
did siipplere cetatem, qualifying him to be bishop of Ely at 
twenty-two years of age.J He was afterwards archbishop of 
York, and at last of Canterbury 1396 ; and three several times 
lord] chancellor of England, viz. in the tenth of Richard the 
Second, 1386: in the fifteenth of Richard the Second,- 1391 ; 
the eleventh of Henry the Fourth, 1410. 

* Augustine de Gratia, et Libero Arbitrio, cap. l-l. 

t Idem, de Civitate Dei, lib. v. cap. 9- 

\ Godwin, in the Archbishops of Canterbury. 



By king Richard the Second, when his brother the earl of 
Arundell was beheaded, this Thomas was banished the land. 
Let him thank his Orders for saving his life; the tonsure of his 
hair for the keeping of his head; who otherwise had been sent 
the same path and pace with his brother. 

Returning in the first of king Henry the Fourth, he was re 
stored to his archbishopric. Such who commend his courage 
for being the church s champion, when a powerful party in 
parliament pushed at the revenues thereof, condemn his cruelty 
to the Wickliffites, being the first who persecuted them with 
fire and faggot. As for the manner of his death, we will nei 
ther carelessly wink at it, nor curiously stare on it ; but may 
with a serious look solemnly behold it. He who had stopped 
the mouths of so many servants of God from preaching his 
word, was himself famished to death by a swelling in his throat. 
But seeing we bear in our bodies the seeds of all sicknesses (as 
of all sins in our souls) it is not good to be over-bold and busy 
in our censures on such casualties. He died February 20, 1413, 
and lieth buried in his cathedral at Canterbury. 

Reader, for the greater credit of this county, I put there 
four archbishops together ; otherwise bishop Burwash (follow 
ing hereafter) in time preceded the two latter. 

HENRY BURWASH, so named, saith my author,* (which is 
enough for my discharge) from Burwash, a town in this county. 
He was one of noble alliance. And when this is said, all is 
said to his commendation, being otherwise neither good for 
church nor state, sovereign nor subjects ; covetous, ambitious, 
rebellious, injurious. 

Say not, " what makes him here then amongst the Worthies ?" 
For, though neither ethically nor theologically, yet historically 
he was remarkable, affording something for our information, 
though not imitation. 

He was recommended by his kinsman Bartholomew de Badi- 
lismer (baron of Leeds in Kent) to king Edward the Second, 
who preferred him bishop of Lincoln. It was not long before, 
falling into the king s displeasure, his temporalities were seized 
on, and afterwards on his submission restored. Here, instead 
of new gratitude, retaining his old grudge, he \vas most forward 
to assist the queen in the deposing of her husband.f He was 
twice lord treasurer, once chancellor,^ and once sent over am 
bassador to the duke of Bavaria. He died anno Domini 

Such as mind to be merry may read the pleasant story of his 
apparition, being condemned after death to be viridis virida- 
rius (a green forester,) because in his lifetime he had violently 

* Weever s Funeral Monuments, p. 213. 
t Godwin, in the Bishops of Lincoln, 
t J. Philipot, in his Catalogue of Chancellors. 


enclosed other men s grounds into his park. Surely such fic 
tions keep up the best park of Popery (purgatory], whereby 
their fairest game and greatest gain is preserved.* 


WILLIAM BARLOW, D.D. My industry hath not been 
wanting in quest of the place of his nativity ; but all in vain. 
Seeing, therefore, I cannot fix his character on his cradle, I am 
resolved (rather than omit him) to fasten it on his coffin, this 
county wherein he had his last preferment. 

A man he was of much motion and promotion. First, I find 
him canon regular of St. Osith s in Essex, and then prior of 
Bisham in Berkshire; then preferred by king Henry the 
Eighth, bishop of St. Asaph, and consecrated February 22, 
1535 ; translated thence, the April following, to St. David s, 
remaining thirteen years in that see. In the third of king Ed 
ward the Sixth, he was removed to the bishopric of Bath and 
Wells. Flying the land in the reign of queen Mary, he became 
superintendent of the English congregation at Embden. Coming 
back into England, by queen Elizabeth he was advanced bishop 
of Chichester. 

It is a riddle, why he chose rather to enter into new first- 
fruits, and begin at Chichester, than return to Bath, a better 
bishopric, Some suggest, that he was loath to go back to Bath, 
having formerly consented to the expilation of that bishopric ; 
whilst others make his consent to signify nothing, seeing em 
powered sacrilege is not so mannerly as to ask any, By your 

He had a numerous and prosperous female issue, as appear- 
eth by the epitaph on his wife s monument, in a church in 
Hampshire, though one shall get no credit in translating them : 

Hie Agathce tumulus Barloi, preesulis inde, 

Emlis inde, iterum praisulis, uxor erat. 
Prole beatafuit, plena annis ; qidnque suarum, 

Preesulibus vidit, prtzsulis ipsa, datas. 

" Barlow s wife, Agathe, doth here remain ; 
Bishop, then exile, bishop then again. 
So long she lived, so well his children sped, 
She saw five bishops, herjioe daughters wed." 

Having sat about ten years in his see, he peaceably ended his 
life, December 10, 1569. 

WILLIAM JUXON was born at Chichester in this county, 
bred fellow in Saint John s college in Oxford, where he pro 
ceeded bachelor of law ; very young, but very able for that 
degree ; and afterwards became doctor in the same faculty, and 
president of the college. 

One in whom nature had not omitted, but grace hath ordered, 

* Godwin, in the Bishops of Lincoln- 


the tetrarch humour of choler, being admirably master of his 
pen and his passion. .For his abilities, he was successively pre 
ferred, by king Charles the First, bishop of Hereford and Lon 
don, and for some years lord treasurer of England ; a trouble 
some place in those times, it being expected that he should 
make much brick (though not altogether without, yet) with 
very little straw allowed unto him. Large then the expenses, 
low the revenues of the Exchequer. Yet those coffers which he 
found empty, he left filling ; and had left full, had peace been 
preserved in the land, and he continued in his place. Such 
the mildness of his temper, that petitioners for money (when it 
was not to be had) departed well pleased with his denials, they 
were so civilly languaged. It may justly seem a wonder, that, 
whereas few spake well of bishops at that time, (and l6rd trea 
surers at all times are liable to the complaints of a discontented 
people) , though both offices met in this man, yet, with Deme 
trius, " he was well reported of all men, and of the truth 

He lived to see much shame and contempt undeservedly 
poured on his function ; and all the while possessed his own 
soul in patience. He beheld those of his order to lose their votes 
in parliament; and their insulting enemies hence concluded 
(loss of speech being a sad symptom of approaching death) that 
their final extirpation would follow, whose own experience at 
this day giveth the lie to their malicious collection. Nor was 
it the least part of this prelate s honour, that, amongst the 
many worthy bishops of our land, king Charles the First selected 
him for his confessor at his martyrdom. He formerly had had 
experience (in the case of the earl of Strafford) that this 
bishop s conscience was bottomed on piety, not policy; the 
reason that from him he received the sacrament, good comfort 
and counsel, just before he was murdered. I say just before 
that royal martyr was murdered; a fact so foul, that it alone 
may confute the error of the Pelagians ; maintaining, " that all 
sin cometh by imitation/ the universe not formerly affording 
such a precedent ; as if those regicides had purposely designed 
to disprove the observation of Solomon, that " there is no new 
thing under the sun." King Charles the Second, anno Domini 
1660, preferred him archbishop of Canterbury ; which place he 
worthily graceth at the writing hereof, February 1, 1660, 

ACCEPTUS FREWEN, D.D. was born at Northiam in this 
county, bred fellow of Magdalen college in Oxford, and after 
wards became president thereof; and, after some mediate pre 
ferments, was, by king Charles the First, advanced bishop of 
Coventry and Lichfield ; and since, by king Charles the Second, 
made archbishop of York. 

3 John 12. 


But the matter whereof porcelain or china dishes are made, 
must be ripened many years in the earth before it comes to full 
perfection. The living are not the proper objects of the his 
torian s pen, who may be misinterpreted to flatter, even when 
he falls short of their due commendation, the reason why I add 
no more in the praise of this worthy prelate. 

As to the nativities of archbishops, one may say of this 
county, " Many shires have done worthily, but Sussex sur- 
mounteth them all ;" having bred five archbishops of Canter 
bury ; and at this instant claiming for her natives the two 
metropolitans of our nation. 


THOMAS SACKVILL, son and heir to Sir Richard Sackvill 
(chancellor and sub-treasurer of the Exchequer, and privy-coun 
cillor to queen Elizabeth) by Winifred his wife, daughter to Sir 
John Bruges, was bred in the university of Oxford, where he 
became an excellent poet, leaving both Latin and English 
poems of his composing to posterity.* Then studied he law in 
the Temple, and took the degree of barrister ;f afterward he 
travelled into foreign parts, detained for a time a prisoner in 
Rome, whence his liberty was procured for his return into Eng 
land, to possess the vast inheritance left him by his father, 
whereof in short time, by his magnificent prodigality, he spent 
the greatest part, till he seasonably began to spare, growing 
near to the bottom of his estate. 

The story goes, that this young gentleman coming to an 
alderman of London, who had gained great pennyworths by 
his former purchases of him, was made (being now in the wane 
of his wealth) to wait the coming down of the alderman so long, 
that his generous humour being sensible of the incivility of 
such attendance, resolved to be no more beholding to wealthy 
pride, and presently turned a thrifty improver of the remainder 
of his estate. If this be true, I could wish that all aldermen 
would state it on the like occasion, on condition their noble 
debtors would but make so good use thereof. 

But others make him a convert of queen Elizabeth (his cou- 
sin-german once removed), who by her frequent admonitions 
diverted the torrent of his profusion. Indeed she would not 
know him, till fae began to know himself, and then heaped 
places of honour and trust upon him, creating him, 1. Baron 
of Buckhurst in this county (the reason why we have placed 
him therein) anno Domini 1566. 2. Sending him ambassador 
into France, anno 1571 ; into the Low Countries, anno 1586. 

3. Making him knight of the order of the Garter, anno 1589. 

4. Appointing him treasurer of England, 1599. 

He was chancellor of the university of Oxford, where he 

* Mills, Catalogue of Honour, p. 412. f Idem, ibidem. 


entertained queen Elizabeth with a most sumptuous feast.* 

His elocution was good, but inditing better ; and therefore no 

wonder if his secretaries could not please him,t being a person 

of so quick dispatch, (faculties which yet run in the blood.) 

He took a roll of the names of all suitors, with the date of their 

first addresses ; and these in order had their hearing, so that a 

fresh man could not leap over the head of his senior, except 

in urgent affairs of state. 

Thus having made amends to his house for his mis-spent time, 
both in increase of estate and honour, being created earl of 
Dorset by king James, he died on the 19th of April, 1608. 


Sir JOHN JEFFRY, Knight, was born in this county, as I have 
been informed. It confirmeth me herein, because he left a fair 
estate in this shire (judges generally building their nest near the 
place where they were hatched), which descended to his daugh 
ter. He so profited in the study of our municipal law, that he 
was preferred secondary judge of the Common Pleas ; and 
thence advanced by queen Elizabeth, in Michaelmas term, the 
nineteenth of her reign, to be lord chief baron of the Exche 
quer, which place he discharged for the term of two years, to 
his great commendation. He left one only daughter and heir, 
married to Sir Edward Mountague (since baron of Boughton), 
by whom he had but one daughter, Elizabeth, married to Robert 
Bertie, earl of Lindsey, mother to the truly honourable Moun 
tague earl of Lindsey and lord great chamberlain of England. 
This worthy judge died in the twenty-first of queen Eliza 


The ABBOT of BATTLE. He is a pregnant proof, that one 

may leave no name and yet a good memory behind him. His 

Christian or surname cannot be recovered out of our chronicles, J 

winch hitherto I have seen. But take his worth as folio weth : 

King Richard the Second, in the beginning of his reign, was 

i nonage; and his council, some will say, in dotage; leaving 

the land and sea to defend themselves, whilst they indulged 

their private factions. 

This invited the French to invade this county, Avhere they 

id much mischief, plundering (the thing was known in England 

tore the name) the people thereof, and carrying away captive 

3 prior of Lewes. And no wonder if our abbot was startled 

ewith, seeing it may pass for a proverb in these parts : 

" Ware the abbot of Battle, 

When the prior of Lewes is taken prisoner." 

* Camden s Elizabeth, in p. 1592. 

t H^fSfTSJ* Re j? alia in his Character written by Sir Robert Naunton. 
nourished, Stow, Speed, &c. 


Wherefore (though no sheriff) he got together (as well as he 
might) the posse comitatus ; and, putting it in as good a pos 
ture of defence as the time would permit, marched to Winchel- 
sea, and fortified it. 

Some condemned him herein, it being incongruous for a cler 
gyman to turn soldier. They objected also, that he ought to 
have expected orders from above ; doing rectum but not rectc, 
for want of a commission. 

Others commended him ; to save and preserve being the 
most proper performance of a spiritual person, that " in hos- 
tes publicos, omnis homo miles : " that, though it be treason 
for any to fight a foe in a set field without command from the 
Supreme Power, yet one may (if he can) repel a rout of armed 
thieves invading a land ; the first being the fittest time for such 
a purpose, the occasion itself giving (though no express) an 
implicit commission for the same. This abbot rather used the 
shield than the sword, being only on the defensive side. 

Well, the French followed the abbot, and besieged him in the 
town of Winchelsea. In bravado they dared him to send out 
one, two, three, four, or more, to try the mastery in fight, to be 
encountered with an equal number. But the abbot refused to 
retail his men out in such parcels, alleging "that he was a 
spiritual person not to challenge but only defend." 

Then the French let fly their great guns ; and I take it to be 
the first and last time they were ever planted by a foreign enemy 
on the English continent, and then roared so loud, that they 
lost their voice, and have been (blessed be God) silent ever 

The enemy, perceiving that the country came in fast upon 
them, and suspecting they should be surrounded on all sides, 
were fain to make for France as fast as they could, leaving the 
town of Winchelsea behind them, in the same form and fashion 
wherein they found it. 

I behold this abbot as the saver, not only of Sussex but Eng 
land. For as doys, who have once gotten a haunt to worry 
sheep, do not leave off till they meet with their reward ; so, had 
not these French felt the smart as well as the sweet of the Eng 
lish plunder, our land (and this county especially) had never 
been free from their incursions. All this happened in the 
reign of king Richard the second, anno Domini 1378. 

Sir WILLIAM PELHAM, Knight, was a native of this county, 
whose ancient and wealthy family* hath long flourished at 
Laughton therein. His prudence in peace, and valour in war, 
caused queen Elizabeth to employ him in Ireland, where he was, 
by the privy council, appointed lord chief justice to govern 
that land, in the interim betwixt the death of Sir William 

* From whom descended the Earl of Chichester. ED. 



Drury, and the coming in of Arthur Gray, lord lieutenant of 

Say not that he did but stop a gap for a twelvemonth at the 
most; seeing it was such a gap., destruction had entered in 
thereat to the final ruin of that kingdom, had not his provi 
dence prevented it. For, in this juncture of time, Desmund 
began his rebellion, 1579, inviting Sir William to side with 
him, who wisely gave him the hearing, with a smile into the bar 
gain.* And although our knight (for want of force) could not 
cure the wound, yet he may be said to have washed and kept 
it clean, resigning it in a recovering condition to the lord Gray, 
who succeeded him. Afterwards he was sent over into the Low 
Countries, 1586, being commander of the English horse therein ; 
and my author saith of him, Brabantiam persultabat," (he 
leaped through Brabantf), importing celerity and success, 
yea as much conquest as so sudden an expedition was capable 
I suspect he survived not long after, meeting no more 
mention of his martial activity. 


The ancient extraction in this county is sufficiently known. J 

I he last age saw a leash of brethren of this family, severally 

eminent. This mindeth me of the Roman Horatii, though 

e expressed themselves in a different kind for the honour 

pi their country. Pardon me if reckoning them up not accord 

ing to their age. 

Sir ANTHONY SHIRLEY, second son to Sir Thomas, set forth 

ly mouth, May the 21st, 1596, in a ship called the Bevis 

01 Duthampton, attended with six lesser vessels. His design 

ioi Thome was violently diverted by the contagion they 

und on the south coast of Africa, where the rain did stink as 

down from the heavens, and within six hours did turn 

This made him turn his course to America, 

where he took and kept the city of St. Jago two days and nights, 

two hundred and eighty men (whereof eighty were wounded 

m the service), against three thousand Portugals. 

Hence he made for the Isle of Fuego, in the midst whereof a 

untam, .Etna-like, always burning ; and the wind did drive 

i a shower of ashes upon them, that one-might have wrote 

name with his finger on the upper deck. However, in this 

>ry Island they furnished themselves with good water, which 

they much wanted. 

Hence he sailed to the island of Margarita, which to him did 

not answer its name, not finding here the pearl dresses 

he expected. Nor was his gain considerable in taking 

own of Saint Martha, the isle and chief town of Jamaica, 

t Smden s ^f"^ " Citat t Camden s Elizabeth, in anno, 1 586. 

Britannia, m Sussex. Hacluyfg Voyages, Part III. p. 598. 


whence he sailed more than thirty leagues up the river Rio-dolci, 
where he met with great extremity. 

At last, being diseased in person, distressed for victuals, and 
deserted by all his other ships, he made by Newfoundland to 
England, where he arrived June 15, 1597. Now although some 
behold his voyage, begun with more courage than counsel, car 
ried on with more valour than advice, and coming off with more 
honour than profit to himself or the nation (the Spaniard being 
.rather frighted than harmed, rather braved than frighted 
therewith) ; yet impartial judgments, who measure not worth by 
success, justly allow it a prime place amongst the probable (though 
not prosperous) English adventures. 

Sir ROBERT SHIRLEY, youngest son to Sir Thomas, was, by 
his brother Anthony, entered into the Persian court. Here he 
performed great service against the Turks, and shewed the dif 
ference between Persian and English valour ; the latter having 
therein as much courage, and more mercy, giving quarter to 
captives who craved it, and performing life to those to whom he 
promised it. These his actions drew the envy of the Persian lords, 
and love of the ladies, amongst whom one (reputed a kins-wo 
man to the great Sophy) after some opposition, was married unto 
him. She had more of ebony than ivory in her complexion ; 
yet amiable enough, and very valiant, a quality considerable in 
that sex in those countries. With her he canje over into Eng 
land, and lived many years therein. He much affected to ap 
pear in foreign vests ; and, as if his clothes were his lirnbs, ac 
counted himself never ready till he had something of the Per 
sian habit about him. 

At last a contest happening betwixt him and the Persian am 
bassador (to whom some reported Sir Robert gave a box on the 
ear), the king sent them both into Persia, there mutually to im 
peach one another, and joined Doctor Gough (a senior fellow of 
Trinity College in Cambridge) in commission \vith Sir Robert. 
In this voyage (as I informed) both died on the seas, before the 
controverted difference was ever heard in the court of Persia, 
about the beginning of the reign of king Charles. 

Sir THOMAS SHIRLEY. I name him the last (though the 
eldest son of his father) because last appearing in the world, 
men s activity not always observing the method of their register. 
As the trophies of Miltiades would not suffer Themistocles to 
sleep ;* so the achievements of his two younger brethren gave an 
alarum unto his spirit. He was ashamed to see them worn like 
flowers in the breasts and bosoms of foreign princes, whilst he 
himself withered upon the stalk he grew on. This made him. 
leave his aged father and fair inheritance in this county, and to 

Plutarch, in his Life. 


undertake sea voyages into foreign parts, to the great honour of 
his nation, but small enriching of himself; so that he might say 
to his son, as ^Eneas to Ascanius : 

Disce, puer, vlrtutem ex me verumque laborem, 
fortunam ex aliis. 

" Virtue and labour learn from me thy father ; 
As for success, child, learn from others rather. 1 

As to the general performances of these three brethren, I know 
the affidavit of a poet carrieth but a small credit in the court of 
history ; and the comedy made of them is but a friendly foe to 
their memory, as suspected more accommodated to please the 
present spectators, than to inform posterity. However, as the be 
lief of Miltio (when an inventory of his adopted son s misdemea 
nors was brought unto him) embraced a middle and moderate way, 
<f Nee omnia credere nee nihil/ (neither to believe all things 
nor nothing of what was told him) : so in the list of their 
achievements we may safely pitch on the same proportion, and, 
when abatement is made for poetical embellishments, the re 
mainder will speak them worthies in their generations. The 
certain dates of their respective deaths I cannot attain. 


[REM.] NICHOLAS HOSTRESHAM. Know, reader, I have 
placed him in this county, only on presumption that Horsham 
in this shire (no such place otherwise in England) is contracted 
for Hostresham. He was a learned man, a most famous physician, 
and esteemed highly of all the nobility of the land, who coveted 
his company on any conditions. It seemeth that he was none 
of those so pleasing and comformable to the humour of their 
patients, as that they press not the true cure of the disease ; and 
yet none of those who are so regular in proceeding according to 
art for the disease, as that they respect not sufficiently the con 
dition of their patients ; but that he was of a middle temper, 
and so in effect was two physicians in one man. Many were the 
books he wrote, reckoned up by Bale * and Pits,f amongst 
which I take especial notice of one, contra dolorem renum, thus 
beginning, " Lapis quandoque generatur in renibus." I observe 
this the rather, because his practice was wholly at home (it not 
appearing that he ever went beyond the sea) ; and this is con 
trary unto the confidence of such who have vehemently affirmed, 
that the stone was never heard of in England, until hops, and 
beer made therewith (about the year 1516), began to be com 
monly used. He flourished anno Domini 1443. 

[S.N.] LAURENCE SOMERCOTE was born, saith Bale, in 

* De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num 8. f In anno 1443. 


the south part of the kingdom ; but had, I am sure, his best 
English preferment in Sussex, being canon of Chichester."* 
After his breeding here under his careful parents and skilful 
masters, who taught him logic and rhetoric, he applied himself 
to the study of the law, and attained to great learning therein. 
Then, leaving the land, he went to Rome, and repaired to (his 
brother or kinsman) Robert Somercote, cardinal, who, it seems, 
procured him to be sub-deacon under the Pope. He wrote 
some books both in Latin and French ; and flourished in the 
year of our lord 1 240 

JOHN DRITON ; so is his surname Englished by Bale 

And why not as well John Driby (a village in Lincolnshire) 
seeing no Driton in all England ? The truth is this ; in Latin he 
wrote himself, de Arida Villa, equivalent with Sicca Villa, or 
Sackvill, a surname most renowned in this county : and 
because it is added to his character, ex illustri quadam Anglice 
familia procreatus, it suiteth well with our conjecturing him 
this countryman. He was bred, according to the mode of 
that age, in France ; and there became, at Paris, summus gym- 
nasii moderator, which (howsoever rendered in English) sound- 
eth a high place conferred on a foreigner. In his time was 
much bustle in the university, about an Apocrypha Book 
(patched together out of the dreams of Joachim and Cyril, 
two monks), which was publicly read and commented on by 
many admirers thereof, by the name of " The Eternal Gospel/ 

The Pope who often curseth where God blesseth, here bless 
ed where God cursed ; and notwithstanding the solemn com- 
mination against such additions to Scripture, favoured them, 
and (what a charitable Christian can scarcely believe) damned 
their opposers for heretics. This our Sackvill bestirred him 
self, and, with William de Sancto Amore and other pious men, 
opposed this piece of imposture. 

Pits, in the character of this our de Arida Villa, treads like a 
foundered horse on stones, mentioning only that he met with 
much disturbance, without any particulars thereof. At last 
this Eternal Gospel had a temporal end, and (with the serpents 
of the Egyptian enchanters which vanished away) this pre 
tended quint-essence Gospel sunk with shame into silence, 
whilst the other four Gospels (with the serpent of Moses) do 
last and continue. This our writer flourished 1260. 

JOHN WINCHELSEY was bred in Oxford, and became a 
great scholar therein. I am not bound to believe Bale in full 
latitude, that he made a Centaur- divinity out of poets and philo 
sophers ;t but this I believe, that in his old age he turned a 
Franciscan ; and, when gray, became a green Novice of the 

* De Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 2. 
f Idem, Cent. v. ruim 11. 



Order at Salisbury. Many condemned him, that he would enter 
into such a life when ready to go out of the world ; and others 
of his own convent commended him, who, being old, was con 
cerned to find out the most compendious way to Heaven. 
The year of his probation was not ended, when he died and 
was buried in that convent, anno 1326. 


[AMP.] WILLIAM PEMBLE was born in this county, where 
his parents had no plentiful estate ; but their wants were 
supplied (as to this their son s education in learning) by the 
bounty of John Barker, of Mayfield in this shire, esquire, as 
by the following passage may appear, written by Mr. Capel, his 
worthy tutor :* 

" You are the man who supported the vine, that bore this 
and many other excellent grapes. His studies had shrunk and 
withered, even then when they were about to knit, had it not 
been for you and your exhibitions, who have raised up an able 
scholar, a learned divine, a well-studied artist, a skilful linguist, 
and (which is the soul of all) a very godly minister." 

So then, if I have missed master Pemble s native county, yet I 
shall be excused by the known proverb, Non ubi nascor, sed ubi 
pascor ; Sussex affording him his most effectual maintenance. He 
was bred in (or if you will he bred) Magdalen Hall in Oxford ; 
that house owing its late lustre to his learned lectures, the 
gravest in the university not disdaining their presence thereat. 
He was an excellent orator indeed, as who spake non ex ore sed 
ex pectore, many excellencies being in him ; but above all, this 
was his crown, that he unfeignedly sought God s glory, and 
the good of men s souls. He died in the flow T er of his age, as 
he was making his lectures on the prophecy of Zachara (finish 
ing but nine chapters of fourteen) anno Domini . . ., of a burn 
ing fever. 

THOMAS CHUNE, Esquire, living at Alfriston in this county, 
set forth a small manual, intitled " Collectiones Theologicarum 
Conclusionum." Indeed many have much opposed it (as what 
book meeteth not with opposition ?) ; though such as dislike 
must commend the brevity and clearness of his positions. For 
mine own part I am glad to see a lay-gentleman so able and 
industrious. His book was set forth 1635. 

THOMAS MAY was born in this county, of a w r orshipful but 
decayed family ; bred fellow-commoner in Cambridge, in Sid 
ney College, where he seriously applied himself to his studies. 
He afterwards lived in Westminster, and about the court. He 
was an elegant poet, and translated Lucan into English. Now 

In the Epistle Dedicatory, before his Lectures on the Sacrament. 


though Scaliger be pleased to say hypocritically of Lucan, 
" non canit, sed latrat ; " yet others (under the rose) as judi 
cious, allow him an excellent poet, and losing no lustre by Mr. 
May s translation. 

Some disgust at court was given to, or taken by him (as some 
will have it), because his bays were not gilded richly enough, 
and his verses rewarded by king Charles according to his expec 
tation. He afterwards wrote a history of this state, in the 
beginning of our civil wars ; and, being myself (for my many 
writings) one under the authority of the tongues and pens of 
others, it ill becometh me to pass any censure on his perform 
ance therein. Sure I am, if he w r ere a biassed and partial 
writer, he lieth buried near a good and true historian indeed 
(I mean Mr. Camden) in the west side of the north isle of 
Westminster Abbey, dying suddenly in the night, anno Domini 
1652, in the 55th year of his age. 

JOHN SELDEN, son of Thomas Selden, was born at Salving- 
ton, within the parish of East Terring, in this county ; and the 
ensuing inscriptions, being built three stories high, will acquaint 
us with his age and parentage. 

The lowest is written on the top stone of his sepulchre, being 
five feet deep in the ground. 

" Hie inliumatur corpus JOHA.NNIS SELDENI." 

The second is inscribed on a blue marble stone, lying flat on 
the floor in the Temple church : 

" J. SELDENUS, J. C. hie situs est." 

The third is graven on the wall, in a monument of white and 
black marble : 


" Heic juxta situs : natus est decimo sexto Decembris MDLXXXIV. Salvintonise, 
qui viculus est Terring Occidentalis in Sussexise maritimis, parentibus honestis, 
Joanne Seldeno Thomse filio e quinis secundo, anno MDXLI. nato, et Margareta 
filia et hserede unica Thomse Bakeri de Rushington, ex Equestri Bakerorum in 
Cantio familia ; filius e cunis superstitum unicus, setatis fere LXX. annorum. 
Denatus est ultimo die Novembris, anno Salutis reparatae MDCLIV. ; per quam 
expectat heic resurrectionem faelicem." 

He was first bred in Hart Hall in Oxford, then in the Inner 
Temple in London, where he attained great skill in the law, 
and all antiquity.* His learning did not live in a lane, but 
traced all the atitude of arts and languages, as appears by the 
many and various works he hath written, which people affect 
as they stand affected either by their fancy or function. Lay- 
gentlemen prefer his " Titles of Honour ;" lawyers, his " Mare 
Clausum ;" antiquaries, his " Spicilegium ad Edmearum ; " 
clergymen like best his book " de Diis Syris," and worst his 

History of Tithes." 

* Mr. Leigh, " Of Religious and Learned Men," p. 100. 

s 2 



Indeed, the body of that history did not more offend them in 
point of profit, than the preface thereof in matter of credit ; 
such his insolent reflections therein. Nor will it be imper 
tinent here to insert a passage of consequence, which I find in 
a modern author of good intelligence : 

" Master Selden was no friend to bishops, as constituted and 
established in the Church of England. For, being called before 
the High Commission, and forced to make a public acknowledg 
ment of his error and offence given unto the Church, in publish 
ing a book entitled The History of Tithes/ it sunk so deep 
into his stomach, that he never after affected the men, or cor 
dially approved the calling, though many ways were tried to 
gain him to the church s interest."* 

To this his public acknowledgment I can say nothing. This 
I know, that a friend of mine, employed on a fair and honest 
account to peruse the library of archbishop Laud, found therein 
a large letter written to him, and subscribed with master Sel- 
den s own hand, wherein he used many expressions of his 
contrition, much condemning himself for setting forth a book 
of that nature ; which letter my aforesaid friend gave back again 
to master Selden, to whom (I assure you) it was no unaccept 
able present.f 

But that which afterwards entituled him to a general popula 
rity, was his pleading with master Noy for a " Habeas Corpus " 
of such gentlemen which were imprisoned for the refusal of the 
loan. Hence was it that most men beheld master Selden as 
their common council, and themselves as his clients, conceiving 
that the liberty of all English subjects was concerned in that 
suit. He had very many ancient coins of the Roman emperors, 
and more modern ones of our English kings ; dying exceeding 
wealthy ; insomuch that naked charity both wished and hoped 
for a good new coat at his hands, but missed of its expectation. 
The archbishop of Armagh (to whom he was always most civil 
and respectful) preached his funeral sermon. The large library 
which he left is a jewel indeed ; and this jewel long looked to 
be put into a new cabinet, when one of the inns of court (on 
which it was bestowed) should be pleased to provide a fair and 
firm fabric to receive it; but now is reposited (Bodly within a 
Bodly} in the matchless library of Oxford. 


GREGORY MARTINS was born at Mayfield in this county ; 
bred (contemporary with Campian) fellow of Saint John s Col 
lege in Oxford.J He was chosen by Thomas duke of Norfolk 
to be tutor to his son Philip earl of Arundel ; and well dis 
charged his trust therein. 

* Extraneus Vapulans, made by an Alter-idem to Doctor Heylin, p. 167. 

f Mr. Spencer, keeper of the library at Jesus College. 

J Pits, de Angliae Scriptoribus, anno 1582. ; 


Going afterwards beyond the seas, and living some time in 
Douay and Rome, he fixed at last in the English College at 
Rheims, where he was professor of divinity. As he was papal 
both in his Christian and surname, so was he deeply dyed 
with that religion, writing many books in the defence thereof, 
and one most remarkable, intituled, " A Detection of the Cor 
ruptions in the English Bible/" Athaliah did craftily cry out 
first, " Treason, Treason," when she was the greatest traitor 
herself ;* and this Martine, conscious of the many and foul cor 
ruptions in his own Rhenish translation, politicly complained 
of the faults in our English Bible. He died the 28th of Octo 
ber 1582 ; and lieth buried in the parish church of St. Stephen s 
in Rheims. 

THOMAS STAPLETON was born at Henfield in this county, 
as Pits, his familiar friend, doth inform us.f Object not that 
it is written on his tomb at Saint Peter s at Louvain, 

" Thomas Stapletonus, qui Cicestriae in Anglia nobili loco natus ; 

Chichester there not being taken restrictively for the city, but 
extensively for the diocese. His bare surname is sufficient 
proof of his gentle birth. 

Those of his own persuasion please themselves much to 
observe, that this Thomas was born in the same year and month 
wherein Sir Thomas More was beheaded, as if Divine Provi 
dence had purposely dropped from heaven an acorn in place of 
the oak that was felled. 

He was bred in New College in Oxford, and then by the 
bishop (Christopherson, as I take it) made canon of Chiches 
ter, which he quickly quitted in the first of queen Elizabeth. 
Flying beyond the seas, he first fixed at Douay, and there com- 
mendably performed the office of catechist, which he discharged 
to his commendation. J 

Reader, pardon an excursion caused by just grief and anger. 
Many, counting themselves Protestants in England, do slight 
and neglect that ordinance of God, by which their religion was 
set up, and gave credit to it in the first Reformation ; I mean, 
CATECHISING. Did not our Saviour say even to Saint Peter 
himself, " Feed my lambs, feed my sheep." And why lambs 
first? 1. Because they were lambs before they were sheep. 2. 
Because, if they be not fed whilst lambs, they could never be 
sheep. 3. Because sheep can in some sort feed themselves; 
but lambs (such their tenderness) must either be fed or fa 
mished. Our Stapleton was excellent at this lamb-feeding^ from 
which office he was afterwards preferred king s professor of 
divinity in Louvain, and was for forty years together " Dominus 
ad oppositum," the undertaker-general against all Protestants. 
Dr. Whitacre, professor in Cambridge, experimentally professed, 

* 2 Kings xi. 14. f Page 796. 

J See his epitaph in Pits. John xxi. 15, 16. 


that Bellarmine was the fairer and Stapleton the shrewder 

His preferment (in mine eye) was not proportionable to his 
merit^ being no more than canon and master of a college in 
Louvain. Many more admired that Stapleton missed, than that 
Allen got, a cardinal s cap, equalling him in strictness of life, 
exceeding him in gentility of birth, and painfulness of writing 
for the Romish cause. Such consider not that Stapleton s 
ability was drowned with Allen s activity ; and one grain of the 
statesman is too heavy for a pound of the student ; practical 
policy, in all ages, beating pen-pains out of distance in the race 
of preferment. Stapleton died, and was buried in St. Peter s in 
Louvain, anno 1598. 


Reader, let not the want of intelligence in me be mis-inter 
preted want of munificence in the natives of this county, find 
ing but one most eminent, and him since the Reformation. 

RICHARD SACKVILL, eldest son of Thomas earl of Dorset, 
by Cecily his wife, had his barony (if not his birth] at Buck- 
hurst in this county : a gentleman of singular learning in many 
sciences and languages ; so that the Greek and Latin were as 
familiar unto him as his own native tongue.* Succeeding his 
father in that earldom, he enjoyed his dignity not a full year, as 
lacking seven weeks thereof. Yet is there no fear that the 
shortness of his earlship will make his name forgotten, having 
erected a monument which will perpetuate his memory to all 
posterity; viz. a college at East Grinstead in this county, for 
one-and-thirty poor people to serve Almighty God therein; 
endowing the same with three hundred and thirty pounds a-year 
out of all his land in England. By Margaret sole daughter to 
Thomas duke of Norfolk, he left two surviving sons, Richard 
and Edward, both persons of admirable parts (successively earls 
after him) ; and, dying 1608, was buried at Withiham in this 


JOHN, HENRY, and THOMAS PALMER, sons unto Edward 
Palmer, esquire, of Angmarine in this county ; a town so called, 
as I am informed, from aqua marina, or the water of the sea, 
being within two miles thereof, and probably, in former ages, 
nearer thereunto. 

Their mother was daughter to one Clement of Wales, who, 
for his effectual assisting of king Henry the Seventh, from his 
landing at Milford-haven until the Battle of Bosworth, was 
brought by him into England, and rewarded with good lands in 
this and the next county. 

* Mills, in Catalogue of Honour, \<. 418. 



It happened that their mother, being a full fortnight inclu 
sively in labour, was on Whitsunday delivered of John her eld 
est son, on the Sunday following of Henry her second son, and 
the Sunday next after of Thomas her third son. This is that 
which is commonly called sup erf (station (usual in other crea 
tures, but rare in women) ; the cause whereof we leave to the 
disquisition of physicians. 

These three were knighted for their valour by king Henry 
the Eighth (who never laid his sword on his shoulders who was 
not a man) ; so that they appear as remarkable in their success 
as their nativities. The truth hereof needeth no other attesta 
tion than the general and uncontrolled tradition of their no less 
worshipful than numerous posterity in Sussex and Kent ; 
amongst whom I instance in Sir Roger Palmer, aged eighty 
years, lately deceased, and cofferer to our late king, averring to 
me the faith hereof on his reputation. The exact date of these, 
knights deaths I cannot attain. 

LEONARD MASCALL, of Plumstead in this county, being 
much delighted in gardening (man s original vocation), was the 
first who brought over into England, from beyond the seas, 
carps and pippins ; the one well cooked delicious, the other cor 
dial and restorative. For the proof hereof, we have his own 
word and witness ;* and did it, it seems, about the fifth year of 
the reign of king Henry the Eighth, anno Domini 1514, The 
time of his death is to me unknown. 

WILLIAM WITHERS, born at Walsham in this county, being 
a child of eleven years old, did, anno 1581, lie in a trance ten 
days without any sustenance : and at last coming to himself, 
uttered to the standers-by many strange speeches, inveighing 
against pride, covetousness, and other outrageous sins. But 
let the credit thereof be charged on my author s account.f 




S. Bishop of Chichester, and John Earl of Huntington; 
William St. John, and William Sidney, (knights of the 
shire) ; Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Abbatis de Bello. Rich. Dalynrigge, arm. 

Tho. de Echingham, mil. Edw. Sakevyle, arm. 

Hugon. Halsham, mil. Will. Ryman, arm. 

Rog. Ferrys, mil. Rog- Gunter, arm, 

Tho. Leukenore, mil. Rob. Lyle. 

Rob. Roos, mil. Johan. Bartelet. 

Hen. Husee, mil. Will. Ernele. 

" In his book of Fishing, Fowling, aucl Planting, 
t Holinshed, in his Chronicle, p. 1315. 



Walt. Uny. 

Johan. Lylye. 

Job. Knottesford, arm. 

Rich. Profyt. 

Johan. Bolne. 

Walt. Fust. 

Johan. Wilteshire. 

Ade Iwode. 

Will. Halle de Ore. 

Joh. Oxebrugge. 

Tho. Oxebrugge. 

Rob. Arnold. 

Johan. Peres. 

Rich. Danmere. 

Tho. Stanton. 

Tho. Cotes. 

Joh. Wyghtrynge. 

Will. Hore. 

Johan. Sherar. 

Johan. Hilly. 

Will. Warnecamp. 

Will. Merwe. 

Joh. Grantford. 

Rad. Vest. 

Joh. Vest. 

Joh. Hammes de Padyngho. 

Johan. Parker de Lewes. 

Jacob. Honiwode Prior de 


Abbatis de Ponte Roberti. 
Robert. Abbatis de Begeham. 
Pnons de Mechilham. 
Prioris de Hasting. 
Rich. Waller, arm. 

Johan. Ledes, arm. 
Johan. Bramshel, arm. 
Rich. Cook, arm. 
Rich. Farnfold. 
Joh. Burdevyle, arm. 
Rad. Rademeld, arm. 
Johan. Apsle, 
Rich. Grene. 
Tho. Grene. 
Will. Blast. 
Rober. Tank. 
Johan. Bradebruge-e. 
Will. Delve. 
Will. Shreswell. 
Johan. Lunsford. 
Johan. Penhurst. 
Johan. Goringe. 
Sim. Cheyne. 
Tho. Ashburnham. 
Rich. Clothule. 
Rob. Hyberden. 
Johan. Dragon. 
Tho. Surflet. 
Henrici Exton, 
Joh. Symond. 
Will. Scardevyle. 
Will. Yevan. 
Joh. Rombrigg. 
Hen. Wendon. 
Rich. Dan el. 
Rich. Roper. 
Tho. Fustyngden. 
Rad. Shreswell. 

, . 


Name and 

9 Ed. Bellingham, arm. 



5 horns 

s - 

Arg. a chevron *twixt three annulets G. 



Anno Name. Place. 

12 Edw. Carrell, arm. . . Harting. 

Arg. three bars, and as many martlets in chief S. 

Then were the two counties reunited under one sheriff until 
the twelfth year of king Charles ; when, being divided, these 
following were proper to Sussex alone. 



Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

12 Edw. Bishop, mil. . . Parham. 

Arg. on a bend cotised G. three bezants. 

13 Anth. Fowle, arm, . . Riverhal. 

G. a lion passant gardant betwixt three roses O. 

14 Anth. Forster, arm. . . Tronton. 

S. on a chevron Arg. three scallop-shells of the field be 
twixt as many pheons O. 

15 Edw. Apsley, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Geo. Churchar, arm. 

17 Egid. Garton, arm. 

19 Joh. Baker, arm. 

20 Edw. Payne, arm. 

Arg. on a fess engrailed G. three roses Erm. 
22 Tho. Eversfield, arm. 

Erm. on a bend S. three mullets O. betwixt as many 
martlets S. 


For my Vale to this county, I desire to be their remem 
brancer of the counsel which their countryman William earl of 
Arundel gave to his son, Henry Fitzallen, last earl of that sur 
name, viz. " Never to trust their neighbours the French."* 
Indeed for the present they are at amity with us ; but foreign 
friendship is ticklish, temporary, and lasteth no longer than it 
is advantaged with mutual interest. May never French land on 
this shore, to the loss of the English ! But, if so sad an acci 
dent should happen, send then our Sussexians no worse success 
than their ancestors of Rye and Winchelsea had, 1378, in the 
reign of Richard the Second, when they embarked for Nor 
mandy :f for, in the night, they entered a town called Peter s 
Port, took all such prisoners who were able to pay ransom, and 
safely returned home without loss, and with much rich spoil; 
and amongst the rest they took down out of the steeple the 

* Camden s Elizabeth, anno 1580. f Stow s Chronicle in this year. 


bells, and brought them into England ; bells which the French 
had taken formerly from these towns, and which did afterwards 
ring the more merrily, restored to their proper place, with ad 
dition of much wealth to pay for the cost of their recovery. 


Sir Joseph AYLOFFE, antiquary; born at Framfield 1708. 
Edward CLARKE, talented scholar, and traveller in Spain, &c. ; 

born at Buxted 1730. 
William COLLINS, unfortunate poet, author of Odes, &c. 

"whose fame can never die " born at Chichester 1720 ; died 

Rev. J. DALLAWAY, antiquary and author; born 1763; died 

FREWEN, or FRUIN, accepted archbishop of York ; born at 

Northiam; died 1664. 
William HAY, M.P. remarkable for his personal deformity, and 

author of an essay on that subject ; born at Lewes 1695. 
William HAYLEY, poet, friend and biographer of Cowper; 

born at Chichester 1745; died 1820. 

Dr. James HURDIS, learned divine and poet ; born at Bishop- 
stone 1763. 
Hugh James ROSE, divine and principal of King s College, 

London, theological writer; born at Uckfield 1795 ; died at 

Florence 1839. 
Charlotte SMITH, poetess and novelist; born at Bignor Park 

1749; died 1806. 

** Independently of the History of Sussex, by the Rev. T. W. Horsfield, we 
have that of the Western Division of the County, containing the Rape of Chiches 
ter and of Arundel, by the Rev. J. Dallaway, which was brought out in 2 vols. 4to. 
in 1815 ; and in 1830, appeared, in completion of the preceding, the Parochial To 
pography of the Rape of Bramber, by the Rev. E. Cartwright. To these may be 
added, the History of Brighthelmstone, by Dr. Relhan (1761); the Antiquities of 
Arundel, by C. Caraccioli (1766); Lee s History of Lewes and Brightelmstone 
(1795) ; Picture of Worthing, by the Rev. Dr. Evans (1805) ; Hay s History of 
Chichester (1804) ; Dr. Davis s Description of Bognor (1807) ; Stockdale s His 
tory of Hastings, &c. (1819); Shearsmith s Description of Worthing (1824); 
Moss s History of Hastings (1824) ; Horsfield s History of Lewes (1824) ; besides 
various Guides to Hastings, Brighton, Worthing, &c ED. 


WARWICKSHIRE hath Leicester and Northampton- shires on 
the east, Oxford and Gloucester- shires on the south, Worcester 
on the west, and Staffordshire on the north thereof. In form, 
at the first view, in a map, it doth pretend to some circular- 
ness j but attaineth no exactness therein, as extending thirty- 
three miles from north to south, though from east to west not 
distanced above twenty-six. 

One said no less truly than merrily, " It is the heart, but not 
the core, of England ;" having nothing coarse or choaky there 
in. The woodland part thereof may want what the fieldon 
affords ; so that Warwickshire is defective in neither. As for 
the pleasure thereof, an author is bold to say, that from Edge- 
hill one may behold it another Eden,* as Lot did the Plain of 
Jordan ;t but he might have put in, " It is not altogether so 
well watered." 


Most large for bone, flesh, and wool, in this county, especi 
ally about Worm Leighton. In this shire the complaint of J. 
Rous continueth and increaseth, that sheep turn cannibals, eat 
ing up men, houses, and towns ; their pastures make such depo 

But, on the other side, it is pleaded for these enclosures, that 
they make houses the fewer in this county, and the more in the 
kingdom. How come buildings in great towns every day to 
increase (so that commonly tenants are in before tenements are 
ended) but that the poor are generally maintained by clothing, 
the staple- trade of the nation ? 

Indeed corn doth visibly employ the poor in the place where 
it groweth, by ploughing, sowing, mowing, inning, threshing : 
but wool invisibly maintaineth people at many miles distance, 
by carding, spinning, weaving, dressing, dyeing it. However, 
an expedient might be so used betwixt tillage and pasturage, 

* J. Speed, in his Description of Warwickshire. f Genesis xiii. 10. 


that Abel should not kill Cain, the shepherd undo the husband 
man, but both subsist comfortably together. 


It is the prince (oak being allowed the king) of English tim 
ber, growing plentifully in the woodland part of this county. I 
confess it far short in sovereigness against serpents of the Italian 
ash, if true what Pliny reporteth (making affidavit thereof on his 
own experience, "Expertiprodimus")* that a serpent, encircled 
with fire and boughs of ash, will, in this dilemma, put himself 
rather on the hazard of fire, than adventure on the fence of 
ashen boughs. It is also far inferior in toughness to the Span 
ish ash ; and yet a stand of pikes made of English ash, and ma 
naged with Englishmen s arms, will do very well. But, to wave 
the warlike, and praise the peaceable use of the ash ; it is excel 
lent for plow-timber, besides many utensils within a family. 
Being cut down green, it burneth (a peculiar privilege of this 
wood) clear and bright, as if the sap thereof had a fire-feeding 
unctiousness therein. The fruit thereof is good in physic, whose 
keys are opening of obstructions arising from the spleen. 


Much hereof is digged up at Bedworth, which (in my mea 
suring) of all coal-mines north of Thames, is the most south 
ward, adding much to their price and owners profit. The 
making such mines destroyeth much, but when made preserveth 
more timber. I am sorry to hear that those black Indies, both 
in quantity and quality, fall short of their former fruitfulness ; 
and I wish they may recover their lost credit, being confident 
the earth there will bleed profit as plentifully as any, had the 
miners but the good hap to hit the right vein thereof. 

As for MANAFACTURES in this county, some broad cloths 
are made in Coventry, and ten might be made for one, if the 
mystery thereof were vigorously pursued. 


Coventry, much beholding to the lady Godiva (who took 
order that her charity should not prejudice her modesty, when 
she purchased the privileges of this place) sheweth two fair 
churches close together. How clearly would they have shined, 
if set at competent distance ! Whereas now, such their 
vicinity, that the Archangel eclipseth the Trinity. 

SAINT MARY S in Warwick, a beautiful structure, owes its 
life to the monuments of the dead therein, most being earls of 

* Natural History, lib. xvi. cap. 13. 


Warwick. Of these, that in the body of the church is the 
oldest, that in the chancel is the largest, that in the chapel (of 
gilt brass) the richest, that in the chapter-house (of Fulke lord 
Brook) the latest. Greatness may seem in some to be buried 
in the tomb of the earl of Leicester, and goodness in that of the 
earl of Warwick. Women are most delighted with the statue 
of the infant baron of Denbigh, and scholars most affected with 
the learned epitaph of Sir Thomas Puckering. In a word, so 
numerous is the church, with its appendences, as I am informed 
by my worthy friend the minister,* that he can accommodate 
one clergyman, of all dignities and degrees, to repose them, in 
several chapels or vestries by themselves. 

KENELWORTH, alias KENILWORTH. It had the strength of a 
castle, and the beauty of a prince s court. Though most fair 
the porch, no danger of the castles running out thereat (like 
that of Mindus at the gate), as most proportionable to the rest 
of the fabric. I confess handsome is an improper epithet of a 
giant, yet neatness agreeth with the vastness of this structure. 

Some castles have been demolished for security, which I 
behold destroyed, se defendendo, without offence. Others demo 
lished in the heat of the wars, which I look upon as castle- 
slaughter, But I cannot excuse the destruction of this castle 
from wilful murder, being done in cold blood, since the end of 
the wars. 

I am not stocked enough with charity to pity the ruiners 
thereof, if the materials of this castle answered not their expec 
tation who destroyed it. 

Pass we now from the preterperfect to the present tense, I 
mean, from what was once to what now is most magnificent, the 
castle of Warwick. It over-looketh the town, which is washed 
and swept by nature ; so sweet, on a rising hill, is the situation 
thereof. The prospect of this castle is pleasant in itself, and 
far more to the present owner thereof, the right honourable 
Robert lord Brooke, seeing the windows look into lands mostly 
of his possession. 

We will conclude the buildings of this county, with the beau 
tiful CROSS of COVENTRY ; a reformed cross (or standard rather) 
without any cross thereon, being a master-piece, all for orna 
ment, nothing for superstition ; so that the most curious hath 
just cause to commend, the most conscientious to allow, none 
to condemn it. 

It was begun 1541, the 33d, and finished 1544, the 36th of 
king Henry the Eighth, at the sole cost of Sir William Hollis, 
lord mayor of London, great grandfather to the right honour 
able the earl of Clare. 

* Mr. Vernour. 


At Leamington, within two miles of Warwick, there issue 

3U V V1 a Stnde) f the wom . b of the earth two twin- springs, 
as different m taste and operation, as Esau and Jacob in dis 
position, the one salt, the other fresh. Thus the meanest 

untryman doth plainly see the effects, whilst it would pose a 
consultation of philosophers to assign the true cause thereof. 

lo this permanent let me enjoy a transient wonder, which 
was some fifty years since. The situation of Coventry is well 
known, on a rising hill, having no river near it, save a small 
brook, over which generally one may make a bridge with a stride. 
IMow here happened such an inundation, on Friday April the 
seventeenth, 1607 (attested under the seal of the city, in the 
mayoralty of Henry Sewel) as was equally admirable : 

1. In coming about eight o clock in the morning, no con 
siderable rain preceding, which might suggest the least sus 
picion thereof. 

2. In continuance, for the space of three hours, wherein it 
overflowed more than two hundred and fifty dwelling houses, 
to the great damage of the inhabitants. 

3. In departure, or vanishing rather; sinking as suddenly as 
it did rise. J 

Thus what the Scripture saith of wind, was then true of the 

Jne cannot tell whence it came nor whither it went."* 

.Leaving others to inquire into the second arid subordinate, I 

will content myself with admiring the Supreme cause, observed 

Psalmist, He turneth a wilderness into a standing water, 

and dry ground into water-springs."f 


At Newnham Regis there is a spring, the water whereof 

unk with salt looseneth, with sugar bindeth, the body. It is 

also very sovereign against ulcers, impostumes, and the stone. 

[ commend to the reader s choice observation : the 

thor afhrmeth that it turneth sticks into stone, and that 

: was an eye-witness thereof. f Now, how it should 

)lve the stone in the body of a man, and yet turn wood into 

leave to such who are Naturae d sanctioribm consiliis, 

decide^ nCXt meetlng at their coun cil-table to discuss and 

" He is the Black Bear of Arden."] 

Arden is a forest, anciently occupying all the wood-land part 

this county. By the Black Bear is meant Guy Beaucharnp 

Warwick, who (besides the allusion to his crest) was 

* John iii. 8. . p , 

t Speed, in his Description of Warwickshire. 1 


grim of person and surly of resolution ; for, when this bear had 
gotten Pierce Gavistone (that monkey and minion of king 
Edward the Second) into his chambers, he caused his death at 
a hill within two miles of Warwick, notwithstanding all oppo 
sition to the contrary. The proverb is appliable- to those who 
are not terriculamenta but terrores, no fancy-formed bug-bears, 
but such as carry fear and fright to others about them. 
" As bold as Beauchamp."] 

Some will say the concurrence of these two B. B. did much 
help the proverb ; and I think (as in others of the same kind) 
they did nothing hinder it. However, this quality could not be 
fixed on any name with more truth. If it be demanded, what 
Beauchamp is chiefly meant, amongst the many of that surname, 
earls of Warwick ? The answer of mutinous people is true in 
this case, one and all: 1. William; 2. Guy; 3. Thomas; 4. 
Thomas; 5. Richard; 6. Henry. 

Such a series there was, of successive undauntedness in that 
noble family. But, if a better may be allowed amongst the 
best and a bolder amongst the boldest, I conceive that Tho 
mas, the first of that name, gave the chief occasion to this pro 
verb, of whom we read it thus reported in our Chronicles :* 

" At Hogges in Normandy, in the year of our Lord 1346, be 
ing there in safety arrived with Edward the Third, this Thomas, 
leaping over ship -board, was the first man who went on land, 
seconded by one esquire and six archers, being mounted on a 
silly palfrey, which the sudden accident of the business first offered 
to hand ; with this company he did fight against one hundred 
armed men ; and, in hostile manner, overthrew every one which 
withstood him ; and so, at one shock, with his seven assistants, 
he slew sixty Normans, removed all resistance, and gave means 
to the whole fleet to land the army in safety. 

The heirs male of this name are long since extinct, though 
some, deriving themselves from the heirs general, are extant at 
this day. 

" The bear wants a tail, and cannot be a lion."] 

Nature hath cut off the tail of the bear close at the rump, 
which is very strong and long in a lion ; for a great part of the 
lion s strength consists in his tail, wherewith (when angry) he 
useth to flap and beat himself, to raise his rage therewith to the 
height, so to render himself more fierce and furious. If any ask 
why this proverb is placed in Warwickshire ? let them take 
the ensuing story for their satisfaction : 

Ilobert Dudley earl of Leicester derived his pedigree from 
the ancient earls of Warwick, on which title he gave their crest, 
the Bear and Ragged Staff; and when he was governor of the 
Low Countries, with the high title of his Excellency, disusing 
his own coat of the green lion with two tails, he signed all instru. 

* Out of which it is observed by Mr. Mills, in his Catalogue of Honour, p. 804, 
and Mr. Dugdale, in his Earls of Warwick. 


merits with the crest of the Bear and Ragged Staff. He was 
then suspected, by many of his jealous adversaries, to hatch an 
ambitious design to make himself absolute commander (as the 
lion is king of beasts) over the Low Countries. Whereupon 
some (foes to his faction, and friends to the Dutch freedom) 
wrote under his crest, set up in public places : 

Ursa caret caudu, non queat esse Leo. 

" The Bear he never can prevail 
To Lion it, for lack of tail." 

Nor is Ursa in the feminine merely placed to make the verse? 
but because naturalists observe in bears that the female is al 
ways the strongest. 

This proverb is applied to such who, not content with their 
condition, aspire to what is above their worth to deserve, or 
power to achieve. 

"He is true Coventry blue."] 

It seems the best blues, so well fixed as not to fade, are dyed 
in Coventry. It is applied to such an one who isjidus Achates, 
a fast and faithful friend to those that employ him. Opposite 
hereunto is the Greek proverb,* Tov KUKOV rpeVeroi xpwe, I^navi 
vertitur color, (a coward will change colour), either for fear or 
falsehood, when deserting those who placed confidence in him. 
As for those who apply this proverb to persons so habited in 
wickedness as past hope of amendment, under favour I con 
ceive it a secondary and but abusive sense thereof. 


ANNE NEVILL, daughter and coheir to Richard Nevill earl 
of Warwick, was most probably born in Warwick Castle. She 
was afterward married, with a great portion and inheritance, to 
Edward prince of Wales, sole son to king Henry the Sixth ; a 
prince, neither dying of disease, nor slain in battle, nor executed 
by justice, but barbarously butchered by Richard duke of Glou 

Was it not then a daring piece of courtship in him, who had 
murdered her husband, to make love unto her in way of mar 
riage ? And was not his success strange in obtaining her, having 
no beauty to commend his person to her affection ? Oh the im- 
potency of the weaker sex, to resist the battery of a princely 
suitor, who afterwards became king by his own ambition ! How 
ever, her life with him proved neither long nor fortunate. 

It happened that there was the muttering of a marriage be 
tween Henry earl of Richmond and Elizabeth eldest daughter to 
Edward the Fourth, so to unite the houses of Lancaster and 
York. To prevent this, king Richard the Third intended to 
marry the lady himself ; so methodical he was in breaking the 
commandments of the second table. First, " Honour thy father 

Plutarchus, in problemate, Cur polypus mutat colorem. 


and mother, when he procured his mother to be proclaimed 
a harlot,, by a preacher at Paul s Cross. Secondly, "thou shalt 
not kill/ when he murdered his nephews. Thirdly, "thou 
shalt not commit adultery/ being now in pursuit of an inces 
tuous copulation. 

Say not that this match vrould nothing confirm his title, see 
ing formerly he had pronounced all the issue of king Edward 
the Fourth as illegitimate ; for, first, that design was rather in- 
deavoured than effected ; most men remaining (notwithstanding 
this bastardizing attempt) well satisfied in the rightfulness of 
their extraction. Secondly, they should or should not be bas 
tards, as it made for his present advantage ; tyrants always driv 
ing that nail which will go, though it go cross to those which 
they have driven before. Lastly, if it did not help him, it 
would hinder the earl of Richmond, which made that usurper 
half wild till he was wedded. 

But one thing withstood his desires. This Anne his queen 
was still alive, though daily quarrelled at, and complained of 
(her son being lately dead) for barren ; and oh, what a loss 
would it be to nature itself, should her husband die without an 
heir unto his virtues ! Well, this lady understanding that she was 
a burthen to her husband, for grief soon became a burthen to 
herself, and wasted away on a sudden. Some think she 
went her own pace to the grave, while others suspect a grain 
was given her, to quicken her in her journey to her long home ; 
which happened anno Domini 1484. 

EDWARD PLANTAGENET, son to George duke of Clarence, 
may pass for a prince, because the last male heir of that royal 
family. Yea, some of his foes feared, and more of his friends 
desired, that he might be king of England. His mother was 
Isabel, eldest daughter to Richard Nevill earl of Warwick ; 
and he was born in Warwick castle.* 

As his age increased, so the jealousy of the kings of England 
on him did increase, being kept close prisoner by king Ed 
ward the Fourth, closer by king Richard the Third, and closest 
by king Henry the Seventh. This last, being of a new lineage 
and surname, knew full well how this nation hankered after the 
name of Plantagenet ; which as it did out-syllable Tudor in the 
mouths, so did it outvie it in the affections of the English. 
Hence was it that the earl was kept in so strict restraint, which 
made him very weak in his intellectuals; and no wonder, being 
so sequestered from human converse. 

It happened, a marriage was now in debate betwixt prince 
Arthur and Catherine daughter to Ferdinand king of Spain ; and 
the latter would not consent thereunto, until, to clear all titles, 
this Edward Plantagenet were taken out of the way. There- 

* Mr. Dugdale, in his Illustrations of Warwickshire, in the Catalogue of the 
Earls thereof. 



upon he was charged for intending an escape out of the Tower 
(was he not a very fool indeed, if not desiring his own liberty ?) ; 
which far-fetched deduction was heightened into high treason. 
The simple earl was persuaded, by his friend-pretending foes,, to 
confess the fact, as the only way to find favour ; and so, freely 
acknowledging more against himself than others could prove, 
yea or himself did intend, soon after found the proverb true, 
" Confess, and be beheaded." 

However, the blood of this innocent (so may he truly be 
termed, take the word in what sense you please.) did not pass 
unpunished ; and the lady Catherine dowager was wont to ac 
knowledge the death of her two sons an ill success of her match, 
as heaven s judgment on her family for the murdering of this 
earl, which happened anno Domini 1499. 


Saint WOLSTAN. There is some difference, but what is easily 
reconcileable, about the place of his nativity : 

" Sanctus Wolstanus, natione Anglus, IVigorniensis."* 

" St. Wolstan was born in Warwickshire, of worthy and reli 
gious parents."t 

The accommodation is easy, seeing a Warwickshire man by 
his county may be a Worcester man by his diocese, to which 
see the western moiety of that county doth belong. Since,^ I 
have learned from my worthy friend % that Long Irtington in 
this shire may boast of the birth of Saint Wolstan. He after 
wards became bishop of Worcester ; and, for his piety and ho 
liness, was generally reverenced. 

Indeed he was, like Jacob, a plain man, with Nathaniel an 
Israelite without guile, welt, or gard. He could not mode it, 
or comport, either with French fickleness or Italian pride ; Avhich 
rendered him at once hated by two grandees, king William the 
Conqueror, and Lankfrank the lordly Lombard archbishop of 

These resolved on his removal, quarrelling with him that he 
could not speak French (a quality which much commended the 
clergy in that age to preferment) ; and command him to give up 
his episcopal staff and ring into the hands of the king. But 
old Wolstan trudged to the tomb of king Edward the Confessor 
in Westminster, who had been his patron, and there offered up his 
episcopal habiliments. " These," said he, " from you I received, 
and to you I resign them." 

This his plain-dealing so wrought on his adversaries (honesty 
at long running is the best policy), that he was not only con 
tinued, but countenanced, in his bishopric ; yea, acquired the 
reputation of a saint. The greatest fault which I find charged 

* J. Pits, de Illustribus Anglise Scriptoribus, setate undecima, num. 174. 
f Hierome Porter, in the Flowers of the Lives of English Saints, p. 84. 
1 Mr. Dugdale, in his Illustrations of this County. 


on his memory is his activity in making William Rufus king, to 
the apparent injury of Robert his elder brother. But it is no 
wonder if clergymen betray their weakness, who, being bred in 
a convent, quit church business to intermeddle with secular mat 
ters. He died January 19, 1095. 


Laurence SANDERS, priest, martyred at Coventry, Feb. 8, 1555. 

Robert GLOVER, of Manceter, gentleman, martyred at Co 
ven try, Sept. 20, 1555. 

Cornelius BONGEY, of Coventry, capper, martyred at Coventry, 
Sept. 20, 1555. 

John GARBLES, of Coventry, weaver, martyred in King s Bench, 

To these let me add JULIUS PALMER, a hopeful scholar, 
bred in Magdalen College in Oxford; and, though burnt in 
Newbury, born at Coventry. Ralph Bains, bishop of this 
diocese, was the cause of much persecution therein. 


JOHN GLOVER. David saith, " He shall deliver thee from 
the snare of the hunter."* Now hunters often change their 
hare, losing that which they first followed, and starting another 
which they hunt and take. So it happened here ; for this John 
was the person by his persecutors designed to death, who (after 
many temporal and spiritual troubles) miraculously escaped 
those Nimrods ; whilst Robert Glover, his younger brother (of 
whom before) without their intention fell into their hands, and 
lost his life. Yet was there no mistake in Divine Providence, 
making the swervings and aberrations of men tend, in a straight 
line, to the accomplishing of his hidden will and pleasure. 


WILLIAM MAKLESFIELD was born, saith my author f (but 
with an abatement of a hicfertur) in the city of Coventry. He 
was made bachelor of divinity at Paris, doctor at Oxford, and 
being a Dominican, was made general of their order. 

Pope Benedict the Eleventh (who was of the same fraternity), 
formerly his familiar acquaintance, made him cardinal, with the 
title of St. Sabine. But such his misfortune, that he was dead 
and buried at London, before his cardinal s cap was brought to 

What said David ? " He shall carry nothing away with him 
when he dies ; neither shall his pomp follow him." J Yet this 
man s state endeavoured to follow him as far as it could. For 
his cardinal s cap being sent to London with great solem- 

Psalm xci. 3. f Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of Cardinals, p. 170. 

J Psalm xlix. 17. 

T 2 


nity, was with much magnificence set on the monument 
where he was buried.* And perchance this cap did him as much 
good when he was dead, as it would have done if he had been 
living. Sure I am, that faithful linen did him far more service, 
which adventured to go down with him into the grave, for the 
winding of his body therein. 

PETER PETOW, by Master Camden called William Petow,t 
(and had I been at his christening I could have decided the 
controversy) was descended from ancient family, which for a 
long time have flourished at Chesterton in this county.J Being 
by order a Franciscan, he was, by Pope Paulus the Third, created 
cardinal (his title unknown) June 13, 1557- 

The same Pope also made him Legate a Latere and bishop of 
Salisbury, to the apparent wronging of John Capon, bishop 
thereof, then alive, and no more obnoxious than others of his 
order. But I forget what the canon law saith, " None may say 
to the Pope, Why dost thou so ?" as if what were unjust in 
itself were made just by his doing it. 

Petow, thus armed with a legatine power, advanced towards 
England, with full intent and resolution, either to force his ad 
mittance into the English court, or else to depart as he came. 

But queen Mary, though drenched (not drowned) in Popish 
principles, would not unprince herself to obey his Holiness ; and, 
understanding it a splenetic design against cardinal Pole, whom 
she entirely affected (wonder not at such differences betwixt 
anti-cardinals, whereas worse between anti-Popes) prohibited his 
entrance into the realm ; which Petow took so tenderly, that 
the April after he died in France, 1558. 


JOHN STRATFORD, son of Robert and Isabel Stratford, is no 
toriously known to be born at Stratford, an eminent market in 
this county. This makes me much admire, and almost suspect 
my own eyes, in what I read, both in archbishop Parker and 
bishop Godwin, " De cujus gente atque patria nihil accepi- 
mus." "De cujus viri natalibus traditum non reperi quic- 
quam."|| Being, by Papal provisions, preferred bishop of Win 
chester, without the royal consent, he fell into the disfavour of 
king Edward the Second, regaining his good will (by the inter 
cession of archbishop M^pham) ; and being a subject, not to 
the prosperity but person of his prince, he forsook him not in 
the greatest extremity. This cost him the displeasure of the 
queen mother and king Edward the Third, till at last, converted 
by his constancy, they turned their frowns into smiles upon 

* Bishop Godwin, ut supra. f Camden s Britannia, in Warwickshire. 

| Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of Cardinals. 
In the Life of Stratford. || Idem, ibidem. 


When archbishop of Canterbury, he persuaded king Edward 
the Third to invade France, promising to supply him with com 
petent provisions for the purpose : a promise not so proportion 
able to his archiepiscopal capacity as to him ; as he had been 
twice treasurer of England, and skilful in the collecting and ad 
vancing of money; so that he furnished the king with great sums 
at his first setting forth for France. 

These being spent before the year ended, the king sends over 
for a supply. Stratford, instead of coin, returns counsel, advis 
ing him to alter his officers ; otherwise, if so much was spent at 
a breakfast, the whole wealth of the land would not suffice him 
for dinner. 

Over comes the angry king, from whose fury Stratford was 
forced to conceal himself, until, publicly passing his purgation 
in parliament, he was restored to the reputation of his inno 
cence, and rectified in the king s esteem. He built, and bounti 
fully endowed, a beautiful college in the town of his nativity ; 
and, having sat archbishop fifteen years, died anno 1348, leaving 
a perfumed memory behind him, for his bounty to his servants, 
charity to the poor, meekness and moderation to all persons. 

RALPH STRATFORD (kinsman to the foresaid archbishop) 
was born in the town of Stratford on Avon, where he built a 
chapel to the honour of Saint Thomas.* He was first canon of 
Saint Paul s; and afterwards, May 12, 1339, was consecrated at 
Canterbury bishop of London. 

During his sitting in that see, there happened so grievous a 
pestilence in London, that hardly the tenth person in some 
places did escape. Then each church-yard was indeed a potyan- 
drum, so that the dead might seem to justle one another for 
room therein. Yea, the dead did kill the living, so shallowly 
were their heaped corpse interred. 

Whereupon this bishop charitably bought a piece of ground 
nigh Smithfield. It was called No-man s-land, not a parte 
ante, as formerly without an owner (seeing it had a proprietary 
of whom it was legally purchased) ; but de futuro, none having 
a particular interest therein, though indeed it was All-men s-land, 
as designed and consecrated for the general sepulture of the de 
ceased. This bishop having continued about fourteen years in 
his see, died at Stepney 1355. 

ROBERT STRATFORD (brother to the archbishop aforesaid) was, 
in the reign of king Edward the Third, made bishop of Chi- 
chester. He was at the same time chancellor of Oxford 
(wherein he was bred), and of all England ; honourable offices, 
which sometimes have met in the same person, though never 
more deservedly than in the present enjoyerf of them both. 

* Godwin, in the Bishops of London. 

t Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards the famous Earl of Clarendon. ED. 


In his time there was a tough contest betwixt the South and 
Northern-men in that university. They fell from their pens to 
their hands, using the contracted fist of martial logic, bloody 
blows passing betwixt them. This bishop did wisely and fortu 
nately bestir himself an arbitrator in this controversy,* being a 
proper person for such a performance, born in this county (in 
the very navel of England) ; so that his nativity was a natural 
expedient betwixt them, and his judgment was impartial in 
compromising the difference. 

He was accused to the king for favouring the French, with 
his brother archbishop ; contented patiently to attend till preg 
nant Time was delivered of Truth her daughter ; and then this 
brace of prelates appeared brethren in integrity. He died at 
Allingbourn, April 9, 1362. 

JOHN VESTY, alias HARMAN, doctor of law, was born at 
Sutton Colefield in this county, bred in Oxford ; a most viva 
cious person, if the date of these remarks be seriously consi 
dered. 1. In the twentieth year of king Henry the Sixth, he 
was appointed to celebrate the divine service in the free chapel 
of Saint Blaise of Sutton aforesaid. 2. In the twenty-third year 
of Henry the Seventh, he was made vicar of Saint Michael s 
church in Coventry. 3. Under king Henry the Eighth, he was 
made clean of the chapel-royal, tutor to the lady Mary, and 
president of Wales. 4. In the eleventh of king Henry the 
Eighth, 1519, he was advanced to be bishop of Exeter. Which 
bishopric he destroyed, not only shaving the hairs (with long 
leases), but cutting away the limbs with sales outright, insomuch 
that bishop Hall, his successor in that see, complaineth in 
print, that the following bishops were barons, but bare- ones 

Some have confidently affirmed, in my hearing, that the 
word to veize (that is, in the west, to drive away with a wit 
ness) had its original from his prorogating of the lands of his 
bishopric ; but I yet demur to the truth hereof. 

He robbed his own cathedral to pay a parish church, Sutton 
in this county, where he was born, whereon he bestowed many 
benefactions, and built fifty-one houses. To enrich this his 
native town, he brought out of Devonshire many clothiers, with 
desire and hope to fix the manufacture of clothing there. All 
in vain ; for, as Bishop Godwin observeth, 

" Non omnis fert omnia tellus." 

Which (though true conjunctively., that all countries put toge 
ther bring forth all things to be mutually bartered by a recipro 
cation of trade,) is false disjunctively ; no one place affording all 
commodities, so that the cloth-workers here had their pains for 
their labour, and sold for their loss. 

* Brian Twine. 



It seems, though he brought out of Devonshire the fiddle and 
Jiddlestick, he brought not the resin, therewith to make good 
music ; and every country is innated with a peculiar genius, and 
is left-handed to those trades which are against their inclina 

He quitted his bishopric (not worth keeping) in the reign of 
king Edward the Sixth ; and no wonder he resumed it not in 
the reign of queen Mary, the bone not being worth the taking, 
the marrow being knocked out before. He died (being 103 
years old) in the reign of queen Mary; and was buried in his 
native town, with his statue mitred and vested. 


JOHN BIRD was born in the city of Coventry ;* bred a Car 
melite at Oxford, and became afterwards the thirty-first (the 
head game) and last Provincial of his order. He preached some 
smart sermons before king Henry the Eighth, against the pri 
macy of the Pope ; for which he was preferred (saith bishop 
Godwin) to be successively bishop of Ossery in Ireland, Bangor 
in Wales, and Chester in England. 

To the two last we concur; but dissent to the former, 
because John Bale, contemporary with this John Bird, and also 
bishop of Ossery (who therefore must be presumed skilful in 
his predecessors in that see) nameth him not bishop of Ossery, 
but " Episcopum Pennecensem in Hibernia." The same Bale 
saith of him, " Audivi eum ad Papismi vomitum reversum," (I 
have heard that in the reign of queen Mary he returned to the 
vomit of Popery) ; which my charity will not believe. Indeed 
in the first of queen Mary he was ousted of his bishopric for 
being married ; and all that we can recover of his carriage after 
wards is this passage at the examination of Master Thomas 
Haukes, martyr; when John Bird (then very old) brought 
Bonner a bottle of wine, and a dish of apples, probably a present 
unto him for a ne noceat ; and therefore not enough to speak 
him a Papist in his persuasion. 

Bishop Bonner desired him to take Haukes into his chamber, 
and to try if he could convert him : whereupon, after Bonner s 
departure out of the room, the quondam bishop accosted Haukes 
as followeth : 

" I would to God I could do you some good. You are a young 
man, and I would not wish you to go too far, but learn of the 
elders to bear somewhat/ f 

He enforced him no further ; but, being a thorough old man, 
even fell fast asleep. All this, in my computation, amounts but 
to a passive compliance, and is not evidence enough to make 
him a thorough- paced Papist ; the rather because John Pits 
omitteth him in the " Catalogue of English Writers," which no 

* Bale,de Scriptoribug Britannicis. 

t Fox s Acts and Monuments, p. 1588, and anno 1555. 


doubt he would not have done, had he any assurance that he 
had been a radicated Romanist. Nothing else have I to observe 
of him,, but only that he was a little man, and had a pearl in 
his eyes ; and, dying 1655, was buried in Chester. 


Sir NICHOLAS THROCKMORTOIV, Knight, fourth son of Sir 
George Throckmorton of Coughton in this county, was bred 
beyond the seas, where he attained to great experience. Under 
queen Mary he was in Guildhall arraigned for treason (compli 
ance with Wyat) ; and, by his own wary pleading, and the 
jury s upright verdict, hardly escaped. Queen Elizabeth em 
ployed him her lieger a long time, first in France, then in 
Scotland, finding him a most able minister of state ; yet got he 
no great wealth ; and no wonder, being ever of the opposite party 
to Burleigh, lord treasurer;* chamberlain of the Exchequer, and 
chief butler of England, were his highest preferments. I say 
chief butler, which office, like an empty covered cup, pretend- 
eth to some state, but affordeth no considerable profit. He 
died at supper with eating of salads, not without suspicion of 
poison, the rather because happening in the house of one no 
mean artist in that faculty, Robert earl of Leicester. His death, 
t was sudden, was seasonable for him and his, whose active 
(others will call it turbulent) spirit, had brought him into such 
trouble as might have cost him, at least, the loss of his personal 
He died, in the fifty-seventh year of his age, February 

i 1 fe h > i 570 and lieth buried in the south side of the chan 
cel of St. Katharine Cree church, London.J 

EDWARD CONWAY, Knight, son to Sir John Conway, knight, 

lord and owner of Ragleigh in this county. This Sir John 

mg a person of great skill in military affairs, was made by 

Robert earl of Leicester (general of the English auxiliaries in 

the United Provinces) governor of Ostend, His son Sir 

award succeeded to his father s martial skill and valour, and 

therewith peaceable policy in state affairs ; so that the 

gown and the sword met in Jiim in most eminent proportion ; 

and thereupon king Jarnes made him one of the principal 

secretaries of state. 

For these his good services he was by him created lord Con- 

Kagleigh in this county ; and afterwards, by king Charles, 

Dunt Killultagh in the county of Antrim; and lastly, in the 

Charles, viscount Conway of Conway in Carnar 

vonshire; England, Ireland, and Wales mutuallv embracing 

themselves in his honours. He died January the third, annS 

Sl^f? T l 1569 t Idem, anno ,570. 

suvrey of London, p. 149. 



JOHN DIGBY, baron of Sherborne, and earl of Bristol, was 
born in this county, a younger son of an ancient family, long 
flourishing at Coleshull, therein. To pass by his infancy, (all 
children being alike in their long coats), his youth gave preg 
nant hopes of that eminency which his mature age did produce. 

He did ken the ambassador-craft as well as any in his age ; 
employed by king James in several services to foreign princes, 
recited in his patent (which I have perused) as the main motives 
of the honours conferred upon him. But his managing the 
matchless match with Spain was his master-piece, wherein a 
good (I mean a great) number of state-traverses were used on 
both sides. 

His contest with the duke of Buckingham is fresh in many 
men s memories, charges of high treason mutually flying 
about. But this lord fearing the duke s power (as the duke 
this lord s policy) it at last became a drawn battle between them ; 
yet so that this earl lost the love of king Charles, living many 
years in his dis- favour : but such as are in a court-cloud have 
commonly the country s sunshine ; and this peer, during his 
eclipse, was very popular with most of the nation. 

It is seldom seen that a favourite once broken at court sets 

up again for himself; the hap rather than happiness of this 

lord; the king graciously reflecting on him, at the beginning of 

the Long Parliament, as one best able to give him the safest 

counsel in those dangerous times. But how he incensed the 

parliament so far as to be excepted pardon, I neither do know 

nor dare inquire, Sure I am, after the surrender of Exeter, he 

went over into France, where he met with due respect in foreign, 

which he missed in his native country. The worst I wish such 

who causelessly suspect him of Popish inclinations is, that I 

may hear from them but half so many strong arguments for the 

Protestant religion, as I have heard from him, who was, to his 

commendation, a cordial champion for the church of England. 

He died in France, about the year 1650. 


WALTER of COVENTRY was born and bred a Benedictine 
therein.* Bale saith he was " immortali vir dignus memtfrid," 
and much commended by Leland (though not of set purpose, 
but) sparsim, as occasion is offered, He excelled in the two, 
essential qualities of an historian, faith and method, writing truly 
and orderly, only guilty of coarseness of style. This may 
better be dispensed with in him, because " Historia est res veri- 
tatis, non eloquentise," because bad Latin was a catching disease 
in that age. From the beginning of the Britons he wrote a 
chronicle (extant in Bene t College library) to his own time. 
He flourished anno 

Bale, de Scriptoribua Britannicis, Cent. iii. num. 74. 


VINCENT of COVENTRY was born in the chief city in this 
shire, and bred a Franciscan (though learned Leland mistakes 
him a Carmelite) in the university of Cambridge.* 

His order, at their first entrance into England, looked upon 
learning as a thing beneath them ; so totally were they taken 
up with their devotion. This Vincent was the first who brake 
the ice (and then others of his order drank of the same water) ; 
first applied himself to academical studies, and became a pub 
lic professor in Cambridge.t He set a copy for the Carmelites 
therein to imitate, who not long after began their public lec 
tures in the same place. He left some books to posterity, and 
flourished anno Domini 1250. 

JOHN of KILLINGWORTH, born in that castelled village in 
this county ; bred in Oxfordshire, an excellent philosopher, 
astronomer, and physician. He studied the stars so long, that 
at last he became a star himself in his own sphere, and out- 
shined all others of that faculty. He was father and founder to 
all the astronomers of that age. I never did spring such a 
covey of mathematicians all at once, as I met with at this time ; 
Cervinus or Hart, Cure, John Stacy, and Black, all bred in 
Merton College ;J which society, in the former century, applied 
themselves to school divinity; in this, to mathematics : and 
attained to eminency in both ; so good a genius acted within 
the walls of that worthy foundation. He flourished about the 
year 1360. 

WILLIAM of COVENTRY was born and bred a Carmelite in 
that city. He in his youth was afflicted with an unhealable 
sprain in his hip, and was commonly called Claudus Conversus, 
which I adventure to English, " The Lame Converted." 

Conversus properly is one who, for lack of learning, or defor 
mity of body, is condemned to the servile work in the monas 
tery, under a despair ever to be made priest ; termed, it seems, 
Conversus, because not of voluntary choice turning to that 
course of life, but turned (as passively necessitated) thereunto. 

But hear how J. Pits clincheth in his praise : " Claudicavit 
corporis gressu, non virtutis progressu ; vitiatus corpore, nori 
vitiosus animo," being in his writings full of sentences ; amongst 
which, Bale takes especial notice of his " Prodesset hierosoly- 
mam petere et alia invisere loca sacra, sed multum preestaret eo 
precio pauperes alere domi ;" wherein, though I perceive no more 
sententiousness than common sense, yet because it containeth a 
bold truth in those blind days, it may be mentioned. He never 
set his name to his books ; but it may (according to the friarly 

;. * Thomas Ecclestone, in Chronicle of Franciscans, 
t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 12. 
j Idem, Cent. vi. num. 10. Pits, de Scriptoribus Anglise, anno 1360. 


fancy) be collected out of the capital letters of his several 
works; who flourished anno 1360. 

JOHN ROUSE, son of Jeffery Rouse, was born at Warwick, 
but descended from the Rouses of Brinkloe in this county. He 
was bred in Oxford, where he attained to great eminency of 
learning. He afterwards retired himself to Guy s Cliffe, within 
a mile of Warwick. 

A most delicious place, so that a man in many miles riding 
cannot meet so much variety, as there one furlong doth afford. 
A steep rock, full of caves in the bowels thereof, washed at the 
bottom with a crystal river, besides many clear springs on the 
side thereof, all overshadowed with a stately grove ; so that an 
ordinary fancy may here find to itself Helicon, Parnassus, and 
whatnot? Many hermits (and Guy earl of Warwick himself ) 
being sequestered from the world, retreated hither. Some will 
say it is too gaudy a place for that purpose, as having more of 
a paradise than wilderness therein, so that men s thoughts 
would rather be scattered than collected with such various ob 
jects. But, seeing hermits deny themselves the company of 
men, let them be allowed to converse with the rarities of 
nature ; and such are the fittest texts for a solitary devotion to 
comment upon. 

To this place came our John Rouse ; and, by leave obtained 
from king Edward the Fourth, immured himself therein, that 
he might apply his studies without distraction. Here he wrote 
of "The Antiquities of Warwick," with a Catalogue of the 
Earls thereof ; a Chronicle of our English Kings ; and a His 
tory of our Universities. He was as good with the pencil as 
with the pen, and could draw persons as well as describe them, 
as appears by lively pictures limned with his own hand. He 
died, a very aged man, anno Domini T491. 


WILLIAM PERKINS was born at Marston in this county; 
bred fellow of Christ s College, and then became preacher of 
St. Andrew s in Cambridge. 

The Athenians did "nothing else but tell or hear some new 
thing." : Why tell before hear ? Because, probably, they 
themselves were the first finders, founders, and fathers of 
many reports. I should turn such an Athenian to feign and 
invent, should I add any thing concerning this worthy person, 
whose life I have formerly written at large in my " Holy State." 
He died anno Domini 1602. 

THOMAS DRAX, D.D. was born at Stoneleigh in this county, 
his father being a younger brother of a worshipful family, which 

* Acts xvii. 21. 


for many years had lived at Woodhall in Yorkshire ; he was 
bred in Christ s College in Cambridge. He was a pious man, 
and an excellent preacher, as by some of his printed sermons 
doth appear. He translated all the works of master Perkins 
(his countryman and collegiate) into Latin, which were printed 
at Geneva. Doctor King, bishop of London, removed him 
from his native county, and bestowed a benefice on him nigh 
Harwich in Essex, where the change of the air was conceived to 
hasten his great change, which happened about the year 1616. I 
cannot forget how this worthy name of Drax may be resembled 
to the river Anas in Spain, which, having run many miles under 
ground, surgeth a greater channel than before. They have flou 
rished at Woodhall aforesaid, in the parish of Darfield, ever 
since a co-heir of the noble family of Fitzwilliams brought that 
good manor (with the alternate gift of the mediety of the rich 
parsonage therein) in marriage into this family, as since by an 
heir-general it hath been alienated. But, after many various 
changes, this name hath recovered and increased its lustre in 
Sir James Drax, a direct descendant from the heirs-male, who, 
by God s blessing on his industry and ingenuity, hath merited 
much of the English nation, in bringing the sugars and other 
commodities of the Barbadoes to their present perfection. 

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE was born at Stratford on Avon in 
this county ; in whom three eminent poets may seem in some 
sort to be compounded. 1 . Martial, in the warlike sound of 
his surname (whence some may conjecture him of a military 
extraction) Hasti-vibrans, or Shake-speare. 2. Ovid, the most 
natural and witty of all poets ; and hence it was that queen 
Elizabeth, coming into a grammar-school, made this extem 
porary verse, 

" Persius a crab-staffe, bawdy Martial, Ovid a flue wag." 

3. Plautus, who was an exact comedian, yet never any scholar, 
as our Shakspeare (if alive) would confess himself. Add to all 
these, that though his genius generally was jocular, and inclin 
ing him to festivity, yet he could (when so disposed) be solemn 
and serious, as appears by his tragedies ; so that Heraclitus 
himself (I mean if secret and unseen) might afford to smile at 
his comedies, they were so merry ; and Democritus scarce for 
bear to sigh at his tragedies, they were so mournful. 

He was an eminent instance of the truth of that rule, " Poeta 
non fit sed nascitur," (one is not made but born a poet.) 
Indeed his learning was very little ; so that, as Cornish dia 
monds are not polished by any lapidary, but are pointed and 
smoothed even as they are taken out of the earth, so Nature 
itself was all the art which was used upon him. 

Many were the wet-combats betwixt him and Ben Jonson ; 
which two I behold like a Spanish great galleon and an English 
man-of-war: master Jonson (like the former) was built far 


higher in learning; solid, but slow, in his performances. 
Shakespeare, with the English man-of-war, lesser in bulk, but 
lighter in sailing, could turn with all tides, tack about, and take 
advantage of all winds, by the quickness of his wit and inven 
tion. He died anno Domini 1616,* and was buried at Stratford- 
upon-Avon, the town of his nativity. 

MICHAEL DRAYTON, born in this county at Atherston, as 
appeareth in his poetical address thereunto : 

" My native country, 

If there be virtue yet remaining in thy earth, 
Or any good of thine thou breath st into my birth, 
Accept it as thine own, whilst now I sing of thee ; 
Of all thy later brood th unwortbiest though I be."f 

He was a pious poet, his conscience having always the com 
mand of his fancy ; very temperate in his life, slow of speech, 
and inoffensive in company. He changed his laurel for a crown 
of glory, anno 1631 ; and is buried in Westminster abbey, near 
the south door, with this epitaph : 

" Do, pious marble, let thy readers know, 

What they and what their children owe 

To Drayton s name, whose sacred dust 

"We recommend unto thy trust. 
Protect his memory, and preserve his story, 
Remain a lasting monument of his glory : 

And when thy ruins shall disclaim 

To be the treasurer of his name ; 

His name that cannot fade, shall be 

An everlasting monument to thee." 

He was born within a few miles of William Shakespeare, his 
countryman and fellow poet ; and buried within fewer paces of 
Jeffrey Chaucer and Edmund Spenser. 

Sir FULKE GREVIL Knight, son to Sir Fulke Grevilthe elder, 
of Becham Court in this county. He was bred first in the uni 
versity of Cambridge. He came to the court, backed with a 
full and fair estate ; and queen Elizabeth loved such substantial 
courtiers as could plentifully subsist of themselves. He was a 
good scholar, loving much to employ (and sometimes to advance) 
learned men, to whom worthy bishop Overal chiefly owed his 
preferment, and Mr. Camden (by his own confession) tasted 
largely of his liberality. J 

His studies were most in poetry and history, as his works do 
witness. His style, conceived by some to be swelling, is allowed 
for lofty and full by others. King James created him baron 
Brook of Beauchamp Court, as descended from the sole 
daughter and heir of Edward Willoughby, the last lord Brook, in 
the reign of king Henry the Seventh. 

* This date was left partly blank by Dr. Fuller. ED. f Song xiii. p. 213 . 

J In his Britannia, in Warwickshire. 



His sad death, or murder rather, happened on this occasion. 
His discontented servant, conceiving his deserts not soon or 
well enough rewarded, wounded him mortally ; and then (to 
save the law the labour) killed himself, verifying the observation, 
that he may when he pleaseth be master of another man s 
life, who contemneth his own." 

He lieth buried in Warwick church, under a monument of 
black and white marble, whereon he is styled " servant to queen 
Elizabeth, counsellor to king James, and friend to Sir Philip 
Sidney." Dying September 30, 1628, without issue, and un 
married, his barony, by virtue of entail in the patent, descended 
on his kinsman Robert Grevil lord Brook, father to the right 
honourable Robert lord Brook. 

NICHOLAS BYFIELD was born in this county (as his son* 
hath informed me) bred (as I remember) in Queen s College in 
Oxford. After he had entered into the ministry, he was invited 
into Ireland, to a place of good profit and eminency ; in passage 
whereunto, staying wind-bound at Chester, his inn proved his 
home for a long time unto him, preaching a sermon there with 
such approbation, that he was chosen minister in the city ; not 
without an especial providence, seeing the place promised in 
Ireland would have failed him, and his going over had been a 
labour in vain. The Cestrians can give the best account of 
his profitable preaching and pious life, most strict in keeping 
the Lord s-day, on which occasion pens were brandished betwixt 
him and Mr. Breerwood. 

In his declining age he was presented to the benefice of Isle- 
worth in Middlesex, where for fifteen years together he preach 
ed twice every Lord s-day, and expounded Scripture every Wed 
nesday and Friday, till five weeks before his death, notwithstand 
ing there was mors in olla (a stone in his bladder), which, being 
taken out, weighed, and measured after his death, was found of 
these prodigious proportions : 1 . In weight, thirty-three ounces 
and more : 2. In measure about the edge, fifteen inches and a 
half: 3. In measure about the length, thirteen inches and above : 
4. In measure about the breadth, almost thirteen inches.f It 
was of a solid substance to look upon, like a flint. "Lo, 
here is the patience of the saints." All I will add is this, the 
Pharisee said proudly, " I thank thee, Lord, I am not as this 
Publican." Let writer and reader say humbly and thankfully 
to God, ( We are not as this truly painful preacher ; and let us 
labour, that, as our bodies are more healthful, our souls may be 
as holy as his," who died and was buried at Isleworth. 

_S. N.J PHILEMON HOLLAND, where born is to me un 
known, was bred in Trinity College in Cambridge a doctor in 

Mr. Adoniram Byfield, who promised to leave larger instructions of his father s 

life ; but I received them not F. 

f Dr. Gouje s Preface to Posthume Works of Mr. Byfield. 


physic, and fixed himself in Coventry. He was the translator 
general in his age, so that those books alone of his turning into 
English will make a country gentleman a competent library for 
historians ; insomuch that one saith, 

" Holland with his translations doth so fill us, 
He will not let Suetonius be Tranquillus." 

Indeed some decry all translators as interlopers, spoiling the 
trade of learning, which should be driven amongst scholars 
alone. Such also allege, that the best translations are works ra 
ther of industry than judgment, and (in easy authors) of faith 
fulness rather than industry ; that many be but bunglers, forc 
ing the meaning of the authors they translate, "picking the 
lock when they cannot open it." 

But their opinion presents too much of envy, that such gentle 
men who cannot repair to the fountain should be debarred ac 
cess to the stream. Besides, it is unjust to charge all with the 
faults of some; and a distinction must be made amongst 
translators, betwixt coblers and workmen, and our Holland had 
the true knack of translating. 

Many of these his books he wrote with one pen, whereon he 
himself thus pleasantly versified : 

" With one sole pen I writ this book, 

Made of a grey goose quill ; 
A pen it was when it I took, 
And a pen I leave it still. 

This monumental pen he solemnly kept, and shewed to my 
reverend tutor Doctor Samuel Ward. It seems he leaned very 
lightly on the nib thereof, though weightily enough in another 
sense, performing not slightly but solidly what he undertook. 

But what commendeth him most to the praise of posterity is, 
his translating Camden s Britannia, a translation more than a 
translation, with many excellent additions, not found in the 
Latin, done fifty years since in Master Camden s life-time, not 
only with his knowledge and consent, but also, no doubt, by his 
desire and help. Yet such additions (discoverable in the for 
mer part with asterisks in the margin) with some antiquaries 
obtain not equal authenticalness with the rest. This eminent 
translator was translated to a better life, anno Domini 1636.* 

FRANCIS HOLYOAKE (Latining himself de sacra Quercu), and 
minister of Southam, born at Whitacre in this county. He set 
forth that stable-book which school-boys called " Rider s Dic 
tionary." This Rider did borrow (to say no worse) both his 
saddle and bridle from Thomas Thomatius, who, being bred 
fellow of King s College in Cambridge, set forth that dictionary 
known by his name ; than which, men have not a better and 
truer; children no plainer and briefer. But Rider, after 

* The date left blank by Dr. Fuller. ED. 


Thomas s death, set forth his dictionary, the same in effect, 
under his own name, the property thereof being but little dis 
guised with any additions. 

Such plagiaryship ill becometh authors or printers ; and the 
dove being the crest of the Stationers arms, should mind them, 
not (like rooks) to filch copies one from another. The excutors 
of Thomas Thomasius entering an action against Rider, oc 
casioned him, in his own defence, to make those numerous ad 
ditions to his dictionary, that it seems to differ rather in kind 
than degree from his first edition. 

I am forced to place this child, rather with his guardian than 
father ; I mean, to mention this dictionary rather under the 
name of Master Holvoake than Rider, both because the resi- 


dence of the latter is wholly unknown to me, and because Mr. 
Holyoake added many (as his learned son hath since more) 
wonders thereunto. This Master Holyoake died October 2, 
anno Domini 1661. 

JAMES CRANFORD was born at Coventry in this county 
(where his father was a divine and school-master of great note) ; 
bred in Oxford, beneficed in Northamptonshire ; and afterwards 
removed to London, to Saint Christopher s. A painful preacher 
and exact linguist, subtil disputant, orthodox in his judgment, 
sound against sectaries, well acquainted with the Fathers, not 
unknown to the schoolmen, and familiar with the modern 
divines. Much his humility, being James the Less in his own 
esteem, and therefore ought to be the greater in ours. He had, 
as I may say, a broad-chested soul, favourable to such who dif 
fered from him. His moderation increased with his age, charity 
with his moderation ; and he had a kindness for all such who had 
any goodness in themselves. He had many choice books, and 
(not like to those who may lose themselves in their own libra 
ries, being owners, not masters, of their books therein) had his 
books at such command as the captain has his soldiers, so that 
he could make them, at pleasure, go or come, and do what he 
desired. This lame and loyal Mephibosheth (as I may term 
him) sadly sympathising with the suffering of church and state, 
died rather infirm than old, anno 1657- 


WILLIAM BISHOP was born in this county, saith my author,* 
ex nobili familia. Inquiring after his surname in this shire, 
I find one John Bishop, gentleman, patron of Brails in this 
county, who died anno 1601, aged 92, being a Protestant, as ap- 
peareth by his epitaph ;t who, according to proportion of time, 
might in all probability be his father, the rather because he is 

* Pits, de Illustribus Anglioe Scriptoribus, in anno 1612. 
f Mr. Dugdale, in his Illustrations of Warwickshire. 


said " Parentes et ampli patrimonii spem reliquisse," (to have 
left his parents., and the hope of a fair inheritance.) 

Reader, a word by the way of the word Nobilis, which sound- 
eth high in English ears, where barons youngest children are 
the lowest step of nobility ; whilst Nobilis from the pen of a 
foreigner generally importeth no more than an ordinary gentle 

It was not long since my weakness was employed to draw up, 
in Latin, a testimonial for a high German, who indeed was of 
honourable extraction ; and, according to direction, I was ad 
vised to style him Generosissimum ac Nobilissimum. For Gene- 
rosus (which runneth so low in England) in Saxony doth carry 
it clear as the more honourable epithet. Thus words, like 
counters, stand for more or less according to custom. Yea, 
Latin words are bowed in their modern senses, according to the 
acception of several places. 

This bishop, leaving the land, went first to Rheims, then to 
Rome, where he was made priest ; and, being sent back into 
England, met with variety of success: 1. Being seized on, he 
was brought before the secretary Walsingham, and by him 
committed to the Marshalsey : 2. After three years, being ba 
nished the realm, he became a doctor of Sorbonne : 3. He re 
turned into England, and for nine years laboured in the Popish 
harvest : 4. By their clergy he was employed a messenger to 
Rome, about some affairs of importance: 5. His business dis 
patched, he returned the third time into England ; and, after 
eight years industry therein, to advance his own cause, was 
caught and cast into prison at London, where he remained about 
the year 1612 : 6. Soon after he procured his enlargement; and, 
anno 1615, lived at Paris, in Collegia Atrebatensi. 

Men of his persuasion cry him up for a most glorious confessor 
of their Popish faith, who (if any goodness in him) should also 
be a thankful confessor of the Protestant charity, permitting 
him twice to depart prison (on hope of his amendment) though 
so active an instrument against our religion. No such courtesy 
of Papists to Protestants ; vestigia nulla restrorsum ; no return 
(especially the second time) out of durance ; the first disease 
being dangerous, but deadly their relapse into a prison. But 
perchance this William Bishop found the more favour, because 
our churchmen accounting it too much severity to take away 
both his credit and his life, both to conquer and kill him, 
seeing this priest, whilst in prison, was often worsted (though 
his party bragged of victory) both by tongues and pens, in dis- 
putings and writings, of several Protestants, amongst whom 
Robert Abbot (afterwards bishop of Salisbury) gave him the 
most fatal defeat. The certain date of his death is to me un 

* Our countryman, Pits, did foreignize with long living beyond the seas. -F. 



HUGH CLOPTON was born at Stratford, a fair market town 
in this county, bred a Mercer in London, and at last lord mayor 
thereof anno 1491. Remembering that his native town stood 
on Avon (a river in summer, and little sea in winter), trouble 
some for travellers to pass over ; he, in lieu of the former in 
convenient conveyance, built a stately and long stone bridge, of 
many arches, over the channel and overflowings thereof. 

I behold this bridge more useful, though less costly, than what 
Caligula made, termed by Suetonius* "novum et.-inauditum 
spectaculi genus," reaching from Putzel to Bauly, three miles 
and a quarter. This was only a pageant bridge for pomp, set 
up to be soon taken down, whereof Lipsius said well, " Laudem 
immenso operi vanitas detrahit." But our Clopton s bridge re- 
maineth at this day, even when the college in the same town, 
built by archbishop Stratford, is (as to the intended use thereof) 
quite vanished away. Indeed bridges are the most lasting bene 
factions, all men being concerned in their continuance, lest, by 
destroying them, they destroy themselves, not knowing how soon, 
for their own safety, they may have need to make use thereof. 
Many other charities he bestowed; and deceased anno 1496. 


JOHN HALES, Esq. He purchased a prime part of the 
priory of Coventry. Now, either out of his own inclination, or 
as a condition of his composition with king Henry the Eighth, 
or a mixture of both, he founded and endowed a fair grammar- 
school in Coventry. Herein I have seen more (abate the three 
English schools of the first magnitudef) and as well-learned 
scholars (be it spoken that the master, usher, and scholars 
may, according to their proportions, divide the praise betwixt 
them) as in any school in England. Here is also an infant, 
which may be an adult library, when it meeteth with more be 

JOHN Lord HARRINGTON, son to James Lord Harrington, 
was born at Combe Abbey in this county (accruing unto him 
by his mother, heiress of Kelway), as by a property of that 
family, lately (or still) surviving, I have, on very strict inquiry, 
been certainly informed. 

He did not count himself privileged from being good, by 
being great; and his timely piety rising early, did not soon 
after go to bed (as some young saints, beheld under another 
notion,) but continued watchful during his life. 

He was one of the first who began the pious fashion (since 
followed by few of his quality) of a diary, wherein he regis- 

In Vita Caligulae, cap. xix. 
f Eton, Westminster, and the Charter-house ED. 


tered, not the injuries of others done unto him (a work of 
revenge not devotion), but of his failings and infirmities toward 
his Master. Thus making even with the God of Heaven, by 
repentance in Christ at the end of every day, " he had," to use 
the expression and counsel of the reverend archbishop of Ar 
magh, " but one day to repent of before his death." 

He lived out all his days in the appointment of Divine Pro 
vidence, not half of them according to the course and possibility 
of Nature, not half a quarter of them according to the hopes 
and desires of the lovers and honourers of virtue in this nation, 
especially of the society in Sidney College in Cambridge, whereto 
he was a most bountiful benefactor. He was the last male of 
that honourable family, as one justly complains : " JOHANNES 

The reader is referred for the rest unto his funeral sermon 
preached by master Stock of London, who, though he would 
not (to use his own phrase) " gild a potsherd ;" understand 
him, " flatter unworthiness ;" yet giveth him his large and due 
commendation. He died unmarried, anno 1614, leaving his 
two sisters his heirs : Lucy, married to Edward earl of Bed 
ford ; and Anne, who by Sir Robert Chichester had a daughter, 
Anne, married to Thomas earl of Elgin, and mother to Robert 
lord Bruce,f who is at this day heir apparent to no small part 
of the lands, but actually possessed of a larger of the virtues of 
his honourable great-uncle. 


THOMAS UNDERBILL, Esq. was born at Nether-Eaten don 
in this county. It is pity to part him from Elizabeth his 
wife, seeing the poetical fiction of Philemon and Baucis found 
in them an historical performance with improvement : 

Seil p ia Baucis unus pari/iqve (Elate Philemon 
Illii sitJit minis jnnctijuvcnUibuf:, ilia 
Consemtere cas& : pcnipertateniquefatendo 
Effeceic leuein, nee iidqutl menle ferendam, 

" But good old Baucis with Philemon, match d 

In youthful years, now struck with equal age, 
Made poorness pleasant in their cottage thatch d, 
And weight of want with patience did assuage." 

Whereas this our Warwickshire pair, living in a worshipful 
equipage, and exemplary for their hospitality, did teach others, 
not how poverty might be borne, but wealth well used (by their 
example) for the owners and others good. 

The Ovidian couple appear issueless ; whereas twenty chil- 

* H. Holland, Heroologia, p. 139. 

f Robert Lord Bruce was created Earl of Aylesbury, March 18, 1664; Lord 
Chamberlain of the King s Household, July 30, 1685; and died on the 20th of 
October following ED. 

u 2 


dren, viz. thirteen sons and seven daughters, were begotten and 
born by this Thomas and Elizabeth, living sixty-five years 
together in marriage. 

Indeed, the poetical pair somewhat outstripped them in the 
happiness of their death, their request being granted them : 

Et qutmiam Concordes egimus annos, 

Aufe.rat linra duos eadem : nee conjugis unquam 
Jiusta mea>. videam : nee sim tumulandus ab ill&. 
" Because we liv d and lov d so long together, 
Let s not behold the funerals of either ; 
May one hour end us both ! may I not see 
This my wife buried, nor wife bury me !" 

However, these Underbills deceased in one year; she in 
July, he in October following, 1603.* 


1. John Coventry,t son of William Coventry, of Coventry, 

Mercer, 1425. 

2. John Olney, son of John Olney, of Coventry, Mercer, 1446. 

3. Robert Tate, son of Thomas Tate, of Coventry, Mercer, 1488. 

4. Hugh Clopton, son of John Clopton, of Stratford-upon- 

Avon, Mercer, 1491. 

5. John Tate, son of Thomas Tate, of Coventry, - , 1496. 

6. William Cockain, son of William Cockain, of Baddesley, 

Skinner, 1619. 
7 John Warner, son of John Warner, of Rowington, Grocer. 



SIXTH, A.D. 1433. 

William bishop of Lincoln, and Richard earl of Warwick; 

John Cotes, and Nicholas Metley, (knights for the shire) ; 

Commissioners to take the oaths. 

Radul. Nevill, mil. Bald. Mountford de Hampton, 

Joh. Colepeper, mil. . arm. 

Will. Mounford, mil. Rad. Brasebrugg de Kinnes- 

Edw. Oddingsselles, mil. bury, arm. 

Tho. Burdet, mil. Will. Lucy de Charlecote, arm. 

Rich. Otherston, Abbatis de Tho. Hugford de Emescote, 

Camba. arm. 

Will. Pole, Abbatis de Alyn- Tho. Erdington de Erdington, 

cestre. arm. 

Joh. Buggeley, Abbatis de Rob. Arden de Bromwich, arm. 

Miravalle. Will. Puefrey de Shiford, arm. 

Edw. Bronflete de Farnburgh, Rog. Harewell de Morehall, 

arm. arm. 

* See their monument in the church of Nether-Eatendon. 

f I suspect this Catalogue (though taken out of Mr. Stow) imperfect, and that 
Sir William Hollis, lord-mayor (and builder of Coventry-cross) was this country 
man F. 



Rich. Hyband de Ippesley, 


Will. Botoner de Wythybroke. 
Job. Midlemore de Eggebas- 

ton, arm. 

Thome Porter de Eseote, arm. 
Tho. Sydenhall de Tonworth, 


Tho. Waryng de eadem, arm. 
Rich. Verney, arm. de Wolver- 


Tho. Grene de Solyhull, arm. 
Job. Chetwyn de Alspath, 


Job. Waldiene de eadem, arm. 
Nich. Ruggeley de Donton, 


Will. Holt de Aston, arm. 
Rich. Merbroke de Codbarow, 

Galf. Allefley de Parva Lalle- 


Tho. Greswold de Solyhull. 
Tho. Haynton de Napton. 
Will. Parker de Tonworth. 
Edm. Starkey de Stretton. 
Ranul. Starky de eadem. 
Will. Derset de Thurlaston. 
Rich. Hall de Stretford. 
Job. Mayell de eadem. 
Simon. Forster de Altherston. 
Clemen. Draper de eadem. 
Johan. Darant de Berston. 
Rog. Mullward de Nuneton. 
Johan. Omfrey de eadem. 
Johan. Waryn de eadem. 
Hum. Jacob de Tamworth. 
Tho. Neuton de eadem. 
Math. Smalwode de Sutton. 

Rich. Dalby de Brokhampton. 

Rich. Eton de Warwick. 

Hum. Corbet. 

Johan. Aleyn de Berford. 

Tho. Jakes de Woner. 

Rog. Clerk de Tatchbrook. 

Rich. Briches de Longedon. 

Will. Reynold de Attilburgh. 

Job. Michell, Majoris civitatis 

Will. Donington, unius Balli- 
vorum civitatis predictse. 

Rob. Southam, alteriiis Balli- 
vorum civitatis predictse. 

Egidii Allesley, Magistri Gil- 
dee Sanctee Trinitatis de 

Lauren. Cook de Coventria, 

Rich. Sharp de eadem, Mer 

Richardi Boton de eadem, 

Job. Lychefeld de eadem, gra- 

Job. Walle de eadem, fishmon 

Job. Leder de Coventria, mer 

Tho. Estop, Magistri Gildse 
Sanctse Trinitatis Warwick. 

Nich. Rody de eadem. 

Job. Mayell de eadem, sen. 

Will. Hopkyns de eadem. 

Job. Broune de eadem, jun. 

Johan. Stokes de Henlen in 
Ardeon Gildae Villse Magis 
tri prsedicte. 

Johan. Thorp de Kolle, 


This shire was in conjunction, under the same sheriffs, with 
Leicestershire, until the 8th year of queen Elizabeth. Since 
which time Warwickshire hath these appropriate to itself. 


Ani:o Name and Arms. Place. 

9 Rob. Midlemore . . Edgbaston. 

Per chevron Arg. and S. ; in chief two martlets of the-second. 


Anno Name. Place. 

10 Bas. Feelding, arm. . . Newnham Park. 

Arg. on a fess Az. three fusils O. 

11 Sim. Ardern, arm. 

G. three cross croslets fitche ; a chief O. 

12 Fr. Willoughby, arm. . Middleton. 

O. on two bars G. three water-bougets Arg. 

13 He. Cumpton, mil. . . Cumpton. 

S. a lion passant O. inter three helmets Arg. 
Du. Cumpton. . . . Cumpton. 
Arms, ut prius. 

14 Ful. Grevile, mil. . . Beauchamp Court. 

S. a border and cross engrailed O. thereon five pellets. 

15 Sam. Marow, arm. . . Berkswell. 

Az. a fess engrailed betwixt three women s heads couped O. 

16 Edw. Arden, arm. 

17 Will. Boughton, arm. . Lawford. 

S. three crescents O. 

18 [AMP.] Hum. Ferrers, arm. 

19 Will. Catesby, mil. 

Arg. two lions passant S. 

20 Tho. Lucy, mil. . . Charlcott. 

G. crusulee O. three pikes [or lucies] hauriant Arg. 

21 Ed. Boughton, arm. . ut prius. 

22 Geo. Digby, arm. . . Coleshull. 

Az. a flower-de-luce Arg. 

23 Tho. Leigh, arm. . . Stoneleigh. 

G. a cross engrailed Arg. ; on the first quarter a lozenge 
of the second. 

24 Jo, Harington, mil. . . Comb- Abbey. 

S. a fret Arg. 

25 Edw. Holt, arm. . . . Aston. 

Arg. three flower-de-luces Az. 

26 Ful. Grevill, mil. , . ut prius. 

27 An. Shuckburgh, arm. . Shugbury. 

S. a chevron betwixt three mullets Arg. 

28 Th. Daubrigcourt . . Solihul. 

Erm. three bars humet G. 

29 Hum. Ferrers, arm. . . ut prius. 

30 Will. Feelding, arm. . ut prius. 

31 Will. Boughton, arm. . ut prius. 

32 Rich. Verney, arm. . . Compton Murdak. 

Az. on a cross Arg. three mullets G. 

33 Will. Leigh, mil. 

34 Rad. Hubaud, arm. 

35 Ge. Devereux, arm. . Castle Bramwich. 

^ Arg. a fess G. ; in chief three torteaux. 

36 Edw. Grevill, arm. . . ut prius, 

37 Tho. Leigh, mil. . . . ut prius. 



Anno Name. Place. 

38 Rob. Burgoyn, arm. 

G. a chevron O. between three talbots on chief embattled 
Arg. as many martlets S. 

39 Cle. Fisher, arm. . . Packington. 

Arg. a chevron Vairy between three lions rampant G. 

40 Sam. Marowe, arm. . ut prius. 

41 Tho. Hoult/arm. . . ut prius. 

42 Tho. Lucy, mil. . . . ut prius. 

43 Rob. Burdett .... Bramcot. 

Az. two bars O. on each three martlets G. 

44 Will. Peyto, arm. . . Chesterton. 

Barry of six pieces Arg. and G. per pale indented and 

45 Barth. Hales. 

G. three arrows O. feathered and headed Arg. 


1 Barth. Hales, arm. . . ut prius, 

2 Rich. Verney, mil. . . ut prius. 

3 Tho, Beaufoe, mil. . . Guise Cliff. 

Erm. on a bend Az. three cinquefoils O. 

4 Ed. Boughton, arm. . ut prius. 

5 Will. Combe, arm. 

6 And, Archer, arm. . . Tanworth. 

Az. three arrows O. 

7 Will. Somervile, mil. 

Arg. on a fess between three annulets G. as many leo 
pards heads of the first. 

8 Bas. Feelding, arm. . . ut prius. 

9 Tho. Lucy, mil. . . . ut prius. 

10 Cle. Throgmorton . . Hasley. 

G. on a chevron Arg. three bars gemelles S. 

11 Joh. Reppington, arm. 

12 Joh. Ferrers, mil. 

13 Will. Combe, arm. . . ut prius. 

14 Wai, Devereux, mil. . ut prius. 

15 Joh. Shuckburgh, arm. ut prius. 

16 Fran. Leigh, mil. . . Newnham. Regis. 

Arms, ut prius, with due difference. 

17 Rob. Lee, mil. 

18 Th. Temple, mil. et bar. Dasset. 

Arg. on two bars S. six martlets O. 

19 Will. Noell, arm, 

O. fretty G. a canton Erm. 

20 Joh. Huebaud, arm. 

21 Tho. Puckering, mil. . Warwick. 

S. a bend fussilly cotised Arg. 


Anno Name. Place. 

22 Her. Underbill, mil. . . Eatendon. 

Arg. a chevron G. between three trefoils Vert. 


1 Joh. Newdigate, arm. . Erdbury. 

G. three lions gambes [or paws] erased Arg. 

2 Sim. Archer, mil. . ,> . ut prius. 

3 Rob. Fisher, mil. ut prius. 

4 Geo. Devereux, arm. . ut prius, 

5 Rog. Burgoin, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Will. Purefoy, arm. . . ut prius. 

S. three pair of gauntlets arming [or clipping] Arg. 

7 Will. Boughton, arm. . ut prius. 

8 Tho. Lucy, mil. . . . ut prius. 

9 Sim. Clerke, mil. . , Sulford. 

G. three swords in fess, the points erect proper. 

10 Rich. Murden, arm. . . Morton. 

Erm. on a chief S. a talbot passant Arg, 

11 Gre. Verney, mil. .. . ut prius, 

12 Tho. Leigh, mil. . . . ut prius. 

13 Ed. Underbill, mil. , . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Lisle, arm. 

15 Geo. Warner, arm. . . Wolston, 

Arg. on a chevron betwixt three boars heads S. couped G. 

16 Edw. Ferrars. . . . Badesley. 

G. seven mascles conjunct, viz. three, and one, O. ; a can 
ton Erm. 


19 V Spatia h&c mihi bella dederunt. 

20 \ 

22 Rich. Lucy, arm. . . ut prius. 


27. AN. SHUGBURGII, Arm. Though the records belonging 
to this family have been embezzled, so that the links of their 
successions cannot be chained in a continued pedigree from 
their original; yet is their surname right ancient in the 
place of their name and habitation, giving for their arms the 
stones astroites (in heraldry reduced to mullets, which they 
most resemble) found within" their manor. 


2. RICHARD VERNEY, Mil. In his sheriffalty the powder- 
traifcors met at Dunchurch, at their appointed hunting match ; 
when, suspecting their plot discovered, they entered on such 


designs as their despair dictated unto them, scattering of scan 
dals, breaking of houses, stealing of horses, &c. But such the 
care of this Sir Richard to keep the peace of this county, that 
he hunted the hunters out of this into the next shire of Wor 

16. FRANCIS LEIGH, Mil. He was created Baron of Duns- 
more, and afterwards earl of Chichester, by king Charles the 
First. His eldest daughter and heir was married to Thomas 
earl of Southampton, his younger to George Villiers Discount 


2. SIMON ARCHER, Mil. This worthy knight is a lover of 
antiquity, and of the lovers thereof. I should be much dis 
heartened at his great age,* which promiseth to us no hope of 
his long continuance here, were I not comforted with the con 
sideration of his worthy son, the heir as well of his studious- 
ness as estate. 

12. THOMAS LEIGH, Mil. King Charles the First, at Oxford, 
created him, for his fidelity in dangerous times, Baron of Stone- 
leigh in this county ; and he is happy in his son Sir Thomas 
Leigh, who undoubtedly will dignify the honour which de- 
scendeth unto him. 


As for the fatal fight at Edgehill (called Keinton field, from 
the next market town thereunto), the actings therein are va 
riously related; and I confess myself not to have received any 
particular intelligence thereof. I will therefore crave leave to 
transcribe what followeth out of a short but worthy work of my 
honoured friend, confident of the authentical truth thereof :f 

" The fight was very terrible for the time, no fewer than five 
thousand men slain upon the place ; the prologue to a greater 
slaughter, if the dark night had not put an end unto that dis 

" Each part pretended to the victory ; but it went clearly on 
the king s side, who, though he lost his general, yet he kept the 
field, and possessed himself of the dead bodies ; and not so only, 
but he made his way open into London, and in his way forced 
Banbury castle, in the very sight, as it were, of the earl of Essex, 
who, with his flying army, made all the haste he could towards the 
City, (thathe might be there before the king), to secure the par 
liament. More certain signs there could not be of an absolute 

" In the battle of Taro, between the confederates of Italy and 
Charles the Eighth of France, it happened so thatthe confederates 

* He was born in 1581 ; and created a baronet in 1624. ED. 
t Dr. Heylin, in the History and Reign of King Charles. 


kept thefield, possessed themselves of the camp, baggage, and artil 
lery, which the French, in their breaking through, had left behind 
them. Hereupon a dispute was raised, to whom the honour 
of that day did of right belong ; which all knowing and impar 
tial men ! gave unto the French : for though they lost the field, 
their camp, artillery, and baggage, yet they obtained what they 
fought for, which was the opening of their way to France, and 
which their confederates did intend to deprive them of. Which 
resolution in that case may be a ruling case to this ; the king hav 
ing not only kept the field, possessed himself of the dead bodies, 
pillaged the carriages of the enemy, but forcibly opened his way 
towards London, which the enemy endeavoured to hinder, and 
finally entered triumphantly into Oxford, with no fewer than an 
hundred and twenty colours taken in the fight." 

Thus far my friend. Let me add, that what Sallust observeth 
of the conspirators with Catiline, "that where they stood in the 
fight whilst living, they covered the same place with their corpse 
when dead," was as true of the loyal gentry of Lincolnshire, with 
the earl of Linsey their countryman. Know also only that the over- 
soon and over-far pursuit of a flying party, with pillaging of the 
carriages (by some who prefer the snatching of wealth before the 
securing of victory), hath often been the cause why the conquest 
hath slipped out of their fingers, who had it in their hands ; and 
had not some such miscarriage happened here, the royalists had 
totally (in all probability) routed their enemies. 


I cannot but congratulate the happiness of this county, in 
having master William Dugdale [nowNorroy], my worthy friend, 
a native thereof ; whose illustrations are so great a work, no 
young man could be so bold to begin, or old man hope to finish 
it, whilst one of middle age fitted the performance : a well- 
chosen county for such a subject, because lying in the centre of 
the land, whose lustre diffuseth the light, and darteth beams to 
the circumference of the kingdom. It were a wild wish, that 
all the shires in England were described to an equal degree of 
perfection, as which will be accomplished when each star is as 
big and bright as the sun. However, one may desire them 
done quoad speciem, though not quoad gradum, in imitation of 
Warwickshire. Yet is this hopeless to come to pass, till men s 
pains may meet with proportionable encouragement ; and then 
the poet s prediction will be true : 

Sint Macenates, non desint, Flacce, Marones ; 
Virgiliumque tioi vel tua Rura dnbunt. 

" Let not Maecenases be scant, 
And Maroes we shall never want ; 
For, Flaccus, then thy Country-field 
Shall unto thee a Virgil yield. 


And then would our little [divided] world be better described, 
than the great world by all the geographers who have written 



Matthew BOULTON, engineer, improver of steam engines, &c. ; 

born at Birmingham 1728 ; died 1809. 
Samuel CARTE, divine and antiquary; born at Coventry 1652, 

or 1653 ; died 1740. 
Thomas CARTE, son of Samuel, divine, eminent historian ; born 

at Clifton or Dunsmore 1686. 
Edward CAVE, printer, projector of the Gentleman s Magazine; 

born at Newton 1691 ; died 1754. 
Samuel CLARKE, writer and compiler, one of the 2,000 ejected 

ministers ; born at Woolstan 1599; died 1682. 
Henry COMPTON, bishop of London, friend of Protestantism, 

suspended by James II.; born at Compton Wynyate 1632; 

died 1713. 
William CROFT, eminent musician ; born at Nether-Eatington 

1657; died 1727. 
Sir William DUGDALE, herald, historian, and antiquary ; born 

at Shustoke 1605 ; died 1686. 

Valentine GREEN, mezzotinto engraver, topographer, and an 
tiquary; born 1739; died 1813. 

Dr. Thomas HOLYOAKE, divine, and author of a Latin diction 
ary ; born at Southam 1616; died 1675. 
Richard JAGO, divine and poet, vicar of Snitterfield ; born at 

Beaudesert 1715 ; died 1781. 
Richard SMALLBROKE, learned and zealous bishop of Lichfield 

and Coventry; born at Birmingham 1672 ; died 1749. 
William SOMERVILE, author of "The Chace," a poem; born 

at Edston 1692; died 1742. 
Thomas SOUTHERN, dramatic writer ; born at Stratford-upon- 

Avon about 1660; died 1746. 
John TIPPER, author of the " Lady s Diary," an almanac ; born 

at Coventry ; died 17 13. 
Thomas WAGSTAFFE, bishop among the Nonjurors, author of 

" Vindication of Charles I. and his right to the Eikon Basi- 

like;" born 1645 ; died 1712. 
Humphrey WANLEY, antiquary; bom at Coventry 1671-2; 

died 1726. 

Peter Wn ALLEY, divine, critic, and historian of Northampton 
shire ; born at Rugby 1722 ; died 1791. 
Francis WILLUGHBY, naturalist, and intimate friend of Ray; 

born 1635; died 1672. 


*.* This county can boast of one of the earliest topographical works of the 
seventeenth century. It was published in 1656 by Sir Wm. Dugdale, who was 
contemporary with Dr. Fuller. In 1730 a new and enlarged edition of this work 
was brought out by the Rev. Dr. Thomas, in 2 vols. fol. Since that period, two 
epitomized county histories have made their appearance the one by Wm. Smith, 
in 1830, and the other by Tho. Sharp, in 1835. Histories of the towns of War 
wick, and of Coventry, have also been published anonymously, the one in 1815, 
and the latter in 1810 ; and also the History of Manceter, by B. Bartlett (1791) ; 
of Stratford-on-Avon, by R. B. Wheler (1806) ; and of Birmingham, by W. Hut- 
ton (1809). ED. 


WESTMORELAND hath Cumberland on the west and north, 
Lancashire on the south, Bishopric and Yorkshire on the east 
thereof. From north to south it extendeth thirty miles in 
length, but is contented in the breadth with twenty-four. 

As for the soil thereof, to prevent exceptions, take its de 
scription from the pen of a credible author :* 

" It is not commended either for plenty of corn or cattle, be 
ing neither stored with arable grounds to bring forth the one, 
nor pasturage to breed up the other ; the principal profit that 
the people of this province raise unto themselves, is by cloth- 


Here is cold comfort from nature, but somewhat of warmth 
from industry. That the land is barren, is God s pleasure ; the 
people painful, their praise. That thereby they grow wealthy, 
shews God s goodness, and calls for their gratefulness. 

However, though this county be sterile by general rule, it is 
fruitful by some few exceptions, having some pleasant vales, 
though such ware be too fine to have much measure thereof ; 
insomuch that some back friends to this county will say, that 
though Westmoreland hath much of Eden (running clean 
through it), yet hath little of delight therein. 

I behold the barrenness of this county as the cause why so 
few friaries and convents therein ; Master Speed (so curious in 
his catalogue in this kind) mentioning but one religious house 
therein. Such lazy-folk did hate labour, as a house of correc 
tion ; and knew there was nothing to be had here but what art 
with industry wrested from nature. 

The reader, perchance, will smile at my curiosity, in observ 
ing, that this small county, having but four market towns, three 
of them are, Kirkby- Stephens, Kirkby-Lonsdale, Kirkby- Ken- 
dale ; so that so much of Kirk or Church argueth not a little de 
votion of the ancestors in these parts, judiciously expressing 
itself, not in building convents for the ease of monks, but 
churches for the worship of God. 

* J. Speed, in the Description of this County. 



Kendal cottons are famous all over England ; and Master 
Camden termeth that town " Lanificii gloria, et industria prae- 
cellens/ 5 I hope the towns-men thereof (a word is enough to 
the wise) will make their commodities so substantial,, that no 
southern town shall take an advantage, to gain that trading away 
from them. I speak not this out of the least distrust of their 
honesty, but the great desire of their happiness, who, being a 
Cambridge man, out of sympathy wish well to the clothiers of 
Kendal, as the first founder of our Sturb ridge fair. 


" Let Uter-Pendragon do what he can, 
The River Eden will run as it ran."] 

Tradition reporteth, that this Uter-Pendragon had a design to 
fortify the castle of Pendragon in this county. In order where- 
unto, with much art and industry, he invited and tempted the 
river of Eden to forsake his old channel, and all to no purpose. 
The proverb is appliable to such who offer a rape to nature, en 
deavouring what is cross and contrary thereunto 

Naturam expellas furcfi licet, usque rccurret. 

" Beat Nature back, tis all in vain, 
With tines of fork twill corne again." 

However, Christians have not only some hope, but comfort 
able assurance, that they may conquer the corruptions of their 
nature. If furca (in no unusual sense) be taken for the cross, 
by the virtue of Christ s sufferings thereon, a man may so repel 
nature, that it shall not recoil to his destruction. 


KATHARINE PARR, daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, was bom 
at Kendal castle in this county, then the prime seat of that 
(though no parliamentary) barony, devolved to her father by 
inheritance from the Bruses and Rosses of Werk, She was 
first married unto John Nevile lord Latimer, and afterwards to 
king Henry the Eighth. 

This king first married half a maid (no less can be allowed 
to the lady Katharine, the relict of prince Arthur) ; and then 
he married four maids successively. Of the two last he com 
plained, charging the one with impotency, the other with. incon 
stancy ; and, being a free man again, resolved to wed a widow 
who had given testimony of her fidelity to a former husband. 

This lady was a great favourer of the Gospel, and would ear 
nestly argue for it, sometimes speaking more than her husband 
would willingly hear of. Once politic Gardiner (who sparing all 
the weeds spoiled the good flowers and herbs) had almost got 
her into his clutches, had not Divine Providence delivered her. 
Yet a Jesuit tells us that the king intended, if longer surviving, 


to behead her for an heretic ; to whom all that I will return is 
this, " that he was neither confessor nor privy councillor to 
king Henry the Eighth." 

This queen was afterwards married to Thomas Seymer, baron 
of Sudeley and lord admiral ; and died in child-bed of a daughter, 
anno Domini 1548 ; her second* husband surviving her. This 
makes me the more admire at the great mistake of Thomas 
Millsf (otherwise most industrious and judicious in genealogies), 
making this lady married the third time unto Edward Burgh, 
eldest son unto Thomas lord Burgh, without any shew of proba 


CHRJSTOPHER BAMBRIDGE, born near Appleby in this 
county,J was bred doctor of law in Queen s College in Oxford, 
He was afterwards dean of York, bishop of Durham, and at last 
archbishop of York, Being employed an ambassador to Rome, 
he was an active instrument to procure our king Henry the 
Eighth to take part with the Pope against Lewis king of France, 
for which good service he was created Cardinal of Saint Praxis ; 
a title some say he long desired ; let me add, and little enjoyed; 
for, falling out with his steward Rivaldus de Modena, an Italian, 
and fustigating hiVn for his faults, the angry Italian poisoned 

Herein something may be pleaded for this cardinal out of 
the Old (sure I am more must be pleaded against him out of 
the New) Testament, if the places be paralleled : 

"A servant will not be corrected by words," &c.|| 
" A bishop must be no striker," &c.^[ 

But grant him greatly faulty, it were uncharitable in us to 
beat his memory with more stripes, who did then suffer so much 
for his own indiscretion. His death happened July 14, 1511 ; 
and was buried at Rome (not in the church of Saint Praxis, 
which entitled him, but) in the hospital of the English. 


THOMAS VIPONT was descended of those ancient barons who 
were hereditary lords of this county. Surely either his merit 
was very great, or might very prevalent (advantaged by his near 
and potent relations) ; that the canons of Carlisle stuck so 
stiffly to their electing their bishop, when king Henry the Third 
with so much importunity commended John prior of NeAvbury 
unto them. This Thomas enjoyed his place but one year; the 
only reason, as I conceive, that no more is reported of him. He 
died anno Domini 1256. 

* Godwin s Annal of King Edward the Sixth, in hoc anno, 

f In his Catalogue of Honour, p. 229. 

t Godwin, in his Archbishops of York. 

Idem, || Proverbs xxix. 19. ^ i Timothy iii. 3. 


JOHN DE KIRKBY, born at one of the two Kirkbys (Lons- 
dale or Stephens) in this county, was first canon, and afterwards 
bishop of Carlisle, anno 1332. This is that stout prelate, who, 
when the Scots invaded England, anno 1345, with an army of 
thirty thousand, under the conduct of William Douglas, and 
had taken and burnt Carlisle with the country thereabouts ; I 
say, this John Kirkby was he who, with the assistance of Tho 
mas Lucy, Robert Ogle (persons of prime power in those parts), 
fighting in an advantageous place, utterly routed and ruined 
them. Such as behold this act with envious eyes, cavilling 
that he was non-resident from his calling when he turned his 
mitre into a helmet, crosier-staff into a sword, consider not that 
true maxim, " In publicos hostes omnis homo miles " and the 
most conscientious casuists, who forbid clergymen to be military 
plaintiffs, allow them to be defendants. He died anno Domini 

THOMAS de APPLEBY, born in that eminent town in this 
county where the assizes commonly are kept, was legally chosen 
bishop of Carlisle by all that had right in that election. Yet 
he was either so timorous, or the Pope so tyrannical, or both, 
that he durst not own the choice with his public consent, until 
he had first obtained his confirmation from the court of Rome, 
He was consecrated anno Domini 1363 ; and, having sat thirty- 
three years in that see, deceased December 5, 1395. 

ROGER de APPLEBY went over into Ireland, and there be 
came prior of Saint Peter s near Trimme (formerly founded by 
Simon de Rupe-forti, bishop of Meath). Hence by the Pope 
he was preferred bishop of Ossory in the same kingdom. He 
died anno Domini 1404. 

WILLIAM of STRICKLAND, descended of a right worshipful 
family in this county, anno 1396, by joint consent of the ca 
nons, chosen bishop of Carlisle. However, by the concurrence 
of the Pope and king Richard the Second, one Robert Read was 
preferred to the place ; which injury and affront Strickland bare 
with much moderation. Now it happened that Read was re 
moved to Chichester, and Thomas Merx his successor translated 
to a Grecian bishopric, that Strickland was elected again* (pa 
tience gains the goal with long running), and consecrated bishop 
of Carlisle, anno 1400. For the town of Penrith in Cumberland 
he cut a passage with great art, industry, and expence, from the 
town into the river Petteril, for the conveyance of boatage into 
the Irish Sea.f He sate bishop 1 9 years, and died anno Do 
mini 1419. 

NICHOLAS CLOSE was born at Bibreke in this county, and 

Bishop Godwin, in the Catalogue of the Bishops of Carlisle. 
Camden s Britannia, in Cumberland. 


was one of the six original fellows whom king Henry the Sixth 
placed in his newly erected college of King s College in Cam 
bridge. Yea, he made him in a manner master of the fabric, 
committing the building of that house to his fidelity, who right 
honestly discharged his trust therein. He was first bishop of 
Carlisle, then of Lichfield, wherein he died within a year after 
his consecration, viz. anno Domini 1453. 


HUGH COREN, or CURWEN, was born in this county, and 
made by queen Mary archbishop of Dublin ;* Brown, his imme 
diate predecessor, being deprived, for that he was married. 
Here it is worthy of our observation, that though many of the 
Protestant clergy in that land were imprisoned, and otherwise 
much molested, yet no one person, of what quality soever, in 
all Ireland, did suffer martyrdom ; and hereon a remarkable 
story doth depend, a story which hath been solemnly avouched 
by the late reverend archbishop of Armagh in the presence of 
several persons, and amongst others unto Sir James Ware 
knight (that most excellent antiquary) and divers in the univer 
sity of Oxford, who wrote it from his mouth, as he received the 
same from ancient persons of unquestionable credit. 

About the third of the reign of queen Mary, a pursuivant 
was sent with a commission into Ireland, to empower some 
eminent persons to proceed, with fire and faggot, against poor 
Protestants. It happened, by Divine Providence, this pursui 
vant at Chester lodged in the house of a Protestant inn- keeper, 
who, having gotten some inkling of the matter, secretly stole 
his commission out of his cloak-bag, and put the knave of clubs 
in the room thereof. Some weeks after, he appeared before 
the lords of the privy-council at Dublin (of whom bishop Coren 
a principal), and produced a card for his pretended commission. 
They caused him to be committed to prison for such an affront, 
as done on design to deride them. Here he lay for some months, 
till with much ado at last he got his enlargement. Then over 
he returned for England ; and, quickly getting his commission 
renewed, makes with all speed for Ireland again. 

But, before his arrival there, he was prevented with the news 
of queen Mary s death ; and so the lives of many, and the liber 
ties of more, poor servants of God were preserved. 

To return to our Coren, though a moderate Papist in queen 
Mary s days, yet he conformed with the first to the Reformation 
of queen Elizabeth, being ever sound in his heart. He was for 
some short time chief justice and chancellor of Ireland, till he 
quitted all his dignities in exchange for the bishopric of Oxford. 
It may seem a wonder that he should leave one of the arch 
bishoprics in Ireland, for one of the worst bishoprics in England. 

* Manuscript Additions to Sir James Ware. 


But oh, no preferment to quiet ! And this politic prelate, very 
decrepit, broken with old age and many state-affairs, desired a 
private repose in his native land before his death, which hap 
pened anno Domini 1567. 

BARNABY POTTER was born in this county, 1578, within the 
barony of Kendal, in which town he was brought up, until he 
was sent to Queen s College in Oxford, becoming successively 
scholar, fellow, and provost thereof.* He was chosen the last, 
with the unanimous consent of the fellows, when, being at a 
great distance, he never dreamed thereof. 

Then, resigning his provost s place, he betook himself to his 
pastoral charge in the country. He was chaplain in ordinary 
to prince Charles, being accounted at court the penitential 
preacher, and by king Charles was preferred bishop of Carlisle, 
when others sued for the place, and he little thought thereof. 
He was commonly called the puritanical bishop : and they 
would say of him, in the time of king James, " that organs 
would blow him out of the church ; " which I do not believe, 
the rather because he was loving of, and skilful in, vocal music, 
and could bear his own part therein. 

He was a constant preacher, and performer of family duties ; 
of a weak constitution, melancholy, lean, and a hard student. 
He died in honour, being the last bishop that died a member 
of parliament, in the year of our Lord 1642. 


Sir EDWARD BELLINGHAM, Knight, was born of an ancient 
and warlike family, in this county ,f servant of the privy-cham 
bers to king Edward the Sixth, who sent him over, anno 1547, 
to be lord deputy of Ireland; whose learning, wisdom, and 
valour made him fit to discharge that place. 

Hitherto the English pale had been hide-bound in the growth 
thereof, having not gained one foot of ground in more than two 
hundred years, since the time of king Edward the Third. This 
Sir Edward first extended it, proceeding against the Irishry in 
a martial course, by beating and breaking the Moors and Con 
nors, two rebellious septs. J 

And, because the poet saith true, 

" It proves a man as brave and wise 
To keep, as for to get the prize ; " 

he built the forts of Leix and Offaly, to secure his new acquisi 
tion. Surely, had he not been suddenly revoked into England, 
he would have perfected the project in the same sort as it was 
performed by his successor the earl of Sussex, by settling Eng 
lish plantations therein. 

* Mr. S. Clarke, in his Lives of Modern Divines, p. 393. 

t Though Sussex (where his surname is of good esteem) may "pretend unto him, 
I am confident of his right location. F. 

i Sir John Davis, in Discourse of Ireland, p, 69. 


Such his secrecy (the soul of great designs) that his soldiers 
never knew whither they went, till they were come whither they 
should go. Thus he surprised the earl of Desmond, being rude 
and unnurtured ; brought him up to Dublin, where he informed 
and reformed him in manners and civility ; sometimes making 
him to kneel on his knees an hour together, before he knew 
his duty, till he became a new man in his behaviour.* This 
earl all his life after highly honoured him ; and, at every din 
ner and supper, would pray to God for good Sir Edward Bel- 
lingham, who had so much improved him.t 

This deputy had no faults on his deputyship but one, that 
it was so short ; he being called home before two years were 
expired. Surely this hath much retarded the reducing of the 
Irishry, the often shifting of their deputies ; (too often change of 
the kinds of plaisters, hinders the healing of the sore) ; so that 
as they had learned their trade, they must resign their shop to 
another ; which made king James continue the lord Chichester 
so long in the place, for the more effectual performance 

Coming into England, he was accused of many faults ; but 
cleared himself as fast as his adversaries charged him, recover 
ing the king s favour in so high a degree, that he had been sent 
over deputy again, save that he excused himself by indisposition 
of body, and died not long after. 


RICHARD KENDAL. I place him here with confidence, 
because no Kendal in England save what is the chief town of 
this county.^ He was an excellent grammarian, and the great 
est instructor (shrewd and sharp enough) of youth in his age. 
He had a vast collection of all Latin grammars, and thence 
extracted a quint-essence, whereof he was so highly conceited, 
that he publicly boasted " that Latin only to be elegant which 
was made according to his rules, and all other to be base and 
barbarous ; " which, reader, I conceive (being out of his, 
though) under thy correction, a proud and pedantic expression. 
He flourished in the reign of king Henry the Sixth. 


BERNARD, son of EDWIN GILPIN, esquire, was born at Kent- 
meireinthis county, anno 1517- At sixteen years old (very 
young in that age from those parts) his parents sent him to 
Queen s College in Oxford; whence his merit advanced him 
one of the first students in the new foundation of Christ s 

Hitherto the heat of Gilpin was more than his light ; and he 

* Ralph Holinshed, Irish Chronicle, p, 109. f Idem, ibidem. 

J See " Villare Anglicanum." 

$ Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis; et Pils, cle Scriploribus Angliae. 

x 2 


hated vice more than error; which made him so heartily dis 
pute against master Hooper (who afterwards was martyred) 
when indeed he did follow his argument with his affections. 

How afterwards he became a zealous Protestant, I refer the 
reader to his life, written at large by bishop Carleton. He 
was rector of Houghtoa in the north, consisting of fourteen 

In his own house he boarded and kept full four and twenty 
scholars. The greater number of his boarders were poor men s 
sons, upon whom he bestowed meat, drink, and cloth, and edu 
cation in learning. He was wont to entertain his parishioners 
and strangers at his table, not only at the Christmas time, as 
the custom is ; but, because he had a large and wide parish, a 
great multitude of people, he kept a table for them every Sun 
day from Michaelmas to Easter. He had the gentlemen, the 
husbandmen, and the poorer sort, set every degree by them 
selves, and as it were ordered in ranks. He was wont to com 
mend the married state in the clergy ; howbeit himself lived 
and died a single man. He bestowed, in the building, ordering, 
and establishing of his school, and in providing yearly stipends 
for a school-master and an usher, the full sum of five hundred 
pounds ; out of which school he supplied the Church of Eng 
land with great store of learned men. He was careful to avoid 
not only all evil doing, but even the lightest suspicions thereof. 
And he was accounted a saint in the judgments of his 
very enemies, if he had any such. Being full of faith unfeigned, 
and of good works, he was at the last put into his grave, as a 
heap of wheat in due time swept into the garner. He died the 
4th of March, 1583., and in the 66th year of his age. 

[AMP.] RICHARD MULCASTER was born of an ancient 
extract in the north ; but whether in this county or Cumber 
land, I find not decided. From Eaton school he went to Cam 
bridge, where he was admitted into King s College, 1548 ;* but, 
before he was graduated, removed to Oxford. Here such his 
proficiency in learning, that, by general consent, he was chosen 
the first master of Merchant Tailors school in London, which 
prospered well under his care, as, by the flourishing of Saint 
John s in Oxford, doth plainly appear. 

The Merchant Tailors, finding his scholars so to profit, in 
tended to fix Mr. Mulcaster at his desk to their school, till 
death should remove him. This he perceived, and therefore 
gave for. his motto, " Fidelis servus, perpetuus asinus." But, 
after twenty-five years, he procured his freedom, or rather 
exchanged his service, being made master of Paul s School. 

His method in teaching was this : In a morning he would 
exactly and plainly construe and parse the lessons of his scho- 

* Hatcher s MS. of the Scholars thereof. 


lars ; which done, lie slept his hour (custom made him critical 
to proportion it) in his desk in the school ; but woe he to the 
scholar that slept the while ! Awaking, he heard them accu 
rately ; and Atropos might be persuaded to pity, as soon as he 
to pardon, where he found just fault. The prayers of cockering 
mothers prevailed with him as much as the requests of indul 
gent fathers, rather increasing than mitigating his severity on 
their offending child. 

In a word he was plagosus OrbU ms , though it may be truly 
said (and safely for one out of his school) that others have taught 
as much learning with fewer lashes. Yet his sharpness was 
the better endured, because impartial ; and many excellent 
scholars were bred under him, whereof bishop Andrews was 
most remarkable. 

Then quitting that place, he was presented to the rich par 
sonage of Stanford-rivers in Essex. I have heard from those 
who have heard him preach, that his sermons were not excel 
lent, which to me seems no w r onder ; partly, because there is a 
different discipline in teaching children and men ; partly, be 
cause such who make divinity (not the choice of their youth 
but) the refuge of their age, seldom attain to eminency therein. 
He died about the middle of the reign of queen Elizabeth. 

CHRISTOPHER POTTER, D.D. kinsman to bishop Potter (of 
whom before) was born in this county, bred fellow of Queen s 
College in Oxford, and at last was chosen provost thereof, 
chaplain in ordinary to king Charles, and dean of Worcester. 
One of a sweet nature, comely presence, courteous carriage, 
devout life, and deep learning ; he wrote an excellent book, ea- 
tituled " Charity Mistaken," containing impregnable truth, so 
that malice may snarl at but not bite it, without breaking its 
own teeth. Yet a railing Jesuit wrote a pretended confuta 
tion thereof, to which the doctor made no return ; partly because 
the industrious bee would not meddle with a wasp, or hornet 
rather; partly because Mr. Chillingworth, a great master of 
defence in school divinity, took up the cudgels against hin\. 
This worthy doctor died the beginning of our civil distem 


is pity to part them, being natives of this county (as I am credibly 
informed), doctors in the same faculty, and co-partners in the 
same charity, the building of a fair school at Appleby, the preg 
nant mother of so many eminent scholars. 

As for Robert Langton, he Vas bred in, and a benefactor to, 
Queen s College in Oxford, owing the glazing of many windows 

* Though disputable, I conceive them rightly placed since the Reformation F. 


therein to his beneficency. Witness his conceit to communicate 
his name to posterity, viz. a ton (the rebus, or fancy general, 
for all surnames in that termination) extended very long be 
yond an ordinary proportion \Lany the northern man pro- 
nounceth it] ; whereby he conceiveth his surname completed. 
I shall be thankful to him who shall inform me of the dates of 
their several deaths. 

ANNE CLYFFORD, sole daughter and heir to George earl of 
Cumberland, wife first to Richard earl of Dorset, then to Philip 
earl of Pembroke and Montgomery (though born and nursed 
in Hertfordshire, yet) because having her greatest residence 
and estate in the north, is properly referable to this county. 
The proverb is, " Homo non est ubi animat, sed amat," (One 
is not to be reputed there where he lives, but where he loves ;) 
on which account this lady is placed, not where she first took 
life, but where she hath left a most lasting monument of her love 
to the public. 

This is that most beautiful hospital, stately built, and richly 
endowed, at her sole cost, at Appleby in this county. 

It was conceived a bold and daring part of Thomas Cecil 
(son to treasurer Burleigh) to enjoin his masons and carpenters 
not to omit a day s work at the building of Wimbleton house 
in Surrey, though the Spanish Armada, anno 1588, all that while 
shot off their guns, whereof some might be heard to the place. 
But Christianly valiant is the charity of this lady, who in this 
age, wherein there is an earthquake of ancient hospitals, and as 
for new ones they are hardly to be seen for new lights ; I say, 
courageous this worthy lady s charity, who dare found in this 
confounding age, wherein so much was demolished and aliened, 
which was given to God and his Church. Long may she live 
in wealth and honour, exactly to complete whatsoever her boun 
tiful intentions have designed. 


RICHARD GILPIN, a valiant man in this county, was en- 
feoffed, in the reign of king John, about the year 1208, in the 
lordship of Kentmere hall, by the baron of Kendall, for his 
singular deserts both in peace and war : " This was that Richard 
Gilpin, who slew the wild boar, that, raging in the mountains 
adjoining (as sometimes that of Erimanthus), much endamaged 
the country people ; whence it is, that the Gilpins in their coat 
arms give the boar."* 

I confess, the story of this Westmoreland Hercules soundeth 
something Romanza-like. However I believe it, partly be 
cause so reverend a pen hath recorded it, and because the 
people in these parts need not feign foes in the fancy (bears, 

* Life of Bernard Gilpin, written by bishop Carleton, p. 2. 


boars, and wild beasts) who in that age had real enemies, the 
neighbouring Scots, to encounter. 


1. Cuthbert Buckle, son of Christopher Buckle, of Bourgh, 
Vintner, 1593. 


I find two or three links but no continued chain of Sheriffs 
in this county, until the 10th of king John, who bestowed the 
bailiwick and revenues of this county upon Robert lord Vi- 

ROBERT de VIPOXT, the last of that family, about the reign 
of king Edward the first left two daughters: 1. Sibel, married 
to Roger lord Clifford : 2. Idonea* (the first and last I meet 
with of that Christian name, though proper enough for women, 
who are to be " meet helps ^ to their husbands) married to Ro 
ger de Leburn. 

Now because " Honor nescit dividi/ (Honour cannot be di 
vided betwixt co-heirs), and because in such cases it is in the 
power and pleasure of the king to assign it entire to which he 
pleased, the king conferred the hereditary sheriffalty of this 
county on the Lord Clifford, who had married the eldest sister. 

It hath ever since continued in that honourable family. I 
find Elizabeth the widow of Thomas lord Clifford (probably in 
the minority of her son) shei iffess (as I may say) in the sixteenth 
of Richard the Second, till the last of king Henry the Fourth. 

Yet was it fashionable for these lords to depute and present 
the most principal gentry of this shire, their " sub-vicecomites," 
(under-sheriffs,) in their right, to order the affairs of that county. 
I find Sir Thomas Parr, Sir William Parr (ancestors to queen 
Katharine Parr), as also knights of the families of the Belling- 
ams, Musgraves, &c. discharging that office ; so high ran the 
credit and reputation thereof. 

Henry lord Clifford was, by king Henry the Eighth, anno 
1525, created earl of Cumberland; and when Henry the fifth 
earl of that family died lately without issue male, the Honour of 
this hereditary sheriffalty, with large revenues, reverted unto 
Anne the sole daughter of George Clifford third earl of Cum 
berland, the relict of Richard earl of Dorset (and since of Philip 
earl of Pembroke and Montgomery) ; by whom she had two 
daughters, the elder married to the earl of Thanet, and the 
younger married to James earl of Northampton. 


Reader, I must confess myself sorry and ashamed, that I can 
not do more right to the natives of this county, so far distanced 

* Camden s Britannia, in Westmoreland. f Genesis ii. 18. 


north, that I never had yet the opportunity to behold it. Oh 
that I had hut received some intelligence from my worthy friend 
Doctor Thomas Barlow, provost of Queen s College in Oxford ! 
who, for his religion and learning, is an especial ornament of 
Westmoreland. But time, tide, and a printer s press, are three 
unmannerly things, that will stay for no man ; and therefore I 
request that my defective endeavours may be well accepted. 

I learn out of Master Camden, that in the river Cann, in this 
county, there be two catadupa>, or waterfalls ; whereof, the 
northern, sounding clear and loud, foretokeneth fair weather; 
the southern, on the same terms, presageth rain. Now I wish 
that the former of these may be vocal in hay time and harvest, 
the latter after great draught, that so both of them may make 
welcome music to the inhabitants. 



Launcelot ADDISON, dean of Lichfield, author, and father of 

the poet ; born at Crosby Ravensworth, or Mauld s Meaburn, 

1632; died 1703. 
Anthony ASKEW, physician, Greek scholar, and collector; born 

at Kendal 1722 ; died 1774. 
Dr. Thomas BARLOW, time-serving bishop of Lincoln ; born at 

Langdale near Orton 1607 ; died 1691. 
John BARWICK, D.D. divine, royalist, and author ; born at 

Witherslack 1612 ; died 1664. 
Peter BARWICK, M.D. brother of the above, whose life he 

wrote in elegant Latin j born at Witherslack 1619; died 

Richard BRAITHWAITE, facetious and eccentric author of 

"Drunken Barnaby;" born at Burneshead; died 1673. 
Dr. Richard BURN, author of the "Justice" and the "Ecclesi 
astical Law;" &c. ; born at Kirkby Stephen; died 1789. 
Ephraim CHAMBERS, mathematical instrument maker, author 

of the Encyclopedia ; born at Milton ; died 1 740. 
Dr. George FOTHERGILL, principal of St. Edmund Hall, Ox 
ford, author of sermons ; born at Lickholme in Ravenstone- 

dale 1705; died 1760. 
Dr. Thomas GARNETT, physician and natural philosopher ; born 

at Casterton 1766 ; died 1802. 
Edmund GIBSON, bishop of London, scholar and antiquary ; 

born at High Knype 1669 ; died 1748. 
Thomas GIBSON, uncle of the bishop, and son-in-law to the 

protector Richard Cromwell, physician and author ; born at 

High Knype. 


William GIBSON, farmer, and self-taught mathematician of 

most wonderful powers; born at Bolton near Appleby 1720; 

died 1791. 
William HUDSON, surgeon, one of the earliest Linnsean botanists 

in England, and author ; born at Kendal 1730; died 1793. 
Dr 3 William LANCASTER, provost of Queen s College, Oxford, 

and one of the founders of Barton school in 1649; born at 

Dr. John LANGHORNE, divine, poet, and critic, voluminous 

author; born at Kirkby Stephen, or Winton, 1735 ; died 1779- 
Dr. John MILL, divine and biblical critic; born at Hardendale 

in Shap 1645 : died 1707. 

Charles MORTON, learned physician and antiquary; born 1716. 
Joseph ROBERTSON, learned and industrious critic ; born at 

High Knype 1726; died 1802. 

Dr. Thomas SHAW, learned divine and Eastern traveller ; born 
. at Kendal 1692 ; died 1751. 

John SMITH, editor of Bede, divine, versed in Septentrional lite 
rature, and in antiquities; born at Lowther 1659 ; died 1715. 
Joseph SMITH, provost of Queen s College, Oxford, brother of 

John, divine, learned in politics and the law of nations ; born 

at Lowther 1670 ; died 1756. 

Adam WALKER, natural and experimental philosopher, lec 
turer, and author; born at W T indermere 1731 ; died 1821. 
Richard WATSON, bishop of Llandaff, apologist for the Bible 

and Christianity, chemist and politician ; born at Heversham 

1737; died 1816. 
Sir George WHARTON, baronet, astronomer, and loyalist ; born 

at Kendal; died 1681. 
George WIIITEHEAD, learned and zealous Quaker; born at 

Newbigg, near Orton, about 1636 ; died 1722-3. 
John WILSON, botanist, author of a "Synopsis of British 

Plants," originally a stocking-knitter ; born at Kendal ; died 

about 1750. 

%* The History of Westmoreland has been generally united with that of Cum 
berland ; and the principal one is that published by Mr. J. Nicholson and Dr. 
Burn in 1727, as mentioned under the head of Cumberland, vol. i. p. 364. 


WILTSHIRE hath Gloucestershire on the north, Berkshire and 
Hampshire on the east, Dorsetshire on the south, and Somer 
setshire on the west. From north to south it extendeth thirty- 
nine miles ; but abateth ten of that number in the breadth 

A pleasant county, and of great variety. I have heard a wise 
man say, that an ox left to himself would, of all England, choose 
to live in the north, a sheep in the south part hereof, and a man 
in the middle betwixt both, as partaking of the pleasure of the 
plain, and the wealth of the deep country. 

Nor is it unworthy the observing, that of all inland shires (no 
ways bordered on salt water) this gathereth the most in the 
circumference thereof f (as may appear by comparing them), 
being in compass one hundred and thirty-nine miles. It is 
plentiful in all English, especially in the ensuing, commodities. 



The often repetition hereof (though I confess against our 
rules premised) may justly be excused. Well might the French 
ambassador return, "France, France, France/ reiterated to every 
petty title of the king of Spain. And our English " wool, wool," 
&c. may counterpoise the numerous but inconsiderable commo 
dities of other countries. I confess a lock thereof is most con 
temptible ; " Non flocci te facio," passing for an expression of 
the highest neglect ; but a quantity thereof quickly amounteth 
to a good valuation. 


This mystery is vigorously pursued in this county ; and I am 

Davis, in his " General Views of the Agriculture of Wiltshire, 1 says, " the 
county is about fifty-four miles in length, by thirty -four in its greatest breadth, and 
contains about 1372 square miles, or 878,000 acres." According to the Parliamen 
tary Report on the State of the Poor, published in 1804, the area of the county is 
estimated at 1283 square statute miles, or 821,120 acres. ED.! 
| Compare the tables of Speed. 

i Some of the editorial notes, appended to this county, are the contributions of John Kiitton, 
sion of the "" roof sh" utics of Wiltsl "re," 3 vols. 8vo., &c. ; who kindly undertook tbc revi- 


informed, that as MEDLEYS are most made in other shires, as 
good WHITES as any are woven in this county. 

This mentioning of whites to be vended beyond the seas, 
minds me of a memorable contest in the reign of king James, 
betwixt the merchants of London, and Sir William Cockain, 
once lord mayor of that city, and as prudent a person as any 
in that corporation. He ably moved, and vigorously prosecuted 
the design, that all the cloth which was made might be dyed 
in England ; alleging, that the wealth of a country consisteth in 
driving on the natural commodities thereof, through all manu 
factures, to the utmost, as far as it can go, or will be drawn. 
And by the dying of all English cloth in England, thousands of 
poor people would be employed, and thereby get a comfortable 

The merchants returned, that such home dying of our cloth 
would prove prejudicial to the sale thereof, foreigners being 
more expert than we are in the mystery of fixing colours 
besides, they can afford them far cheaper than we can, much of 
dying stuff growing in their countries ; and foreigners bear a 
great affection to white or virgin cloth, unwilling to have their 
fancies prevented by the dying thereof; insomuch that they would 
like it better (though done worse) if done by themselves That 
Sir William Cockain had got a vast deal of dying stuff into his 
own possession, and did drive . on his own interest, under the 
pretence of the public good. These their arguments were se 
conded with good store of good gold on both sides, till the 
merchants prevailed at last (a shoal of herrings is able to beat 
the whale itself) ; and clothing left in the same condition it was 


The best for shape and colour (as curiously sized) are made 
at Amesbury in this county. They may be called chimneys 
portable in pockets, the one end being the hearth, the other the 
tunnel thereof. Indeed, at the first bringing over of tobacco, 
pipes were made of silver and other metals ; which, though free 
from breaking, were found inconvenient, as soon fouled, and 
hardly cleansed. 

These clay pipes are burnt in a furnace for some fifteen 
hours, on the self-same token, that if taken out half an hour be 
fore that time, they are found little altered from the condition 
wherein they were when first put in. It seems all that time 
the fire is working itself to the height, and doth its work very 
soon when attained to perfection. Gauntlet-pipes, which have 
that mark on their heel, are the best ; and hereon a story doth 

One of that trade observing such pipes most saleable, set the 
gauntlet on those of his own making, though inferior in good 
ness to the other. Now the workman who first gave the gaunt 
let sued the other, upon the statute \vhich makes it penal for 


any to set another s mark on any merchantable commodities. 
The defendant being likely to be cast (as whose counsel could 
plead little in his behalf) craved leave to speak a word for him 
self ; which was granted. He denied that he ever set another 
man s mark; "for the thumb of his gauntlet stands one way, 
mine another ; and the same hand given dexter or sinister in 
heraldry is a sufficient difference." Hereby he escaped ; though 
surely such who bought his pipes never took notice of that cri 
ticism, or consulted which way the thumb of his gauntlet re 


The CATHEDRAL of SALISBURY (dedicated to the blessed 
Virgin) is paramount in this kind, wherein the doors and chapels 
equal the months, the windows the days, the pillars and pil- 
larets of fusile marble * (an ancient art now shrewdly suspected 
to be lost), the hours of the year ; so that all Europe affords 
not such an almanac of architecture. 

Once walking in this church (whereof then I was prebendary) 
I met a countryman wondering at the structure thereof. " I 
once/ said he to me, " admired that there could be a church 
that should have so many pillars as there be hours in the year ; 
and now I admire more, that there should be so many hours in 
the year as I see pillars in this church." 

The cross aisle of this church is the most beautiful and light 
some of any I have yet beheld. The spire steeple (not founded 
on the ground, but for the main supported by four pillars) is of 
great height and greater workmanship. I have been credibly 
informed, that some foreign artists, beholding this building, 
brake forth into tears, which some imputed to their admiration 
(though I see not how wondering can cause weeping) ; others to 
their envy, grieving that they had not the like in their own 

Nor can the most curious (not to say cavilling) eye desire 
any thing which is wanting in this edifice, except possibly an 
ascent ; seeing such who address themselves hither for their 
devotions can hardly say with David, " I will go up into the 
house of the Lord." 

Amongst the many monuments therein, that of Edward 
earl of Hartford is most magnificent ; that of Helen Suaven- 
burgh, a Swede (the relic of William marquis of Northampton, 
and afterwards married to Sir Thomas Gorges) is most com 
mended for its artificial plainness. 

But the curiosity of critics is best entertained with the tomb 
in the north of the nave of the church, where lieth a monument 
in stone of a little boy, habited all in episcopal robes, a mitre 
upon his head, a crosier in his hand, and the rest accordingly. 
At the discovery thereof (formerly covered over with pews) 

* It is surprising that the worthy and witty Fuller should be guilty of this silly 
assertion. The pillars are of Purbeck marble J. B. 


many justly admired, that either a bishop could be so small in 
person, or a child so great in clothes ; though since all is un 
riddled ; for it was fashionable in that church* (a thing rather 
deserving to be remembered than fit to be done) in the depth 
of Popery, that the choristers chose a boy of their society to be 
a bishop among them from St. Nicholas s till Innocents day at 
night, who did officiate in all things bishop-like, (the saying of mass 
alone excepted), and held the state of a bishop, answerably 
habited, amongst his fellows the counterfeit prebends. One of 
these, chancing to die in the time of his mock-episcopacy, was 
buried with crozier and mitre, as is aforesaid. Thus superstition 
can dispense with that which religion cannot, making piety page 
antry, and subjecting what is sacred to lusory representations. t 

As for civil buildings in this county, none are such giants as 
to exceed the standard of structures in other counties. Long- 
leat, the house of Sir James Thynne, was the biggest, and 
Wilton is the stateliest and pleasantest for gardens, fountains, 
and other accommodations.J 

Nor must the industry of the citizens of Salisbury be for 
gotten, who have derived the river into every street therein ; so 
that Salisbury is a heap of islets thrown together. This mind- 
eth me of an epitaph made on Mr. Francis Hide, a native of 
this city, who died secretary unto the English lieger in Venice : 

" Born in the English Venice, thou didst die, 
Dear friend, in the Italian Salisbury." 

The truth is, that the strength of this city consisted in the 
weakness thereof, incapable of being garrisoned, which made 
it, in our modern wars, to escape better than many other places 
of the same proportion. 


After so many wild and wide conjectures of the cause, time, 
and authors hereof, why, when, and by whom this monument 
was erected, a posthume book comes lagging at last, called 
" Stone-henge Restored," and yet goeth before all the rest. It 
is questionable whether it more modestly propoundeth, or 
more substantially proveth, this to be a Roman work, or temple 
dedicated to Ccelus or Coelum (son to ^Ether and Dies), who 
was senior to all the gods of the heathens. 

That it is a Roman design, he proveth by the order, as also 
by the scheme thereof, consisting of four equilateral triangles, 

* See Gregory s Opera Posthuma, p. 95, &c. 

t An engraving of the figure of the Boy Bishop in Salisbury cathedral is given 
in Gough s " Sepulchral Monuments," vol. ii. ; but more correctly in Britton s 
History of Salisbury Cathedral ED. 

J Longford Castle, Wardour Castle, Fonthill, Stourhead, Charlton House, Tot 
tenham Park, Corsharn House, and Bowood, are all houses built on a scab of great 
magnificence ED. 

\Vritten by Inigo Jones. F. 



inscribed within the circumference of a circle, an architectoni- 
cal scheme used by the Romans.* Besides, the portico, or 
entrance thereof, is made double, as in the Roman ancient 
structures of great magnificence. Not to say that the archi 
traves therein are all set without mortar, according to the 
Roman architecture, wherein it was ordinary to have saxa nullo 
fulta glntino. 

No less persuasive are his arguments to prove a temple dedi 
cated to Codum ; first, from the situation thereof, standing in 
a plain, in a free and open air, remote from any village, without 
woods about it. Secondly, from its aspect, being sub dio, and 
built without a roof. Thirdly, from the circular form thereof, 
being the proper figure of the temple of Ccelus. Not to men 
tion his other arguments, in which the reader may better satisfy 
himself from the original author, than my second-hand relation 


This is called in Latin gramen caninum supinum longissimum, 
and groweth nine miles from Salisbury, at master Tucker s at 
Maddington. It is a peculiar kind ; and of the ninety species 
of grasses in England, is the most marvellous. It groweth or 
dinarily fifteen feet in length; yea, I read of one four-and- 
twenty foot long, which may be true, because, as there are 
giants amongst men, so there are giants amongst giants, which 
even exceed them in proportion. 

The place whereon it groweth is low (lying some winters 
under water) having hills round about it, and a spacious sheep- 
common adjoining; the soil whereof by every hasty shower is 
brought down into this little meadow, which makes it so incre 
dibly fruitful. This grass being built so many stories high, 
from knot to knot, lieth matted on the ground, whence it is 
cut up with sickles, and bound into sheaves. It is both hay 
and provender, the joint-like knots whereof will fat swine. 

Some conceive that the seed thereof, transplanted, would 
prosper plentifully (though not to the same degree of length) 
in other places ; from whose judgment other husbandmen dis 
sent, conceiving it so peculiar to this place, that ground and 
grass must be removed both together. Or else it must be set 
m a paralleled position, for all the particular advantages afore 
said, which England will hardly afford. So that Nature may 
seem mutually to have made this plant and this place one for 

Vitruvius, lib. v. 

A \ i ^ mon S the WONDERS of the county," says Mr. Britton, " it is really won- 

omi u,tb the great temple, or assemblage of stones, &c. at Avebury, escaped 

otice. It was of much greater magnitude, of superior importance, and 

.equently more entitled to notice than Stonehenge. Dr. Stukeley has devoted 

volume to its illustration. It was certainly the most stupendous and exten- 

t art in this island, and was probably the largest Druidical temple in 

Jo V 2 ., ktukeley s Accouut of Stonhenge, fol., is more accurate than Inigo 



" It is done secundum usum Sarum."~\ 

This proverb, coming out of the church, hath since enlarged 
itself into a civil use. It began on this occasion. Many offices 
or forms of service were used in several churches in England ; 
as the office of York, Hereford, Bangor, &c. ; which caused a 
deal of confusion in God s worship, until Osmond bishop of 
Sarum, about the year of our Lord 1090, made that ordinal, or 
office, which was generally received all over England ; so that 
churches thenceforward easily understood one another, all 
speaking the same words in their Liturgy. 

It is now applied to those persons which do, and actions 
which are formally and solemnly done, in so regular a way, by 
authentic precedents, and patterns of unquestionable autho 
rity, that no just exception can be taken thereat. 


MARGARET PLANTAGENET, daughter to George duke of Cla 
rence and Isabel Nevile eldest daughter and co-heir of Richard 
Nevile earl of Warwick, was born August 14, 1473, at Farley 
castle in this county.* Reader, I pray thee, let her pass for 
a princess, because daughter to a duke, niece to two kings 
(Edward the Fourth and Richard the Third), mother to cardinal 
Reginald Pole ; but chiefly because she was the last liver of all 
that royal race, which from their birth wore the names of Plan- 
tagenet. By Sir Richard Pole, a knight of Wales, and cousin- 
german to king Henry the Seventh, she had divers children, 
whereof Henry lord Montague was the eldest ; he was accused 
of treason, and this lady his mother charged to be privy there 
unto, by king Henry the Eighth, who (as his father was something 
too slow) was somewhat too quick in discovering treasons, as soon 
as (if not before) they were. On the scaffold, as she stood, 
she would not gratify the executioner with a prostrate posture 
of her body. 

Some beheld this her action as an argument of an erected 
soul, disdaining pulingly to submit to an infamous death, show 
ing her mind free, though her body might be forced, and that 
also it was a demonstration of her innocence. But others con 
demned it as a needless and unseasonable animosity in her, 
who, though supposed innocent before man for this fact, must 
grant herself guilty before God, whose justice was the supreme 
judge condemning her. Besides, it was indiscreet to contend, 
where it was impossible to prevail, there being no guard against 
the edge of such an axe, but patience; and it is ill for a soul to 
go reeking with anger out of this world. 

Here happened an unequal contest betwixt weakness and 

* Dugdale, in his Illustrations of "Warwickshire, p. 335. 


strength, age and youth, nakedness and weapons, nobility and 
baseness, a princess and an executioner, who at last dragging 
her by the hair (grey with age) maytruly be said to have taken 
off her head, seeing she would neither give it him, nor forgive 
him the doing thereof. Thus died this lady Margaret, heir to 
the name and stout nature of Margaret duchess of Burgundy, 
her aunt and god-mother, whose spirits were better proportioned 
to her extraction than estate ; for, though by special patent 
she was created countess of Salisbury, she was restored but 
to a small part of the inheritance she was born unto. She 
suffered in the twenty-third year of the reign of king Henry 
the Eighth. 

JANE SEYMOUR, daughter to Sir John Seymour, knight, 
(honourably descended from the lords Beauchamps), was 
( as byall concurring probabilities is collected) born at Wulf-hall 
in this county, and after was married to king Henry the 

It is currently traditioned, that at her first coming to court, 
queen Anne Boleyn, espying a jewel pendant about her neck, 
snatched thereat (desirous to see, the other unwilling to show 
it,) and casually hurt her hand with her own violence ; but it 
grieved her heart more, when she perceived it the king s pic 
ture by himself bestowed upon her, who from this day forward 
dated her own declining, and the other s ascending, in her hus 
band s affection. 

It appeareth plainly by a passage in the act of parliament, 
that the king was not only invited to his marriage by his own 
affections, but by the humble petition and intercession of most 
of the nobles of his realm, moved thereunto, as well by the 
conveniency of her years, as in respect that by her excellent 
beauty and pureness of flesh and blood (I speak the very words 
of the act itself) she was apt (God willing) to conceive issue. 
And so it proved accordingly. 

This queen died some days after the birth of prince Edward 
her son, on whom this epitaph ; 

Phcenix Janajacet, nnlo Phcenice ; dolendum 
Seccula P/icenices nulla tulisse duas. 

" Soon as her Phoenix bud was blown, 

Root- Phoenix Jane did wither : 
Sad, that no age a brace had shown 
Of Phoenixes together. 

Of all the wives of king Henry, she only had the happiness 
to die in his full favour, the 14th of October, 1337 ; and is 
buried in the choir of Windsor chapel ; the king continuing in 
real mourning for her, even all the festival of Christmas, 

ADELME, son to Kenred, nephew to Ina king of the West 


Saxons,* was bred in foreign parts ; and, returning home, was 
abbot of Malmsbury thirty years, a person memorable on seve 
ral accounts : 1, He was the first Englishman who ever wrote 
in Latin. f 2. He was the first that ever brought poetry into 
England. 3. The first bishop of the see of Sherborne. 

Bede giveth him a large commendation for his learning ; the 
rather, because he wrote a book for the reducing the Britons to 
observe Easter according to the church of Rome. 

Impudent monks have much abused his memory with shameless 
lies, and amongst the rest with a wooden miracle ; that a carpen 
ter having cut a beam for his church too short, he,by his prayers, 
stretched it out to the full proportion. J To this I may add 
another lie as clear as the sun itself, on whose rays (they 
report) he hung his vestment, which miraculously supported it, 
to the admiration of the beholders. 

Coming to Rome, to be consecrated bishop of Shei borne, he 
reproved Pope Sergius his fatherhood, for being a father indeed 
to a base child, then newly born ; and, returning home, he 
lived in great esteem until the day of his death, which happened 
anno Domini 709. 

His corpse being brought to Malmesbury, was there enshrined, 
and had in great veneration ; who having his longest abode whilst 
living, and last when dead, in this county, is probably presumed 
a native thereof. 

EDITH, natural daughter of king Edgar, by the lady Wolfhil, 
was abbess of Wilton, wherein she demeaned herself with such 
devotion, that her memory obtained the reputation of saint- 
ship. And yet an author telleth us, that, being more curious in 
her attire than beseemed her profession, bishop Ethelwold 
sharply reproved her, who answered him roundly, "That God 
regardeth the heart more than the garment, and that sins 
might be covered as well under rags as robes." || 

One reporteth, that, after the slaughter of her brother 
Edward, holy Dunstan had a design to make her queen of Eng 
land^ (the veil of her head, it seems, would not hinder the 
crown), so to defeat Ethelred the lawful heir, had she not 
declined the proffer, partly on pious, partly politic, dissua 
sions. She died anno Domini 984 ; and is buried in the church 
of Dioness at Wilton, of her own building. She is commonly 
called " Saint Edith the younger," to distinguish her from Saint 
Edith her aunt, of whom before. 

It plainly appeareth tnat,-about the year of our Lord 1503, 

* Bale, de Scriptoribvss Britannicis, Cent. i. num. 83. 

f Camden s Britannia, in Wiltshire. J Flowers of English Saints, p. 491. 

Idem, p. 492. || Polyc. lib. vi. cap. 9. 

^f John Capgrove, in vital Sanctse Edithae. 


there was a persecution of Protestants (give me leave so 
to antedate their name) in this county, under Edmund Audley 
bishop of Salisbury, as by computation of time will appear. 
Yet I find but one man, Richard Smart by name (the more 
remarkable because but once, and that scentingly, mentioned by 
Mr. Fox*), burnt at Salisbury, for reading a book called 
" Wickliffs Wicket " to one Thomas Stillman, afterwards burnt 
in Smithfield. But, under cruel bishop Capon, Wiltshire 
afforded these 


John SpiCER,f free- mason 5 William COBERLY, tailor; John 
MAUNDRELL, husbandman; all of Kevel; martyred in Sa 
lisbury, anno 1556, April. 


John HuNT,J and Richard WHITE, husbandmen, of Marl- 
borough; persecuted in Salisbury, anno 1558. 

These both being condemned to die, were little less than mi 
raculously preserved, as will appear hereafter. 

ALICE COBERLY must not be omitted, wife to William Co- 
berly forenamed (charitably presuming on her repentance), 
though she failed in her constancy on this occasion. The jai 
lor s wife of Salisbury, heating a key fire-hot, and laying it in 
the grass, spake to this Alice to bring it in to her ; in doing 
whereof she piteously burnt her hand, and cried out thereat. 
Oh," said the other, if thou canst not abide the burning of a 
key, how wilt thou endure thy whole body to be burnt at the 
stake ?" Whereat the said Alice revoked her opinion. || 

I can neither excuse the cruelty of the one (though surely do 
ing it not out of a persecuting but carnal preserving intention), 
nor the cowardliness of the other; for she might have hoped 
that her whole body, encountering the flame with a Christian 
resolution, and confidence of divine support in the testimony of 
the truth, would have found less pain than her hand felt from 
the sudden surprise of the fire, wherein the unexpectedness 
added (if not to the pain) to the fright thereof. This sure I am, 
that some condemn her shrinking for a burnt hand, who would 
have done so themselves for a scratched finger. 


WALTER WIXTERBURN was born at Salisbury in this 
county, and bred a Dominican friar. ^ He was an excellent 

* Acts and Monuments, p. 815. f Idem, page 1894. 

Idem, p. 2054. 

See^Michell, in MEMOR.ABLE PERSONS, in this shire. 
i| Fox s Acts and Monuments, p. 1894. 
f Bishop Godwin, in his Catalogue of Cardinals, p. 171. 


scholar in all studies suitable to his age, when a youth ; a good 
poet and orator, when a man; an acute philosopher, " Aristote- 
licarum doctrinarum heluo," saith he who otherwise scarce 
giveth him a good word,* when an old man ; a deep controver 
sial divine, and skilful casuist ; a quality which commended him 
to be confessor to king Edward the First. f 

Now news being brought to Pope Benedict the Eleventh, 
that William Maklesfield, Provincial of the Dominicans, and 
designed cardinal of Saint Sabin, was dead and buried at Lon 
don before his cap could be brought to him, he appointed this 
Walter to be heir to his Honour. The worst is, as meddlers are 
never ripe till they are rotten, so few are thought fit to be car 
dinals but such as are extremely in years. Maklesfield had all 
his body buried, and our Winterburn had one foot in the grave, 
being seventy-nine years of age before he was summoned to 
that dignity. 

However, over he went with all haste into Italy ; and though 
coming thither too late to have a sight of Pope Benedict the 
Eleventh, came soon enough to give a suffrage at the choice of 
Clement the Fifth. This Walter s cardinal s cap was never a 
whit the worse for wearing, enjoying it but a year. In his re 
turn home he died, and was buried at Genoa ; but afterwards 
his corpse was brought over, and re-interred most solemnly in 
London, anno 1 305. 

[S. N.] ROBERT HALAM was, saith my author, " Regio san 
guine Angliee natus,"J born of the blood royal of England, 
though how, or which way, he doth not acquaint us. But we 
envy not his high extraction, whilst it seems accompanied with 
other eminences. He was bred in Oxford, and afterwards be 
came chancellor thereof, 1403. From being archdeacon of Can 
terbury, he was preferred bishop of Salisbury. On the sixth of 
June 1411, he was made cardinal, though his particular title is 
not expressed. It argueth his abilities, that he was one of them 
who was sent to represent the English cergy, both in the 
council of Pisa and Constance, in which last service he died, 
anno Domini 1417, in Gotleby Castle, 


JOANNES SARISBURIENSIS was born at, and so named from, 
Old Sarum in this county ; though I have heard of some of the 
Salisburies in Denbyshire, who essay to assert him to their fa 
mily ; as who would not recover so eminent a person ? 

Leland saith that he seeth in him " omnem scientise orbem," 
(all the world, or, if you will the whole circle, of learning.) 
Bale saith, that " he was one of the first who, since Theodorus 

* Pits, de Anglise Scriptoribus, anno 1305. 
t Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 85. 
$ Pits, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, anno 1410. 

Y 2 


archbishop of Canterbury, living five hundred years before him 
(oh the jue y xdapa. of barbarism in England!) endeavoured to 
restore the learned languages to their original purity, being a 
good Latinist, Grecian, Musician, Mathematician, Philosopher, 
Divine, and what not ?"* 

What learning he could not find at homej he did fetch from 
abroad, travelling into France and Italy, companion to T. Bec- 
ket in his exile,- but no partner in his protervity against his 
prince, for which he sharply reproved him. He was highly in 
favour with Pope Eugenius the Third and Adrian the Fourth ; 
and yet no author in that age hath so pungent passages against 
the pride and covetousness of the court of Rome. Take a taste 
of them : 

" Sedent in Ecclesia Romana Scribae et Phariseei, ponentes 
onera importabilia in humeros hominum. Ita debacchantur 
ejus Legati, ac si ad Ecclesiam flagellandam egressus sit Satan 
a facie Domini. 

" Peccata populi comedunt ; eis vestiuntur, et in iis multipli- 
citer luxuriantur, dum veri adoratores in Spiritu adorant Pa- 
trem. Q,ui ab eorum dissentit doctrina, aut hacreticus judica- 
tur, aut schismaticus. Manifestet ergo seipsum Christus, et 
palam faciat viam, qua nobis est incedendum."t 

(" Scribes and Pharisees sit in the church of Rome, putting 
unbearable burthens on men s backs. His Legates do so swag 
ger, as if Satan were gone forth from the face of the Lord to 
scourge the Church. 

" They eat the sins of the people ; with them they are 
clothed, and many ways riot therein, whilst the true worshippers 
worship the Father in spirit. Whoso dissent from their doctrine 
are condemned for heretics or schismatics. Christ therefore 
will manifest himself, and make the way plain, wherein we must 

How doth our author Luther it (before Luther) against their 
errors and vices ! the more secure for the genei al opinion men 
had of his person, all holding our John to be, though no pro 
phet, a pious man. King Henry the Second made him bishop 
of Chartres in France, where he died 1182. 

[S. N.] RICHARD POORE, dean of Sarisbury, was first bishop 
of Chichester, then of Sarisbury, or Old Sarum rather. He 
found his cathedral most inconveniently seated, for want of 
water and other necessaries; and therefore removed it a mile 
off, to a place called Merryfield (for the pleasant situation 
thereof), since Sarisbury ; where he laid the foundation of that 
stately structure which he lived not here to finish. 

Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iii. num. 1. 
f Joannes Sarisburiensis, in Polycratico. 


Now, as the place whence he came was so dry, that, as 
Malmsbury saith, "miserabili commercio ibi aqua veneat; 3 
(by sad chaffer they were fain to give money for water) ; so he 
removed to one so low and moist, men sometimes (upon my 
own knowledge) would give money to be rid of the water. I 
observe this for no other end but to shew that all human 
happiness, notwithstanding often exchange of places, will still 
be an heteroclite, and either have too much or too little for our 

This Poore was afterwards removed to the bishopric of Dur 
ham, and lived there in great esteem ; Matthew Paris charac 
terising him, " eximise sanctitatis et profundse scientise virum." 
His dissolution, in a most pious and peaceable manner, hap 
pened April 5, anno Domini 1237. His corpse, by his will, was 
brought and buried at Tarrant in Dorsetshire, in a nunnery of 
his own founding ; and some of his name [and probably alli 
ance] are still extant in this county. 

WILLIAM EDENDON w r as born at Edendon in this county ; 
bred in Oxford, and advanced by king Edward the Third to be 
bishop of Winchester and lord treasurer of England. During 
his managing of that office, he caused new coins (unknown 
before) to be made (groats and half-groats) both readier for 
change and fitter for charity. But the worst was, <e imminuto 
nonnihil pondere," (the weight was somewhat abated,)* If 
any say this was an unepiscopal act, know, he did it not as 
bishop but as lord treasurer ; the king, his master, having all 
the profit thereby. Yea, succeeding princes, following this pat 
tern, have sub-diminished their coin ever since. Hence is it that 
our nobility cannot maintain the port of their ancestors with 
the same revenues ; because so many pounds are not so many 
pounds; though the same in noise and number, not the same 
in intrinsical valuation. 

He was afterwards made lord chancellor, and erected a stately 
convent fovSonhommes at Edendon in this county, the place of 
his nativity, valued at the Dissolution per annum at five hundred 
twenty-one pounds, twelve shillings, five-pence half-penny. 
Some condemn him for robbing St. Peter (to whom, with St. 
Swithen, Winchester church was dedicated) to pay All Saints 
collectively, to whom Edendon convent was consecrated, suf 
fering his episcopal palaces to decay and drop down, whilst he 
raised up his new foundation.f This he dearly paid for after 
his death, when his executors were sued for dilapidations by his 
successor William Wickham (an excellent architect, and there 
fore well-knowing how to proportion his charges for repara 
tions), \vho recovered of them one thousand six hundred sixty- 
two pounds ten shillings, a vast sum in that age, though paid 

* Godwin, Catalogue of the Bishops of Winchester. 

f Speed, in his Catalogue of Religious Houses, in Wiltshire. 


in the lighter groats and half-groats.* Besides this, his execu 
tors were forced to make good the standing stock of the bishop 
ric, which in his time was impaired: viz. oxen, 1556 5 wea 
thers, 4717 ; ewes, 3521 ; lambs, 3521 ; swine, 127. 

This Edendon sat in his bishopric twenty-one years; and, 
dying 1366, lieth buried on the south side [of Winchester 
cathedral], in the passage to the choir, having a fair monument 
of alabaster, but an epitaph of coarse stone ; I mean, so barba 
rous that it is not worth the inserting. 

RICHARD MAYO, alias MAYIIOWE, was born nigh Hunger- 
ford in this county, of good parentage, whose surname and kin 
dred was extinct in the last generation, when the heirs-general 
thereof were married into the families of Montpesson and 
Grove. He was first admitted in New College,t and thence 
removed to Magdalen s in Oxford, where he became president 
thereof for twenty-seven years. It argueth his abilities to any 
indifferent apprehension, that so knowing a prince as Henry the 
Seventh, amongst such plenty of eminent persons, elected and 
sent him into Spain, anno 1501, to bring over the lady Catherine 
to be married to prince Arthur ;J which he performed with all 
fidelity, though the heavens might rather seem to laugh at, than 
smile on, that unfortunate marrying, After his return, he was re 
warded with the bishopric of Hereford, and having sat eleven 
years therein, died 1516; and lieth buried in his church, on the 
south side of the high altar, under a magnificent monument. 


JOHN THORNEBOROUGH, B.D. was born (as I am credibly in 
formed) in the city of Salisbury, bred in Magdalen College in 
Oxford. He did euVpoo-oTn/frcu lv eapKi, and his godly presence 
made him more acceptable to queen Elizabeth, preferring him 
dean of York, and bishop of Limerick in Ireland, where he re 
ceived a most remarkable deliverance, in manner as followeth : 

Lying in an old castle in Ireland, in a large room, partitioned 
but with sheets or curtains, his wife, children, and servants, in 
effect a whole family in the dead time of the night, the floor 
over head being earth and plaster, as in many places is used, 
overcharged with weight, fell wholly down together, and crushing 
all to pieces that was above two feet high, as cupboards, tables, 
forms, stools, rested at last on certain chests, as God would have 
it, and hurt no living creature. 

In the first of king James, 1603, he was consecrated bishop 
of Bristol ; and held his deanery and Irish bishopric in com- 
mendam with it, and from thence was translated to Worcester. 

* Godwin, Catalogue of the Bishops of Winchester. 

t New College Register, in anno 1459. 

J Godwin, Catalogue of the Bishops of Hereford. 

Sir John Harrington, in his Additions to Bishop Godwin, p. 159. 


I have heard his skill in chemistry much commended ; and he 
presented a precious extraction to king James, reputed a great 
preserver of health, and prolonger of life. He conceived by 
such helps to have added to his vigorous vivacity, though I 
think a merry heart (whereof he had a great measure) was his 
best elixir to that purpose. He died, exceeding aged, anno 
Domini 1641. 

JOHN BUCKBBIDGE was born at Draycott nigh Maryborough 
in this county;* and bred under Master Mullcaster in Mer 
chant Taylors School ; from whence he was sent to Saint John s 
College in Oxford, where, from a fellow, he became doctor of 
divinity, and president thereof. He afterwards succeeded doc 
tor Lancelot Andrews, in the vicarage of Saint Giles Cripple- 
gate, in which cure they lived one-and-twenty years a-piece; and 
indeed great was the intimacy betwixt these two learned prelates. 
On the 9th of June 1611, he was consecrated bishop of Ro 
chester; and afterwards set forth a learned book, in opposi 
tion of John Fisher, "De potestate Papae in Temporalibus," of 
which my author doth affirm, " Johaniiem itaque Roffensem 
habemus, quern Johanni Roffensi opponamus, Fishero Buckeri- 
gium, cujus argumentis (si quid ego video) ne a mille quidem 
Fisheris unquam respondebitur/ f 

He was afterwards preferred bishop of Ely ; and having 
preached the funeral sermon of bishop Andrews (extant in 
print at the end of his works) survived him not a full year, 
dying anno Domini 1631. He was decently interred, by his 
own appointment, in the parish church of Bromley in Kent ; 
the manor whereof belonged to the bishopric of Rochester. 


EDWARD SEIMOR and THOMAS SEIMOR, both sons of Sir 
John Seimor, of Wolfull, knight, in this county. I join them 
together, because whilst they were united in affection they were 
invincible ; but, when divided, easily overthrown by their ene 

Edward Seymor duke of Somerset, lord protector and trea 
surer of England, being the elder brother, succeded to a fair pa 
ternal inheritance. He was a valiant soldier for land-service, 
fortunate, and generally beloved by martial men. He was of 
an open nature, free from jealousy and dissembling, affable to 
all people. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Edward 
Stanhop, knight, a lady of a high mind and haughty undaunted 


Thomas Seymor, the younger brother, was made baron of 
Sudley. By offices and the favours of his nephew, king Edward 
the Sixth, he obtained a great estate. He was well experienced 

* So am I informed by Mr. Anthony Holmes, his secretary, still alive F. 
f Godwin, in his Catalogue of the Bishops of Rochester. 


in sea affairs, and made lord admiral of England. He. lay at a 
close posture, being of a reserved nature, and was more cunning 
in his carriage. He married queen Katharine Parr, the widow 
of king Henry the Eighth. 

Very great the animosities betwixt their wives ; the duchess 
refusing to bear the queen s train, and in effect justled with 
her for precedence ; so that what betwixt the train of the queen, 
and long gown of the duchess, they raised so much dust at the 
court, as at last put out the eyes of both their husbands, and 
occasioned their executions, as we have largely declared in our 
Ecclesiastical History " the Lord Thomas anno 1548-9; the 
Lord Edward anno 1551-2. 

Thus the two best bulwarks of the safety of king Edward the 
Sixth being demolished to the ground, duke Dudley had the 
advantages the nearer to approach and assault the king s person, 
and to practise his destruction, as is vehemently suspected. 

Sir OLIVER SAINT JOHN, Knight, lord Grandison, &c. was 
born of an ancient and honourable family, whose prime seat 
was at Lediard Tregoze in this county. He was bred in the 
wars from his youth, and at last by king James was appointed 
lord deputy of Ireland, and vigorously pursued the principles 
of his predecessors for the civilizing thereof. Indeed the lord 
Mountjoy reduced that country to obedience, the lord Chiches- 
ter to some civility, and this lord Grandison first advanced it to 
considerable profit to his master. I confess T. Walsingham 
wnteth,* that Ireland afforded unto Edward the Third thirty 
thousand pounds a-year paid into his exchequer ; but it appears 
by the Irish Records (which are rather to be believed) that it 
was rather a burden, and the constant revenue thereof beneath 
the third part of that proportion/!" But now, the kingdom be 
ing peaceably settled, the income thereof turned to good account, 
so that Ireland (called by my author the land of Ire, for the con 
stant broils therein for four hundred years) was now become 
the land of concord. Being recalled into England, he lived 
many years in great repute, and dying without issue left his Ho 
nour to his sister s son by Sir Edward Villiers ; but the main of 
his estate to his brother s son Sir John Saint John, knight and 

Sir JAMES LEY, Knight and Baronet, son of Henry Ley, es 
quire, (one of great ancestry, who on his own cost, with his men, 
valiantly served king Henry the Eighth at the siege of Boulogne), 
was born at Teffont in this county. Being his father s sixth son 
(and so m probability barred of his inheritance), he endeavoured 
to make himself an heir by his education, applying his book in 

rasen-nose College, and afterwards studying the laws of the 

* In the Life of Richard the Second. 

Sir John Davies, in Discoveries of Ireland, p. 39, &c. 


land in Lincoln s-Inn, wherein such his proficiency, king James 
made him lord chief justice in Ireland. 

Here he practised the charge king James gave him at his go 
ing uver (yea, what his own tender conscience gave himself) ; 
namely, " not to build his estate on the ruins of a miserable na 
tion j" but aiming, by the impartial execution of justice, not to 
enrich himself, but civilize the people, he made a good pro 
gress therein. But the king would no longer lose him out of 
his own land, and therefore recalled him home about the time 
when his father s inheritance, by the death of his five elder 
brethren, descended upon him. 

It was not long before offices and honour flowed in fast upon 
him, being made 

By king James: 1. Attorney of the Court of Wards: 2. 
Chief Justice of the Upper Bench, 18th of his reign, Jan. 29 : 
3. Lord Treasurer of England, in the 22d of his reign, Decem 
ber 22 : 4, Baron Ley of Ley in Devonshire, the last of the 
same month.* 

By king Charles : 1. Earl of Marlborough in this county, im 
mediately after the king s coronation : 2. Lord President of 
the Council; in which place he died, anno Domini 1629. 

He was a person of great gravity, ability, and integrity ; and, 
as the Caspian Sea is observed neither to ebb nor flow, so his 
mind did not rise or fall, but continued the same constancy in 
all conditions. 

Sir FRANCIS COTTINGTON, Knight, was born nigh^Mere in 

this county, and bred, when a youth, under Sir Stafford. 

He lived so long in Spain, till he made the garb and gravity of 
that nation become his, and become him. He raised himself by 
his natural strength, without any artificial advantage ; having 
his parts above his learning, his experience above his parts, his 
industry above his experience, and (some will say) his success 
above all: so that at the last he became chancellor of the Exche 
quer, baron of Hanworth in Middlesex, and (upon the resigna 
tion of doctor Juxon) lord treasurer of England, gaining also 
a very great estate. But what he got in few years he lost in 
fewer days, since our civil wars, when the parliament was pleased 
(for reasons only known to themselves) to make him one of 
the examples of their severity, excluding him pardon, but per 
mitting his departure beyond the seas, where he died about the 
year 1650. 


Sir NICHOLAS HYDE, Knight, was born at Warder in this 
county, where his father, in right of his wife, had a long lease 
of that castle from the family of the Arundels. His father, I 

* J. Philipot, in his Catalogue of Lord Treasurers, p. 84. 


say (descended from an ancient family in Cheshire) a fortunate 
gentleman in all his children (and more in his grand-children) ; 
some of his under-boughs out-growing the top branch, and 
younger children (amongst whom Sir Nicholas) in wealth and 
honour exceeding the heir of the family. 

He was bred in the Middle Temple, and was made serjeant- 
at-law the first of February 1626 ; and on the eighth day follow 
ing was sworn lord chief justice of the King s Bench, succeed 
ing in that office next save one unto his countryman Sir James 
Ley (then alive, and preferred lord treasurer, born within two 
miles one of another), and next of all unto Sir Randall Ca- 
rew lately displaced. Now, though he entered on his place with 
some disadvantage (Sir Randal being generally popular), and 
though in those days it was hard for the same person to please 
court and country, yet he discharged his office with la\idable 
integrity; and died 1631.* 


First, for this county in general, hear what an ancient author, 
who wrote about the time of king Henry the Second, reporteth 
of it, whose words are worthy of our translation and exposition : 

" Provincia Severiana, quae moderno usu ac nomine ab incolis 
Wiltesira vocatur, eodem jure sibi vendicat cohortem subsidi- 
ariam, adjecta sibi Devonia et Cornubia."t 

("The Severian Province, which by modern use and name is by 
the inhabitants called Wiltshire, by the same right challengeth 
to itself to have the rear, Devonshire and Cornwall being joined 
unto it.") 

The Severian Province. We thank our author for expounding 
it Wiltshire ; otherwise we should have sought for it in the 
north, near the wall of Severus. 

By the same right. Viz. by which Kent claimeth to lead the 
vanguard, whereof formerly.^ 

To have the rear. So translated by Mr. Selden (from whom 
it is a sin to dissent in a criticism of antiquity) ; otherwise some 
would cavil it to be the reserve. Indeed the rear is the basis 
and foundation of an army ; and it is one of the chief of divine 
promises, " The glory of the Lord shall be thy rear-ward." || 

We read how the Romans placed their triarii (which were 
veteran soldiers) behind, and the service was very sharp indeed, 
cum res rediit ad triarios. We may say that these three coun 
ties, Wiltshire, Devonshire, and Cornwall, are the triarii of Eng 
land ; yet so that in our author Wiltshire appears as principal, 
the others being added for its assistance. 

EDWARD HYDE, earl of Clarendon, was born at Dinton in this county in the 
year 1608, and was created lord chancellor of Great Britain by king Charles II. 

f Johannes Sarisburiensis, de Nugis Curialium, vi. cap. 18. 

t See Kent, under the head SOLDIERS, vol. ii. p. 145 ED. 

In his notes on Polyolbion, p. 303. || Isaiah Iviii. 8. 


Here I dare interpose nothing, why the two interjected coun 
ties betwixt Wilts and Devon, viz. Dorset and Somerset, are 
not mentioned, which giveth me cause to conjecture them in 
cluded in Devonia, in the large acception thereof. Now 
amongst the many worthy soldiers which this county hath pro 
duced, give me leave to take special notice of 

HENRY D ANVERS. His ensuing epitaph on his monument 
in the Church of Dantsey in this shire, will better acquaint the 
reader with his deserts, than any character which my pen can 
give of him : 

" Here lieth the body of Henry Danvers, second son to Sir 
John Danvers, knight, and dame Elizabeth, daughter and coheir 
to Nevill lord Latimer. He was born at Dantsey in the county 
of Wilts, Jan. anno Domini 1573, being bred up partly in the 
Low Country wars under Maurice earl of Nassau, afterward 
prince of Orange ; and in many other military actions of those 
times, both by sea and by land. He was made a captain in the 
wars of France, and there knighted for his good service under 
Henry the Fourth, the then French king. He was employed 
as lieutenant of the horse, and serjeant-major of the whole army 
in Ireland, under Robert earl of Essex, and Charles baron of 
Mountjoy, in the reign of queen Elizabeth. By king James the 
First he was made baron of Dansey, and peer of this realm, as 
also lord-president of Munster, and governor of Guernsey. By 
king Charles the First he was created earl of Danby, made of 
his privy council, and knight of the most noble order of the 
Garter. In his latter time, by reason of imperfect health, con 
siderably declining more active employments, full of honours, 
wounds, and days, he died anno Domini 1643. Laus Deo." 

For many years before, St. George had not been more mag 
nificently mounted (I mean the solemnity of his feast more 
sumptuously observed) than when this earl, with the earl of 
Morton, were installed knights of the Garter. One might have 
there beheld the abridgment of English and Scottish in their 
attendance : the Scottish earl (like Zeuxis picture) adorned with 
all art and costliness ; whilst our English earl (like the plain 
sheet of Apelles) by the gravity of his habit got the advantage 
of the gallanty of his co-rival with judicious beholders. He 
died without issue in the beginning of our civil wars ; and by 
his will, made 1639, settled his large estate on his hopeful ne 
phew Henry D Anvers, snatched away (before fully of age) to 
the great grief of all good men. 


OLIVER of MALMESBURY was (saithmy author*) "inipsius 
Monasterii territorio natus ; so that there being few paces be- 

* Pits, de Illustribus Angliae Scriptoribus, anno 1060. 


twixt his cradle and that convent, he quickly came thither, and 
became a Benedictine therein. He was much addicted to ma 
thematics, and to judicial astrology. A great comet hap 
pened in his age, which he entertained with these expres 
sions : 

" Venisti ? venisti ? multis matribus lugendum rnalum ! Du- 
dum te vidi ; sed multo jam terribilius, Anglise minans prorsus 

(" Artthou come ? art thou come ? thou evil to be lamented 
by many mothers ! I saw thee long since ; but now thou art 
much more terrible, threatening the English with utter de 
struction/ ) 

Nor did he much miss his mark herein ; for, soon after, the 
coming in of the Norman conqueror deprived many English of 
their lives, more of their laws and liberties, till, after many 
years, by God s goodness, they were restored. 

This Oliver, having a mind to try the truth of poetical re 
ports, an facia vel ficta, is said to have tied wings to his hands 
and feet, and taking his rise from a tower in Malmsbury, flew 
as they say a furlong,* till, something failing him, down he fell, 
and brake both his thighs. Pity is it but that, Icarus-like, he 

had not fallen into the water ; and then 

" OLIVER OL VARIS nomina fecit aquis." 

I find the like recorded in the Ecclesiastical History of Simon 
Magus, f flying from the Capitol in Rome high in the air, till at 
last (by the prayers of St. Peter) he fell down, and bruised him 
self to death. But that Simon did it by the black, our Oliver 
by the ivhite art ; he being supported by ill spirits, this by mere 
ingenuity, which made him the more to be pitied. 

He wrote some books of astrology; and died anno Domini 
1060,J five years before the Norman invasion; and so saw not 
his own prediction (prevented by death) performed; it be 
ing the fate of such folk, " ut sint oculati foras, et CEecutiant 
domi," (that when they are quick-sighted to know what shall be 
tide to others, they are blind to behold what will befall to them 

WILLIAM, quitting his own name of SUMMERSET, assumed 
that of MALMESBURY, because there he had (if not born) his 
best preferment. Indeed he was a duallist in that convent 
(and if a pluralist no ingenious person would have envied him), 
being chanter of that church, and library-keeper therein. Let me 
add, and library-maker too ; for so may we call his " History of 
the Saxon Kings and Bishops " before the Conquest, and after 
it until his own time ; a history to be honoured, both for the 

* Pits, de Illustribus Anglioe Scriptoribns, anno 1060. 

t Abdias Babilou Apost. Hist. lib. i. ; Egesippus, lib. iii. cap. 1 ; Epiph. lib. 
torn. 2, htures. 21. ; Anton, cbro. part i. tit. 6, cap. 4. 
J Bale, de Scriptoribus Britaimicis, Cent ii. num. 51. 


truth and method thereof. If any fustiness be found in his 
writings, it comes not from the grape, but from the cask. 
The smack of superstition in his books is not to be imputed to 
his person, but to the age wherein he lived and died, viz. anno 
Domini 1142, and was buried in Malmsbury. 

ROBERT CANUTUS. His surname might justly persuade us 
to suspect him a Dane, but that Bale * doth assure him born at 
Cricklade in this county ; and further proceedeth thus in the 
description of the place : 

" Leland, in the life of the great king Alfred, informs us, 
that, during the flourishing of the glory of the Britons, before 
the university of Oxford was founded, two scholars were famous 
both for eloquence and learning, the one called Greeklade, where 
the Greek, the other Latinlade, where the Latin tongue was 
professed ; since corruptly called Cricklade and Lechlade at this 

Having so good security, I presumed to print the same in. 
my "Church History," and am not as yet ashamed thereof 
But, since my worthy friend Doctor Heylin (whose relations 
living thereabouts, gave him the opportunity of more exactness) 
thus reporteth it, that Cricklade was the place for the profession 
of Greek, Lechlade for physic and Latin, a small village (small 
indeed, for I never saw it any map) hard by the place where 
Latin was professed. 

But to proceed : oar Canute went hence to Oxford, and there 
became chief of the canons of Saint Fridswith. He gathered 
the best flowers out of Pliny s " Natural History ;" and, com 
posing it into " a Garland " (as he calleth it), dedicated the 
book to king Henry the Second. He wrote also his " Comments 
on the greater part of the Old and New Testament;" and 
flourished anno 1170. 

RICHARD of the DEVISES. A word of the place of his 
nativity. The Vies, or Devises, is the best and biggest town 
for trading (Salisbury being a city) in this shire; so called 
because anciently divided betwixt the king and the bishop of 
Salisbury, as Mine-TIdne (corruptly called MindenJ, a city in 
Westphalia, had its name from such a partition. Now because 
the Devises carrieth much of strange conceits in the common 
sound thereof, and because Stone-henge is generally reputed a 
wonder, country people who live far off in our land mis-appre 
hend them (distanced more than twelve miles) to be near 
together. Our Richard, born in this town, was bred a Benedic 
tine in Winchester, where his learning and industry rendered 
him to the respect of all in that age. He wrote a history of 
the reign of king Richard the First, under whom he flourished, and 

* In vita Robert! Canuti, Cent. iii. num. 4. f Idem. 


an epitome of the British affairs,* dedicating them both to 
Robert prior of Winchester. His history I could never see 
but at the second hand, as cited by others, the rarity thereof 
making it no piece for the shop of a stationer, but a property 
for a public library. His death was about the year 1200. 

GODWIN of SALISBURY, chanter of that church ; and (what 
ever was his skill in music) following the precept of St. Paul, 
he " made melody in his heart,"t having his mind much given 
to meditation, which is the chewing of the cud of the food of 
the soul, turning it into clean and wholesome nourishment. 
He wrote (beside other works) a book of " Meditations," dedi 
cating the same to one Ramulia, or rather Ranilda, " an ancho 
ress, and most incomparable woman," J saith my author ; the 
more remarkable to me, because this is the first and last mention 
I find of her memory. This Godwin flourished about the year 
of our Lord 1256. 

JOHN of WILTON, senior, was bred an Augustinian friar ; 
and, after he had stored himself with home-bred learning, went 
over into France, and studied at Paris. Here he became a sub 
tle disputant, insomuch that John Baconthorp (that staple 
schoolman) not only highly praisetli him, but also useth his 
authority in his arguments. I meet not with any man in that 
age better stocked with sermons on all occasions, having writ 
ten his Summer, his Winter, his Lent, his Holiday Sermons. 
He flourished under king Edward the Second, anno 13 10, 

JOHN of WILTON, junior, was bred a Benedictine monk in 
Westminster. He was elegant in the Latin tongue " preeter 
ejus aetatis sortem."|| He wrote "Metrical Meditations," in 
imitation of Saint Bernard ; and one book, highly prized by 
many, intituled " Horologium Sapientiae," English it as you 
please, " the Clock or Dial of Wisdom." He was a great allegory 
monk, and great his dexterity in such figurative conceits. He 
flourished, some fifty years after his namesake, under king Ed 
ward the Third. 

Reader, I confess there be eleven Wiltons in England ;^[ and 
therefore will not absolutely avouch the nativities of these two 
Johns in this county. However, because Wilton, which deno- 
minateth this shire, is the best and biggest amongst the towns 
so called, I presume them placed here with the most probability. 

JOHN CHYLMARK was born at that village, well known in 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iii. num. 28. 

t Ephesians, v. 19. J Bale, ubi supra, Cent. iv. num. 20. 

Idem, Cent. iv. num. 94. j| Idem, Cent. \-i. num. 17- 

If See Villare Anglicanum. 



Dun worth Hundred ; and bred fellow of Merton College in Ox 
ford. He was a diligent searcher into the mysteries of Nature, 
an acute philosopher and disputant ; but most remarkable was 
his skill in mathematics, being accounted the Archimedes of 
that age, having written many tractates in that faculty,* which 
carry with them a very good regard at this day. He flourished, 
under king Richard the Second, anno 1390. 

THOMAS of WILTON, D.D. was, from his learning and abi 
lities, made first chancellor, and then dean, of St. Paul s in 
London. In his time (in the reign of king Edward the Fourth) 
happened a tough contest betwixt the prelates and the friars ; 
the latter pretending to poverty, and taxing the bishops for 
their pomp and plenty. Our Wilton politicly opposed the 
friars. Now as the only way to withdraw Hannibal from his 
invasive war in Italy, was by recalling him to defend his own 
country near Carthage ; so Wilton wisely wrought a diversion, 
putting the friars, from accusing the bishops, to excuse them 

For, although an old gown, a tattered cowl, a shirt of hair, a 
girdle of hemp, a pair of beads, a plain crucifix, and picture of 
some saint, passed for all the wealth and wardrobe of a friar ; 
yet, by hearing feminine confessions (wherewith Wilton twitteth 
them), and abusing the key of absolution, they opened the cof 
fers of all the treasure in the land. He wrote also a smart book 
on this subject, " An validi Mendicantes sint in statu Perfec- 
tionis ?"t (Whether friars in health, and begging, be in the state 
of Perfection ?) The anti-friarists maintaining, that such were 
rogues by the laws of God and man, and fitter for the house of 
correction than state of perfection. 

This dean Wilton flourished anno Domini 1460. 


WILLIAM HOREMAN was (saith my author!) patria Sarisbu- 
riensi, which in the strictest sense may be rendered, " born in the 
city -," in the largest, "born in the diocese of Salisbury ; " and in 
the middle sense (which I most embrace) ct born in Wiltshire," 
the county wherein Salisbury is situated. He was bred (saith 
Bale) first in Eton, then in King s College in Cambridge; both 
which I do not deny, though probably not of the foundation, 
his name not appearing in the exact "Catalogue" thereof. 
Returning to Eton, he was made vice-provost thereof, where 
he spent the remainder of his days. He was one of the most 
general scholars of his age, as may appear by the diffusiveness 
of his learning, and books written in all faculties : Grammar 

Rale, de Scriptonbus Britannicis, Cent. vi. num. 99. 
f Idem, Cent. viii. num. 32. J Idem, num. 70. 

Collected in Manuscript by Mr. Hatcher. 


of Orthography : Poetry, of the Quantities of Penultime Sylla 
bles : History, a Chronicle, with a comment on some, and index 
of most Chronicles : Controversial Divinity, a Comment on 
Gabriel Biel : Case, Divinity on the Divorce of king Henry the 
Eighth : Husbandry, a Comment on Cato, Varro, Columella, 
Palladius, de Re Rustica. 

Other books he left unfinished, for which Bale sends forth a 
sorrowful sigh, with a proh dolor ! Which his passion is proof 
enough for me to place this Horeman on this side of the line 
of Reformation. He died April 12, 1535 ; and lieth buried in 
the chapel of Eton. 


WILLIAM LAWES, son of Thomas Lawes, a vicar choral of 
the church of Salisbury, was bred in the Close of that city, 
being from his childhood inclined to music. Edward earl of 
Hertford obtained him from his father, and bred him at his own 
cost in that faculty, under his master Giovanni Coperario, an 
Italian, and most exquisite musician. Yet may it be said that 
the scholar in time did equal, yea exceed, his master. 

He afterwards was of the private music to king Charles ; and 
was respected and beloved of all such persons who cast any 
looks towards virtue and honour. Besides his fancies of the 
three, four, five, and six parts to viol and organ, he made above 
thirty several sorts of music for voices and instruments ; nei 
ther was there any instrument then in use but he composed to 
it so aptly as if he had only studied that. 

In these distracted times his loyalty engaged him in the war 
for his lord and master ; and though he was by general Gerrard 
made a commissary, on design to secure him (such officers being 
commonly shot-free by their place, as not exposed to danger), 
yet such the activity of his spirit, he disclaimed the covert of 
his office, and betrayed thereunto by his own adventurousness, 
was casually shot at the siege of Chester, the same time when 
the lord Bernard Stuart lost his life. 

Nor was the king s soul so engrossed with grief for the death 
of so near a kinsman, and noble a lord, but that, hearing of the 
death of his dear servant William Lawes, he had a particular 
mourning for him when dead, whom he loved when living, and 
commonly called "the Father of Music." I leave the rest of 
his worth to be expressed by his own works of composures of 
Psalms done jointly by him and his brother, Master Henry 
Lawes,* betwixt which two no difference, either in eminency, 
affection, or otherwise considerable, save that the one is deceased, 
and the other still surviving. Master William Lawes died in 
September 1645. 

The friend of Milton, who wrote " Comus" at his suggestion; he died in 
1662. ED. 



T. STUMPS, of the town of Malmsbury* in this county, 
was in his age one of the most eminent clothiers in England ; 
of whom there passeth a story, told with some variation of cir 
cumstances, but generally to this purpose. 

King Henry the Eighth, hunting near Malmsbury in Bredon 
Forest, came with all his court train, unexpected, to dine with 
this clothier. But great housekeepers are as seldom sur 
prised with guests as vigilant captains with enemies. Stumps 
commands his little army of workmen, which he fed daily 
in his house, to fast one meal until night (which they might 
easily do without endangering their health), and with the same 
provision gave the king and his court train (though not so 
delicious and various) most wholesome and plentiful entertain 

But more authentic is what I read in the great antiquary,t 
speaking of the plucking down of Malmsbury monastery : 
" The very Minster itself should have sped no better than the 
rest, but been demolished, had not T. Stumps, a wealthy 
clothier, by much suit, but with a greater sum of money, re 
deemed and bought it for the townsmen his neighbours, by 
whom it was converted to a parish church, and for a great part 
is yet standing at this day." 

I find one William Stumps, gentleman, who, in the one- 
and-thirtieth year of king Henry the Eighth, bought of him 
the domains of Malmsbury abbey for fifteen hundred pounds 
two shillings and a halfpenny. J Now how he was related to 
this T. Stumps, whether son or father, is to me unknown. It 
will not be a sin for me to wish more branches from such 
Stumps, who by their bounty may preserve the monuments of 
antiquity from destruction. 


.... SUTTON, of SALISBURY. Tradition and an old pam 
phlet, (newly vamped with Additions) make him a great clothier, 
entertaining king Henry the First, and bequeathing at his death 
one hundred pounds to the weavers of Salisbury, with many 
other benefactions. I dare not utterly deny such a person, and 
his bountiful gifts ; but am assured that he is notoriously mis 
timed, seeing Salisbury had scarce a stone laid therein one hun 
dred years after king Henry the First; and as for Old Sarum, 
that age knew nothing of clothing, as we have proved before. 
Thus these mongrel pamphlets (part true, part false] do most 
mischief. Snakes are less dangerous than lampreys, seeing 

* I durst venture no farther, finding no more of his name in Mr. Camden F. 
t Camden s Britannia, in Wiltshire. 

t I perused the original in the Remembrancer s (or Sir Thomas Fanshaw s) 
Office, C. vii. Par. rot. 147. F. 



none will feed on what is known to be poison. But these 
books are most pernicious, where truth and falsehoods are 
blended together ; and such a medley-cloth is the tale-story of 
this clothier. 

MICHEL, born at in this county, was under-sheriff to 

Sir Anthony Hungarford (a worthy knight) anno 1558, in the 
last year of queen Mary. 

Of this master Michel I find this character, " A right and a 

perfect godly man."t 

Under-sheriffs generally are complained of as over-craity 
say no worse of them) ; but it seems hereby the place doth not 
spoil the person, but the person the place. When the writ de 
comburendis hareticis, for the execution of Richard White and 
John Hunt (of whom formerly t), was brought to Mr. Michel, 
instead of burning them he burnt the writ; and before the 
same could be renewed, doctor Geffray (the bloody chancellor 
of Salisbury who procured it) and queen Mary were both dead, 
to the miraculous preservation of God s servants. 

Sir JAMES vicar choral (as I conceive) of the 

church of Salisbury in the reign of king Edward the Sixth, 
was wholly addicted to the study of chemistry. Now as Socra 
tes himself wrote nothing, whilst Plato his scholar praised him 
to purpose ; so, whilst the pen of Sir James was silent of its 
own worth, Thomas Charnock his scholar (whom he made 
inheritor of his art) thus chants in his commendation :J 

" I could find never man but one, 

Which could teach me the secrets of our Stone ; 
And that was a priest in the Close of Salisbury, 
God rest his soul in Heaven full merrily." 

This Sir James pretended that he had all his skill, not by 
learning but inspiration, which I list not to disprove, He was 
alive anno 1555, but died about the beginning of queen 


Sir Nicholas Lambert, son of Edward Lambert, of Wilton, 
Grocer, 1531. 



SIXTH, 1433. 

R. Bishop of Salisbury, and Walter Hungarford, knight; Robert 
Andrew, and Robert Long, (knights for the shire) ; Commis 
sioners to receive the oaths. 

Rob. Hungarford, mil. Edm. Hungarford, mil. 

Fox s Acts and Monuments, p. 2655. f See P- 322> 

J In his Enigma Alchimise. 



Joh. Stourton, mil. 

Will. Becham, mil. 

Joh. Beynton, mil. 

Will. Westbery, Justiciarii. 

Joh. Seymour. 

Will. Darell. 

Rich. Milbourn. 

Edm. Dantesey. 

Joh. Westbery, sen. 

David. Cerington. 

Randul. Thorp. 

Lau. Gowayn. 

Rog. Peryton. 

Will. Gore, senior. 

Rob. Ernly. 

Rob. Blake. 

Tho. Drewe. 

Will. Daungers. 

Rob. Paniffote. 

Joh. Westbery, junior. 

Will. Rouse. 

Tho. Boneham. 

Johan. Rous. 

Will. Besyle. 

Rob. Baynard. 

Rog. Trewbody. 

Will. Caynelt. 

Will. Botreauxe. 

Will. Widecombe. 

Joh. Atte Berwe. 

Joh. Northfoik. 

Joh. Sturmy. 

Tho. Cryklade. 

Rob. Bodenham. 

Johan. Bride. 

Rob. Beast. 

Rob. Colyngborn. 

Hen. Chancy. 

Joh. Combe. 

Joh. West. 

Rob. Onewyn. 

Tho. lerderd. 

Joh. Whitehorn. 

Joh. Gergrave. 

Nich. Wotton. 

Tho. Hall. 

Joh. Hall. 

Rich. Hall. 

Will. Gore, junior. 

Rob. Crikkelade, 

Joh. Lambard. 

Tho. Beweshyn. 

Rich. Mayn. 

Joh. Mayn. 

Joh. Benger. 

Rob. Mayhow. 

Hen. Bardley. 

Rob. Confold. 

Joh. Mumfort. 

Tho. Hancock. 

Joh. Osburn. 

Joh. Gillberd. 

Joh. Attuene. 

Joh. Escote. 

Gul. Orum. 

Rich. Sotwel. 

Reg. Croke. 

Ingel. Walrond. 

Joh. Waldrine. 

Rich. Warrin. 

Will. Stanter. 

Rob. Solman. 

Tho. Temse. 

Will. Temse. 

Tho. Ryngwode. 

Will. Watkins. 

Rob. Backeham. 

Walt. Backeham. 

Will. Dantesey. 

Rich. Caynell. 

Rich. Hardone. 

Joh. Tudworth. 

Joh. Coventre. 

Tho. Gore nuper de Lynshyll. 

Rob. Wayte. 

Will. Coventre. 

Joh. Ingeham. 

Joh. Martyn. 

Walt. Evererd. 

Will. Polelchirch. 

Joh. Justice. 

Walt. Stodeley. 

Will. Wychamton. 

Rob. Eyre. 

Joh. Voxanger. 

Sim. Eyre. 

Joh. Ford. 

Will. Russell. 

z 2 


Joh. Scot. Will. Moun. 

Tho. Vellard. Edm. Penston. 

Pet. Duke. Rich. Lye. 

Joh. Quinton. Joh. Bellingdon. 

Tho. Quinton. Joh. Pope. 

Joh. Bourne. Joh, Lye. 

Rich. Warneford. Joh. Spender. 

Joh. Stere. Walt. Clerk. 

Tho. Hasard. Joh. Quarly. 

Rob. Lyvenden. Will. Bacon. 

Will. Lyng. Joh. Everard. 

Joh. Davy. Nich. Spondell. 

Rob. Davy. Will. Walrond. 

Rob. Floure. Tho. Stake. 

Will. Leder. Rich. Cordra. 

Joh. Edward. Rich, be Bowys. 

Joh. Cutting. Will. Renger. 

Tho. Blanchard. Thorn. Bower de Devise. 
R. is here Robert Nevil then bishop of Salisbury. 

WALTER HUNGERFORD was the Lord Hungerford, trea 
surer of England. 

WILL. WESTBERY, Justiciarii. Surely this justice must be 
more than an ordinary one of the Peace and Quorum, because 
preposed to John Seimour, a signal esquire, late high-sheriff of 
the shire. Yet was he none of the two chief justices of West 
minster, as not mentioned in their catalogue. Probably he was 
one of the puisne judges in those courts ; but, because no cer 
tainty thereof, we leave him as we found him.* 

DAVID CERTNGTON. The self-same name with Sherington, 
for all the literal variation ; and they, I assure you, were men 
of great ancestry and estate in this county. Sir Henry She 
rington was the last heir male of this family dwelling at Lacock 
in this county, a right goodly knight, and great friend to bishop 
Jewell, who died in his house at Lacock. He dissuaded the 
bishop from preaching that Lord s day, by reason of his great 
weakness, "affirming it better for a private congregation to want a 
sermon one day, than for the church of England to lose such a 
light for ever."f But he could not prevail, the bishop being 
resolved to expire in his calling. This Sir Henry left two 
daughters, which had issue ; one married into the honourable 
family of Talbot ; the other unto Sir Anthony Mildmay ; who 
enriched their husbands with great estates. 

* In 1426, William Westbery, one of the judges of the court of King s Bench, 
had IQOl. a-year out of the Exchequer, for his more decent state, and two robes. 
See Chronica Juridicialia, p. 121. ED. 

f See the Life of Bishop Jewell, prefixed to his Apology. 






1 Will, qui fuit Vic. 

2 Com. Patricius. 

3 Idem. 

5 Idem. 

7 Rich. Clericus. 

8 Idem. 

9 Mil. de Dantesaia. 

10 Rich, de Wilton. 

11 Rich, de Wilteser. 

12 Rich, de Wilton, for fifteen 


27 Mich. Belet, Rob. Malde. 

28 Mich. Belet. 
Rober. Malde. 
Rog. films Reuf. 

29 Rob. Malduit. 

30 Idem. 
21 Idem. 

32 Rob. Malduit. 

33 Idem. 


1 Hug. Bardulfe. 

2 Will. Comes Saresb. 

3 Rob. de Tresgoze. 

4 Will. Comes Saresb. 

5 Will. Comes Saresb. et 
Tho. films Will, for four 

9 Steph. de Turnham, et 

Alex, de Ros. 
10 Idem. 


1 Steph. de Turnham, et 
Wand, films Corcelles. 

2 Comes Will, de Saresb. et 
Hen. de Bermere. 

3 Idem. 

4 Idem. 

5 Comes Will, de Saresb. et 
Johan. Bonet, for six 



11 Will. Briewere, et 
Rob. filius. 

12 Idem. 

13 Nich. Briewere de Veteri- 

ponte,etWill. deChanto. 

14 Idem. 

15 Idem. 

16 Will. Comes Saresb. et 
Hen. filius Alchi. 

17 Idem. 


2 Will. Comes Saresb. et 
Rob. de Crevequeor, for 
six years. 

8 Will. Comes Saresb. 
Adam de Alta Ripa. 

9 Idem. 

10 Idem. 

11 Sim. de Halei. 

12 Eliz. Comit. Saresb. et 
Joh. Dacus. 

13 Johan. de Monemue, et 
Walt, de Bumesey. 

14 Joh. de Monemue. 

15 Idem. 

16 Eliz. Com. Saresb. et 
Joh. Dacus, for four years. 

20 Eliz. Comit. Sarum, et 
Rob. de Hugen. 

21 Eliz. Comit. Sarum. 

22 Rob. de Hogesham. 

23 Idem. 

24 Idem. 

25 Nich. de Haversham, for 

six years. 

31 Nich. de Lusceshall. 

32 Idem. 

33 Idem. 

34 Will, de Tynehiden, for 

four years. 
38 Will, de Tenhide. 

Jo. de Tenhide, filius et 



39 Idem. 

40 Job. de Verund. 

41 Idem. 

42 Idem. 

43 Job. de Verund, et 
Galf. de Scudemor. 

44 Idem. 

45 Joh. de Verund. 

46 Rad. Cussell. 

47 Idem. 

48 Idem. 

49 Rad. de Aungers, 
Joh. de Aungers. 

50 Rad. de Aungers. 

51 Will, de Duy, et 

Steph. de Edwarth, for five 


56 Steph. de Edwarth, et 
Walt, de Strichesley. 


1 W T alt. de Strichesle. 

2 Idem. 

3 Idem. 

4 Hildebrandus de London, 

for six years. 

10 Joh. de Wotton, for eight 

18 Rich, de Combe. 

19 Idem. 

20 S* Omero, for five 


25 Walt, de Pevely. 

26 Idem. 

27 Idem. 

28 Joh. de Novo Burgo. 

29 Idem. 

30 Joh. de Hertinger. 

31 Idem. 

32 Idem. 

33 Hen. de Cobham. 

34 Joh. de Gerberge. 

35 Idem. 


1 Andreas de Grimsted. 

2 Alex. Cheverell, et 
Joh. de Sto Laudo. 

3 Idem. 

4 Will, de Hardene. 

5 Adam. Walrand. 

6 Adam. Walrand, et 
Johan. Kingston,. 

7 Idem. 

8 Johan. de Holt, et 

Phus. de la Beach. 

9 Phus. de la Beach. 

10 Idem. 

11 Risum. 

12 Idem. 

13 Idem. 

14 Joh. de Tichbourn, et 

Adam. Walrand. 

15 Idem. 

17 Adam. Walrand. 

18 Idem. 

19 Idem. 


1 Adam. Walrand. 

2 Phus. la Beach. 

3 Joh. Manduit. 

4 Idem. 

5 Idem. 

7 Job. Mauduit, et 
Will. Randolph. 

8 Johan. Tichbourn, et 
Johan. Manduit. 

9 Gilb. de Berewice, et 
Reg. de Pauley. 

10 Idem. 

1 1 Petr. Doygnel, et 
Gil. de Berewice. 

12 Johan. Manduit. 

13 Idem. 

14 Idem. 

15 Tho. de S to Mauro,et 
Rob. Lokes. 

16 Johan. Manduit. 

17 Idem. 

18 Idem. 

19 Johan. Roches. 

20 Idem. 

21 Joh. de Roches, et 
Tho. Senior. 



22 Rob. Russel. 35 Hen. Sturmy, for six years. 

23 Idem. 41 Walt, de Hay wood, for 

24 Idem. five years. 

25 (Nullus titulus in hoc 46 Will, de Worston. 

rotulo.) 47 Hen. Sturmy. 

26 Tho. de la River. 48 Job. Dauntesey, mil. 

27 Idem. 49 Job. de la Mere, mil. 

28 Idem. 50 Hugo Cheyne. 

29 Joh.Everard. 51 Idem. 

30 Tho. de Hungerford, for 

five years. 


35. HENRY STURMY. They were lords of Woolf-hall in this 
county ; and, from the time of king Henry the Second, were, 
by right of inheritance, the bailiffs and guardians of the forest of 
Savernake, lying hard by, which is of great note for plenty of 
good game, and for a kind of fern there that yieldeth a most 
pleasant savour ; in remembrance whereof, their hunter s 
horn, of a mighty bigness, and tipt with silver, is kept by the 
Seymours, dukes of Somerset, unto this day, as a monument of 
their descent from such noble ancestors. 



Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

1 Pet. de Cushaunce, mil. et 
Will, de Worston. 

2 Rad. de Norton. 

Vert, a lion rampant O. alibi Arg. 

3 Idem. 

4 Lau. de Sco. Martino, et 
Hugo Cheyne. 

5 Nich. Woodhull. 

6 Bern. Brokers, mil. 

7 Joh. Lancaster. 

8 Idem. 

9 Joh. Salesbury. 

10 Idem. 

11 Hug. Cheyne. 

12 Idem. 

13 Rich. Mawardin. 

14 Joh. Roches. 

15 Rob. Dyneley. 

16 Joh. Goweyn. 

17 Rich. Mawardin. 

18 Joh. Moigne. 

19 Tho. Bonham. 


Anno Name. Place. 

20 Rich. Mawardin. 

21 Idem. 

22 Idem. 


1 Joh. Dauntesey. . . . Dantesey. 

Az. a dragon and lion rampant combatant Arg. 

2 Will. Worston, et 
Joh. Gawavne. 

3 Will. Cheyne. 

4 Walt. Beauchamp. 


5 Walt. Beauchamp . . ut prius. 

6 Wai. Hungerford, mil. 

S. two bars Arg. ; two plates in chief. 

7 Rad. Grene. 

8 Walt. Beauchamp . . ut prius. 

9 Rob. Corbet. 

O. a raven proper. 

10 Will. Cheyne, mil. 

11 Joh. Berkley, mil. 

G. a chevron betwixt ten crosses formee Arg. 

12 Tho. Bonham. 


1 Elias de la Mare. 

G. two lions passant gardant Arg. 

2 Hen. Thorpe. 

3 Tho. Calsten. 

4 Rob.Andrewe. 

5 Will. Findern. 

6 Will. Sturmy, mil. . . Woolf-hall. 

Arg. three demi-lions G. 

7 Tho. Ringwood. 

8 Wil. Darell. 

Az. a lion rampant O. crowned Arg. 

9 Idem. 


1 Will. Darell .... ut prius. 

2 Rob. Shotesbrook, arm. 

3 Will. Findern. 

4 Walt. Pauncefort. 

G. three lions rampant Arg. 

5 Joh. Stourton, arm. . Stourton. 

S. a bend O. betwixt three fountains proper. 
G Will. Darel, arm. . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

7 Job. Paulett, arm. 

S. three swords in point Arg. 

8 Job. Bainton .... Brumham. 

S. a bend lozengy Arg. 

9 Davi. Sherrington. 

10 Job. Seymor .... Woolf-hall. 

G. two angels wings pale-ways, inverted O. 

11 Walt. Strickland. 

12 Job. Stourton, mil. . . ut prius. 

13 Steph. Popham, mil. 

Arg. on a chief G. two bucks heads caboshed O. 

14 Edw. Hungerford . , ut prius. 

15 Will. Beauchamp, mil. ut prius. 

16 Job. Stourton, mil. . . ut prius. 

17 Job. Lisle, mil. 

O. a fess betwixt two chevrons S. 

18 Jo. Saintlo, mil. 

19 Job. Norris. 

Quarterly Az. and G. a fret O. with fess Az. 

20 Rich. Restwold, 

Arg. three bends S. 

21 Will. Beauchamp . . ut prius. 

22 Job. Bainton . . . . ut prius. 

23 Job. Basket. 

Az. a chevron Erm. betwixt three leopards heads O. 

24 Rich. Restwold . . . ut prius. 

25 Will. Stafford. 

O. a chevron G. on a canton Erm. 

26 Will. Beauchamp, mil. . ut prius. 

27 Job. Norris .... ut prius. 

28 Phil. Barnard. 

29 Job. Seymor, mil. . . ut prius. 

30 Job. Nanson. 

31 Edw. Stradling . . . Dantesey. 

Paly of six Arg. and Az, ; on a bend G. three cinque- 
foils O. 

32 Job. Willoughby. 

33 Geo. Darell. 

34 Reg. Stourton, mil. 

35 Hen. Long, arm. 

S. a lion rampant betwixt eight crosses crossed Arg. 

36 Job. Seymor, arm. . . ut prius. 

37 Hug. Pilkenham. 

38 Job. Feiris, arm. 


1 Geor. Darell .... ut prius. 

2 Ren. Stourton, mil. . . ut prius. 

3 Idem. 


Anno Name. Place. 

4 Rog. Tocotes, mil. 

5 Geor. Darell, mil. . .. ut prius. 

6 Tho. de la Mare . : : . ut prius. 

7 Chri. Wolsley. 

8 Rich. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Geo. Darell, mil. . ut prius. 

10 Lau. Reynford, mil. 

1 1 Rog. Tocotes., mil. 

12 Maur. Berkley, mil. . ut prius. 

13 [AMP.] Joh. Willoughby, mil. 

14 Will. Collingborne. 

15 Hen. Long, arm. . . . ut prius. 

16 Walt. Bonham, arm. 

17 Edw. Hargill, arm. 

18 Joh. Mompesson. 

Arg. a lion rampant S. ; a martlet on his shoulder O. 

19 Walt. Hungerford . . ut prius. 

20 Caro. Bulkley. 

S. a chevron betwixt three bulls heads caboshed Arg. 

21 Will. Collingborn, arm. 

22 Joh. Mompesson, arm. ut prius. 


1" Hen. Long, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Edw. Hargill, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Joh. Musgrave . . . WESTMORELAND. 

Az. six annulets O. 
Rog. Tocotes, mil. 


1 Rog. Tocotes, mil. 

2 Joh. Wroughton . . ut infra. 

3 Joh. Turbervile. 

Erm. a lion rampant G. crowned O. 

4 Tho. Uniom. 

5 Edw. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Constan. Darell . . . ut prius. 

7 Jo. Lye de Flamston. 

8 Joh. York. 

Arg. on a salter Az. an escalop O. 

9 Edw. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Rich. Puddesey, arm. 

11 Constan. Darell . . . ut prius. 

12 Geo. Chaderton. 

13 Edw. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Geo. Seymor, mil. . ut prius. 

15 Joh. Hudlestoii, mil. . CUMBERLAND. 

G. frettee Arg. 

16 Tho. Long, arm. . . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

17 Job. York, arm. . , ut prius. 

18 Will. Caleway. 

19 Job. Danvers, mil. . . Dauntesey. 

G. a chevron inter three mullets G. 

20 Joh. Ernley, arm. . . Witham. 

Arg. on a bend S. three eaglets displayed G. 

21 Joh. Gawayne, arm. 

22 Tho. Long, mil. . . . ut prius, 

23 Joh. Seymor, mil. . . ut prius. 

24 Joh. Mompesson, arm. ut prius. 


1 Edw. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Will. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 

3 Hen. Long, arm. . . nt prius. 

4 Chr. Wroughton, mil. . ut prius. 

5 Job. Danvers, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Will. Bonham, arm. 

7 Joh. Scroope, mil. . . Castle-com. 

Az. a bend O. a mullet for difference. 

8 Nich. Wadharn, mil. 

9 Edw. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 

10 John Seymor, mil. . . ut prius. 

1 1 Edw. Darell, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Joh. Skilling, arm. 

13 Edw. Baynton, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Ernley, arm. . . ut prius. 

15 Tho. York, arm. . . . ut prius. 

16 Joh. Seymor, mil. . . ut prius. 

17 Hen. Long, mil. . . . ut prius. 

18 Joh. Boucher, mil. 

Arg. a cross engrailed G. betwixt four water-bougets S. 

19 Ant. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 

20 Joh. Ernley, arm. . . ut prius. 

21 Joh. Horsey, arm. . . DORSET. 

Az. three horses heads couped O. bridled Arg. 

22 Tho. York, arm. . . . ut prius. 

23 Tho. Bonham, arm. 

24 Joh. Ernley, arm. . . ut prius. 

25 Wai. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 

26 Rob. Baynard, arm. . Leckham. 

S. a fess betwixt two chevrons O. 

27 Tho. York, arm. . . . ut prius. 

28 Hen. Long, mil. . . . ut prius. 

29 Joh. Bruges, mil. 

Arg. on a cross S. a leopard s head O. 

30 Ant. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 

31 Jo. Ernely, arm. . . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

32 Edw. Mompesson, arm. ut prius. 

33 Hen. Long, mil. . . . ut prius. 

34 Joh. Marvin, arm. . . Funthill. 

Arg. a derm-lion rampant couped S. charged on the 
shoulder with a flower-de-luce. 

35 Joh. Erneley, arm. , . ut prius. 

36 Anth. Hungerfbrd . . ut prius. 

37 Caro. Bulkley, arm. . . ut prius. 

38 Rich. Scroope, arm. . ut prius. 


1 Silv. Danvers, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Amb. Dauntsey, arm. . Lavington. 

G. a lion rampant Arg. chasing a wyvern Vert ; alias Az. a 
dragon proper and a lion Arg. combatant. 

3 Joh. Bonham, arm. 

4 Joh. Mervyn, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Jac. Stumpe, mil. 

6 Will. Sherington, mil. . ut prius, 
Edw, Baynard, arm. . ut prius. 


M. 1 Joh. Erneley, arm. . ut prius. 

1, 2 Hen. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 

2, 3 Joh. St. John, arm. . Lediard. 

Arg. on a chief G. two mullets pierced O. 

3, 4 Ant. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 

4, 5 Wa. Hungerford, mil. ut prius. 

5, 6 Hen. Brunker, arm. . Melsam. 

Arg. six ogresses, 2, 2, 2 ; on a chief embattled S. a 
lozenge of the first, thereon a cross patee of the second. 


1 Joh. Zouch, mil. 

G. ten bezants, 4, 3, 2, and 1 ; on a canton O. a lozenge 
Vert thereon, a flower-de-luce Arg. 

2 Jac. Stumpe, mil. 

3 Joh. Mervine, mil. . . ut prius. 

4 Geo. Penruddock, arm. Cumpton. 

G. a limb of a tree raguled and trunked in bend Arg. 

5 Joh. Erneley, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Tho. Button, arm. . . Alcon. 

Erm. a fess G. 

7 Joh. Eyre, arm. . . . ut infra. 

8 Nich. Snell, arm. . . ut infra. 

9 Hen. Sherington, arm. 

[Reader, arriving somewhat too late at some of these Arms, 
I am fain to refer thee to what followeth. ] 



Anno Name. Place. 

10 Joh. Ludlowe, arm. . . ut infra. 

11 Tho. Thynne, mil. . . Longleate. 

Barry of ten pieces O. and S. 

12 Will. Button, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Edr. Baynton, arm. . . ut prius. 

14 Joh. St. John, arm. . . ut prius. 

15 Wol. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 
1 6 Joh. Danvers, mil. . . ut prius. 

17 Rob. Long, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Tho. Wroughton, mil. . ut infra. 

19 Joh. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 

20 Hen. Knivet, mil. 

Arg. a bend within a border engrailed S. 

21 Nich. St. John, arm. . ut prius. 

22 Mich. Erneley, arm. . ut prius. 

23 Will. Brounker, arm. . ut prius. 

24 Wai. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 

25 Jasper. Moore, arm. . ut infra. 

26 Joh. Snellj arm. . . . ut infra. 

27 Joh. Danvers, mil. . . ut prius * 

28 Edm. Ludlow, arm. . ut infra. 

29 Rich. Mody, arm. . . ut infra. 

30 Wai. Hungerford, mil. . ut prius. 

31 Hen. Willoughby, arm. ut prius. 

32 Joh. Warnford, arm. 

Parti per fess embattled Arg. and S. six crosses patee 

ut infra. 
ut prius. 
ut prius. 

33 Will. Eyre, arm. 

34 Joh. Hungerford, mil. 

35 Joh. Thynne, arm. 

36 Edw. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 

37 Hen. Saddler .... Everley. 

O. a lion rampant parti per fess Az. and G. 

38 Joh. Dauntsey, arm. . ut prius. 

39 Jac. Marvyn, mil. . . ut prius. 

40 Edw. Penruddock, arm. ut prius. 

41 Walt. Vaughan. 

(See the Notes on this year.) 

42 Tho. Snell, arm. 

Quarterly G. and Az. a cross fleury O. 

43 Hen. Baynton, mil. . . ut prius. 

44 Walt. Long, mil. . . ut prius. 

45 Jasper. Moore, mil. 
et 1 Jacob. 

Erm. on a chevron between three Moors heads proper, 
two swords Arg. 

1 Jasper. Moore, mil. . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

2 Alex. Tutt, mil. 

Quarterly Arg. and G. a crescent in the first quarter of 
the second. 

3 Joh. Hungerford, arm. ut prius. 

4 Gabriel. Pile, arm. 

S. a cross between four nails G. 

5 Tho. Thynn, mil. 

6 Rich. Goddard, arm. . Stondon Hu. 

G. a chevron Vairy betwixt three crescents Erm. 

7 Joh. Ayliffe, arm. 

8 Eg. Wroughton, mil. . Brodhenten. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three boars heads couped S. 
tusked O. 

9 Will. Button, mil. . . ut prius. 

10 Fran. Popham, mil. . . Litlecot. 

Arg. on a chief G. two buck heads O. 

11 Will. Pawlet, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Hen. Marvyn, arm. . . Pertwood. 

Argr a demi-lion rampant,, couped S. charged on the 
shoulders with a flower-de-luce O. 

13 Tho. More, arm. . . . ut prius. 

G. a lion passant Erm. wounded in the shoulder. 

14 Rich. Grubham, mil. 

15 Joh. Horten, mil. 

16 Hen. Moody, mil. . . Garesdon. 

G. a fess engrailed between three harpies Arg. crined O. 

17 Hen. Poole, mil. 

Az. semee de flowers-de-luce O. a lion rampant Arg. 

18 Caro. Pleadall, mil. . . Colshill. 

Arg. a bend G. guttee d eau betwixt two Cornish choughs 
proper, a chief countercomponee O. and S. 

19 Will. Pawlet, arm. . . tit prius. 

20 Joh. Lambe, mil. . . ut prius. 

21 Gifford Long, arm. . . ut prius. 

22 Edw. Read, arm. 

G. a saltire betwixt four garbs O. 


1 Fran. Seymour, mil. . ut prius. 

2 Egid. Estcourt, mil. . . Newton. 

Erm. on a chief indented G. three stars. 

3 Walt. Long, arm. . . ut prius. 

4 Joh. Ducket, arm. 

S. a saltire Arg. ; a mullet for difference. 

5 Rob. Baynard, mil. . . ut prius. 

6 Joh. Topp, arm. . . . Stocton. 

Arg. a canton G. a gauntlet of mail clenched proper. 

7 Edward Hungerford, 

mil. Balnei .... ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

8 Joh. St. John, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Hen. Ludlow., mil. . . Hildenrel. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three bears heads erased S. 

10 Fran. Goddard, arm. . ut prius, 

11 Geor. Ayliffe, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Nevil. Poole, mil. . . ut prius. 

13 Edw. Baynton, mil. . . ut prius. 

14 Joh. Grubb, arm. . . Pottern. 

15 Joh. Duke, arm. . . . Lakes. 

Per fess Arg. and Az. three chaplets counterchanged. 

16 Egid. Eyre, arm. 

Arg. on a chevron S. three quatrefoils O. 

17 Rob. Chivers, arm. 

Arg. a chevron engrailed G. 

Ingratum bello debemus inane. 

23 Ant. Ashly Cooper, bar. 

G. a bend engrailed betwixt six lions rampant. 


23. JOHN BASKET, Esq. High Sheriff of this county in the 
twenty-third of king Henry the Sixth. He is memorable on this 
account, that a solemn dispensation granted unto him from the 
court of Rome, acquainteth us with the form of those instru 
ments in that age, not unworthy our perusal. 

"Nicholas, miseratione divina, &c. Sanctse Crucis in Jeru 
salem Presbyter Cardinalis, dilectis in Christo nobilibus Jo- 
hanni Basket, Scutifero, et Alicise ejus uxori, Sarisburiensis 
Diocesis, salutem in Domino. Soletannuere Sedes Apostolica 
piis votis, et honestis petentium precibus, maxime ubi salus 
requiritur animarum favorem benevolem impartiri. Cum igiur 
ex parte vestra nobis fuerit humiliter supplicatum, ut in ani 
marum vestrarum solatium, eligendi Confessorem idoneum 
vobis licentiam concedere dignaremur: Nos vestris supplica- 
tionibus favorabiliter annuentes, authoritate Domini Papae, 
cujus * Primaries curam gerimus, et de ejus special! mandato, 
super hoc vivse vocis oraculo nobis facto, devotioni vestrse con- 
cedimus, quatenus liceat vobis idoneum et discretum presby- 
terum in Confessorem eligere, qui super peccatis quae sibi confi- 
tebimini (nisi talia sint propter qute sit dicta Sedes consulenda) 
authoritate prsedicta vobis provideat de absolutions debitee 
beneficio, et prenitentia salutari quamdiu vixeritis, quotiens 

* Thus it is written in the original, which we have Englished, and request the 
learned reader s better instruction F. 


fuerit opportunum. Vota vero peregrinationis et abstinently 
si quee emisistis, qua commode servare non potestis, ultra ma 
rina (beatorum Petri et Pauli, atque Jacobi, Apostolorum, votis 
duntaxat exceptis) commutet vobis idem Confessor in alia opera 

" Dat. Flprentiae, sub sigillo officii Primari, 3 Non. Aprilis, 
Pontificatus Domini Eugenii Papee IV. anno Decimo." 

(" Nicholas, by divine mercy, &c. Priest Cardinal of St. 
Cross in Jerusalem, to the beloved in Christ the worshipful 
John Basket, Esq. and Alice his wife, of the Diocese of Salis 
bury, greeting in the Lord. The See Apostolic useth to grant 
the pious desires and honest requests of petitioners, chiefly 
where the health of souls requireth courteous favour to be be 
stowed upon them. Seeing therefore on your behalf you have 
supplicated humbly unto us, that for the comfort of your souls 
we would vouchsafe to grant you licence to choose for yourselves 
a Confessor : We favourably yielding to your request, by the au 
thority of our Lord the Pope, the charge of whose Primary we 
bear, and from his special command in this case made unto us 
by the oracle of his mouth, do grant to your devotion, so far 
forth as it may be lawful for you, to choose a fit and discreet 
priest for your Confessor, who as touching the sins which ye shall 
confess unto him (except they be such for which the said See 
is to be consulted with) may by authority aforesaid provide 
for you concerning the benefit of due absolution, and wholesome 
penance, so long as ye live, so often as there shall be oc 
casion. But if ye have made any foreign vows of pilgrimage 
and fasting, which ye cannot conveniently keep (vows to blessed 
Peter, Paul, and James, Apostles, only excepted) the same Con 
fessor may commute them for you in other works of piety. 

Given at Florence, under the seal of the office of the Pri 
mary, 3 Non. of April, the 13th year of the Popedom of 
Pope Eugenius the Fourth/") 

The tenth of Pope Eugenius falleth on the twentieth of king 
Henry the Sixth, anno Domini 1440. Why it should be 
higher and harder to dispense with vows made to Saint James 
than to Saint John, (his brother, and Christ s beloved disciple) 
some courtier of Rome must render the reason. 

The posterity of this Master Basket, in the next generation, 
removed into Dorsetshire, where they continue at this day in a 
worshipful condition at Divenish. 


11. THOMAS THIN, Mil. The great and sudden wealth of this 
knight, being envied by a great earl and privy councillor nei- 
bouring on his estate, caused his summons before the counsel- 
table, to answer how in so short a time he had gotten so large 
possessions. Some suggested as if he had met with treasure- 


trove, or used some indirect means to enrich himself. The 
knight calmly gave in the unquestionable particulars of the bot 
tom he began on, the accruement by his marriage,, and with 
what was advanced by his industry and frugality, so bringing 
all up within the view (though not the touch) of his present 
estate. "For the rest, my lords," said he, "you have a good 
mistress our gracious queen ; and I had a good master the duke 
of Somerset." Which being freely spoken, and fairly taken, 
he was dismissed without further trouble. Nor were his means 
too big for his birth, if descended (as Camden saith) from the 
ancient family of the Bottevils. 

41. WALTER VAUGHAX, Arm. His arms (too large to be in 
serted in that short place) were, " Sable, a chevron betwixt three 
children s heads couped at the shoulders Argent, the peruques 
Or, enwrapped about their necks, with as many snakes pro 
per -," whereof this (they say) the occasion, because one of the 
ancestors of this family was born with a snake about his neck.* 
Such a necklace as nature, I believe, never saw. But grant it. 
How came the peruques about the infants heads ? So that 
fancy, surely, was the sole mother and midwife of this device. 
The lands of this Walter Vaughan (afterwards knighted) de 
scended to his son Sir George, a worthy gentleman, and after 
his issueless decease to a brother of his, who was born blind, bred 
in Oxford, brought up in orders, and prebendary of Sarum. 


1. FRANCIS SEYMOUR, Mil. This wise and religious knight 
(grandchild to Edward earl of Hartford, and brother to William 
duke of Somerset) was by king Charles the First created 
Baron of Trowbridge in this county ; since, for his loyalty, made 
privy councillor to king Charles the Second, and chancellor of 
the duchy of Lancaster. 


This was fought in the confines of this county and Somerset, 
the 13th of July 1643. It was disputed by parcels and piece 
meals, as the place and narrow passages would give leave ; and 
it seemed not so much one entire battle, as a heap of skirmishes 
huddled together. It may be said in some sort of both sides, 

" Victus uterque fuit, victor uterque fuit. 

For the Parliament forces five times (by the confession of the 
Royalists) beat them back with much disorder, Sir Bevil Green 
field being slain in the head of his pikes ; Major Lowre in the 

* Guillim s Display of Heraldry, p. 174. 
VOL. III. 2 A 


head of his party of horse. Yet the king s forces allege de 
monstration of conquest, that prince Maurice and Sir Ralph 
Hopton remained at the heads of their troops all night, and next 
morning found themselves possessed of the field and of the 
dead, as also of three hundred arms, and nine barrels of powder, 
the enemy had left behind them. 


Five days after, prince Maurice with the earl of Carnarvon 
returning, and the lord Wilmot coming from Oxford, with a 
gallant supply of select horse, charged the Parliament forces 
under the conduct of Sir William Waller. With him were the 
horse of Sir Arthur Haslerigg, so well armed that (if of proof as 
well within as without) each soldier seemed an impregnable for 
tification. But these were so smartly charged by the prince, 
that they fairly forsook the field, leaving their foot (which in 
English battles bear the heat of the day) to shift for themselves. 

In the mean time Sir Ralph Hopton, hurt lately (with the blow 
ing up of powder), lay sick and sore in the town of the Devizes. 
His men wanted match, whom "Sir Ralph directed " to beat and 
to boil their bed-cords/ (necessity is the best mother of inge 
nuity), which so ordered did them good service ; when, marching 
forth into the field, they effectually contributed to the total 
routing and ruining of the Parliament foot which remained. 


This county, consisting so much of sheep, must honour the 
memory of king Edgar, who first freed the land from all wolves 
therein. For the future, I wish their flock secured, 1. From 
two-legged wolves, very destructive unto them : 2. From Spanish 
ewes, whereof one being brought over into England, anno .... 
brought with it the first general contagion of sheep : 3. From 
hunger-rot, the effect of an over-dry summer. 

I desire also, that seeing these seem to be of the same breed 
with Laban s * and Jethro s sheep,t which had their solemn 
times and places of drinking (which in other shires I have not 
observed), that they may never have any want of wholesome 


Joseph ADDISON, statesman, essayist, and poet, " the great, the 

wise, and good;" born at Milston 1672; died 1719. 
Christopher ANSTEY, author of a humorous poem, enti- 

* Genesis xxix. 8, f Exodus iii. 1. 


tied "The New Bath Guide;" born at Harden Huish, 

1724; died 1805. 
John AUBREY, topographer and antiquary ; born at Easton 

Piers about 1626; died 1700. 
Dr. Thomas BENNET, divine, linguist, and controversialist, 

born at Salisbury 1673; died 1728. 
Sir Richard BLACKMORE, physician and voluminous poet; born 

at Corsham; died 1729, 
Mary CHANDLER, ingenious poetess ; born at Malmsbury 

1687; died in 1745. 
Samuel CHANDLER, brother of Mary, dissenting divine and 

controversialist; born at Malmsbury 1693; died 1766. 
Thomas CHUBB, deistical controversialist ; born at East Harn- 

ham near Salisbury 1679 ; died 1747- 

John COLLINSON, divine and historian of the county of Somer 
set; born at Bromham; died 1796. 
Mary DELANY, inventor of the " paper mosaic " for imitating 

flowers by means of tinted papers ; born at Coulston 1 700 ; 

died 1788. 
Humphrey DITTON, mathematician and theologian; born at Sa- 

lisbury 1675; died 1715. 
Charles DRYDEN, son to the poet, author of some Latin poems 

and translations; born at Charlton: died 1704. 
Stephen DUCK, originally an agricultural labourer, poet, and 

divine; born at Charlton near Marlborough ; died 1756. 
Bryan EDWARDS, merchant, and historian of the West Indies; 

born at Westbury 1743; died 1800. 
John EEDES, divine and author; born at Salisbury 1609; 

murdered in his house 1667- 

James EYRE, lord chief justice of Common Pleas; born 1734. 
Sir Michael FOSTER, justice of the King s Bench, and author; 

born at Marlborough 1689; died 1763. 
Sir Stephen Fox, statesman and loyalist, the first projector of 

Chelsea College; born at Farley 1627 5 died 1716. 
William GOFFE, author of "Londinium Triumphans ;" born at 

Earl Stoke; died 1682. 
Thomas GORE, antiquary, heraldic and political writer; born at 

Alderton in 1631, and died there 1684. 
James HARRIS, author of " Hermes, or a philosophical inquiry 

concerning Universal Grammar;" born at Salisbury 1709; 

died 1780. 

James HARRIS, earl of Malmsbury, son of the preceding, di 
plomatist; born at Salisbury 1746; died 1820. 
Dr. William HARRIS, dissenting divine, biographer, and histo 
rian ; born at Salisbury 1720; died 1770. 

Walter HARTE, divine, historian, and poet; born at Marlbo 
rough about 1697 ; died 1774. 
Richard HAYTER, theological writer ; born at Salisbury 1611 j 

died 1684. 

2 A 2 


Sir R. C. HOARE, baronet, antiquary, and historian of Wilt- 
^ shire; born at Stourhead 1758; died 1838. 
Thomas HOBBES, political and moral philosopher, writer on 

theology and metaphysics ; born at Westport in Malmsbury 

1588; died 1679. 
John HUGHES, moralist, and dramatic poet; born at Marlbo- 

rough 1677; died 1720. 
Edward HYDE, earl of Clarendon, lord chancellor of England, 

historian, born at Diriton 1608 ; died 1674. 
George KEATE, poet and miscellaneous writer ; born at Trow- 

bridge about 1730; died 1797. 

George LAVINGTON, bishop of Exeter, of great piety and learn- 
^ ing; born at Mildenhall 1683 ; died 1762. 
Edmund LUDLOW, colonel, independent republican, author of 

" Memoirs of his own Times ;" born at Maiden Bradley 1620 ; 

died 1693. 
Narcissus MARSH, archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, benefactor, 

author, and scholar ; born at Hannington 1638 ; died 1713. 
Rev. Dr. J. MARSHMAN, oriental scholar ; born at Westbury 

Leigh 1769; died at Serampore 1838. 
Dr. Nevil MASKELYNE, astronomer; born at Purton 1732; 

died 1811. 

Thomas MERRIOTT, divine and author ; born at Steeple Lang- 
ford ; died 1662. 

George MONTAGU, naturalist and author; born at Lackham ; 
died 1815. 

John NORRIS, platonist, mystical divine, and poet; born at 
Collingbourne Kingston 1657; died 1711. 

William PITT, the patriotic earl of Chatham ; born at Stratford 
^ House, Old Sarum, 1708 ; died 1778. 

Francis POTTER, divine, and excellent mechanic; born at Mere 
1594; died 1678. 

Henry SACHEVERELL, notorious political preacher; born at Marl- 
borough 1672; died 1724. 

Dr. John SCOTT, divine, author of " Christian Life," &c. ; born 
^ at Chippenham 1638; died 1694. 

Samuel SQUIRE, bishop of St. David s, Greek scholar ; born at 
Warminster 1714; died 1766. 

Nathaniel STEPHENS, learned divine; born at Stanton Bar 
nard; died 1677. 

Thomas TANNER, bishop of St. Asaph, learned antiquary, au 
thor of the "Notitia Monastica;" born at Market Lavington 
about 1673; died 1735. 

John TOBIN, dramatic author; born at Salisbury 1770 5 died 1804. 

Dr. Edward WELLS, theologian and scholar ; born at Corsham 
1663; died 1727. 

Thomas WILLIS, physician and author; born at Great Bedwin, 
about 1621 ; died 1675. 

Philip WITHERS, divine and miscellaneous writer; born at 
Westbury; died 1790. 


Sir Christopher WREX, architect of St. PauPs Cathedral Lon 
don, Greenwich Hospital, &c. born at East Knoyle 1632 ; 
died 1723. 

** The History of Wiltshire, a county so fertile in antiquities of every period, 
was early attempted by Mr. Aubrey, a native thereof, who died in 1700 ; but the 
accomplishment of this important object was reserved for that distinguished patron 
of topographical literature, Sir Richard Colt Hoare, of Stourhead. In 1812, he 
produced, in imperial folio, his splendid edition of the Ancient History of South 
Wiltshire ; and subsequently undertook the History of Modern Wilts, which was 
brought out in separate Hundreds. He commenced with the Hundred of Mere in 
1822; which was soon followed by the Hundred of Heytesbury (1824) ; of Branch 
and Dole (1825); of Everley, Ambresbury, and Underditch (1826) ; of Dunworth 
(1829); of Westbury and Warminster (1830), of Downton and Damerham ; of 
Chalke, &c. The principal topographical Works of a local nature are, Dr. Stuke- 
ley s Accounts of Abury and Stonehenge (with various publications on the same 
subject by different authors) ; the Rev. E. Ledwich s Antiquitates Sarisburienses 
(1777) ; The Beauties of Wiltshire (1801-25), Account of Corsham House (1806), 
History of Salisbury Cathedral (1814), and Illustrations of Fonthill Abbey (1828), 
by that indefatigable topographer and antiquary, Mr. J. Britton ; J. M. Moffat s 
History of Malmsbury (1805); Descriptions of Fonthill Abbey, by J. Storer 
(1812); by J. B.Nichols, and by J. Rutter (1828); the Rev. W. L. Bowles s 
Histories of Bremhill (1828), and of Lacock Abbey ; Waylen s History of Devizes 
(1839), &c. ED. 


WORCESTERSHIRE hath Staffordshire on the north, War 
wickshire on the east, Gloucestershire on the south, Hereford 
and Shrop-shires on the west. It is of a triangular but not 
equilateral form, in proportion stretching from north to south, 
twenty-two miles ; south to north-west, twenty-eight miles ; 
thence to her north-east point, twenty-eight miles; be this 
understood of the continued part of this shire, which otherwise 
hath snips and shreds cut off from the whole cloth, and sur 
rounded with the circumjacent countries, even some in Oxford 
shire distanced, by Gloucestershire interposed. 

What may be the cause hereof, it were presumption for me 
to guess, after the conjectures of so many learned men. Some 
conceive that such who had the command of this county (pro 
bably before the Conquest), and had parcels of their own land 
scattered in the vicinage, desired to unite them to this county, 
so to make their own authority the more entire.* Or else as a 
worthy writer will have it (rendering a reason why part of 
Devonshire straggleth into Cornwall) it was done that " there 
might rest some cause of intercourse betwixt this and the 
neighbouring counties " adding moreover, " that a late great 
man ensued and expressed the like consideration, in the divi 
sion of his lands betwixt two of his sons."t All I will say is 
this, that God, in the partage of Palestine (reader, if you forget 
I must remember my own profession) betwixt the twelve 
tribes, on the same account (as the learned conceive) made 
some tribes to have in-lots within another; "and Manasseh 
had, in Issachar and in Asher, Bethshean and her towns, and 
Ibleam and her towns, &c."J 

This county hath a child s portion (and that, I assure you, a 
large one) in all English, and especially in these 


In Latin Lampetra, a lambendo petras, (from licking the 
rocks,) are plentiful in this and the neighbouring counties in the 

Camden s Britannia, in Worcestershire. 

f Carew, in his Survey of Cornwall, fol. 98. J Josh xvii. 11. 


. river of Severn. A deformed fish, which for the many holes 
therein, one would conceive nature intended it rather for an 
instrument of music than for man s food. The best manner of 
dressing whereof, saith my author,* is " to kill it in malmsey, 
close the mouth thereof with a nutmeg, the holes with so many 
cloves ; and when it is rolled up round, putting in thereto 
filbert-nut-kernels stamped, crumbs of bread, oil, spices, &c." 
Others (but those miso -lampreys) do add, that, after all this cost, 
even cast them away, seeing money is better lost than health ; 
and the meat will rather be delicious than wholesome, the eat 
ing whereof cost king Henry the First his life.f But, by their 
favour, that king did not die of lampreys, but of excess in eat 
ing them ; and I am confident the Jews might surfeit of manna 
itself, if eating thereof above due proportion. 


This is a drink, or a counterfeit wine, made of pears, whereof 
plenty in this county ; though such which are least delicious for 
taste, are most proper for this purpose. Such the providence 
of nature, to design all things for man s service. Peter Martyr, 
when professor in Oxford, and sick of a fever, would drink no 
other liquor,J though it be generally believed both cold and 
windy, except corrected with spice, or some other addition. 


I have twice formerly insisted hereon ; and do confess this 
repetition to be flatly against my own rules, laid down for the 
regulating of this work, save that the necessity of this com 
modity will excuse it from any offence. I beheld England as a 
long well-furnished table, and account three principal salt-cellars 
set at a distance thereon. Worcestershire, I fancy the trencher 
salt, both because it is not so much in quantity (though very 
considerable), and because it is whiter, finer, and heavier, than 
any other. Cheshire, I conceive, deserveth to be reputed the 
grand salt-cellar, placed somewhat beneath the middle ; whilst 
the third is the salt of Newcastle, set far north, at the lower 
end of the table, for the use of those whe otherwise cannot con 
veniently reach to the former. The usefulness of this not-duly- 
valued blessing may be concluded from the Latin word salarium, 
so usual in ancient and modern authors, which importeth the 
entertainment or wages of soldiers, anciently paid chiefly (if not 
only) in victuals, and taketh its name, by a synedoche, from sal, 
or salt, as of all things most absolutely needful ; without which 
condiment nothing can be wholesome nutriment. 

I read in a modern author, describing his own county of 

* Camden s Britannia, in Worcestershire. f Stow s Chronicle, p. 142. 

| Dr. Humphred, in the large Latin life of Bishop Jewel, p. 31. 
In Cheshire and Northumberland. 


Cheshire, and measuring all things to the advantage thereof, that 
" There is no shire in England, or in any other country 
beyond the seas, where they have more than one salt-well 
therein ; neither at Droitwich in Worcestershire is there more 
than one ; whereas in Cheshire there be four, all within ten 
miles together."* 

Here let me enter this caveat in preservation of the right 
of Worcestershire, that many salt-fountains are found therein, 
but stopped up again for the preservation of woods ;f s that 
the making of salt at one place alone proceeds not from any 
natural, but a politic restriction. Nor must I forget, how our 
German ancestors (as Tacitus reports) conceited such places 
where salt was found to be nearest to the heavens, and to ingra 
tiate men s prayers to the Gods ; I will not say, founding their 
superstition on the misapprehension of the Jewish, worship, 
" Ever sacrifice shall be salted with 


I am sorry I have never seen the cathedral of Worcester, so 
that I cannot knowingly give it a due commendation ; and more 
sorry to hear that our late civil wars have made so sad an im 
pression thereon. 

The market-towns are generally handsomely built ; and no 
shire in England can shew a brace of them so neat and near 
together as Bewdley and Kidderminster in this county, being 
scarcely two miles asunder. 


Saint RICHARD, born at Wich [alias Droitwich], from which 
he took his name, was bred in Oxford, afterwards at Paris, and 
lastly at Bononia in Italy, where for seven years together he 
heard and read the canon law. Having thus first plentifully 
laid in, he then began to lay out, in his lectures in that uni 
versity ; and, returning home, became chancellor of Oxford, 
then of Canterbury, till at last chosen bishop of Chichester. He 
was a great Becketist, viz. a stout opposer of regal power over 
spiritual persons ; on which and other accounts, he wrote a 
book to Pope Innocent the Fourth, against king Henry the 
Third. These his qualities, with the reputation of his holy life, 
so commended his memory to the notice of Pope Urban the 
Fourth, that seven years after his death, viz. anno 1260, he 
canonized him for a saint. It seems men then arrived sooner 
at the maturity of [Popish] saintship than now-a-days, more 
distance being now required betwixt their death and canoniza 
tion. As for their report, that the iviches or salt-pits in this 
county were miraculously procured by his prayers, their unsa- 

* William ^mith, in the Vale Royal, p. 18. 

f Camden s Britannia, in Worcestershire. J Levit. ii. 13. 


voury lie hath not a grain of probability to season it ; it appear 
ing by ancient authors,* that salt water flowed there time out 
of rnind, before any sweet milk was given by mother or nurse 
to this saint Richard. 

This county affording no MARTYRS (such the moderation of 
bishop Patest) let us proceed to 


JOHN COMIN, or CUMIN. It must cost us somepains (but the 
merit of the man will quit cost) to clear him to be of Eno-lish 
extraction. For the proof whereof, we produce the testimony 
of Giraldus Cambrensis, his contemporary and acquaintance 
who saith, he was "vir Anglicus natione/^ Hereby the im 
pudent falsehood of John Demster the Scottish historian doth 
plainly appear, thus expressing himself: 

Johannes Cuminus, ex nobilissimo comitum Buchanize 
stemmate prtus, Banfias natus, falsissime inter Anglos reponi- 
tur ; cum ipse viderim qusedam ipsius nuper Parisiis scripta, 
quibus suorum popularium causam pontifici Lucio commenda- 
vit, in bibhotheca Pauli Petavii, Senatoris Parisiensis." 

(" John Cumin, descended from the most noble stock of the 
earls of Buchan, born at Banfe, is most falsely set down 
amongst the English ; seeing I myself lately saw some of his 
writings at Paris, in the library of Paulus Petavius, senator of 
Pans, in which he recommended the cause of his countrymen 
to Pope Lucius.") 

In plain English, this Scottish Demster is a perfect rook de 
pluming England, Ireland, and Wales, of famous writers, 
merely to feather his own country therewith ; so that should 
he, according to the Jewish law, be forced to make fourfold 
restitution for his felony, he would be left poor enough indeed. 

Besides, Alexander Comin was created first earl of Buchan 

?L ,f A1 ? Xander the Second > wh <> began to reign anno Domini 
1214 ; whereas Comin (by the testimony of Demster himself) 
died 1212; and therefore could not properly descend of their 
stock, who were not then in being. 

I cannot certainly avouch him a Worcestershire man but 
know that he was bred a monk at Evesham therein, |l whence he 
was^ chosen (the king procuring it) " a clero Dublinensi con- 
sone satis et concorditer," archbishop of Dublin. He endowed 
Inmty church in Dublin with two-and-twenty prebends and 
was made by Pope Lucius cardinal of St. Vellit in Italy. 

t Camden in Worcestershire, plainly proves it out of Gervase in Tilbury _F 
1559 -En WaS Bish P f Worcester in 1555 : but was deprived in 

t Lib. ii. Expugn. Hibern. cap. 23. 
) Camden s Britannia, in Scotia, p. 48. 
Ii Giraldus Cambrensis, lib. ii. Expugn, Hibern. cap. 23. 


HUGH of EVESHAM, so called from the place of his nativity 
in this county, applied himself to the study of physic with so 
good success that he is called the phoenix* in that faculty. Great 
also was his skill in the mathematics, and especially in astrology. 
Some questions arising at Rome about physic (which conse 
quently were of church government), Pope Martin the Fourth 
sent for our Hugh, to consult with him : who gave such satis 
faction to his demands, that, in requital, he created him cardi 
nal of St. Laurence, 1280. But so great the envy of his 
adversaries at his preferment, that, seven years after, he was 
put to death by poison ;t and let none say, he might have fore 
seen his fate in the stars, seeing hell, and not the heavens, 
brooded that design. Neither say, " Physician, cure thyself," 
seeing English antidotes are too weak for Italian poisons. But 
Cicaonius, to palliate the business, saith he died of the plague ; 
and thus I believe him, of the plague of hatred in the hearts of 
such who contrived his death ; which happened anno Domini 


WULSTAN of BRAUNDSFORD was born at Braundsford in 
this county, and afterwards became prior (equivalent to dean 
in other foundations) of Worcester. He deserved well of his 
convent, building a most beautiful hall therein. Hence was he 
preferred bishop of Worcester, 1338, the first and last prelate 
who was born in that county ; and died in that see. He was 
verm pontifex, in the grammatical notation thereof, building a 
fair bridge at Braundsford (within three miles of Worcester) 
over the river Teme, on the same token that it is misprinted 
Tweed in bishop Godwin,^ which made me in vain look for 
Braundsford in Northumberland. He died August 28, 1349. 

JOHN LOWE was born in this county ; bred an Augustinian. 
friar at Wich therein ; afterwards he went to the universities, 
and then settled himself in London. Hence he was preferred 
by king Henry the Sixth to St. Asaph, and thence was re 
moved (desiring his own quietness) from one of the best bishop 
rics in Wales, to Rochester, the meanest in England. He 
was a great book-monger ; and on that score, Bale (no friend 
to friars) giveth him a large testimonial, that bishop Godwin || 
borroweth from him (the first and last in that kind) the whole 
character of his commendation, and this amongst the rest, 
" Opuscula quaedam scripsit purgatis auribus digna." 

He deserved well of posterity, in preserving many excellent 
manuscripts, and bestowing them on the magnificent library 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. num. 50. 

I Idem, ibidem. 

1 His Catalogue of the Bishops of Worcester, set forth KM 6. 

Godwin, in the Bishops of Rochester. 11 Ut prius. 


which he furnished at Saint Augustine s in London. But, alas ! 
that library, at the dissolution, vanished away,* with the fine 
spire-steeple of the same church (oh, the wide swallow of sacri 
lege !) ; one person, who shall be nameless, embezzling both 
books and buildings to his private profit. He died anno Do 
mini 1467 ; and lieth buried in his own cathedral (over against 
bishop Merton) under a marble monument. 

EDMOND BONNER, alias SAVAGE. He had to 

his father John Savage, a priest, richly beneficed and landed in 
Cheshire, son to Sir John Savage, knight of the Garter, and 
privy councillor to king Henry the Seventh. His mother (con 
cubine to this priest (a dainty dame in her youth, and a jolly 
woman in her age), was sent out of Cheshire, to cover her 
shame, and lay down her burthen at Elmeley in this county, 
where this bouncing babe Bonner was born.f The history of 
his life may be methodized according to the five princes under 
whom he lived. 

He was born under king Henry the Seventh, and bred a 
bachelor in the laws in Broad-gates-hall in Oxford. 

Under king Henry the Eighth, he was made doctor of laws, 
archdeacon of Leicester, master of the faculties under arch 
bishop Cranmer, and employed in several embassies beyond 
seas. All this time Bonner was not Bonner, being as yet meek, 
merciful, and agreat Cromwellite, as appeared by some tart printed 
repartees betwixt him and bishop Gardiner. Indeed he had 
sesqui corpus, a body and half (but I hope that corpulency 
without cruelty is no sin) ; and towards his old age he was 
overgrown with fat, as Master Fox (who is charged to have 
persecuted persecutors with ugly pictures), doth represent him. 
Not long after, he was consecrated bishop of London. 

Under king Edwarth the sixth, being deputed to preach pub 
licly concerning the reformation, his faint and frigid expressions 
thereof manifested his mind rather to betray than defend it, 
which cost him a deprivation and imprisonment. Then it was 
when one jeeringly saluted him, " Good morrow, Bishop quon 
dam !" To whom Bonner as tartly returned, " Good morrow, 
Knave semper ! 

Being restored under queen Mary to his bishopric, he caused 
the death of twice as many Martyrs as all the bishops in Eng 
land besides, justly occasioning the verses made upon him : 

Si fas ctedendo ccelestia scandere cuiquam, 
Honnero coeli maxima porla patet. 

Nemo ad Bonnerium. 

Omnes Episcopum esse te dicunt malum, 

Ego tamen, Bonnere, te dico bonum. 

* Stow s Survey of London, in Broad-street Ward. 

f Manuscript Collections of the industrious antiquary Mr. Dodswoith, extant in 
the library of the Lord Fairfax F. 


" If one by shedding blood for bliss may hope, 
Heaven s widest gate for Bonner doth stand ope. 

Nobody speaking to Bonner. 
All call thee cruel, and the spunge of blood ; 
But, Bonner, I say, thou art mild and good." 

Under queen Elizabeth he was deprived and secured in his 
castle ; I mean, the Marshalsea in South wark ; for, as that pri 
son kept him from doing hurt to others, it kept others from do 
ing hurt to him ; being so universally odious he had been stoned 
in the streets if at liberty. One great good he did, though not 
intentionally, accidentally, to the Protestant bishops of Eng 
land : for, lying in the Marshalsea, and refusing to take the oath 
of supremacy tendered to him by Horn, then bishop of Win 
chester, he pleaded for himself, that Horn was no lawful bishop, 
which occasioned the ensuing parliament to confirm him and 
the rest of his order to all purposes and intents. 

After ten years* soft durance in all plenty (his face would be 
deposed for his whole body that he was not famished), enjoying 
a great temporal estate left him by his father, he died 1569 ; 
and was buried, saith Bishop Godwin, in Barking church-yard, 
amongst the thieves and murderers,* being surely a mistake in 
the printer ; Allhallows Barking being on the other side of the 
Thames, nothing relating to the Marshalsea. And I have been 
credibly informed, that he was buried in the church-yard of St. 
George s in Southwark. But, so long as Bonner is dead, let 
him choose his own grave where he will be buried. But enough 
if not too much, of this Herostratus, who burnt so many living 
temples of the Holy Ghost, and who, had he not been remem 
bered by other writers, had found no place in my history. 


JOHN WATSON was born at Bengeworth in this county, 
where some of his name and relations remain at this day ; bred 
(I believe) in Oxford, and afterwards became prebendary, then 
dean of Winchester.f Hence he was advanced bishop of that 
see ; and the ensuing passage (which I expect will meet with 
many infidels, though to me credibly attested) will acquaint us 
with the occasion thereof, and suspecting the bishopric of Win 
chester when vacant would be offered unto him. 

Dean Watson, aged sixty years, and desirous to lead a private 
life ; in the sickness of Bishop Horn, privately promised the 
earl of Leicester (in that age the Dominus fac multum, if not to- 
tum, in the disposal of church dignities) two hundred pounds, 
that he might not be made bishop of Winchester, but remain in 
his present condition. 

The bishopric falling void, and the queen expressing her in 
tention to confer it on Watson, the foresaid earl requested the 

* Bishop Godwin s Catalogue of the Bishops of London. 

f So was I informed by Mr. Venners, the minister of St. Mary s in Warwick, 
whose father was nephew and steward to this Bishop. F. 


contrary ; acquainting the queen with the passage betwixt them, 
" how otherwise it would be two hundred pounds out of his way." 

"Nay then," said the queen, " Watson shall have it, he being 
more worthy thereof who will give two hundred to decline, than 
he who will give two thousand pounds to attain it." 

I confess, such who have read so much of the corruption of 
the earl of Leicester, and heard so little of the integrity of Wat 
son, will hardly credit this story ; which I am ready to believe, 
and the rather, because of this his epitaph, written on his mar 
ble monument in the church of Saint Mary Overies : 

" D. Johannes Watson, Ecclesiae Winton, Prebendarius, Decanus, ac deinde 
Episcopus, prudentissimus pater, vir optimus, prsecipue erga inopes raise- 
ricors, obiit in Domino Januarii 23, anno setatis 63, Episcopates quarto, 

Nothing else have I to observe, save that there were three 
Watsons, bishops in the reign of queen Elizabeth : Thomas of 
Lincoln, our John of Winchester, and Anthony of Chichester, 
though I believe little allied together. 


Sir THOMAS COVENTRY, Knight, was born at Croone in this 
county, eldest son to Sir Thomas Coventry, knight, one of the 
justices of the Common Pleas. He was bred in the Inner 
Temple a student in the laws; and in the year 1618 was trea 
surer of the said Temple, and attorney-general to king James. 
He was afterwards made lord keeper of the great seal of Eng 
land, the first day of November, in the first year of king 

He was by the same king created, in the fourth of his reign, 
April 10, Baron Coventry of Aylesborough in this county. 

An ingenious gentleman in his history* giveth him this cha 
racter, in relation to his keepership, " that he enjoyed that 
dignity fifteen years, if it was not more proper to say, that dig 
nity enjoyed him : this latter age affording none better qualified 
for the place." Adding, " that he knew enough, and acted con 
formable to his knowledge ; so that captious malice stands mute 
to blemish his fame." To which we will only add some few 
operative words taken out of his patent when he was created 
baron : 

" Nos igitur in persona preedilecti et perquam fidelis consili- 
arii nostri Thomee Coventry, Militis, custodis magni sigilli nos- 
tri Angliae, gratissima et dignissima servitia, quse idem consilia- 
rius noster tam prsGcharissimo Patri nostro Jacobo Regi beatae 
memorise per multos annos, quam nobis ab ipsis Regni nostri 
primis auspiciis fidelissime et prudentissime preestitit et impen- 
dit, indiesque impendere non desistit ; necnon circumspec- 
tionem, prudentiam, strenuitatem, dexteritatem, integritatem, 
industriam, erga nos et nostram coronam, animo benigno et re- 

* H. L. Esq. p. 171- 


gali intime recolentes constantiam et fidelitatem ipsius Thomse 
Coventry, Militis, &c. In cujus rei, &c. T. R. apud Westm. 
decimo die Aprilis, anno regni Regis Caroli."* 

He died about the beginning of January 1639, before our 
civil distempers began, so that it is hard to say whether his ho 
nourable life or seasonable death was the greater favour which 
God bestowed upon him. 

I must not forget, that it hath been observed, that never 
lord keeper made fewer orders which afterwards were reversed, 
than this Lord Coventry, which some ascribe to his discretion, 
grounding most of his orders on the consent and compromise of 
the parties themselves interested therein, whose hands, so tied 
up by their own act, were the more willing to be quiet for the 


Sir THOMAS LITTLETON, Knight. Reader, the nimiety of my 
cautiousness (loath to prejudice the seeming right of any) made 
me to bestow part of his character on Staffordshire, who since 
am convinced that he wholly and solely belongeth to this shire, 
as born at Frankley therein ; and I request the reader to rectify 
some mistakes I formerly wrote * by that which followeth. He 
was a man remarkable in many respects. 

First, for his extraction. He was son to Thomas Wescot, 
Esquire, and Elizabeth Littleton his wife, who, being a double 
inheritrix, by her father to the Litletons, mother to the Q,ua- 
tremains, indented with her husband that her heritable issue 
should assume her surname. Say not her husband might say, 
Accepi dotem, cognomen perdidi ;" seeing it was done before 
his marriage by his free consent. Besides, we find even in 
Scripture itself, Joab being constantly named the son of his 
mother Zeruiah.J 

Secondly, for his happiness : that two great kings had a great 
sympathy to him, who had an antipathy each to other ; Henry 
the Sixth, whose serjeant he was, and rod judge of the northern 
circuit ; and Edward the Fourth, who made him a judge, and in 
his reign he rode the Northamptonshire circuit. 

Thirdly, for his exquisite skill in the laws ; witness his book 
of "Tenures," \vhich, though writ about two hundred years 
since, yet at this day retaineth an authentical reputation. 
Insomuch that when in the reign of king James, it came in 
question upon a demurrer in law, " Whether the release to one 
trespasser should be available or no to his companion ?" Sir 
Henry Hubbard, and judges Warburton, Winch, and Nicolls, 
his companions, gave judgment according to the opinion of 
our Littleton ; and openly said, that "They would not have HIS 
CASE disputed or questioned." 

* In Staffordshire. f 2 Sam. ii. 13. 


Lastly, for his happy posterity ; having left three families 
signally fixed and flourishing, in this and the neighbouring coun 
ties of Stafford and Salop. And one saith very truly, that these 
quarter the arms of many matches after the best manner of 
quartering them (other are scarce half-half-quartering them*); viz. 
they possess at this day good land on the same account. 

Indeed the lord Coke observeth, that our lawyers seldom die 
either without wills or heirs. For the first, I believe it ; for our 
common lawyers will not have their estates come under the ar 
bitrary disposal of a civilian judge of the Prerogative, and there 
fore wisely prevent it. For the second, the observation as quali 
fied with seldom may pass ; otherwise our grandfathers can re 
member Sir James Dyer, lord chief justice, and Periam, lord 
chief baron, both dying without issue. His book of " Tenures " 
hath since been commented on by Sir Edward Coke s most 
judicious pen. 

" Die mihi, num textus vel commentatio prestat ? 
Dicam ego, tarn textus, quam commentatio prestat. " 

He died in the 21st year of king Edward the Fourth ; and 
lieth buried in the cathed ral of Worcester, having formerly con 
stituted doctor Alcock (his faithful friend, and then bishop of 
Worcester) supervisor of his will, who saw it performed to all 
critical particulars. 


RICHARD BEAUCHAMP, earl of Warwick, was born at the 
manor house of Salwape in this county, January the 28th, 1831 .f 
King Richard the Second, and Richard Scroope then bishop of 
Coventry (afterwards archbishop of York) were his godfathers. 

A person so redoubted for martial achievements, that the 
poetical fictions of Hercules labours found in him a real per 

1. Being hardly twenty-two years old, in the fifth of king 
Henry the Fourth, at the queen s coronation, he justed, and 
challenged all comers. 

2. He bid battle to Owen Glendour the Welch rebel ; put 
him to flight, and took his banner with his own hands. 

3. He fought a pitched field against the two Percies at 
Shrewsbury, and overcame them. 

4. In his passage to the Holy Land (whither he went on pil 
grimage) he was challenged at Verona, by an Italian, Sir Pan- 
dulph Malacet, to fight with him at three weapons ; viz. with 
axes, arming swords, and sharp daggers ; whom he had slain 
at the second weapon, had not some seasonably interceded. 

5. Fighting at justs in France with Sir Collard Fines, at 
every stroke he bare him backward to his horse ; and when the 

* Lord Coke, in his Preface to Littleton s Tenures. f Idem, ibidem. 

J Mr. William Dugdale, in his Survey of Warwickshire, in the Earls of War 
wick. F. 


French suspected that he was tied to his saddle, to confute their 
jealousies, our earl lighted, and presently remounted. 

6. He was eminently active in the king s victorious battles in 
France, and might truly say, " Quorum pars magna fui." 

7. He was one of those whom king Henry the Fifth sent to 
the council of Constance, whose whole retinue amounted unto 
eight hundred horse. 

8. Here he killed a Dutch duke who challenged him, Sigis- 
mond the emperor and his empress beholding it. 

9. The empress, affected with his valour, took the badge from 
one of the earl s men (being a plain bear of silver), and wore it 
on her shoulder. But the next day our earl presented her with 
a bear (which was his crest) made of pearls and precious stones. 

10. Being sent by king Henry the Fifth, with a thousand 
men in arms, to fetch queen Catherine, sole daughter to the 
king of France, he fought with the earls of Vendosm and 
Linosin, killed one of them with his own hand, routed the 
forces of five thousand men, and brought the lady whom he saw 
safely married to the king. 

11. He was, by the said king s will, appointed governor to 
his son in his minority, and made lieutenant of all France. 

12. During his life our success in France was progressive, and 
retrograde after his death. 

It must not be forgotten, how Sigismond the emperor, com 
ing into England, told king Henry the Fifth, that no Christian 
king had such another knight, for wisdom, nature, and man 
hood. He obtained leave of the king (because in his dominions) 
that he might by imperial authority fix a title of honour upon 
him ; and caused him to be named the Father of Courtesy, as 
indeed true courage and courtesy are individual companions. 

The last time he went over into Normandy, he was tossed 
with a hideous tempest ; so that, despairing of life, he caused 
himself to be bound (for who could bind him against his will ?) 
with his lady and infant son, to the main mast, on this design, 
that, having his armour and coat of arms upon him, he might 
thereby be known, that such who should light on his corpse, if 
either noble or charitable, might afford him a Christian burial. 

Yet he, escaping the tempest, and landing safely in France, 
died in his bed, (no usual repose for so restless and active a 
spirit) at Rouen, of a lingering disease, April 30, 1439 ; and lieth 
buried in a most stately tomb, in a chapel of the collegiate 
church of Warwick, where his epitaph graven in brass is 
pointed with bears, serving for commas, colons, periods, and all 
distinctions thereof. His deeds of charity f (according to the 
devotion of those days) were little inferior to the achievements of 
his valour. 

* Mr. William Dugdale, in his Survey of Warwick, in the Earls of Warwick, 
where the preceding particulars are proved out of authentic records. F. 



Sir EDWARD KELLEY [alias TALBOT] was born at Worcester 
(as I have it from the scheme of his nativity, graved from the 
original calculation of doctor Dee) anno Domini 1555, August 
the first, at four o clock in the afternoon, the Pole being there 
elevated, gr. 52. 10. Thus, reader, I hope that my exactness 
herein will make some reparation for my uncertainties and 
looser intelligence in the births of other persons. 

He was well studied in the mysteries of nature, being inti 
mate with doctor Dee, who was beneath him in chemistry, but 
above him in mathematics. These two are said to have found 
a very large quantity of elixir in the ruins of Qlastonbury abbey. 
Indeed I have read, how William Bird, the prior of the Bath, 
left and lost the elixir in the walls of his priory ; and it may 
seem strange, that what was lost at Bath was found at Glaston- 
bury, in the same county indeed, but sixteen miles asunder. 
But, so long as Kelley had this treasure, none need trouble 
themselves how or where he came by it. 

Afterwards (being here in some trouble) he went over beyond 
the seas, with Albertus Alasco, a Polonian baron, who gave for 
his arms the hull of a ship, having only a mainmast and a top, 
without any tackling, and gave for his motto " Deus dabit vela/ 3 
(God will send sails.)* But, it seems, this lord had formerly 
carried too high a sail, of whom a good author reporteth, that, 
<c JEre alieno oppressus, clam recessit ;"t an( 3 now, it seems, 
sought to repair his fortunes, by associating himself with these 
two arch- chemists of England. 

How long they continued together is to me unknown. Sir 
Edward (though I know not how he came by his knighthood), 
with the doctor, fixed at Trebona in Bohemia, where he is said 
to have transmuted a brass warming-pan (without touching or 
melting, only warming it by the fire, and putting the elixir thereon) 
into pure silver, a piece whereof was sent to queen Elizabeth, f 
He had great converse with Rodolphus, the second emperor. 

I have seen a voluminous manuscript in Sir Thomas Cot 
ton s library, of the particulars of their mysterious pro 
ceedings ; where, amongst many strange passages, I find this 
ensuing monstrosity. They kept constant intelligence with 
a messenger, or spirit, giving them advice how to proceed in 
their mystical discoveries ; and enjoining them, that, by way of 
preparatory qualification for the same, they should enjoy their 
wives in common. Though boggling hereat at first, they 
resolved to submit thereunto, because the law-giver might dis 
pense with his laws, in matters of so high a nature. Hereby 
may the reader guess the rest of their proceedings. 

This probably might be the cause why doctor Dee left Kelley, 

* Guillim s Display of Heraldry, p. 216. 

f Camden s Elizabeth, anno 1583. J Theatrum Chemicum, p. 481. 

VOL. III. 2 B 


and returned into England. Kelley, continuing still in Ger 
many, ranted it in his expences (say the brethren of his own 
art) above the sobriety befitting so mysterious a philosopher. 
He gave away, in gold- wire rings, at the marriage of one of his 
maid-servants, to the value of four thousand pounds. As for 
the high conceit he had of his own skill in chemistry, it appear- 
eth sufficiently in the beginning of his own works, though I 
confess myself not to understand the Gibberish of his language : 

" All you that fain philosophers would be 

And night and day in Geber s kitchen broil, 
Wasting the chips of ancient Hermes tree ; 

Weening to turn them to a precious oil ; 

The more you work, the more you lose and spoil : 
To you I say, how learn d so e er you be, 
Go burn your books, and come and learn of me." 

Come we now to his sad catastrophe. Indeed the curious 
had observed, that, in the scheme of his nativity, not only the 
dragonVtail was ready to promote abusive aspersions against 
him (to which living and dead he hath been subject) ; but also 
something malignant appears posited in Aquarius, which hath 
influence on the legs, which accordingly came to pass. For, 
being twice imprisoned (for what misdemeanor I know not) by 
Rodulphus the emperor, he endeavoured his escape out of a 
high window, and tying his sheets together to let him down, fell 
(being a weighty man), and brake his leg, whereof he died 1595. 

I believe him neither so bad as some,* nor so good as others, 
do character him. All know, how separation is of great use 
amongst men of his profession ; and indeed, if his pride and 
prodigality were severed from him, he would remain a person, 
on other accounts, for his industry and experience in practical 
philosophy, worthy recommendation to posterity. 


FLORENCE of WORCESTER was probably born near, cer 
tainly bred in that city, one eminent in learning as any of his 
age, and no less industrious. Many books are extant of his 
making, and one most useful, beginning at the Creation, and 
continued till his death. This he calleth " Chronicum Chroni- 
corum," which some esteem an arrogant title, and an inso 
lent defiance of all authors before and after him, as if (as 
the rose is flos florum, so) his were the superlative 
chronicle of all that are extant. But others meet with much 
modesty in the title " Chronicum Chronicorum," as none 
of his own making, but only gathered both for matter and 
language out of others, he being rather the collector than 
the original composer thereof. He died anno Domini 1119. 

JOHN WALLIS, or WELSH, is confessed natione Anglustf 

* Weever s Funeral Monuments, p. 4. 
. \ Pks, de Illustribus Angliae Scriptoribus, p. 342. 


which I observe, to secure his nativity against Welsh claims 
thereunto, only grounded on his surname. Yet I confess he 
might be mediately of Welch extraction, but born in this county 
(where the family of the Walshes are extant at this day in a 
worshipful equipage), where he became a Franciscan in Worces 
ter. Leaving Oxford, he lived in Paris, where he was com 
monly called, "Arbor Vitse," (the Tree of Life) lf non absque 
insigni Servatoris blasphemi," (with no small blasphemy to our 
Saviour) saith our author.* But, to qualify the matter, we 
take the expression in the same sense wherein Solomon calls 
(e a wholesome tongue a tree of life."t 

Yet might he be better termed " the tree of knowledge of 
good and evil," whose books (amounting to no fewer than 
twenty volumes) are not so practical for their use, as curi 
ous in their speculations. In the ancient libraries of Baliol 
and Oriel College, most of his manuscripts are reported 
extant at this day. He died, and was buried at Paris, anno Do 
mini 1216. 

ELIAS de EVESHAM was born in this county, of good paren 
tage, from whom (as it seemeth by J. Bale) he had expectancy of 
a fair estate. This did not hinder him from being a Benedictine 
in the abbey of Evesham, where he became a great scholar, arid 
wrote an excellent chronicle. Bale knoweth not where to 
place him with any certainty. J But Pits, not more knoiving, 
but more daring, assigneth him to have flourished in the year 

[AMP.] WILLIAM PACKINGTON. I confess two villages 
(the less and greater) of this name in Warwickshire; and yet 
place this Packington here, with no discredit to myself, and 
greater grace to him. For, first, I behold him as no clergyman 
(commonly called from their native places) ; but have reasons 
to believe him rather a layman, and find an ancient family of 
his name (not to say alliance) still flourishing in this county. 
He was secretary and treasurer to Edward the Black Prince ; 
and his long living in France had made the language of his 
nurse more natural to him than the tongue of his mother. 
Hence it was that he wrote in French the story of " Five Eng 
lish kings" [king John, Henry the Third, Edwards First, Second, 
and Third], and a book of "The Achievements of the Black 
Prince." He flourished anno Domini 1380. 


Sir EDWIN SANDYS, son to Edwin Sandys, D. D. was (in 
all probability) born in this county, whilst his father was bishop 

* Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. iv. p. 317. f Prov. xv. 4. 

J Bale, ibid. Cent. iv. num. 33. 
Pits, de Scriptoribus Anglise, p. 351, anno 1270. 

2 B 2 


of Worcester. He was bred in Cambridge, and attained to be 
a most accomplished person. 

I have known some pitiful in affection, but poor in condition, 
willing but unable to relieve one in greater want than them 
selves, who have only gotten an empty purse, and given it to 
others to put their charity therein for the purpose aforesaid. 
Such my case. I can only present the reader with a place in 
this my book for the character of this worthy knight, but can 
not contribute any coin of memories or remarkables to the 
furnishing thereof. Only let me add, he was Trepi^io^, right- 
anded to any great employment ; and was as constant in all 
Parliaments as the Speaker himself, being beheld by all as an 
excellent patriot (faithful to his country, without being false to 
his king) in all transactions. He was the treasurer to the 
undertakers for the Western plantations, which he effectually 
advanced, the Bermudas (the firmest though not the fairest 
footing the English have in the West Indies) owing their hap 
piness to his care, and Sandys tribe is no contemptible propor 
tion therein. He had a commanding pen, witness his work of 
" The Religion of the Western World " (many in one book), so 
much matter is stowed therein. I have been informed, that he 
bequeathed by his will a considerable sum to the building of a 
college in Cambridge ; but, debts not coming in according to 
expectation, his good intention failed in the performance 
thereof. He died, much lamented of all good men, about the 
year 1631. 


RICHARD SMITH, D. D. was born in this county ;* bred in 
the university of Oxford, where he became king s professor, and 
was fit for that place in all things, if (as one of his own per 
suasion avoweth) " non obstitisset laterum debilitas, et vocis 
exilitas," (the weakness of his sides and lowness of his voice had 
not hindered him.) 

King Edward the Sixth afterwards sent for Peter Martyr 
over to be his professor in this university, betwixt whom and 
Dr. Smith so great the contest, that, waving all engagements, 
it is best to state it to the eye of the reader, as it is represented 
by authors of both sides. 

" Petrum Martyrem apostatum monachum, et heeresis Zuving- 
licanae sectatorem, & Rege Edwardo Sexto, Oxonii in cathe- 
dram theologicam intrusum, in publicis disputationibus heeresis 
convicit, et cathedram suam victor repetiit, sed rege obstante 
non impetravit/ t (In public disputations he convicted Peter 
Martyr the apostate monk, and a follower of the Zwinglian heresy, 
thrust in by king Edward the Sixth into the divinity chair in 
Oxford, and being conqueror did require his own chair to be 

" Pits, de Anglise Scriptoribus, in anno 1563. t Idem, ibidem. 


restored to him ; which he obtained not, because the king did 
withstand him.) 

" Sed animosus iste Achilles, die ad disputandum constitute, 
cum non compareret, sed ad Divum Andream in Scotiam pro- 
fugeret, ratus eum qui in hoc articulo bene lateret, bene 
vivere."* (But this valiant Achilles, when he did not appear on 
the day appointed for him to dispute, fled to Saint Andrew s in 
Scotland, conceiving that in a case of this kind he lived best 
who lay hid the closest.) From St. Andrew s he afterwards 
conveyed himself into the Low Countries. 

But this Smith returned afterwards in the reign of queen 
Mary, when Peter Martyr was glad to get leave to fly from that 
university. Thus we see (as to speak unbiassed without reflec 
tion on the cause) that, in such controversies, it mattereth little 
who are the disputants on either side, whilst the prevalent power 
is the moderator. 

Doctor Smith, flying again over into the Low Countries, was 
made dean of Saint Peter^s in Douay, and the first professor in 
the university founded therein. He died anno Domini 1563. 

JOHN MARSHALL was born at Dalisford in this county, as 
New College register doth attest; which is to be credited 
before J. Pits, making him to be born in Dorsetshire. He was 
bred at New College in Oxford, where he proceeded bachelor 
of laws, and for his gravity and learning was chosen second 
master of Winchester school. But, in the first of queen Eliza 
beth, he left the land with Thomas Hide, chief schoolmaster 
thereof; so that now their scholars had a sat otium, and in both 
their absence might play with security, till a successor received 
their sceptre. He became afterwards canon of Lisle in Flan 
ders, though a long time disturbed in his quiet possession 
thereof. He wrote a book, much prized by men of his persua 
sions, against John Calfild, an English Protestant. At his 
death, he bequeathed a ring with a rich stone to adorn a piece 
of the cross in his cathedral (which by doctor Gifford was 
solemnly applied thereunto) ; and died anno Domini 1597. 

ROBERT BRISTOW was born in this county ;f bred first in 
Oxford, in Exeter College, whence he conveyed himself over 
beyond the seas, living first at Louvain, then in the English col 
lege at Douay. He was the first of that foundation that was 
made priest, being the right hand of cardinal Allen, who, depart 
ing to Rheims, left Bristow prefect of Douay college. After 
wards he was sent for to Rheims, where he wrote his book, say the 
Papists, J " contra futilem Fulkum," (against foolish Fulk) 
railing is easier than reasoning with such mouths, who indeed 

* L. Humphredus, in vita Juelli, p. 44. 

t Pits, de Scriptoribus Angliae, p. 779. % Idem, ibidem. 

That worthy confuter of the Rhemish Testament. 


was a grave and godly divine. Being very sickly, he was 
advised for his health to return into his native country, where, 
having the good hap to miss that which cureth all diseases, he died 
in his bed near London 1582. 

HENRY HOLLAND, born in this county,* was bred fellow of 
Saint John s College in Oxford. Leaving the land, he fled 
over to Douay, where he took the degree of bachelor in divinity, 
and order of priesthood. Hence he removed to Rheims, where, 
saith my author, f " Traductioni Bibliorum Sacrorum astitit," 
(he assisted I might say truly to the traducing^ but let it be 
the translating of the Bible.) Returning to Douay, he read 
divinity in a monastery hard by, wherein he was living 1611. 


WALTER of EVESHAM was born thereabouts, and bred 
therein a Benedictine monk. His harmonious mind expressed 
itself in its love of music, wherein he attained to great eminency, 
and wrote a learned book in that faculty. 

But here bilious BaleJ lets fly without fear (though not with 
out some wit) ; inveighing against all music in churches, pre 
tending to produce a pair-royal of fathers for his own opinion ; 
viz. Saint Jerome, calling such chanting " Theatrales modulos;" 
Gregory terming it " consuetudinem reprehensibilem ;" and 
Athanasius flatly forbidding it the church, for the vanity thereof. 
But, by Bale s leave, such speak not against the decent orna 
ments of wives, who reprove the garish attire of harlots ; the 
abuse, not use of music, being taxed by the Fathers aforesaid. 

Our Walter flourished under king Henry the Third, anno 


Reader, it may be disputed in me, whether I am more 
ashamed of or grieved for my mean intelligence of benefactions 
in this county, before and since the Reformation. But I com 
fort myself, that the Dugdales in this county, I mean the wor 
thy future illustrators thereof, || will supply my defect. Only I 
will add 

RICHARD DUGARD, B. D. was born at Grafton Fliford in 
this county ; bred, under Master Henry Bright, in the king s 
school at Worcester. I name him the rather, because never did 
Master Calvin mention his Master Corderius with more honour, 
than Master Dugard gratefully remembered Master Bright. He 
was chosen fellow of Sidney College, where in my time (for I 
had the honour of his intimate acquaintance) he had a moiety 

Pits, de Scriptoribus Angliae, p. 804. 

Idem, ibidem. J Cent.xviii. num. 100. Prov. vii. lo. 
|| This was performed by the late Rev. Dr. Nash ; who died in 1811 ED. 


of the most considerable pupils, whom he bred in learning and 
piety, in the golden mean betwixt superstition and faction. He 
held a gentle strict hand over them, so that none presumed on 
his lenity to offend, or were discouraged by his severity to 
amend. He was an excellent Grecian, and general scholar ; old 
when young, such his gravity in behaviour ; and young when 
old, such the quickness of his endowments. He bestowed on 
the college a hundred and twenty pounds for some perpetual 
use for the master and fellows : and ten pounds for books for 
the library. At last he was surprised with a presentation of the 
rectory of Fulleby in Lincolnshire, where, by his constant 
preaching and pious living, he procured his own security ; a rare 
happiness in those troublesome times. He died January 28, 
anno Domini 1653 ; and lies buried under a marble stone in his 


JOHN FECKENHAM was born of poor parents in Feckenham 
forest in this shire.* He was the last clergyman I find (and 
therefore memorable) who locally was surnamed ; and was bred 
a Benedictine in Evesham, and at the dissolution thereof 
received an annual pension of a hundred florins, which (in my 
accounting) make up some twenty pounds. This maintained 
him when afterwards he went and studied in Oxford, attaining 
to eminent learning therein. 

In the reign of king Edward the Sixth, he was imprisoned in 
the Tower, until Sir Philip Hobby (to use Feckenham s own 
words) " quasi mutuatum accepit/ (borrowed him of the Tower.) 
Being at liberty, he had frequent disputations in the earnest 
yet modest defence of his religion. 

By queen Mary he was made abbot of Westminster, being 
the last mitred abbot (and therefore more memorable) who sat 
in parliament. He was very gracious with the queen, and 
effectually laid out all his interest with her (sometime even to 
offend, but never to injure her,) to procure pardon of the 
faults, or mitigation of the punishments, for poor Protestants. 

By queen Elizabeth he was highly honoured, and proffered 
(as is currently traditioned) the see of Canterbury, which he 
refused, and was kept in easy restraint ; for, although he found 
not the same favour with Joseph, to whom the gaoler 
committed the care of all his family, making him superintendant 
of all other prisoners, yet had he always respective usage, and 
oft-times liberty on his parole. By his bounty to the poor, he 
gained the good will (saith Master Camden) of all persons ; 
whilst I behold his bounty to others as the queen s bounty to 
him, enabling (because not disenabling) him for the same, and 
permitting him peaceably to possess his estate. He died, a very 
aged man, in Wisbeach castle, as I collect, anno 1585 ; and the 

* Reyner <le Antiquitate Benedictinorum in Angli&, Tract. 1. Sect. 3. p. 233. 


character which Pitseus giveth him may suffice for his epitaph : 
" Erat in eo insignis pietas in Deum, mira charitas in proximos, 
singularis observantia in majores, mitis affabilitas in inferiores, 
dulcis humanitas in omnes, multiplex doctrina, redundans fa- 
cundia, incredibilis religionis catholicee zelus."* 

HENRY BRIGHT was born in the city of Worcester. No 
good man will grudge him under this title, who shall seriously 
peruse this his epitaph, composed by doctor Joseph Hall, then 
dean in the cathedral in Worcester : 

" Mane, Hospes, et lege. 


celeberrimus Gymnasiarcha, 

qui Scholse Regiae istic fundatae 

per totos quadraginta annos summa cum laude praefuit : 

Quo non alter magis sedulus fuit scitusve aut dexter 

in Latinis, Grsecis, Hebraicis Literis feliciter edocendis : 

Teste utraque Academia, quam instruxit affatim numerosa pube literaria : 

Sed et totidem annis eoque amplius Theologiam professus, 

et hujus Ecclesise per septennium Canonicus major, 

ssepissime hie et alibi sacrum Dei Prsecouem. magno cum zelo et fructu egit ; 
Yir pius, doctus, integer, frugi, de Republica deque Ecclesia optime meritus, 

a laboribus perdiu pernoctuque ab anno 1562 ad 1626, . 
strenue usque extant latis, 4to Martii suaviter requievit in Domino." 

For my own part, I behold this Master Bright placed by 
Divine Providence in this city, in the Marches, that he might 
equally communicate the lustre of grammar learning to youth 
both of England and Wales. 


1. Richard Lee, son of Simon Lee, of Worcester, Grocer, 1460. 

2. Richard a Lee, son of John a Lee, of Worcester, 1468, 

3. Alexander Avenon, son of Robert Avenon, of King s Norton, 

Ironmonger, 1569. 

This is one of the twelve pretermitted counties, the names of 
whose gentry were not returned into the Tower, by the Commis 
sioners, in the reign of king Henry the Sixth. 

Anno HEN. II. Anno 

1 29 Rad. de Glanvill. 

2 Will, de Bello Campo, for 30 Mich. Belet. 

fourteen years. 31 Rob. Marmion, for three 

16 Will, de Bello Campo, et years. 
Hugo de Puckier. 

17 Ranul. de Launch, for four 

years. 1 Rob. Marmion. 

21 Rob. de Lucy. 2 Will, de Bello Campo. 

22 Mich. Belet, for seven 3 Will, de Bello Campo, et 

years. Rich, de Piplinton. 

4 Pits, de Scriptoribus Anglitc, p. 786. 




4 Idem. 

5 Will, de Bello Campo. 

6 Idem. 

7 Hen. de Longo Campo, for 

three years. 
10 Rad. de Grafton. 


1 Rad. de Grafton. 

2 Idem. 

3 Will, de Cantelu. et 
Adam de Worcester, for 

three years. 

6 Rob. de Cantelu. 

7 Idem. 

8 Will, de Cantelu. et 
Adam CPicus. 

9 Will, de Cantelu. et 
Walt, le Puchier, for three 


12 Will, de Cantelupo, et 
Adam. Ruffus. 

13 Will, de Cantelupo, et 
Adam Delwich. 

14 Idem. 

15 Will, de Cantelupo, et 
Phus. Kutton, for three 




2 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Hen. Lunett, for three 


5 Walt, de Bello Campo, for 
three years. 

8 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Hug. le Pohier. 

9 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Tho. Wigorne, for three 


12 Walt, de Bello Campo, for 
three years. 

15 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Hug. le Pohier. 

16 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Will, de Malvern, for three 



19 Walt, de Bello Campo, et 
Hug. le Pohier. 

20 Idem (sive Will.) 

21 Will, de Bello Campo, et 
Will, de Blandhall. 

22 Idem. 

23 Will, de Bello Campo, et 
Laur. de Wandlesworth, 

for three years. 

26 Will, de Bello Campo, et 
Simon de London. 

27 Will, de Bello Campo, for 

twenty-four years. 

51 Bello Campo, et 
Joh. de Hull. 

52 Idem. 

53 Will, de Bello Campo, for 

three years. 

EDW. I. 

1 Will, de Bello Campo, 
Comes Warwic. for twenty- 
six years. 

27 Guido de Bello Campo, for 
nine years. 


1 Guido de Bello Campo, 
Comes Warw. et 

Rob de Berkenhall. 

2 Guido de Bello Campo, 
Comes Warw. et 

Walt, de Perthrope, for 
four years. 

6 Guido de Bello Campo, et 
Rob. de Warwick. 

7 Idem. 

8 Guido de Bello Campo. 

9 Johan. de Heringwold. 

10 Walt, de Bello Campo. 

11 Idem. 

12 Will. Stracy. 

13 Idem. 

14 Idem. 

15 Will, de Bello Campo. 

17 Nich. Russell. 

18 Idem. 




19 Walt, de Kokesey. 


1 Walt, de Kokesey. 

2 Idem. 

3 Rich, de Handeslowe, for 

three years. 

6 Tho. de Bello Campo, 
Comes Warw., for forty- 
six years. 


1 Tho. de Bello Campo, 
Comes Warwic. for four 

5 Tho. de Bello Campo, for 
thirteen years. 

18 Tho. de Bello Campo. 

19 Idem. 

20 Joh. Washburne. 

21 Hen. Haggerley. 

22 Rob. Russell. 


1 Tho. de Bello Campo. 

2 Tho. de Bello Campo, et 
Will. Beaucham. 

3 Tho. Hodington. 

4 Rich, de Bello Campo, 

^ Comes Warw. for nine 

HEN. v. 

1 Rich, de Bello Campo, for 
nine years. 


1 Rich, de Bello Campo, for 

sixteen years. 

16 Norm. Washburne, Sub- 

[In the 17th year of king Henry the 
Sixth, this worthy Richard Beau- 
champ deceased. And here the re- 


cords are at a loss, (such as ever 
since came to my hand) presenting 
no sheriff for twenty-one years, till 
the end of the reign of king Henry 
the Sixth. And yet I am confident 
that Henry Beauchamp, son and heir 
to Richard aforesaid, earl of War 
wick and Albemarle (for Duke of 
Albermarle I meet with none, be 
fore that illustrious person who now 
deservedly possesseth that honour),* 
enjoyed_the shrievalty of this county.] 


1 Walt. Scull. Subvic. 
nineteen years. 


[Here we have an under-sheriff, but no 
high-sheriff could my industry reco 
ver, though my confidence is ground 
ed on good cause, that Richard Ne- 
vill (the make-king) duke of War 
wick, was honorary sheriff, though 
too great to officiate in his person.] 

20 Jacob. Radcliffe, mil. for 
three years. 


1 Jacob. Radcliffe, miles. 

2 Will. Houghton, miles. 

3 Hum. Stafford, et 
Rich, Nanfan. 


1 Rich. Nanfan. 

2 Idem. 

3 Joh. Savage, mil. for five 

8 Joh. Savage, arm. for five 


13 Joh. Savage, mil. for twelve 


1 Joh. Savage, mil. for seven 

8 Will. Compton, mil. for 

nineteen years. 


3. JOHANNES SAVAGE, Mil. I behold him (and am sure 

* General Monk. ED. 


my eyes are not deceived) as the same with that person who 
was made knight of the Garter, and privy-councillor to the king. 
Yet will I not be positive, whether it was he or his son who, 
removing into Cheshire, and marrying the heir-general of the 
ancient family of Bostocks, attained thereby a great inheritance, 
and was ancestor to the present earl of Rivers. 


8. WILL. COMPTON, Mil. He was highly and deservedly a 
favourite to this king ; so that, in the court, no lay-man, abating 
only Charles Brandon (in whom affection and affinity met), was 
equal unto him. He might have been, for wealth or honour, 
what he pleased ; but contented himself with what he was. His 
son Peter married into the right honourable family of Shrews 
bury, and his grandson Sir Henry Compton was one of the three 
H.C/s [Henry Gary, Henry Compton, and Henry Cheney], 
who were made barons by queen Elizabeth, ancestor to James 
earl of Northampton. For the happiness of whom, and his, 
when I cannot orally pray, I will make signs of my affection to 


Anno Name and Arms. Place. 

27 Walt. Walsh, arm. 

Az. a fess betwixt six martlets S. 

28 Idem ut prius. 

29 Joh. Russel, jun. . . Strensham. 

Arg. a chevron betwixt three cross croslets fitchee S. 

30 Rob. Acton, arm. . . Sutton. 

G. a fess within a border engrailed Erm. 

31 Gilbt. f albott, mil. . . Grafton. 

G. a lion rampant and a border engrailed O. 

32 Joh. Pakington, arm. 

Per chevron S. and Arg, ; in chief three mullets O. in 
base as many garbs G. 

33 Joh. Russell, mil. . . ut prius, 

34 Go. Throgmorton, mil. . Throgmorton. 

G. on a chevron Arg. three bars gemelle S. 

35 Tho. Hunkes, arm. . . Radbroke. 

Arg. three mullets S. within a border platee. 

36 Joh. Talbott, mil. . . ut prius. 

37 Rob. Acton, mil. . . . ut prius. 

38 Joh. Russel, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Will. Sheldon, mil. . . Beely. 

S. a fess Arg. betwixt three swans proper. 

2 Rich. Ligon, mil. 

Arg. two lions passant G. 


Anno Name. Place. 

3 Will. Gower, arm. 

Az. a chevron between three wolves heads erased O. 

4 Will. Ligon, arm. . . ut prius. 

5 Tho Russell, mil. .. . ut prius. 

6 Joh. Talbott, mil. . . ut prius. 

PHIL, et MAR. 

1 Hen. Dingley, arm. . . Charlton. 

Arg. a fess S. a mullet betwixt two ogresses in chief. 

2 Joh. Talbott, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Tho. Baskervile, mil. 

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three hurts proper. 

4 Will. Sheldon, arm. . ut prius. 

5 Joh. Littleton, arm. . . Frankley. 

Arg. a chevron between three escalop shells S. 

6 Joh. Knottesford, arm. 

Arg. four fusils in fess S. 


1 Tho. Russell, arm. . . ut prius. 

2 Will Ligon, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Tho. Packington, mil. . ut prius. 

4 Galfr, Markham, arm. . ut prius. 

Az. ; in chief O. a lion issuant G. and border Arg. 

5 Tho. Baskervile, mil. . ut prius. 

6 Will. Jefferyes, et . . Holm. Caf. 

S. a lion rampant betwixt three scaling-ladders O. 
Will. Hunkes, arm. . . ut prius. 

7 Anth. Daston, arm, 

8 Joh. Littleton, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Will. Sheldon, arm. . ut prius. 

10 Hen. Dingley, arm. . . ut prius.- 

11 Tho. Russell, mil. . . ut prius. 

12 Fran. Walsh, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Joh. Rowse, arm. . . Rouslench. 

S. two bars engrailed Arg. 

14 Joh. Littleton, mil. . . ut prius. 

15 Rich. Ligon, arm. . . ut prius. 

16 Edw. Colles, arm. 

17 Edw. Harewell, arm. . Bifford, 

Arg. on a fess nebule S. three hares heads couped of the 

18 Rad. Sheldon, arm. . . ut prius. 

19 Joh. Russell, arm. . . ut prius. 

20 Hen. Berkley, arm. 

G. a chevron betwixt ten crosses Arg. 

21 Walt. Blunt, arm, . Kidderminster. 

Barry nebule of six O. and S. 

22 Fran. Walsh, arm. . . ut prius, 


Anno Name. Place. 

23 Tho. Folliat, arm. . . Purton. 

Arg. a lion rampant queue fourche Purpure, armed G. 
crowned O. 

24 Joh. Walshburne, arm. ut infra. 

25 Rich. Ligon, arm, . . ut prius. 

26 Gilb. Littleton, arm. . ut prius. 

27 Tho. Lucy, mil. . . . WARWICK. 

G. crusuly O. three lucies or pikes hauriant Arg. 

28 Will. Child, arm. . . Northwick. 

G. a chevron Erm. betwixt three eagles close O. 

29 Egid. Read, arm. 

30 Geor. Winter .... Huddington. 

S. a fess Erm. 

31 Will. Savage, arm. 

Arg. six lions rampant S. 

32 Edw. Colles, arm. . . ut prius. 

33 Hen. JBromeley, mil. 

Quarterly per fess indented G. and O. 

34 Will. Ligon, arm. . . ut prius. 

35 Tho. Biggs, arm. . . . Lenchwick. 

Arg. on a fess betwixt three ravens proper, as many 
annulets of the field. 

36 Joh. Pakington, mil. . ut prius. 

37 Tho. Folliat, arm. . . ut prius. 

38 Edw. Harewell, arm. . ut prius. 

39 Fran. Dingley, arm. . . ut prius. 

40 Will. Walsh, arm. . . ut prius. 

41 Will. Child, arm. . . ut prius. 

42 Joh. Washborn, arm. 

Arg. on a fess betwixt six martlets G. three quatrefoils of 
the first. 

43 Will. Savage, arm. . . ut prius. 

44 Geor. Blunt, arm. . . ut prius. 

45 Th. Russel, mil ; et 1 Ja. ut prius. 

J .." v (_, 1\ r> jv. t 

1 Tho. Russel, mil. . . ut prius. 

2 Rich. Walsh, arm. . . ut prius. 

3 Will. Barnaby, arm. . Acton. 

Arg. a lion passant gardant between three escalops S. 

4 Walt. Snage, arm. 

5 Joh. Pakington, mil. . ut prius. 

6 Arno. Ligon, mil. . . ut prius. 

7 Rich. Greves, mil. 

8 Joh. Rowse, mil. . . ut prius. 

9 Edr. Pitt, mil. . . . Churwiard. 

Az. three bars, and as many stars in chief O. 
10 Joh. Savage, arm. . . ut prius. 


Anno Name. Place. 

11 Rob. Berkeley, arm. . ut prius. 

12 Sher. Talbott, arm. . . ut prius. 

13 Fran. Moore, arm. 

14 Will. Jefferies, arm. . ut prius. 

15 Will. Berkeley, arm. . ut prius. 

16 Sam. Sandys, mil. 

O. a fess indented betwixt three crosses croslets fitchee G. 

17 Walt. Blunt, arm. . . ut prius. 

18 Will. Kite, arm. 

19 Edr. Seabright, arm. . Besford. 

Arg. three cinquefoils S. 

20 Joh. Woodward, mil. 

21 Joh. Culpepper, arm. . KENT. 

Arg. a bend engrailed G. 

22 Egid. Savage, mil. . . ut prius. 


1 Walt. Devereux, mil. 

Arg. a fess G. ; in chief three torteaux. 

2 Edw. Cookes, arm. 

3 Rich. Skynner, arm. 

4 Hen. Bromley, arm. . ut prius. 

5 Will. Jeffreys, arm. . . ut prius. 

6 Arth. Smithes, mil. 

7 Jacob. Pitt, mil. . . . ut prius. 

8 Tho. Good, arm. 

9 Joh. Keyt, arm. 

10 Joh. Savage, arm. . . ut prius. 

1 1 Will. Russel, bar. . . ut prius. 

12 Joh. Rows, mil. . . . ut prius. 

13 Edw. Dingley, arm. . . ut prius. 

14 Tho. Greaves, arm. 

15 Joh. Winford, arm. 



19. JOHN RUSSEL, Arm. The same gentleman, no doubt, 
who was afterwards knighted, and betwixt whom and Sir Henry 
Berkeley was so deadly a quarrel, as that great bloodshed was 
likely to have ensued, at the sessions in Worcester, by reason of 
their many friends and followers engaged therein. But doctor 
Whitgift, then bishop of Worcester, and vice-president of Wales 
(in the absence of Sir Henry Sidney, then in Ireland) wisely 
prevented it, by providing a strong watch at the gates, and 
about the city : and requiring them to bring both parties, with 
their attendants, well guarded, to his palace. Here he caused 


them all (to the number of four or five hundred)* to deliver 
their weapons into his own servants custody ; and after two 
hours pains taken, sometimes in persuading, and otherwhiles in 
threatening them, he made them so good friends, that they both 
attended him hand in hand to the Town-hall, where, in amity 
and love, they performed the service of their country. 

36. JOHN PACKINGTON, Mil. It is now good manners for 
me to hold my peace, and listen to a privy councillor,f thus de 
scribing his character : " He was a gentleman of no mean 
family, of form and feature no ways disabled, a very fine cour 
tier, and for the time which he stayed there (which was not 
lasting), very high in the queen s grace. But he came in, and 
went out ; and, through disassiduity, drew the curtain between 
himself and the light of her favour; and then death over 
whelmed the remnant, and utterly deprived him of recovery. 
And they say of him, that had he brought less to the court than 
he did, he might have carried away more than he brought ; for 
he had a time of it, but was no good husband of opportunity." 


2. RICHARD WALSH, Arm. I find him called in our chro 
nicles (perchance by a prolepsis) Sir Richard Walsh. Yea, I 
find him styled so by him who best might,J because he made 
him so, knighting him for his good service. 

In his sheriffalty, the powder-traitors, ferreted out of War 
wickshire by Sir Richard Verney, were as fiercely followed by 
Sir Richard Walsh, out of the bounds of this county, till they 
took covert in the house of Stephen Littleton, at Hallbach in 
Staffordshire. This discreet sheriff, not standing on the punc 
tilio of exceeding his commission, in a case wherein the peace 
of the kingdom was so highly concerned, prosecuted his advan 
tage, and beset the house round about, till both the Wrights 
were killed in the place, Catesby and Percy slain with one 
bullet, Rookwood and Winter wounded, all the rest appre 


Many smart skirmishes have happened in this county, and near 
this city. We only insist on that fatal fight, September the 
third, 1651. 

Know then (as introductory thereunto) that his majesty, on 
the first of August foregoing, began his march from Edin 
burgh into England, not meeting with any considerable oppo- 

* Sir George Paul, in the Life of Archbishop Whifcgift, p. 23. 
f Sir Robert Naunton, in Fragmenta Regalia, 
j King James, in Discourse of Powder Treason, p. 244. 
Stow s Chronicle, p. 880, and Speed s, p. 920. 


sition (those at Warrington being soon put to flight by his pre 
sence), until he came to Worcester. His army consisted of 
twelve thousand effectual fighting men (whereof two thousand 
English, the rest of the Scottish nation) ; but neither excel 
lently armed, nor plentifully stored with ammunition, whilst 
the Parliament forces under Cromwell more than doubled that 
number, wanting nothing [but a good cause] that an army could 
wish or desire. 

The royalists chiefest strength consisted in two passes they 
possessed over the river of Severn, which proved not advan 
tageous according to expectation ; for the enemy found the river 
fordable elsewhere ; and the bridge and pass at Upton, though 
valiantly defended by major-general |Massey (who received a 
shot in his hand) was forced by Lambert pouring in unequal 
numbers on the king s forces. Besides, Cromwell finished a 
bridge of boards and planks over the main river, with more ce 
lerity, and less resistance, than could have been expected in a 
matter of such importance. 

Then began the battle ; wherein his majesty, to remember 
his subjects good, forgot his own safety, and gave an incom 
parable example of valour to the rest, by charging in his own 
person. This was followed by few to the same degree of danger ; 
but imitated in the greatest measure, by the Highlanders, fight 
ing with the butt-ends of their muskets when their ammunition 
was spent. But new supplies constantly charging them, and 
the main body of the Scotch horse not coming up in due time 
from the city to his majesty s relief, his army was forced to re 
treat in at Sudbury-gate in much disorder. 

If there were (which some more than whisper) false and foul 
play in some persons of principal trust ; as they have had a great 
space seasonably, God grant them his grace sincerely to re 
pent, for their treacherous retarding the happiness, prolonging 
and increasing the miseries, of a gracious king and three great 
nations ! Sure it is, here were slain the flower of the Scottish 
loyal gentry, with the most illustrious William (formerly earl 
of Laneric) duke of Hamilton. As for common soldiers, some 
few who had escaped had a longer life, to have a sadder death, 
wandering in the country till other men s charity and their own 
strength failed them. 

Since, how God hath conducted his majesty miraculously, 
through labyrinths of many difficulties, to the peaceable pos 
session of his throne, is notoriously known to the wonder of 
the world. 

Here my Muse heartily craveth leave \ to make an humble 
address to his majesty; depositing at his feet the ensuing 
Panegyric : 




AT Worc ster great God s goodness to our nation, 
It was a conquest your bare preservation. 
When midst your fiercest foes on every side 
For your escape God did a LANE provide ; 
They saw you gone, but whither could not tell, 
Star-staring, though they asked both heaven and hell. 


Of foreign states you since have studied store, 
And read whole libraries of princes o er. 
To you all forts, towns, towers, and ships are known 
(But none like those which now become your OWN). 
And though your eyes were with all objects filled, 
Only the good into your heart distilled. 


Garbling men s manners, you did well divide : 
To take the Spaniards wisdom, not their pride ; 
With French activity you stored your mind, 
Leaving to them their fickleness behind ; 
And soon did learn, your temperance was such, 
A sober industry even from the Dutch. 


But tell us, gracious sovereign, from whence 
Took you the pattern of your patience ? 
Learnt in affliction s school, under the rod, 
Which was both used and sanctified by God. 
From Him alone that lesson did proceed, 
Best tutor with best pupil best agreed. 


We, your dull subjects, must confess our crime. 
Who learnt so little in as long a time 
And the same school. Thus dunces poring looks 
Mend not themselves, but only mar their books. 
How vast the difference twixt wise and fool ! 
The master makes the scholar, not the school . 


With rich conditions ROME did you invite, 

To purchase you their royal proselyte, 

(An empty soul s soon tempted with full coffers), 

Whilst you with sacred scorn refused their proffers. 

And for the FAITH did earnestly contend 

Abroad, which now you do at home defend. 


Amidst all storms, calm to yourself the while, 
Saddest afflictions you did teach to smile. 
Some faces best become a mourning dress ; 
And such your patience, which did grace distress : 
Whose soul, despising want of worldly pelf, 
At lowest ebb went not beneath itself. 

VOL. III. 2 C 


GOD S justice now no longer could dispense 
With the abusing of His providence. 
To hear success his approbation styl d, 
And see the bastard brought against the child. 
[Scripture] by such, who in their own excuse 
Their actings gainst his writings did produce. 


The pillar which God s people did attend, 
To them in night a constant light did lend, 
Though dark unto th Egyptians behind ; 
Such was brave Monck in his reserved mind, 
A riddle to his foes he did appear, 
But to you and himself, sense plain and clear. 


By means unlikely God achieves his end, 
And crooked ways straight to his honour tend ; 
The great and ancient gates of London town, 
(No gates, no city) now are voted down, 
And down were cast, O happy day ! for all 
Do date our hopeful rising from their fall. 


Men s loyal thoughts conceived their time was good. 
But God s was best ; without one drop of blood, 
By a dry conquest, without foreign hand, 
(Self-hurt, and now) self-healed is our land. 
This silent turn did make no noise, O strange ! 
Few saw the changing, all behold the change. 


So Solomon most wisely did conceive, 

His temple should be still-born, though alive. 

That stately structure started from the ground 

Unto the roof, not guilty of the sound 

Of iron-tool, all noise therein debarr d ; 

This virgin-temple thus was seen, not heard. 


Th impatient land did for your presence long, 
England in swarms did into Holland throng. 
To bring your highness home, by th Parliament, 
Lords, Commons, citizens, divines were sent : 
Such honour subjects never had before, 
Such honour subjects never shall have more. 


Th officious wind to serve you did not fail, 
But scour d from the west to east to fill your sail ; 
And, fearing that his breath might be too rough, 
Prov d over civil, and was scarce enough ; 
Almost you were becalm d amidst the main, 
Prognostic of your perfect peaceful reign. 


Your narrow seas, for foreigners do wrong 
To claim them (surely doth the ditch belong 
Not to the common Continent, but Isle 
Inclosed) did on you their owner smile, 
Not the least loss, only the Naseby mar ls 
To see herself now drowned in the Charles. 



You land at Dover ; shoals of people come, 
And Kent alone now seems all Christendom. 
The Cornish rebels (eight score summers since) 
At black-heath fought against their lawful prince ; 
Which doleful place, with hateful treason stain d, 
Its credit now by loyalty regain d. 


Great London the last station you did make ; 

You took not it, but London you did take.;; 

And now no wonder men did silence break, 

When Conduits did both French and Spanish speak. 

Now at White-hall the guard, which you attends, 

Keeps out your foes, God keep you from your friends ! 


THE bells aloud did ring, for joy they felt ; 

Hereafter sacrilege shall not them melt. 

And round about the streets the bonfires blaz d. 

With which New-lights fanatics were amaz d. 

The brandish d swords this boon begg d before death, 

Once to be shewed, then buried in the sheath. 


The Spaniard, looking with a serious eye, 

Was forc d to trespass on his gravity. 

Close to conceal his wondering he desir d, 

But all in vain, who openly admir d. 

The French, who thought the English mad in mind, 

Now fear too soon they may them sober find. 


The Germans seeing this your sudden power, 
Freely confess d another emperor. 
The joyful Dane to heav ns cast up his eyes, 
Presuming suffering kings will sympathise. 
The Hollanders (first in a sad suspense) 
Hop d that your mercy was their innocence. 


Long live our gracious CHARLES, second to none 

In honour, who e er sate upon the throne. 

Be you above your ancestors renown d, 

Whose goodness wisely doth your greatness bound ; 

And, knowing that you may be what you would, 

Are pleased to be only what you should. 


Europe s great arbitrator, in your choice 
Is plac d of Christendom the casting voice. 
Hold you the scales in your judicious hand, 
And when the equal beam shall doubtful stand, 
As you are pleased to dispose one grain, 
So falls or riseth either France or Spain. 


As Sheba s queen defective Fame accus d, 
Whose niggardly relations had abus d 
Th abundant worth of Solomon, and told 
Not half of what she after did behold : 
The same your case, Fame hath not done you right ; 
Our ears are far out-acted by our sigh . 
2 c 2 



Yourself s the ship return d from foreign trading, 
England s your port, experience the lading. 
God is the pilot ; and now, richly fraught, 
Unto the port the ship is safely brought. 
What s dear to you, is to your subjects cheap ; 
You sow d with pain what we with pleasure reap. 


The good-made laws by you are now made good, 
The prince and people s right both understood : 
Both being bank d in their respective station, 
No fear hereafter of an inundation. 
Oppression, the king s evil, long endur d, 
By others caus d, by you alone is cur d. 

And here my Muse craves her own Nunc dimittis, never to 
make verses more ; and because she cannot write on a better, 
will not write on another occasion, but heartily pray in prose 
for the happiness of her lord and master. And now, having 
taken our Vale of verses, let us therewith take also our Farewell 
of Worcestershire. 


I read in a good author* how the State of Lunenburg 
in Germany (whose chief revenues arise from the sale of salt) 
prohibited poor people the benefit thereof. Wherexipon Divine 
Providence (offended that a monopoly was made of his mercy) 
stopped the flowing of those salt-springs for a time, till the poor 
were restored to their partage therein. I am not particularly 
instructed, what share the poor have in the salt of this shire, 
not knowing how their interest is stated therein : but I presume 
the concernments of the poor are well cared for, and all things 
equally ordered betwixt them and rich people, grounding my 
confidence on the long and large continuance of the salt-pits 
amongst them. All I will add is this; I shall pray that they 
may endeavour for spiritual-soul-savouriness, " that their speech 
may be always with grace seasoned."f 

As for the loyal city of Worcester (which deserves a particu 
lar Farewell by itself), I heartily desire that God would be 
pleased to restore unto it the years which the locust, caterpillar, 
and palmer-worm, have devoured. And how quickly can he do it 
(as by infinite other ways, so) by blessing the clothing, the staple 
commodity in this county ! not formerly omitted by me, but 
pretermitted till this occasion. Sure it is, that the finest 
(though this may seem a word of challenge) cloth of England is 
made at Worcester ; and such, I believe, was that which Eras- 
mus,J that great critic (who knew fine cloth as well as pure 

* Fines Morison, in his Travels, p. 3. f Col. iv. 6. 

$ In his Colloquy, intituled, " Uxon M,u\Kya,"o;. 


Latin) calleth pannus Britannicus ; Lempster wool (in the neigh 
bouring county of Hereford) being here made into (pardon the 
prolepsis till it be dyed) the purest scarlet. 


John BASKERVILLE, celebrated printer at Birmingham, 
improver of type-founding; born at Wolverley 1706; died 

Major John BERNARDI, Jacobite, brave adventurer, imprisoned 
by the decree of six parliaments, under four sovereigns, for 
forty years ; born at Evesham 1657 ; died 1736. 

Thomas BLOUNT, miscellaneous writer, author on Manorial 
Tenures; born at Bordesley 1618; died 1679. 

William BOWLES, divine and poet; born at Hagley; died 

Samuel BUTLER, author of the satirical poem of " Hudibras ;" 
born at Strensham 1612; died 1680. 

William DERHAM, philosopher, divine, and author ; born at 
Stoulton 1657; died 1735. 

George HOOPER, bishop of Bath and Wells, orientalist, and 
learned author; born at Grimley 1640; died 1727- 

William HOPKINS, divine, linguist, and antiquary ; born at 
Evesham 1647; died 1700. 

William HUSKISSON, statesman; born at Birts Morton 1770; 
(accidentally killed at the opening of the Liverpool and Man 
chester railway 1830.) 

George Lord LYTTELTON, statesman, historian, and poet, 
and patron of learned men; born at Hagley 1709; died 

Dr. Tread way Russel NASH, divine, antiquary, and historian of 
the county, and annotator on Hudibras ; born at Clerkenleap 
in Kempsey 1725 ; died 1811. 

William PRICE, orientalist; born at Worcester; died 1830. 

Henry SAVAGE, divine and topographer ; born at Eldersfield ; 
died 1672. 

Edmund SMITH, surnamed " Rag Smith," from the carelessness 
of his dress ; scholar, critic, and poet, friend of Steele and 
Addison; born 1668; died 1709. 

William SMITH, divine, author, and translator ; born at Wor 
cester 1711; died 1787. 

John SOMERS, lord chancellor, statesman and author ; born at 
Worcester 1650 or 1652; died 1716. 

John WALL, physician, who discovered the medicinal pro 
perties of the Malvern springs, &c. ; born at Powick 1708 ; died 


William WALSH, M. P. critic and poet; born at Abberley 
1663; died 1710. 

** Topography is deeply indebted to the labours of the Rev. Dr. Treadway 
Nash for his valuable Collections for the History of Worcestershire, which were 
published in 2 vols. folio in 1781. The original collectors were Thomas Habing- 
don and his son William; and the MSS of both, augmented by those of Dr. Tho 
mas and Bp. Lyttleton, having been bequeathed to the Society of Antiquaries, Dr. 
Nash was indulged, in 1774, with the unreserved use of them for the purpose of 

Of the City and Cathedral of Worcester, there have been various publications, 
by different authors; viz. by Mr. Thos. Abingdon (1717) ; by the Rev. Dr. Tho 
mas (1737); and by Valentine Green (1796); and in 1829 a small 12mo vol. 
was published anonymously. In 1794, appeared the Rev. W. Tindal s History 
of Evesham, and Mr. J. Payton s History of Dudley Castle and Priory ; to which 
may be added the Rev. J. Barrett s Description of Malvera ED. 


YORKSHIRE hath the bishopric of Durham and Westmor 
land on the north ; Lancashire and a snip of Cheshire on the 
west ; Derby, Nottingham, and Lincolnshire (divided by the 
Humber)on the south ; and the German ocean on the east thereof. 
It extendeth (without any angular advantages) unto a square of 
fourscore and ten miles, adequate in all dimensions unto the 
dukedom of Wirtemburg in Germany. Yea, on due considera 
tion I am confident that all the Seven United Provinces cannot 
present such a square of solid continent, without any sea inter 

One may call and justify this to be the best shire of England, 
and that not by the help of the general catachresis of good for 
great (a good blow, good piece, &c.) but in the proper accepta 
tion thereof. If in Tully s Orations (all being excellent) that is 
adjudged "optima quse longissima," (the best which is the 
longest), then, by the same proportion, this shire (partaking in 
goodness alike with others) must be allowed the best ; seeing 
Devonshire itself, the next in largeness, wisely sensible of the 
visible inequality betwixt them, quits all claims of co-rivality (as 
a case desperate), and acknowledgeth this as paramount in 

Indeed, though other counties have more of the warm sun, 
this hath as much as any of God s [temporal] blessings. So 
that let a surveyor set his centre at Pontefract or thereabouts, 
and take thence the circumference of twenty miles, he there will 
meet with a tract of ground not exceeded for any, nor equalled 
for the goodness and plenty of some commodities. I would 
term it the garden of England, save because it is so far from the 
Mansion-house, I mean, the city of London; insomuch that such 
sullen dispositions, who do not desire to go thither only because 
of the great distance, the same if settled there would nor desire 
to come thence, such the delight and pleasure therein. 

Most true it is, that when king Henry the Eighth, anno 1548, 
made his progress to York, doctor Tonstall, bishop of Dur 
ham, then attending on him, shewed the king a valley 
(being then some few miles north of Doncaster), which the 


bishop * avowed to be the richest that ever he found in all his 
travels through Europe ; for, within ten miles of Hasselwood, 
the seat of the Vavasors, there were 165 manor-houses of 
lords, knights, and gentlemen of the best quality; 275 several 
woods, whereof some of them contain five-hundred acres ; 32 
parks, and two chases of deer; 120 rivers and brooks, whereof 
rive be navigable, well stored with salmon and other fish; 76 
water-mills, for the grinding of corn on the aforesaid rivers ; 
25 coal-mines, which yield abundance of fuel for the whole 
county; 3 forges for the making of iron, and stone enough 
for the same. 

And within the same limits as much sport and pleasure for 
hunting, hawking, fishing, and fowling, as in any place of Eng 
land besides. 


A word of the name, colour, virtues, and usefulness thereof. 
In Latin it is called gagates (as different in nature, as alike in 
name to the precious stone called gagites, only found in an 
eagle s nest), whence our English word geat is deduced. But 
be it remembered, that the agate, vastly distinct from geat, is 
also named gagates. 

It is found in this county, towards the sea- side, in the clefts 
of the rocks, whose gaping chaps are filled up therewith.! It is 
naturally of a reddish and rusty colour, till it becomes black and 
bright by polishing. Indeed the lustre consists of the blackness 
thereof (Negroes have their beauties as well as fair folk) ; and vul 
gar eyes confound the inlay ings made of black marble (polished 
to the height), with touch, geat, and ebony ; though the three 
former be stones, the last a kind of wood. 

The virtues of geat are hitherto concealed. It is the lightest 
of all solid (not porous) stones, and may pass for the emblem of 
our memories, attracting trifles thereto, and letting slip mat 
ters of more moment. Rings are made thereof (fine foils to 
fair fingers) ; and bracelets with beads, here used for ornament, 
beyond sea for devotion ; also small utensils, as salt-cellars, and 
the like. But hear how a poet % describes it : 

Nascitur in Lyci& lapis, ft prope gemma Gagates ; 
Sed genus ei imium fcecimda ftrilannicc rnittit. 
Lucidus et niger est, levis et Iceuicissimus idem : 
t Vicinas paleas irahit altritu calefactus, 

Ardet aqud lotus, restinguitur unctus vlivo. 

Geat, a stone, and kind of gem, 
In Lycia grows ; bat best of them 
Most fruitful Britain sends ; tis bright 
And black, and smooth, and very light. 

* Out of a Manuscript of William Vavasor of Hasselwood, esquire, 
f Camden s Britannia, in this county,. 
J Marbodseus, in suo de Geoirnis libello. 


" If rubb d to heat, it easily draws 
Unto itself both chaff and straws. 
Water makes it fiercely flame, 
Oil doth quickly quench the same." 

The two last qualities some conceive to agree better to our 
sea-coal than geat; whence it is, that some stiffly maintain, that 
those are the British gagates meant by foreign authors ; and in 
deed, if preciousness of stones be measured, not from their 
price and rarity but usefulness, they may be accounted pre 
cious. But hereof formerly, in the Bishopric of Durham. 


This was first found out nigh Gisborough in this county, some 
sixty years since, by that worthy and learned knight Sir Thomas 
Chaloner (tutor to prince Henry) on this occasion. He observed 
the leaves of trees thereabouts more deeply green than elsewhere; 
the oaks broad-spreading, but not deep-rooted; with much 
strength, but little sap ; the earth clayish, variously coloured, here 
white, there yellowish, there blue, and the ways therein in a clear 
night glistering like glass ; symptoms which first suggested unto 
him the presumption of minerals, and of alum most properly. 

Yet some years interceded betwixt the discovery and per 
fecting thereof ; some of the gentry of the vicinage burying their 
estates here under earth, before the alum could be brought to 
its true consistency. Yea, all things could not fadge with them, 
until they had brought (not to say stolen) over three prime 
workmen in hogsheads from Rochelle in France ; whereof one, 
Lambert Russell by name, and a Walloon by birth, not long 
since deceased. But, when the work was ended, it was adjudged 
a mine-royal, and came at last to be rented by Sir Paul Pindar, 
who paid yearly to the king 12,500/. ; to the earl of Mulgrave 
1,6401. ; to Sir William Penniman GOO/. ; besides large salaries to 
numerous clerks, and daily wages to rubbish-men, rockmen, 
pit-men, and house-men or fire-men ; so that at one time (when 
the mines were in their majesty) I am credibly informed, he 
had in pay no fewer than eight hundred by sea and land. 

Yet did not the knight complain of his bargain, who having 
the sole sale of the commodity to himself, kept up the reputa 
tion thereof, and the price of alum at six-and-twenty pounds the 
ton. This he did the easier, because no better, and scarce 
other (save what from Rome and Rochelle) alum in all Eu 

But the late long-lasting parliament voted it a monopoly ; 
and restored the benefit thereof to the former proprietaries, 
who now pursue the work at five several places : 1. Sands- 
end, and 2. Ash-holme, belonging to the ear of Mulgrave : 

3. Slapy-wath, Sir William (formerly Penniman s) Darcey s: 

4. Dunsley, Mr. Thomas Fairfax s: 5. Whitby, Sir Hugh 
Cholmley s. 


Such now the emulation betwixt these owners to undersell 
one another, that the commodity is fallen to thirteen pound 
the ton. 

Great the use hereof in physic and surgery, as a grand 
astringent. Besides, much thereof is daily employed by clo 
thiers, glovers, dyers, &c. ; so that some will maintain, that 
another thing in England, as white and far sweeter than alum, 
may of the two be better spared, with less loss to the common 


I am credibly informed that, within a few miles of Pontefract, 
no less than twenty thousand pounds worth of this coarse com 
modity is yearly made, and vended in the vicinage. It is a 
great fertilizer of ground, if judiciously disposed of. Indeed 
the laying of lime on light and sandy ground (like the giving 
hot cordials to persons in high fevers, enough to drive them 
into a frenzy) will soon burn out the heart thereof; which 
bestowed on cold and chill ground brings it to a fruitful consis 
tency, and, prudently ordered, it will for a long time retain the 


These are men s wings, wherewith they make such speed. A 
generous creature a horse is, sensible in some sort of honour, 
made most handsome by (that which deforms man most) pride. 
The kings of Israel were not forbidden (as some may mistake) 
the having, but the multiplying of them ;* chiefly because they 
were a foreign, yea, an Egyptian commodity, and God would 
cut off from his children all occasion of commerce with that 
country, which was the staple-place of idolatry. 

Our English horses have a mediocrity of all necessary good 
properties in them; as neither so slight as the Barb, nor so 
slovenlyas the Flemish,nor sofieryas the Hungarian, nor so airy 
as the Spanish gennets (especially if, as reported, they be con 
ceived of the wind), nor so earthly as those in the Low Countries, 
and generally all the German horse. For stature and strength, 
they are of a middle size, and are both seemly and serviceable 
in a good proportion. And, whilst the seller praiseth them too 
much, the buyer too little, the indifferent stander-by will give 
them this due commendation. 

It is confessed that our English horse never performedany emi 
nent and signal service beyond the seas, in comparison of the 
achievements of their infantry. Partly, because our horses, sent 
over many together in ships, beat and heat them selves, and are not 
for sudden usein the field after their transportation; sothatsome 
time of rest must be allowed them for their recovery : partly be 
cause the genius of the English hath always more inclined them to 
the foot service, as pure and proper manhood indeed without any 

* Deut. xvii. 16. 


mixture ; whilst in a victory on horse-back, the credit thereof 
ought in equity to be divided betwixt the man and his horse. 

Yorkshire doth breed the best race of English horses, whose 
keeping commonly in steep and stony ground bringeth 
them to firmness of footing and hardness of hoof; whereas 
a stud of horses bred in foggy fenny ground and soft rotten 
morasses (delicacy mars both man and beast) have often a fen 
in their feet, being soft, and soon subject to be foundered. 
Well may Philip be so common a name amongst the gentry of 
this county, who are generally so delighted in horsemanship. 
I have done with this subject, when I have mentioned the 
monition of David, " An horse is but a vain thing to serve a 
man ; "* though it is no vain thing to slay a man, by many 
casualties; such need we have, whether waking or sleeping, 
whether walking or riding, to put ourselves by prayer into 
divine protection. 


As for clothing, so vigorously followed in this county, we 
refer it to our FAREWELL, in this our description; and here 
insist on 


These are the teeth of old men, and useful to those of all 
ages ; for, though some think themselves scarce gentlemen 
with knives, as good as they conceive themselves scarce men 
without them, so necessary they are on all occasions. The 
most of these for common use of country people are made in 
this county; whereof the bluntest, with a sharp stomach, will 
serve to cut meat if before them. Sheffield, a remarkable mar 
ket, is the staple town for this commodity, and so hath been 
these three hundred years ; witness Chaucer, speaking of the 
accoutrements of the miller, 

" A Sheffield whitel bare he in his hose."f 

One may justly wonder how a knife may be sold for one penny, 
three trades anciently distinct concurring thereunto, bladers, 
haft-makers, and sheath-makers, all since united into the corpo 
ration of Cutlers. Nor must we forget, that though plain knife- 
making was very ancient in this county, yet Thomas Matthews on 
Fleet-bridge,:]; London, was the first Englishman who (quinto Eli- 
zabethee) made fine knives, and procured a prohibition, that no 
more ships-lading of hafts should be brought from beyond the seas. 


A pin passeth for that which is next to nothing, or (if you 
will) is the terminus a quo from which something doth begin, 

* Psal. xxxiii. 17. f Folio 15. 

J The river Fleet was then navigable to Holborn bridge. ED. 

Stow s Chronicle, p. 1038. 


and proceed from a pin to a pound, &c. However it is consi 
derable both as hurtful and useful; hurtful, if advantageously 
placed it may prove as mortal as apoignard, the life of the greatest 
man lying at the mercy of the meanest thing ; useful, not only to 
fasten our ornaments, but fill up the chinks betwixt our clothes, 
lest wind and weather should shoot through them. 

Many and very good of these are made in this county ; a 
commodity not to be slighted, since the very dust that falls 
from them is found profitable. We commonly say that it is 
not beneath a proper person to stoop to take up a pin, until he 
be worth ten thousand pounds, according to the thrifty rule in 
Latin, Qui negliqit minima nunquam ditescet. Such who admire 
that so many millions of pins, made, sold, used, and lost in 
England, should vanish away invisible, may rather wonder how 
so many that wear them (being no more than pins in the hands 
of their Maker) do decay, die, and slip down in the dust, 
in silence and obscurity. I will add, that the world is well 
altered with England as to this commodity, now exporting so 
much of them into foreign parts ; whereas formerly " strangers 
have sold pins in this land to the value of threescore thousand 
pounds a year.* 


About a mile and a half from Knaresborough westward, in a 
moorish boggy ground, ariseth a spring of a vitrioline taste and 
odour. It was discovered by one Master Slingsby about the 
year 1 620, and is conceived to run parallel with the Spa waters 
in Germany. 

Not far off is a sulphur well, which hath also the qualities of 
saltness and bitterness : the stench whereof though offensive 
(patients may hold their nose, and take wholesome physic) is 
recompensed by the virtues thereof ; insomuch (as my authorf 
saith) " it heateth and quickeneth the stomach, bowels, liver, 
spleen, blood, veins, nerves, and indeed the whole body ; in 
somuch that it consumes crudities, rectifieth all cold distempers 
in all parts of the body, causeth a good digestion, cureth the 
dropsy, spleen, scurvy, green sickness, gout." And here it is 
high time to hold still ; for, if this last be true, let that disease, 
which formerly was called dedecus medicince, be hereafter termed 
decus fontis Knaresburgensis. 

In the same parish, over against the castle (the river Nid 
running betwixt), ariseth a spring, which runneth a little way 
in an entire stream, till dammed at the brow of the descent with 
ragged rocks, it is divided into several trickling branches, where 
of some drop, some stream down, partly over, partly through a 
jetting rock, this is called the Petrifying Well (how gramrna- 

* Stow s Chronicle, p. 1038. 

| John French, doctor of physic, in his Yorkshire Spa, p. 113. 


tically I will not engage), because it converteth spongy substances 
into stone, or crusteth them over round about.* 

We must not forget Saint Mungus s Well, which some have 
slighted as an ineffectual superstitious relic of Popery, whilst 
others maintain it hath regained its reputation, and is of sove 
reign virtue. Some will have the name thereof mistaken for 
Saint Magnus, which in my opinion was rather so called from 
Saint Mungo (Kentigernup in Latin), a Scottish saint, and 
much honoured in these northern parts. I believe no place in 
England can shew four springs, so near in situation, so distant 
in operation. 

Such as desire to know more of the nature and use of these 
springs ; of the time, manner, and quantity, wherein the waters 
are to be taken ; and how the patient is to be dieted for his 
greater advantage ; may inform themselves by perusing two 
small treatises, one set forth anno 1626. by Edmund Dean, 
doctor of physic, living in York, called " Spadsacrena Anglica ;" 
the other, written some six years since by John French, doctor 
of physic, and is very satisfactory on that subject. 


The Church of Beverley is much commended for a fine fa 
bric ; and I shall have a more proper occasion to speak here 
after of the collegiate church in Ripon. 

But, amongst ancient civil structures, we must not forget 


It is seated in the confluence of Derwent and Ouse. In what 
plight it is now I know not; but hear how Leland commendeth 
it in his Itinerary through this county, It is built of square 
stone, which some say was brought out of France ; it hath four 
fair towers, one at each corner, and a gatehouse (wherein are 
chambers five stories high), which maketh the fifth. In Leland s 
time it looked as new built, though then one hundred years old, 
as being erected by the lord Percy earl of Winchester in the 
reign of king Richard the Second. Without the walls (but 
within the moat) gardens done opere topiario. In a word, he 
termeth it one of the properest buildings north of Trent. 

But that which most affected him was a study, in an eight 
square tower, called Paradise, furnished with ciirious and con 
venient desks, loaden with variety of choice books ; but, as 
Noah s flood is generally believed of learned men to have dis 
composed the Paradise in Eden, so I shrewdly suspect that the 
deluge of time hath much impaired, if not wholly defaced, so 
beautiful a building, then belonging to the earl of Northumber 

Amongst many fine and fair houses now extant in this county, 

* See what I have formerly written of WONDERS in Northamptonshire F. 


we hear the highest commendation of Maulton, late the house 
of the lord Euers. 


" From Hell, Hull, and Halifax, deliver us."] 

This is part of the beggar s and vagrant s litany. Of these 
three frightful things unto them, it is to be feared that they least 
fear the first, conceiting it the furthest from them. Hull is ter 
rible unto them, as a town of good government,* where vagrants 
meet with punitive charity, and tis to be feared are oftener cor 
rected than amended. Halifax is formidable unto them for the 
law thereof, whereby thieves taken tVovnK&w pw, in the very act 
of stealing cloth, are instantly beheaded with an engine, 
without any further legal proceedings. 

" A Scarborough warning,"] 

That is, none at all, but a sudden surprise, when a mischief 
is felt before it be suspected. This proverb is but of 104 years 
standing, taking its original from Thomas Stafford, who, in the 
reign of queen Mary, anno 1557 3 with a small company, seized 
on Scarborough castle (utterly destitute of provision for resis 
tance) before the towns-men had the least notice of his ap 
proach, f However, within six days, by the industry of the earl 
of Westmoreland, he was taken, brought to London, and be 
headed ; so that since the proverb accepteth a secondary (but no 
genuine) sense ; and a " Scarborough warning " may be a caveat 
to any, how he undertaketh a treacherous design. But, if any 
conceive this proverb of more ancient original, fetching it from 
the custom of Scarborough castle in former times, with which 
it was not a word and a blow, but a blow before and without a 
word ; as using to shoot ships which passed by and struck not 
sail, and so warning and harming them both together; I can 
retain mine own, without opposing their opinion. 

" As true steel as Ripon rowels."] 

It is said of trusty persons, men of metal, faithful in their em 
ployments. Spurs are a principal part of knightly hatchments ; 
yea, a poet observes,! 

"The lands that over Ouse to Berwick forth do hear, 
Have for their blazon had the snaffle, spur, and spear." 

Indeed, the best spurs of England are made at Ripon, a fa 
mous town in this county, whose rowels may be enforced to 
strike through a shilling, and will break sooner than bow. How 
ever, the horses in this county are generally so good, they pre 
vent the spurs, or answer unto them, a good sign of thrifty me 
tal for continuance. 

" A Yorkshire way-bit."] 

That is an overplus not accounted in the reckoning, which 

* Others conceive it only to relate to the dangerous haven thereof. F. 
Godwin, in his Annals of Queen Mary. 
Dray ton, in his Polyolbion, Song II. p. 71. 


sometimes proveth as much as all the rest. Ask a countryman 
here on the highway, how far it is to such a town, and they com 
monly return, " So many miles and a way-bit ;" which way-bit 
is enough to make the weary traveller surfeit of the length 
thereof. If such over-measure be allowed to all yards, bushels, 
&c. in this shire, the poor therein have no cause to complain of 
their pennyworths, in buying any commodities. 

But hitherto we have run along with common report and 
false-spelling (the way not to win the race), and now return to 
the starting-place again. It is not way-bit, though generally 
so pronounced, but wee-bit, a pure Yorkshireism, which is a 
small bit in the northern language. 
" Merry Wakefield."] 

What peculiar cause of mirth this town has above others I 
do not know, and dare not too curiously inquire, lest I turn 
their mirth among themselves into anger against me. Sure it is, 
it is seated in a fruitful soil and cheap country ; and where good 
cheer and company are the premises, mirth in common conse 
quence will be the conclusion ; which, if it doth not trespass in 
time, cause, and measure, Heraclitus, the sad philosopher, may 
perchance condemn j but Saint Hilary, the good father, will 
surely allow. 


HENRY, youngest son to William duke of Normandy, but 
eldest to king William the Conqueror (by whom he was begot 
ten after he was crowned king), on which politic criticism he 
claimed and gained the crown from duke Robert his eldest bro 
ther, was, anno Domini 1070, born at Selby in this county. If 
any ask what made his mother travel so far north from Lon 
don? know, it was to enjoy her husband s company ; who, to 
prevent insurrections, and settle peace, resided many months 
in these parts ; besides his peculiar affection to Selby, where 
after he founded a mitred abbey. 

This Henry was bred (say some) in Paris; say others in Cam 
bridge,* and I may safely say in both ; wherein he so profited, 
that he attained the surname of Beauclerk. His learning may 
be presumed a great advantage to his long and prosperous reign 
for thirty-five years and upwards, wherein he remitted the 
Norman rigour, and restored to his subjects a great part of the 
English laws and liberties. 

Indeed his princely virtues, being profitable to all, did with 
their lustre so dazzle the eyes of his subjects, that they did not 
see his personal vices, as chiefly prejudicial to himself. For he 
was very wanton, as appeareth by his numerous natural issue, 
no fewer than fourteen, f all by him publicly owned ; the males 
highly advanced, the females richly married, which is justly 

* Tho. Rudburn, Leland, Fabian, Bale, and Pits, p. 203. 
f Speed s Chronicle, p. 453. 


reported to his praise, it being lust to beget, but love to bestow 
them. His sobriety otherwise was admirable, whose tempe 
rance was of proof against any meat objected to his appetite ; 
lampreys alone excepted, on a surfeit whereof he died, anno 
Domini 1135. He had only two children, William dying 
before, and Maud surviving him, both born in Normandy, and 
therefore omitted in our catalogue. 

THOMAS, fifth son of king Edward the First, and the first that 
he had by Margaret his second wife, was born at (and surnamed 
from) Brotherton, a small village in this county, June 1, anno 
Domini 1300. He was created earl of Norfolk and earl-mar 
shal of England. He left no male issue ; but from his females, 
the MoAvbrays dukes of Norfolk, and from them the earls of 
Arundel and lords Berkeley, are descended. 

RICHARD PLANTAGENET, duke of York, commonly is 
called Richard of Conisborough, from the castle in this shire of 
his nativity.* The reader will not grudge him a place amongst 
our princes, if considering him fixed in his generation betwixt 
an antiperistasis of royal extraction ; being son to a son of a 
king, Edmund of Langley duke of York, fifth son to king 
Edward III. ; father to the father of a king, Richard duke of 
York, father to king Edward IV. 

Besides, he had married Anne daughter and sole heir to 
Edward Mortimer, the true inheritrix of the crown. But, tam 
pering too soon and too openly, to derive the crown in his 
wife s right to himself, by practising the death of the present 
king, he was taken, and beheaded for treason, in the reign of 
king Henry the Fifth. 

EDWARD, sole son to king Richard the Third and Anne his 
queen, was born in the castle of Middleham, near Richmond, in 
this county ;t and was by his father created prince of Wales : 
a prince, who himself was a child of as much hopes as his father 
a man of hatred. But he consumed away of a sudden, dying 
within a month of his mother; king Richard little lamenting 
the loss of either, and presently projecting to repair himself by 

a new marriage. 

The untimely death of this prince (in respect to the term to 
which, by natural possibility, he might have attained) in his 
innocent age, is generally beheld as a punishment on him for 
the faults of his father. The tongue forswears ; the ears are 
cutoff; the hand steals, the feet are stocked, and that justly, 
because both consisting of the same body. And because proles 
et pars par entis, it is agreeable with divine justice, to inflict on 
children temporal judgments for defaults of their parents. 

k Near to Rotherham. f Speed s Chronicle, p- ~3S. 

SAIN TS. 401 

Yet this judgment was a mercy to this prince, that he might 
not behold the miserable end of his father. Let me add, and 
a mercy also to all England ; for, had he survived to a man s 
estate, he might possibly have proved a wall of partition, to 
hinder the happy union of the two houses of York and Lan 


HILDA was daughter unto prince Hererick, nephew to Edwin 
king of Northumberland ; and may justly be counted our 
English Huldah, not so much for sameness of sex, and name- 
sounding similitude, as more concerning conformities. Huldah 
lived in a college ;* Hilda in a convent at Strenshalt in this 
county. Huldah was the oracle of those times, as Hilda of her 
age, being a kind of a moderatresse in a Saxon synod f (or con 
ference rather) called to compromise the controversy about the 
celebration of Easter. I behold her as the most learned 
English female before the Conquest, and may call her the She- 
Gamaliel, at whose feet many learned men had their education. 
She ended her holy life with a happy death, about the year of 
our Lord 680. 

BENEDICT BISCOP was born, saith Pits, amongst the East 
Saxons ; saith Hierome Porter J in Yorkshire, whom I rather 
believe ; first, because, writing his life ex professo, he was 
more concerned to be curious therein ; secondly, because this 
Benedict had much familiarity with, and favour from, Oswy 
king of Northumberland, in whose dominions he fixed himself, 
building two monasteries, the one at the influx of the river 
Were, the other at the river Tyne, into the sea, and stocking 
them in his life-time with 600 Benedictine monks. 

He made five voyages to Rome, and always returned full 
fraught with relics, pictures, and ceremonies. 

In the former is driven on as great a trade of cheating, as in 
any earthly commodity ; insomuch that I admire to meet with 
this passage in a Jesuit, and admire more that he met not with 
the Inquisition for writing it. " Addam, nonnumquam in tem- 
plis, reliquias dubias, profana corpora pro sanctorum (qui cum 
Christo in coelo regnant) exuviis sacris fuisse proposita." 

He left religion in England, braver, but not better, than he 
found it. Indeed, what Tully said of the Roman lady, " That 
she danced better than became a modest woman," was true of 
God s service as by him adorned, the gaudiness prejudicing the 
gravity thereof. He made all things according (not to the 
pattern in the mount with Moses, but) the precedent of Rome ; 
and his Convent, being but the Romish transcript, became the 

* 2 Chronicles xxxiv. 22. t Sir Henry Spelman s Councils. 

J In his Flowers of the Lives of the Saints, p. 47. 
VOL. III. 2 D 


English original, to which all monasteries in the land were sud 
denly conformed. 

In a word, I reverence his memory, not so much for his first 
bringing over painted glass into England, as for his bringing up 
pious Bede in his monastery. Being struck beneath the girdle 
with the dead palsy, his soul retired into .the upper rooms of 
his clay cottage, much employed in meditation, until the day of 
his death, which happened anno JOS. 

Saint JOHN of BEVERLEY may be challenged by this county, on 
a threefold title; because therein he had his 1. Birth; at 
Harpham in this county, in the east Riding : 2. Life ; being three 
and thirty years, and upwards, archbishop of York : 3 . Death ; 
at Beverley in this county, in a college of his own foundation. 

I remember his picture in a window in the library at Salis 
bury, with an inscription under it (whose character may chal 
lenge to itself three hundred years antiquity), affirming him the 
first Master of Arts in Oxford ; and Alfredus Beverlacensis 
reporteth as much. Arts indeed were, and Oxford was (though 
hardly an university) in that age ; but, seeing the solemnity of 
graduating was then unknown, a judicious Oxonian * rejecteth 
it as a fiction. More true it is, that he was bred at Strenshalt 
under Hilda aforesaid, which soundeth something ^to her ho 
nour and nothing to his disgrace, seeing eloquent Apollos 
himself learned the primer of his Christianity partly from 
Priscilla.f He was afterwards educated under Theodorus the 
Grecian, and archbishop of Canterbury. Yet was he not so 
famous for his teacher as for his scholar, venerable Bede, who 
wrote this John s life, J which he hath so spiced with miracles, 
that it is of the hottest for a discreet man to digest into his 

Being very aged, he resigned his archbishopric, that he 
might the more effectually apply his private devotions in his 
college at Beverley, for which he procured the freed-stool from 
king Athelstan. Yet such sanctuaries (though carrying some 
thing of holiness in their name) had a profane abuse for their 
very use, making malefactors with their promise of impunity, 
and then protecting them from justice. Saint John died May 
7, 722 ; and was buried in the porch of his collegiate church. 
A synod held at London 1416 assigned the day of his death 
an anniverary solemnity to his memory. 

THOMAS PLANTAGENET. Before I proceed, I must confess 
myself formerly at a great loss to understand a passage in an 
honourable author, speaking of the counterfeit relics detected 
and destroyed at the Reformation : " The bell of Saint Guthlac, 

* Bishop Godwin, in the Archbishops of York. f Acts xviii. 26. 

J Historia Ecclesise, lib. v. cap. 2, 3, &c. 



and the felt of Saint Thomas of Lancaster, both remedies for 
the head-ache."* 

But I could recover no Saint Thomas (saving him of Canter 
bury) in any English martyrology, till since on inquiry I find 
him to be this Thomas Plantagenet. 

He was earl of Derby, Lancaster, Leicester, and (in the right 
of Alice his wife) of Lincoln. A popular person, and great 
enemy to the two Spencers, minions to king Edward the Se 
cond, who being hated as devils for their pride, no wonder if 
this Thomas was honoured as a saint and martyr by the com 
mon sort.t Indeed he must be a good chemist who can extract 
martyr out of malefactor ; and our chronicles generally behold 
him put to death for treason against king Edward the Second. 
But let him pass for a saint in this shire, though never solemnly 
canonized, it being true of such local saints what Servius Hono- 
ratus observeth of topical gods : " Ad alias regiones nunquam 
transibant," (they travelled not so far as to be honoured in 
other countries). His beheading, alias his martyrdom, happened 
at Pontefract, anno Domini 1322. 

RICHARD ROLE, alias HAMPOLE, had his first name from his 
father,^ the other from the place (three miles from Doncaster) 
where living he was honoured, and dead was buried and sainted. 
He was a eremite, led a strict life, and wrote many books of 
piety, which I prefer before his prophetical predictions, as but 
a degree above almanac prognostications. He threatened the 
sins of the nation with future famine, plague, inundations, war, 
and general calamities, from which no land is long free, but sub 
ject to them in some proportion. Besides, his predictions, if 
hitting, were heeded; if missing, not marked. 

However, because it becomes me not ayiopa^e iv, let him pass 
for a saint. I will add, that our Savour s dilemma to the Jews 
may partly be pressed on the Papists his contemporaries. 
If Hampole s doctrine was of men, why was he generally reputed 
a saint; if from God, why did they not obey him, seeing he 
spake much against the viciousness and covetousness of the 
clergy of that age ? He died anno Domini 1349. 

JOHN of BIRLINGTON, or BRIDLINGTON, was born hard by that 
town ; bred two years in Oxford, where he profited in piety and 
learning above his age and equals. Returning home, for a short 
time he was teacher to a gentleman s sons, until the twentieth 
year of his age he entered himself a canon regular in the con 
vent of Bridlington, where he grew eminent for his exemplary 

It was his happiness that such offices always fell to his share, 

* Lord Herbert, in the Life of king Henry the Eighth, p. 431. 
t " In Sanctorum nuraerum retulit vulgus. 1 Camden s Britannia, in Yorkshire. 
J Bale, de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Cent. v. num. 80. Matthew xx. 15, 

2 D 2 


as did not retard but quicken his devotion, as chanter, almoner, 
&c. At last he was chosen prior, but refused the place, al 
leging his own unworthiness, professing he had rather be bea 
ten in pieces with blows than accept thereof ; so that another 
was put into the place. This new elect dying soon after, our 
John was chosen again in the vacancy, and then took it, fearing 
there might be as much peevishness in rejecting as pride in af 
fecting it, and hoping that providence, which fairly called him 
to, would freely fit him for, the discharge of that office. 

He used to treat strangers at his table with good cheer, and 
seemingly kept pace with them in eating morsel for morsel, whilst 
he had a secret contrivance wherein he conveyed his exceedings 
above his monastical pittance. Being demanded of one why he 
did not enter into more strict and austere order ? f< Surely," 
said he, " a man may lead a sincere and acceptable life in any 
order ; and it were arrogancy in me to pretend to a severer disci 
pline, when I cannot observe as I ought this easier course of life." 
My author saith, that Martha and Mary were both compounded 
in him, being as pious, so provident to husband the revenues of 
their house to their best advantage.* 

Going to view their lands in Richmondshire, he gave a visit 
to a woman lately turned an Anchorist, and renowned for her ho 
liness. She told him, that now her vision was out, who the 
night before dreamed that an eagle flew about her house with a 
label in his bill, wherein was written, " Jesus is my love." 
" And you," saith she, "are the person who so honour him in 
your heart, that no earthly thing can distract you." To whom 
our John returned, " I came hither to hear from you some saving 
and savoury discourse; but, seeing you begin with such idle 
talk, farewell ;" and so waved any further converse. 

However, I must not dissemble, that the prophecies fathered 
on this our John are as fabulous and frivolous as her dreams ; 
witness that deadly passage in an excellent author,t " In Jo- 
hannis de Bridlington vatis monastici vaticinales rhythmos 
omnino ridiculos incidimus." Yet, no doubt, he was a holy 
man ; and could one light on his life unleavened, before heaved 
up with the ferment of monkish fiction, it would afford many 
remarkables. He died, in the sixtieth year of his age, 1379 : 
and was reputed (though I believe not solemnly canonized) a 
saint amongst his own countrymen. 

WILLIAM SLEIGHTHOLME. It is pity to part him from his 
last named dear friend ; such the sympathy of amity and sanctity 
betwixt them. Once this William demanded of his friend John, 
what might be the reason that the devil in their days affrighted 
few, if any, with his terrible appearance, who in former ages 
was very frequent with formidale apparitions ? reflecting, in this 

* Harpfield s Ecclesiastical History, p. 577, out of whom his Life is extracted, 
f Camden s Britannia, in Yorkshire. 



his question, perchance on Saint Paul s " Messenger of Satan 
sent to buffet him,"* but chiefly on those usual [reported] 
personal combats of the devil with Saint Dunstan, Guthlake, &c. 
To whom his friend returned, " We are grown so remiss in good 
ness, that the devil needs not to put himself to such pains, 
seeing less and lighter temptations will do the deed." It is re 
corded of this William, that he was one of singular piety, and 
after his death wrought many miracles at his tomb in the mo 
nastery of Bridlington, where he was buried about the year 
1380.f I will add no more, but that I have a learned friend, 
William Sleightholme, doctor of physic, living at Buntingford 
in Hertfordshire, but born in this county, whom I believe 
remotely related to this Saint. 

Expect not here that I should add to this catalogue that 
maiden, who, to secure her virginity from his unchaste embraces 
that assaulted it, was by him barbarously murdered, whereby 
she got the reputation of a saint ; and the place, the scene of 
his cruelty (formerly called Horton) the name of Hali-fax, or 
Holy-hair". For the credulous people conceited that the veins, 
which, in form of little threads, spread themselves between the 
bark and body of that yew-tree (whereon the head of this maid 
was hung up) were the very hairs indeed of this virgin head to 
whom they flock in pilgrimage.^ 

Oh how sharp-sighted, and yet how blind, is superstition ! 
Yet these countryfolks fancies had the advantage of Daphne s 
being turned into a laurel tree. , . 

Infrondem crines, in ramos brachia crescunt, 

" Into a bough her hair did spread, 

And from her arms two branches bred." 

But here she is wholly omitted, not so much because her 
name and time are unknown, but because the judicious behold 
the whole contrivance devoid of historical truth. 


The county (and generally the province of York) escaped very 
well from Popish persecution, which, under God s goodness, 
may be justly imputed to the tempers of their four succeeding 
archbishops : 

1. T/iomas Wolsey ; whom all behold as a person more proud 
than cruel ; not so busying himself to maintain Popery, as to 
gain the Popedom. 2. Edward Lee ; more furious than the 
former, persecuting many to imprisonment, none to death, save 
two, of whom hereafter. || 3. Robert Hollgate ; who was, as 
they say, a Parcel Protestant, imprisoned and deprived for being 
married. 4. Nicholas Heath ; a meek and moderate man, car 
rying a court of conscience in his bosom, long before queen 
Mary made him chancellor of England. 

* 2 Corinthians xii. 7. f Harpfield s Ecclesiastical History, p. 577. 

$ Camden s Britannia, in Yorkshire Ovid, Metamorph, lib. i. 550. 

U See Martyrs in the City of York. 


Hereupon it came to pass, that the diocese of York was dry 
with Gideon s fleece ; whilst others, lying near unto it, were 
wet in their own tears and blood. 


Where no fish, there no fry ; and seeing here no martyrs, 
which are confessors full blown, no wonder if here no confessors 
which are martyrs in the bud. 


JOHN FISHER was born in the town of Beverley in this county. 
His father, Robert Fisher, was by condition a merchant, and 
lived in good reputation. He was afterwards bred in Michael 
house in Cambridge, whereof he was the first chancellor pro 
termino vita, and bishop of Rochester. How this Fisher was 
caught afterwards in the net of Elizabeth Barton (commonly 
called the holy maid of Kent), thereby made accessary to her 
dissembling; how stiff he was against king Henry s divorce, and 
title of supreme head of the church ; how the Pope sent him a 
cardinal s cap, and the king cut off his head, hath been so 
largely related in my "Ecclesiastical History;" and being, I 
hope, pardo